See Page 2
Latest Dleadlinre in the State
VOL. LXIV, No. 30S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, JULY 31, 1954
Candidates, Issues Involved In
County and State-wide Elections
S ..(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is an interpretive article previewing the election
picture for the primary to be held here August 3. The views are entirely
those of the author.)
By BAERT BRAND
As the August 3 primary nears, traditionally Republican Wash-
tenaw County is providing a battleground for two hot races - that
for sheriff and register of deeds, while on the state level three Re-
publicans wage battle for the gubernatorial nomination and two Dem-
ocrats slug it out for their party's Lieut. Governor nomination.
The other candidates, with one or two exceptions, are attracting
only scant interest either because of the assurance of a winner al-
ready or because of the lack of color on the part of the individuals.
But if Washtenaw County is true to form, Republican votes will
greatly exceed Democratic ballots, as they have in the past. Only
i in Ann Arbor's Second Ward do the Democratic voters offer any ap-
preciable threat to their opponents-and then it is not enough to
cause alarm in the Republican camp.
In /he 1950 primary, the Washtenaw County Republicans tal-
lied 10,933 votes to the Democrats 3,741 ballots.
Following closely the interest-creating Chicago conventions, the
1952 primary gave the Republicans 20,204 tallies against 4,871 for
Six Republicans are vying for the job of sheriff. They are Thom-
as A. Fitzgerald, Erwin L. Klager, Junior Koernke, Herman Olters-
dorf, Harold E. Swoverland and Robert W. Winnick.
Deniocrats seeking the office are Robert B. Kidd and Lawrence
Oltersdorf-son of the Republican candidate for sheriff.
The race is hot between Fitzgerald and Glager, according to
Both men are campaigning hard. Signs have popped up through-'
out the county for both candidates and Klager has rented space on,
Main St. to serve as his campaign headquarters.
Fitzgerald is now register of deeds and was a member of the sher-
iff's department from 1941 to 1946. He is county director of Civil
Defense and chairman of the county disaster committee of the Amer-
ican Red Cross.
Klager is a veteran of 20 years with the Sheriff's Department
and held thesjob of captain of the uniformed division until his resig-
nation in 1949 to go into business.
Four hopefuls are in the race for the vacated job of register of
deeds. They are: Patricia Newkirk Hardy, Mae E. Heath, Roland H.
Slittler and Alfr'ed A. Sullivan.
From pre-election talk, Mrs. Hardy and Alfred Sullivan seem
to have the best chance although Roland Slittler could come up as
surprise contender with a lot of weight behind him.
Other county offices do not. offer any apparent challenge to the
Prosecuting Attorney Edmund F. DeVine is unopposed by a
Democrat as is Herbert S. Hicks, Republican candidate for surveyor.
Beyond this point the political focus in Washtenaw County can
be shifted to the state level.
Incumbent G. Mennen Williams is without opposition on the
Democratic primary for governor. But on the other side of the politi-
cal arena four Republicans are in the heat of battle.
Of the four, Donald S. Leonard, Owen J. Cleary, Eugene C. Keyes
and D. Hale Brake-Cleary stands the best chance of carrying the
His home is in Ypsilanti and his roots go deep into the history
of Washtenaw County where he has many friends. He probably will
carry over half of the Republican votes cast here.
Leonard Strong Candidate
Leonard has a great deal of county support for an outsider and
he stands an excellent chance to carry at least one third of the Re-
publican votes. Leonard has visited Washtenaw County three times
since announcing his candidacy and he is backed by a very active com-
mittee in Washtenaw County which has figuratively worked its head
off for his election in the primary.
Brake has mustered very little county support but he has more
support than Keyes.
Clarence A. Reid runs unopposed as the Republican candidate
for lieutenant governor.
The fight is hot and heavy between George S. Fitzgerald and
Philip A. Hart who are slugging away for the Democratic nomination
for lieutenant governor. The fight between these two contenders goes
beneath the personalities involved to represent two segments of
state Democratic thinking,
Hart has been vigorously supported by Williams. Fitzgerald has
been ostracized from the party by Williams. So what will make the
results of this campaign interesting is that much of the strength Fitz-
gerald garners on August 3 is from Democrats who are not staunch
supporters of the governor.
In other words, a split has occurred in state Democratic think-
ing and those who cast their ballots for Fitzgerald are not strictly ad-
hering to their party's leadership-or the Williams-CIO faction.
