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August 10, 1954 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1954-08-10

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E TWO

'UHU MICHIGAN DAILAr

TUESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1954

ETWO / 'tilt ~UIClIIfAX fulLy TUESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1954

l Was a Counterspy

For the FE
DO NOT usually remember my dreams, because
I know nothing about them. But this one I had
the other night, in which something happened to
me that had never occurred in real life, I remem-
ber.
In this unsavory dream, I was a Communist for
the FBI. Or a G-man for the Communist Party. It
was difficult to determine which. Anyway, I was a
so-called counterspy.
At several points in the dream I should have been
wondering how I got into such dangers, but wasn't.
The dream had been quite clear on that point.
Someone had given me a free ticket to the.
ballgarse, and, when I arrived at the stadium, it
had changed into a vacated store where a cell
meeting was in progress. At first I was inclined
to admire the Party's cleverness, but I man-
aged to overlook it and ask for a rain check.
They would have none of that, so I attended the
meeting. Although the meeting seemed like, well,
like a meeting, a tense feeling hounded me, a feel-
ing that these fellows maybe should be investigated.
But, before I could stand up and say so, the store
changed back into a ballpark and everyone was
standing for the seventh inning stretch.
After the game, I thought of all the government
agents that must hang around the ballpark in con-
stant vigil against subversives. So I went to the
FBI.
It was easy. I was passing a barbershop when
it turned into one of J. Edgar's branch offices.
The fellow with half a shave was actually chief
investigator for the district. While wiping off the
lather, he told me to join the Party and report
to him on all impending disasters while they
were still pending.

I

Think

"Sho nuff," I answered, seeing that he was fooled
by my fake southern accent. I discovered later that
he was the head of the Communist Party in the
area; although I wasn't sure it was him because
he was fully shaved. He convinced me, though, when
he suggested possible misleading reports to the
FBI.
Instead, I was to report to him on the FBI's ac-
tivity. I undertook this new task with gusto until
I began to think it unnecessary to report to him
what he already knew. Handling the situation was
becoming problematical, but he solved everything.
"We're not paying you to think," he said coldly,
"just report."
I spent nine years in this dream reporting from
"Doc" the Communist to "Doc" of the FBI. And
not once did I get a paycheck. I dodged in and
out of revolving doors, slunk through alleys,
I squirmed before revolver barrels, testified for
both sides, and not once did I get paid.
So I got mad. I was getting the runaround and
didn't like it. For ten more years I planned my
revenge. I would liquidate both the Communist
Party and the FBI, the Party first to show the
FBI how it's done. Besides, I am patriotic, even
in dreams.
Being a member of both, I studied as many until
I knew their weaknesses. After ten years, I learn-
ed the precise method for eliminating the Party.
First things first, I philosophized, the FBI could
wait. I had learned how to eliminate the Com-
munist threat in this country, which was not bad
for a start. I set up a program of action.
Then I woke up.
If only I could remember the last part of that
dream, I could make' millions on television.
-Jim Dygert

"INotic e Anything From Up There?"
-- "s . Rr_
f~2K

i

.. cetter to lie 6difor .

For the Belgians' Sakes A Letter to
To the Editor: President Hatcher:
1N THE August 6 Issue of your
paper, you refer to the pre- THIS IS a copy of a letter re-
Bence on this campus of Prof. An- cently sent to President Hat-

dre Hacquerre of the University
of Louvain, Belgium,
I feel compelled to bring to your
attention the fact that there is no
Professor by name of Hacquerre
on the Faculty of the University.
This I have ascertained after
careful checking.
For the defense of my country's
reputation, I have pursued the
truth in this matter. A long and
circuitous search has led me to
the person of Andrew Hacker, who
is an itinerant intellectual attend-
ing summer session here. It is my
understanding that he has been
able to crash certain social circles
by posing as a Belgian Professor.
I think that the public should
be warned against such imperson-
ations which might give a wrong
impression of the character of the
Belgian people.
-Jacques Dreze
* * *
it Answer to Myself .,. .
To the Editor:
HAVE BEEN staying in Ann Ar-
bor for a few -days visiting with
friends, and I read the interview
with Professor Haquerre of the
University of Louvain in Belgium.
Your reporter indicated that Pro-
fessor Hacquerre felt that "Ameri-
can sociologists are not concerned"
with the problem of assimilation

cher.
"It is my painful duty to write

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PANDORA'S POLICE STATE:
-Congress and Eisenhower's
Anti-Communist Legislation

