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VOL. LXIV, No. 28S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1954
Panel Discusses 'Woman in World'
Slated for Senate
WASHINGTON (M - President
Eisenhower's big tax revision pro-
gram, slicing revenues about $1,-
363,000,000 in the fiscal year which
began July 1, rolled through final
House passage Wednesday 315 to
Only Senate approval-scheduled
Thursday-is needed now to send
to the White House the biggest tax
overhaul in history.
The House defeated 227 - 169 a
last - ditch Democratic move to'
strip from the program a disputed
tax cut on dividends. A similar
fight over the dividend issue is
expected in the Senate.
On final passage, 201 Repub-
licans and 114 Democrats voted
for the bill. Three Republicans, 731
Democrats and one Independent
voted against it.
PANEL DISCUSSION-Dr. Dorothy Whipple, Prof. E. Lowell Kelly, Mrs. Margaret Tracy, and Ewan
Clague discuss the topic, "Women's Work Outside the Home."
Clagues Favor Some Wives Working
Ewan Clague, commissioner of
r labor statistics for the U n i t e d
States Department of Labor, and
f his wife, Dorothy Whipple M.D.
told an Angell Hall audience last
night that they approved of wives
and mothers working- -with some
Earlier in the day, Clague said
that, although a smaller proportion
of American women aged 20 to 34
work now than did in the 20's and
30's, there has been a large num-
ber of women over 35 who have
been working since the end of
By RUSS AUWERTER
Lee Salk, University Fresh Air
Camp psychologist, yesterday re-
futed a report that he was removed
> from his $5,500-a-year state job
for political reasons.
Auditor General John B. Mar-
tin, Jr., had allegedlly stated that
Salk was removed because "From
all the evidence available to us,
Salk apparently has been an ac-
tive member of the (Communist)
party at one time."
However, Salk told The Daily
last night that his contractual
agreement with the Department
of Mental Health expired after he
completed his part in collecting
data and helping design the study
he was working on.
Francis Crowley, N e w Y o r k
rdraftsman, testified last June 29th
before the House Un-American
Activities Committee in Washing-
ton that Salk was a member of
the Ralph Neafus Communist Club
on the University campus:
Chales F. Wagg, Director of the
state department which employed
the psychologist in a project called
"A follow-up Study of Child Guid-
ance Clinic Cases" sent Salk a
E letter dated July 20, 1954 notifying
him that his work was completed
to their satisfaction and that he
had "made a worthwhile contribu-
tion to this most important pro-
Wagg also said in the letter that
the expiration of Salk's duties was
' somewhat accelerated by a change
of policy which allowed contractual
agreements (of the type held by
Salk) to be entered into only with
a "university or college," but not
Wagg added that the department
was cutting down on expenses in
the project Salk was working on
and said that the expiration of his
duties "in no way relates to you
as an individual or the quality of
work you have been doing."
LANSING (IA - Sen. Elmer R.
Porter (R-Blissfield? Wednesday
made a detailed 10-noint denial of
World War II, and predicted the
continuation of that pattern.
His wife, who appeared with him
in the public panel discussion last
night in an elaboration of the same
topic, said, "Not all women who
are able to bear children are tem-
peramentally suited to rear them."
While she feels that ideally it
is desirable for a mother to stay
at home with her young children,
she said that she can find no corre-
lation whatever between emotional'
problems in children and whether
or not the mother works.
In her work as a pediatrician,
Dr. Whipple often cousels young
mother who want to work. Such a
woman, she says, should seriously
consider three factors:
1. Whether her health can stand
it-"She must have the constitu-
tion of an ox."
2. Whether or not the mother
can earn enough to supplant her
labors at home, although it may
be psychologically desirable to
work if that will give a woman a
better feeling about life, even at
monetary coast to her family.
3. Whether her husband will be
sympathetic to her earning income,.
and not have his ego hurt by it.3
The Role of Money
Dr. Whipple continued that in;
the old days women never raised
a brood of childreh by themselves.
But, today they have to do it alone.
Modern mothers can't go far from,
their homes because they have no
one with whom to leave their chil-
dren and it is too awkward to take
their brood with them.a
Commenting on the relation of
money to happiness, Dr. WhippleI
said that contrary to general opin-
ion money has relatively small im-
portance to marital happiness.
High income marriages are no
happier than others.