John Campbell and Lewis G. Christman are seeking the Repub-
lican nomination for the 33rd District to run for state senator against
Denocratic Lewis C. Reinmann, the only member of party desirous
of the post.
Christman is now serving his fifth term as state representative
of Washtenaw County's Firsrt District, a post which he leaves va-
cant, and has attracted Democrat John Weber Carr and Republicans
Gceorge Wahr Sallade and William I. Scheel to vie for in the primary.
Sallade is the best bet to win over Scheel. His name has taken
strong hold in the county and he campaigns on a record which in-
cludes two years on the Ann Arbor City Council and the current
term as President of the City Council.
Scheel, who is not well known around the county, especially Ann
Arbor, represents Salem township on the County Board of Supervi-
Democrat J. Henry Owens seems to offer little challenge at all to
entrenched incumbent George Meader who is running for re-election
as Representative in Congress from the Second District which in-
Beat the Heat
Flanders Censure Aim Meets
Obstacle: McCarthy Colleagues
WASHINGTON fP-The Powerj
Commisseion Friday allowed Mich-
igan-Wisconsin Pipe Line Co., De-
troit, an annual wholesale natural
gas rate increase of $2,829,200 in-
stead of the $7,643,000 the company
had sought and has been collecting
The commission directed the
company to refund $8,300,000 it
has collected subject to refund in.
excess of the rates allowed.
Serves 40 Cities
Michigan-Wisconsin supplies gas,
On Senator Given
HOT WEATHER ADVICE--Oldsters should take a cue from the
appropriately dressed youngster above who lets no rules of mod-
esty bother him in the 91 degree Ann Arbor heat.
Killed by Senate
WASHINGTON Aim-The Senate rejected 81-7 Friday a proposal
by Sen. Malone (R-Nev.) to kill the foreign aid program and invest
its accumulated billions in American military aircraft.
Malone offered his plan as an amendment to the $3,100,000,000
foreign air authorization bill.
He estimated the Foreign Operations Administration had $9,979.-
000,000 in unspent funds from previous appropriations. With the $3,-
100,000,000 in new money President Eisenhower is asking for the cur-
' rent fiscal year, Malone said, $13,.-
,079,000,000 would be available for
N ationw ide building an invincible Air Force
The Nevadan estimated the
o plan would give the nation an ad-
Strik ItSditional 2,000 heavy jet bombers
and 3,000 jet interceptor planes,
He argued for it in a speech
" which lasted several hours but on
1llQw R Uthe vote got the support of only
six other Republicans - Sens-
Bricker (Ohio), Jenner (Ind), Lan-
Nearly all fl1 i g h t s scheduled ger and Young (ND), - McCarthy
through the Willow Run airport (Wis) and Welker (Idaho).
today have been cancelled in ex- Officials said that while FQA has
pectation of a strike threatened large unspent funds, most of them
are already obligated and military
by 1,200 pilots, according to the items are under construction.
Detroit Free Press. The Senate accepted another Ma-
The nationwide walkout by Air lone amendment, however, when it
Lines Pilots Association began at refused to approve the use of for-
eign toapoeteueofr aid funds to stimulate pro-
midnight yesterday. An airlines duction of strategic materials
spokesman said last night nearly abroad.
50 flights per day would be af- Overriding the administration, it
fected at Willow Run. voted 49-40 on a roll call to re-
move the program from the aid
Pilots Oppose Schedules bill.
to D e tr o it and to Milwaukee
through the Michigan Consolidated
Gas Co. and the Milwaukee Gas
Light Co. It also serves 40 cities
in Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa and
The commission said that in
cost of service it refused to allow
use of a controversial escalator
clause contained in gas purchase'
contracts between Phillips Petrol-
eum and Michigan-Wisconsin.
It said its action disallowed in
part two separate wholesale na-
tural gas rate increases proposed;
by Michigan Wisconsin and col-
lected in part under bond since,
Oct. 1, 1951.
The first increase, of aboutl
$3,772,000, was put into effect onJ
Oct. 1, 1951. The second, aboutI
$3,871,000, was put into effect Dec.
In the first case Michigan-Wis-!
consin sought to charge 311 / cents
a thousand cubic feet for sales for
The commission reduced this to
t 31.19 cents a thousand for sales
from Oct. 1, 1951 through Dec. 11,
1951. In effect, this made the ap-
proved rate effective as of Oct. 1,
In the second case the commis-
dresses a join
ment, as thes
A IC f'
WASHINGTON (IA-In an atrno-
sphere of high tension Sen. Plan-
ders (R-Vt) fought Friday night
to induce the Senate to condemn
the conducts of Sen. McCarthy (R-
Wis) - but ran into objections
from several colleagues.
