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"Say, What IS An 'Eisenho wer Republican,' Anyhow?"
Mozart and Bartok
"Wh~en Opinions. Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail'
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: DONNA HANSON
Troop Reduction in Germany
Could Have Serious Consequences
_ I!1 F r
e r _
r i i Xlt
- _ ., .
EIn Vigorous Playing
THE STANLEY QUARTET joined by Louise Rood. guest violist, were
their usual selves last night. That is, they were energetic and en-
ergetic and enthusiastic in their performance, but their tone varied
from clear and clean to astringent.
Some of the lovelist sounds and styling came from the first violist
(who occasionally suffered from poor intonation) and the cellist who
played with vigor and was charming to watch.
The Quartet's approach to Mozart's soulful Quintet (K. 516) was
ovelrly clinical to begin with. The first violinist's antiseptic tone de-
tracted from some of the broadest, warmest string texture woven by
Mozart. This was the case especially in the first movement; but the
second movement adagio, on the other hand seemed too saccharine.
* - -
THE BARTOK QUARTET NO. 6 is probably the most popular
modern chamber work in Ann Arbor. This could only be in a college
A PLAN to reduce the number of American
troops now stationed in Germany, currently
under consideration in Washington, is indica-
tive of the growing trend of reliance on nuclear
weapons, both strategic and tactical, in the
Pentagon authorities explain that the cuts
would come from the supply and support troops
in each of the six infantry divisions in Germany
and would not detract from their combat ef-
fectiveness. They further state that the attempt
will be made to maintain this effectiveness
without necessarily employing nuclear weapons.
This view is not easy to accept. In the organ-
ization and operation of the modern infantry
division, it is these very support troops who
often determine the success or failure of the
fighting men in the front lines. Modern warfare
is largely a logistical battle. To cut the size of
these elements means that their logistical func-
tion must either be abandoned or shifted onto
the shoulders of the combat units.
Either way, a reduction in combat efficiency
results. The slack must be taken up by employ-
ing nuclear weapons, a move with far-reaching
IN THE EVENT hostilities commence and a
political decision not to utilize nuclear weap-
ons is rendered, this proposal to skimp on man-
power could be disastrous. It is a tried and
true principle of war that the committment
of forces to battle in a piecemeal fashion can
only end in their decimation. To send under-
armed or undermanned divisions into a fight
will have the same effect.
A notable example of such piecemeal disposi-,
tion of troops was the fight between the French
and Viet Minh at Dien Bien Phu, a battle in
which the courage and gallantry of the French
troops was overshadowed by the incredibly stu-
pid tactics of the French High Command. In-
stead of relieving the beleaguered outpost with
whole combat battalions, replacements were
parachuted in on an almost individual basis as
casualties were incurred. The result, a crushing
annihilation, is known to history.
Unless the ground forces of the United States
and her NATO allies are kept at full strength,
numerically and logistically, we stand to lose
the entire force under the weight of the massed
armies of Russia and her satellites,
TO MAINTAIN token or unprepared units in?
Germany is to invite a tragedy similar to the
one we suffered during the early days of the
Korean conflict. The United States should keep
her ranks. abroad fully manned or pull out
Half-way measures can lead only to grief.
Crime Prevention Doesn't Pay
By DREW PEARSON
Egyptian Economic Considerations
ALTHOUGH politics are the predominant
cause of the furore over Egypt's nationaliza-
tion of the Suez Canal Company, economic
considerations are also causing Great Britain
and France consternation.
Egypt nationalized the Company in order to
build the vitally necessary Aswan Dam with
the profits accruing from the operation of the
Canal. The seizure is clouded with high emo-
tional overtones, but it is in accordance with
international law-if Egypt pays Just compen-
sation to the former owners.
However, there seems to be some doubt
that Egypt will be able to pay full compensation
if she also wants to put most of its profits
toward building the dam. On this assumption,
it is expected by some that Egypt will increase
tonnage rates on shipping passing through the
Too drastic an increase threatens to render
use of the Canal uneconomical and Loss of the
waterway would not only weaken England's
ties with her Commonwealth, but also would
seriously endanger the economic well-being of
T MUST be remembered that Egypt wants to
increase revenues from the Canal Company,
not to decrease them. Construction of the
Aswan Dam depends on large amounts of ship-
ping through the Canal, now that the West has
Withdrawn its offer of financial aid to Egypt.
