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July 19, 1955 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1955-07-19

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T SDAT, ,SET It 1 ,1sb :


. . "..

Sixty-Fifth Year

"We GotHere Early"



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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.

Bentley's Index of Suspects

SUDDENLY THE ostensibly dormant witch-
hunters are making the headlines again.
We realize now why there were no big exposes
of 'Comm'unists" and other "subversives" for
several months: FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover
has just reported that "under-cover FBI agents
are finding it increasingly difficult to pene-
trate the security net of Communist under-.
ground conspirators at work in this country."
But the FBI agents have been at work, and
with them some "anti-subversive" Congress-
men, including Michigan's own 'Rep. Alvin
Bentley. They haven't found much that's signi-
ficant-no evidence of plans to overthrow the
government. Yet they continue their hunt, and
to smear the names of honest and intelligent
Americans who have through the years fought
for civil liberties.
Rep. Bentley made the revelation last week
that six Ann Arborites allegedly signed a peti--
tion urging changes in the federal immigration
law,, otherwise known as the McCarran Inter-
nal Security Act. Because these people, along
with 67 other alleged signers, and hundreds of
non-signers, asked for modification of an im-
migration law that aims to keep anyone sus-
pected of ever having belonged to a Commun-
ist or Communist-sympathizing group out of
this country, (along with some other very rigid
and unjustifiable requirements) they are now
being labeled.
Note that Rep. Bentley is aiming to use good
tactics in revealing the list of signers: he says
"these individuals are not necessarily Com-
munists, Communist sympathizers or fellow
travelers"-yet we know that in the minds 'of
the public, anyone whose name appears on a.
list in 'the hands of the House Un-American
Activities Committee is subversive; Rep. Bent-
ley's statement is quite meaningless.
In addition to having their names added to
the lists that fill the files of the Un-American.
Activities Committee for allegedly signing this
petition, the six reputable Ann Arborites have
been listed for "alleged membership in or
signing a group petition linked to some organ-
izations listed as subversive by the Committee
or the Attorney General."
The importance of the word "alleged" here
cannot be over emphasized. Membership in
the organizations with which each man has
been linked by some omniscient human, is only
alleged, in the first place. There seems to be

no evidence that an attempt was made to ver-
ify membership in some of the groups with
which several of the men have been associated.
In fact, some of the associations cited are
completely false.
IN THE SECOND place, in the cases where.
membership can be verified, we are given
no explanation of why that organization is
considered subversive by the Attorney General,
his under-cover FBI assistants or the House
Un-American Activities Committee. Looking at
the titles of the groups, such as "Civil Rights
Congress," "Mid-Century Conference for
Peace," "American Council of Soviet Relations,"
"Bill of Rights Conference," "American Youth
for Democracy," it can easily be seen that mak-
ing a statement favoring fairness and revivi-
fication of truly democratic practices has now
become a "subversive" act-for in most cases,,
these have been the aims of the groups for
which the six men have been "charged" with
What is so dangerous about a list like Rep.
Bentley's is: 1) the word "alleged" when re-
ferring to membership in a group is often left
out, both by the people making charges and
those speaking about them. Even this reporter
in a moment of haste left out that word, yet
no where has proof been given that these men
were members of cited organizations.
2) The "subversiveness" of an organization
is decided upon by a small, totalitarian-minded
group that has gone to extremes for years in,
demanding we be rid of all subversives. The
names of tolerant, intelligent good citizens
are smeared because they are now on lists of
"subversives" composed by the witch hunting
The danger of Communism is the scare it
causes that there is a well-organized conspiracy
to overthrow the government. Mistrust of ev-
ery liberal group in the country will eventually
result; we can see it growing by looking at
Rep. Bentley's list. In an attempt to keep our
country secure, the frightened people would
prosecute anyone not waving the Stars and
Stripes. In the end we have a more rigid de-
mand for conformity than even the Soviet Un-
ion has ever known.
Communism can best be defeated by an ef-
fective democracy. When labels are given to
persons who publicly fight to defend, that de-
mocracy, totalitarianism has won a victory.


