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August 10, 1954 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1954-08-10

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I WAS A COUNTERSPY,
I THINK
See Page?2

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Latest Deadline in the State

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SHOWERS

VOL. LA No. 36S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1954

FOUR PAGES

Postal Pay
Hike Passed
ByHouse
Hint Eisenhower
May Veto Bill
WASHINGTON(M - The House
Monday passed with a resounding
351-29 roll call vote an Adminis-
tration-opposed seven per cent pay
hike for half a million post office
workers.
It sets the minimum boost at
$240 a year.
Quick approval came after a
heavy lineup of Democrats and
Republicans overrode the GOP
leadership and forced the measure
out of a Rules Committee pigeon-
hole, where it had gathered dust
for months.
The bill was backed on passage
by 181 Democrats, 169 Republicans
one Independent. The vote against
it was 23 Republicans and six
Democrats.
Ike May Veto
Administration leaders predict-
ed the bill will never become law
in its present form. They hinted
that President Eisenhower would
veto it if it is not changed.
It now goes to the Senate, where
ISouse members predicted it
would be amended to cut the pay
boost to five per cent.
The AFL National Association
of Letter Carriers said the aver-
age sAational wage of regular let-
ter carriers is $4,050 a year with
an hourly average of $1.96.
Following is the way Michigan
representatives 'voted Monday as
the House passed and sent to the
Senate a bill giving postal workers
a seven per cent pay raise:
Republicans for-Bennett, Don-
.idero, Knox, Meader, Oakman,
Shafer.
Democrats for-Dingell, Lesin-
Republicans against-Cederbert,
Ford, Hoffman.,
Absent or not voting-Clardy,
Wolcott, Bentley, Thompson, Re-
publicans; O'Brien, Machrowicz,
Democrats.
Conste laion
Crashes; 30
Aboard Dead
TERCEIRA ISLAND, Azores (M)
-A Colombian Avianca Air Line
Constellation plunged into a moun-
tain peak and burst into flames on
this island' in the Atlantic early
Monday, killing all 30 persons
aboard.
Three were listed by the airline
as Americans. They were New
York residents.
The Constellation crashed about
100 feet from the summit of Mt.
Illha Terceira minutes after tak-
ing off for Bermuda from Lagens
Air Field, one of two big fields
built in the Azores in World War
II. Thick fog had prevented the
plane from making its regular
landing at the Azores' main inter-
national airport on Santa Maria
Island.
Insufficient Altitude
T'ie plane landed here for a rest
stop and took off again at 1:37
a.m. (2:37 p.m. CST Sunday) for
Bermuda. Apparently failing to
gain sufficient altitude, it plunged
into the mountain peak about 2 2
miles north of the field.
The plane carried 21 passengers
and a crew of 9.
Most of the passengers and crew
members were Latin Americans
and Spaniards. There were two in-

fants among the victims.
The plane left Hamburg Sunday
morning for Bogota, the Colom-
bian capital.
Rescue parties made their way
to the scene in the Caldeira da
Aqualva Mountains shortly after
the crash, but found only the
r charred bodies in the wreckage.
Terceira Island is in the central
group of the mountainous Azores.
Representatives of the airline
were reported en route from Lis-
bon to investigate the accident.
Union Trial
AdJ'ourned
DETROITJ-Recorder's Judge
Joseph A. Gillis Monday adjourned
until Aug. 16 trial of five AFL
Teamsters Union officials who
were indicted in an alleged shake-
down of contractors in the Detroit
area.
The indictments were handed

Public McCarthy
Hearings Slated
Court Proceedure To Be Followed
Cross Examination of Witnesses,
WASHINGTON (P)-Full-scale public hearings on the official
conduct of Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis.), starting Aug. 30, were ordered
Monday by a special Senate investigating committee.
The committee is considering 46 overlapping charges brought
against McCarthy by fellow senators as the basis for a possible
Senate vote condemning the Wisconsin senator's actions.
Some of these charges, ranging from alleged abuse of witnesses to
inciting government workers to break the law on secret informa-
tion, probably will be discarded before the hearings get under way. The