Dr. Whipple concluded that even
if a mother does go outside the
home and take a job she still has
the complete responsibility of her
house and children. When she gets
home from her job she still has
to have some "vigor left for the
WASHINGTON (R) -Republican
Reps. Jesse P. Wolcott and Kit'
Clardy touched off a bitter Re-
publican party fight Wednesday.
Both, demanded that the GOP
State Central Committee stay out
of their primary campaigns.
Wolcott, chairman of the House
Banking Committee and a con-
gressman of 24 years standing, and
Clardy of East Lansing,aimed their
blasts at GOP state party chair-
man John Feikens.
Wolcott's blast was delivered in
a strong five-page letter to Feikens.
He claimed the State Central
Commitee had done nothing but
embarrass him for the past two
years. The bristling message
stemmed from the latest move
in a controversy of long standing
between Wolcott and Frank C.
Lawson, his primary opponent in
Michigan's Seventh Congressional
Clardy's two-page letter was in
retaliation to reports that Feikens
had termed him an "anti-Eisen-
Meanwhile. Feiken~s said he was
unable to understand the outbursts,
saying he was an enthusiastic
booster of both Wolcott and Clardy.
The compromise bill, running
about 1,000 pages, revamps the en-
tire national tax structure. It does
not change major rates but it
gives individuals and business
firms scores of new or bigger taxr
For individuals, the deductions
would go principally to families
with 1 a r g e medical expenses,
mothers who must work to support
their children, retired persons, pa-
rents of children who work, and
farmers with large soil conserva-
Business firms and Individuals'
alike would benefit from the divi-
dend tax cut. Business firms also
would be given much more rapid
tax deductions for depreciation of
new plants and equipment, more
liberal treatment of research ex-
penses, greater freedom to set
aside surpluses, more power to off-
set losses in bad years against
profits in good years, and less
stringent a c c o u n t i ng require-
Most of the tax cuts would take
effect as of last Jan. 1 and would
show up in: returns filed next
spring. The revenue reductions
would mount in future years.
The best bargain of all in Ann
Arbor yesterday was sponsored by
Three cent lemonades were the
contribution of the Doris-Nancy Co.
to hot passers by as the perspiring
thermometer hit 92 degrees yester-
Also featuring cool-aid for two
cents and cookies for a penny, the
small girls kept cool by occasion-
ally sipping spare drinks behind
their stand located on the corner
of Williams and Maynard Streets.
Glancing at the gradually grow-
ing pile of nickels and pennies
they explained that their object was
"clothes 'n stuff."
Business should continue profit-
ably today, for though scattered
thunder showers are expected, the
heat will continue with a high of
Relief from the heat is expected
tomorrow when a cold front from
the North-West will arive, the
weather man at Willow Run pre-
dicted. Thus, for Friday and Sat-
urday lower temperatures are ex-
Heat Hits Everywhere
SOMEONE USES THE HOT WEATHER TO ADVANTAGE
Bargain Days in Effect Everywhere
By the Associated Press
Sen. John McClellan (D-
Ark) has apparently won a
third-term nomination in a
close primary fight with former
Gov. Sid McMath, although the
latter wants to see the certified
results of the election before
McClellan, who was the sen-
ior Democrat on the Senate's
Army - McCarthy investigating
group, claimed victory late
Tuesday when he had an unof-
ficial margin of 4,421 votes
over the combined vote of three
opponents, with only 25 of the
state's 2,302 precincts unre-
He is the sixth southern
Democrat to win renomination
in seven states this year. Sen.
Alton Lennon was defeated
May 29 in North Carolina by
former Gov. Kerr Scott.
CONFERENCE will have sessions
at 10:15 a.m. and 1:15 p.m. in
Aud. A, Angell Hall.
A UNIVERSITY LECTURE un-
der the auspices of the history
department will be given by Prof.
Philip W. Powell of the University
of California at 4:15 p.m. in Aud'
A. Prof. Powell will discuss "Cross
Currents in Today's Latin Ameri-
* * *
CONDUCTOR W I L L I A M D.
REVELLI will preside over a sum-
mer band concert at 7:30 p.m. on
the General Library steps.
