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August 04, 1954 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1954-08-04

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(

THE SPREAD
OF COMMUNISM
See Page 2

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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXIV, No. 32S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1954

PARTLY CLOUDY
FOUR PAGES

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Klager Appears
'In' as Sheriff
Mrs. Hardy Sweeps into Registrar
Of Deeds Post; Sallade Far Ahead
Mrs. Patricia Hardy and Irwin Kager appeared to have safe
leads in their bids for offices of county Register of Deeds and Sheriff
when The Daily went to press at 2 a.m. this morning.
The six-man battle for the Republican nomination for sheriff
see-sawed back and forth between Kager and George Fitzgerald as
early returns came in, but by 2 a.m. with 44 out of 56 precincts re-
porting KMager had built up a lead of over 550 votes.
Four other aspirants for the office of sheriff were Jack J. Koenke,
Herman Oltersdorf, Harold E. Swoverland and Robert W. Winnick.
Mrs. Hardy took an early lead in the hotly contested race for

Atom Power
IAgreement
Reached
WASHINGTON (A-Rep. W. Ster-
ling Cole (R-NY) announced Tues-
day that Senate and House con
ferees have agreed to a compro-
mise solution of a bitter contro-
versy over how far the govern-
ment may go in development of
commercial atomic power.
The compromise was acceptec
by "general agreement" but no
unanimously, Cole said, as part of
adjustments of differing Senat
and House versions of a broad new
atomic energy program. The re.
vised bill to open atomic energy
to private industry and to wider
the international exchange of in-
formation goes back to both houses
for final action.
AEC Authorization
Under the compromise, Cole told
newsmen, the Atomic Energy Com-
mission would be authorized tc
build large-scale atomic p o w e i
plants for experimental purposes
only and would be barred from
getting directly into commercial
Spower. But it could sell the elec-
tricity from its experimental plants
with preference "insofar as prac-
ticable" to cooperatives and pub-
licly-owned utilities.
The measure also would specify
that other government agencies
could apply for licenses to build
nuclear power plants.
This would replace a Senate-ap-
proved amendment, by Sen. Ed-
win C. Johnson (D-Colo), author-
izing the AEC and federal power
agencies to enter the commercial
power field, if they can get funds
from Congress.
Cole said these were other de-
eisions:
1. The revised bill retains the
substance of a Senate amendment
specifically approving a disputed
White House plan for the AEC to
contract for new private power fa-
cilities for the Memphis, Tenn.,
area.
2. The conference eliminated
Iunanimously a House amendment
giving the President authority to
suspend the exchange of nuclear
data with allies, if necessary, and
providing that Congress could re-
quire this suspension by a concur-
rent resolution.
Superiority
mof Women
Discussed
After a study of 40 non-Euro-
pean societies, a professor of an-
thropology says that they all are
remarkably similar in granting
women equal or superior positions
because of their sex.
Prof. George P. Murdock, of
Yale University, reached this con-
clusion yesterday afternoon in a
lecture entitled "The Second Kin-
sey Report in World Perspective"
as the last week in the series "Wo-
men in the World of Man" got un-
der way.
He cited examples of certain
societies in the south seas where
women regard their sexuality as

register of deeds to walk away
with the nomination.
Opposing Mrs. Hardy were Mae
E. Heath, Roland H. Slittler and
Alfred A. Sullivan.
George Sallade, president of the
Ann Arbor city council, wrapped
up the nomination for State Rep-
resentative on the Republican
ticket by grabbing an early lead
and staying safely in front of
Salem Township Supervisor Wil-
liam L Scheel.
Christman Secure
Former State Representative
Lewis G. Christman was assured
of his nomination for the State
Senate early in the evening and
maintained a 2-1 margin over
John Campbell.
Gubernatorial candidate Pat
Cleary carried his home town by
a wide margin. Ypsilanti's totals
showed Cleary in first place with
BULLETIN
DETROIT (M)-Secretary of
State Owen J. Cleary early to-
day conceded the Republican
nomination for Governor to
Donald S. Leonard.
Cleary made the following
statement:
"I extend my heartiest con-
gratulationsto Don Leonard as
the nominee of the Republican
party for governor. I wish him
all of the best in the campaign
ahead. I was a Republican yes-
terday, I am a Republican to-
day, and I shall bend every ef-
fort for complete victory for
our party in November."

