The Faculty Five
And Academic Freedom
See Page 2
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXV, No. 198 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 15, 1955
.ai-za m in
COMPLETED -- ONLY RECENTLY COMPLETED, THE CHILDREN'S PSYCHIATRIC UNIT
LOCATED BEHIND UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL WILL BE OPEN IN AUGUST.
Newsman Admits Communist ties
WASHINGTON (A) -New York
'Times reporter Ira Henry Freeman
said yesterday he was a Com-
munist party member for a year
back in the 1930s.
He said he quit because he foundt
t Communist meetings "inept and
futile . . . dull and fruitless."
Freeman thus became the second
Times reporter to tell the Senate
Internal Security subcommittee he
was a Red in the 1930s. The other,
Charles Grutzner, also said he left
the party when he became dis-
illusioned about the Communists.
Barnet Remained Silent
A third Times man, Melvin Bar-
FAR EAST COMMAND REPORTS:*
Commuinist Air Power
Moved To Asian Sites
TOKYO (Am) - United States Far East Air Forces estimates that
almost one-third of the Communist world's aii' power has been moved
It also has taken note of a gradual shift southward from Man-
churia and North Korea in Communist air power in the past year.
"Such a shift would support any program to 'liberate' Formosa,"
commented Col. James T. Stewart, FEAF assistant deputy for
operations, at a military breifing for visiting United States newsmen.
Most Serious Threat
Stewart said Communist air power, with its weapons of mass
-%destruction, remains the most seri-
On Jet Issue
WASHINGTON (A') - Rep. C.
Vinson (D-Ga) has told 'Rep. Ruth
Thompson (R-Mich) she was a
"victim of circumstances beyond
your control" in a dispute over
the site for a proposed Michigan
jet fighter base.
He said he was aware Secretary
of the Air Force Talbott had told
Miss Thompson the Air Force had
chosen a site in Benzie County,
Mich., for the base even before its
construction had been approved by
Vinson's committee in 1954. .
"There was every reason," Vin-
son said, "for you to rely upon
that statement in making the an-
nouncement to the people of your
"Unfortunately, the chain of
events which followed produced
an entirely different result and I
have never ceased to regret that
the new result was not only detri-
mental to your previously an-
nounced position, but unjustifiably
embarrassing to you personally."
Talbott switched from the Ben-
zie County site to one near Cad-
illac in November, 1954, after the
armed services group protested the
Benzie site was too close to the
National Music Camp at Inter-
The House Appropriations Coi-
mittee then held up 81/2 million
dollars Congress had voted for
A committee aide said 0-
day the Air Force's report prob-
ably will come before the Ten.V
~Appropriation~s Subcommittee next
Data on Petitioners
WASHINGTON (PI--Rep. Al-
vin Bentley (R-Mich) yesterday
made public information fur-
nished by the House Un-American
Aetiiyi tip iH P~ cncern~iing~
ous immediate threat to free world
security even though Communist
nations have "a huge combineds
ground army and a significant t
number of long-range submarines."
Stewart said a steady buildup t
of Communist air power in recenti
years has produced a Red air
strength in the Far East of 7,0002
to 8,000 aircraft, against which the
United States has in this area less x
than 2,000 planes.I
One-Third of Total
He said the Communist aircraftX
were built by Soviet Russia andc
represent almost a third of the
total now in existence in Russia t
and satellite nations.
The estimated total of enemy
craft in the Far East includes:
1. About 3,000 jet fighters, large-
ly MIG15 types used in the Korean
2. From 500 to 700 IL28 light1
jet bombers-"These are our maint
concern. They have the range tof
carry atomic bombs against tar-
gets in Japan, Korea, the Ryukyus
and the Philippines."
3. 200 medium piston-engine
bombers of the B25 type.z
4. 200 TU4 four-engine B29-typeC
medium bombers "with enought
range to strike any target in the
5. Several hundred light piston-
engine bombers and attack and
HAMILTON AIR FORCE BASE,
Calif. (P A Strategic Air Com-
mand Globemaster which flew
more than 700 miles over the fog-
shrouded Pacific with two of its
engines dead and 87 men aboard,
landed at this base at 10:08 p.m.
