THE FIFTH AMENDMENT
See Page 2
. ' i~
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXIV, No. 12S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 7, 1954
Nixon Applauds Guatemala e etback
-Daily-Duane Poole -Daily-Duane Poole
CROWDS ASSEMBLE FOR WILOW RUN GREETING A FRIENDLY SMILE
CONLEY, NIXON AND OAKMAN
BAERNAU, Germany (-West
German border police said Tues-
day night they received and reject-
ed a Czech bid to trade seven U.S.
army men seized Sunday for three
Czech political refugees. U. S.
Army headquarters in Heidelberg
said it had nothing to do with the
2 Czech-German negotiations.
The Army added it hoped to ob-
tain the release of the Americans
"soon and without difficulty" by
Grabbed by Guards
The Americans, a captain and
six enlisted men from the medi-
cal detachment of an artillery bat-
talion, apparently were grabbed
by Czech border guards when the
soldiers strayed across the border
while on a liberty sightseeing trip.
Their names have not been dis-
closed pending their release.
Emil Preiss, West German bor-
der police commander, said the
Czechs had insisted on trading
the men for the three Czechs who
fled to the West recently. He added
the Germans had rejected the bar-
ter proposal at "the last meeting
with the Czechs." He continued:
"There is nothing we border po-
lice can do any more. We have
tried everything possible, but we
were unsuccessful. The next step
is up to the Americans."
An American army spokesman
disclaimedrany Army ties with the
negoiations between the border po-
"The three Czech escapees are
t a separate issue. We are not in-
volved in it. Anyway, how can the
border police negotiate for the re-
turn of U.S. soldiers?"
The spokesman pointed out that
military regulations forbid soldiers'
making unauthorized visits to the
The Americans drove to the bor-
der area Sunday in a weapons car-
rier.dThe German border police
quoted a West German farmer as
saying the group asked him where
the border was because they want-
ed to look at it. The farmer told
them the border was near but
urged them to be careful, but they
got out of their vehicle and walked
toward the frontier, the police said.
The empty weapons carrier was
found later near Weiden, Germany,
7 about 15 miles from the border.
New AF Jet
WASHINGTON (Ai - The Air
Force announcedhTuesday its new
daylight jet fighter, the Lockheed
XF104, is flying successfully.
The brief announcement did not
comment on unofficial but reliable
Hoover May Get
McCarthy Says May Turn Evidence
of Communism Over to Task Force
WASHINGTON (A)-Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis.) said Tuesday he
may turn over to a Hoover commission "task force" the evidence on
which he has-based his charges of Communist infiltration of the super-
secret Central Intelligence Agency.
McCarthy's statement, on his return from an 18-day vacation
trip about which he still made mystery, sounded like a move to let
the task force, headed by Gen. T
of Grand Jfury
LANSING (RP--The wide powers
of Michigan's one-man grand jury'
system were upheld again, yester-
day, by the State Supreme Court.
The court denied appeals by Lee
R. Murchison, Detroit policeman,
and John White, proprietor of a
small hotel. They had been con-
victed of contempt of court and
sentenced to 60 days in jail by
Recorders' Judge John J. O'Hara,
one-man grand juror investigating
The Supreme Court said unani-
mously that both White and Mur-
chison were legally convicted and
must serve their sentences.
Murchison Perjures Himself
In Murchison's case, the issue
was whether the grand juror could
sentence a man for contempt of
court when he had perjured him-
self before that same judge in
the grand jury room.
In White's case, the issue was
whether a witness could refuse to
testify if his attorney were not in
the Grand Jury room and wheth-
er a grand juror was disqualified
from sitting as an examining
magistrate in a case arising out of
the grand jury.
The court said in an opinion by
Justice Emerson R. Boyles that
a grand juror may use the con-
tempt sentence against the witness
who "deliberately, knowingly and
falsely testifies before a grand
jury" and that he need not resort
to the perjury prosecution.
The companion opinion by Jus-
tice Eward M. Sharpe held that
the Legislature may not take away
from the recorders court the right
to punish contempt committed in
its presence because the recorders
court is a constitutional court of
The legislature had attempted to
forbid grand jurors from sitting
as examining magistrates in their
Bingo Petitions Get
Usual State Study
LANSING (e - Unless there is
proof of illegality, petitions to put
Mark Clark, handle the whole in-
O quiry, although McCarthy carefully
refrained from going that far in
talks with newsmen.
The senator's recent threats to
investigate the CIA, a clearing
house for American espionage
work, had threatened to become a
new sore point in relations between
McCarthy and the Eisenhower ad-
In interviews, one of them re-
corded for television, McCarthy
1. Dechared that an FBI report
on two aides to his Senate Inves-
tigations subcommittee discloses
"nothing that in any way would
justify, even remotely" the Pen-
tagon's refusal to grant them se-
2. Announced heintendshto go
ahead with plans to have the sub-
committee investigate his charges
of Communist infiltration of U.S.