Goddard Group .

. .

What's Behind Red Sugar?

GENEVA-The most important question on
everyone's mind in Geneva is whether the
new sweetness and light exuded by the Rus-
sians is here to stay and what is behind it. Will
it be reversed in a day, a week or a year?
Secretary Dulles has told Senators it's be-
cause :Russia is now weak. President Eisenhow-
er has said that .,on the contrary, Russia is
strong. Frankly, nobody knows the answer. Yet
the answer is all-important if any agreements
made at Geneva are to be worth the ink they're
signed with.
European diplomats of long experience with
whom I have talked come nearest to giving an
answer. Namely, that while Russia is strong
militarily, she is weak politically and econom-
ically; also, finally has discovered she may have
a treacherous friend in the form of Red China.
It's long been known that the Kremlin was-
n't happy about the boisterous boys who have
been running Communist China. But on top of
this, party leader Krushchev made a trip to
China last fall, where the Red Chinese made
some economic demands which Russia could-
n't possibly fill, and also made Khrushchev
realize that the day might come when China's
600,000,000 people might turn against Russia's
200,000,000. At such a time Russia will need
J HRUSHCHEV ALSO found that Russia was
In no position to risk a war or stand up in
any tough way against the west, despite its
amazing progress in planes and guided missiles.
European diplomats have made a careful
study of Russian weaknesses, and perhaps the
best answer to the Kremlin's diplomatic
strength or lack of it is to look at the results
of that study.
AMAZING FRANKNESS-Here is part of it,
taken from the amazingly frank statements
of Soviet leaders themselves>.. "Some party
leaders have acquired the habit of talking only
about successes. They avoid discussions of

shortcomings and difficulties," opined the blunt
new boss of Soviet Russia, Nikita Khrushchev.
in a three-hour harangue before the Com-
munist Party's Central Committee on Jan. 25,
1955 . . . "It is necessary,"he continued, "to
cut down the impermisibly great losses of grain
during the harvest. It is completely intoler-
able that delays in harvesting on many collec-
tive farms have resulted in losses of up to a
quarter of the standing crop-and sometimes
more." . . . "Many officials go no further than
making speeches and drafting resolutions on
fodder and do not organize a resolute struggle
to increase the fodder production," continued.
Communist Secretary Khrushchev.
the situation in regard to the construction of
silos and silage pits?" he asked the assembled
Communist conclave. "Very bad," he answered
his own question . .. "There have been cases
of the machine and tractor station mowing the.
grass on collective farms, reporting fulfillment
of the haying plan with MTS workers even
receiving bonuses for this, while the hay on the
collective farms remained ungather because it
was not raked or stacked." . . . "If your name
is a cow," proclaimed the baldheaded Khrush-
chev, quoting the poet Mayakovsky, "you must
give milk and have an udder. If you have neith-
er milk nor an udder, to the devil with your
name." And Khrushchev went on to quote fig-
ures showing that the Soviet cow population
had dropped half a million between 1928 and
1952, while the beef cattle had been reduced by
220,000 . . . He did not mention, of course, the
reason why-namely, that Russian peasants,
called upon to sell their livestock to the state,
butchered and ate it instead.
have been equally frank about other difficul-
ties. "Officials of the building industry," said
the same baldheaded blunt-speaking Khrush-
chev, "have no reason to give themselves airs.
They should learn something from our friends
in Czechoslovakia. Certain comrades learn lit-
tle from others, and what is most important,
they don't want to learn." . .. "I visited a new
hotel at Sverdlovsk. The bathrooms had been
very badly built and the standard of decorative
work was not high. Pipes in the sanitation
unit were covered with rust. The joints between
the pipes had been very badly made and I, as
of quotas on sewing machines, watches, bicyc-
a former steamfitter, was extremely indignant."
... "The machine-building industry fell short

