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July 06, 1955 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1955-07-06

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.. _v._._. ,i.._,.. .. . s .., _.. ..

4iir ipminaih
Sixty-Fifth Year
Editorials- printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.

"Yes, We'll Be There, Rain And Shine"



Red, White & Blue Mail Boxes

FOR THOSE who hopefully felt the national-
istic movement was subsiding, Postmaster
General Arthur E. Summerfield's Fourth of
July statement was an extreme shock.
In a holiday announcement, Summerfield
told the country that the previously olive-drab
mail boxes are going to be painted red, white,
and blue on the nation's many street corners.
Of course, Summerfield did not make this
decision in a mood of wild abandon. The color-
ful mail boxes were tried out in Washington
and elsewhere, and the post office department
is now ready to go ahead with a general pro-
gram for shifting the boxes to patriotic and
"more cheerful coolrs." In addition, the tri-
color finish has been found more durable than.
There used to be a'time when the post office
department only mailed letters for citizens. But
in a world where certain activities, ideas, and
attitudes are definitely un-American - and
therefore very bad-it is no wonder that the
department should feel compelled to protect
American institutions, myths, and ideals.
It was only last Marct that Aristophane's
"Lysistrata" was declared obscene by Summer-
field, and the Postmaster General said he felt
it would endanger American morals."
All of this is quite understandable, for a na-
tion undergoing the stress and worry of pos-
sible war and annihilation is most likely to at-
tempt pulling itself together. Religion, ethics,
chauvanism-these are the best and most im-
mediate cords upon which to pull.
Postmaster General Summerwield's moves
seem self-explanatory when one bears these
facts in mind; and even the stamps his de-
partment releases are becomning increasingly

chauvanistic. Once, one could almost be cer-
tain of finding Betsy Ross or George Washing-
ton on stamps. Now, there may be anything
from war heroes of the Second World War to
thank-heaven-for-the-Boy-Scouts stamps. And
the department keeps a stern lookout for sub-
jects that have that American flavor. Any day
now, Davy Crockett's backside may be licked by
thousands of Americans.
Summerfield is probably a fine, patriotic
bureaucrat whose intentions are highly noble.
But his dogmatism in deciding what is good
for Americans and what is not good for Amer-
icans sometimes becomes a bit too much to
swallow with any degree of ease.
Red, white, and blue ma ybe national colors
--but they don't have to be plastered across
every piece of governmental property. During
the last major war, there was seldom anything
so depressing as simply attempting to dispose
of litter and finding oneself accosted with a
flag on all receptacles.
Nationalism, with its organized system of
myths, ideals, and principles, may need sym-
bols to keep its structure intact. And flags, sta-
tues, quotes from patriotic citizens, and pa-
triotic Flag Day, Fourth of July, and Armed
Forces Day displays o fparaded strength un-
doubtedly do their share to hold, a people to-
But painting mail boxes sed, white, and blue
is hardly going to inspire citizens with renewed
national vigor. Aside from the tremendous ex-
pense involved, if one must use colors on mail
boxes there is a spectrum of lovely pastels and
deep hues of green and violet that might be
much more attractive.
--Ernest Theodossin

UMT " .
An Open Letter to
Honorable George Meader,
Member of Congress,
Second District of Michigan,
Washington, D.C.
Dear Mr. Meader:
I HAVE before me press reports
dated July 2, 1955 that the
House of Rrepresentatives has
passed the military reserve bill de-
manded by President Eisenhower.
I also have my letter, dated June
6, in which I protested this meas-
ure, and your reply of June 9, in
which you predicted that "this
legislation will not again come be-
fore this session of the Congress."
In the press report, Congress-
man Vinson is quoted as saying:
it is "a good strong bill, the kind
the President wants." It has been
considered that, under the Con-
stitution of the United States, the
President and the members of
Congress are elected to carry out
the will of the people. It has been
my impression and that of others
that public opposition to this
measure has been high, consider-
ing the small amount of publicity
given to it. That being the case,
Congressman Vinson and others
who voted for the measure should
not have been proud tohave given
the President what he wanted but
rather should have been disturbed
at not giving to American citizens
what they want. It is disregard for
the expressed wishes of a majority
that have lead to comments which
I quoted to you in my letter of
June 6. t
The passage of the military re-
serve bill in an atmosphere of
"hush, hush, hurry, hurry," is ano-