The big C124 transport, com-
manded by a Capt. Roosevelt, had
been escorted for the last three
hours by all available rescue planes
on the Pacific coast, although Air
Force offices insisted that the
plane never was in real danger and
that the extra precautions were
taken be'cause of the number of
passengers, all of the 187th Regi-
net, told the senators Wednesday
he is not now a Communist but
vouldn't answer qusetions about
party membership a dozen years
He refused to answer on grounds
if possible self-incrimination and
he Times fired him.
Grutzner's name popped up a-
gain Thursday with the appear-
ance of Ansel Talbert, military and
aviation editor of the New York
Talbert said that while he and
Grutzrer were war correspondents
in Korea in 1950, Grutzner filed a
story with Gen. George C. Strate-
meyer, then Far East commander,
described as "one of the most
serious security breaches of the
Reported Use of Sabre Jets,
This story reported the first-use
of F86 Sabre jet fighters against
he Reds in Korea and ,Grutzner
said, officers in the field refused
to clear it for publication.
Grutzner said he filed it with a
notation to the Time to get Penta-
gon clearance before using it; the
Times has reported it got the
Chairman Eastland (R-Miss.)
said Thursday he had received a
telegram from Turner Catledge,
managing editor of the Times, on
the subject and ordered it placed
in the record.
The Catledge message contained
a copy of a memorandum dated
July 8 from Glen Stackhouse, a
United Press correspondent of
Korean days, in reply to a tele-
phone query from Grutzner.
Stackhouse said that the same
day Grutzner filed his story to New
York, he filed his own account of
the P86 story to his own office' in
Tokyo, by telephone.
Chinese Knew Anyway
The Stackhouse memo said it
was ridiculous to assert that
Grutzman was guilty of q. security
leak, since the Chinese Reds "by
that time were well aware of pres-
ence of Sabres having been in
combat with them."
Freeman said he was recruited
into the Communist Party by, Mil-
ton Kaufman, then executive sec-
retary of the American Newspaper
Guild and another person, since
WASHINGTON () - Senators
who investigated the question of
"who promoted Peress?" reported
yesterday the case was compound-
ed by 48 errors, including poor
judgment and improper coordina-
Five Army generals, among oth-
ers, were named by the Senate
Investigations subcommittee as
guilty of errors in the case of the
promotion and honorable discharge
of Maj. Irving Peress, after he had
refused to say whether he was a
The subcommittee's report, sign-
ed by six of its seven members,
raised no question of subversion in
the handling of the Peress case
by the military.
Bender Refuses to Sign
The seventh subcommittee mem-.
ber, Sen. Bender (R-Ohio), refused
to sign. He said the report should
have stated specifically that there
was no evidence to support the
suggestion, raised by Sen. Joseph
McCarthy (R-Wis.), that some
"Communist mastermind" in the
Pentagon was involved.
Peress was a Brooklyn dentist
who had entered the Army Jan. 1,
1953, with the rank of captain. He
was promoted to major Nov. 3,
1953, although he had refused to
state on Army forms whether he
was a Communist. He also refused
later to answer questions raised
by Sen. McCarthy, then chairman
of the subcommittee, about alleged
Sen. McCarthy wrote the Army
on Feb. 1, 1954, it ought to hold up
the honorable discharge; the sena-
tor had been demanding a court-
martial for Peress instead.
Peress Honorably Discharged
However, the day after McCar-
thy sent his letter, Peress was
honorably discharged, leaving with
the rank of major. The subcom-
mittee charged yesterday that
Army counselor John G. Adams,
since resigned, "showed disrespect
for the subcommittee when he
chose to disregard" Sen. McCar-
DETROIT (A') - The largest
city in Michigan, by slogan the
"Water Wonderland," clamped a
ban on all but essential use of
The Detroit city water manager,
Laurence G. Lenhardt, termed the
water pressure situation a "grave
Householders were asked not to
sprinkle lawns for the next two
days. Officials of 42 suburban
communities which use Detroit
water were urged to cooperate in
the emergency plan.
Lenhardt said the city's reser-
voirs were "dangerously low."
