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June 29, 1954 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1954-06-29

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THE INDEPENDENT
VOTER
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Latest Deadline in the State THUNDERSHOWeRS

VOL. LXIV, No. 6S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JUNE 29, 1954
Regents Open Meetings to Accredite(

SIX PAGES
IPress

Leonard Outlines
Campaign Program
Hopeful, for Primary Nomination,
Speaks before Local Republicans
By BAERT BRAND
Michigan must have a governor -of the same political faith as
the State Legislature in order to promote the maximum progress
and welfare of the State as a whole.
Donald S. Leonard made this statement before a group of local
Republicans last night at Tappan Junior High School as part of his
campaign for the Republican nomination for Governor at the August
3 primary.
Stalemates and deadlocks of the past six years show that in-
harmonies between opposite political faiths in Lansing have not re-
flected the interests of predominately Republican Michigan, Leonard
declared.
Leonard cited the Judges Retirement Act which enables the
Governor to make political appointments when judges reach retire-
ment age and their elected terms

Crowley Speaks
A bout 'U' Reds
Seven Ex-Faculty Men Mentioned;
Schaffer Among Students Named

I

East-=West
Amity Urged
4By Churchill
WASHINGTON (1P-Prime Min-
ister Churchill called Monday for
the Western Powers to have a try
at living peacefully with Russia,
lest they fall into a war that
would "leave us victorious on a
heap of ruins."
Churchill raised his plea after
pledging, with President Eisenhow-
er, to "press forward" with plans
for a free-nation shield against the
Communist threat in Southeast
Asia.
The British leader, speaking at
a news conference as his criti-
cal talks with Eisenhower drew to-
ward an end, made it clear e still
favors a Big Three meeting with
Russia's Premier Malenkov. But,
he cautioned:
"To me'et without good, occasion,
without some hope of definite ame-
lioration of the world situation,
might worsen and sharpen ten-
sions."
The Churchill-Eisenhower meet-
ing appeared to have eased but not
to have ended a serious British-
American dispute over the best
strategy for containing the Red ad-
vance in Indochina.
Churchill agreed to permit Brit-
B am to join in talks aimed at some
kind of "nollective defense" in Asia
but apparently won his poinththat
actual setting up of any such al-
liance must await the end of pes-
ent Indochina trune talks.
Eisenhower is also reported to
have notified Churchill the United
States would refuse to back or
guarantee any British-supported ar-
mistice which gives a major part
of Indochina to the Communists.
Churchill was informed, however,
that the bamerican government
might have to acquiesce to such an
Indochina deal because it could not
physically prevent it.
Eisenhower also put Churchill on
notice the United States wanted no
part of any Locarno-type treaty
with the Communists which would
seek to guarantee peace in Asia.
Churchill made it plain, officials
said, he intends to explore the pos-
sibility of negotiating sunh a pact
without the United States.
In a voice frequently touched
with emotion, Churchill also strong-
ly urged greater Western trade and
cultural contacts with the Russians.
This might convince the Kremlin
rulers, he said, that they have mor
to gain by 25 years of peace with
the West than by pushing toward
a possible new war.
Britain and the United States, he
said, must march hand-in-hand in
t leading the fe world despite tem-
porary differences and, if neces-
sary, must stand "shoulder-to-
shoulder" to defend freedom.
Begin Informal Talks
The joint American-British deci-
sion to begin informal talks for a
Southeast Asia defense treaty stood
out as the most important agree-
ment mentioned in a 500-word state-
ment summing up the 3% day Ei-
senhower-Churchill conference.
Diplomats said British-American
ovnrte wil1 l nln,.n th rn

