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June 30, 1954 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1954-06-30

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EDITOR'S NOTE
See Page 2

j [I: C

Latest Deadline in the State

:43 a t ty

a
CLOUDY WITH RAIN

VOL. LXIV, No. 7S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 30, 1954

FOUR PAGES

54-'55 'U' Budget
Near 27 Millions

l

Boost by State Legislature Tops
This Year's outlay by $2,470,996
The University yesterday announced a general fund operating
budget for 1954-55 of $26,876,996.
That's $2,470,996 more than the 1953-54 budget with the increase
coming chiefly from a boost in the appropriation made by the state
Legislature.
The Legislature's grant for the coming year is $21,052,996 com-
pared to $18,796,000 for the year just ending.
Income from Student fees, based on an estimated resident credit
enrollment of 18,500 next fall,, is estimated at $5,444,800 as against
$5,230,000 this year. Other income of $379,200 from such sources as
interest on endowment, departmental income, and trdst funds is
expected.
Of the total budget of the yeneral fund, $21,944,960 will be spent
for salaries and wages and $4,932,036 will be allorated to depart-

Ike Foreign
Aid Budget
Cut by House
WSHINGTON (A - The House
Tuesday cut 102 million dollars
from President Eisenhower's "es-
sential" foreign aid program while
tentatively approving without fur-
ther change the major portions of
the 3 -billion-dollar measure.
The House also approved an
amendment calling on the Presi-
dent to withhold special funds from
any nation joining the type of
Asian nonaggression pact which
the British have proposed.
A final vote on the measure was
put over until Wednesday.
Millions Sliced
The House Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee sliced. only seven million
dollars from President Eisenhow-
er's requests for $3,477,608,000 in
military and economic aid for the
year beginning July 1.
The House, on Republican mo-
tions, cut off an additional 27 mil-
lion dollars, earmarked for the de-
velopment of special weapons in
Europe, and 75 million dollars to
3 continue the production of British
military aircraft.
The House beat down attempts to
eliminate the special 800 million
dollar fund for Asia and 85 mil-
lion for development aid to India.
The section aimed at the Locar-
no-type nonaggression pacts sug-
gested by -the British was ap-
proved earlier in the day by the
House Foreign Affairs Committee.
Rep. Vorys (R-Ohior, who spon-
sored the restrictive clause, said
its purpose was to prevent the
creation of nonaggression treaties
between the small countries of
Southeast Asia and the Communist
giant to the north, Red China.
British Plan
British Foreign Secretary An-
thony Eden has suggested that the
area enter into a series of pacts
with the Communists similar to the
Locarno agrements which main-
tained an uneasy peace in Europe
for a time after 1925. Congression-
al critics of this plan say it would
amount to guaranteeing Communist
ascendancy indefinitely in coun-
tries the Reds have taken over.
Vorys reported the Foreign Af-
fairs Committee approved "by af
very substantial vote" his proposal
5 that "it is the sense of Congress"
that none of the 800 million dollars
budgeted for special aid to South-
east Asia "shall be used on behalf
of governments which are com-
mitted by treaty to maintain Com-
munist rule over any defined terri-
tor of Asia."
Te proposal was to be pushedj
as an amendment to the foreign
aid bill when the House proceeds
to a series of test votes later in
tihe debate.
The 800-million-dollar special
fund is earmarked for the struggle
against the Communists in Indo-
china, but the President would be
given authority to use it elsewhere
in Asia. Thus if the French succed
in getting a cease-fire in Indo-
china, the money might be allotted
to the British or their allies in
Malaya.
NAACP Mixer Set
For Tomorrow
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
will sponsor a social mixer at
7:30 p.m. tomorrow in Lane Hall.
On following Thursdays during
summer school, the NAACP will
hold a lecture series at which
students who have been working