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Yugoslavia
Jloins Forces
With NATO
BLED, Yugoslavia (A-Commu-
nist Yugoslavia linked herself in-
directly to the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization Monday by
signing a 20-year military alliance
with Greece and Turkey for col-
lective action against akgression.
Marshal Tito's government,
which before' its ouster from Mos-
cow's cominform fold six years
ago was aiding a pro-Kremlin re-
bellion in Greece, bound itself in
the historic new pact to stand with
the Greeks and Turks against the
threat of aggression from Russia
or her Balkan partners.
Alliance Signed
Foreign ministers of the three
nations signed the alliance in this
resort town which is Tito's sum-
mer diplomatic capital. The agree-
ment was hailed abroad as a con-
tribution to defense of the free
world.,
Greece and Turkey are NATO
members. Yugoslavia is not. But
by signing the new pact, Tito's
regime of national communism
agrees to join Greece and Turkey
in determining what action should
be taken if any NATO member is
attacked.
This article ,of the pact does not
commit Yugoslavia to direct par-
ticipation with armed forces. It
says the three nations will "con-
sult on the question of measures
which should be undertaken in ac-
cord with the aims of the United
Nations to face the situation cre-
ated in the region" should any
NATO member be attacked.
Collective Defense
The three partners agree to col-
lective defense if any one of them
is attacked, and to peacetime col-
laboration to perfect their de-
fenses: Military observers said the
alliance terms probably will result
in more advantageous strategy
planning and open the way for
freer exchange of military infor-
mation among the three.
The armed forces of the three
countries together may total more
than a million men. Turkey has a
standing army of 450,000; Greece
has more than 125,000, and while
there are no official figures on
Tito's forces, he is believed to
have about 60000 men under
arms.
Rhee Says U.S.
Leaving Korea
HONOLULU IA-President Syng-
man Rhee said Monday he be-
lieved plans were being made in
Washington to withdraw U. S.
forces from Korea and added:
"We want the Americans to go'
home. We can do our own fighting
after we get the materials."
The South Korean President told
a news conference he was grati-
fied by the results of his trip to
Washington and felt that President
Eisenhower "is aware of the need
to increase the defenses of Korea."
Rhee arrived Sunday on his way
home from Washington.
SPORTS 2-30

through all of them at a closed
session Monday.
Like a Trial
Chairman Watkins (R-Utah) told
a news conference the hearings
will be conducted much like a
court trial.
McCarthy, or an attorney for
him, he said, will have the right
to cross-examine witnesses. Rules
of evidence used in federal courts
will be followed, Watkins said.
Most of these rules are stricter
than those of congressional com-
mittees.
Members of the coimittee, the
chairman said, will be able to ob-
ject to any evidence not relevant
to the issues before them.
"The testimony will have to be
relevant," he said. "It will have
to be given by competent witnes-
ses. Hearsay evidence will be
barred, unless it comes within the
exceptions of the rules. I antici-
pate little of it.
"We intend to conduct the hear-
ings as a judicial inquiry. The
charges are rather grave. It is a
serious matter and we want to
conduct the investigation in keep-
ing with the dignity of the Senate."
A prior decision against live tel-
evision, radio or newsreel cover
age still stands, he said, but news-
men and spectators will be allowed
at the hearings. That doesn't pre-
clude closed sessions now and then
in the interests of justice or se-
curity, the chairman added.
The reason for putting off hear-
ings until Aug. 30, Watkins said,
is to allow members time to fin-
ish legislative chores and rest up
from night sessions of the Senate
before tackling the McCarthy in-
quiry. No target date for complet-
ing the hearings was even men-
tioned, Watkins said.
McCarthy and various commit-
tee members have expressed a
hope the committee and the Sen-
ate, too, can act on the censure
issue before the November elec-
tion.
Drive To Kill
Wire Bill Fails
WASHINGTON (R - A Demo-
cratic drive to kill in committee
the administration's bill to legalize
the use of evidence obtained by
telephone wiretapping in the trials
of alleged subversives and kidnap-
pers failed Monday by a 7-7 tie
vote.
Sen. Langer (R-ND), the Judic-
iary Committee chairman, with-
held his vote with an explanation
that, "I'm so prejudiced against
wiretapping it would be unfair for
me to vote" on the issue. Commit-
tee sources said this left the other
seven Republican miembers voting
against the motion to table, and its
seven Democrats voting to table
it.
Langer told reporters he voted
"present" in the roll call "because
of my experiences as governor of
my state." Langer contends that
investigators for the Interior. De-
partment "wiretapped my office in
late 1933 and the early part of 1934
when I was governor."
Two Democratic senators who
had backed the motion to kill the
bill by tabling it, said they con-
sider the legalizing of wiretapping
to get evidence a dead issue for
this session of Congress.