ther example that the United
States government is no longer
responsive to the electorate.
Press reports state that the bill,
if passed by the Senate, will give
the President authority to call up
one million reservists without fur-
ther act of Congress to deal with
whatever the President considers
to be an emergency. Such a pro-
vision gives the President a tyrans
nical power as great as that wield-
ed by George the Third against
whose despotic powers the colon-
ists revolted and of which revolt,
we, United States citizens, are
proud. It gives the President pow-
er to use this force not only to op-
pose a foreign aggressor but to use
it to break strikes and to harass
citizens working for a better so-
cial and governmental structure.
Under this power which can be
easily extended, once the nose cf
Prussianism is under the tent, re-
servists can be called upon to shoot
down brother, sister, father, or
mother if, in the opinion of the
President, the emergency require$
The enactment of this bill,
which we must assume you voted
for since I have no knowledge of
your having opposed it and since
there was no record of the vote, is
another step in the direction of
fascism in America about which.
the Socialist Labor Party has re-
peatedly warned the American
workers. It is further evidence that
capitalism is weak, not strong, or
it would not have to pressure po-
liticians for the passage of fascis-
tic and tyrannical legislation. Sta-
linism, in its weakness, has had to
resort to similar tyrannical and
repressive measures.
--Ralph W. Muncy




Sen. Welker and His Friends


Gothic Film Presents

At Rackham Auditorium
LA 1MARSEILLAISE, a Jean Renoir film
about the French Revolution.
GOTHIC FILM SOCIETY, a unit that has
been operating here for the last six years
including summer sessions, is welcoming guests
these days for their programs. The second
film of the current series, about "Men at
War" is a French film of 1939, "La Marseil-
laise" which plays tonight at. Rackham Am-
phitheater at 8 p.m. It is about the French
Revolution and is complemented by a short
subject called "1848" which concerns itself
with the trying birth of the Second Republic,
a later crisis in French history. ,L
The interest in "La Marseillaise," as a film,
is largely due to the talent of its director, Jean
Renoir, who has been making movies for about
thirty years and whose successes include such
films as "Grand Illusion" and "The Southern-
er." On the 150th anniversary of the storming
of the Bastille, just about the time when M.
Daladier and Neville Chamberlain were making
pacts with Adolf Hitler in Munich, Renoir
was given the assignment of filming the Revo-
lution in some kind of inspirational fashion
and "La Marseillaise" is the fruit of his efforts.
The greatest compliment that can be paid
to the film is that, in spite of the sesquicen-
tennial observation which prompted it, the
movie does not seem merely "commemorative."
It is a tightly woven, efficient work that does
not get lost in the morass of Dantons, Robe-
spierres, and "let 'em 'eat cakes" that is the

fate of most films about-the Revolution. It con-
tents itself with following the career of one
volunteer from his recruitment in Marseille to
his death on the steps of the king's palace in
Paris. Counterpointing his story is that of Lou-
is and Marie themselves, a sympathetic psy-
chological interpretation of royal vacillation
and ennui. The film makes its point about
"liberte" and "egalite" by stopping short of
the Reign of Terror which followed, but this
is probably no more unfair than telling about
Lexington and Concord without including the
Teapot Dome.
THE CONTRIBUTION of "La Marseillaise"
to Gothic's series about "Men at War"
lies chiefly in its sensitive, yet almost ingenu-
ous, portrait of human beings on the thresh-
hold of a struggle, the violence of which they
cannot remotely imagine. The arrival of the
Volunteers from Marseille to the strains of
"Allons, les enfants, etcetera" is a carnival
scene, a county fair. It has the lusty, brawling
atmosphere of a shop picnic, and like picnics
it ends with rain and an awkward flirtation
and an absolute failure to understand.
"La Marseillaise" consequently provides an
interesting contrast with Gothic's opening
film, "Alexander Nevsky" in which national-
ism is kind of a grand, senseless thing that
can be told only in a Wagnerian style. Renoir's
film also demonstrates that it is possible to
look at warfare without the restrained pathos
familiar in such films as Ernest Hemingway's
"The Spanish Earth" and most good films
about the second World War.
-William Wiegand