Central Air
'Command
Established
Air Force Given
Chief Authority
WASHINGTON (Ri - The scat-
tered air defenses of the United
States will be placed under one
central authority in September
with the establishment of the Con-
tinental Air Defense Command,
the Pentagon announced Tuesday.
The decision was reached by the
administration after a long study
and argument within and without
the military services. For the first
time it gives the Air Force pri-
mary authority as well as respons-
ibility for directing the activity of
some 2,000 jet fighters, the Army's
growing system of "nike" antiair-
craft missiles and all of the ships
and aircraft operating far at sea
that will be tiedsinto a central
warning and defense system.
Chidlaw To Command
Gen. Benjamin W. Chidlaw will
be commander-in-chief of the con-
tinental d e f e n s e headquarters
while retaining his responsibility
for the Air Defense Command of
the Air Force. Working directly
under' and with him will be Lt.
Gen. John Lewis, chief of the
Army's anti-aircraft command,
many of whose 100 plus battalions
are earmarked for last ditch de-
fense of the nation's big cities and
strategic centers.
The Navy will also be repre-
sented in the continental com-
mand by an admiral still to be
selected. This flag officer, who
will be directly responsible to
Chidlaw, will have immediate su-
pervision of the Navy's air and
surface craft assigned to the job
of spotting any enemy trying to
sneak across the oceans.
Secretary of Defense Wilson said
in announcing the big new com-
mand that the advent of new
weapons and increased forces
made central direction advisable.
Wilson said also that additional
wings of interceptor planes will
soon be available for defense of
the homeland and that new ad-
vances in electronic detection and
missiles should be taken advan-
tage of rapidly by the unified com-
mand.
Gen. Chidlaw's air defense com-
mand already consists of about
25 wings equipped with some 2,000
jet fighter interceptors. Faster jet
planes are already in production
and willrbe joining this force not
many months hence.
The new command will also be
able to co'unt on the Air National
Guard's 21 squadrons. They now
number some 1,500 aircraft, some
of which are old style piston en-
gine fighters. But the guard is
steadily being converted to an all-
jet force.
U.S. Reserve
Status Called
Scandalous'
WASHINGTON (R-Secretary of
Defense Wilson said Tuesday that
if America had to go to war now
the military r e s e r v e situation
"would be a scandal."
Therefore, he said at a Penta-
gon news conference, the adminis-
tration has worked up a reserve
program based on compulsory
service and "in a broad sense its
principles have been approved."

Wilson's statement was the third
in a go-around which began 'last
week. His retiring assistant secre-
tary for manpower, John A. Han-
nah, told then of a new military
manpower plan aimed at military
duty for "all qualified young men,"
followed by compulsory service in
a new reserve set-up.
Hannah said, "the whole thing is
geared to the day of active war
with the Soviet Union" and °had
been approved by the National Se-
curity Council.
Monday, White House Press
Secretary James C. Hagerty said

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Alleged
Agents
Arrested
BERLIN (U)--The East Ger-
man Communist regime an-
nounced Tuesday night wide-
spread arrests of alleged Amer-
ican and West German agents
operating in the Soviet zone.
The arrests were announced
just two weeks after the for-
mer chief of West Germany's
Internal Security Service, Dr.
Otto John, crossed to Com-
munist East Berlrin.
Since John's defection, Al-
lied and West German officials
have feared such wholesale ar-
rests of East Germans who
regularly send out vital infor-
mation from the Russian zone.
The 44-year-old John. who
was for almost four years head
of West Germany's security of-
fice, knew the identities of
hundreds of such persons.
East German Interior Min-
ister Willi Stoph, who an-
nounced the arrests, did not
give the total.