With temperatures hitting the
90-plus mark and no rain for a
week and a half, Detroit water
pumpage was expected today to
set an all-time daily record of
To Ready Geneva Plans
As 'Very Summit'
MOSCOW (P) -Communist
party boss Nikita S. Krushchev and
Marshal Georgi K. Zhukov, de-
fense minister, are going to the
Geneva conference with Premier
Nikolai A. Bulganin.
The Premier said yesterday this
means the Soviet delegation "is the
Krushchev, Zhukov, Bulganin,
Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov
and Deputy Foreign Minister An-
drei Gromyko will make up the
five-man Soviet delegation, the
The official announcement call-
ed this a "government delegation."
Khrushchev technically is not a
member of the government, though
he is a member of Parliament.
Thursday night Khrushchev and
Bulganin headed a group of lead-
ers helping celebrate Bastille Day
at the French Embassy. Reporters
buttonholed both of them to' in-
quire about the announcement
made a few hours before.
At the Very Summit
"The composition of our delega-
tion is the very summit," Bulganin
said. "For instance, how could we
discuss disarmament at Geneva
unless Defense Minister Zhukov
Walter Walmsley, United States
charge d'affairs, commented that
army men might be more'interest-
ed in arms than in disarmament,
and the goateed Bulganin retorted:
"I do not think so. I have said
before and I say' again that no-
body understands the terrors and
hardships of war better than sol-
diers. We know what war is."
Khrushchev, just as amiably
chatty as he was at the July 4
party of the American Embassy,
joined in toasts to French-Soviet
friendship and success at Geneva.
He said the delegation would leave
for Geneva Saturday.
MIDLAND, Mich., () - Two
Dow Chemical Co. employes
claim to have developed a
chemical that will preserve the
head on a glass of beer.
George K. Greminger, Jr., of
Midland, and Miles A. Weaver,
of Ithaca, were granted a patent
on the chemical and have as-
signed the rights to Dow.
They said beer treated with
the chemical - hydroxypropyl
methyl cellulose-will retain its
head six to 10 times longer than
untreated beer. The foam pre-
server doesn't affect the color or
taste of the brew, they say.
It works on bottles or tap
FRENCH BEAUTY - Marilyn Doyle, Grad., won the "Miss Bas-
tille" contest last night, as a part of the French national July 14
Storming-of-the-Bastille local celebration. The winner, whose
prizes include a bottle of perfume and a book of French short
stories, sang a Gallic version of "Deep Purple" prior to the
Senate Expresses Hopes
Over Russian Sattelite
WASHINGTON (P),- The Senate proclaimed its hope for the
freeing of Soviet sattelite nations yesterday and then with several
members expressing misgivings, took a stand against colonialism.
The resolution putting the Senate on record as hoping that the
captives of "alien despotism" will regain the right of self-government
was adopted 89-0 on the eve of President Dwight D. Eiseniower's
departure for the Geneva Big Four summit talks.
It contained no specific mention of communism, Soviet Russia,
or the Geneva talks, but Senate Republican Leader William R. Know-
sland (R-Calif.) said there is "only
PARIS (M)-Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles arrived here
yesterday and went to work on
proposals the Americans, British
and French will put to the Rus-
sians when they meet "at the
summit" in Geneva next week.
A United States spokesman re-
fused to answer questions about
what the proposals contain. It
seemed certain French agreement
must have meant inclusion of
Premier Edgar Faure's plan for
the big powers to cut slices from
their defense budgets and pool
these savings in a fund to raise
living standards in poor countries.
Alo expected to be among the.
Western proposals were plans for:
1. Unifying West Germany and
Communist East Germany, under
cerefully supervised free elec-
2. Cutting atomic and other
arms under a system of interna-
A group of American, British
and French experts finished their
list of topics and detailed propo-
sals only yesterday morning. The
United States, spokesman said Sec.
Dulles spent three hours yesterday
going over the work with Jacob
Beam, chief of the United States
experts,. and the men under him.
Calls on Minister
Dulles paid a quick call to
French Foreign Minister Antoine
Pinay. Afterward Pinay told re-
porters he thought the Geneva
conference may start a long se-
ries of negotiations, and lay a
solid basis for peace.