Therefore to assume that Egypt will either
blockade the Canal or make it uneconomical
to use the waterway does not seem probable.
But the problem of Egypt's ability to ade-
quately compensate the stockholders remains.
The Suez Canal Company reportedly earns
about $50 million net income rather than the
$100 million Nasser thinks the company can
make. It is possible, however, to effectively
cut expenses of the Company.
For instance, large directors fees now given
to the 10 English, one Dutch and 21 French
directors of the Company would now go to
Egypt. Egyptian workers on the Canal could
work for considerably less than English or
French workers. Then, unnecessary expenses
such as air-conditioned dredges on the Canal
could be dispensed with.
Whether such action would enable Egypt
to both start the dam and pay the stockholders
remains to be seen. Total value of the Company,
including Egypt's share is estimated at approxi-
mately $173 million. Unquestionably, payment
of compensation will be a heavy drain on
Egypt's economy, even with profits from the
MUCH OF Egypt's success in this enterprise
will depend upon England and France.
Egyptian credits amounting to about half a
billion dollars in those two countries could be
used to pay stockholders. If these credits were
unfrozen and other economic sanctions lifted
by England and France, Egypt could most likely
reach a satisfactory solution of the problem.
But if England and France persist with eco-
nomic sanctions, Egypt may well be driven
against its will to seek aid from Russia. It is
hard to believe that the West desires such
--MARY ANN THOMAS
Women on Union Steps
Another Bit of Progress
EQUALITY OF SOME sorts has come to the
campus of the University by the casting
aside of that ridiculous tradition of women
having to enter the Union via the side door.
We could hardly call this a feminine victory
since the new addition warranted such a
change, but it is still a step forward in the
progress of womens' rights.
Though many a campus male would like to
see this tradition revived for the mere purpose
of boosting the natural masculine egoism, such
action would be disastrous from the standpoint
of campus male-female public relations.
One doubts that a coed is particularly both-
ered by entering the Union through the side
door-but what hurts is that she must do it
merely because the men desire it, and for no
Women have battled and obtained the vote,
the right to attend universities, the right to
speak even when not spoken to, and now, at
long last, the privilege to walk up the sacred
front steps of the Michigan Union.
There are now no bounds for woman's pro-
T HIS IS a story about an Army
officer who fought vice in
Georgia and lost. It's a story that
you don't like to write, but which
has to be written.
Brig. Gen. Richard W. Mayor
retired yesterday after 30 years
in the Army, and after fighting
an uphill battle to clean out the
honky-tonks, the slot machines
and the prostitutes that waylay
soldiers outside Fort Stewart, an
area described as the Phenix City
A West Point graduate, Gen.
Mayor was transferred to Camp
Stewart in 1953 where he found
the VD rate the highest in the
Army. Whereas the average Army
VD rate was 67 VD cases per 1,-
000 men, Camp Stewart's rate
was 428 cases per thousand. He
launched a clean-up.
Camp Stewart is located 45
miles from Savannah, near the
tiny town of Hinesville. GI's
leaving the camp's gate had to
walk through "Combat Alley," a
row of dives where barmaids in
shorts serve whiskey and seduce
Responsible for law enforce-
ment in this area is Sheriff Paul
Sikes, who has given Liberty
County the reputation of being as
wide-open as its name. Gen. May-
or's clean-up hit directly at Sher-
iff Sikes who is a political sup-
porter of Sen. Richard Russell of
Georgia, powerful chairman of the
Senate Armed Services Committee.
A grand jury, called to con-
sider Gen. Mayor's demands for
a clean-up, indicted 44 and
charged that Sheriff Sikes "know-
ingly failed and neglected" to en-
force the law.
* * *
THE SHERIFF was called to
Atlanta for an ouster hearing be-
fore Gov. Talmadge, but suffered
a heart attack. He never attended
that hearing or any other. Each
time the Governor called a hear-
ing, the Sheriff was ill. Three years
passed. The Sheriff never did face
an ouster hearing, but he was well
enough to continue being Sheriff
and to be re-elected in the spring
of this year.
Meanwhile some queer political
maneuvers occurred to get the
vice-fighting General out of Geor-
gia. One day Gen. Alexander Bol-
ling, commander of the Third
Army, telephoned him.
"I've received a call from Wash-
ington that you've been offered
command of Fort Totten," he said.
