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July 01, 1955 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1955-07-01

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Individual Rights More
Important Than Face Saving
See Page 2

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VOlL. LXV, No. 9S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1955

Davis Announees
i.
IC Reshuffling
Counseling Staff Time Doubled;
Students To Take Over Activities

By JIM DYGERT
A reorganization of the University's International Center effective
today was announced yesterday by Director James M. Davis.
Most important effect of the reorganization will be the doubling
of counseling staff time available to foreign students, Davis emphasized.
Along with the reorganization, the Center is initiating a new poli-
cy of having all its programs and activities planned and conducted
by students through the International Students Association.
To Continue As Advisors
Davis especially pointed up "the importance of students run-
ning their own social program." The 'Center's staff will continue
in the role of advisors and helpers
and step out as promoters. "All
we'll continue to operate are the
Thursday teas and some of the
longer off-campus tours," Davis
said.
A third important aspect of the
reorganization is a strengthening
of the community relations pro-
gram. Janice M. Miller joins the
staff today to take charge of the
hospitality program for interna-
tional visitors and the community
hospitality program.
.The doubling, of the counseling
time available to foreign students
is being made possible by a change
in positions. Gaston J. Sigur, for-
merly assistant director, now holds
the title of Counselor and has been
assigned to foreign students in the
literary college and to graduate
students whose fields would be in
the literary college on an under-
graduate level. JANICE M. MILLER
Klinger Title Changed ... in new post
Robert B. Klinger, previously as-
sistant counselor, also now has the ,
title of Counselor and has been
assigned to foreign students in all Po l Vts
fields except those covered by Sigur
and Davis. Davis will act as coun-
selor to those in both graduate and
und(ergraduate education. _
In the new arrangement, Davis
will be counseling about five per T o B e utr
cent of the foreign students here,
and the yest will be evenly divid-
ed between Sigur and Klinger. BERKELEY, Calif. (--A dis-
J1spitality Program covery which makes it possible to
Mrs. Miller will be in charge of grow polio virus forvaccine in
the hospitality program for inter- large quantities without the use
national visitors. She will make the of expensive monkey kidneyswas
local arrangements for visitors announced yesterday by three
from foreign countries who come University of California medical
to the University on tours of the researchers.
country sponsored by the State The method utilizes a part of
Department and other agencies. human placental tissues as the
Davis pointed out that the Uni- substance in which the virus can
versity has always cooperated with be grown. The placenta is the sac
the State Department and other which envelopes the infant until
agencies in their programs of birth. It can be salvaged in hos-
bringing leaders in foreign coun- pitals.
tries to the United States. The part of the placenta used
The Center's asuming the re- for polio virus growth is the am-
sponsibiity for these arrange- niotic membrane, or inner lining.
ments will relieve faculty members t Mone, Kinen
of having to arrange the details Monkey Kidneys
of such visits, Davis said. The experimenters, Elsa M. Zic-
Community Relations ter, Jorgen Fogh and Thelma H.
Dunneback of the university's vi-
Mrs. Miller will also be in charge rus laboratory, successfully culti-
of the community relations pro- vated all three types of polio vi-
gram, which includes getting invi- rus awithtthistmaterial.They
tations to American homes in'the rswt hsmtra.Te
state for interested foreign stu- announced the results in the
dents, tours, a speakers service and magazine Science.
volunteer committees to help new Production of the Salk vaccine
students adjust to campus condi- is achieved with the kidneys of
tions. monkeys which come mainly from
Former Administrative Assistant India. These animals also are used
Herman Raju becomes Night Su- to test the finished product for
pervisor in charge of the physical safety and its ability to produce
side of programs and activities antibodies .against infantile paral-
nights and week-ends. ysis.
Davis said the reorganization has Not Enough Monkeys
been cleared with the International During the recent review of the
Center Board of Governors and, safety of the vaccine medical au-
though it goes into effect today, thorities said it would be impos-
the change will not be uignificant sible to get enough monkeys to
until fall when the regular semes- test to the limit the large quanti-
ter resumes.t of vaccine turned out

