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July 30, 1954 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1954-07-30

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1

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

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+ MUSIC +
Summer Session Band, William D. Revelli, in his performances here deserves commendation,
Conductor, Sousa, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; for he seemed as much at home with last night's
Hagdn, Orlando Palandrino; Rossini, Largo semi-popular composition as he has previously
Al Factotum; Leidzen, Second Swedish Rhap- shown himself to be with the classics.
sody; Jenkins, Pieces of Eight; Davis, Scotch Scotch Folk Song, San Francisco El Grande, and
Folk Song Suite; Whitney, Introduction and much of the Second Swedish Rhapsody suffered
Samba; Appalachian Melody, The Wayfaring from a fate peculiar to band music. Because the
Stranger; Lecuona, San Francisco El Granda; composition of the ensemble does not allow the
Osser, Beguine for Band; Hermann, Kiddie Bal- depth of expression which an orchestra is capable
let; Goldman, Michigan. of producing, there is a tendency for conductors to
confuse slowness and softness with expressiveness.
THEE IS SOMETHING very refreshing on a hot What results, of course, is nothing short of pure
summer night about sitting out on the grass monotony.
behind Mason Hall. If there is one setting into
which concert bands fit perfectly, this is it. I was relieved when San Francisco E1 Grande
Like all performances directed by Revelli, last ended and Beguine for Band began just as I
night's offering displayed a high degree of techni- was relieved when the band finally reached the
cal excellence, although it understandably (in view sprightly portions of the Second Rhapsody. The
of the short time in which it was prepared) lack- Second Swedish Rhapsody was, on the whole, one
ed some of the polish which characterizes the of the better numbers done last night and I was
University Band. only sorry that the tempo was not increased
The high spots of the band's performance came slightly throughout its performance.
in its rendition of marches. This is the music really With the almost perfect audience comprised
written for bands. When they stray too far away, largely of young mothers and very young children,
there is a tendency for dullness to creep in. the Kiddie Ballet went over well and is a delightful
The program got off to a rousing start with a piece of program music, complete with "crying
Sousa march, played with the spirit and verve babies" and police whistles. I particularly en-
which much of the program lacked. This was joyed the "very modern mother, singing a very
followed by Haydn's Orlando Palandrino. Un- modern lullaby to a very modern baby'', entitled
fortunately, the band seemed unable to make the "Lullaby to a Naughty Girl". The band fell into the
rapid transition from robustness to the delicacy spirit of the music better here than hitherto during
required by this number although the beauty of the concert and captured both the freshness of
the arrangement was almost enough to compen- "Strolling the Baby Stroller" and the solemnity of
sate. -the opening strains of "Baby's Baptism"-capping
it all with a strenuous rendition of "Cops and Rob-
In the Largo al Factotum rendition, however, the bers".
other side of the coin was turned. This number The evening ended much as it began, except that
Is delicate and lilting yet nevertheless demands a the lights had been turned on in Mason Hall and the
comic spirit. The summer session band did not march was by Goldman instead of Sousa. Michigan
perform it with the gusto required. is a nice march and should become a classic during
The high spot of the program came when Sigurd football seasons.
Rascher, visiting lecturer and the best saxophonist It was quite a lot of fun listening to the con-
I've ever heard, joined the band to play "Introduc- cert. But, I'd still rather take my blanket over to
tion and Samba" and "The Wayfaring Stranger", the banks of the Huron and listen to a symphony on
This is the saxophone played as it should be played. my portable any day.
The amazing versatility Mr. Rascher has displayed -Diane AuWerter
At the Michigan ...i

"Why, No. I Didn't Say 'Tick-Took Tick Tock.'
Did You?"
IA) W
TOPESTROY
FO 'P
* **K* ~t6~~yAT '

