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July 23, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-07-23

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A Question of Semantics
See Page 2

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HOT, HUMID

VOL.LXV, No. 25S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1955

FOUR PAGES

I

Foreign Aid
Cut Stopped
By Senate
Heed Pleas To Back
President Eisenhower
WASHINGTON (M) - Heeding
plea§ to back up President Dwight
D. Eisenhower at Geneva, the
Senate yesterday turned down a
move to chop 420 million dollars
from the $3,205,841,750 foreign
aid bill.
The Senate's action in passing
the bill handed the President a
big victory while he was thou-
sands of miles away negotiating
with the Russians at the Geneva
Big Four meeting.
Senators supporting the admin-
istration on the foreign aid issue
used the argument that nothing
should be done that could be in-
terpreted as a slap at the Presi-
dent while he was at Geneva.
Concentrate on Defeat
Senators supporting cuts, led by
Sen. A. J. Ellender (D-La.), con-
centrated their eflorts on defeat-
ing this motion. They argued par-
ticularly that the administration
has on hand 8/2 billion of un-
spent foreign aid funds, and does
not need the full amount it asked
for this year.
Sen. Ellender argued that many
of the recipients of the aid now
are enjoying prosperity and yet
the United States must continue
to go into the red to pay for the
big assistance grants.
But Sen. Carl Hayden (D-
Ariz.), chairman of the Appro-
priations Committee and floor
manager for the bill, called on
his colleagues to support the Pres-
ident, particularly with the Big
Four parley in its concluding
stages.
"A Colossal Blunder"
Sen. E. M. Dirksen (R-Ill.),
speaking against the cut, said it
would be a "colossal blunder" for
this country to tell the world it
plans to forsake its friends. Deny-
ing that foreign aid is a give- away
program, Sen. Dirksen shouted
"This is the most selfish program
we have, We're doing it to save
our own skins."
Sen. Harry F. Byrd (D-Va) said
that if Congress can end foreign
aid spending altogether, the gov-
ernment will be able to balance
the budget and cut taxes across
k< the board by 5% per cent.
Board Accepts
Gifts, Grants
Of $669,818
Gifts and grants amounting to
$669,818.53 were accepted by the
Board of Regents at its July
meeting yesterday.
Two grants from the Ford
Foundation totaling $228,250 were
among those accepted. One grant
of $220,250 is for the development
and improvement of work in the
behaviorial sciences.
The second grant from the Ford
Foundation was for $8,000 for
grants-in-aid to assist graduate
-, students in the field of Near East-
ern Studies and at the Universi-
ty's Center for Japanese Studies
during the 1955-56 year.
Two Polio Grants
Two grants totaling $85,051
were received from the National
Foundation for Infantile Paraly-
sis.
One of $72,787 is for research to
free more polio patients from iron

lungs. The grant will support re-
search and patient care at the
Poliomyelitis Respiratory Center
under the direction of Dr. David
G. Dickinson.
The other grant, for $12,264,
is fir a study of the electrical ac-
tivity of muscles used in breath-
ing. The project is under the di-
rection of Dr. George H. Koepke.
Rockefeller Grants
The Regents accepted two
grants from the Rockefeller Foun-
dation of New York. One is for a
sum up to $84,000 additional for
the Rockefeller-Kyoto fund for
the period ending Mar. 31, 1959.
See REGENTS, Page 4
Francis Appointed
Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr., chair-
man of the epidemiology depart-
ment in the public health school,
has been appointed a member of
the Armed Forces Epidemiological
Board for a four year term begin-
ning Sent. 1.

Regents Accept
Building Plans

R

ussia,

West

in

Deadlock

Pharmacy College Degree Program PV
Change Approved; Flag Accepted

German

Unification

BY JIM DYGERT
Preliminary plans and blueprints and an architects' model of the
new $1,700,000 Student Activities Building were accepted by the
University Board of Regents at its July meeting yesterday.
Presented as part of a plant extension report, the plans called
for a total floor space of 56,000 sqare feet to be used for offices
of student activities.
The Regents also approved a change requested by the pharmacy
college making a five-year program necessary for a pharmacy degree

Promotions
Announced
By Regents

Dr. Morley B.

