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July 13, 1954 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1954-07-13

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See Page 4


Latest Deadline in the State





'Britain Also
Oposes Red
China in UN'
United Kingdom
Stands With U.S.
LONDON (0 - Prime Minister
}. Churchill said Monday Britain
stands with the United States in
opposing admission of Communist
China into the United Nations un-
der present conditions.
Simultaneously the Prime Minis-
ter hinted that President Eisen-
hower favors in principle his plan
for an informal meeting between
them and Soviet Premier Georgi
N. Malenkov.
Report to Commons
Reporting to the House of Com-
mons on his Washington talks with
the President, Churchill emphasiz-
ed that Britain still wants the Chi-
nese Reds to prove good faith be-
fore taking China's U.N. seat.
"The foreign secretary (Anthony
Eden) and I were astonished on
our homeward voyage to read in
the press and other reports which
were sent to us of the storm sud-
denly raised in the United States
by Sen. Knowland (Republican ma-
jority leader) about the possibility
of Communist China being admit-
ted to the United Nations against
American wishes, and still more
astonished that these reports
' seemed to be in some way or other
linked with our visit, as if we had
come over for such a purpose,"
Churchill emphasized that the
subject "played no noticeable
part" in his Washington discus-
sions and was "not an immediate
'Not the Moment'
"Although the British govern-
ment still believes that the Central
People's (Communist) government
should represent China in the Unit-
ed Nations," he told the packed
House, "they do not consider that
this is the moment for the matter
to be reconsidered."
The Prime Minister said time
would be needed to judge China's
k good faith and cooperation even if
the Reds and other powers reached
agreeints. on Korea and Indo-
china, such agreements, he observ-
ed, would depend on good faith.
At the close of his 50-minute
speech, former Prime Minister
Clement Attlee, leader of the Labor
party, asked Churchill whether the
idea of a Big Three conference had
been raised in Washington.
"Yes, sir," Churchill answered,
"it certainly was discussed in gen-
eral terms between me and the
President and in our circle there,
and all its difficulties were sur-
"Broadly speaking, I think the
question is more one of timing than
anything else."
The Prime Minister did not ela-
borate, but members of Parlia-
ment got the strong impression
from Churchill's careful phrasing
that the President favored a Big
Three meeting at the right time.

Brake Speaks
At Courthouse
Judge Cites Importance of Local
Government at County Ceremony
Daily Managing Editor
Circuit Judge James R. Breakey yesterday told an assembled
group of federal, state and local officials that "We cannot expect
or demand good government in our state or national capitals unless
we implement that principle of free government in our administra-
tion of our local affairs."
Speaking at the laying of the cornerstone for the $2,700,000 Wash-
tenaw County courthouse, the judge continued, "We shall have no
better state and national government than we as a nation insist upon
having in our local communities."
The brief cornerstone ceremony was held at 2:30 p.m. at the
"right of the N. Main-E. Huron









Eden, Chou
Fly Back.
To Geneva
GENEVA (A - Britain's Foreign
Secretary Eden and Red China's
Premier Chou En-lai flew back to
Geneva Monday to throw into high
gear once again the East-West
negotiations for peace in Indo-
Western efforts were stepped up
to give full power to French Pre-
mier Pierre Mendes-France under
the eight-day deadline he has set
for a settlement or resignation of
his government.
The conference received a new
stimulus Monday afternoon with
the announcement from Washing-
ton that U. S. Secretary of State
Dulles has decided on a hurry-up
to Paris Monday night to confer
with Mendes-France on the Indo-
china negotiations.
Eden to Paris
Eden will go to Paris with the
French Premier for talks with Dul-
les, who apparently acceded to re-
peated urgings by Mendes-France
that he lend his fullest support to
the fateful peace conference.
Dulles took off for Paris Mon-
day evening.
There. was no hint. here, or in
Washington that Dulles would come
on to Geneva to join in the Indo-
china discussions. He has said pre-
viously he would not consider re-
turning to Geneva unless he found
evidence of Communist' good faith.
Mendes-France has said that he
will step out of office if the Indo-
china War has not ended by July
Mendes - France scheduled an
appointment with Chou En - lai
Tuesday morning before returning
to Paris to see Dulles.
Cool Eves
OMAHA (P)-E. F. Stapo-
wich, head of the Omaha
Weather Bureau, kept cool in
his "weather-wise" house when
the mercury climbed to 107 in
Omaha Sunday equaling the
all-time July 11 record.
Stapowich designed his home
which he calls "Weathering
Heights," to withstand 'weath-
er extremes. It has wide over-
hanging eaves to keep out the
sun and sits at an angle to
catch the prevailing winds from
the southeast.