"Did you ask your Senator to get
you out of here?"
Mayor had not. He said he liked
Camp Stewart, wanted to clean
it up, even though Fort Totten on
Long Island is considered a prize
post. The mysterious move to get
him out of Camp Stewart was
never cleared up. Gen. Mayor sus-
pected it developed through local
politicians and Senator Russell of
the Senate Armed Services Com-
* * *
MEANWHILE, Sheriff Sikes had
gone to Congressman Prince Pres-
ton to try to get Mayor trans-
ferred. Preston refused to inter-
vene. He also asked local Assem-
blyman Roscoe Denmark to in-
troduce a resolution in the Geor-
gia Legislature asking for Mayor's
recall. Denmark did not cooperate.
But in October, 1954, Mayor
came up before the Army Selec-
tion Board for promotion from
Brigadier to Major General.
Friends on the selection board
said they recommended him. But
nothing happened. His name
would have come before Senator
Russell. Higher-ups in the Penta-
gon never let it go that far.
Meanwhile, Sheriff Sikes, re-
elected in April, said he would end
the career of General Mayor. Sen-
ator Russell denies that he had
anything to do with General May-
or, has also told Georgia friends
of Mayor that he could not in-
tervene on Mayor's behalf.
Russell did, however, help to
get Camp Stewart transferred
from a temporary base or camp
to a permanent fort; though Gen-
eral Mayor had warned that unless
the area was cleaned up it might
not become a fort. When this was
accomplished, Russell sent a spe-
cial telegram to Sheriff Sikes in-
forming him of the victory.
* * *
SO MAYOR, with 30 years serv-
ice and a brilliant record, was re-
"He won plaudits for his mag-
nificent struggle against the ele-
ments which play on the military
population," wrote General Bol-
ling, his commanding officer.
"He is an outstandingly compe-
tent officer who applies himself
with vigor," wrote Gen. Tom Hick-
ey of the General Staff.
Yet when he came before the
Army Selection Board a second
time, he was passed over. So yes-
terday General Mayor finally took
off his uniform to become City
Manager of Gloucester, Mass.,
leaving "Combat Alley" with
its half-dressed barmaids, and its
shocking VD rate under the super.-
vision of Sheriff Sikes, who be-
lieves Liberty County should live
up to its name.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
The voices demanding self-gov-
ernment and a full measure of.
human dignity and opportunity
cannot lightly be ignored. Whether
they are "right" or "wrong" is be-
side the point. The rising expecta-
tions of Africa add up to a force
that will not be denied.
town or in Greenwich Village, but
it is difficult to think of a well
furnished apartment that does
not contain a record of this work.
It was played with rigorous con-
trol and keenly felt insight. From
the opening passage by the viola
to the final reappearance of this
theme, the work was competently
realized except in the 2nd move-
ment. Things there seemed to get
out of hand at the point where the
four instruments glide up and
down the string, producing a tense
Some sections of the work seem-
ed almost unfamiliar as projected
last night, but at all times, the
emotion of the music was well
Many people left the concert
after the Bartok, saying, either
that they could listen to no more
music that night after the labours
of Bartok, or (of Mozart) that if
you've heard one, you've heard
But the Mozart Quintet (K. 614)
that closed the program was light
and whimsical and very different
from the opening Quintet. It was
played briskly and briefly.
BEST DETECTIVE STORIES OF'
THE YEAR-1956, Edited by Da-
vid C. Cooke, Dutton.
What the title of this collection
means, of course, is "The Best
Short Stories of 1955." This is a
selection made yearly by David
C. Cooke from numerous Ameri-
can publications in which detec-
tive short fiction regularly ap-
Besides the present "Big Three"
in detective short story publica-
tions - "Ellery Queen's Mystery
Magazine" (with three selections),
"The Saint Detective Magazine"
(2) and "Manhunt" (2) - stories
have been chosen from the "Post"
(3), "The Elks Magazine" (1),
and "Male Magazine" (1).
To judge from the contents of
this volume, '55 was a rather slim
year for crime fiction. This re-
viewer, on the contrary, feels it
was a particularly good year. Per-
haps the difficulty encountered in
this collection is that the editor
makes an effort at being repre-
sentative - by magazine.
This reduces to some extent the
level of excellence of the tales. If
for example, he were to select
story material from only one
magazine - the best - "Ellery
Queen's Mystery Magazine" he
would come up with a far better
collection than the present one.
