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July 10, 1954 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1954-07-10

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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL LXIV, No. 15S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 10, 1954

PARTLY CLOUDY, WARMER
FOUR PAGES

Senate Committee
eeps High Parity
Floor Fight Seen as Eisenhower
Loses Flexible Price Support Round
WASHINGTON (M)-President Eisenhower lost a round Friday
in his fight for flexible farm-price supports.
The Senate Agriculture Committee voted, 13 to 2, to send to
the Senate floor a bill calling for another year of rigid sup-
ports at 90 per cent of parity.
The measure also varies sharply from the President's ideas in
other respects, and his supporters are counting on the Senate to
alter it.
Senator Aiken (R.Vt.), chairman of the Agriculture Commit-
tee, said he voted to send the bil19

on to the Senate "with firm inten-
tions of knocking out several pro-
visions on the floor."
Veto Considered
"Unless we can work out a bill
acceptable to President Eisenhow-
er then there will be no farm leg-
islation," Aiken said, expressing
confidence that the President
would use a veto if necessary.
Two senators, Williams (R.,
Del.) and Anderson (R., N.M.),
voted against turning the bill loose
because they are opposed to some
of its provisions.
Aiken said the bill probably
x would not be ready for the Sen-
ate until early next week.
Aiken said he expects Admin-
istration supporters in the Senate
to duplicate the victory scored in
the House on flexible farm sup-
ports over the opposition of a ma-
jority of the House Agriculture
committee.
Center of the battle will be an
8-7 Senate committee vote for rig-
id 90 per cent of parity price sup-
ports on cotton, wheat, corn, rice
and peanuts. Parity is a formula
desigled by law to give farmers a
fair return in relation to their
costs.
The House approved a sliding
scale of supports ranging from
82% to 90 per cent of parity, al-
though Secretary bf Agriculture
Ezra Taft Benson had asked for a
75-90 range on these basic crops.
Aiken said he will propose an
80-90 flexible scale on the Sen-
ate floor.
Hold Down Support
Aiken said he also will fight
to hold down supports for butter,
cheese, milk and other dairy prod-
ucts at a 75 per cent level. Benson
fixed that level April 1 after moun-
tains of butter, cheese and dried
milk had piled up under 90 per
cent supports.
Two other provisions approved
by the Senate committee also
headed for floor battles.
One by Senator Humphrey D.,
Minn.) would require mandatory
supports for four feed grain crops,
oats, rye, barley and grain sorg-
hums, near the level of price sup-
ports for 'corn, the chief feed
grain.
GOP Group
Hits State
Penal Work

Jap Trade
With Reds
A dvoca ted
WASHINGTON (R-Three state
governors just back from a mis-
sion to the Far East said in a
report to President Eisenhower
Friday that Japan should engage
in "limited and controlled" trade
with Communist China.
They said this did not imply
recognizing the Red China regime
but "does recognize the fact that
Japan's largest neighbor, situated
closest to her shores and one of
her best prospects for trade, is the
500 million Chinese."
The report was presented at the
White House by Govs. Dan Thorn-
ton of Colorado and John S. Fine
of Pennsylvania. Gov. Allan Shiv-
ers of Texas, the third member
of the mission which surveyed con-
ditions in Japan and Korea at the
President's request, could not be
present here Friday but the other
two said he joined in the conclu-
sions. The report said:
"By establishing a foothold for
trade at this time, as soon as
communism has been kicked out
of that nation (China) and it has
been returned to its rightful lead-
ers, trade can be stepped up im-
measurably between Japan and
China."
The governors called for fast ac-
tion on a "vastly expanded" at-
tack warning system, using radar
and other devices, not only in this
country but in Okinawa, Japan,
Korea, Guam, and other military
outposts.
As for Japan, the governors said
that country must have access to
resources and markets throughout
Southeast Asia in order to live.
Japanese trade with Red China,
they said, "must be so restricted
and so regulated that it will help
develop a program of self-subsist-
ence for Japan and not build up
Red China's war machine."
And by developing such a pro-
gram, said the governors, "The
United States taxpayer may be re-
lieved of the burden of carrying
Japan's economic load."
Danube Overflow