B udget Cuts
Suggested
By .hoover
Federal Plant
'Disposals Urged
WASHINGTON (A) - Former
President Herbert Hoover said yes-
terday the budget can be balanced
and taxes cut if Congress and the
administration adopt the reorgani-
zation plans of the second Hoover
Commission.
The 80-year-old chairman step-
ped out of public life, but not out
of controversy, as the commission
expired after a two-year explora-
tion of government organization
and policies.
He released, at a news confer-
ence, the hitherto secret report of
the commission's task force on
water and power. That report urg-
ed the sale, lease or transfer of
all federally owned power plants
along with "town sites and related
buildings."
."Monumental Work'
Although the 12-member Hoover
Commission itself adopted milder
recommendations to restrict gov-
ernment electrical development,
Hoover called the task force report
a "monumental work" which "de-
serves consideration by the whole
country."
But a Democrat member of the
commission, Rep. C. Holifield
(Calif.) denounced the report as
amounting to a manual for "pri-
vate utility propaganda."
The task force, headed by re-
tired Adm. Ben Moreell, chairman
of Jones & .Laughlin Steel Corp.,
Pittsburgh, proposed the break-up
of the Tennessee Valley Authority.
Proposes Transfer
It proposed a transfer of the
TVA power plants devoted to atom-
ic use to the Atomic Energy Com-
mission, and the shifting of TVA's
"miscellaneous nonpower activi-
ties, "including flood control, navi-
gation and chemicals research to
"other federal or state agencies."
The nonatomic electrical facilities,
the Moreell report suggested,
should be offered for sale or lease
to private industry. Hoover at his
news conference said that "some-
where about 15 billion dollars"
could be restored to the Treasury
by adoption of recommendations
for turning unneeded property into
cash, liquidating some lending
agencies.
Ike Extends
Draft Laws
WASHINGTON (M - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's signature
yesterday extended the military
draft of teenagers for another four
years and made doctors liable for
compulsory duty for two more
years.
The President signed an omnibus
bill wrapping up the following ba-
sic measures:
1. A four-year extension of the
regular draft which makes all
youths 18/ years old, and older
liable for two years' active service.
2. Extension for four years of
present authority for servicemen
to. make out allotment checks to
their dependents.
3. For two more years, doctors,
dentists, veterinarians and other
trained men will be liable for two
years' draft into active service.

U.S. S
Still

Remains

Unsettled

teel

l
f
E
i
I
i
r
s
F
1
i
r

Dixon-Yates
Scrapping1
May Occur
WASHINGTON (A) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower opened the
way yesterday to scrap the Dixon-
Yates contract, a private power
project his administration had vig-
orously backed despite hot protests
from public power advocates.
Preident Eisenhower ordered a
study to determine whether the
contract should be canceled or
continued in view of the announ-
ced decision of Memphis, Tenn., to
build its own plant instead of tak-
ing Dixon-Yates power.
The President didn't say the
contract would be abandoned. But
one of his chief aides, Budget Di-
rector Rowland Hughes, said "one
of the probable consequences" of
the Memphis decision is that the
Dixon-Yates plant won't be need-
ed.
New Study
Hughes was ordered by Presi-
dent Eisenhower to make the new
study in conjunction with the Ato-
mic Energy Commission and the
Tennessee Valley Authority.
Hughes appeared tonight at a
hearing before a Senate Juliciary
subcommittee on Dixon-Yates.
Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.),
subcommittee chairman and bitter
foe of Dixon-Yates, placed the
White House announcement in the
record.
Hughes commented:
"As you can see, we've got a
job to do promptly. We'll begin on
that Monday morning."
'Pretty Solid'
He added that all he could say'
was that "this looks pretty solid."
Sen. Kefauver asked him what
he meant by that, and Hughes said
he meant to have Memphis take
on the job of supplying its power
needs.
Sen. Kefauver asked if he meant
it was pretty solid that the Dixon-
Yates plant won't be needed.
"I'd say that's one of the prob-
able consequences," Hughes re-
plied, but he added he couldn't say
finally what will work out.
May Be Abandoned
The President acted after the
TVA reported, in view of the Mem-
phis action, it could not end Dix-
on-Yates power into the Memphis
area. TVA added it would be "im-
practicable" to send the private
power elsewhere in its system.
Presdient Eisenhower's action
thus opened the way for possible
abandonment of a contract his ad-
ministration has been champion-
ing in the face of angry protests
from many Democrats, especially
from the Tennessee Valley area.
The contract calls for private
utilities to build a 107 million dol-
lar generating plant at West Mem-
phis, Ark., to feed power .into the
government's TVA system to re-
place energy consumed by atomic
plants elsewhere.