EVEN THOUGH last January Congress was wildly
E enthusiastic about the President's proposal that
anyone convicted of belonging to the Communist
conspiracy should lose his American citizenship,
neither house has yet given practical effect to that
enthusiasm by passing the necessary legislation.
Nor have many of the other measures in the Attor-
ney General's large load of anti-subversive Bills got
beyond the committee stage. The more the legisla-
tors look into this Pandora's box, the more they
suspect that they are being asked to let loose a
swarm of threats to America's civil liberties and
constitutional rights-and Congress has not enough
confidence in the Attorney General, Mr. Brownell,
to take his word for it that there is no danger of
a police state hidden in his proposals.
The Administration will therefore have to wait
until next year and the next .Congress for most, if
not all, of the additional legislative authority which
it considers essential if the net against Communist
infiltration is to be tightened. And if the example
of the present Congress is followed, that authority,
when it comes, will be in a more modified form
than the Administration likes. Already the House

Bill permitting the use in court of evidence ob-
tained by tapping telephone wires has restricted
this power to such an extent that -the Adminisra-
tion regards the Bill as useless; the Senate version
looks little more satisfactory and even Senator
McCarrah, not usually accused of liberalism, seems
to think Mr. Brownell has gone too far this time.
The House Judiciary Committee is proposing that
an independent commission study the whole ques-
tion of Communists in trade unions and defense
plants, before legislation is considered, while the
Senate committee has approved a Bill dealing with
Communist-infiltrated unions and businesses by
methods less drastic than the forced "dissolution"
and "liquidation" suggested by Mr. Brownell. The
only Bill of this kind that has actually been sent
to the White House is that requiring subversive
organizations to give the government a list of their
printing machinery. Another Bill that has a good
chance of passage at this session, for its through
both the whole House and the Senate committee
already, is that making espionage in peacetime pun-
ishable by death.
-The London Economist

+ MUSIC I

A t A uditorinnm A ...
Sigurd Rascher, saxophonist: with Patricia Joy
Arden, piano; James Neilson, trumpet; Eleanor
Becker, bassoon; and saxophone ensemble. Pro-
gram: Pugnani-Kreisler: Praludium; Handel:
Sonata (original in D, for violin); J. S. Bach:
Prelude to Cantata No. 156; Purcell: Bouree;
von Knorr: Sonata for Saxophone and Piano;
von Knorr: Trio for Trumpet, Saxophone, and
Bassoon; Welander: Arietta; Bozza: Pulcinella;
Freda Swain: Danse du Satyr; Gershwin: Pre-
lude No. 2; Clair Leonard: Recitative and Abrac-
adabra; von Weber; Overture to Der Freischutz;
Chopin: Military Polonaise; Bach: Allegro from
the Brandenburg Concerto No. 3; Meyerbeer:
Coronation March.
T HAT much abused instrument, the saxophone,
came into its own Sunday night as Sigurd
Rascher played a long and varied program of orig-
inal works and arrangements. The saxophone is
an instrument which has its own distinctive voice,
and, as played by a musician of sensitivity and ex-
cellent technical control, it can be as expressive
and flexible as some of the more frequently en-
countered. in orchestral usage.)
countered wind instruments (that is, frequently
encountered in orchestral usage.) Mr. Rascher's
treatment of the music he plays is a straightfor-
forward one. His conception of dynamics is fitted
to the contour of the phrase, and in general, noth-
ing in his playing seems done merely for effect.
In the classical transcriptions Rascher's playing
was as clean and transparent as it was intense in
some of the other works. The Handel violin sonata
which was the large work on the first half of the
recital was played with better taste, stylistically,
than we sometimes hear from violinists. The per-
former's breath control in the beautiful second slow
movement was amazing. The long lyric line of the
piece w<as preserved entirely, and one was hardly
aware that the performer had to breathe at all. The
same coulk be said for the prelude to the Bach
cantata, which was for me the high point of the
program. With its beautifully constructed line and
the remarkable cross relations between the voices,
this is surely one of Bach's great slow movements.
And the Purcell Bouree which concluded the first.