To The Editor:
Daily Editor Cal Samra is to be
warmly commended for expos-
ing. the alertness and basic un-
democracy of the protest of the
Goddard Group to the Committee
on Faculty Responsibility,
With the candor of a National
League to Protest Us from Egg-
headry, the Goddard Statement
reveals that the committee report
-an achetype of ethical maturity
and emotional restraint - is "art-
ful" and "dialectically skillful." in
contrast, Mr. Samra's editorial
spotlights in the statement itself
a dialectical gaucherie which if
not so pitiful would be incredible
coming from such a source. One
suspects, indeed, that the displeas-
ure of the Five is ultimately trace-
able to the failure to really under-
stand the report. But perhaps we
can expect no more from those
who disseminate "the quixotic sus-
picion that this University is be-
ing or perhaps will be infiltrated
by Communists, and that there is,
alas, no defense."
The University, as implicitly
conceived by the Goddard Group,
benevolent social institution which
uncomfortably recalls another
Philip Wylie was wont to call
Mom. Devotion to freedom and
truth and othernsuch nasty ab-
stractions must not be allowed to
interfere with the care and feeding
and social succor of one's charges.
Mom, we can be sure, would not
approve. The symbology of this
pathetic mystique has already been
elevated to the level of honorary
degrees for homely poets and cor-
poration presidents.
It is precisely the welfare of our
University - and of universities
generally - that is being threat-
ened by such opinion. Restrictions
of the type suggested by the AAU
and the Goddard Group undermine
the very basis of democratic learn-
ing. They whittle away at freedom
till universities crumble and civili-
zations are no longer civilized. In-
New Books
At the Library
Brennecke, H. J.-Cruise of the
Raider HK-33. New York, Crowell
Company, 1955.
Davenport, Russell-The Dig-
nity of Man. New York, Harper,
Donovan, Robert J.-The Assas-
sins. New York, Harper, 1955.
Dreyfuss, Henry-Designing for
People. New York, Simon & Schus-
ter, 1955.
Edelman, Maurice-A Dream of
Treason. New York, Lippincott,
Edgell, David P.-William Ellery
Channing: An Intellectual Por-
trait. Boston, Beacon Press, 1955.
Holbrook, Stewart - James .J.
gil.R. . r.. T F.. . _ Q - .. . - - T.t

principals are corrupted to respond
to ephemeral public neuroses.
We in the universities are the
principal custodians of democratic
thought. For our own good and
the good of theuwhole people, we
cannot let ourselves be intimidated
by the wolf-cries of the public or
the politicians or the timorous
among us. We cannot permit em-
barrassment or invective or even'
inquisitions to dilute our faith
and obstruct our mission. The
reputation of a university must not
depend on public relations, but on
tegrity yields to expedience, and

academic excellence - or the lack,
of it. As most everyone knows, the
reputations of those institutions,
which have 'bartered off ' their
souls for a tenuous peace with the
demagogues provide little to a- .
rouse our envy..
Though no ser-respecting gad-
fly could oppose- the report of the.
committee chaired- by Professor
Hawley, enough milktoasts were
buttonholed to- reject it. The deep
gratitude of this writer and bun-
dreds like him is extended to the
317 who were counted for freedom.
-Jack Danielson