Disagreement

STRAITS OF MACKINAC bridge swiftly is approaching the spectacular stage of construction--
raising of its giant steel suspension towers. In the above picture are shown footings of the 100-.
million dollar span. The towers of the bridge will support the 8,614-foot suspension span. Fifty-,
two per cent of the foundation work has been completed. Photo in upper right hand corner Shows
main tower foundation.
LITTLE FANFARE:
MSC to MSU Name Change Official

At midnight last night a new
state university was born.
There were no dedication cere-
monies, no cornerstones laid.
The official title of the Univer-
sity's old rival, Michigan State
College in East Lansing, was
changed to Michigan State Uni-
versity.
June graduates of Michigan
State boast diplomas saying they
were graduates from Michigan
State University, however.
Opposition
The name change was made
possible by a state legislature vote
in April. The bill asking for the
change was based on the opinion
of administrators that to have
twos universities in the state with
names so similar as. "The Uni-
versity of Michigan" and "Michi-
gan State University would re-
sult in dire confusion when wills
and grants left money' to "the
state university."
University President Harlan
Hatcher argued agaihst the
change because "the people of
the state established the Univer-

sity of Michigan as its state uni-
versity. Now the University has
been made world famous. It is
not fair to take that name and
give it to another institution."
No Action
Following the legislature's ac-
tion in April, some of the Regents
predicted there would be legal

Picket Lines
Start Making
Appearances
Strike :Appears
In Progresion
PITTSBURGH (A - A nation-
wide strike of 600,000 men in the
basic steel industry appeared to be
on early today as top negotiators
for the CIO United Steelworkers
and pace setting United States
Steel Corporation broke up a five-
hour meeting without word of
agreement.
The negotiators said only that
"we are continuing our meetings,"
Picket lines appeared at steel
mills across the country.
No Work Without Contract
The union had made it clear it
would not work without a contract
and the rank and file wasted no
time going into action.
David J. McDonald, president of
the CIO United Steelworkers, and
John A. Stephens, vice president
and chief negotiator for U.S. Steel
Corporation, declined to clarify the
situation as they emerged from
their long private negotiating hud-
dle in a downtown hotel.
Both apparently agreed with re-
porters' statements that a nation-
wide steel strike seemed to be on,
an hour after the midnight dead-
line for the walkout.
Personal Bargaining
They had been meeting, flanked
by attorneys, for four houra
stral ht.
From time to time McDonald
sent word to secondary union nego-
tiators, assembled in a ballroom
of the William Penn Hotel nearby,
telling them to stand by for fur-
ther word about his personal bar-
gaining with Stephens.
It was expected that any deal
worked out between McDonald and
Stephens for the union and U.S.
Steel Corp. would be a pattern for
the rest of the steel industry, as
has been the traditional procedure
in the past.
Workers Restless
Restless steelworkers throughout
the nation began walking off the
job hours before midnight.
In scattered areas steelworkers
left work-either because of re-
sulting layoffs or gun-jumping on
the strike deadline. The incidents
were few, however.
Backgrounded by such a pic-
ture McDonald Stephens battled
with words over how much of a
pay increase workers are entitled
to receive.
Reports persisted that the cor-
poration has made several offer
in day-long negotiations. No fig-
ures were quoted by the top of
ficials.
Negotiations in Recess
Actually, McDonald is pressing
96 basic steel and iron ore m.
ing companies for a wage increas
which would benefit 600,000 un-
ion members. They now earn a
average of $2.33 an hour.
Negotiations with the othei
firms have been in recess fo
some time.
Usually the other companie
stand by until U.S. Steel makes a
decision then adopt the geera
pattern of agreement as terms fo
their own contracts
Last Thursday McDonald re.
jected as completely inadequat
an offer by Big Steel to increas
workers' wages an average of 1
. cents an hour. Several other bli
. steel companies made similar of
fers and received like replies fro
McDonald.

In Washington, White Housi
press secretary James Hagerty
said the Eisenhower administra-
tion policy was to "wait and see"
what happened.
Fliers' Fate
Still Uncertain
TOKYO- () -Bright summe
weather today gave another day o
grace to urgent efforts to rescue

action to prevent the official
change from ever being enacted.
No action was instigated, how-
ever.
When Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams signed the bill, he remarked
"This state is certainly big
enough for two state-supported
universities."