The second half of the program began with
two works by Ernest Lother von Knorr, a com-
poser whose name is unfamiliar to me. Both the
Sonata for Saxophone and Piano and the Trio for
Trumpet, Saxophone, and Bassoon are inventive
and interesting works, and somehow both have
a distinct flavor of the 1920's. Perhaps they
were composed last year, but if they were, I
would think of them as anachronisms.) Not just
the "Slow Fox" and "Tango" movements of the
Trio, but the whole treatment of the material re-
minds one of -this period when sharp diiisonance
was a comparatively new thing and composers ex-
ploited it for its coloristic possibilities. It was
dissonant counterpoint in the Trio, and disso-
nant vertical sonorities in the Sonata, but the
style was still similar. Both works are inter-
esting ones, and should be worth repeated hear-
ings. The ensemble in the Trio seemed rather
tentative and over-cautious, perhaps the re-
sult of insufficient rehearsal. The Sonata, how-
ever, was played excellently by both Mr. Rascher
and Mrs. Arden.
The remainder of Mr. Rascher's solo numbers
were short pieces. Those which stood out particu-
larly for me were the Arietta by Welander, a sin-
cere and rather moving composition, and the fa-
miliar Prelude by Gershwin. The pieces by Bozza,
Swain, and Leonard were of the lighter-than-air
variety, and were entertaining in various degrees.
The remainder of the program was devoted to
several transcriptions for saxophone ensemble, very
competently played for the most part, and I wish
there were space to list the individual names. The
Bach Brandenburg concerto movement came off
the best. I think the credit should go to Bach.
Mr. Rascher made an announcement challeng-
ing the infallibility of The Daily. It seems that in
last Saturday's issue the name of Ernst Lother von
Knorr was rendered as Ernst Lothar von Rascher.
Forsooth, forsooth!
-Dave Tice
THE PRESENT target of Soviet and satellite
sweetness and reasonableness is obviously
France, the aim being finally to convince the French
National Assembly to vote down E.D.C. and there-
fore to wreck that vital project for Western secur/.
It is motfortune-,t fhreoe -that in the dimestic