"The Letters of W. B. Yeats,"
edited by Allan Wade. MacMilu..
Ian Company, New York, $9.50.1
ters, spanning the years 1887
to 1939, must force this fact ever
more clearly on the reader's mind:
His was one of the most unusual
literary careers in history. The,.
Irish poet died 16 years ago Jan-1
uary last and one could have ex-
pected his poetry to pass into an
almost total eclipse in the years
following, since that is customary
fate - witness Hardy, perhaps
Yeats' greatest rival. The opposite,
happily, seems true. Aiyone who1
cares about great poetry and po-.
etic drama cares about Yeats, and
it would have been painful to see
him forgotten in first years post
"Collected Poems" appeared inY
1949, assembling late work and all
Yeats wanted preserved from more.
than a dozen earlier volumes. It'
is this book which secures his]
place as "the one great poet of
our time." Next came "Collected^
Dramas," in 1951, and the "Auto--'
biographies," in 1952. The "Let-
ters" all but complete the corpusj
of his work now available; lac-I
ing is a new edition of his essays
and his philosophic work, "A Vi-
Yeats' failure to be eclipsed is
one amazing fact, but no more
amazing than another: At 43 in
1908 Yeats saw his -"Collected
Works" published and knew his
fame secure. Secure in literary
history as the last and best of the
'nineties poets, whose number in-j
chided Lionel Johnson, Ernest
Dowson, Arthur Symonds, he would
have been remembered as a minor
poet, the exquisite lyricist of "The
Lake. Isle of Innisfree."
Yet he became in the "many-
times, many-troubled' years after
1900 the driving force in the Irish.
revival, and its chief spokesman inj
poetry, drama, and politics. In 19.
23 he received the Nobel prize--1
two years before Shaw was hon-
ored-and in the fifteen years re-
maining to him became the. mo-
dern poet who overshadows the
stoutest of contemporaries. The
award which so frequently has1
marked the end of a career sep-
arates, roughly, his, middle and
late periods.
Yeats' letters conktiitte an au-
tobiographical comment unlikehis
designed, carefully wrought "Au-
tobiographies." They are not let-
ters like those written self-con-
sciously by the Adamses with their
sense of history and an awareness
of playing a Part in It, Nor are
Yeats' letters self-consciously liter-
:ary, like those of .;eats, mostly
because Keats correspondedwith
little purpose other than writing
(sometimes his first drfts), while
widely-ctive Yeats used letters to
discharge the many affairs of a
poet, editor, playwright, and poll-
'tician. If a comparison is sought,
you must look to Byron's letters,
excepting the amatory ones' the
English poet wrote toa succession
of mistresses.
Indeed, there is something of a
parallel in the lives of the two
poets: both were dedicated to
causes, were public figures in.and
out of. literature, and both, won
either affection or -dislike from
those they met. They were not
such men as made. a neutral im-
pression. Yeats, again like Byron,
had male- friends of many' years
standing; but needed the friend-
ship of women to reveal his inner-
The letters are to many persons,
but Katharine Tynan, Mrs. Olivia
Shakespear (Ezra Pound's mother-
in-law, and.Pound's admittance to
Yeats' friendship and employ),
Lady Augusta Gregory, George
Russell (AE), and John Butler

Yeats (the poet's father), figure
large, and the most interesting let-
ters are to these persons. Yeats'
letters whether written by himself.
or dictated show haste; grammar,
punctuation, precision# are often
wanting; none-the-less, there are
stunning 'moments.
Writing to George Russell who,
depended Much on him, Yeats says
(January 1808):
"Every change of life, everything
that takes one out of old habits,
even a change for the better.
troubles one at first. But remern-,
her always that now yfu are face
to face with Ireland, itstragedy
andj its poverty, 'and-, if we would.
express Ireland we must know her
to the heart and in all her moods.
You will be a far more powerful.
mystic and poet and teacher- be-
cause of this knowledge. This
change of life wilt test you as a.
man and a thinker and' if you can
gradually build up a strong life,
out of it you will be a bigger soul'
in all things. You are face to face
with the heterogeneous, and' the
test of one's harmony is our pow-r
er to absorb it and' make it bar-
m.m ..it .-dutv, the o harms ha_


