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August 06, 1955 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1955-08-06

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ETWO

THE MICHIGAN DATIM

OAPrTTOTA,7 Airrr4y'ram d tA*w

ii iS U1* ii S i.S t S ,l mna.. -eie^

SATURDAY, AUGUST 6, 1955

Sixty-Fifth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. ° ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only. This must be noted in all reprints.
LANDY CASE:
Navy Carries Guilt
By-Association to Extreme

Big League Ball

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Harold Talbott Played
Politics with Air Force

14

By JIM DYGERT
JUST WHEN we were thinking that perhaps
the nation was on. the.. road back to its
senses, what with the decline of Senator Mc-
Carthy et al, the Merchant Marine Academy
throws us into a relapse by denying a reserve
commission to one of its top cadets on the
ground that his mother was once a Commu-
nist.
Much has already been written and said
about 'guilt by association' or 'security risk by
association' in cases where the only ill effect,
on the victim, when the fireworks were over,
was a ruined reputation. In this latest case,
however, more concrete damage was done.
Cadet Eugene Landy graduated with second
highest honors in his class from the United
States Marine Academy. He received his schol-
astic honors, his degree and his license as a
merchant marine officer, but not his reserve
commission. He stood with his hand not
raised with the rest of his class in dress white
uniform while -the ensign's oath was adminis-
tered at Kings Point, New York.
Although Landy was the second highest in
his class and termed "one of the brightest
students we have ever had" by an academy
spokesman, he was notified almost on the eve
of his graduation that he would not be com-
missioned. His career in admiralty law may
well suffer as a result, and without the com-
mission that merchant marine graduates nor-
mally receive, he will be subject to the draft,
though he plans to attend the Yale Law School.
on a scholarship.
The only reason given by the Navy Depart-
ment was that Landy was "extremely close
to his mother and she has been a Communist."
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Russia Still
To Make Su
By J. M. ROBERTS °
Associated Press News Analyst
SOVIET RUSSIA wants a period of coexist-
ence for her own purposes without .giving
up one of her big political weapons - her
ability to make a surprise attack.
Rejection by Premier Bulganin of President
Eis'enhower's proposal for an exchange of mili-
tary blueprints and aerial inspection to elimi-
nate the possibilities of surprise attack was
expected:
The Russians made it clear at Geneva that
their sweetness and light campaign represented
no change of basic policy, and that they would
do the things the world demands to achieve
peace only when it furthers their own inter-
ests.
Bulganin keeps referring to the Russian plan
for disarmament as though it, too, contained
a specific inspection clause. The trouble with
that is it would be set up under the Security
Council of the United Nations, where Russia
could veto every move which interfered with
her activities or interests.
The rejection of the blueprint plans is made
in the friendly tone recently adopted by the

The Department neither questioned Landy's
own loyalty nor added to this explanation, ex-
cept to say that the denial of his commission
was "a considered action by the navy."
DENYING A MAN a position of trust-a po-
sition necessary surrounded by security
precautions-on a basis of association with a
person or persons of highly questionable loy-
alty has been so roundly criticized in recent
years that officials applying security regula-
tions seemed to be going about their job with
more sanity of late. But the Navy is an ex-
ception.
Denying a commission to Landy certainly
was not justified. In the first place, a reserve
commission would not have put him in a posi-
tion in which he could have been a threat to
the nation's security even if he wanted to be.
Secondly, supposing it were an important
position, there was no proof at' all that Landy
was a security risk. In fact, all the evidence
clearly showed he. was not. According to his
mother, who had been a member of the Com-
munist Party for ten years, Landy talked her
into quitting the Party in 1947. "He sort of
gave me an ultimatum that I quit or he would
leave home," she said. Landy called his politi-
cal views "pretty conservative."
But the Navy Department had nothing
against Landy or his views. They only sus-
pected that because his mother had been a
Communist-ignoring that she quit because
of her son-he was too great a risk. Guilt by
association or risk by association has always
been illogical and unfair thinking, but the
Navy Department is carrying it to absurd
extremes.
Has Ability
prise A ttack
Russian leaders, with praise for Eisenhower's
attempt even while disagreeing with him.
Bulganin attempts to make the point that
the Eisenhower plan does not cover American
military bases around the world, without men-
tioning Russia's own in the satellites. He skips
the uses made of Red China in the Korean
War which Russia sponsored.
To meet the world demand for deeds rather
than words to prove her peaceful intent, Russia
has produced two things. She went through, 10
years; late, with an Austrian treaty designed
to start the ball rolling toward the period of
relaxed tensions she now enjoys. She agreed
to the Eisenhower atoms-for-peace plan from
which she will get important technological
benefits.
On the points in which the world is primarily
interested, such as reunification of Germany
and an end to the international Communist
subversion campaign, she is unyielding and even
defiant.
The primary result of the sweetness and light
campaign to date, then, is a stalemate on major
issues - a stalemate in an atmosphere which
seems to be just what the Russians wanted.