British Foreign Secretary Har-
old Macmillan commented that
the Geneva session had been ar-
ranged with the idea of beginning
" a new series of negotiations, by
which patiently, one by one, we
can get the solutions we are look-
This morning, after a meeting
with his staff, Dulles goes into
session with Pinay and MacMillan
DETROIT (') - A statement by
American Motors Corp. that it has
rejected a union contract proposal
patterned after the General Motors
and Ford layoff-pay agreements
set off a fight yesterday.
The CIO United Auto Workers
denied a proposal on that basis
had been made the company and
charged American Motors with
having "dishonestly" taken union
negotiation remarks "out of con-
Leonard Woodcock, a UAW-CIO
vice president and chief negotiator,
attacked statements made yester-
day by Edward L. Cushman, vice
president in charge of American
Motors industrial relations.
"Cushman has taken remarks
made in negotiations dishonorably
out of context and put them in a
press release," Woodcock said,.
one tyrannical power loose in the
world today, and that is the Soviet
Expression of Sentiment
The resolution is merely an ex-
pression of Senate sentiment. It
does not require House action and
is not binding on President Eisen-
hower or anyone else.
The second resolution, adopted
88-0 with Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-
Ark.) voting "present," was a pol-
icy horse of anothe'r color.
Stems from Bandung
It stemmed from the recent
Africa-Asia conference in Bandung
and Sen. Karl C. Mundt (R-S.D.)
said it could easily be interpreted
abroad as a U. S. policy of "stirring
up revolt" in friendly countries.
Sen. Theodore F. Green (D-R.L)
who handled the resolution on the
floor, said the United States has
been "tarred with a kind of colon-
ial guilt-by-association in many
parts of the world." He said:
"The Communists busily seek to
promote the impression in Asia
and Africa that the United States
is an imperialist power. The fact
is, of course, that the worst im-
peri"alism on the face of the earth
is centered in Moscow."
The resolution, which originated
in .the House, would put Congr~s
on record as favoring a U. S. for-
eign policy that would "support
other peoples in their efforts to
achieve self-determination or in-
dependence under circumstances
which will enable them to assume
and maintain an equal station a-
mong the free nations of the
to look over the
work of the ex-
STARRING YOSS, SATURN:
Astronomers To Host Visitors
Kenneth M. Yoss, instructor of astronomy at Louisiana State
University, will lecture on "Saturn, the Ringed Planet" at 8:30
p.m. tonight in 2003 Angell Hall as part of the astronomy depart-
ment's visitors' night program.
A graduate of the University, Yoss received his PhD. in 1952.
He is a summer member of the astronomy department, observing
t yat the University facilities on Portage Lake.
Saturn was selected for the lecture because it will be particu-
larly good for viewing at this time.
If the weather is clear, visitors will be invited to use the tele-
scopes, including the two on the roof of Angell Hall.
One of the roof telescopes will' be set for Saturn. The other,
usually trained on the moon if it is visible, will be fixed on a nebulla
A number of displays may be inspected by guests. One of these
is a set of scales showing a person's weight as it would register on
the moon and the nine planets.
A model solar system demonstrates how neighboring planets
Gas Tax Bill
WASHINGTON (MP)-The House
Public Works Committee yesterday
tentatively approved federal tax
increases on gasoline and other
highway-user items to raise about
$11,800,000,000 over the next 14
years for a vast road-building pro-
The committee scaled down by
over a billion dollars the increases
proposed by a subcommittee.
The tax plan has been advanced
chiefly by Democrats as a substi-
tute for President Dwight D. Eis-
enhower's proposal to pay for the
new roads through issuing bonds.
Action Not Complete
The committee didn't complete
action on the bill yesterday and
will take it up again today. Thus
its actions yesterday still could be'
changed by more amendments a-
waiting a decision.
The- road program, the 'biggest
in history, calls for 37 billion dol-
lars in federal funds and about 10
billions in state funds. Of this, 24
billion in federal funds and 21/2
billion in state money would be
used to complete 40,000 miles of
interstate superhighways, selected
largely for their contributions to
It also contemplates a 25-mil-
lion-dollar increase each year in
the present program of, about 700
millions in federal funds for pri-
mary, secondary and urban roads.
By The AssQciated Press
jLANSING - The Senate yes-
terday confirmed 19 of Gov. Wil-
liams' appointees and left 18 of
WASHINGTON -- The United
States Court of Appeals refused