Queen himself has his own -
again superior - yearly collec-
tion of EQMM "prize" detective
tales, composed only of the prize-
winners in the annual EQMM
short story contest.
Even at that, the cream of only
the remaining EQMM short detec-
tive pieces would still make up an
excellent volume of "Best Stories."
-Donald A. Yates
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m,
the day preceding publication.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 265
Lecture in Social Psychology. The
first of a series of four public lec-
tures on social psychology will be given
by Prof. Fred Strodtbeck, associated
with a research project at the Univer-
sity of Chicago Law School, Mon., July
30, at 4:00 p.m. In the Rackham Amphi-
theater. Title: "Factors Which Impede
the Growth of Social Psychology." Suc-
ceeding lectures later in the week will
Demonstration-lecture, 7:00 this eve-
ning Aud. A. Angell Hall, by William
Stubbins, Associate Professor of Band
Instruments in the School of Musio.
"The Contribution of the Recorder
and Its Music to Music Eductaon."
Open to the public.
The Lady's Not For Burning, Christo-
pher Fry's comedy in verse, will be
presented by the Department of Speech
at 8:00 p.m. tonight in the Lydia Men-
Student Recital Cancelled: The voice
recital by Bonnie Glasgow, mezzo-
soprano, previously announced for
Wed. evening, Aug. 1, in Aud. A, Angell
Hall, has been cancelled. The new date
will be announced later.
Student Recital: Beryl Allen Town-
send, trombone, assisted by Virginia
Garrett, piano, John Visoky and John
Aolio trumpets, Charles White, French
horn, Gayle Grove, trombone, Nathan
Judson, euphonium, and Robert Whit-
acre, tuba, will present a recital at 8:30
p.m. Thurs., Aug. 2, in the Rackham
Assembly Hall. Townsend studies with
Glenn Smith, and his program, given
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the Master of Music degree,
will be open to the public.
Carillon Recital: Thurs., Aug. 2 7:15
p.m. by Percival Price, UniversityCar
Illonneur; compositions by Professor
Price: Six Romantic Fantasies, and Bal-
August Teacher Certificate Candi-
dates: The teacher's oath will be ad-
ministered to all August candidates
for the Teacher's Certificate during the
weeks of August 6 and 13 in 1437 U.E.S.
The office will be open from 8 a.m.
to 12 noon and 1:30 to 4:30 p.m. The
teacher's oath is a requirement for the
with slides. Open to the public
La Sociedad Hispanica, Department of
Romance Languages, weekly meeting,
Wed., Aug. 1, at 7:45 p.m. In the As-
sembly Hall, Rackham Building. An-
thony Pasquariello, assistant professor
of Spanish and Italian who has just
returned from a year 'in Spain, will
speak in Spanish on "Espana: Ciudad
moderna, ciudad de provincia, un con-
traste." his lecture will be illustrated
Mathematics Colloquium, Fri., Aug.
3, at 4 p.m., in Room 3010 A H. Dr.
William W. Boone, of the Institute for
Advanced Study, will speak on "Gen-
earlized Turing Machines and Group
Doctoral Examination for Sarah Law
Kennerly, Library Science; thesis:
"Confederate Juvenile Imprints: Chil-
dren's Books and Periodicals Published
in the Confederate States of America,
1861-1865," ed., Aug. 1, East Council
Room, Rackham Building, at 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, R. H. Gjelsness.
Doctoral Examination for Julia Bader
Leonard, Psychology; thesis: "A Study
of the Organization of Self-Percepts
Through Their Susceptibility to
Change," Wed., Aug. 1, 7611 Haven Hall,
at 1:00 p.m. Chairman, M. L. Hutt.
Doctoral Examination for John C.
Rowley, Philosophy; thesis: "Thermal
Stress in Elastic Plates Including Shear
Deformation," Thurs. Aug. 2, 1956, 220
Cest Engineering Bldg., at 1:00 p.m.
Chairman, P. M Nghdi.
Doctoral Examination for Dorothy K.
Howerton, Social Psychology; thesis:
"Interaction in Foster Boarding Fami-
lies," Thurs., Aug. 2, 7611 Haven Hall,
at 1:00 p.m. Chairman, R. Lippitt.