High School Purchase
Rests on Street Closing
The University has informed the Ann Arbor school board that
its purchase of the Ann Arbor High School building is contingent
upon the closing of Thayer St.
In a special letter to the school board, Vice-President Wilbur
K. Pierpont declared that purchase of the school building would
depend on closing the street.
Last week the University asked the City Council to approve

closing the street. Mayor William
that expansion of the University
would be unwise, and discouraged

Peron About
Ready To End
Church Feud
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina OP)
-There were signs yesterday that
President Juan D. Peron would
like to patch up his 8-month-old
feud with the Roman Catholic
Church.
Peron's indicated reversal of
policy toward the church is re-
ported to have set in since the
June 16 naval-air revolt against
him.
A report circulated by high dip-
lomatic and government sources
said a special emissary is coming
here from the Vatican.
Another report from diplomat-
ic sources said President Peron
sp. n Nr- oo TT .m.ceYA o

That was one reason why the
initial tests of the vaccine for
the mass inoculation program
was less stringent than that for
the material used in the field
trials in 1954. It takes as many as
30 monkeys to test a single lot
of vaccine.
Besides the economy of the
placental tissue material it has
one other advantage, the re-
searchers said. It does not pose
a hazard of causing an allergic
reaction due to the presence of
tiny amounts of kidney tissue in
the vaccine.
Highway Bids
To Open Soon
Michigan State Highway De-
partment will take bids July 20
on approximately ten miles of

YOUNG FORD'S MISTAKES:
Maneuvering Won GAW Says Reuther

By The Associated Press
How do you get a major eco-
nomic concession, such as guaran-
teed layoff pay, from industry?
You keep maneuverability, says
Walter Reuther.
The perpetual twinkle in Reuth-
er's blue-gray eyes can be inter-
preted in several ways.
You might see in it a sense of
amusement. Or continuing opti-
mism and self-confidence. Or a
challenge to a battle of wits. Or a
sense of triumphant mischief, as
though he had just swallowed a
Ford vice-president for lunch and
was getting ready to carve up
General Motors' higher echelons
for dinner.
Layoff Pay

no maneuverability. They were so
certain they wouldn't have to yield
on the GAW thing in any form.
Stock-Purchase Plan
"So, after Ford gave us the
principle of GAW, General Motors
had to grab the Ford package in
a hurry. They had no time to
make any changes.
"Now, go bacl to Ford. Ford of-
fered us a stock-purchase plan.
We immediately saw it was the
same as the one GM had offered,
and we rejected it. Yet, Ford
thought they had us in a box. But
within 30 minutes, I had already
figured how we'd get out of that
position.
"Ford's strategy was this. Their
'partnership in prosperity' pack-

refused my invitation to address a
union meeting and tell about his
plan. His second mistake was to
write me a letter suggesting that
the Ford proposal be put to a se-
cret vote.
"They thought they had us in
this box," the union leader con-
5inued. "But here is where we had
to maneuver. We had to change
the situation so that it would be
a choice between two plans -
theirs and ours-and not a choice
between theirs and a strike.
Not Put to Vote
"So I said to John Bugas (chief
Ford negotiator), "We're both in-
terested in greater security for
Ford workers, aren't we?' "He said,
'Yes.' I said, you're convinced the
Fulnrw onrs reeryovr nan.

E. Brown remarked at the time
in the central part of the. city
hasty approval of street closings
by the Council.
Addition Planned
Use of Ann Arbor High School
has been planned for the speech
department, S u r v e y Research
Center offices and Reserve Offi-
cers Training Corps headquarters
by the University. An addition
to the building, if purchased by
the University, has been planned.
The state Legislature voted $1,-
000,000 of the purchase price for
the building to the University re-
cently. A guarantee that the ad-
ditional $400,000 needed to buy
the school would be granted next
year was made by the Legislature.
Request Being Studied
University request to close
Thayer St. is now being studied
by the Traffic and Safety Com-
mittee of the City Council. School
Superintendent Jack Elzay will
soon present his views on the
street closing to the Committee.
Failure of the University to
purchase the high school would
mean the immediate loss of the
$1,400,000 purchase price.

MEMP

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