Costa Rica
Expects Try
At Overthrow
Blackout Used
As Precaution
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica W-The
Costa Rican government ordered
a blackout Thursday night follow-
ing rumors that Costa Rican ex-
iles were plotting an invasion,
similar to that of Guatemala, for
the purpose of overthrowing Pres-
ident Jose Figueres.
The blackout, effective from 2
a.m. to 5 a.m., was accompanied
by a doubling of the guards at
San Jose Airport. The airport was
closed to traffic.
Strategic points in the capital
also were placed u n d e r close
guard.
Government officials declared
they had trustworthy sources of
information that members of the
old Calderonista party, overthrown
by Figueres, were planning an in-
vasion like that of Col. Carlos Cas-
tillo Armas which succeeded in
overthrowing the leftist govern-
ment of Jacobo Arbenz Guzman in
Guatemala.
The officials said they under-
stood the invasion was to come
from neighboring countries, and
that they were, taking all precau-
tions.
Observers said the rumors,
which started circulating Thursday
night, might only be part of a war
of nerves by elements unfriendly
to Figueres.
Sources in Panama in close
touci with San Jose also reported
Friday that "something was brew-
ing" in Costa Rica. These in-
formants said the San Jose popu-
lation had been alerted to the pos-
sibility of a bombing attack Fri-
day night, presumably from Nic-
aragua where troops were reported
massed.
The nationality or character of
the troops was not described in
these reports.
Former President Rafael A. Cal-
deron Guardia is living in exile
in Nicaragua.
Figueres, a U.S.-educated coffee
planter who describes himself as
a "conservative Socialist", was in-
augurated last November for a
four-year term.
He called for a gradual transfer
of foreign-owned enterprises in
Costa Rica to "local entities." He
porter of the United Nations, the
Organization of American States
and U.S. proposals for keeping
Communist infiltrators out of West-
ern Hemisphere governments.
Truman Out
Of Hospital
INDEPENDENCE, Mo. (1)-Har-
ry S. Truman, "feeling fine," cae
home Friday from the hospital
where he spent 20 days as a sur-
gical patient.
The former President made an
unheralded departure from Re-
search Hospital in Kansas City at
5:30 a.m. He stepped into the

Bog Down
On Indochina
GENEVA ()-East,and West
argued inconclusively again Fri-
day on the proper way to po-
lice an armistice in iTdochina
and then suspended sessions of
the Geneva conference until
they can be resumed next week
on a ministerial level.
The military commissions
which were ordered to report
back to the conference by July
10, made no report Friday. It
was expected their interim re-
ports would be turned over to
the first meeting next week.
French Rout
Vietminh
Near Hanoi
SAIGON, Indochina fAll-French
mobile units armed with howitzers
routed Vietminh regulars 20 miles
south of Hanoi Friday after hours
of savage fighting. But a tighten-
ing north-south Communist pincer
menaced three other F r e n c h
strongholds on the shrunken Red
River Delta defense perimiter.
The French command said 108
out of 300 Red-led Vietminh sol-
diers were killed in the clash at
Bao Thon, a village 15 miles north
of Phu Ly junction on the road
to Hanoi. French losses were not
disclosed. Only a week ago French
troops abandoned Phu Ly in the
teeth of a Vietminh attack.
Reds Near Son Tay
While the battle raged at Bao
Thon, Red forces were busy pound-
ing at French posts near Son Tay,
20 miles northwest of Hanoi, and
Phuc Yen, 15 miles almost due
north. Vietnamese troops suffered
appreciable losses at both garri-
sons.
In the hours before dawn, the
Vietminh let loose harassing at-
tacks on the French citadel of
Bac Dinh, 15 miles northeast of
Hanoi.
Communist Gen. Vo Nguyen
Giap's stepped-up assault came
less than a day after Gen. Paul
Ely, French commander in Indo-
china, pledged an all-out stand to
save the north Viet Nam war
capital.
Communist propaganda leaflets
showered on Hanoi have been
warning residents a major offen-
sive on the city would come within
the next week. Some leaflets said
D-Day w o u 1 d be Wednesday,
French Bastille Day. Others point-
ed to July 17.
The Vietminh have massed three
divisions southwest of Hanoi and
another three along the northern
borders of the delta. Military ob-
servers here think the rebels are
most likely to strike east of Hanoi
to cut the road link between Hanoi
and the seaport of Haiphong.
Ex-Health Service
Doctor Deceased
Dr. Helen F. Price, 52, who
worked at Health Service until