Doctoral Examination for Lien-Pei
Kao, Physics; thesis: "Theory of Iso-
thermal Galvanomagnetic Effects for
Single Crystals," Thurs., Aug. 2 203$
Randall Building, ta 3:00 p.m. 6hair-
man, Ernst Katz.
Doctoral Examination for Robert Har-
vey Davage, Psychology; thesis: "Ef-
fect of Achievement-Affiliation Motive
Patterns on Yielding Behavior in Two-
Person Groups," Thurs., Aug. 2, 7611
Haven Hall, at 3:30 p.m. Chairman, w.
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
International Control of Suez Preferred
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
True Wages of Neutralism
ByAJ. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
NO MATTER how the China-Burma situation
turns out, Burma has had a clear demon-
stration of the true wages of neutralism,
Burma, beset internally by two or three
different degrees of communism, has been
walking softly under the shadow of Red China
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
She has refrained from every sort of provo-
cation, although government troops have fought
indigenous Communist guerrillas, other dis-
affected factions and former Chinese National-
ists with impartiality.
W HEN THE Southeast Asia Treaty Organiza-
tion was being formed, Burma said no.
She prefered to try to walk her precarious
tight-rope alone. She has refused a mutual aid
arrangement with United States.
So now, with Chinese Red troops inside her
borders, she has no place to turn. If the inva-
sion turns out to be more than a border occu-
pation, she might ask for SEATO help and get
it. SEATO's chief objective is to preevnt war
anywhere in the area.
By WALTER LIPPMANN
THE timetable indicates that
President Nasser has for some
time had it in his mind that he
might seize the Suez Canal, and.
that a plan for doing it had almost
certainly been prepared before the
recent crisis over the Aswan Dam.
Only about a week elapsed between
Mr. Dulles's interview with the
Egyptian Ambassador, withdraw-
ing the offer to help finance the
Dam, and the seizure of the Can-
al. It is hard to believe that the
seizure, which required a series of
co-ordinated action, was impro-
vised suddenly in a few days. So
many Egyptian officials had to do
so many different things so quick-
ly that there must have existed a
carefully prepared plan.
Indeed, it now seems very prob-
able that when President Nasser
sent his Ambassador in Washington
to the State Department to accept
the nrevious offer to heln finance
to the late spring of this year, his
prestige at home and in the Arab
world were very great, in the main
because he seemed to have both
sides in the cold war bidding for
his favor. The symbol of that fa-
vor was the underwriting of the
Dam at Aswan, and once Nasser
realized that there might be no
bidders, his position at home and
in the Arab world was in desper-
ate danger. It was then, it would
seem, that he made ready to co-
ver the failure of the Aswan Dam
project by precipitating an inter-
national crisis over the Suez Can-
THIS VIEW is supported, it
seems to me, by the sheer de-
magoguery of his claim that by
nationalizing the Suez Canal, the
Egyptian government is now able
to build the Dam without foreign
aid. The profits of the Suez Canal
nal is not really a means to the
which not only maintains and even
augments Nasser's prestige, but
one which will only give him
strong new bargaining power,
With physical control of the oper-
ation of the Canal, he is in a po-
sition to exert pressure on the
countries that use the Canal. Even
if he adheres to his promise not
to raise the toll rate, he will con-
trol the administration, and will
be able to use his administrative
powers for his political purposes,
The Western nations, in taking
their decisions, will have to assume
that the Suez Canal is not only
trump which Nasser had up his
sleeve. In all probability the plan
for the seizure of the Canal is on-
ly one in a series of plans prepared
by Nasser and the revolutionary
leaders of the Arab world. All of
them, we must suppose, are aimed
at the liquidation of Western pow-
er and influence of North Africa
The first course, acceptance of
the seizure, is really impossible in
that it would invite, indeed pro-
voke, widespread imitation of Nas-
ser's triumph in humiliating the
West. We would have to expect
to see the nationalization of pipe
lines, oil fields, and installations
all over the Middle East. Nasser
would not only get the prestige
and the profits of his coup but he
would have good reason for be-
lieving that it is now safe to carry
out the other strokes to eliminate
Both the other courses call for
the use of sanctions-whether the
aim be to overthrow Nasser or to
compel him to regotiate. The sov-
ereign rule about sanctions-which
the experience of a generation has
taught us-is that they must not
be used at all unless they are used
deliberately and resolutely. There
is no use toying with sanctions, no