street entrance.
Culminationof Struggle
The building of the courthouse
represents the culmination of a
struggle which began nearly 16
years ago. Plans for the new court-
house, which is being built on the
site of the old building, have been
laid since 1938.
Now nearly half completed, the
new courthouse went through a
series of snags over location of the
building, legal complications, and
financing procedures. Throughout
the long period, local agitation for
the building continued, but it did
not get the final go-ahead until
November, 1952 ,when voters ap-
proved the bonding issue and tax
Once these difficulties were iron-
ed out, however, construction pro-
ceeded smoothly, starting with the
ground-breaking last October. The.
latest holdup came this spring dur-
ing a carpenter's walkout, which
put construction about six-weeks
behind schedule.
Monument to Future
The cornerstone ceremony be-
gan this afternoon with music by
the Chelsea high school band, fol-
lowed by talks by local Congres-
sional Rep. George Meader, the
cornerstone ceremony and the fea-
tured address by Judge Breakey.
Terming the building "a monu-
ment to local self-government,"
Judge Breakey continued, "but this
new building which occasions our
presence today is not just a monu-
ment of County government .. .
it is a lasting symbol of the abid-
ing strength of local self govern-
ment for the future."
"Good government is not a com-
modity sold or furnished by the
officials to the people, it must first
exist in the minds and hearts of
the people themselves."
He cited nations which have
wished to be free but neither could
implement and effectuate their
freedom nor defend and protect
it, maintaining that "The people's
faith in their government begins
at the local level."
William Kelley, East Ann Arbor
supervisor, introduced the speak-
ers and Henry F. Hicks, Ypsilanti
Township Supervisor and chair-
man of the Board of Supervisors,
officially laid the cornerstone.
Into the cornerstone, for poster-
ity, went copies of area newspapers
with stories on the ceremony, mic-
rofilmed contents of the corner-
stone of the old building, catalogs
from the University of Michigan
State Normal College, and other
signs of the times, such as road
maps and proof ballots of the Aug.
3 primary election.

... from Birmingham
Views British
Coming Elections
Two $64 dollar questions in Brit-
ish politics are: "Who will win the
next British general election? and,
When will Sir Winston Churchill
give way to his successor?"
These questions were raised by
John A. Hawgood, Chairman of
the Department of History and
Head of the Department of Gov-
ernment at the University of Bir-
mingham, England yesterday in a
ham, England yesterday in a
speech before a group of students
andfaculty entitled: "British Poli-
tical Parties and Personalities."
Prof. Hawgood believes t h a t
should the Labor Party unseat the
Conservatives in the next general
election, which must come by 1956,
no fundamental changes would oc-
cur in Anglo-American policy.
"Basically British foreign policy
in post-war years has attained bi-
partisan support," Prof. Hawgood
declared in support of his view,
adding that it is likely to remain
Attitude Differences
The Labor Party is split in its
attitude toward the United States,
he said. These differences concern
the re-armament of West Germany
and on how far Britain should go
along with American Asia policy.
But, he added, the Labor Party
shares the Amercian attitude of
"suspicion verging on hostility"'
toward Russia.
Prof. Hawgood believes that
should the Labor G o v e r n -
ment come to power, it would ap-
pear on paper to be further away
from the United States than it fun-
damentally actually is although,
he said, there is no definite an-
swer to its possible behavior.
Although Sir Winston Churchill
will be 80 years old next November,
it is still uncertain whether or not
he intends to retire from govern-
ment service, Prof. Hawgood said.
Conservative Leadership
a Question
Who should take over the leader-
ship of the Conservative Party
when Churchill fades out of the
picture poses an interesting ques-
tion, according to the British Pro-
fess or.
The apparent successor would be
Anthony Eden, he said. But if the
rumors about the state of Eden's
health turn out true he may be
out of the running.
Prof. Hawgood considers R. A.
Butler as next in line after Eden
for Party leadership. Butler is an
able and efficient man with a
large following of British business-
men who has been in Parliament
for 20 years, he said.
As for present and future leader-
ship in the Labor Party the ques-
tion is: Who will succeed Clement
Atlee, who is over70,cand is re-
cognized as the Labor leader.
Prof. Hawgood said that Her-
bert Morrison, Atlee's right hand
man, Is also too old to be in the
running. Another unlikely contend-
er, according to Hawgood, is An-
euran Bevan who because of his
appeal to the fellow travelers in
Britain isn't desirable to the av-
erage Labor voter.
Hugh Gaitskell was mentioned
as a likely candidate for leader-

ship in the Labor Party by Prof.

