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July 08, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-07-08

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UNSUNG HEROES

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Latest Deadline in the State

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HOT,HUMID

VOL. LXV, No. 14S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1955

FOUR PAGES

I

I i t

Boat Missing
Off Eastern
Coast: Hoax?
Messages Tell
Of Submarine
NEW YORK (P) - A mystery
voice, trembling as though from
terror, besought help at sea yester-
day. The radioed plea claimed a
foreign submarine picked up 21
survivors from an American fish-
ing boat aflame and sinking off the
. ew Jersey coast.
'Seasoned seafarers heard the
wierd message beamed by radio-
telephone. But there was mounting
evidence that it was nothing but a
fantastic hoax.
No Evidence
A vast air and sea search of
S3,700 square miles of calrh Atlantic
waters failed to produce any con-
crete evidence to back up the mar-
ine drama so vividly described by
the voice crying out in the night.
Last word received from a vessel
identifying itself as the 40-foot
fishing boat, Blue Star, was the
agitated cry:
"A submarine is surfacing about
350 yards from us. It is coming
alongside. It is proceeding to take
survivors aboard. It is not an A-
merican submarine."
t . Then a pause, and the voice
trailed off with the words: "I don't
think they'll let me talk any more."
After that, silence and, despite
hours of intensive search, no trace
of any disabled fishing craft or its
"occupants.
Search to Continue
All American and Allied submar-
ines in the general Atlantic were
accounted for.
Coast Guard Capt. Julius F. Jay-
cot, a veteran of 31 years' service,
said the search would continue "as;
iong as there is a possibility of
someone being trapled out there."
"I'm not excluding the possibil-
ity that it's a hoax," he told re-
porters.
Jaycott said 21 seemed like an
abnormal number of people on
such a small craft. He also re-
marked on the absence 01 calls
from persons anxious about the
fate of relatives and friends aboard
4 such a craft.
He was asked what the Coast
Guard would do if it was a hoax.
Just Get Mad
"Just get mad about it," Jaycott
replied. "They practically never
find the persons responsible."
Searchers did find an orange life
r jacket bobbing in the sea about 10
miles south of where the Blue
Star was reported in distress. But
. it bore no markings.
An oil slick was sighted in the
same area. However, Coast Guard
officials said such a slick need not
necessarily denote a tragedy.
The tugboat Nancy Moran, tow-
ing barges off Sandy Hook near
the entrance to New York harbor,
point about 35 miles out to sea off
sages about 2:25 a.m.
They purportedly came from a
first picked up the distress mes-
Barnegat, halfway down the coast-
line of New Jersey.
The voice on the radiotelephone
said the Blue Star had struck a
log and that a boiler room explo-
sion had started a fire.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON (A) - Secretary
of Labor James P. Mitchell report-
ed Thursday that employment rose

to a new high last month and add-
ed:
"This should be the best year in,
history for American labor."
Mitchell's preview of forth-
coming employment - unemploy-,
ment statistics for June came as
E Congress moved another step to-
ward fixing the federal minimum
wage level at $1 an hour.
WASHINGTON - The Senate
and House completed action on a
compromise $3,285,800,000 foreign
aid authorization bill yesterday
and sent it to President Dwight
D. Eisenhower.
The measure is 123 million dol-
lars short of President Eisenhow-
er's requests,
Actual fuj~nds to carry out the
new authorizations must still be
approved by both houses, and
there may be a move for further
cuts then.
* * *
CHICAGO -- Michigan Gov. G.
Mennen Williams yesterday urged

-Daily-Sam Ching
ANYTHING WILL DO-Student uses the Summer Student Di-
rectory to get a date. The 50 cent listing of Summer Session
students,,on sale from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. today at the Publications
Building, offers the social climber a selection of over 6,000
names from which to choose, including a specially added School
of Nursing section for the prospective Casanova. Other fea-
tures are a map of the campus area and a visiting faculty sec-
tion. Only 250 copies are left.