WASHINGTON- Jim Hagerty, fornia, "if a man transports har- o foreign workers in European
White House press secretary, who cotics illegally, his automobile is countries.
used to work for Tom Dewey, was seized and confiscated. W h y This is an astound g claim-
categoric the other day in stating shouldn't a company which violates fessor Woodroone orTulaneo ther
that the longtime governor of New the law on atomic energy also assimilation of Swiss watchmak-
York would not run again. forfeit its license?"t
Hagerty knows Dewey about as Bricker, however, remained ob- ders Scandinavia-andthatwa large' goup of
probably means that Dewey is also Note-One bombshell brought to American sociologists has studied o
out of the race for president in light during the closed-door atomic and wrt inhreardHasiPo
1956. Many observers had figured meetings was that the new bill fesor Hanurard of imo
that Eisenhower would throw his ;provided that four more Dixon- Welch's monograph, From Italy to
weight to Dewey for the GOP nom- Yates private-power projectscould France: A Study in Trans-Nation-
ination, in case. as expected, be built in the Tennessee Valley aK Labor Problems? Or of Phillip
Eisenhower is a one-term presi- area. This was inserted by Sen- Both of these were published dur
dent. ator Ferguson of Michigan in skill-Both p two ers And sur-
Hagerty made his statement at fully worded language which es- lyg he has heardoy the project,
a luncheon of the "Bull Elephants" caped most congressmen during conducte under the ausp e
Club, an organization of male see- the open debates. Congressman the Lessingwald Foundation and
retaries of Republican congress- Cole and Van Zandt admitted, how- headed by Professor Condict of
men. ever, that the bill permits the AEC headwhiPhfes n dingf
"Dewey will not run, Hagerty to license four private-power com- the assimilation of North African
said categorically. "I've known panies in competition 'with te thwesin ratince, SpthAiIaly
Tom a long time." T V A. Democratic congressmen workers in France, Spain, Italy a
He indicated that Senator Irving say they regard this as a deliber- and Portugal. These are only a
Ives would run for governor of ate attempt by private utilities to small sample of the work ipro-
New York instead. hamstring TVA. is beinwork, it should be said, that i
Snarled Atom Talk Washington Pipeline ibng done by American sociol-
The question that chiefly snarled It Was Secretary of State Dulles We welcome foreign schlars
the closed-door conference debate who pressured Prime Minister ou shoe Threis sch tat
over the Atomic Energy Control Churchill into finally giving up we can learn from them and theyc
Bill was the control of patents. British bases at the Suez Canal... from us. However I would humbly
This sounds technical, but it goes of the six "must" bills President suggest that they immerse them-..
to the root of the question of Eisenhower pleaded with Congress selves somewhat more thoroughly
whether your children or a few to pass, the only one that will not in the literature of their host-
big corporations will monopolize pass is the wiretapping legislation country before making sweeping
atomic energy in the next gener- -at least in the form Brownell statements.i
ation. wants it . . . The big auto com- -Thayer Underwood
At present the U.S. Government panies always cut back production
controls all the patents on atomic in the late fall to put out next (EDITOR'S NOTE: Careful Research
energy-606 of them. Some Con- i year's models. This time, Post- indicates that Thayer Underwood is
gressmen, led by Chet Holifield of master General Summerfield, an of the above letter. His words should
California, want some kind of pub- old Chevrolet dealer and a power be weighed in this light.)1
lie control for the future- in other in Michigan where they make
words control for the next gener- autos, has urged the manufactur-
ation. ers to postpone the cuts as long THE LESSONS TO
In the secret debate, however, as possible, so plants wont be
Congressman Sterling Cole, New closing dewn just before elections
York Republican, battled hard to in November . . . The Air Force
wipe out future control and permit now has two models of the fabu- W hite
the corporations to begin taking lous "flying stovepipe." This is a
out atomic patents immediately. ramjet with an open funnel through
Senator Bricker of Ohio, another the middle. It is towed up to three IN AN EFFORT to alert all the
Republican, agreed with him. In hundred miles an hour. Then the Americas to the danger to their
fact, Bricker was even more stub- air rushing through the open funnel freedom and independency raised
born than Cole. Siding with them is fired by fuel fed from burners, by the penetration of a Kremlin-
were Van Zandt of Pennsylvania It is the world's only motor with- directed Communist imperialism
and Hinshaw of California, Repub- out moving parts, capable of flying to the Western Hemisphere, the
licans, with Durham of North Car- at lightning, supersonic speeds. .. United States has issued a White
olina, Democrat. The Japanese government has no- Paper which is both an indictment
However, one important Repub- tified the U.S. Embassy that Japan of the Communist conspiracy and
lican did not concur-Hickenloop- will be forced to increase trade a warning to all American govern-
er of Iowa. with Communist China - unless ments to be on guard against it.
"I can't take this back to the American purchases from Japan The White Paper deals primarily
Senate floor," he remonstrated are increased considerably. Gover- with the nearly successful Com-
with his fellow Republicans. "It nor Shivers of Texas and Fine of munist attempt to capture Guate-
will touch off another fireworks. Pennsylvania have already recom- mala, since defeated by an anti-
We've got to compromise." mended that Japan must trade Communist revolution; but it also
Ike Agreed With Democrats with Red China. applies the lessons to be learned
What Hickenlooper had in mind Copyright, 1954 from this attempt to all American
was that the Eisenhower adminis- By The Bell Syndicate, Inc.) republics and to the free world at
tration sided with the Democrats -- -- large
on the control of patents much
more than the Republicans. The' 11In its immediate application the
original Eisenhower Atom Bill pro- { White Paper provides an added
vided for the pooling of atomic foundation for the "Caracas Doc-
patents for five years, so that 2 ,,,) -,r1t trine" proclaimed last March and
any company, large or small, would now signed by all the American
have the right to cross-license new ISixty-Fourth Year states. This doctrine, in close ana-
atomic discoveries. In other words, Edited and managed yy students of logy to the original Monroe Doc-
it would have the right to use and I the University of Michigan under the trine which turned against a dif-
pay a royalty on a new patent, authority of the Board in Control of ferent kind of imperialism, de-
just as in the automobile industry ! Student Publications. lares that international commun-
today. itiSaism is incompatible with the con-
The Democrats proposed goingA Edi ..rialStafftcept of American freedom, and
further than Eisenhower and ex- Dianne AuWerter. ..... MNight Editor that the domination or control of
Becy.nad ............Night Eio
tending the patent pool from five Rona Friedman...........Night Editor any American state by the inter-
to ten years. This was adopted by wally Eberhard...........Night Editor national Communist movement,
the Senate. and means that none Russ AuWerter............Night Editor extending to this hemisphere the
of the large firms which has been Hue Garfield..........Women's Edito
HanleGurin.......Spot r Editor political system of an extra-con-
on the inside with the Atomic Jack Horwitz......Assoc. Sports Editor tinental Power, would constitute
Energy Commission will get the I.. J. Smith.......Assoc. Sports Editor a threat to the sovereignty and
inside track on atomic patents for political independence of the Am-
at least ten years. Business Staff erican states, endangering their
But Congressman Cole wanted to Dick Astrom.... ,..Business Manager peace and requiring counter-meas-
knock out both ten years and five Sue Garfield.. Assoc. Business-Manager ures.