French Hit
In Squeeze
Three Posts Hold
Under Red Attack
HANOI, Indochina (P-Three
thousand Vietminh joining the
squeeze on the Red River Delta's
shrinking defenses were pounded
by French armored and infantry
units and left 300 dead on the bat-
A French briefing officer said
the troops had been staked out to
catch the rebels.
The officer said the battle was
fought for five hours Sunday when
Communist-led rebels tried to
smash three French Union posts
about 20 miles south of Hanoi. All
the posts-Lekhu, Dong Ly, and
Thuong Thon-withstood the as-
The three posts are along the
Hung Yen-Hanoi supply line. The
fierce French counterattack beat
the rebels off before their demoli-
tion teams could blow up sections
of the road which supplies the iso-
lated garrison at Hung Yen, about
25 miles southeast of Hanoi,
The area is crawling with Viet-
minh guerrillas and regulars who
have infiltrated the new French
defense lines drawn from Hung
Yen east to the seacoast.
The French lined up the armor-
ed column along the road last
week, in expectation of a heavy, if
not a major, attack along the sup-
ply route to Hung Yen. A mobile
unit of some 2,000 French Union
infantry also were spotted along
the route.
Trung Gai Meeting
A member of the French dele-
gation now meeting with Vietminh
representatives at Trung Gai-In-
dochina's Panmunjom-indicated
Monday he believed there would be
no cease-fire in Indochina unless
the French agreed to turn over
Hanoi, and possibly all the Red
River Delta, to the rebels.
The Trung Gai talks are aimed
at working out details of a pos-
sible cease-fire although the ac-
tual armistice decision will be
made at Geneva.
The French probably would be
given two or three months to com-
plete their evacuation from Hanoi,
he indicated. Other French sources
have suggested, however, the High
Command would move out. as
quickly as possible to avoid in-
ternal strife.
U' Hospital Death
Of Youth Probed
Local authorities Monday be-
gan an investigation into the
death of 18-year-old Albert Cisco,
a polio patient who had had
spent the last two years in an
iron lung.
The youth was discovered dead
Sunday morning by a nurse, Mrs.
John Botchen.
One of the valves on the me-
chanical respirator was found
open and an autopsy performed at
University Hospital showed that
he died from lack of oxygen.

Will Avoid
To Meet Eden,
WASHINGTON (--Secretary


so-called provisional division of the Free Territory, between Yugo-
slavia and Italy, which is expected within a few days. In brief,
the compromise provides that Italy will take over Zone A, 86
square miles with a population of 300,000, including the port
of Trieste. Yugoslavia will finalize her control over one B, farming
hinterland with 750,000 population and 119 square miles, with an
undisclosed number of millions of American dollars to help develop
a port at Capodistria.
Asked To Probe Case

State Dulles left by plane for,
Paris Monday night in a surprise
move which he said demonstrates
"the deep concern" he feels over
developments in Indochina and Eu-
Dulles expressed hope that con-
ference scheduled with French
Premier Mendes-France apd Brit-
ish Foreign Secretary Eden Tues-
day would assure "coordinated ac-
tion" by the three governments.
The secretary emphasized that
his flying visit to Paris in no way
means he has changed his previous
decision to stay away from the
Geneva Far East peace conference
where Indochina truce talks are
nearing a showdown stage.
Dulles left aboard a four-engined
air force plane, less than three
hours after the State Department
disclosed that, in answer to an
urgent French invitation, he had
agreed to talk with Mendes-France
and Eden. The White House said
President Eisenhower approved
the trip.
Airport Statement
In a statement at the airport,
Dulles served notice that the Unit-
ed States might take an attitude
different from that of France in
any truce aimed at settling the In.
dochina war.
"The United States itself is not
a belligerent in Indochina," he
said, "and it is not clear that the
interests which we hold in com-
mon with France and Viet Nam,
Laos and Cambodia will necessar-
ily be best served by identical ac-
tion in all respects.
"Therefore, my trip to Parissis
without prejudice to the position
previously expressed that neither
I nor Undersecretary Smith have
at the present time any plans for
going to Geneva where the United
States is presently maintaining con-
tacts with developments through
Ambassador U. Alexis Johnson and
his associates."
French Ambassador Henri Bon-
net, who joined British Ambassa-
dor Sir Roger Makins in bidding
goodbye to Dulles at the airport,
made it plain France continues to
hope Dulles can be persuaded to
go on to Geneva after finishing
his Paris talks.
"I hope so, I hope so," Bonnet
said when asked about this. But,
he added: "You heard him-he
made no promises, but one has
Dulles noted the bitter Indochina
conflict has imposed on France
and the Indochina states "A spe-
cial set of primary interest" since
they have been contributing their
manpower in the drive there to
block Communism.
Prof. Wood,
Expert, Dies