ON THE
WASHINGTON
MERRY-GO-ROUND
WITH DREW PEARSONV

DEMETRIUS AND THE GLADIATORS
with Victor Mature
WHEN I FIRST walked out of the air-conditioned
confines of the State Theater and into the
warmish Ann Arbor evening, I must admit that I
felt tolerably well disposed toward "Demetrius and
the Gladiators."
I had, after all, just witnessed some 90 minutes
of bloody gladiatorial games, some spirited Roman
armor-clanking, an Emperor even more egomanical
than usual, and some adroit toga florishing on the
part of the cast. All fairly enjoyable, I thought.
But it suddenly occurred to me that the movie
was intended to convey a message concerning
Christianity and had thus exempted itself from the
easy judgement due most technicolor blood-lettings.
Let me say at the start that any religious illum-
The Middle East
Two important steps which should strengthen
the bulwarks of the free world in the Middle East
and open up a new era for that region are now
well on the way toward successful conclusion. One
is the agreement in principle hammered out in
Cairo between Britain and Egypt for the evacua-
tion of British troops from the Suez Canal Zone.
This eliminates an explosive friction point in that
area, and still safeguards a mighty military base
for free world defense. The other is the impend-
ing settlement of the Anglo-Iranian oil dispute,
lwhch averts the danger of an internal collapse in
Iran and keeps that country firmly within the Wes-
tern orbit.
This is welcome and cheerful news in a troubled
world which has witnessed new Communist mili-
tary and political triumphs in Southeast Asia and
still witnesses Communist arrogance and savagery
off the China coast. It is all the more welcome be-
cause the settlements have been obtained not by
military force but in free negotiations between equal
partners, and because they eliminate further ves-
tiges of Western colonialism without leading to fur-
ther Communist subjugation.
What is more, these settlements represent another
success for American diplomacy, which played an
important mediative role in both cases, and another
defeat for the Soviets, which sought by threats and
blackmail to prevent them. They also represent ano-
ther demonstration of Britain's capacity to adjust
herself to the realities of a changing world, and by
renouncing obsolete forms and impossible conditions
to retain the respect and friendship of other peo-
ples. This is both a promise of similar British ad-
justments regarding remaining points of friction
and a bright example which other nations would do
well to follow.
The British agreement with Egypt, reached after
years of negotiations punctuated by armed clashes,
murders, assassinations and kidnappings, undoub-
tedly marks another "retreat" of the thin red line
of Empire. There is perhaps even some historic
irony in the fact that this retreat has been nego-
tiated by Prime Minister Churchill, whose stand
against any "liquidation" of the Empire is well
known, and by a military junta in Egypt, which ac-
complished what the xenophobic political parties
could not achieve. But if "retreat" it be, it mere-
ly recognizes that the role of the British Empire
as guardian of the peace has been replaced by a
collective effort embracing as many free nations
as are willing to take part, and that instead of
weakening free world defenses this opens the way to
greater strength.
For among the reasons for ending the British grip