"IS THERE A LINGUISTIC
APTITUDE?" is the title of a talk
by Prof. John B. Carroll of Har-
vard University to be given at
7:30 p.m. today in Rackham Am-
phitheater, before the Linguistic
"THE CRITIC," presented' by
the speech department, will con-
tinue its run at 8 p.m. in Lydia
* * *
ELVA V OG T ROSENZWEIG,
soprano, will present a student
recital at 8:30 p.m. in Rackham
Monroe & Mitchum
Sult, a Battle Creek, Mich., sales-
man, stopped along US112 near the
outskirts of Coldwater to help fix
a flat tire for a blonde and her
male companion ... Marilyn Mon-
roe and Robert Mitchum.
WASHINGTON (ii- The Senate
Wednesday night passed and sent
to the White House an omnibus
housing bill reducing down pay-
ments on homes bought with gov-
ernment - insured mortgages and
setting up safeguards against
"windfall" profits on big rental
The legislation generally follows
P r s e i d e n t Eisenhower's rec-
ommendations but falls short of
what he asked for in low-rent
public housing units subsidized by
Passage came on a roll call vote
of 59 to 21. It was obvious from
the debate that a number of those
who voted against the bill did so
Sbecause they didn't like the public
A compromise between differing
House and Senate. measures, the
bill is designed to insure continued'
high - level home building at a
rate greater than one million units
Its public housing feature of 35,-
000 units in the next year, restrict-
ed to families actually displaced
by federal slum clearance activi-
ties, compares with Eisenhower's
request for 140,000 units over the
next four years.
The measure does these main
1. Lowers down payments re-
quired for the purchase of new and
old homes in the government's big
sales-housing program and length-
ens the repayment period.
2.Allows builders of big rental
projects who use, government -in-
sured loans to include only a "rea-
sonable" profit as part of their
3. Sets up a new low-cost sales
housing program for families in
The two-day heat blast has
caused a record water usage. In
Detroit, Mayor Cobo appealed to'
residents to stop all lawn sprink-
Port Huron has adopted a plan
similar to Detroit's to raise water
The Detroit plan allowed even
numbered addresses to sprinkle
their lawns on even numbered days
and vice sersa.
Firemen in Mt. Clemens, fight-
ing a blaze which destroyed an
80-year-old building, had to call on
neighboring communities and Sel-
fridge Field for assistance.
Streit To Talk
"Why Moscow Fears the Atlantic
Union'' will be reviewed Monday at
the University by Clarence K.
Streit, lecturer and author.
Author of ''Union Now'' and
"Freedom Against Itself," Streit'
will speak at 4:15 p.m. in Aud. A,
Angell Hall. The public talk will
sbe presented under auspices of the
political science department.
A native of Missouri, Streit spent
two years in France during World
War I. He then became a Rhodes
Scholar, following this undertak-
ing with work as a foreign corres-
'pondent during the Greco -Turk
and Riff Wars. At this time, he
traveled through France, Italy,
Central Europe and the Balkans.
E As a New York Times corres-
pondent, he covered the League of
Nations from 1929 through 1939,
when his "Union Now" was pub-
lished. At that time he resigned his
position to become president of the
Federal Union Association which
grew out of his book.
He has also, served as editor of
the Freedom and Union magazine
and has lectured in the United
States, Canada and Europe.
May Stay on
LONDON (A') - Sir Winston
Churchill replaced two of his Cab-
inet ministers Wednesday in a gov-
ernment shakeup that indicated he
intends to stay on as Prime Min-
ister. A third minister offered his
resignation Wednesday night but
there was no indication it had been
Churchill, 79 and under -h e a v y
pressure from his doctors and his
wife to retire, filled two Cabinet
jobs vacated by resignations and
reshuffled his junior aides in an
obvious ministerial patch-up ef-.
Alan Lennox-Boyd, 49, minister
of transport and civil aviation, was
moved up to Cabinet rank and ap-
pointed colonial secretary. He re-
places Oliver Lyttelton, who re-
signed Wednesday night for per-
Derek Heathcoat Amory, 54, min-
ister of state at the Board of Trade,
was named to replace Sir Thomas
Dugdale as agriculture minister.
This post also is of Cabinet rank.
John Boy Carpenter, financial
secretary to the Treasury, replaces
Lennox-Boyd as minister of trans-
port, a non-Cabinet job.
Shortly after these changes were
made, Atty. Gen. Sir Lionel Heald
said that he, too, had placed his
resignation in Churchill's hands.