have not yet expired. This has en-
abled appointments to-be made of
Democrats on boards, commissionsj
and in areas which serve largely
Republican districts.
Leonard said that he has "no
strings attached, committments or
obligations," adding that if elect-
ed Governor he will strive "to serve
all people in the State of Michigan'
to the best of my ability."
He assured voters that he has
severed completely all connections
with the Detroit Police Department
although when he announced his
candidacy for governor he was of-
fered a leave of absence as Detroit
Police Commissioner.
Program Outlined
Leonard outlined points of his
platform.
One problem before the state is
the need to "repair the delapa-
dated highways and make new
ones, especially farm to market
and county roads." He added that
roads must now be considered in
view of the effects of the St. Law-
rence Seaway project.
Leonard heaped praise upon-the
women who have proved them-
selves qualified to hahdle policy
making positions in the state gov-
ernment through their work in
campaigning.
He spoke of the need for not
only more schools and classrooms,
but to go "beyond mortar and
brick to the need for more quali-
fied teachers." Leonard hit a low
teacher salaries in this regard.
Leonard promised "to do every-
thing possible to cut out the frills
of government." But, he added,
with Constitutional impediments
and earmarked funds, the ap-
proach is a different one.
Constitution Needs Revision
The 1908 Constitution of Mich-
igan needs revision, Leonard said,
adding that he favors calling a
Constitutional Revision Conven-
tion to tackle the job.
Leonard cited the results of the
last two gubernatorial elections
which the Republican candidates
narrowly lost. In 1948, the Repub-
lican candidate lost by one fourth
of a vote per precinct on a state
average. Two years ago his party's
nominee lost by 10,000 votes.
In both these elections Republi-
can majorities were carried in out-
state areas but the elections were
lost in Wayne County, Leonard
said. For a Republican to win he
must, "Lose Wayne County by
less" he added.