nformant
Asks Probe
Of Brownell
Jenner Calls
Request Absurd
BEDFORD, Ind. M - Sen. Wil-
liam E. Jenner Friday night called
"absurd" the request of a former
Communist turned government
witness that his Internal Security
subcommittee investigate Atty.
Gen. Herbert Brownell and his
deputy, William P. Rogers.
Sen. William Langer (R-ND)
said in Washington that the ex-
Red, Paul Crouch, sent him a let-
ter contending that Brownell and
Rogers were giving "considerable
aid and comfort to enemies of the
United States" by investigating
Crouch's reliability as a witness.
Langer, chairman of the Senate
Judiciary Committee, said he had
turned Crouch's request over to
the subcommittee headed by Jen-
ner.
Sen. Jenner, at his farm home
near Bedford, said of Crouch's
charges:
"That sort of thing is absurd!
We don't act on things like that.
"I'll have to call a meeting of
the subcommittee on it, but I don't
anticipate anything will be done
on that kind of request."
The Justice Department often
has used Crouch as a paid inform-
ant and expert witness in the trials
of Communists. Langer told a re-
porter "it seems a strange thing
that Mr. Crouch should be attack-
ing the fellows he is working for"
but that he felt the Internal Se-
curity subcommittee should re-
ceive Crouch's complaint.
U.S. Clarifies
Atomic Peace
Plan for Reds
WASHINGTON (/)-The United
States Friday provided Russia, as
requested by the Soviets, with clar-
ification of President Eisenhower's
atoms for peace plan.
The move broke a 2 month lull
in negotiations on the Eisenhower
formula for peaceful use of Atomic
Energy through a pooled program
under United Nations aegis.
But American officials were far
from optimistic that it would spur
the Reds into accepting the pro-
posal. The growing American view
has been that the Russians are
more interested in treating the Ei-
senhower idea as one more oppor-
tunity to make propaganda.
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov
requested the clarification in a
note he handed Secretary of State
Dulles last April 27 in Geneva.
The U.S. reply to Molotov's re-
quest was given to Soviet Ambas-
sator Georgi N. Zarubin at the
State Department Friday
The State Department would say
only that it was a reply to the
Russians' April 27 request "deal-
ing with atomic energy matters."

---q>

Mitchell-CIO Leaders'
Agreement on Terms
Considered by Strikers

-Daily-Duane Poole

RALPH BUNCHE
... Nobel winner

Bunche Discusses UN
At Freedom Festival

By RUSS AU WERTER
Ralph Bunche, chairman of the
United Nations trusteeship com-
mittee and Nobel peace prize win-
ner, was the featured speaker in
the sixth day - of Jackson's "Free-
dom Festival" yesterday.
A native of Detroit, Bunche told
a fairgrounds audience that "from
its very beginning the UN has
recognized that secure peace in
the world required an effort far
wider and deeper than preventing
specific wars.
"In my view, despite all its
faults, there is today no greater
force for social justice and under-
standing among peoples through-
out the world for peace, than the
Public Urges
Staying in UN
Even if Communist China is

United Nations, nor has there ever
been.
No Perfection
"There may never be perfec-
tion in the relations among peoples
or in the operations of the mech-
anisms of democracy," he con-
tinued. "But in democracy, the gap
between ideals and practices must
be constantly narrowed. For demo-
cracy to prosper or even live it
must ever be dynamic. It must
move forward toward the goals of
greater freedom, better life, fuller
dignity for the people it serves."
Bunche underscored the points
on which he said there often was
misunderstanding about the Unit-
ed Nations.
"There are those who fear or
claim to fear that the UN is too
strong, and there are many more,
I believe, who fear it is too weak."
Pageant Performance
It was decided yesterday that
an extra performance of the "Free-
dom Festival" pageant will be