ination found in this picture is due solely to the
effect of kleig lights on devoutly upturned eyes. The
"message" has all the illuminating power of a cast
iron light bulb.
Now whatever may be your personal conviction
about Christianity, even if you regard the New
Testament simply as myth, it must be admitted that
it is a myth of extraordinary power and grandeur
and is the equal of any other myth our culture has
produced.
Look, for example at this brief exerpt from John,
chapter 8. The scribes and Pharisees bring a woman
before Christ!
"They say unto him, Master, this woman was
taken in adultery, in the very act.
"Now Moses in the law commanded us that such
should be stoned: but what sayest thou?
"This they say, tempting "him, that they might
have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and
with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he
heard them not.
"So when they continued asking him, he lifted up
himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin
among you, let him first cast a stone at her.
"And again he stooped down,- and wrote on the
ground."
There is power in that language. The words
issue, one by one, from a silence louder than thun-
der.
Now let's look at an extract from the movie. A
girl, the inevitable innocent maiden, holds Christ's
robe up to herself and remarks in tones of sur-
prised delight: "I didn't realize that Jesus was
so tall! Was he as tall as you, Demetrius?"
"Just about," replies Victor Mature, with a smug
smile.
In spite of the fact that we are assured Christ
measures up to Victor Mature's imposing height,
the figure of Christ emerging from the movie has
not one hundredth the stature of the Biblical Christ.
It is temptingly easy to ascribe this difference to
the fact that the movie is an obvious pot-boiler in-
tended to cash in on the success of its predecessor.
But Demetrius and the Gladiators is scarcely less
shallow than The Robe, Quo Vadis, or any one of
a dozen similar efforts.
Nor can it be claimed that the story of the movie
is unsuitable for honestly serious treatment. It is
the story -of Demetrius, a Christian who falls from
grace, becomes an eminently successful gladiator,
and finally returns to the path of salvation.
And this is a theme with an honored place in the
Christian tradition, echoing as it does the fall of
man and his salvation through Christ. St. Au-
gustine, in his Confessions tells a remarkably simi-
lar story. He writes of his friend, Alypius, who de-
serts God to become an ardent aficiando of the
bloody Roman games, but who eventually wins
salvation with increased glory.
But Alypius' fall is an echo of the Christian
view of man's tragedy. Demetrius' fall is simply a
device to allow him to kill a lot of opponents for the
sake of spectacle. (We probably should not judge
the Romans too harshly for their games, by the
way. They probably would have rigged them so it
just looked like people are killed if they had had the
technological advantages enjoyed by our civiliza-
tion.)
The difference, I think, is due to the fact that
this movie, and the others like it, are aimed at an
audience nurtured on a very bogus concept of the
Christian ideal - the devotees of The Power of
Positive Thinking and all the other religious how-to-
do-it works of our day.
And this linking of Christianity with Every-Day-
In-Every-Way-I-Am-Getting - Better - and - Better
cannot be defended on the grounds that it is an
adaption of an ideal to meet the needs of a differ-

WASHINGTON-Sen. L y n d o n
Johnson, overwhelmingly renomi-
nated in Texas last week, has put
himself in the paradoxical position
of quietly going round among his
Senate colleagues getting promises
that they will vote for him as Sen-
ate leader next year.
On the surface this would seem
strange indeed. But to insiders
who watched the strained relations
between the handsome Senate
Democratic leader and the Demo-
cratic senators he is supposed to
lead, it was not strange at all.
Here is the inside story of what
happened.
After Senator Sparkman of Ala-
bama, vice-presidential nominee in
1952 and one of the recognized na-
tional leaders of the Democratic
Party, indirectly complained on
the Senate floor about Johnson's
minus - quantity leadership last
week, Lyndon was livid. First he
went over to Sparkman's desk and
remonstrated. Sparkman, however,
didn't budge an inch.
He had stated publicly that
Knowland had failed to consult
with the Democrats who were real-
ly leading the senate and he
meant it. Johnson had been sitting
on the sidelines and refusing to co-
operate in the debate on a bill
which will govern American fac-
tories and power plants in future
generations.
Failing to budge Sparkman,
Johnson then tried to get the Sen-
ate floor to defend his leadership.
But Senator Humphrey of Minne-
sota refused to yield.
"I am not going to yield for an
attack on those who have been
carrying on this fight," he told
Johnson.
It was at this point that Johnson
began making his deal with Sena-
tor Knowland of California to end
the debate.
Delegation Waits
Late next day, when Democrats
heard what Lyndon was up to, it
was decided to send a delegation
to see him. So five Democrats ap-
proached Johnson on the Senate
floor-Hill of Alabama, Anderson
of New Mexico, a former member
of the Cabinet; Stennis of Missis-
sippi, Gore of Tennessee and Jack-
son of Washington.
Johnson suggested t h a t they
come up to his office. They did so.
He was courteous but cool. Hill
then started to argue against John-
son's proposed statement against
his fellow Democrats which they
said merely played into Know-
land's hands.
"You would be surprised," re-
marked Johnson, "at some of your
southern colleagues who plan to
vote for cloture."
The five senatorstwere certain
this was not so, that no southern
senators would vote to cut off de-
bate. (In the end only one-Hol-]
land of Florida-did.) But before
they could argue much, Mrs. Lyn-
don Johnson brought a note in to
her husband. He read it and said
he would have to go back to the
Senateufloor at once. Johnson did
not explain what the note said, but
his colleagues suspected it came
from GOP Leader Knowland.
For Johnson immediately deliv-
ered a speech, aimed at breaking
the record atom filibuster which
Knowland had battled so hard to
defeat.
Plaudits For Lyndon
Shortly after that a peculiar
thing happened. As Johnson took
his seat in the front row, Senator
Goldwater of Arizona, great friend
of Senator McCarthy, got up and
read a speech praising Johnson