TO TOUR CAMPUS:

Nu Visits Today
U Nu, Prime Minister of Burma, will visit the University campus
today.
A tour of key campus sites will begin for Nu and his official party
at 9:30 a.m. when they will visit the new Phoenix Memorial Labora-
tory on North Campus.
Accompanied by Assistant to the President Erich A. Walter, the
Prime Minister will be guided by director of the Phdenix Project,
Dean Ralph A. Sawyer of the graduate school, and assistant director
Prof. Henry Gomberg of the engineering collegt.
A visit to Clements Library, where rare books and documents
*>dealing with colonial and Revolu-
UI 4g tionary War periods are on display,
Li I1Uwill follow.
0 Four books written by members
A boutlChina of the University faculty will be
presented to the Prime Minister
by Vice-President Marvin L. Nie-

Dulles Sees
Red Money
Troubles
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles was
disclosed yesterday to have told
members of Congress June 10 that
the 'Russian economic system "is
on the point of collapsing."
The statement was contained in
testimony he gave the House Ap-
propriations Committee in support
of the administration's foreign aid
program. Part of his testimony was
released for publication.
Dulles din not go into detail
about any possible Russian col-
lapse, and elsewhere in his testi-
mony merely said Russia was under
a strain trying to keep up with
mutual security efforts of the free
world.
Disagreement over Reference
But, taken by itself, the "point
of collapsing" reference seemed to
reflect a considerable degree of
disagreement within the adminis-
tration about Russia's strength or
weakness as the time approaches
for Big Four talks at Geneva July
18.
Only yesterday President Dwight
D. Eisenhower told a news confer-
ence that no one in the adminis-
tration has said that the Russians
are "coming to any conference
weak." He went on to specify they
are strong militarily, without say-
ing anything about any other
strengths or weaknesses.
The State Department, when
asked how the Dulles and Eisen-
hower statements could be recon-
ciled, declined comment.
Does Russia Want Cold War
Before either Eisenhower's news
conference, or the release of Dulles'
testimony, it had been apparent
there existed a difference of opin-
ion among U. S. officials as wheth-
er Russia genuinely wants to end
the cold war.
Some policy-makers, apparently
a majority, seemed to believe Ru-
sia at least is ready to make some
concessions aimed at easing ten-
sions. An evidently smaller group
has taken the stand that no end to
the -old war is in sight.
Moscow Breathing Spell
However, both schools of thought
have tended to agree that agricul-
tural difficulties and the continu-
ing arms burden are straining the
Soviet economy and Moscow would
like a breathing spell.
The difference of opinion has
been on how much Russia might be
willing to give up to gain such a
rest - much or little.
The House committee record
showed that on June 10 Dulles said
the Soviets are "over-expanded,
unable to meet their commit-
ments." He said they were seeking
"some respite against strains" of
trying to keep pace with the West-
ern world.
Prison Search
Nets Weapons
By the Dozen
WALLA WALLA, Wash. ()-
Guards seized scores of weapons-
knives, axes, hammers and base-
ball bats yesterday as they con-
ducted a cell-by-cell shakedown

of Washington State Prison- after
a two-day revolt.
They moved the more than 1,700
convicts into open yards, under
the rifles of state patrolmen atop
the walls, and carried out various
weapons hidden in cells during
the rebellion in which nine hos-
tages were held more than 26
hours.
The weapons collection made six
piles in a separate enclosure of the
prison yard.
Unarmed guards herded the men
from cells into the open yard. Aft-
er the search of cells they started
moving the prisoners back into
quarters for individual searches.
But officials said these could not
be completed Thursday and some
men probably would have to spend
the night in the open.
Compromise
On Flood Bill,

U.S.
Of

Accepts F
Payment

-Courtesy University News Service
HEAP BIG SMOKE-Dean Walter B. Rea accepts a genuine Sioux peace pipe for Michigauma
Honorary from Elmer Clark and Jack Moylan. The pipe is the gift of Jack Grady, a 1942 gradu-
ate. Pictured, from left to richt, are Clark; T. Hawley Tapping, General Secretary of the Alumni
Association; Dean Rea, and Moylan.
ENERGY, AMBITION:
New Student Officers Revise ISA

ted
for

Offer
*Plane
Back Down
On Demand
For Full, Pay
Mooo f esOfficial Regret

WASHINGTON (R) - The State
Department served notice that
Prime Minister U Nu of Burma is
mistaken if he thinks the United
States favors the admission of Red
China to the United Nations.
Press officer Henry Suydam said
he was authorized to state that
"there has been no change in
United States policy to oppose the
seating in the United Nations of a
representative of the Chinese Com-
munist regime."
The Burmese Prime Minister,
one of the leaders of Southeast
Asia, had said at a news conference
in New York Wednesday he had
got the impression. in Washington
"that most of the responsible peo-
ple are not against the admission
of Peiping into the United Na-
tions."
It was rather a question of
timing, he had added. Asked whe-
ther any question of timing was
involved in the State Department's
statement, Suydam said no - the
time factor was deliberately left
out of the statement.
He went on to say the statement
was occasioned by "a number of
questions" springing from what U
Nu said only a few days after his
conversations w i t h President
Dwight D. Eisenhower