mental current accounts an
equipment.
The general funds budget cover
the instructional, research, admin
istrative, and plant operatio
maintenance costs for 1954-55.
Three other budgets have receiv
ed the approval of the Universit
Regents. The University Hospita
will operate in 1954-55 undera
budget of $8,706,000. The figur
for 1953-54 was $8,102,235.
Faculty Titles
Changes in title for 44 mem
bers of the University of Mhichi.
gan faculty and staff: were an-
nounced today by President Har
lan Hatcher.
DeWitt C. Bladwin who has beer
director of Lane Hall and the Stu
dentt Religious Association wil
now become co-ordinator of relig.
ious affairs. '
Robert N. Cross has been made
administrative assistant to the
Office of the President and a re-
Business Research. He had beer
search associate in the Bureau o
assistant director of the bureau
Jeanne C. Hallburg has beer
given the title of assistant super-
visor in medical-surgical nursing
University Hospital, in addition t
her title as instructor in the
School of Nursing.
Prof. Heyns
Roger W. Heyns, an associate
professof of psychology, will con-
tinue in that post on a half-time
basis and also become assistani
to the dean of the College of Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts or
a half-time basis.
Joseph E. Kallenbach has beer
made secretary to the faculty of
the literary college in addition tc
his professorship in political sci-
ence.
Elizabeth L. Kane has been
made assistant supervisor of med-
ical-surgical nursing, University
Hospital, in addition to her ap-
pointment as an instructor in
nursing.
Warren A. Ketcham, an assist-
ant professor of education in the
School of Education, has been giv-
en the additional title of co-ordi-
nator of phsycological services in
University Elementary School.
Assistant Director
Robert C. Leestma, who has been
an audio-visual consultant, has
been made assistant director of
the Audio-Visual Education Cen-
ter and a lecturer in the School
of Education.
The title of William H. Mills
from lecturer in education to in-
structor in education in the
School of Education and adminis-
trative assistant in University El-
ementary School.
Thirteen title changes were
made in the Department of Physi-
cal Education as the titles in that
area were changed to conform to
those used in other units of the
University. Changes from assist-
ant supervisor in physical educa-
tion to instructor in physical edu-
cation have been made for Robert
E. Betzig, Joan E. Farrell, George
W. Greey, Violet K. Hanley, Wil-
liam G. Helms, James E. Hunt,
Don W. Robinson, Edward Slezak,
Jean A. Stanicek, Helen M. Stew-
art, David H. Strack, J. Elmer
Swanson, and Walter J. Weber.
School of Education
Sixteen title changes affected
members of the University high
school and elementary school.
The additional title of instructor,
School of Education, has been
given to Hope H. Chipman, Law-
erence A. Conrey, Sarita I. Da-
vis (who also has a new title of
librarian-teacher), Jessie B. Dyp-
ka, Carolyn J. Franke, Jeanne A.
Galley, Howard H. Gerrish,Char-
lotte Hardy, S. Katherine Hill,
Nelson G. Lehsten, Marion Mc-
Kinney, Virginia B. Morrison,
Odina B. Olson, Helen L. Ryder,
ITn S hc a_ Pr inayri'c

Final Ruling
Passed On
Scientist
OppenheimerHit
By 4-1 AEC Vote
WASHINGTON tfP-A 4-1 vote by
the Atomic Energy Commission
Tuesday ruled finally and definite-
ly that atomic scientist J. Robert
Oppenheimer shall be denied ac-
cess to government secrets.
The four commissioners ruled
against him,( in large part be-
cause of "his persistent and con-
tinuing association with Commu-
nists." The fourth, Thomas E. Mur-
ray said "Dr. Oppenheimer was
disloyal" in the sense that he dis-
regarded se cu r it y regulations
which restrict the associations of
a man in such a sensitive posi-
tion.
' The lone voteupholding Oppen-
heimer came from Dr. Henry D.
Smyth, Princeton scientist who
worked with him in Oppenheimer's
wartime task of developing the A-
bomb. Said Smyth: "He is com-
pletely loyal and I do not believe
he is a security risk."
It was the end of the road for
Oppenheimer's lawyer - backed ef-
forts to be restored to access to
the restricted data of the AEC. Its
procedures allow for no further
appeal.
Oppenheimer said through his
lawyer in New York that "The
report of the Atomic Energy Com-
mission was released to the press
before I saw it. I was informed
of the nature of its findings by
Gen. Nichols. I shall need to read
and examine the statements before
I can comment."
Nichols is K. D. Nichols, gen-
eral manager of the AEC. Oppen-
heimer's Washington lawyers said
the AEC had explained that a
courier taking the decision to Op-
penheimer had missed his plane.
The three commissioners who
signed the majority report were
Chairman Lewis ,L. Strauss, for-
mer New York banker and an ad-
miral in World War II: Eugene M.
Zuckert, former Harvard professor
and former assistant secretary of
the Air Force, and Joseph Camp-
bell, former accountant and Co-
lumbia University administrator.
Commissioner Murray, a former
New York businessman, signed an
opinion concurring with the ma-
jority, but based on different rea-
soning.
Oppenheimer's case reached the
AEC by appeal from the 2-1 de-
cision of a special Security Board
which held hearings on the case
and reported May 27 that the
scientist, while loyal and discreet
was a security risk to w homdaat
was a security risk to whom data
should not be made available.
The Security Board took testi-
mony bearing on Oppenheimer's
admitted lack of enthusiasm for
the hydrogen bomb in its embry-
onic stages, but that played no
part in Tuesday's decision to bar
him from restricted data, the com-
missioners said. It was recalled
there was a debate within the gov-
ernment as to wisdom of the H-
bomb program, and "in this de-
bate Dr. Oppenheimer was, of'
course, entitled to his opinion."
The Strauss-Zuckert-Campbell
majority report Tuesday said the
law requires the AEC to inquire
into the "character, associations,
and loyalty" of the people who
work for the commission, and con-
tinued:
"Disloyalty would be one basis
for disqualification, but it is only
one.
"Substantial defects of charac-
ter and imprudent and dangerous