,

Urban Tallies
Weight Returns
Rural Areas Slower in Reportiiig;
McNamara, Hart Hold Large Leads
DETROIT ()-Returns from more than a quarter of the State's
precincts tonight showed Donald S. Leonard, former State and De-
troit police commissioner, leading with State Treasurer D. Hale
Brake pounding on his heels in the race for the Republican nomina-
tion for governor.
Unofficial tallying of votes in today's primary election was com-
pleted in 1,962 of the State's 4,783 precincts.
Leonard had 83,534 votes to Brake's 70,015. This was weighted
somewhat in Leonard's favor because of earlier reports from machine
precincts in Detroit and other urban areas where his strength lies.
Brake's rural support was slowerI----
in reporting.
Sec. of State Owen J. Cleary was Guaemalans
running in third place and drop-
ping behind slightly. He had 51,-
236 votes. it Army
Former Lt. Gov. Eugene C. ystalda 848
Keyes trailed at Eugne,48it8rm
Winner of this contest will face i oll
Gov. Williams, who was unopposedD isson
for the Democratic nomination, in

-Daily-Duane Pools
WHILE AN ANXIOUS, SMILING GROUP TABULATES
COUNTY ELECTION RETURNS... .

McCarthy.
CiHunt Starts'
WASHINGTON IPR - Senate
leaders started a hunt Tuesday
for menibers of a new committee
to investigate Sen. McCarthy (R-
Wis).
Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) said no-
body is lobbying for the assign-
ment. But Democratic Leader Lyn-
don Johnson (Tex) said he doesn't'
"subscribe to the idea that the
Senate is a bunch of cowards"
and that he expects no difficulty
in lining up three Democrats to
serve.{
His opposite number in the Re-
publicanranks, Sen. Knowland
(Calif) stood by predictions the
committee would be picked within

STUDENTS'

-Daily--Duane PC
MAJOR PROBLEMS REVOLVE AROUND
NEXT WEEK'S EXAMS

Senate Passes Reduced
Foreign Aid Measure

341 j
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the general election Nov. 3rd. GUATEMALA (?Fl-Armed units
Patrick V. McNamara, former of the presidential honor guard
Detroit councilman, was having no and the' air force launched an at-
trouble beating off an attempt to tack Tuesday night on Aurora mil-
ease him out of the Democratic itary base, about four miles from
nomination for U.S. Senator by downtown Guatemala.
nominating the late former Sen. A crowd of about 4,000 demon-
Blair Moody- strated in front of the National
Moody,- who died two weeks ago, Palace and in Central Park pro-
was receiving a surprisingly heavy testing against dissolution of the
vote, however, polling 28,428 "me- liberation army.
morial" votes in 1,840 precincts. Most. of the demonstrators were
McNamara, president of an AFL women dressed in black or wear-
Pipefitters local, was well in front ing black armbands signifying
with 54,889. mourning for members of the lib-
Sen. Homer Ferguson (R-Mich), eration army killed during Mon-
an incumbent, has no opposition day's revolt.
for the GOP nomination for the Minute of Silence
post.
Prestige Boost Charles Cifuentes Diaz, subsec-
sPrestigeBootheretary of public health, addressed
Wliam' prewsigeting the Do- the demonstrators from the pal-
cratic pc'ty was getting a strong ace, urging them to withdraw.
boost in the race for the party's He suggested they limit their
nomination as lieutenant governor, demonstrationetoha minutetof
His personal. choice, Philip A. silence and that they proceed to
Hart, former legal aide and U.S. the general cemetery where the
district attorney at Detroit, led killed liberation soldiers were be-
George S. .Fitzgerald, Detroit la- ing buried. But the crowd re-
bor attorney, in every report. mained and appeared to increase
In 4,783 precincts, Hart had in size.
75,}89 votes to Fitzgerald's 29,594. Regular army units, reportedly
On the Republican side, Lt. Gov. hostile to the government of Lt.
Clarence A. Reid is unopposed for Col. Carlos Castillo Armas, are
the nomination to succeed him- based at Aurora.
self. Capt. Lionel Sisniega Oteroa,
Leonard was holding a four to spokesman for the ruling junta,
one lead over his opponent in announced the attack had been
Wayne County, which largely ac- launched. No official reason was
counted for his early lead. In his given for the attack.
populous home county, he gathered iArmed units blocked off the
a 3811. vote in 142 precincts of roads to the base. Planes which
1,954.I had been heard flying over the
His nearest Wayne rival was city earlier were not in the air
Cleary with 1,022. at the time announcement of the
Oakland Stren th attack was made.