McCarthy refused point blank to
say where he went on the vacation
trip he started June 19, two days
after the windup of the McCarthy-
Army hearings. "I'm not going to
tell you," he said.
His statement on the CIA was in
response to questions by reporters
who had noted the announcement
that Gen. Clark who now heads
The Citadel, a military school at
Charleston, S.C., will head a Hoov-
er commission unit to study "the
structure and administration" of
Sales To Start
Names, Ann Arbor and home
addresses and telephone num-
bers of all summer session stu-
dents and visiting faculty can
be found in the official Sum-
mer Student Directory, which
will go on sale Friday for 50
cents, Robert Wells, managing
editor, has reported.
The Directories may be pur-
chased from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
on the Diagonal, in the Union,
East Quadrangle, Alice Lloyd
Dormitory, Law Quadrangle,
Student Publications Bldg., and
at all the bookstores.
WASHINGTON (N-j-Sen. McCar-
ran (D-Nev) yesterday accused
Atty.-Gen. Brownell of playing pol-
itics with the internal security
McCarran, senior Democrat on
the judiciary committee and its
former chairman, said in a Senate
"It seems to me the attorney
general has demonstrated more
interest in having his own way,
and in securing the enactment of
something that can be labeled an
'administration measure' than in
getting legislation that is needed
for the internal security of the
McCarran, author of anti-Com-
munist laws already on the books,
"It is not a field for headline
catching, for cure-alls concocted by
political opportunists who see in
our death struggle with interna-
tional Communism an issue out of
which to make political capital."
Brownell has been pressing the
judiciary committee to get action
on several internal security bills.
A lecture and a panel discussion
will highlight the summer sympo-
sium on "Woman in the World of
Dr. Joseph M. Lubart of the
Columbia University Psychoanaly-
tic Clinic will speak on "Emotional
Growth and the Family" at 4:15
p.m. today in Aud. A.
The evening program will center
around a panel discussion, "Pat-
tern of Today's Family in Public
Affairs" at 7:45 p.m. today in
Participants in the discussion
will be Dr. Lubart, Prof. Robert
C. Angell of the sociology depart-
ment, Prof. Morris Janowitz of the
sociology department, Dr. Ralph
D. Rabinovitch, professor of psy-
chiatry and Mrs. Dorothy Engel,
w member of the Family Service
Both events are open to the pub-
lic without charge.
The special summer program is
depicting woman in family and
community life;in art, music, dra-
ma and literature; in employment,
education and public affairs.
Lectures by visiting specialists,
panel discussions with University
faculty members, related courses
and an interdisciplinary seminar
are scheduled for the program.
Woman in various spheres are
the focus of art exhibits, drama,
radio, television and concerts.
TV Station Okayed
WASHINGTON A-The Commun-
ications Commission Tuesday re-
affirmed a grant made in Decem-
ber, 1952 to Versluis Radio and
Television Inc. for a channel 35
television station at Muskegon,
The words "Freedom Festival"
are emblazoned in yellow letters
50 feet wide and 75 feet high along
a two block strip of Michigan Ave.,
Jackson's busiest street.
A Jackson sign company laid out
the outline of the giant sign and
400 whiskered Jackson men-who
called themselves "Brothers of the
Brush"-completed the job by
brushing on 250 gallons of bright
The word "Freedom" was com-
pleted in only 16 minutes with the
aid of thousands of sidewalk sup-
Jackson women, calling them-
selves "Sunbonnet Sues" and
"Freedom Belles," joined with their
male counterparts to form a col-
orful motorcade and tour 300 cities
and three states.
Complete with jugglers, clowns,
music, sound trucks, and pioneers,
the motorcade will attempt to
whip up a festive atmosphere and
draw enthusiastic audiences to
their "Freedom Festival."
For six nights ending next Sat-
urday a huge Pageant entitled
"These Truths Are Self Evident"
will be held on a 350 foot by 150
foot stage at the Jackson Fair-
A cast of over 1700 people will
present a living re-enactment of
the story of the search for freedom
during the history of the United
See TWENTIES, Page Four
NIXON MAKES LAST MINUTE PREPARATIONS
Jackson Prepares Lively
Background for Nixon
Special to The Daily
JACKSON-Beards, sunbonnets, derby hats, shoestring ties, cov-
ered wagons and the longest sign in the world set the background for
Vice-President Richard Nixon's visit to Jackson's gala "Freedom
Salesmen of razor blades and Bikini bathing suits are having
a rough time of it and will continue to do so until next Saturday
when the men shave their beards and the women shed their sun-
bonnets and Mother Hubbard
For Ballot Slot
OKLAHOMA CITY (A') - Sen.
Robert S. Kerr fought the political
battle of his career Tuesday night
as first scattered returns were tab-
ulated in Oklahoma's primary elec-
He and former Gov. Roy J. Turn-
er-like Kerr, an oil milliaire -
ran neck and neck. Unofficial re-
turns from 136 of the state's 3,155
precincts gave Kerr 8,254 votes to
6,314 for Turner in the race for
the Democratic nomination for the
The Democratic governor's race
opened in a two-man race with 14
other candidates trailing far be-
hind. Sen. Raymond Gary, Madill,
had 5,617 votes to 5,278 for William
0. Coe, Oklahoma City attorney
in 128 precincts.