WASHINGTON Here's another
episode in the payroll genero-
sity of Idaho's bouncing junior
Senatoro, Herman Welker. This
chapter might be called, "The Case
of the Yellow Shoes."
This column has already report-
ed how Herman arranged for his
brother, Ted, to lead the cushy
life of a retired truck driver in
Twin Falls, Idaho, at the taxpay-
ers' expense. The Senator simply
put brother Ted on the Senate
payroll for $5,200 a year. Mean-
while Ted remains in Idaho, doing
no visible work for the taxpayer,
though a Senator's payroll is sup-
posed to be spent for the benefit
of the constituents who send the
Senator to Washington.
Herman also helped his nephew,
Craig Nelson, and a family friend,
William Cook, "work" their way
through the University of Idaho
by paying them a Senate salary
for part of the college year. The
Senator has hinted mysteriously
that the two boys were investigat-
ing Communists on the university
campus for him.
In addition to all this, Senate
pay vouchers also reveal that Wel-
ker kept an ex-employee, Marion
"Pete" Jensen, on the payroll for
a year after he had returned to
Preston, Idaho, to teach high
school. It is unknown whether
Welker was also looking for Com-
munists in the Preston High
Welker and Jensen served to-
gether in the Idaho State Senate,
then came to Washington together
after Welker's election to the Uni-
ted States Senate. Both showed up
on the Washington social scene
wearing almost identical yellow
Herman noticed nobody else in
the Senate wore loud yellow shoes,
so he switched to a more conserva-
tive color. "Pete" Jensen, however,
who then worked as Welker's ad-
ministrative assistant, refused to
part with his yellow brogans. He
liked yellow. But one day Jensen
walked on the Senate floor to de-
liver some papers to Welker. All
Herman could see were the yellow
shoes moving across the carpet-
plump, squeak, plump. Turning to
an aide, Herman grumbled: "That
so-and-so has worn those yellow
shoes on the Senate floor for the
last time."
Firing Jensen, however, was a
ticklish job, since he has political
influence in Southern Idaho. To
soften the blow, Welker put out a
weepy press release about "losing
my good right arm." He also did
something more tangible: he kept
Jensen on the payroll for a full
year, even though Jensen packed
his yellow shoes and went back to
his former job as high school
teacher in Preston.
Idaho Republicans will be sur-
prised a!; another name on Wel-
Varl 5:, - natn r .rn1l =a -.,v A

Washington was William "Fish-
bait" Miller, doorkeeper of the
House of Representatives and
chief greeter of foreign notables
on Capitol Hill.
After Miller had introduced U
Nu to all House members waiting
to shake his hand, without for-
getting a single name, the Bur-
mese official inquired dubiously:
"Do you mean to tell me that
you know all the members of the
House of Representatives?"
"Yes, sir," replied Miller.
"You must be a veteran around
here," suggested the Premier of
"Oh, no, I'm only a freshman,"
replied Miller. "I've only been
here for 23 years. The man on
your right is a veteran. He has
been here for 60 years."
With a sweeping gesture, "Fish-
bait" presented Arthur E. "Gus"
Cook, assistant architect of the
Capitol. U Nu shook hands, com-
"Your Congress is, indeed, a
democratic body. I have been in
the parliament in Burma for a
long time, which numbers 250
members. I am Prime Minister,
but I am personally acquainted
with barely half of them."
Mrs. Nixon Removes Hat
SENATORS' WIVES are not al-
lowed on the Senate floor, so
Mrs. Richard Nixon sat in the
Senate gallery while her husband
presided over the Senate when
Prime Minister U Nu of Burma,
,whom she had met at the airport,
was being presented to the Senate.
Later, however, Mrs. Nixon was
admitted to the floor of the House
of Representatives where her hus-
band does not preside and where
she obviously has less "in."

To get on the floor of the
House, however, Mrs. Nixon had
to do one thing-remove her hat.
Ever since 1837, House rules have
forbidden anyone, man or woman,
to wear a hat on the floor while
the House is in session.
So Mrs. Nixon relinquished her
bonnet to a friend and was
promptly admitted.
California, once considered
the darling of the California con-
servatives, is going to Los Angeles
tomorrow to dedicate the new
headquarters of the Retail Clerks
Union, Local 770, one of the live-
liest locals on the-west coast. Gov-
ernor Knight is not only a great
friend of local President Joe De
Silva, but recognizes what this
particular group has done for the
health of labor families. Long be-
fore John L. Lewis put across the
welfare fund for the United Mine
Workers, De Silva had arranged
with the Kaiser Foundation and
its permanent hospital in Los An-
geles to give his members such
complete health insurance that it's
now called the Mayo clinic of the
workingman . . . The Navy has
finally tabbed the guest house at
the Navy's Cheatham annex near
Newport News, Va., as unauthor-
ized. This is the guest house this
column exposed last April for hav-
ing wasted a lot of the taxpayers'
money . It was at Cheatham
annex that civilian naval employ-
ees were used to dig oysters for
the admirals-also at the taxpay-
ers' expense... The order closing
the guest house was signed June
20 by J. L. Woodbury, Chief of
(Copywright, 1955, by Bell Syndicate)