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By DIANE AuWERTER
Daily Managing Editor
A former University student, °28-year-old Francis X. Crowley
of New York, yesterday reversed an earlier decision to refuse to co-
operate with the Velde-Clardy House Un-American Activities Com-
mittee and laid bare the Communist picture as he saw it in Ann Arbor,
In addition to listing 27 members of the campus Ralph Naefus
club, named by the Committee as a Communist cell, Crowley named
seven one-time faculty members as belonging to the Haldane Club,
LYNN T. WHITE which he said was the Communist group for teachers.
... speaks today Among the seven named was Norman Cazden, an instructor in
theory in the Music school in 1948-50, who appeared on the stand
*with Crowley. Accompanied by --- - -
counsel, Cazden claimed the priv-
ilege of the fifth amendment and c
c declined to say whether or not he
dcat on was faculty advisor of the Young,
Progressives in 1950 or to answer I W il TH al
questions regarding present Com-
munist affiliation.
The only person named by Crow-
ley who is still on campus was Ed relS
cation for women will be the Schaffer, Grad., who was called
point of the next two lec- before the Committee when it ap- DETROIT (R-Three thousand
n the special University Sum- peared in Lansing last month. CIO wildcat strikers at Great Lakes
ession program, "Woman in Clardy Contacted Steel Corp., heeding repeated or-
rorld of Man." Rep. Kit Clardy (R-Lansing),
lolden Lynn T. White Jr. of contacted by The Daily in Wash- ders of union leaders agreed yes-
Collge, Oalnd, Cir. wilf ington, said that Crowley had posi- terday to return to work.
an ac- t remained doubtful, hwvr
Co"e Changing Cultural tively identified Schaffer as an ac- hIt em flnrd o f however,
s Th ChagingCultrdfive member of the Communist when the full roll of 11,500 em-
xt of Women's Education," ptovesmember ofl thebCommunist
5 p.m. today in Auditorium party. He mentioned that Crow- ployes would all be back on the
gell Hall. ley's testimony would not in any jobThet b a c k
author of "Educating Our way affect his threatened con- scores ofmnyrep ting for the
ters: A Challenge to the tempt citation for Schaffer. "We 4 p.m. shift after the back-to-work
es," President White has have a whole host of witnesses vote, said it would take a week to
head of Mills College since waiting for contempt citations," he ten days to build up furace fires.
The native of San Francisco said,"which Im sure Congresstroesui rngs r
rly taught at Stanford and will passSchaffer is amongthem.'s Protest Firings
°ton Universities. He also maintained Crowley's ewMembers of the CIO United
I tetimny oul no chngetheSteelworkers had walked out in
Komarovsky to Speak testimony would not change protest of a series of firings.
sorrow,Prof. Mirra Komarov- committee's future plans. "W4 The return-to-work vote came as
f the Barnard College Socio- came away from Michigan with 40 Paul Carnahan, Great Lakes pres-
Department, will speak on per cent of the witnesses we want- ident, and David J. McDonald,
Should College Teach Wom- ed to hear unheard. I am positive USW president, exchanged com-
that we will be back in Michigan ments.
President White and Prof. after November, but there is little
if any more to be done at the Uni- McDonald invited a meeting be-
rovsky will participate in a tween himself and Carnahan after
discussion on "Higher Edu- Nothing which was developed the latter had deplored the strike
for Women" to be held at "othig wh as eveope in a telegram to the steel union
.i. tomorrow in Auditorium today will have any ecect upon the chief.
.m.tomrro inAudtorumUniversity's standing as a good he'
gell Hall. Other members of ni "ert snuded.o Carnahan said Great L a k e s
nel are: Vice-President Mar- school," he concluded. Steel has had more than 70 work
Niehuss, Prof. Helen W. Schaffer Replies stoppages this year "in violation
n of the astronomy depart- After hearing Clardy's con i of contracts," adding that "we
and Prof. Algo D. Henderson ments, Schaffer replied, "Clardy is cannot close or open steel mills
School of Educationds kidding no one. A witness can at the whim of every local union
Piano Program Today only be cited for contempt because official."
in conjunction with the of his conduct before the commit- Return after Plea by Shane
dn summejunesion withrthe tee. Since my conduct was perfect-
l summer session program, ly proper, he has no legal basis to Strikers gave up their walkout
Rhead Field, professor e- press the contempt citation." after another plea from Thomas
us of the piano, will give Schaffer continued, "He is ob- Shane, USW regional director.
lic recital at 8:30 p.m. today vio'usly trying to pressure me into Later a Great Lakes spokesman
*ckham Lecture Hall. becoming an informer. I have no announced the company and union
75-year-old pianist will play intention of joining his stable, how- would resume negotiations on a
ata in F-sharp minor" by ever." new contract tomorrow.
"Sonata in E major" by Crowley reported that he had Shane told a mass meting of
tti, "Phantasie, Op. 17" by reversed his "uncooperative" stand 3,000 strikers to return to their
nann, "Moments Musicals, of last year because "a Catholic jobs.
* by Schubert and "Fantaisie, priest advised me to tell the full He said the dismissals of 14
9" by Chopin. story." He maintained his con- workers, which brought on the
science, rather than an impending walkout, would be handled through
1ge Says Pegier citation for contempt, dictated his the grievance procedure.
a ochange of heart before th commit- A company official said it might
oeled Reynolds tee. take until today for an accurate
Rep. Clary said that he did not estimate of when normal produc-
Vr YORK L(R) - A federal Iknow what effect Crowley's testi- tions can be resumed. The strike
held yesterday that author would have upon the Justice de- involved 11,000 workers of the
in Reynolds was clearly li- partment, but said that, "Speaking giant downriver factory.
in a 1949 column by West- for myself, in view of his coopera- Face Court Airing
Pegler, the tart Hearst col- tion and voluntary appearance be- The Great Lakes dispute also
t. fore the committe, I would be faces a court airing Thursday.
jury was told to fix dam- inclined to give leniency to Crow- Circuit Judge George B. Murphy
ley," has set a hearing on the company's

-Daily-Marj Crozier
SPORTSMAN'S WOES-An unidentified sports car enthusiast
doesn't seem to be getting much help from his youthful kibitzer
as he putters around under the hood.
AIR BLAST:
A nti-Red Rebels Renew
Teguci gal pa Attack

TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (A') -
The anti-Communist rebels again
attacked the Guatemalan capital
with their air force Monday night
despite the change in governments
there.
First reports quoted the Guate-
malan government radio as say-
ing 12 planes bombarded the cap-
ital less than 24 hours after Col.
Narlos Diaz and a military junta
had replaned leftist President Ja-
cobo Arbenz Guzman and outlawed
the Communist party.,y
Abenz was reported en route by
plane to exile in Argentina.
Other listeners to the Guatemalan
broadcast, however, understood
thet only one or two planes at-
tacked with bombs and machine
guns. ,
Three planes were the most the
rebels have used in previous raids
on the capital. ,
The "Liberation" radio of Col.
Carlos Castillo Armas, who set out,
to overthrow Arbenz 11 days ago,
earlier Monday called the Diz re-
gime "usurpers" and broadcast an
ultimatum to the new government
to set a cease-fire or face new air
bombardments of the capital.
Subsequent broadcasts from the
capital indicated the new regime
was attempting to stiffen its forces
for a fight against the invaders.
Castillo Armas announced that
his newly proclaimed government,
which has been fighting the Arbenz
regime since June 18, would
"raise" their arms against what he
termed the "unconscitutional" jun-
ta.
His "Liberation radio" threat-
ened the renewed bombing of Gua-
temala City if the junta did not
sue speedily for a ceasefire.
Castillo Armas obviously feared
the outlawing of communism would
pull the rug out from under his
anti-Communist invasion move-
ment.
Battle for Zacapa,
Authoritative sources in Tegucl.
galpa reported a big battle for Za-
capa had not been broken off by
the change in governments in Gua-
temala City. Zacapa is an impor-'
tant rail center in east Guatemala.
Ther wer no details of the
fighting.
In Guatemala City, Associated
Press Correspondent Jack Rut-
ledge said the rebels were only
70 miles away when Arbenz quit,
and there was little opposition to
them except by the labor forces

which the regime had organized
and armed.
Rutledge gave a graphic picture
of events leading up to Arbenz's
resignation. He said the decision
was reached after army nhiefs had
held an all-day meeting Sunday
and then sent three colonels for a
showdown with Arbenz. The thre
were Diaz, then chief of staff; Col.
Carlos Sarti, head of the National
Superior Council of Defense; and
Col. Enrique Parinello Coloma.
Bank Thieves
May Escape
DETROIT ()-Two masked gun-
men who robbed a suburban branch
bank yesterday of $11,460 may have
escaped police road blockades by
heading down the Detroit River
in a motorboat.
Trenton police said two men
were seen running to a small
white outboard motorboat with a
bag shortly after two similarly
dressed men held up the West
Road branch of the Trenton State
bank.
A car was found nearby that
had been stolen from a Detroit
used car lot three days ago. It was
tentatively identified as the get-
away car.
Heading South
Police said the men on the riv-
er were heading south toward
Toledo. Canadian authorities on
a Royal Canadian Mounted Police
boat sped to the scene.
Ontario provincial police boats
patroled the Canadian side of the
river to prevent a landing. State
police patroled the Michigan shore.
State Policeadropped road blocks
but alerted all police agencies to
be on the lookout. The men were
described as between 25 and 30
years old and in a late model
gunmetal gray car,
Fred W. Pluskat, the branch
bank manager, and two women
tellers, Olga Barker and Agnes
Morrison, were tied up with a
clothesline by the robbers. After
the robbers left they freed them-
selves and telephoned police.
Pluskat said that the two men
pushed their way in shortly after
the bank opened at 10 a.m.

Plan Adopted
On One Year
Trial Period
MPA Project
For 3 Years
By BECKY CONRAD
More than three years of nego-
tiations for Regents' meetings open
to the press came to an end yes-
terday as the Board of Regents
and the Michigan Press Associa-
tion issued a joint announcement
calling for a one-year trial period
plan to begin in September.
The proposal for opening meet-
ings as adopted by the Regents
after conferences with the MA's
Committee on Freedom, of Infor-
mation was given approval of the
MPA Board of Directors at a week-
end session at Blaney Park.
Limited to 20
Number of accredited newsmen
permitted at a single meeting is
limited to approximately 20.
The MPA committee which rep-
resented the press during the talks
on the meetings will serve as an
accrediting body. Bona fide staff
reporters or editors of regularly
issued publications of general cir-
culation will be approved.
The Daily recently gained mem-
bership in the press group.
Accredited Newsmen Attend
The agreement which has bee
reached provides that regular
meetings of the Regents will be
open to accredited news represen-
tatives. Regents have agreed that
in general they will conduct final
discussions and take voting action
in the meetings at a time open to
news representatives.
Right to hold executive sessions,
particularly on matters such as
the purchase of property or other
matters involving security restric-
tions or for delicate or confidental
reasons pertaining to acceptance
of positions, discipline, or con-
tracts, was retained by the Board.
The agreement permits prelim-
inary confidential discussions by
the Regents or by their designated
committees.
The agreement also provides
that the Regents and officers of
the University will continue to be
available (as in the past) for in-
terpretation or for providing back-
ground information on actions
which are taken and that the Uni-
versity News Service will continue
to supply materials for the use of
news representatives.
H. F. Bailey of the Adrian Tele-
gram, chairman of MPA's Freedom
of Information committee work-
ing on the project, commented, "It
is gratifying indeed to the press
to have the Regents of the Univer-
sity open their meetings to news
representatives.
"Through the discussions lead-
ing up to the agreement, both the
Regents and the press have come
to understand each other's pur-
poses and problems, and I am con-
fident we have reached a happy
solution. We pledge our fullest ef-
forts to make the plan work effec-
tively in the public interest."
Long-term Project
According to Brewster Campbell,
Executive City Editor of the De-
troit Free Press and former chair-
man of the MPA group, the open-
ing of the Regents' meetings is
part of a long-standing project to
open sessions of the governing bod-
ies of the University and Michigan
State College.
He explained that "on the basis
that they are doing public business
and that only when the public is
represented can it get the com-