But the significant thing was that
not a single Democrat walked over
to Johnson to congratulate him.
Finally, Smathers of Florida
rose and reminded the Republicans
that this was a Democratic vic-
tory, not a Republican one, and
pointed to a Democratic trend.
Embarrassed at the 1 a c k of
Democratic congratulations, John-
son walked over to the last seat
near the door which senators have
to pass as they exit. There he
made it a point of shaking hands
with Democratic senators as they
departed.
That's why the versatile Lyndon
is already corralling votes for fear
he won't be Democratic leader
when the Senate comes back in
January.
Vote on McCarthy
Many readers have asked this
newsman for predictions on how
individual senators will vote on
Senator McCarthy when the Flan-
ders resolution of censure comes
up this week. In brief, it can be
reported that McCarthy will get
the hard core of about 19 consistent
supporters, most of them Republi-
cans. There will also be about 30
D e m o c r a t s definitely voting
against him.
The balance of the Senate large-
ly hangs in the balance and will
be partly swayed by the position
of Senator McClellan of Arkansas,
hitherto a McCarthy man, but who
tangled with McCarthy during the
Army h e a r i n g s. If McClellan
makes a strong statement against
his former friend, a great many
conservative Democrats will follow
him.
Meanwhile, here is the line-up of
Democrats who are either plan-
ning to vote for McCarthy or are
leaning t o w a r d him: Maybank,
S.C.; Byrd and Robertson, Va., de-
spite McCarthy's unfair speech
about their friend, Gen. George
Marshall; Lennon, N.C.; Eastland,
Miss.; Johnson and Daniel of Tex-
as Kennedy, Mass.; Frear, Del.
Middle - of - the - road Republi-
cans leaning toward McCarthy in-
clude: Saltonstall, Mass. Fergu-
son, M i c h.; Bush and Purtell,
Conn.; Cordon, Ore.; Kuchel, Cal-
if.; Martin, Pa.; Dworshak, Idaho;
Carlson, Kans.; Bennett, Utah;
Hickenlooper, Iowa.
NOTE-Senator Knowland is go-
ing to do his best to prevent any
vote at all on the Flanders resolu-
tion. He has been buttonholing sen-
ators urging them to block all de-
bate and vote only on a motion-to
table the Flanders resolution-de-
spite the fact that he previously
gave his word to Flanders that he
would permit the resolution to be
voted on.
Copywright 1954, by the Bell Syndicate
Hope Dwindles
Once more the long-overdue ad-
mission of Hawaii as a state of the
Union has come a cropper. Appar-
ently the last lingering hope of
action at this session of Congress
died in Washington on Monday,
when the House Rules Committee
tabled a request to let separate
Senate and House statehood bills
go to conference to resolve differ-
ences between them.
The record is a sorry one, made
up of broken pledges, political
maneuvering and half-hearted
action. Both Republicans and
Democrats pledged themselves in
their 1952 platforms to "immed-
iate" statehood for Hawaii. In
March of last year a bill to achieve
this purpose was approved by the
House of Representatives by a
vote of approximately two to one.