-Daily-Marj Crozier

Mareantonjo
Dies In N.Y.
Yesterday
NEW YORK (A---Formers Rep.
Vito Marcantonio, 51, a noisy, col-
orful left wing congressman dur-
ing his 14 years on Capitol Hill,
dropped dead on the street Mon-
day.
He always denied he was a Com-
munist, although he said he was
not beyond taking their political
support.
His heart failed him as he plod-
ded through a drenching summer
-rainstorm toward his Lower Man-
hattan law office. He had been
diabetic for years.
Independent Bidder
Marcantonio, short, wiry and
dark-complexioned, gave up his
long time leadership of the leftist
American Labor party last year.
A month ago he launched a come-
back bid to run for Congress this
fall as an Independent.
A protege of the late Mayor
Fiorello LaGuardia, Marcantonio
began his congressional career in
1934 as a Republican. Over the
years he also had Democratic
backing on occasions, although
both parties finally shook him off
their backs.
In 1950, the two major parties
combined with the Liberal party
to defeat Marcantonio.
William Z. Foster, n a t i o n a l
chairman of the Communist par-
ty, issued a statement on Marcan-
tonio's death in which he said:
"In the passing of Marcantonio
the American people have lost one
of their best and most fearless
leaders.,"
Puerto Ricans
Political opponents often blamed
Marcantonio for the plight of many
Puerto Ricans who have come to
New York. He was pictured as
importing them in great numbers,
berthing them on relief and then
cornering their votes in his dis-
trict.

ST. LAWRENCE PROJECT:
Dirt To Fly Today on Power Darns

MASSENA, N. Y. (R-)-At the
touch of a button Tuesday, dirt
will begin to fly in a 600-million-
dollar project to put the St. Law-
rence River's might to the beck
and call of electric power con-
sumers in nine states and Can-
ada.
By 1959 New York state and the
province of Ontario expect to reap
the first sparks from huge gen-
erating plants that eventually will
turn out 12,600,000,000 kilowatts a
year-more than the Hoover Dam,
the world's largest man-made
waterfall.
Kelvinator
Pickets Turn
Away Movers
Protest Transfer
To Grand Rapids
DETROIT (f)-Pickets, variously
estimated at 500 to 1,000 Monday
turned back 200 AFL riggers and
teamsters preparing to remove
machinery from the Detroit Kel-
vinator plant of American Motors
Corp. to Grand Rapids.
Sixty policemen were sent to the
scene when a clash threatened be-
tween the AFL unionists and
picketing members of the inde-
pendent Mechanics Educational So-j
ciety of America. No incident de-
veloped, however.
MESA pickets are protesting
Kelvinator's announced intention
of transferring manufacture of ice'
creamnfreezers, beverage coolers
and home freezers to its Grandj
Rapids refrigerator plant. The
contemplated move would cut 600
off Kelvinator's Detroit work force.
Picket Lines
Picket lines were set up follow-
ing the transfer announcement
July 30. The Detroit plant current-
ly is closed for vacations and in-
ventory taking.
The company had no immediate
comment.
A conference between AFL un-
ions and MESA was called to at-
tempt to work out a solution-to
the problem.
Teamster Boss James Hoffa, said
he ordered the withdrawal of
teamster's at the plant Monday
"because we didn't want any
physical rumble with the fellows
out there.
"We don't have any quarrel
with the MESA. All we're doing is