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication (be-
for 10 a.m. on Saturday.) Notice of
lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
Applications for Faubright Awards for
graduate study or research abroad dur-
ing the 1956-57 academic year are now
available. Countries in which study
grants are offered are Australia, Austria,
Belgium & Luxembourg, Burma, Ceylon,
Chile, Denmark, Finland, France, Ger-
many, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, Neth-
erlands, New Zealand, Norway, Philip-
pines, United Kingdom. The grants are.
made for one academic year and in-
clude round-trip transportation, tuition,
a living allowance and a small stip-
end for books and equipment. All grants
are made in foreign currencies.
Interested students who hold an A.B.
degree or who will receive such a degree
by June 1956, and who are presently en-
rolled in the University, of Michigan,
should request application forms fora
Fuibright award at the office of the
Graduate School. The closing date for
receipt of applications is Oct. 31, 1955.
Persons not enrolled in a college or
university in the spring or fall of 1955
should direct inquiries and requests
for applications to the Institute of In-
ternational Education, U.S. Student Pro-
gram,gram, 1 East 67th Street, New
York 21, New York. The last date on
which applications will be issued by
the Institute is Oct. 15, 1955.
Applications for Buenos Aires Con-
vention Awards for graduate study or
research in Latin America during the
1956-57 academic year are now available.
Countries in which study grants are of-
fered are Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic,
Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Ve-
nezuela. Grantees are chosen by the host
government of each country from a pan-
el presented by the United States Gov-
ernment. The United States Government
pays travel costs and host governments
pay maintenance allowance and tuition
fees. Grants generally are for one aca-
demic year, but some may extend for
twelve months.
Interested students who hold an A.B.
Degree or who will receive such a de-
gree by June, 1956, and who are presefit-
ly enrolled in the University of Fichi-
gan, should request application forms
for a Buenos Aires Convention awardat
the office of the Graduate School. The
closing date for receipt of applications
is Oct. 31, 1955.
Persons not enrolled in a college or
university in the spring or fall of 1955
should direct inquires and requests for
applications to the Institute of Inter-
national Education, U.S. Student Pro-
gram, 1 East 67th Street, New York 21,
New York. The last date on which ap-
plications will be issued by the Insti-
tute is Oct. 15, 1955,
The Nelson House for International
Living is interviewing couples for the
position of House Parents. Couples in-
terested in acting as host and steward
for athouse of thirty students from all
over the world should phone NOG 38506
(Mrs. Yarman).
New York State Civil Service an-
nounces exams for the following: Asst.
-n , f _.rh n ec A.^ .,il V

tion. There are also positions open to
women in Health and Physical Educ. in
the same areas as well as in Mass. and
N. Y.
U. S. Civil Service, Home Loan Bank
Board announces exams for Savings and
Loan Examiner-GS-7 and GS-9. Re-
quirements include experience in book-
keeping or accounting, or with a savings
and loan association or banking institu-
The Luella Cummings Home, Toledo,
Ohio, has an opening for a housemother
to work with teen-age girls.
For further information contact the
Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., ext. 371.
Concerts a
Student Recital. Harold Ericson, pian-
ist, compositions by Bach, Beethoven,
and Hindemith, at 8:30 p.m. wed., July
6, in Rackham Assembly Hall, In partial
fulfillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music. Mr. Ericson
Is a pupil of Benning Dexter.
Student Recital. Jack Snavely, clari-
net, recital in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Master of Music
degree at 8:30 p.m., Thurs., July 7, In
Rackham Assembly Hall. A pupil of
William Stubbins,Mr. Snavely will play
work by Johann Stamitz, Starokadom-
sky, Hindemith, and Max Bruch; the
recital will be open to the public.
Events Today
La Petite Causette, informal French
conversation group will meet at the
Cafeteria of the Michigan Union from
4:00-5:00 p.m.
La Sociedad Hispanica of the Depart-
men of Romance Languages will present
two speakers at its weekly meeting
Wed., July 6, at 7:30 p.m. in the West
Conference Room, Rackham Building.
Dr. Maria Dolores Romero of the Univer-
sity of Havana will speak on,, "Cuba
y su importancia en las Americas," and
Dr. J. Rodriguez de la Cruz of the
Central University of Santa Clara will
speak on "The Teaching of English in
Cuba." Both talks will be given in
Spanish; period for questions and dis-
Anthropology Club Meetingt Dr. Kra-
der will speak on "Methodological De-
velopments in the Study of Central
Asia." Wed., July 6, 8:00 p.m., East Con-
ference Room, Rackham Building. Open
meeting, all those uvho are interested are
welcome. Discussion will be encouraged.
Bell, Book and Candle, John van brut-
en's comedy, will be presented by the
Department of Speech tonight at 8:0o
p.m. in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets are available at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre Box Office for $1.50-
$1.10-75c, 10:00 am.-8:00 pm,'
Coming Events
The International Center Teas will be
held at Madelon Pound Home at 1024
Hill Street on Thursday from 4:30-5:30
Film Forum on International Educa-
tion Thurs., July 7,at 8:00E p.m. in
Aud. A, Angell Hall, evening on Eng-
land. Discussion leader for two docu.
mentary films is Dr. W. A. G. Armytage,
prof. of Education, University of Shef-
field, England. Open to public.
Lane Hall Lunch Discussion-"How a
Church School Educates" led by Miss
Helen Thomas, Director of Religious
Education, First Methodist Church,12:00
n. Thurs., July 7, Lane Hall. Call res-
ervations to No 31511, ext. 2851 by.5:00
p.m: today.
Cranbrook Excursion sponsored by