If Workers
Will Accept,
Strike Ends
Back-to-Work
Details Not Told
BULLETIN
As The Daily went to press
early this morning, there had
still been no report as to wheth-
er a back-to-work would be ac-
cepted by the Oak Ridge strik-
ers.
WASHINGTON () - Secretary
of Labor Mitchell and CO lead-
ers agreed late Friday on back-to-
work recommendations to be sub-
mitted to striking atomic workers
at Oak Ridge, Tenn., and Paducah,
Ky., Friday night.
Details of the recommendations
were not disclosed. Elwood Swish-
er, president of the striking CIO
Gas, Coke and Chemical Workers
Union, planned to reveal them to
a mass meeting of strkers at Oak
Ridge at 7:30 p.m., CST.
Joseph R. Joy, union vice presi-
dent, similarly arranged to lay the
recommendations before a mass
meeting of Paducah strikers at 9
p.m.
The proposals were worked out
at a three-hour conference here
Mitchell, CIO President Walter
Reuther, Swisher, Joy and other
CIO officials.
Mitchell told newsmen that
Swisher and Joy, who left imme-
diately for the two strikebound
plants in special airplanes, were
"carrying with them proposals in
the hope of inducing their men
to return to work tonight."
Swisher said that if the workers
accepted the proposals the strike
would be ended.
Meanwhile, a Presidential in-
quiry board was putting finishing
touches .on a report on the three-
day walk-out of 4,500 production
workers employed by a contractor
for the Atomic Energy Commis-
sion. They produce all the nation's
supply of uranium-235 used in
making both atomic and hydrogen
bombs.
Delivery of the inquiry board's
report to the White House was be-
ing delayed to give Mitchell time
to end the walkout without Presi-
dent Eisenhower having to order
the Justice Department to seek a
Taft-Hartley law injunction to stop
the strike.
Under the law, Eisenhower can-
not move for an injunction until
he gets the board report.
It was clear that if the workers
turned down the proposals at the
Paducah and Oak Ridge mass
meetings Friday night the govern-
ment would act swiftly to get out
the injunction, most likely Satur-
day.
The dispute involves CIO and
AFL union demands for a mini-
mum 15 cent hourly wage increase.
Workers' scales now range from
$1.58 to $2.40 an hour.
The President's atomic labor
panel several weeks ago recom-
mended a six-cent hourly raise for
the workers. The contractor, Car-
bide & Carbon Chemicals Co., ac-
cepted but the unions turned it
down. CIO union members then
went on strike Wednesday at two
plants, one at Paducah and one at
Oak Ridge, but the AFL workers
remained on the job at two other
Oak Ridge plants.

Voorhees Gets
Second Trial
WASHINGTON W-Lt. Col. Mel-
vin B. Voorhees, convicted of vi-
olating Army security regulations