Prof. Bonner,
Retired Greek
Scholar, Dies
Formerly Headed
Department Here
Prof. Emeritus Campbell Bon-
ner, 78 years old, died yesterday
at University Hospital.
A member of the University fa-
culty since 1907, Prof. Bonner was,
o regarded as a leading authority
on ancient religion and supersti-
tions. At the time of his retire-
ment in 1946, he had been chair-
man of the Greek department for
16 years.
He was appointed Henry Russel
Lecturer for 1938-39.
Prof. Bonner received his bach-
elor's degree from Vanderbilt Uni-
versity in 1896 and a master's de-
gree in 1897. He also holds degrees
from Harvard.
Attended Berlin University
In 1900, he went to the Univer-
sity of Berlin and returned to the
U.S. to become professor of Greek
at Peabody College for Teachers
at the University of Nashville.
Prof. Bonner is the author of
"A Papyrus Codix of the Shepherd
of Hermas," "The Last Chapters
of Enoch in Greek" and other

WASHINGTON (R)-Senate hous-
ing scandal investigators voted
Monday to ask the Justice De-
partment whether criminal action
should be brought against two New
Jersey builders.
Sawchuk Said
In 'Good'
Terry Sawchuk, 24-year-old-star
goalie of the Detroit Red Wings
hockey team, was seriously injured
in a car accident in Livingston
county within a 1000 feet oft he
Washtenaw county line Sunday
Sawchuk was admitted to the
University Hospital, and under-
went chest surgery by specialists
here. Hospital authorities said Saw-'
chuk 's condition "in general is
good" and that he would be in the
hospital less than a week.
Medical advisors to the Detroit
Hockey Club, after contacting hos-
pital officials said that the injuries
would not hamper Sawchuk's play-
ing hockey barring further com-

The vote, in the Senate Banking
Committee, followed a public hear-
ing at which one of the builders,
Sidney Sarner of Tenafly, N. J.,
refused to answer questions. Sar-
ner stood by his rights under the
Fifth Amendment not to testify
against himself.
The committee decided to send
to the Justice Department the
transcript of testimony taken re-
cently in a secret committee meet-
ing from Sarner and Ralph Solow,
his partner, for possible criminal
Further, Chairman Capehart (R-
Ind) said the committee decided
to ask the Senate's legislative
counsel whether George I. Marcus,
a Sarner-Solow partner and their
attorney, was in contempt of the
Senate. Marcus refused to answer
The committee is inquiring into
reports of huge windfall profits on
government-insured housing loans.
During' Monday's stormy public
session, Sarner would give only his
name and address. Marcus shouted
at Capehart:
"We are unable to prove or dis-
prove your innuendos. We are not
going to permit you to publicize
these matters and shoot your
mouths off. We d i d nothing

Ike Calls for More
Highways for Defense

President Eisenhower called by
proxy Monday night for billions
more of highway construction to
meet defense needs of atomic war
and of a possible population of 200
million by 1970.
Through Vice-President Nixon,
the President proposed to the an-
nual Governors' Conference a
federal-state alliance in a "grand
plan" of road development.
He said 50 billion dollars over
the years will be only a good start
toward meeting requirements of a
200 million population. But he
didn't come right out and propose
spending that amount.
In the international field, the
chief executive declared that in
times of crises we must maintain


against their own demands. The
governors want the federal govern-
ment to abandon gasoline and car
taxes and let the states use them
to finance roads on their own.
Cries of "appeasement" and
"deal" rang out at the conference
Monday against the new law.
"Bright Side"
Eisenhower said that on the
bright side of the picture for the
future are:
Technical revolution through
atomic power.
A possible population of 200 mil-
lion in the next 16 years.
But on the dark side, he said,
A shortage of 300,000 grade
school classrooms and 813.000 hos-

Was 66
Came to

Years Old;
'U' in 1917

GETS $850,000 GRANT:

' To Study Salk Vaccine

The National Foundation for In-
fantile Paralysis has given the
University $850,000 to evaluate the
effectiveness of the Salk antipolio
Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr., chair-
man of the epidemiology depart-
ment will direct the evaluation

duct operations in the University
Special Projects Bldg.
The building, the old Maternity
Hospital, is located on Catherine
St. in the Medical Center area.
"The evaluation center is the
only agency which is expected to
undertake an assessment of the
vaccine," Dr. Francis said this

final phase in the national trial of
the new hope against polio.
The first two phases consisted
of the manufacture and distribu-
tion of the vaccine, and the field
operations including the adminis-
tration of the vaccine to the chil-
dren in participating counties.
(Washtenaw county dropped out
of the study last spring when de-
lays in the distribution of the vac-

Prof. William P. Wood of the
engineering college died late yes-
terday afternoon.
The 6-year-old professor of met-
allurgical engineering had been a
member of the University faculty
since 1917, and a full professor
since 1931.
A specialist in pyrometry, he
was the author of a book entitled
"Pyrometric Regulation of Heat
Treating Operations of Fuels and
He graduated from Michigan
State Normal College and received
degrees from the University in 1912
and 1914. He received a masger of

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