New Books at The Library

At Rackham Auditorium
EMIL RAAB, violinist
PROGRAM-Schubert: Duo in A, Opus 162
Charles Jones: Sonatina (1942) Claude De-
bussy: Sonata (1917) Paul Hindemith: So-
nata in D, Opus 11, Nr. 2
'MIL RAAB and Benning Dexter played to a
small but well rewarded audience last eve-
ning, and featured music of our own century.
The Schubert served as little more than a
warm-up piece. The problems were largely with

intonation on Mr. Raab's part, and in the lyri-
cal first movement changes from the D to A
string were particularly noticeable, which often
broke the contour of the melodic line. How-
ever, the tensely played Scherzo movement
fared very well.
The Sonatina of Charles Jones (Canadian,
now teaching at uiliiard in New York) souna-
ed much like the work of an Eastman graduate,
and strongly resemuied the work o composer
Homer Keiler. The dance-like first movement
was dominated by a very busy piano part-
but displayed a somewhat uninteresting lack
of textured contrast. The second movement
was distmguisned for an intense meloaic iurve
which was held by the violin for the entire
length of the movement. The last movement
was a constant motor energy, mostly orce, and
with little dynamic change until a crescendo to
the end. Mr. Eaab and Dexter piayed compe-
tently with few intonation annoyances.,
IN THE DEBUSSY our Piano-Violin team
really sparkled. One of Debussy's last works,
it exploits extremes of dynamic range and so-
nority. The performers played with sureness
and clarity of detail, at tne same time mould-

Biddle, Cordelia Drexel - My
Philadelphia Father. New York,
Doubleday & Co., 1955.
Boyle, Kay-The Seagull on the
Step. New York, Alfred A. Knopf,
Brandon, William -- The Men
and the Mountain. New York, Mor-
row, 1955.
Brown, Christy--MyLeft Foot.
New York, Simon & Schuster, 19-
Courtney, Marguerite-Laurette.
New York, Rinehart, *1955.
Dewhurst, J. Frederic-Ameri-
ca's Needs and Resources. New
York, 20th Century Fund, 1955.
Fadiman, Clifton-Party of One.
New York, World, 1955.
Galbraith, Kenneth--The Great
Crash of 1929. Boston, Houghton-
Mifflin, 1955.
Handlin, Oscar-Chance or Des-
tiny: Turning Points in American
,, .2f......._. A tl.... -. i - V

Irvine, William-Apes, Angels,
and Victorians. New York, Mc-
Graw-Hill, 1955.
Jarrell, Randall-Selected Po-
ems. New York, Alfred A. Knopf,
Kent, Rockwell-It's Me O Lord.
The Autobiography of Rockwell
Kent. New York, Dodd, Mead &
Co., 1955.
Mahoney, Tom - The Great
Merchants. New York, Harper, 19-
Mays, Willie - Born To Play
Ball. New York, Putnam, 1955.
Morton, Charles W.-A Slight
Sense of Outrage. Philadelphia,
J. B. Lippincott Co., 1955.
Owen, Frank - Tempestuous
Journey: Lloyd George, His Life
and Times. New York, McGraw-
Hill, 1955.
Perenyi, Eleanor - The Bright.
Sword. New York, Rinehart, 1955.
tSoy. . - T1 npi _ nt-nmf- -a..._



T'he Daily Staff
Editorial Board

Jim Dygert

Pat Roelofs

Cal Samra

Mary Lee Dingler, Marge Piercy, Ernest Theodossin
Dave Rorabacher........................Sports Editor


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