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

r

Arp! Arp! " .*"
To The Editor:
The most fascinating item of the
week from a newspaper which
never lacks for fascinating items
is Mr. Arp's opinion of Fidelio.
That it is a "pompous, bombastic
opera, a ponderously Mozartian
drama of courage and freedom." If
Fidelio is like a ponderous Mozart-
ian drama, "it gains by so being, I
should say. But the question is
complicated by what "ponderous
drama" means, and better, by
what it means when connected
with the name of Mozart. Surely
the reviewer is touched by some
auricular disturbance? Or does it
go deeper? And is it outrof order
to suggest that The Daily retire
its aging veterans periodically and
discover fresher, more fascinat-
ing talent?
--L. L Orlin
* * *
'Windy Pomposities' .".
To the Editor:
We all knew what we were in for
when we heard that the inim-
itable Mr. Arp had suddenly don-
ned the purple mantle of musical
criticism, and none of us were
the least bit disappointed. The
whole review of "Fidelio" went
exactly as expected, with its usual
quota of improvements on New
Yorker prose that we have grown
used to for many, many years at
this institution of higher learning.
Again we were vastly entertained
by his unusual artistic sympathies,
and staggered in admiration of his
being able to put such an over-
blown nineteenth century roman-
tic as that idiot Beethoven in his
place. Now I understand Mr. Arp
has become sort of a campus
legend for quite a space of time.
For some years he has been an
indelible influence on the lives of
every loyal resident of the Univer-
sity of Michigan and of Ann Ar-
bor. His sage authority on motion
pictures has singlehandedly revo-
lutionized the whole cinema in-
dustry, for after all, when Mr. Arp
writes an unfavorable review, nat-
urally no one in his right mind
would ever think of patronizing
such a movie. Now he has turned
his rare talents to that most diffi-
cult of the arts, music, and it is
with a feeling of joyful suspense
that I contemplate the great possi-
bilities of such a venture. Just
think, we poor ignorant music lov-
ers will no longer have to endure
the windy pomposities of Beeth-
oven, Brahms, Berlioz, Tchaikov-
sky, Wagner and those other in-
effectual creatures who dared to
write not in accordance with the
dictum from Mr. Arp's Parnassus!
At any rate, since Mr. Arp has
been in Ann Arbor so long, it really
would be a pity if he should ever
leave us for greener literary pas-
tures. I am inclined to think,
however, that he will remain here
for quite some time - perhaps
forever. I don't quite believe, un-
fortunately, that the rest of Am-

who actually like such worthless
trash and are unable to reach Mr.
Arp's peerless intellectual strata!
--William Zakariasen
Reuther's Speech .,.
To the Editor:
THE OTHER day this campus
had the privilege of hearing
Walter P. Reuther deliver one of
ais fine orations. The anti-man-
agement insinuations and distor-
tions were to be expected. The au-
lience was visibly impressed when
Mr. Reuther claimed that General
Motors' after tax profit of $350,-
)00,000 for the second quarter of
1955 represented a return on in-
vestment of 42 per cent. Taking
the generally accepted definition
of investment, this statement is an
extreme falsehood; one that is
alarming in view of the large num-
ber of grade school and high
school teachers who were present.
If General Motors earned this
same amount in each of the four
quarters of this year, they would
earn after taxes about $1,406,220,-
320. (4 x $351,555,080.). General
Motors investment is as follows:
$5.00 preferred stock $ 183,564,400
$3.75 preferred stock 100,000,000
Debentures .........300,000,000
Common stock-par 464,472,500
Capital stock, paid in surplus..
................. 354,971,733
Retained earnings.. 3,035,644,236
$4,438,652,869
Dividing this out, we find that
Eor the whole year, G.M. would
earn only 31.7%. Mr. Reuther
clearly gave the impression that