1,409 votes, Leonard in second
place way behind with 271, Brake
with 26 and Keyes with 63.
d IndAnn Arbor, however, Cleary
edged Leonard by only one vote.
Totals here were Cleary. 2,013;
Leonard, 2,012; Brake, 1,083; and
Keyes, 420.
Totals from 24 of Washtenaw
County's 56 precincts showed
Cleary ahead of Leonard by about
1,500 votes.
Democratic Race
Almost two-thirds of the votes
cast for the Democratic nomina-
tion for Senator were for the late
Blair Moody. Incumbent Senator
Homer Ferguson and Clarence
Reid polled the most support from
county voters. Neither was op-
posed, but they were given a
strong vote of confidence when
Ferguson received 5,500 and
Reid more than 5,400.
Phillip Hart, Governor' Wil-
liam's stamped-approval candi-
date for Lt. Governor carried the
county by a 4-1 margin over
George Fitzgerald.
A total of 5,548 votes were cast
in Ann Arbor yusterday. This
compares with 8,600 votes cast in
the 1952 Presidential primary.
Constellation
Wrecked; All
Reported Safe
PRESTON, Conn. (A - Thirty-
seven passengers and crewmen,
among them two babies, cheated
death Tuesday in a terrifying
crash of a big transatlantic Con-

3
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48 hours. IWASHINGTON iR-The Senate_
Like a Trial cut almost half a billion dollars in the Senate Foreign RelationsI
Ferguson, who is chairman of from its Foreign Aid Bill Tuesday Committee.I
the GOP Policy Committee, told and passed it as a $2,690,000,000 Originally. President Eisenhower
newsmen the committee hearings measure. as Vote,4rakow'
in his opinion should be "in the The vote on passage was 67 to VotingfVote Breakdown e
ntr fata."19. Voigfor the measure were 37
nature of a trial."j19
"said, The cut-down bill goes back to Democrats, 29 Republicans and in-
"This has a semblance," he thsoueawihhadppoe dependent Wayne Morse of Ore-
"of being a criminal case as well H us6,000h000e gon. Opposed were 15 Republicans
as a, civil case." $3380000
As a fo e.jua he ,Before the House bill came to and four Democrats.
Ser dgehesaid the Senate floor, it had been cut Senator Potter tR-Mich.) voted
thought the trial could be com-thSeaeforitadbncu for the amendment to cut a half-
pleted in two five-day working _billion dollars from the program,
weeks. Many senators consider but Senator Ferguson (R-Mich. )
that estimate far too optimistic. voted against it.
Sidestepping a direct, immedi- f jTO Senator Long (D-La.) proposed
ate showdown on the issue of con- the half-billion cut on the Senatel
demning McCarthy's conduct, the l-floor. It was approved by a 45-41
Senate voted 75-12 Monday night to THE LINGUISTIC INSTITUTE vote that found 26 Democrats
turn over charges against the Wis- f LUNCHEON will feature - a talk joined by 19 Republicans. On the
consmi senator to a special com- by Prof. of Latin Waldo E. Sweet losing side were 25 Republicans,
mittee of tee Republicans and on the subject, "Does Latin Gram- 15 Democrats and one independent.
three Democrats. . mar Fit Latin?" at 12:10 p.m. Long lost, 48-38, in an attempt
Forty-six specific accusations, in the League. - to make a cut of a billion dollars.
some of them overlapping, are on Even the smaller cut was a
file against McCarthy. They range READINGS BY PROF. CLARI- severe blow to the'Administration.
from abuse of witnesses, to dis- BEL BAIRD of the speech depart- Republican floor leaders had urged
honoring the nation and improperly ment and the citation of gradu- rejection of both amendments.
accepting $10,000 from a housing ates will highlight the speech as- More Action Needed