Heald has made it plan for some
time he would like to quit the
government and return to his law
business. The fact that his name
was not included in Wednesday
night's reshuffle, even though his
resignation was on Church-
ill's desk, strengthened the convic-
tion that Churchill plans to leae
any drastic remodeling of the got-
ernment to his successor.
The Prime Minister's changes
included the rejuggling of his jun-
ior ministers to fill the holes
caused by the promotion of Lennox
-Boyd and Amory. The shifts were
the least Churchill could do to keep
his Cabinet on an even keel.
Lyttelton had been pressing for
some time to be allowed to quit
the government and return to pri-
vate business. Dugdale resigned
last week after a judicial inquiry
into charges of maladministration
in his department.
Political experts said the changes
bear out Churchill's obvious in-
tention to stay on in office-at
least until September. One of the
main reasons for his stand, they
added, is the U.S. attitude toward
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden,
Churchill's chosen successor.
Churchill had intended to hand
over the reins to Eden after the
Geneva conference. Although Eden
came back to Britain in a blaze
of glory, his share in the Geneva
parley was not too popular in
Egypt May Get
WASHINGTON (P-A bill appro-
priating $5,208,419,979 to finance
the foreign aid program through
June 30, 1955, was passed by the
House Wednesday on a 266-128 roll
TheHouse approved $2,895,944,-
000 in new cash and $2,312,475,979
to be drawn from carryover funds
appropriated in previous years.
This is $812,213,554 less than Pres-
ident Eisenhower requested for the
current 12 months.
Now the measure goes to the
Senate, where it will join a bill
authorizing the expenditure of $3,-
100000000in new money for for-
e aid,00 durngnthe current fiscal
Foreign aid is designed to
strengthen allies of the United
States against the threat of Com-
munist aggression. Most of it goes
for direct militar- assistance, air-
craft, tanks and other wveapons,
but a portion is invested in build-
ing up the economies of friendly
Democrats gave the greatest
support to the bill on final House
nassage. 144 voting for it. together
AUGUST 9TH DECISION:
Millard Rulings May
Phut Bingo on Ballot
LANSING ( )-Atty. Gen. Frank G. Millard Wednesday liberalizedj
rulings under which the Secretary of State's office had rejected thous-
ands of signatures to put legalized bingo on the November election
Unofficially, state election officials hinted that the opinion vali-
dated enough signatures to put the petition drive across to insure it
a place on the ballot.
That, of course, will not be known for sure until the State Board
of Canvassers meets Aug. 9 ands
rules on the petitions affected by TRENDS
the opinion. OTHER TED
There was still a probability that
the Michigan and Detroit Council i"
of Churches, which oppose the Increase to
bingo vote, may take the fight to
the state Supreme Court to upset By RONA FRIEDMAN
thousands of the signatures.
Student religious participation
Hart Endc~orsed on and affiliation has increased during
the past few years, according to
" many of the leaders of local reli-
T ba s gious groups.
Special factors however, were
By the Associated Press noted by some among the current
Gry (I .Mnne nWiliams a -
CAIRO, Egypt Ai - American
military and economic aid will
soon begin flowing into Egypt in
quantity as a result of Britain's
Student Religious Partici
that there are more calls on his
time as society becomes more
The Rev. Eugene Ranson, min-1
ister to students of the Methodist]
"There is greater interest in
religion but it is not necessarily1
agreement to evacuate the Suez
Canal Zone, informed sources said
An unwritten U.S. Commitment to
help build up Egypt's economy
ji ation Seen and military establishment was a
big factor in persuading Egypt to
accept terms agreeable to London
Herman Jacobs of the Hillel Foun- whereby the British will pull their
dation. 83,000 troops out of the zone, the
"It is my belief," he continued, informants said.
"that this phenomenon applies to The United States is expected to
our campus as well." put chief emphasis on economic
"Activities have been very def- aid to this country, since problems
initely booming this past year at of irrigation and industrialization
Canterbury House," the Rev. Rob- have a high priority with Egypt's
n1 'a -- [xl++n - "nvm n~ 1nlan ---inr Tn..itxinor- -m-i
A Lot of Searching
At Lane Hall, Miss Doris Har-
pole, program assistant, observed
that students seem to be doing a
lot of searching today. "They are
not getting into the deep or intel-
lectual theological discussions that
they might have a few years ago.