earnings for the second quarter
were equal to 42%. In addition to
this falsehood, one should remem-
ber that auto companys always
do significantly better in the sec-
ond and 'third quarters than they
do during the rest of the year.
Mr. Reuther stressed the prin-
cipals of negotiating on the basis
of economic fact, and of main-
taining a single set of moral stan-
dards. I seriously wonder if Mr.
Reuther practices what he preach-
es.
-Willard F. Beard
Thayer Street . .
To the Editor:
IN THE editorial yesterday by
Jim Dygert there appears an
error which has been reappearing
time after time in articles on the
present controversy with the city
over the Thayer Street closing. In
November 1954 the Ann Arbor
News, in an article on the pur-
chase of the school, clearly stated
that the University had indicat-
ed to the School Board that the
purchase of the High School was
dependent upon the closing of the
school board. The public was again
reminded of this by an editorial
in the Ann Arbor News on July 8,
1955.
It seems clear that the Univer-
sity did not spring this on the city.
[t also seems clear that someone,
has conveniently forgotten this
previous announcement, either in-
advertently or deliberately.
--John M. Hale
Director, West Quadrangle

By DREW PEARSON
W ASHINGTON-The full story
of how Harold Talbott played
politics with the nation's Air
Force for the benefit of politi-
cal friends is a long way from
being told. It penetrates deep into
the American political system and
illustrates how those who contrib-
ute in presidential campaigns
Maim-and sometimes get - de-
fense contracts at the expense of
American defense.
And since the Air Force is now
the most important arm of Aiher-
ican offense-defense, and because
there is no place where politics
is more dangerous than the
irmed services, this column in-
tends to tell more of the Talbott
story. It will take several install-
ments.
The first installment pertains
to the manner in which Talbott
canceled two contracts with the
American Hydrotherm Co., in fa-
vor of a company newly organ-
ized by the brother of Governor
:aleb Boggs of Delaware.
The new company had prac-
tically no personnel, little experi-
ence and was incorporated only
on May 18 to begin a job on June
30. Yet Talbott took unusual steps
to let it get the' job-after re-
.eiving letters from Senators
John Williams of Delaware and
John Butler of Maryland, Repub-
Licans.
The breaking of the American
Hydrotherm contract was some-
what similar to Talbott's attempt-
ed breaking of the Kaiser Com-
pany's contract for an aluminum
extrusion press near Baltimore.
Harvey Aluminum officials had
contributed to the Eisenhower
campaign, and Talbott, a big cam-.
paign-money raiser, wanted to
help them.
FIVE-YEAR CONTRACT
HERE IS THE amazing story of
how politics, not merit, gover-
led the Air Force award of an
mportant contract:
American Hydrotherm first got
'he Air Force contract to heat the
IdATS base at Mountai Home,
Idaho. It was a negotiated con-
;r'act based on the bids of three
or four qualified heating experts,
and while being negotiated, Am-
erican Hydrotherm offered to fur-
rash the experts for Heating Dov-
er, Del., and McGuire Field at
Fort Dix for 10 per cent less.
The Air Force agreed and a five-
rear contract, subject to cancella-
tion at the end of every year, was
tentatively arranged.
Time, however, dragged on. And
when it came to final signing, the
Air Force demanded that the con-
tract be not for five years but sub-
ject to cancellation every 30 days.
POLITICALLY MINDED
TALBOTT
WHAT HAD happened was that
the politically minded Secre-
tary of the Air Force, anxious to
please Senators, had written a
letter to Senator John Marshall
Butler of Maryland stating that
a mistake had been made and that
he would see that the heating con-
tracts were canceled and re-adver-
tised.
T h e American Hydrotherm
Company immediately protested.
"You've already made public our
bid," Oliver Johnson, the Hydro-
therm representative told air Ma-
terial procurement, "Now you give
the price of our manpower to our
competitors and our competitors
can come in and underbid us."
Politics is politics, however, in
Talbott's Air Force,
American Hydrotherm's con-
tract was to expire June 30. On
June 29 its .representatives went
to Wright Field, were told the Air
Force couldn't talk, to come back
at noon.
At noon, the word was "we can
tell you nothing, come back at 2
p.m."