associations, particularly w i t h
known subversives who place the
interests of foreign powers above
those of the United States, are also
reasons for disqualification.
"We find Dr. Oppenheimer is not
entitled to the continued confidence
of the government and of this com-
mission because of the proof of
fundamental defects in his 'char-
acter.' "

Guatemala
Armas Ma]

Fighting.
:es Peace

4

Ike Waives
Goodbye
To Churchill
Conference Ends
On Note of Hope

By the Associated Press
Eisenhower and Churchill ended
their conferences with a hearty
handshake in the White House rose
garden while nearly a hundred re-t
porters and photographers, news-
reel and television cameramen
watched.
"Goodbye again," Eisenhower
called out with a smile as Church-
ill settled back in his Rolls Royce
limbusine. "My best to you and
love to all the family."
Churchill, a half smoked cigar
jutting from his mouth, waved
goodby, held up his fingers in his
familiar "V for Victory'' sign and
rolled off to the British Embassy,
In mid - afternoon, Churchill
boarded a plane and flew to Otta-
wa, Ont., for a one-day visit be-
fore returning to England. He ar- MABEL RHEAD FIELD PREPARES TO PLAY A
rived there late Tuesday.
In a White House "declaration" ONCE-IN-A-LIFETIME:
ending their five-day unity con-
ference, they pledged to give "ap-
propriate and feasible assistance"r
to regional groupings of non-
Communist nations. aR slpse
Their six-point document wasV
issued after a farewell 45-minute Iit r q e i u c i s
meeting of Mr. Eisenhower, Chur-
chill and their foreign-policy Eclipse watchers in the midwest readied smoked classes and
chiefs. crossed their fingers in hopes for fair weather for a once-in-a-life-
The disarmament appeal, i*i- time phenomenon this morning.
mediately broadcast by the Voice If weather predictions of scattered- thundershowers come true.
of America, obviously was aimed the early rising viewers might be disappointed, as would professional
at persuading Russia to begin newI astronomers. The eclipse was to start here at 5:15 a.m. and last until
talks to ban atomic and hydrogenI
weabns. 7 a.m.

L,

Ends;
Plea

The final Eisenhower-Churchill
meeting wound up a confidential
series of talks which apparently
has narrowed the Far East split in
British-American policy but fail-
ed to patch up a continuing con-
flict in views about the Indochina
crisis.
The six-point declaration, joint-
ly signed by the President and
Churchill, set forth these princi-
ples their governments intent to
uphold:
1-"In intimate comradeship
oshey will continue united ef-
forts to secure world peace
based upon the Atlantic Char-
ter which we affirm."
2-Tigether and individually,
they will continue to hold out the
"hands of friendship" to all na-
tions which "by solemn pledge and
deed" demonstrate their desire for
just peace.
3-Both will use "every peace-
ful means" to secure indepen-
dence for countries whose peo-
ples "desire and are capable of
sustaining" it.
4-World peace can be advanced
"by general and drastic reductions
under effective safeguards" of all
world armaments.
5-They jointly urge establish-
ment of new associations of ap-
propriate nations dedicated to pre-
serving world peace and independ-
ence.
6-Along with like-minded na-
tions they promised to develop and
maintain the necessary economic,
military and spiritual strength to
live peacefully and to promote
"fuller and freer interchange
among us of goods and services"
benefiting all peoples.