Gov. Dewey is to set off a dy-
namite blast here that will mark
the official start of construction of
the hydroelectric project by the
State Power Authority and the
Ontario Hydroelectric Commission.
Later Prime Minister Louis St.
Laurent of Canada and Premier
Leslie M. Frost of Ontario will lead
a similar ceremony across the river
at Cornwall, Ont.
The explosion also will signal a
vital first step toward building a
St. Lawrence Seaway to carry
ocean-going ships to the indus-
trial ports of the Great Lakes.
become links in the water route-
The power dams and their pools
become links in the water route
-an entirely separate project-
when it is built jointly by the
federal governments of Canada
and the United States.
The power to be shared between
the two countries will give an
economic lift to the region with-
in a 300-mile radius of here, which
has been plagued by shortages for
more than a decade.
Electricity Costs
Local water power will reduce
the difference between the cost of
electricity here and in other parts
of the country. The power author-
ity estimates it will make possible
a 60-million-dollar annual cut in
electric bills in New York state
alone.
END OF A STEAMER :

The power development itself
will consist of a huge dam stretch-
ing from the American shore to
Barnhart Island, in American ter-
ritory opposite Massena, two pow-
erhouses between the island and
the Canadian shore, and a control
dam 27 miles upstream.
Nationalists
Sink Gunboats'
TAIPEH, Formosa (,) - Chinese
Nationalist warships sank eight
Communist gunboats in a brief
but furious battle in Formosa
Strait early Monday, the Defense
Ministry announced.
Central News Agency said four
other Communist ships were dam-
aged in the 75-minute engagement
in the early morning darkness. All
Nationalist ships returned undam-
aged, the ministry said.
The ministry reported the Na-
tionalists ships in undisclosed
strength were on patrol off Tung-
shan Island-160 miles west of For-
mosa-when they ran into the
Communist flotilla.
It was the largest naval engage-
ment yet fought in Formosa Strait.
Earlier naval battles this summer
have been fought off the Chekiang
coast, 250 miles or more north of
Formosa.