Interpreting
The News
By J. M. ROBERTS JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
AMERICAN COMMENT on the
congressional address of Syng-
man Rhee, the venerable Korean
patriot, has let him off pretty
lightly for suggesting that this
country should back him a n d
Chiang Kai-shek in a preventive
war in the Far East.
He is a guest and widely re-
spected for a life devoted to Ko-
rean independence. Also, it is quite
probable that he struck a respon-
sive chord in many a heart when
he accused the Soviet Union of
talking peace merely for the time
being, until it considers itself pre-
pared to launch an atomic war
against the United States.
Recapture of Red China was the
only way to change the balance
of power into an effective deter-
rent.
Not a few Americans, although
unwilling to publicly advocate war,
privately agree with him on one
point. They believe the whole situ-
ation points to eventual war, just
as all such situations have in the
past, and that sooner or later the
very nature of atomic war will re-
quire the Western world to strike
first in self-defense.
There is much less acceptance
even in this limited circle, how-
ever, of the Rhee thesis that
China is the proper place to strike
first.
For one thing, there is still the
hope that time may produce chang-
es in East-West relations. And
many experienced observers of
things Chinese still cherish the be-
lief that there are natural forces
which will eventually disrupt the
Moscow-Peiping axis.
And nearly all of those who can
bring themselves to contemplate a
preventive war would direct it
against Russia rather than any of
her appendages.
But what Rhee failed to realize,
or chose to ignore in making his
appeal, is that an overwhelming
majority of American and other
Western peoples don't want any
war of any kind, and that there
is something fundamental in the
makeup of states which can prac-
tice democracy which prevents
them from voluntarily adopting
war as an extension of diplomacy.
They must be forced into it.
ONE OF the good things about
vacatoin is that it gives an
opportunity to see what lies on
the other side of the hill. It is a
common failing of man to wish to
know what is there. Unfortunately,
through too much of the year the
explorer must keep his nose to the
ledger or lathe, and so he never
finds out. With the hours between
9 and 5 wrecked and ruined by
dismal commerce, he cannot call
his soul his own, let alone follow
a human inclination. But in vaca-
tion all this is changed. Those
daylight hours are grim no longer,
but provide, in fact, the perfect
time for looking beyond the hill.
What are all those automobiles do-
ing on a week-end afternoon but
taking mankind in search of what
lies yonder? What of all those
week-end photographs which will
be sent to the developer's on Mon-
day? They will be filed away as
proof their subjects did for a time
get away from every-day scenes.
And remember that the week-end
is just a small period of time, only
the small model for the long, the
magnificent vacation.
-The N.Y. Times