At 2 p.m., the word was "come
back at 4 p.m."-then 4:30.
At 4:50, they were told: "We
ire under instructions to say noth-
ing to you."
"But we are under contract,"
Johnson protested. "That contract
expires at midnight June 30. We
have a force of men on the job. In
fairness we have to give them no-
tice. You can't fire 60 men with-
out notice."
Despite this, it was only at 4:30
p.m. on June 30 that American
Hydrotherm's installation engineer
at Dover and McGuire Field were
told by total strangers that some-
one else was taking over. The de-
lay in notification obviously was
for the purpose of letting the new
company hire the oil technicians
away from American Hydrotherm.
The new company turned out to
oe Plant Management Corp., or-
,.anized a few weeks before by Cal-
vin Boggs. brother of the Repub-
ti c a n Governor of Delaware
friendly to both Secretary Talbott
and Senator Williams of Dela-
ware. 'Governor Boggs was put in

tactics, however, it managed to
hire all the 22 men American Hy-
drotherm had at McGuire Field.
At over, the Boggs group also
managed to hire Clyde Thompson,
who had quit American Hydro-,
therm a few weeks earlier for al-
leged "medical reasons." Despite
his alleged bad health, Thompson
turned up later working with the
Boggs firm. He had access to the
cost figures andknow-how of the
,ompany which had plenty of tech-
nical know-how but not political
know-how.
At Dover the Boggs group is now
operating with three men, instead
of the 23 men used by American
Hydrotherm. Only one of them has
ever 'ad any experience running
a high temperature plat. It is
paid $186,845.36 at Dover and
$190,859 at McGuire Field.
Note-Here is how the Du Ponts
Af Delaware contributed to the
Republican Party when Harold
ralbott was chief money-raiser for
Dewey in 1948; Lammot Du Pont,
$2,000; Irenee Du Pont Jr., $2,000;
Irenee Du Pont Sr., $2,000; I. Bo-
phie Du Pont May, $2,000; Octavia
M. Du Pont Bredin, $1,000; Marle
ma M. Dui Pont Silliman, $2,000;
Lucile Du Pont Flint, $2,000; R. R.
R. Carpenter (a Du Pont in-law)
$2,000; Pierre S. Dii Pont, 3rd.
$2,000-all in May and June to
the Republican senatorial commit-
tee. Simultaneously, Irenee Jr.,
Irenee Sr., and I. Sophie Du Pont
Aay contributed $2,000 each to
the Republican National. Commit-
tee plus $1,000 each to the GOP
Congressional Committee. And on
July 30, Octavia Du Pont Bredin,
Mariana Du Pont Silliam, and Lu-
cille Du Pont Flint each gave $1,-
000 to the GOP Congressional
Committee, while on Aug. 2, Pierre
S. Du Pont, 3rd, gave $1,000 to the
same committee. Again, on Aug-
ist 18, Pierre, 3rd, gave $2,000 to
the GOP National Committee.
COTTON BOTHERS BENSON
THE DIFFICULT question of
what-to do with the Southern
warehouses now bulging with cot-
ton was debated back and forth at
I White House meeting last week
-in the end with no solution. Pre-
sident Eisenhower, who listened
attentively but said. little, finally
decreed: "I will have to take this
up In the Cabinet."
The meeting, attended by ,Con-
gressional leaders of the cotton
bloc, was precipitated by Secre-
tary Benson's plan to dump Com
nodity Credit cotton owned by
the government on the foreign
market at a lower price than do-
mestic cotton.
"This is no time for the go.
ernment to dump cotton," remon-
strated Senator Olin Johnston of
South Carolina. "It will be just
the time when cotton is being
picked and when the small farmer
has to sell his crop immediately to
buy meat and bread. He's already
borrowed on his crop and he has
to sell immediately. Any govern-
ment sales now will just depress
the market."
Congresman Harold Cooley of
North Carolina agreed.
Secretary Benson told the legis-
lators that he and his aides were
doing everything possible to find
outlets for the cotton surplus. He
reminded them that we are no
longer on a wartime economy and
there is less demand for cotton.
Also he said that any export dis-
posal on a large scale must be done
with the approval of the State De-
Partment so as not to harm the
conomy of friendly nations.
Benson's arguments were chal-
lenged by Congressman Jamie
Whitten of Mississippi, who claim-
ed the Agriculture Department was
not doing all it could to relieve the
:otton surplus,
'Atonone point Iisenhower re

marked: "Rather than throw cot-
ton on the world market and win
the enmity of other nations, it
might be better to subsidize it."
In the end he said he would take
the matter up in cabinet-where
incidentally, Secretary of the Trea-
sury Humphrey usually expresses
the deciding voice on these eco-
comic matters.
INVITATION TO
PUERTO RICANS??
CONGRESSMAN PETE RODINO
of New Jersey is a good public
servant, but he ought to be more
careful about the lives of fellow
Congressmen.
Ever since a band of Puerto Ri-
ians opened up on the House of
Representatives in March, 1954,
strict control has been ordered of
visitors to the House gallery. Con-
gressmen may issue visitors' pass-
es, but these must be numbered. A
complete record is also supposed
to be kept of the name and com-
plete address of each visitor. Un-
der the new security regulations,
these visitors' green passes must
be handed out directly by the Con-
cressmn'c nfficeanr ca.nnnt even