LANSING (i)p-A Republican Kills 13 People family car and was driven here, four years ago besides having a admitted, the American publi given on the 350-foot stage Su
legislative committee Friday char- P accompanied only by Mrs. Truman private practice, died yesterday Granting of Local strongly favors remaining in the at 8:00 p.m. The decision was
ged Democratic-controlled state and Mike Westwood, an Independ- from cancer. . United Nations, according to pre- to make up Tuesday night's
a e ce wih d l yn a soui n VIENNA, Austia ( -The ram- Lroq uoacer. a
agencies with delaying a solutionpain aue flTo e ams ence policeman. Friends may call at the Muehlig Liquor License it liminary findings of a study which gram which was halted bec
of the state's prison problems paging Danube flooded thousands wr eotdb h uvyR-.
Att. Gn.Frak . Mllrd aswere reported by the Survey Re- o an
A of homes Friday in 100 or more Mrs. Truman said he had break- Funeral Chapel until 9 P.M. Sun-ooffedm.a
akd y he committee if'r the villages in Austria and southern fast on the porch at the home and day. On Sunday night, the body LANSING (IF)-Two Republican search Center, yesterday. Today's festival program is
kd yhGmermthen went to bed. She added his will be taken home to La Monte, state officials took pot shots at Seventy per cent of the nation titles "Citizens of Tomorrow D
state would have to pay $000to Gray
the Detroit architectural firm of Thirteen persons were known only comment was: "It's good to Missouri by her family where the the Democratic-controlled State supports the United States remain- and will include a parade of fl
Leinweber, Yamasaki and Hell- dead in the floods. Many others be home. I'm feeling fine." services will be held. Dr. Price re- Liquor Commission Friday. ing in the UN shows the national representing p 1 a y grounds
muth for a study of the prison were perilously marooned. Truman underwent an emergen- ceived both her PhD and MD at State Treas. D. Hale Brake population survey made last March schools. Included in the child
suatio More than 20,000 were rescued cy operation for removal of his the University. urged a legislative investigation of by the National Opinion Research program will be the arriva
The committee charged that the from rooftops and other perches gall bladder and appendix June 20. "irregularities" in the granting of Center of the University of Chi- 3:15 p.m. in the fairground
wa 'dmm withoutg l e by local and American armed Physicians had expected him to be (* *N1 package liquor SDDL licenses. cago which submitted their find- Frankie Thomas TV's "Space
survey was ordered without legis- forces disaster teams in the hospital only 10 days, but ine a Brake charged that an Ann Ar- ings to the Survey Research Cen- det." It is expected that he
new consent and offered nothing Hundreds of square miles of his stay was prolonged by hyper- "Harvey" with stars James Stew- bor market had an application for ter for this analysis. descend from the sky in a
new on the situation. ripening wheat were destroyed, sensitivity to certain post-operative art and Josephine Hull will be a license on file since 1947 but Disapproval of Red China be- copter.
Site Survey roads and bridges were wrecked drugs. shown by the SL Cinema Guild that the commission recently ing admitted to the UN was reg- Michigan Young Republicans
In 1953, the legislature appro- and damage obviously would be There was no indication when tonight at 7 and 9 p.m. and Sunday granted a license to another busi- istered by 79 per cent of the pub- hold their summer picnic toda
(priated $75,000 for a "site survey counted in many millions of Mr. Truman would resume his at 8 p.m., in the Architecture Audi- ness although the application was lic. 11 per cent feel that Red China Jackson's Sharp Park bet
and preliminary sketches for a dollars. normal activities. torium. filed only last January. should be admitted right now, noon and 7 p.m.
new medium security prison to be
located at Ionia for 1,200 men,
provided such a location is deter- PROFESSOR TESTIFIES AS EXPERT WITNESS:
mined to be desirable by the Cor-
rections Department."
No decision was made on the""
site. Instead, the Department of
Detroit Trial Tests Constitutionality of Censorship Law
Department engaged the Detioit
firm to make a survey of the en- By ALLAN SILVER
tire prison system. He stressed the inappropriateness of the excerpting procedure. Prof. Huntey noted that the censorship ordinance is dire
"The state received," the com- The constitutionality of a Detroit ordinance which empowers "A work of art is an organic whole," he maintained. "My testimony only at paper-backed books. "It seems to assume," he obser
mittee said, "a 72-page report at the city's Police Censorship Bureau to ban "obscene" books is cur- dealt with the whole novel." "that a man who has $3.50 to spend for a book will not be incite
the cost, upon the basis of the rently being tested in the trial of a Detroit newsdealer. Prof. Huntley described the book as a novel of spiritual con- evil thoughts, but a man who has 50 cents will be." The De
vouchers presented, somewhat inPrfHutedeciethbokaanvlofsrtalon
excess of $3s,000, which,according The defendant, Alfred E. Butler, is on trial for having sold sold flict, reminiscent of the constant theme of 17th century English public library has placed its hard-cover edition of "The Devil R
to testimony presented before this a copy of "The Devil Rides Outside," banned on Feb. 26. His arrest literature. "The problem is a universal one ,the same that beset St. Outside" on its "restricted" shelves, he said, though this is not
committee, was of little or no use was arranged by the book's publishers and city officials as a means Augustine. The 'objectionable' passages are not there merely to quired by law.
to the state, inasmuch as it com- of testing the censorship ordinance. excite the reader and sell the book." Trial Dilemma
prised mainly a 'rehash' of the Huntley To Testify Light-Darkness "The trial poses a social, moral and artistic dilemma," I
nrincinles of venolov na infor-. -__ - - -.. . _ . . .... - - . ..Huntley believes. Acknowledging a need to regulate availabilit

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