plete picture of what is going on."
Meetings of the Board of Agri-
culture, governing group of MSC
were opened a little more than a
year ago under a similar plan,
Campbell said.
Specific negotiations for open-
ing Regents' meetings got into full
sway in March when the first draft
of the plan was drawn up.
Shortly afterward, University
director'of Public Relations Ar-
thur L. Brandon outlined a more
or less formal agreement which
went to the MPA committee. The
group later met with Regent Char-
les S. Kennedy in Detroit and
drafted the plan in its final form.

Leonard explaied that he is the Federal Judge Edward Wein- Crowley's Change
candidate who can do just that feld's ruling came at the close Speaking of Crowfey, revisal
because of his deep roots in De- of a bitter seven-week trial, the m testimony, Schaffer, w
troit which include it as his birth- first to which Pegler ever was mitted previous acquaintance with
place aid ground for much public subjected during nearly 40 years Crowley, said, "If peopleyknew
service including Detroit Police as a hard-hitting, no-holds-bar- He added, "This man has bought
Commissioner. red newspaperman. H added man ha bought
I his own freedom at the expense
of other people," Schaffer de-
clared. "Bcause of his contempt-
ible action he has lost the respect
Or ]OI of his former friends and he will
never gain the respect of his new
associates."
Rep. Clardy said Crowley had
By The Associated Press not mentioned Mike Sharpe, Grad,
NEW YORK- A federal judge held yesterday that author Quen- president of the Labor Youth
tin Reynolds was clearly libeled in a 1949 column by Westbrook Peg- League who was called before the
ler, the tart Hearst columnist. committee along with Schaffer,
The jury was told to fix damages., but that Sharpe was nevertheless
Federal JudgetEdward Weinfeld's ruling came at the close of a definitely in line for a contempt
bitter seven-week trial, the first to which Pegler ever was subjected citation.
during nearly 40 yeals as a hard-hitting, no-holds-barred newspaper- Another former student, Lee
Salk, who is now employed at the
man. University Fresh Air Camp as a
- * * * * * * psychologist, was named by Crow-
T.(1i TT~lJT kr A ynif'-... .. .-, -4- r aI V'.trA ixiCA q O 'C Tm~7 r cQ 'Trr.. , __ai ..,.I

petition that the union be held
responsible and forced to pay for!
alleged plant damages caused by
the strike.
The company charges it suffered
financial losses- when w o r k e r s
walked out, leaving open hearth
furnaces unattended.
Great Lakes also has asked that
pickets be restrained from inter-
ference with movement at the
gates.

HISTORY'S GREATEST: .
Flood Boils Down Rio Grande River

< > i

DEL RIO, Tex. A-The greatest
flood in its history boiled down
the Rio Gande Monday night in
the wake of rains which ranged
up to an unofficial 22 inches in
the Southwest's ranch country.

But along the Pecos and Devil's
rivers which empty into the Rio
Grande and the usually-dry draws
in the sheep and ranch country
north of here, it was different.
sirensserea~eri. huirh a nd

Texas Ranger Max Westerman
said at Del Rio that the 12,000
homeless at Ciudad Acuna had
been evacuated into the hills.
U. S. Air Force hel copters com-
nlat,.d Mrn,v Pv~ralpnling 269n~r

I

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