It was still far too early, how-
ever, to see a trend developing.
The election was held with five
counties under martial law because
of reported election irregularities.
Five other counties had plain-
clothesdofficers at polling places
under directions of Gov. Johnston
Murray to watch for violations.
Murray cannot succeed himself
in office but his wife, Mrs. Willie
Murray, is a candidate to succeed
him. In early tabulations she was
running sixth with 69 votes.
CHICAGO W-A freak rise
and fall in Lake Michigan-appar-
ently similar to the seiche or tidal
wave which drowned at least eight
persons June 26 - overturned
scores of boats along the Chicago
waterfront late Tuesday.
The Weather Bureau said water-
spouts were reported by unofficial
observers just before the lakerwa-
ters rose rapidly along the front
from Wilmette in the north and
south to South Chicago, Ill.
There were no immediate re-
ports of casualties. Thirty fisher-
men fled from the pier at the
entrance to Montrose harbor, on
Chicago's North Side, just before
the wave struck.
A Coast Guardsman at the South
Chicago station reported that the
lake level there first fell to its
lowest level in his 31 years ex-
perience. Then it rose to two feet
By RUSS AU WERTER
Special to The Daily
JACKSON - The Guatemalan
people simply refused to be re-
gimented into a police state, ac-
cording to Vice President Richard
Speaking here as part of the
Freedom Festival, he continued,
"They asserted themselves even in
the face of a government army
10 times as numerous and far bt-
ter equipped. It is the first time
in history that Communism has
received such a setback."
From beneath a rain spattered
awning, he told a large, but
damp audience he believed that
"every Communist dictator sleeps.
less easily since the people of
Guatemala arose to throw off the
Communist regime there."
A Great Idea
He told the, crowd assembled for
the Freedom Festivities, "It was
a great idea that motivated the
men and women who gathered here
100 years ago.
"It held that all men have a
right to be free, and that free
men must never acquiesce to en-
slavement. The same idea lives in
the United States today. President
Eisenhower recently stated it a-
gain when he said he would never
subscribe to an agreement that
threatens enslavement in a n y
Pointing to the similarity between
the fight of early Republicans to
end slavery and the present Nixon
said "It is essential that if the
United States and the free world
are to win the battle for the minds
of men that we associate our-
selves with the great causes that
the uncommitted people of the
world believe in.
"The first of these causes is
equality. Throughout Asia Com-
munism has gained converts by
pretending to favor the understand-
able desire of the Asians to be
recognized as equals.
"Fortunately, we can make an
outstanding case on this issue. We
fought a war over the principle of
equality. Our constitution proclaims
equality and the courts have de-
creed it without qualification. More
is required, of course. We inust
Nixon was met earlier at Willow
Run Airport by nearly 100 leading
Republicans and Jackson citizens
and, after a brief press conference,
was whisked off to Jackson in a
The 84th Special Infantry Co. of
the JacksonMarine Reserve pro-
vided a guard of honor for the
He visited "The Rock" where
a tablet records the location of
the oak grove where the first Re-
publicans held their convention.
Among the official greeters were
four Republican candidates for
governor. They were Secretary of
State Owen J. Cleary, Donald S.
Leonard, State Treasurer D. Hale
Brake, and Dr. Eugene Keyes. On
hand also were Senators Homer
Ferguson and Charles Potter.
The Jackson "Freedom Festival"
program for today includes a
speech by Wallce Lamoe, Manag-
ing Editor of the Milwaukee Journ-
al and President of the Associated
Press Managing Editors' Assoc., at
12 a.m. in the Hotel Hayes.
WASHINGTON (M - The man
whom every wife in the country
must envy has just retired from
his government job. His name is
Paul D. Banning, and he probably
is the biggest spender of all time.
As the Treasury Department's
chief disburser for the past seven
years, Paul D. Banning has paid
out 203 billion dollars, a feat that
makes Croesus look like a nickel
KANE STARS AS GRAVEDIGGER:
'Hamlet' Begins Tonight; Will End Saturday
By SUE GARFIELD
Shakespeare's "Hamlet," directed by B. Iden Payne, will start
promptly at 8 p.m. today and run through Saturday in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre in the League.
Latecomers will not be seated during the first scene, due to the
cut in running-time of the play -to two-and-one-half hours.R
Taking the leading roles in the first in the series of speech de-
partment summer play productions will be Nafe Katter, Grad,
from Saginaw, as Hamlet and Beverly Blancett, Grad, from Detroit,
Others are Richard Burgwin, Grad, and assistant professor of
speech at the University of Detroit, as Claudius; Dan Mullin, Grad,
Tulane, as Polonius and Paul Rebillot, Grad, as Horatio.
The. part of the First Gravedigger will be played by Whitford
Kane, eminent Shakespearean actor and long-time favorite of sum- '
mer theatre audiences.