found influence, perhaps a greater
influence on Yeats than any other
person except Maud Gonne. The
letters to his father are uniformly
good; in March 1912, he wrote:
'It is always such a. long re.
search getting down to one's exact
ignorance and knowledge. I re-
member your once writing to me,
that all good art is good just in
so far as it 'is intimate. It always
seems to me that that intimay J,
comes only from personal sincer-
ity. The hardest'thing of all to get
rid. of is the affectation of know-
ledge which is contained in cer-
tain forms of words. If you write
on a subject it is usual to assume
you' know all the facts'that'*rm
known and have all the necessary
faculties to interpret them; Yet
this assumption is never. realy
Not always is Yeats in a serious
mood. Sometimes he presents de.
lightful pictures of well-knowrt
persons;' in the course of a. letter
Yeats praises Augustus John's'
skill as a draughtsman, ad re-
Veals -his own:
"Augustus John, has been stay-
ing'at Cople. He came there to do
an etching of me for the 'collect
edition . . . I don't know what
John will make of me. He made a
lot of sketches with the brush and
the pencil to work the etching
from. when he went home z, felt
rather a martyr going to han._Th
students consider him the greatest
living draughtsman, the only mo-
dern who can draw like an .d
master .... He exaggerates every
hill and hollow of the face till one
looka like a gypsy, grown old in
wickedness and hardship. If, one
looked like any of his pitures the
country women would tike th
clean clothes of f the hedges wen
one passed, as they do at the sight
of a tinker. He is himself a delight,
the most innocent-wicked, man I
have ever met. He wears earrings,
his hair down to his shoulders, a
green velvet collar . .. He climbed
to the top of the highest tree in
Coole garden and carved a symbol
there. Nobody else has been able
to get up to' know what it is; een
Robert stuck, half 'way. NO.. Is at
magnificient looking person, and
looks the wild creature he is ..
He is certainly a great etcher, with
a savage imagination."
'Poetry: A Magazine orf Verse"
got underway in 1912 and offered
sa prize of $250 for the best. eem
published in its pages during its
first year; Yeats was awarded the
prize for "The Grey Rock," and
declined complete acceptance.
Sampling the letters ies no
indicationof their worth and de-
light. They are:a.commonplace
book kind of autobiography,: but
give greater breadth and depth' be-
cause different aspects of Th* p-
et's personality are revealed to
different correspondents. The 'Abs
bey Theatre's early history could
almost be written from the let-
ters here collected.
There are no letters to Maud
Gonne, but that is just as Well
since they could not compare to
the love poems written fort her.
Yeats' love poems to Maud onne
will bear comparison with any in
the tongue. Think of such lines U
"I knew a phoenix in mny yuh
so let them have their day," "Was
there another Troy for her to
burn," "She is foremost of those
that I would hear praised," and
more; passion, you realize, wasn't.
exclusive to the poets of the earlier
17th century.
In a poem entitled "The Muni-k
cipal Gallery Revisited" Yeats re
called the "images of. thirty years"
-persons with whom ihe worked
for art and' for Ireland. The poeit
ends with a couple so fine it s
well bring the reader from his
chair, cheering: "Think where

man's glory most begins and ends,
And say my glory was I hadsuch
friends." These letters reiterate
what, his friends long have, been
saying: That In All he attended
Ireland'= and literature's great'
glory was, and for numberless
years will be, William uItler eats.
--Russell C. Gregory
CP..Outlacwr y? Y
"I would. call a halt to all
schemes, formulated in hysteria,
for the outlawing of the Cb m-
munist party in the tnited States
..I do not like either the
American Communists or their
political, party.It is one thing to
dislike, a movement- profoundly~,
even to regard it as poten tia l rev-
olut unary and correspondinglY ,
dangerous, and quite another thing
to deal with it by the statutory
ban of outlawry. 'The latter is the
codrse of men of little im agina-
tion. So long as it is hunay?
possible, and as much as posibile,
I would keep the Connunists out
In, the open. I. would hae, them
.. U, a . -senah a c hei1