Flanders presented his censure
resolution-first of its kind in 25
years- declaring McCarthy's tac-
tics tend to "bring the Senate in-
Sen. Knowland (Calif), the GOP
leader, quickly protested that this
was no way to handle the issue;
that hat is properly a judicial
decision will be made at white
heat in a political body."
Sen. Morse (Ind - Ore) shouted
to the Senate that "I think this
man (McCarthy) ought to be tried
so to speak" by the Senate at this
session of Congress, but that Flan-
ders' resolution was no fitting
paper on which to act.
It lacked the necessary "solemn
bill of particulars," he said, en-
dorsing a view expressed a few
minues earlier by Sen. Cordon .(R-
S ATTACK TO END COMMUNIST PROBLEM--
dent §yngman Rhee adjusts his glasses as he ad-
nt session of Congerss, urging an attack on Chi-
ists by Asian troops supplied with American equip-
solution of world Communist problems. Vice-Presi-
Nixon and Speaker Joseph Martin are behind him.
sion allowed a charge of 30.85
cents a thousand cubic feet. The
company has been charging 35
cents a thousand on sales made
since Dec. 11. 1952. The approved
rate was made effective Dec. 12,
The striking pilots oppose the
a i r 1 i n e 's coast-to-coast non-
stop schedules which require eight
hours and 35 minutes flying time
for west-bound planes.
A regulation against more than'
eight hours' continuous flight time
made last June to permit the non-
stop schedules, was waived by the
Civil Aeronautics Board.
The Free Press said the pilots'
union is "seeking to gain what
failed to gain in hearings before
responsible agencies of the gov-
ernment." This was an observa-
tion by an airlines official.
C. R. Smith, president of the
airline said the firm will sue the
union for any losses caused by the,
Malone cpantended any such in-
vestment in other parts of the
world "promotes our own destruc-
tion." He said critical materials
developed in this fashion would not1
be available to the United States
in case of war.l
Twenty-eight Republicans, 20
Democrats and Sen. Morse of Ore-+
gon, an independent, voted for the
Malone amendment. Eighteen Re-7
publicans and 22 Democrats op-7
ROTTERDAM, Netherlands PA'-
Dirkzwagers Shipping Agency Sat-
urday reported an American air-
liner is believed to have ditched I
in the North Sea with 71 persons 7
Fifteen two-part inventions, 151
three-part sinfonias and the con-
certo in Italian style, all by Jo-
hann Sebastian Bach, will be fea-
tured Monday in a harpsichord
concert at the University.
. Alice Ehlers will present the
public concert at 8:30 p.m. in the
Rackham Lecture, Hall under the
auspices of the School of Music.
The event has been arranged in
conjunction with the University
series "Woman in the World of
Lecturer in the School of Music
for the current summer session,
Miss Ehlers has been associated
with the University of Southern
California for several years. She
currently holds the position of
Professor Emeritus from t h e
The two and three-part inven-
tions were written by Bach for his.
students to improve their technic
and musical intelligence. They are
all of moderate length, each one
developing a definite melodic idea.
Miss Ehlers will conclude her
concert with the "Concerto in Ital-
ian Style for a Harpsichord with
'AEC Pr uY tr(ahcion o Dirksen Speaks
. Sen. Dirksen (R-Ill), long time
friend of McCarthy, arose to de-
clare that the move against the
,'A ~ om s Pus ed Wiconsi enator was "in the
nature of a conspiratorial effort
WASHINGTON-The Nation's atomic arsenal is "growing rapidly" to liquidatesand destroy him."
and production of A-bombs and H-bombs is being pushed vigorously ited upon the Senate a "confusing
to keep the United States ahead of Russia, the Atomic Energy Co-i spectacle.' Flanders, he said, had
mission reported yesterday. produced three "wholly different"
The Commission also said that United States stockpiles of fis- resolutions on the subject of Mc-
sionable materials are being built up as fast as possible througlA Carthy in the recent past.
domestic production and overseas purchases. "In so doing," Dirksen said, "he
It reported plans to complete a new atomic furnace by June has done the damage and you
30, 1959, which would convert thorium into fissionable material. don't wash out the damage that
Ahead of Russia has been done." He did not elab-
According to the United Press, the AEC indicated that this coun- Dirksen said he would criticize
try still is ahead of Russia in production of both atom and hydrogen McCarthy when he thought criti-
bombs and other atomic weapons. It said: cism was called for and would
"In view of the important progress made in fission and ther- praise him when that was merited.