Beckett wasI

appointed director of University
Health Service by the Board of
Regents at its July meeting yes-
terday.
The Regents also appointed Dr.
James G.. Miller, Dr. Ralph W.
Gerard and Anatol Rapoport to the
Medical School faculty as the first
appointees to the new Mental
Health Research Unit of the Neu-
ropsychiatric Institute.
Dr. Beckett, now director of the
Veterans Administration Hospital
in Ann Arbor, will take over his
new post Aug. 15. Succeeding Dr.
Warren Forsythe as Health Service
head, he was also appointed to the
public health school faculty.
To Begin Research
Dr. Miller, Dr. Gerard and Rapo-
port will initiate and organize re-
search activities in the new Mental
Health Research Unit which will
be financed from a $175,000 appro-
priation from the Legislature.
With Dr. Miller coordinating ac-
tivities, the three will focus their

>instead of the present four-year
curriculum.
A new flag of the University in
colors of "ripening maize and azure
blue" designed by Prof. Walter J.
Gores of the architecture college
was accepted by the Regents.
Also approved was a cooperative
program between the natural re-
sources school and Northland Col-
lege of Ashland, Wisconsin.
Lewis Outlines Uses
Presenting the Student Activi-
ties Building plans to the Regents,
Vice-President for Student Affairs
James A. Lewis outlined the sched-
uled uses of the structure.
The Student Book Exchange and
the Art Print Loan Collection will
have permanent headquarters in
the basement of the new building,
according to the plans.
Admnistrative offices of the
major student activities will be on
the first floor. These include Stu-
dent Government Council, Inter-
fraternity Council,, Inter-House
Council, Panhellenic and Assembly
Association.
The Dean of Women's office will
also be located on the first floor,
with the Dean of Men's office on
the second floor.
Second Floor Offices
Also on the second floor will be
offices of various student activities.
The third floor will house mainly
meeting rooms. A separate, lower
section of the building will contain
workshops to be used by.' various
student groups.
Construction of the building is
scheduled for September. Years of
planning and study have gone into
the structure, which will face on
Jefferson St. with its sides bound-
ed by Thompson and Maynard
Streets. Condemnation proceedings
are now under way against prop-
erty owners whose refusal to sell
has held up construction.
Five other building projects
were included in the plant exten-
sion report accepted by the Re-
gents.
Excavation Completed
The excavation for the Ford
Nuclear Reactor and Building on
the new North Campus is complete
and exterior walls are being pour-
ed. Heating lines are being in-
stalled from the Phoenix Building.
Plans and specifications for the
second group of Northwood Apart-
ments on the North Campus will be
ready for presentation to contrac-
tors for bids in August.
Plans and specifications for the
Uni ersity Press Building have
gone to bidders, with bids to be
received Thursday.
Concerning the Fluid Mechanics
Building, the University is looking
for a site location.
The change in the pharmacy
college curriculum was requested
unanimously by the faculty of the
college to provide greater back-
ground of liberal education for
pharmacy students.

Ike Appeals
To Russians
For Peace
President Urges Free
Exchange of Ideas
GENEVA (P)-Still awaiting a
Soviet reply to his offer to trade
military information, President
Dwight D. Eisenhower appealed to
the Russians yesterday to tear
down the Iron Curtain and per-
mit freer contact between the East
and West.
He took the spotlight again at
the Big Four summit conference.
Elimination of mutual distrust,
increased trade, a free and friend-
ly exchange of ideas and peoples
were envisaged by the President
in the breaking down of barriers.
Conference Nears Close
"By working together toward all
these goals," he said, "we can do
much to transform this century
of recurring conflict into a century
of enduring and invigorating
peace. This, I assure you, the Unit-
ed States of America devoutly de-
sires-as I know all of us do."
With the summit conference
nearing its close, there was still
no inkling of the Russian attitude
toward the dramatic arms propos-
al President Eisenhower laid be-
fore the Russians Thursday-a
proposal hailed by Western com-
mentators variously as "astonish-
ing . . . gratifying . . . grand ..
somewhat bizarre."
Trade Blueprints
The parley will end today, if
the Americans have their way.
That gives the Russians the nal
day on which to say whether they
will agree to trade blueprints of
military plans with America, and
fly their photographic planes over
the United States while American
pilots photograph Russia.
So great was the log jam of busi-
ness that the foreign ministers
wereunable to complete their re-
port on German unification and
security.
The Russians indicated that
Premier Nikolai Buganin was pre-
pared to reply to President Eisen-
hower's arms plan, but not a word
was said from that side during
yesterday afternoon's brief session.
Quartet
The Stanley Quartet will
give its second concert at 8:30
p.m. Tuesday in Rackham Lec-
ture Hall.
Music to be heard includes
the Mozart Quartet in D Mi-
nor, K. 421, Prof. Ross Lee Fin-
ney's Quartet in A minor, No. 4
and the Brahms' Quartet in B
flat, Op. 67.
The public will be admitted
without charge.