The path of the total eclipse ranged from northeastern Nebras-

'The Hump
KANSAS CITY (M-"Well, doctor,
I'm over the hump. We have this
thing whipped," Harry S. Truman
told his physician Tuesday.
The former President, who had
his appendix and gall bladder re-
moved June 20, was reported
greatly improved Tuesday after
his condition took a turn for the
worse last Saturday.
Dr. Wallace Graham said "Mr.
Truman's condition is no longer
critical. His condition is fair, but
guarded."
Dr. Graham said the chief prob-
lem now is Truman's resistance to
a post-operative form of bacteria.
"I wouldn't want to disclose the
type of bacteria involved," Dr.
Graham said. "I don't feel free to
do that but there is no sign of
malignancy. We know the bacteria
we're fighting and we have the
specific medicants to combat it.
Whether or not we can overcome
this with medicants, we feel that
Mr. Truman can overcome the
bacteria himself."
Dr. Graham said the former
President was surprised when he
saw three doctors and' a nurse at
his bedside this morning.
"Say, I don't want so much fuss
around me," he told Dr. Graham,
who said the remark was a sign
Mr. Truman was feeling like his
old self.

ka across parts of South Dakota,
Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin and
Michigan. A partial eclipse would
be observed in other parts of the
nation.
The eclipse was estimated to be
about 87 per cent of totality in
Ann Arbor.
Amateur astronomers and the
just-plain-curious were warned in
advance that ordinary tinted sun-
glasses were not dark enough;
smoked glass was needed for safe
observation.
Television was set to cover the
show, with NBC and CBS sharing
facilities to telcast from Minnea-
polis, Chicago and New York on
the show "Today" (NBC) and
"Morning Show" (CBS). Repeat
shows will be made throughout the
day.
The next two total eclipses vis-
ible in parts of the nation are due
on Oct. 2, 1959, in New England
and in mid-Florida on March 7,
1970.;

-Daily-Mar, Crozier
T RACKHAM
World News
Roundup
By the Associated Press
FERRARA, Italy - Two thou-
sand armed Italian troops took
over the feeding and watering of
starving cattle yesterday in Fer-
rara Province's farm strike.
Strikers who have battled with
police for two months, cut ditches
across roads, broken dikes to flood
farmlands and dumped crude oil
into livestock wells, watched in
silence.
Owners of the 4 000 farms are
affected by the strike of 100,000
farm workers, who are asking that
their pay of $30 a month be in-
creased by $2.75.
THE HAGUE, Netherlands -
Indonesia's foreign minister said
yesterday continued Dutch control
of Western New Guinea would be
a threat to peace in Asia, Aus-
tralia and the western Pacific.
The foreign minister, Dr. Sun-
arjo, made the statement as Dutch
and Indonesian representatives
convened in a closed session con-
ference aimed at liquidating the
5-year-ol dloose union lining their
countries. Indonesia was formerly
the Dutch East Indies.
Western New Guinet is the only
territory in the area which The
Netherlands still controls. The
Eastern part of the island is under
Australian rule.