huss.
University President Harlan H.
Hatcher will host a reception for
Prime Minister UN and 28 Bur-
mese students who attend the Uni-
versity at 11 a.m.
Luncheon Planned
Ninety-three guests will fete the
Prime Minister, his wife, Burma's
ambassador to the United States,
James Barrington, and other mem-
bers of the official Burmese party
at a noon luncheon in the League.
Following the luncheon, the
group will return to Willow Run
airport for their departure, ac-
companied by Prof. Russell H. Fi-
field of the political science de-
partment and Prof. Richard A.
Musgrave of the Economics de-
partment.
An honorary degree was sched-
uled to be given U Nu today by
University officials. It was learned
yesterday from the Burmese Em-
bassy that such anrhonor would
be declined by the Prime Minister.
Yesterday the Burmese party
toured Greenfield Village and the
Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn,
greeted Detroit's Mayor Albert Co-
bo and toured the city of Detroit.

BY JIM DYGERT
New life has been put into the
International Students Association
by its new president and vice-
president.
The Association began this sum-
mer for the first time in its history
a full program of social and recre-
ational activities' under the lead-
ership of President John A. Wall-
work from Great Britain and Vice'
President B. V. Govindaraj from
India. Govindaraj is acting presi-
dent during the Summer Session.
Wallwork and Govindaraj were
elected in June by foreign students
on a program including that "In-
ternational Students Association
take over all International Center
social activities and carry out an
effective program with the finan-
cial assistance of the University."
Now Entirely in Charge
On July 1, the International
Center, a University administration
Chicago Girl
Found Dead
CHICAGO M)-The discovery of
the beaten, burned body of an 8-
year-old girl yesterday touched off
a search for a killer who was
branded a "mad dog."
The victim was Mary Manzo, a
brown-eyed, dark-haired child who
had been in the third grade in a
public school.
Three street sweepers found the
tiny body in a long, dim under-
pass beneath the Pennsylvania
Railroad tracks at 46th St. and
Normal Ave. on the South Side.
Detectives said the body had,
been burned in an attempt to de-
stroy it.
'Mad Dog' Slayer
Coroner Walter E. McCarron
viewed the body and termed the
slayer a "mad dog."
Officials moved 100 extra police-
men into the area-east of the
stockyards - in a hunt f or the
killer.
Police Commissioner Timothy J.
O'Connor said the girl probably
had been "assaulted and then
murdered."
The body was clad in a white
blouse and pink skirt. Mary was
wearing them when she last was
seen alive Monday evening.
Moved from Scene
Smudges of mud and a darker
substance -possibly coal-- were
discerned. They indicated the
body had been in a field or base-
ment before it was placed in the

branch, announced its reorganiza-
tion which included a relinquishing
of the planning and conducting of
a social program for foreign stu-
dents. The ISA is now completely
in charge of student programs,
although the International Center
stands by to provide any requested
assistance.
The Association's new program
is an ambitious one, requiring en-
ergetic leadership. Govindaraj has
proceeded to provide it by appoint-
ing 12 committees. Nine of the
committees are headed by activi-
ties chairmen who will take com-
plete charge of projects.
The nine are the Discussion,
Display, Decorations, Publicity,
Entertainment, Tours and Trips,
Picnics, Sports and Formal Dance
committees.
Two others, the United Nations
Week Committee and the Orienta-
tion Committee, are under the
direction of the president and vice-
president. The twelfth, the Alumni
Relations Committee, is headed by
an auxiliary secretary.
Three to Five Members on Each
There are from three to five
members on each committee, with
various geographical areas repre-
sented.

Participation and cooperation
are the themes of the new pro-
gram. Govindaraj emphasized
them in his greeting to Summer
Session foreign students on behalf
of the Association:
The new program is also intend-
ed to improve the co-ordination of
actiivties with community organi-
zations, encourage more foreign
students to speak for foreign
groups, and break up "national
cliqueism" among foreign students.
Now that it has succeeded in
obtaining full responsibility for
planning a program for foreign
students on the University campus,
the Association has set its sights
on an ex-officio membership in the
Student Government Council, on
the ground that foreign students
should be represented as part of
the campus.
Another objective is University
sponsorship of a scholarship pro-
gram for foreign students.
A third is wider representation
in the Association's House of Rep-
resentatives, elected by national
groups. This assembly must ap-
prove committee appointments by
the president and vice-president
before they become final.