monuclear weapon development programs, a national policy deci- Sen. Flanders' resolution reads:
sion was made to take every ad- -- -e-- -Resoltion:
vantage of such progress to assure t e the senator from Wisconsin, Joseph
that the United States maintains R. McCarthy is becoming a mem.-
its superiority." ber of the United States Senate,
It said President Eisenhower is contrary to senatorial traditions
specifically directed the commis- A li Boosted and tends to bring the senate
sion to produce atomic weapons into disrepute, and such conduct
during 1954 consistent with the; is hereby condemned."
decision WASHINGTON U/P-- The Sen- In presenting it Flanders made
ate voted 86-2 Friday to boost aid a speech chargingt hat McCarthy;
Report States: funds for Latin American nations "however informally," is on the
Other highlights in the report: by 10 million dollars after hear- same grounds as "Fifth Amend-
1-All persons exposed to ra- ing Communist outbreaks similar ment Communists" for having re-
diation from the huge March H- to the recent one in Guatamala fused to answer questions a Sen-
bomb test at Bikini Atoll in the are threatening. ate subcommittee raised a year
Pacific have recovered or are im- and a half ago about his inte-
proving satisfactorily. Sen. Smathers (D-Fla.) offeredgand a fnago auis
the amendment which marked the grity and financial affairs.
2-The AEC is willing to make first increase in the $3,100,000,000 Flanders also accused the Wis-
one of its test explosions a public bill recommended by the Foreign consin senator of "habitual con-
shot for Civil Defense purposes. Relations Committee. tempt for people" and responsi-
although no new tests are planned The Senate also defeated 81-7 bility for compromising the honor
urrentgy.Tetestwushowpnned Tefn as-deetof the Senate and the nation.
currently. Tm ctest ould sho w ef- a move by Sen. Malone (R-Nev.) Flanders called parts of his
het am bto substitute for the aid bill a pro- speech a bill of particulars, and
and shelters.-E posal that all past unspent and said he stood ready to supply
3-The atomic engine for the new foreign aid money be used more details of his charges, but
submarine Natilus is nearly com- to construct military aircraft for Sen. Cordon declared the resolu-
pleted and a full-scale land model the U.S. armed forces. tion was too generalized.
of the nuclear engine for the sub- '"The Senate is being asked, Cor-
marine Sea Wolf also is almost Film don said, to adopt a resolution
completed. F1mthat is not supported on its face
4-The AEC is striving through Gothic Film Society will fea- by a single allegation of fact, a
five-yeaingleespecificationamas to time or
a five-year experimental program ture the "Passion of Joan of } place or as to specific miscon-
to bring nuclear power costs down Arc" at 8 p.m. Monday in Rack- 1duct." He said the issue ought to
to where they can compete with ham Amphitheater. Ib undoe-t h eaeJd
coal, oil and water power. be turned over to the Senate Jud-
___________iciary committee for, consideration.
McCarthy listened to the big
1. debate, scribbling notes.
o13or B t S & e * I GOP Leader Knowland said he
H - is against the resolution, that it
* "may lead to precedents that will
4 nA " Ta I~n- dn7Q 3ia "plague this body" for ears.But
r_ z r4 Arl
UJ' tet./ s titattont
U IIfJJudAl-ITI 4ttsou
he declared he would not attempt
to choke off debate with a motion
k i 11 Flanders' proposal by
ToHold Meet Degree Candidates
John Carr, Democratic candi-
date for State Representative, will
talk before an unusual local pol-
itical group today, speaking before
a newly-formed club of high-school
age Young Democrats of Ann Arb-
President of the high school
Young Democrats is John Wood-
The annual breakfast staged
each summer by the University
Summer Session to honor candi-
dates for the Master's degree will,
be held Sunday at 9 a.m. in the
Michigan Union Ballroom.
Presiding will be Harold Dorr,
director of the Summer Session.
President Harlan Hatcher will bel
the speaker and Ralph A. Sawyer,
Progress in the electronic con-,
puter field during the past year
will be reviewed during the next Author Streit
two weeks when authorities from t
across the nation gather for aTo Talk H er
special summer program at the '
About 80 persons are expected A well known n e w s cor-
at the sessions here and at Willow respondent who has written two
Rin Rsearch Center h me of th| well known books on political af-