/

a~

J
3

CURRENT MOVIES

I r l l I

At the State
THE MAN FROM LARAMIE,
with James Stewart
HERE SEEMS to be an attempt in the high-
budget westerns, intentional or not, to
imitate the close family conflicts of Greek
drama. This film, like "Broken Lance," is
concerned for the most part with a powerful
patriarch who has carved his monolithic cattle
ranch from Indian land and who is not pre-
pared to let anything take is away from him.
This forms the scene into which James
Stewart rides with his mission. Stewart's
brother has been killed in an Apache massacre,
and Stewart is ben upon annihilating any
man who would sell rifles to Apaches. Upon
his arrival in Coronado, New Mexico, from
Laramie, he is besieged by the son and foreman
of Donald Crisp, who owns three days' ride in
all directions from the town.
Crisp loves his son (Alex Nicol) almost as
much - not quite -- as he loves his land, and
his son is one of the more despictable charac-
ters to turn up in a while. It's not that he
The Daily Staff
Managing Editors.................. Cal Samra
Jim Dygert
NIGHT EDITORS
Mary Lee Dingier, Marge Piercy, Ernest Theodossin
Dave Rorabacher .. ... _ Snr ts Editor

dissipates in any of the approved ways; he just
sells guns to Apaches. His doting father has
pampered him since the death of his mother,
but has charged his foreman (Arthur Kennedy)
with keeping a restraining eye on him.
The foreman behaves as a real son should,
and the father relizes it. But blood is thick,
and the foreman has to double as a whipping
boy. Consequently he has problems too, and
is drawn into the gun-selling plot. This leaves
only the father and The Man from Laramie
in the dark; each would like the sales to end,
but each has his own reasons.
With the four-way conflict which results
there are a number of incidents and discoveries
possible, and most of them are realized. Further
potentialities exist in the father's niece, who is
engaged to the foreman but in love with The
Man, and in an elderly woman who owns the
only rival ranch and is in love with the father.
The women behave as might be expected, and
there are love-duty conflicts too. It's easy to
imagine how many issues of the Saturday
Evening Post were involved in telling this tale.
T HE PERFORMANCES are not much to speak
of. James Stewart must not have worked
too hard, probably because he didn't have to.
It is enough for him to amble around with a
cryptic "I've got a mission" look and fend off
the concerted attacks of the other characters.
Donald Crisp and Alex Nicol are intense, and
Arthur Kennedy manages to be good in the
beginning and bad at the end. Cathy O'Donnell

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication init is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3553 Administration Building before
2 p.m. the day preceding publication
(before 10 a.m. on Saturday). Notice
of lectures, concerts and organization
meetings cannot be published oftener
than twice.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 6, 1955
VOL. LXVI, NO. 33
Notices
Law School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Admission
Test on Aug. 6 are requested to report
to Room 100, Hutchins Hall at 8:45
a.m. Sat.
Late permission for women students
who attended the Speech Department
production "Fidelio" at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater on Aug. 4 will be
no later than 11:00 p.m.
Lectures
Dr. Jacob C. Hurewitz of Columbia
University will speak on "The Geneva
Conference and the Near East" Mon.,
Aug. 8 at 4:15 p.m.. Aud. A. Anall

of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
School of Education, School of Music,
School of Public Health, School of
Business Administration:
Students are advised not to request,
grades of I or X in August. When such
grades are absolutely imperative, the
work must be made up in time to
allow your instructor to report the
make-up grade not later than 11:00
a.m., Aug. 18. Grades received after
that time may defer the student's
graduation until a later date.
Recommendations for Departmental
Honors: Teaching departments wishing
to recommend tentative August gradu-
ates from the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, and the School
of Education for departmental honors
(or high honors in the College of
L.S.&A.) should recommend such stu-
dents in a letter delivered to the
Office of Registration and Records,
Room 1513 Administration Building, be-
fore Aug. 18.
Doctoral Examination for Paul Robey
Bryan, Jr., Music; thesis: "The Sym-
phonies of Johann Vanhal," Sat., Aug.
6, East Council Room, Rackham Bldg.,
at 10:00 a.m. Chairman J. H. Lowell.
Doctoral Examination for Gilbert
Henri Beguin, Engineering Mechanics;
thesis: "On Certain Plane Strain Prob-
lems for Some Partially Infinite Do-
mains," Mon., Aug. 8, 218 West Engi-

<'*

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