A.W
41,
fffir4lgatj
FCt L

RHEE'S TALK:
More Food for the Red d
Propaganda Grist bills

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-
tive notice to all members of the
University. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to Room 3510
Administration Building before 3 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1954
VOL. LXIV, No. 27S
Notices
Veterans enrolled for six-week ses-
sion only, who are eligible for educa-
tion and training allowance under Pub-
lic Law 550 (Korea G.I. Bill), whether
they have received certificate for Edu-
cation and Training, (VA Form 7-1993)
or not, may sign MONTHLY CERTIFI-
CATION OF TRAINING, VA Form 7-
1996a, in the Office of Veterans' Affairs,
555 Administration Building, on July
30, between,8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. and
on July 31, between 9:30 a.m. and
12:00 m.
D134, Spoken Language Training for
Teachers of Foreign Languages. Regis-
tration will be on Monday, 8:30 to 10:00
in. Room 1415 Mason Hall (Language
Laboratory), at which time schedules
will be distributed.
The following student sponsored so-
cial activities are approved for the con-
ing weekend:
July 30
Alice Lloyd
Phi Delta Phi
July 31
Michigan Christian Fellowship
Phi Delta Phi
Phi Delta Phi
POLITICAL SCIENCE FACULTY:
PLEASECANNOUNCE TO
YOUR CLASSES:
Mr. Clarence K. Streit, author of Un-
ion Now and Freedom Against Itself,
Editor of the magazine Freedom and
Union, and a long-time advocate of
federations among democratic peoples,
will speak on Monday, August 2, at
4:10 p.m. in Auditorium A on the sub-
ject: Why Moscow Fears Atlantic Union.
This lecture, given under the spon-
sorship of the Department of Political
Science, is open to the public without
charge.
PERSONNEL INTERVIEWS
The Canada Life Assurance Co. will
have a representative at the Bureau of
Appointments on Tuesday, August 3,
to interview August men graduates in
Bus.Ad. or LS&A for positions in life
insurance sales. Students interested in
scheduling appointments may contact
the Bureau at 3528 Administration Bldg.,
Ext. 371.
PERSONNEL REQUESTS
A local firm in the pharmaceutical
field has an opening for a young man
with some sales experience to call
upon the medical and drug profession.
United International Corp., New York
City, is interested in hiring young
men graduates for the firm's training
program for merchandising executives
in the Export Department. The desire
for a career outside the United States
is a necessary requisite.
For additional information concern-
ing these and other employment oppor-
tunities, contact the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration Bldg.,
Ext. 371.
Lectures
FRIDAY, JULY 30
National Band Conductors Confer-
ence. Program sessions. 9:00 a.m. and
1:15 p.m., Auditorium A, Angell Hal.
Physics Colloquim. Monday, August
2, 4:00 p.m. Room 2038 Randall Labora-
tory. Professor W. B. Cheston (Uni-
versity of Minnesota) "Deuteron Induc-
ed Reactions."
Academic Notices
Doctoral Preliminary Examinations for

Seminar in Lie Algebras: Will meet
every Friday afternoon at 3 p.m. In,
Room 3001 Angell Hal.
Seminar in, Mathematical Statistics
Friday, July 30, at 2 p.m., in 3201 Angel
Hall. Mr. Jack Meagher will conclude
his discussion of Welche's approximate
test of the difference of two means. Mrs.'
Chou will begin her discussion of Beh-
ren's-Fisher test.
Doctoral Examination for Robert New-
man Mooney, Classical Studies; thesis:
"Character Portrayal and Distortion in
Ammianus Marcellinus", Saturday, July
31, 2009 Angel Hall, at 9:30 a.m. Chair-
man, R. A. Pack.
Doctoral Examination for Melvin
Jerome Ravitz, Sociology; thesis: "Fa-
tors Associated with the Selection of
Nursing or Teaching as a Career", Mon-
day. August 2, 613 Haven Hall, at 1t00
p.m. Chairman, R. C. Angell.
Concerts
Student Recital: Robert Mark, bari-
tone, will present a recital at 8:30
Sunday evening, August 1, in Auditor-
ium A, Angell Hal, In partial fulfill- 4'
ment of the requirements for the de-
gree of Master of Music. Mr. Mark's
major is Music Education and he is,
giving the recital in lieu of thesis.
He is a pupil of Philip Duey. The pro-
gram will include compositions by
Carissimi, Monteverdi, Cesti, Mazsa-
ferrata, Schubert, Vaughn Williams, and
Storace, and will be open to the public.
Harpsichord Recital by Alice Ehlers,
Rackham Lecture Hall, 8:30 Monday
evening. August 2, feature of the.
"Woman in the World of Man" series;
open to the general public without
charge. The program will include
Bach's Fifteen Two-Part Inventions,
Fifteen Three-Part Sinfonias, and Con-
certo in Italian Style for a Harpsichord
with Two Keyboards.tMie. Ehlers, Pro-.
fessor-Emeritus of the University of
Southern California, is a Lecturer in
Musicology in the School of Music
for the Summer Session.
Exhibitions
Cleents Library. Women and Woman
in Early America.
General Library. Women as Authors.
Kelsey Museum of Archaeology. Zgyp.
tian Antiquities-a loan exhibit from
the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New
York City.
Michigan Historical Collections. The
University in 1904.
Museum of Art. Three Women Paint-
ers.
Exhibition of Recent Publcations and
of work in progress in linguistic geo-
graphy and dialectology. 2-5 p.m., July
28 - August 6, 1954. Sat. 10-12. 3015
Rackham Building.
Events Today
Lane Hall Punch Hour 430-5:45 p.m.
Students cordially invited.
Departmental Play, auspices of the
Department of Speech. The Critic, by
Richard B. Sheridan. 8:00 p.m., Lydia'
Mendelssohn Theater.
Sabbath Services atHilel Foundation
at 8 p.m. All students are welcome.
Coming Events
Margaret' Dorman's Free Art Class
will meet Saturday at 10:00 a.m. at Lane
Hall to visit the Toledo Art Museum.'
We shall be back at 3:00 p.m. Arrange-
ments have been made for lectures for
both children and adults. Lunch will
be eaten at the Museum. Bring your
own lunch. People not enrolled In the
class are welcome to join the group for
this trip.
Master's Breakfast, honoring candi-
dates for the master's degree. 9:00 a.m.,
Mfihio-ayn Union B~11allroom