Secret Meet
Of Monzon
And Armos
Regime Lasts
Only 48 Hours
GUATEMALA M - The Guate-
malan fighting stopped Tuesday
while a new hours-old military re-
gime here sought peace with the
anti-Communist field forces led by
Col. Carlos Castillo Armas.
Secrecy surrounded the peace
negotiations but a report, in mid-
afternoon said Castillo Armas and
Col. Elfego Monzon, head of the
regime here, were due to meet
later in the day. Both are ardent
anti-Communists.
Armistice Prevails
(Guatemala radio reports herd
in neighboring countries Tuesday
night said an armistice prevails
while the negotiations are being
carried on.)
The first reports of negotiations
did not say where or when Castillo
Armas and Monzon were meeting.
(Reports in Washington said Cas-
tillo Armas and Monzon or his
representative were expected to
meet in San Salvador, El Salva-
dor-neutral territory.)
The third Guatemala City regime
in less than 48 hours began peace
efforts immediately after moving
into power Tuesday morning in an
effort to end the 12-day-old battle.
Monzon had been in charge of
the Interior Ministry, including the
police, for a military junta led by
Col. Carlos Enrique Diaz. The Diaz
junta, which lasted only a day,
had ousted the Communist-support-
ed regime of President Jacobo Ar-
benz Guzman Sunday night.
The new junta is composed of
men between 34 and 40. It said
the Diaz regime, while outlawing
communism by decree Monday
really was helping Communists
who had been powerful under Ar-
benz escape the country.
Monzon's group said it was will-
ing to include rebl leader Castillo
Armas in its ruling board.
There was some feeling here
that Castillo Armas still may de-
mand nothing short of uncondi-
tional surrender and that he may
have the power to enforce it. Oth-
ers in the capital believe the rebel
leader may go along with the new
junta for the sake of peace and
security.
All the political prisoners the
Arbenz regime had arrested, in-
cluding some leading anti-Commu-
nists were freed Tuesday.
One-Day Regime
The one-day Diaz regime was
being criticized Tuesday for its
policies. One of the things it prom-
ised to do but did not carry out
was lifting of censorship.
While there was not much hope
that Monzon would lift censorship
immediately, there was hope he
might at least improve censorship
conditions for newsmen.
While the new regime was tak-
ing power, Rafael Alvarado, Gua-
temalan ambassador to Mexico,
said Arbenz had reached San Sal-
vador, El Salvador, on his way
to exile in Argentina. His wife and
son earlier were reported to have
sought refuge in the Argentine Em-
bassy in Guatemala City.
It was anybody's guess about
what will happen next in Gutema-
la. But there was little doubt a
military junta of some form would
continue for several months. A
general election would come later.
Ex 'U' Student

Makes Protest
WASHINGTON (IP)-A former
college Communist, thanked for his
testimony before the House Un-
American Activities Committee,
yesterday responded with a protest
that the committee isn't following
"the American way."
The witness was Jack Alexander
Lucas, onetime Austrian refugee

LIFE OF THE MIND:
White Discusses Uses
Of Aristocratic Leisure
The opportunity of this age is to rediscover that the proper use
of leisure is the "life of the mind," said Lynn T. White Jr., president
of Mills College, said yesterday in the third speech in the Women in
the World of Man series.
Speaking before a packed Angell Hall auditorium audience, White
stressed that leisure which is made possible by technological advances
is our greatest danger as well as our greatest potential asset.
"Foolish idleness" is as dangerous to our society as is the Hydro-
gen Bomb, stated White. In times
1 past only the aristocratic few had
leisure time. Today we all are
"partial-aristocrats," but don't
S D roknow hw to make use of our extra
l1 time.
White referred to the "life of
the mind" as being briught about
who stopped smoking the night the by a discipline of the "human
want to live longer." spirit" obtained through the pro-
"It hasn't scared me-what's a cess of a liberal arts education.
few months longer anyway," one Commenting particularly on the
local business man asserted and women's liberal arts education he
I'll live long enough to prove their said that too often either the tech-
theories." nical or the classical half of edu-
A switch to filtered cigarettes atn was fraotteni

'U' SMOKERS PUFF AWAY:
Cancer Report Causes Stock, Cigarette S
0>

By RONA FRIEDMAN
T h o u g h tobacco corporations,
investors and smokers have been
in a flurry since the American
Cancer Society published prelim-
inary findings which linked cancer
and heart disease deaths with
heavy cigarette smoking, the re-
n ,.t thn fa c '. -ratinll

tually picked up, there has been
a general "jagged decline" since
public about a year ago, he added.
Cigarette Sales Drop
Locally, several tobacco stores
reported that cigarette sales had
dropped considerably after the
last report, while pipe and tobacco

the substances in the products of
cigarette combustion that possibly
cause cancer, Dr. Cameron ex-'
,lained.
Thus, if filters are used to hold
back the smoke particles, the sus-'
pected carinogenic meterials may
not be absorbed by the smoke and

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