ATOMS FOR PEACE-President Dwight D. Eisenhower questions a guide about- working parts of
an atomic reactor installed in the United Nations' European headquarters at Geneva in prepara-
tion for next month's international atoms for peace conference. The President viewed the exhibit
before going to summit conference of the Big Four in the same area.
THAYER CONTROVERSY:
Campus Expansion Plans Discussed

European
Priorities
Big Issue

The area occupied by the Ann
Arbor High School building is
an integral part in developing the
University campus, University
President Harlan H. Hatcher told
the Regents yesterday.
In a special report to the Re-
gents on his talks with city offi-
cials concerning, the University's
request for the closing of S. Thayer
Street between E. Huron St. and E.
Washington St., President Hatcher
outlined the necessary conditions
for purchasing the building.
"Numerous studies were made to
see if the high school building

l I

could be integrated into the cam-
pus so that the cost of purchasing
and remodeling it would be justi-
fied," PresidentsHatcher said.
Addition Necessary
It was found, President Hatcher
reported, that an addition would
have to be built onto the east side
of the building to "make it a prop-
erty we could justify and integrate
into the campus." This would
necessitate the closing of Thayer
Street.
President Hatcher and other
University officials have met with
Mayor William E. Brown, Jr., and

Alabama Legislature Tries
To Keep School egregation
MONTGOMERY, Ala. (W) - The Alabama Legislature took a bold,
far-reaching step to preserve classroom segregation yesterday by giving
local boards almost unlimited authority to determine where individual
pupils must attend school.
Without debate and without dissenting votes, the Senate passed
and sent to the governor a school placement measure previously
approved by the House. The roll o
call vote in the Senate was 32-0. and personal character. Governor
The bill gives city and county James E. Folsom has not indicated
school boards unprecendented po-James atFonsom haslnotki.dHcated
lice power to "assure social order, what action he will take. He has
good will and the public welfare" six days after the bill reaches his
in the assignment of pupils on the desk to sign .or veto it, or let it
grade school and high school level, become law without his approval.
It does not apply to institutions of The governor told reporters re-
higher learning.
Each schoolchild would be given cently he did not see "anything
his assignment on an individual seriously wrong" with it. The new-
basis, determined by what board ly approved segregation measure
members decide to be the best repeals a statutory barrier against
interests of the pupil and the integrated schools, but leaves un-
community and considering also disturbed an existing provision in
his intelligence, learning ability the state constitution that pro-
and personal character. hibits mixed attendance.

DR. MORLEY B. BECKETT
...new Health Service director
work on the University's .medical
center and the mental health
needs of the state. They have
worked together as a researc}' team
at the University of Chicago.
Scheduled to begin work in Sep-
tember, they will be joined later
by additional personnel.
The Regents made two other
appointments in the Medical
School. Minor J. Coon was ap-
pointed professor of biological
chemistry for the 1955-56 year.
He has been on the University of
Pennsylvania faculty since 1947.
Gerald P. Hodge, director of the
Louisiana State Medical School's
medical illustration department
since 1953, was named assistant
professor of medical illustration.
Two More Appointments
Two appointments were made in
the literary college. Prof. Raymond
See LEAVES, Page 4
West German
Rearmament
BONN, Germany (P) - The
West German parliament cleared
the way yesterday for a fast start
on the arming of 500,000 German
soldiers in the Atlantic alliance.
In a vote of confidence for
Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and
his pro-Western policies, the Bun-
desrat (upper house) overwhelm-
ingly passed two rearmament