WASIANGTON (P)-In a move
to smooth the way for the Big Four
Conference, the United States yes-
terday accepted Russia's offer to
pay half the damages for the
shooting down of an American
plane in the Bering Strait last
month.
Secretary of the State John Fos-
ter Dulles had previously demand-
ed full compensation for the loss
of the Navy Neptune patrol plane,
destroyed in a crash landing on
Alaska's St. Lawrence Island after
being fired upon by Soviet jet
fighters.
Compensation for Injuries
Dulles also wanted full compen-
sation for injuries suffered by 7
of 11 crewmen.
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov
had offered to pay 50 per cent of
the total damages for plane and
crew.
The exact sum is to be deter-
mined later, State Department of-
ficials said. The plane alone, minus
equipment, cost about 1:Y2 million
dollars.
Releases Note
The State Department released
the text of a note to the Soviet
Foreign Office yesterday; It was
the latest in a series of exchanges
following the attack on the Ameri-
can plane on June 23.
Dulles and Molotov had discuss-
ed the matter face to face while
both were in San Francisco attend-
ing the United Nations meeting.
Thursday's note wholly rejected
Russia's version, which had sought
to put responsibility on the United
States. But the note was concilia-
tory in tone. It contained an ele-
ment of warning against repetition
but also expressed desire for im-
proved relations with Russia.
Molotov had told Dulles the A-
merican craft had violated the.
Soviet-frontier and that there was
"an exchange" of gunfire between
it and the Soviet MIG. The inci-
dent occurred in the area between
Alaska and Siberia.
Express Regret
Russia not only offered to pay
half the damages but, what was
equally unprecedented, expressed
regret at the incident. Dulles had
said at the time of the offer that
50 per cent damages would not be
enough. He had demanded total
compensation.
However, it apparently was de-
cided that pressing the demand for
total compensation would make a
continuing irritant out of an issue
which both sides evidently would
like to see cleared away in advance
of the meeting at the summit, be-
ginning in Geneva July 18. Hence
Dulles' earlier position was scrap-
ped,

INo0VWaterShortage

Economists Worried By
Consumer Credit Boom
By the Associated Press
WASHINGTON ()-The government's economic policymakers
are a bit worried about an increase in on-the-cuff deals during the
current business boom.
There have been credit splurges in the stock market, consumer
buying and home buying.
Despite concern over mounting indebtedness in these fields, fed-
eral policy-makers are still inclined to rely on indirect, rather than
direct, controls to keep the boom from becoming dangerously puffed
up on credit.
That inclination is strong, and it is fundamental to the Eisen-
'hower administration's whole eco-

More Vaccine
Will Be Given
NEW YORK (A)-The National
Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
said yesterday that when more
polio vaccine is available it will
release it for second injections and
booster shots.
"It is our hope that second in-
jections will be given as rapidly
as possible during the next weeks
and through the summer," foun-
dation president Basil O'Connor
said.
By doing so, he added, adequate
protection will be provided chil-

But it does not exclude the pos-
sibility that the Federal Reserve
Board may soon for the third time
this year crack down on the stock
market with a direct control by
upping margin requirements.
The administration - and the
Reserve Board--is delighted with
the vast business improvement of
the past year, most of it in the
past six months.
The economic policy-makers in
Washington are glad to see the
nation's investors give a big vote
of confidence in the economic fu-
ture by putting more money in the
commercial stocks which repre-
sent the nation's expanding pro-
ductive machinery.
Building, Buying Splurge

Civil Defense
'Alert' Planned
Anew for '56
WASHINGTON (M)-The White
House yesterday disclosed tentative
plans for a gigantic Operation
Alert in 1956 in which all 'three
branches of government will flee
Washington while the armed for-
ces stage war games.
In a report to President Dwight
D. Eisenhower on last month's
three-day evacuation of 15,000 fed-
eral workers from the capital un-
der assumed H-bomb assault, Mob-
ilization Director Arthur S. Flem-
ming also revealed that:
A "high-level task force" is
studying whether "any other
course of action" than martial law
-which was proclaimed hypotheti-
cally by President Eisenhower in
the recent alert - can be invoked
in a mass-bombing emergency.
All falra ar.. - -- ..:.,

..~J:

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