You protesting your announced in-
tention to recommend to the
Board of Regents of the Univer-
sity of Michigan that Dr. H.
Chandler Davis of the Department
of Mathematics be immediately
dismissed. This duty is all the
more unpleasant as I have come
to hold the University and its dis-
tinguished faculty, in consequence
of three separate visits here as{
visiting professor in Philosophy,I
in the very highest esteem. Hith-
erto it has appeared to me that
Michigan is a bastion of intellec-
tual and spiritual freedom, a place
in which both faculty and stu-
dents could grow in maturity and
wisdom in an atmosphere of
friendly debate and exchange of
ideas. My primary, although not
only, objection to your policy is,
quite simply, that any gain that
may be achieved through it is ov-
erwhelmingly offset by its pro-
found ill-effects both upon the in-
tellectual life of the University it-
self and upon its reputation with-
in the wider academic community
of scholars and colleges. Michigan
has a proud reputation as one of
the great institutions of higher
learning in this country; any de-
fection from its own high stand-
ards of academic independence
and resistance to extraneous poli-
tical and social pressure becomes,
therefore, all the more humiliating
to it and to its friends. One ex-
pects of Michigan, as one expects
of my own university, a standard
of propriety in this regard which
may be an example to other, weak-
er and less fortunate institutions.
"I do not, however, rest my ob-
jection solely on grounds of utili-
ity. It seems to me that there are
principles involved in the present
case, fundamental to the life and
growth of education and learning,
which are being seriously compro-
mised by your decision. In the
first place, it is a basic principle
of justice, vital to the intellectual
and moral security of any faculty,
that members of faculties not be
dismissed save on grounds which
are clearly and specifically stated
in the tenure rules. I have been
able to discover no such rules
which support the reasons which
you give in your letter of July
27th to Dr. Davis. I am not, here,
defending Dr. Davis' actions,
which are very different from
what I myself would personally
care to adopt; but I see nothing
whatever in your letter to him
which justifies the extreme action
which you have taken. You assert
that Dr. Davis' refusal to answer
questions both before the Hoise
Committee and before the Special
Senate Committee of the Univer-
sity is conduct which is "inexcus-
able in a member of our profes-