I

vamanu atCSe g"I
Leonard was also s h o w i n g
strength in Oakland County, the
only one he carried in the primary
two years ago when he lost to
former Secretary of State Fred
M. Alger, Jr. He was taking some
Western Michigan counties and
scatterings elsewhere.r
Brake, as expected, was showingc
strength in rural southern and cen-
tral counties. He was running be-
hind either Cleary or Leonard in
very sketchy early returns from

Stason
Selected
Dean E. Blythe Stason of the
law school has been selected by
the State Supreme Court for
another term as commissioner-
at-large, the State Bar an-
nounced yesterday.

corporation for a booklet on hous- i sembly at 3 p.m. in the Rackhanm The approved amendment would the northern lower peninsula and
ing, ; Amphitheater. achieve a reduction by imposing a the upper peninsula. Fall Orientation
Thirty-three of the charges were * * * ceiling of $2,559,000,000 on new This was probably a result of his
raised by Sen. Flanders (R-Vt), "INFLUENCE OF KINSEY DA- military and economic aid in the early opposition to the Mackinac leCgi~A Slte
author of the original resolution TA ON SEX EDUCATION", dis- 12 months that started July 1. The Straits bridge.
to censure McCarthy on grounds cussed by gynecologist Sophia net effect would be a cut of some- The Democratic lieutenant gov- There will be a meeting at 7:30
his conduct has tended to bring Kleegman of New York City, will what less than $500,000,000 al- ernor race was turning into a p.m. tomorrow of all students in-
the Senate into disrepute. Sen. begin at 4:15 p.m. in Aud. A. though Long used this figure in walkaway for Hart. Williams had terested in taking part in plan-
Morse (Ind-Ore) tossed in seven * * * explaining his proposal. violated an ancient t r a d i t i o n ning the orientation program for
more and Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark) THE CONCLUDING PANEL in. The bill merely authorizes the against interfering in a primary foreign students this fall.
listed six., the Woman in the World of Man , aid program. The Senate must by coming out strongly in favor Held in Rm. 3K of the Union,
Knowland predicted the Senate lecture series will talk about "The later approve legislation providing of Hart. This was in retalliation the meeting will discuss ways of
can wind up its legislative chores Second Kinsey Report" at 7:45 the actual money, and there may for Fitzgerald's aiding of the Re- finding housing for foreign stu-
by Aug. 14. p.m. in Aud. A. be further economy efforts then. publicans in the 1952 campaign. dents, arranging tours of the cam-
-__® _ .___ ______.-- ----________ - --- __ ___ --- ----~-~ Williams had forced the ouster
of Fitzgerald, attorney theAFL pus and meeting students at
INTERNATIONAL CATHOLIC CONGRESS: Teamsters union, as Democratic ns. The program is sponsored
Natnalncommitteemcrnt1950.by the International Committee
National committeeman in 1950.I of Student Legislature. Members
In a formal statement, Williams of the International Center and
E p iscop a l isho "S est7*s R e w1 said the election returns at the International Students Association
Episopa BihopSug estd theeatatre also planning the program.
had beaten George S. Fitzgerald of Anyone interested in further in-
CHICAGO )- An Episcopal Detroit, the AFL teamsters' union !omto a alDnaNte
bishop said Tuesday that a merger the Roman Catholic Church but that period. Seekers for union, he attorney and former Democratic n f ation may call Donna Netzer,
Cdo not recognize the authority of said, cannot compromise with the atona d om emi NO 8-6922,
of hrstaniy' mny ecs anNational committeeman whom _______ .
be achieved only "by reunion with the Pope. early dogma, including the doc- Williams read out of the party.
th ahlcCuc.teBd f Compromise Impossible trine of succession of bishops- WiCassi:orrespondence
Christ." Bishop Burrill said to some tn o h rWilliams said: s Correspondence
Chrst. Biho Buril sad o sme ,-that which ordains the Roman "Phil Hart's decisive victory in ~

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