other city officials to attempt "to
reach a settlement of mutual ad-
vantage to both Ann Arbor and the1
University," President Hatcher1
said.
The city has delayed action on
closing Thayer St. because of the
implications in Ann Arbor's al-
ready serious traffic congestion
problems.
Suggest Long-Range View
The president said he had pro-
posed to city officials that a long-
range view be taken in which the
University campus becomes more
strictly a campus and lass a part
of the city. He suggested that
the city cannot-continue using the
campus area for through traffic.
President Hatcher advised in-
stead that traffic be routed around
the campus area, either to the east
or to the west.
"Ann Arbor's traffic situationI
needs a major operation," he said.
Future Plans Outlined
City officials wanted to know
the University's future plans for
further development of the cam-
pus area. President Hatcher told
them that additional building in
the campus area would be kept
to an "absolute minimum" as a
matter of University policy, with
the main expansion to take place
on the new North Campus.
"But the University has basic
commitments in the maincampus
area," President Hatcher said.
Some parts of the University are
fixed in the main campus area, he
said, and any improvements in
them must be done in that area.
As examples, he cited the Law
School, the literary college, the
business administration school, the
quadrangles, the Union and Hill
Auditorium.
Professors
Reach Rank
Of Emeritus
Emeritus titles were conferred on
seven University faculty members
who have reached the age of 70 by
the Board of Regents yesterday.
Prof. Ralph W. Aigler of the Law
School was given the title professor
emeritus of law.
Esson M. Gale was named coun-
selor emeritus to foreign students
and director emeritus of the Inter-
national Center.
Prof. Charles L. Jamison of the
business administration school was
granted the title professor emeritus
of business policy.
Matthew Mann II was given the
titles supervisor emeritus in physi-
cal education and swimming coach
emeritus.
Prof. Izaiah L. Sharfman of the
economics deparament was named
professor emeritus of economics.

Hagerty Reports
Some Progress
GENEVA (A) - Russia and the
Western Powers deadlocked tightly
last night over the priorities to be
assigned terman unification and
European security in future nego-
tiations to solve those problems.
The deadlock became clear after
foreign ministers of the four pow-
ers had worked through the day
and into the night to try to find
a formula which would satisfy
both the Western and Russian
delegations to the summit confer-
ence. Russia insisted on giving top
priority to European security; the
West solidly backed top assignment
to German unification.
It appeared the whole program
would have to be resolved by Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower, Pre-
mier Nikolai Bulganin, Prime Min-
ister Anthony Eden and Premier
Edgar Faure when they meet in
private session today.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower,
still awaiting a Soviet reply to his
offer to trade military information,
appealed to the Russians yesterday
to join in removing the Iron Cur-
tain andbother barriers to freer
contact beween te East and
West.
Progress Reported
United States spokesman James
C. Hagerty said following the for-
eign ministers' night meeting that
some progress has been made on
all three problems before the min-
isters-German unification, Euro
pean security and disarmament.
Hagerty added that in his opin-
ion there are still four or five
points' of difference. He did not
specify the differences. He said
the points in controversy would be
presented to the heads of govern-
ment at their meeting this morn-
ing.
The task of the foreign ministers,
Hagerty said, has been to identify
the narrow the issues for presenta-
tion to the chiefs of government,.,
and he thinks they have made
progress in doing that already. The
American delegation believes that
such differences are normal and
to be expected at this stage of the
conference, late as it is, he said.
Unification Key
The importance of the differ-
ences seemed to be this: if the
Western powers accepted Russia's
priority for -European security, the
foreign ministers who will conduct
the follow-up negotiation after the
Geneva meeting would be com-
pelled to deal with that problem
first.
But President Eisenhower, Prime
Minister Eden and Premier Faure
have all argued here that the key
to European security is unification
rather than the creation, of an all-
European security system to re-
place the Western alliance, which
Bulganin has been arguing for.
Both British and French delegates
said that, as of last night, the
meeting was deadlocked.
The British spokesman, Sir
George Young, said the deadlock
throws into doubt a proposed
meeting of Big Four foreign minis-
ters tentatively agreed on for next
October.
Senators Seek
Food for Russia
WASHINGTON () - Sens. W.
E. Russell (D-Ga.) and -Milton R.
Young (R-N.'D.) said today that
if Russia moves to lower theIron
Curtain, as proposed by President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, the United
States should consider shipping
the Soviets needed food supplies.
President Eisenhower called at
the Geneva conference yesterday
for a lowering of the East-West
barriers against exchange of infor-

mation, travel and trade. His pro-
posal was endorsed by British

BEHRMAN'S HIGH COMEDY:
Amij) TJ
Mil Theatre To Presen Jane'
S. N. Behrman's comedy, "Jane,"
will be the third offering of the
Saline Mill Theater.
Opening at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday
: "for a three-week run, the play is
k= directed by Ted Heusel and stars
{ } ° Robin Hall in the title role.
k ."":A sophisticated high comedy set
in swank 1938 London society, the
work tells of a noted novelist and
man of the world, William Tower
(played by Howard Malpas),
whose middle-aged relation by
>... marriage, Jane, comes to the big
city to marry a young architect
twenty years her junior. Tower is
a caricature, of writer W. Somerset
Maugham.
Jane scandalizes Tower's wife
with her extreme candor and dow-
$<;> r > -- "diness. But once she is married,
.hr vnithful husband "reunhol-

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