IN AN UNFORTUNATE speech
which will alarm the free
world and provide fresh grist for
Communist propaganda mills Pres-
ident Rhee of Korea has urged the
American Congress to launch what
amounts to a preventive war
against Communist China and, if
necessary, an atomic war against
Soviet Russia. Such a war, he
holds, could be fought to a success-
ful conclusion by a combination of
South Korean and Formosan Ar-
mies and the American Navy and
Air Force, apparently without the
aid of any other European or Asian
allies and without the moral sanc-
tion of the United Nations. As he
sees it, the failure of the Geneva
conference on Korea provides the
justification for such a war, and
he warns that timeis running out.
Granting all this, the fact
remains that in this speech
President Rhee went beyond
his customary demand for a
march to the Yalu and in ef-
fect advocated an atomic world
war. Moreover, he delivered this
speech before the Congress of
the United States, which is tied
to South Korea by a mutual
security pact. It is inevitable,
therefore, that it will not only
arouse new blasts from Moscow
against "warmongers" but raise
new questions and uncertain-
ties regarding American policies
among our allies and give new
impetus to the "neutralism"
which tends to undermine free
world resistance to the Com-
munist tide.
This makes it necessary to point
out that President Rhee spoke not
in conformity with, but in bold op-

position to, officially d e c 1 a r e d
American policy. This policy has
always turned down any idea of a'
preventative war or any kind of
war, except in self-defense or ir.
collective action against aggres-
sion. Our own Government stands,
in the words of all Amnerican lead-
ers from President Eisenhower
down, for peace and "peaceful co-
existence," though without ap-A
peasement or sacrifice of princi-
ple.
In his concentration on the Ko-
rean problem President Rhee ig-
nored not only those questions of
American policy and principle but
also some decisive practical con-
siderations. His main argument for'
a world war at this time is that
in view of the demonstrated Com,
munist treachery and ruthlessness
it is useless to negotiate, and that
unless we act now the Soviets may.
soon have enough atomic and hy-
drogen bombs to threaten, or, as
he put it, to "vanquish" the United
States.
These arguments are valid as
warnings that we must remain vig-
ilant and strong. But they defeat
themselves as arguments for as-
world war because such a war
would not only find condemnation
everywhere but would break up all
our existing alliances, frustrate all
our efforts to erect collective secur-
ity systems in Europe and in Asia,
and deprive us of our present
bases abroad. This would leave the .
United States isolated and alone
to face a Communist atomic on-
slaught in a war that could only:
leave the world in ruins.-
-N.Y. Times

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