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editoriai responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. N tices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication (be-
for 10 a.m. on Saturday.) Notice of.
lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
TUESDAY, JULY 19, 1955
State of Oregon, Board of Health,
announces an opening for an Audio-
metrist to work in an established
state-wide hearing conservation pro-.
gram. Requires graduation from four
year college or university with major
in speech correction and hearing, or
psychology, working knowledge of the
operation of audiometers and testing
procedures, and ability to administer
group pure tone and individual tests
and obtain valid determinations.
Board of U. S. Civil Service Examiners.
announces vacancies for Chemists, Ra-
diological Biologists, Electronic Scien-
tists, Mathematicians, Physicists, Sta-
ticians, and Engineers-Aero., Chem.,
Elect., Gen'l., Ind., Mech., and Ordnance
for Research and Development in Caii-
fornia with the Navy Dept.
New York State Civil Service
announces exams for the following
positions: Sr. Chem. E., Sr. Arch.
Draftsman, Highway Gen'l Maintenance
Foreman, Highway Light Maintenance
Foreman, Estate Tax Examiner, Jr.
Compensation Claims Auditor, Institu-
tion Education Supervisor, Farm Pro-
ducts Inspector, and Sr. Clerk (Under-
A research lab. at Wayne University
has an opening for a Bio-chemist.
Jewish Vocational Service, Detroit,
Michigan, has openings for a Senior
Psychologist and vocational Counselor,
Senior Vocational Counselor, and a
V o c a t i o n a 1 Counselor-Psychologist.
These positions require _ Master's de-
gree and experience in vocational service
or related field.
American National Red Cross has a
continuing need for college men and
women to fill staff positions in service
programs carried on in domestics and
overseas areas. Men with degrees in
social work, social studies, or related
fields are needed as Assistant Field
Directors. Positions as Recreation Work-
ers, Case Aides, Assistant Field Directors
and Field Directors are open to women
who have degrees in recreation leader-
ship, sociology, social work, social
sciences, psychology, music, physical

will speak on "The Separation Factor in
Comparative Linguistics" Tues., July 19;
7:30 p.m. in Rackham Ampitheater,
Summer Progran In Russian Studies:
Round-table discussion, Tues., July. 18,
8:00 p.m., west conference room, Rack-
ham Building. Dr. Lazar Volin, U. S.
Department of Agriculture: "Soviet
Farming - Achilles Heel?"
His Excellency Abba Eban, Ambassador
of Isreal, will speak on "The Near East
Past and Present" at 4:15 p m. in
Aud. C, Angell Hall, Wed.,. 'July ' 20,.
auspices of the Department of Near'
Eastern Studies. Open to the public.
Academic Notices
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics
Tues., July 19,' at 1:00 p.m. In room
3201 A. H. Donald Lamphiear will, con-
tinue his discussion of D. 0. Chapman'as
paper, "Estimation of Biological Popu-
Mathematics Colloquium. Tues.. July.
19, at 4:10 p.m., in Room 3010 Angell
Hal. Prof. H. W. Kuhn of Bryn Mawr
College, will speak on "An Application
of Linear Programming in Combinator-
ial Problems." Lemonade will be served;
at 3:45 in 3212 A.H.
Sociology Lunch for staff and stu-
dents in the Sociology Department.
Wed., July 20, 12:00 m.--1:00 p.m.,
Sociology Lounge, 5th floor, Haven Hail'
Bring own ,food.
Doctoral Examination for Benjamin
Morgan Lewis, Library Science; thesis:
"A History and Bibliography of Amert-
can Magazines, 1800-1810," Wed., July.
20, East Council Room, Rackham Bldg.,
at 2:00 p.m. Chairman, R. H. ljelsness.
University Woodwind Quintet, Nelson.
Hauenstein, flute, Albert Luconi, clari-
net, Florian Mueller, oboe, Clyde .Cat-
penter, French horn, and Lewis Cooper,
bassoon, will be heard at 8:30 p.m.
Wed., July 20, in Rackham Assembly
Hall. Beethoven's Quintet, Op. 71, -Le-.
febvre's Suite, Op. 57, Mueller's Pieces
for Woodwind Quintet, and Nielsen's
Quintet, Op. 43. Concert in conjunction
with the 7th National Band Conductors
Conference July 18-22. Open to the gen-
eral public without charge.
Events Today
Students of Russian invited .to have
tea with the faculty members of the,
Slavic Department. Intenati'onal Center,
3:30 to 5:00 p.m., Tues., July 19.
square Dancing tonight, 7:30-10:30
p.m., Lane Hall. Grey Austin, caller.



The Daily Staff

Editorial Board
Pat Roelofs

Jim Dygert

Cal Samra

Mary Lee Dingier, Marge Piercy, Ernest Theodossin
Dave Rorabacher..........................Snorts Editor

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