sion who seeks at the same time
the protection of and continued
membership in this University,
and indicates your (Dr. Davis')
unfitness to continue to the posi-
tion you (Dr. Davis) hold." You
assert this, Mr. President, but on
the basis of what clearly, enunci-
ated principles, agreed to before-
hand by the proper academic au-
thorities? I am sure you do not
wish to appear to be arbitrary, or
to invoke prindples, ad hoe, for
the dispositior, of a particular
case. I am sur, you would agree
that no univers4y can sustain its
function on the basis of ex post
facto rules, adopted quickly in the
face of temporary external pres-
sures. This being so, I believe that
you must agree that however ir-
ritating and unattractive Dr. Dav-
is' conduct may otherwise appear
to you to be, you cannot properly
impose so extreme a penalty upon
him-and upon the university it-
self.
"The trust and mission reposed
in this University, of which you
speak in your letter, is that of un-
remitting pursuit and dispensa-
tion of knowledge and wisdom. I
agree that if a man, through pro-
fessional incompetence, inatten-
tion to duty, or flagrant moral
turpitude, renders himself incap-
able of fulfilling that trust, he
has evidenced his unfitness to
teach. On the first two scores, I
gather that Dr. Davis has acquit-
ted himself with a margin to spare.
On the score of moral turpitude,
I cannot see that the evidence is
at all clear that Dr. Davis has
been remiss. On the contrary, he
is reputed to be a person of the
highest personal integrity, a man
of profound moral convictions
who is willing to incur personal
suffering for his ideals. You and
I may agree as to the unwisdom
of his action; but as to his moral
rectitude I should think there
could be very little room for doubt.
I should think therefore, that at
the very most he should be merely
suspended without prejudice until
such time as the question of, his
contempt of the Congress has been
settled in the courtsrand that if
this charge is not pressed or Is
otherwise dismissed, he should be
reinstated as a member of the
university faculty. Any other de-
cision, I believe, will be taken,
throughout the academic world,
as an indication that the Univer-
sity of Michigan is no longer mas-
ter in its own house.
"Once more, may I say in what
high respect and affection I hold
this great university, and how pro-
foundly sorry I am that there is
occasion for me to write this let-
ter to you."
-Henry David Aiken
Professor of Philosophy
Harvard University
Visiting Professor of Philosophy
University of Michigan
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The. Daily is vi-
olating Its word limit for letters in
order that Prof. Aiken's( letter to
President Hatcher may be printed In
its entirety.)

it I

BE LEARNED:
r--Warning to Americas

It is to promote anarchy withint
and among the American re-
publics, to weaken and sabo-
tage their defenses, to demoral-
ize and discredit the inter-Am-
erican system, and thereby to
occupy the United States with
troubles nearer home in order
that Communist imperialism
might have a freer hand to move
forward in Asia and Europe,
which must be conquered first
before the Communist empire
builderis can carve slave states
out of the Americas.
This makes the defense of Asia
and Europe the common concern
of all American republics. But it
also puts them on notice to put
their own house in order and to
nip in the bud any Communist
attempt to get a foothold among
us. That attempt, as Guatemalal
and for that matter British Gui-
ana show, does not necessarily call
for open extension of the Com-
munist "world revolution" to this
hemisphere, for one reason be-
cause the Communists lack the
necessary popular support. Rather
it calls for a conspiratorial Com-
munist infiltration into key Gov-
ernment posts and the establish-
ment of an interlocking Commun-
ist network of political, labor
and other organizations, disguised
as a "united front" with non-Com-
munist elements and leading to
the formation of a "coalition Gov-
ernment" which is directed by a
few Communist experts trained
and commanded by Moscow.

stamp out communism must be
accompanied by positive measures
to eliminate the causes on which
communism thrives, which means
the elimination or at least abate-
ment of the poverty, disease and
ignorance against which the mass-
es are everywhere in revolt. In that
effort the free world must cooper-
ate in mutual self-help. But that
effort will fail if the Communists
are permitted to spread anarchy
and to sabotage production, and
the anti-Communist measures tak-
en by other American states, not-
ably Mexico, are welcome indi-
cations that this hemisphere, at
least, is beginning to recognize the
danger and to cope with it.
-N.Y. Times
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

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The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1954
VOL. LXIV, No. 36S
Notices
Regents' Meeting: Friday, September
17. Communications for consideration
at this meeting must be in the Presi-

years, with no protection to small Lois Pollak .......Circulation Manager
BobKovaks.......Advertising Manager
companies or the public. This was
whatc aused the chief deadlock , ,g .7') -A ,

At the same time, to end any
complacency which might re-

That same method, the docu-
ment points out, has been and is
being used by the Communists to

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