I1ke's Farm
Bill Passes
Major Test
Continue 75% Parity
On Dairy Products
WASHINGTON UP - Administra-
tion forces won all major tests in
the Senate Monday night on the
controversial farm bill.
The Senate voted 49-44 to install
the principle of the flexible price
support system President Eisen-
hower asked for farm products.
Another test came on 'the ques-
tion of how strongly the price of
dairy products must be supported.
The Senate first defeated 48-44
an effort to raise the price sup-
ports on dairy products, from 75
to 80 per cent of parity, as passed
by the House. Then it voted 49-43
to allow Secretary of Agriculture
Benson to continue to support
milk, butter, cheese and other dai-
ry products at 75 per cent of par-
ity.
Final Passage Today
But' final passage of the farm
bill was put over until Tuesday
The Senate vote on the flexible
price support system was on a
compromise plan to support the
basic crops-cotton, corn, wheat.
rice and peanuts-at a scale rang-
ing between 82% to 90 per cent of
parity.
Parity is a standard designed
to give the farmer a fair price in
relations to his costs. Present law
stipulates a flat 90 per cent sys-
tem of supports.
The Senate range is exactly that
adopted earlier by the House in a
vote Eisenhower called "a great
and sweeping victory."
The President originally asked
for a range of 75 to 90 ptr cent
but the chairman of the Senate
Agriculture Committee, Sen. Aiken
(R-Vt), changed this to 80 to 90
per cent.
Dairy Products
With the price support issue de-
cided, the Senate plunged into a
second major battle over the level
of price supports on dairy prod-
ucts.
Faced with multimillion dollar
surplus stocks of butter, cheese
and dried milk, Benson lowered
dairy supports April 1 from 90 to
75 per cent of parity.
The House voted to restore part
of this cut, by raising dairy sup-
ports to 80 per cent of parity
Sept. 1.
Senators from dairy state. had
won approval of the Senate Agri-
culture Committee for'a boost of
85 per cent on the same date but
abandoned this in an effort to write
in the House-approved level.
They were beaten on this 48-44,
then the Senate backed an amend-
ment of Sen. Aiken to hold exist-
ing levels plus authority to sup-
port milk and butter fats as well
as their products.
Aiken asked that this lower lev-
el be retained, saying it has re-
duced retail prices of butter and
cheese, increased consumption,
and encouraged farmers to cull
their dairy herds of non-productive
cows.
With the flexible price supports
and the dairy issue out of the
way, Majority Leader Knowland
(R-Calif) announced that no ad-
ditional major votes would be ta-
ken Monday night. He said the
Senate would resume at Tuesday
morning.
Before getting to the vote ap-
proving the 822 to 90 range, the
Senate brushed aside 81-12 a pro-

posal by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis))
for government price supports of
90 to 100 per cent of parity.
Adoption of McCarthy's amend-
ment would have reversed the ad-
ministration's program.
The 90 per cent system has been
in effect since World War II and
under it the government has
amassed huge stores of foodstuffs
that farmers couldn't sell at the
support price.

Historical Life in Ann
Arbor Found in MHC

ISHAFERHINTS AT I

Proposed .J
WASHINGTON ('P)-Rep. Shaf-
er (R-Mich) Monday hinted the
Air Force might have trouble get-
ting congressional approval for
land purchases if it puts a jet
plane base within earshot of the
National Music Camp at Inter-
lochen, Mich.
Shafer a member nf the T-Tnas

nounci
Homes
withou
tee's o
Shaf
ices S
the se
ty site

FROUBLE:
Base a nter ochen Hit
ng selection of a site at Other proposed sites near Cadil-
tead, Benzie County, Mich., lac and Kalkaska-both in the
t first getting the commit- same General Traverse City area
okay. -are just as well adapted to the
:er headed an Armed Serv- proposed Air Defense command
ubcommittee which, after base as the one in Benzie County,
lection of the Benzie Coun- the subcommittee concluded.
was announced, flew overo

By MERLE MAYERSTEIN
The Michigan Historical Col-
lectiona recently published a sup-
plement bulletin which describes
the final adventures of a temper-
amental Toledo Steamer.
The bulletin is a supplement to
The Staebler Papers, the largest
body of business papers received
during 1952-53 by the Collection.,
Staebler and Sons were an Ann
Arbor company which dealt in
coal, bicycles, farm machinery,
and automobiles between 1872 and
1915. In fact, they were the first
automobile dealers in the city.
Joys and Harships
Beginning with the purchase of
the Toledo Steamer in 1908, Wirt
M. Covert, author of the supple-
ment, describes the joys and hard-

fire. The car was totally destroy-
ed."
'Those good old days' also come
alive in James Shearer II's "Rec-
ollections of Les Cheneaux Club"
and the reminisces of Mrs. Arthur
G. Walsh. They recount some in-
teresting summer vacations dur-
ing 1890 and 1900, "when living
was less complicated by gadgets
than it is now."
Information on the University
in past years is also contained in
the 1952-53 collection. From the
Board in Control of Student Pub-
lications, came twenty-six volumes
of the Michigan Daily, eight vol-
umes of the Wolverine, six vol-
umes of Gargoyle, and two vol-
umes of Chimes.
Ruthven Addresses

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