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July 24, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-07-24

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EDITOR'S NOTE
See Page 3

Latest Deadline in the State

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VOL. LXIII, No. 24-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 24, 1953

Harvard Crimson
Editorials Barred
e.
Act ion Follows Student Written.
Attack on Ike's Administration
By HARLAND BRITZ
a Daily Managing Editor
The summer edition of the Harvard Crimson has been forbidden
to publish any editorials.
The paper says it will obey the prohibition.
The order, from Summer Session head William Yandell Elliot,
yesterday closely followed the publication of an editorial attacking
the Eisenhower administration for "apathy" in not attempting to
take advantage of recent upheavals behind the Iron Curtain.
IT IS NOT believed that the ban will have any effect on the fall
and spring edition of the undergraduate paper. The Summer Crimson,
a weekly, is partially supported by
the University while the regular
Committee Crimson is independent.

I

Truce

Imminent;

Ar
Ne

Preparations

Subpoenas.
Clergyan
WASHINGTON - (A) - The
House Un-American Activities
Committee voted yesterday to sub-
poena a Methodist minister, the
Rev. Jack Richard McMichael, for
questioning about testimony nam-
ing him as a Red.
McMichael has denied being a
Communist.
* *
THE COMMITTEE action mark-
ed an apparent milestone in con-
gressional investigations of com-
munism. So far as could be learn-
ed, this was the first time a cler-
gyman has been subpoenaed for
such an inquiry.
Chairman elde (R-Ill.) told
newsmen, however, that the
committee did not want anyone
to infer that "this was an initi-
ation of an investigation in the
field of religion." It is in keep-
ing, he said, with a policy of
investigating individual Com-
munists or members of Com-
munist fronts "wherever they
might be found."
McMichael is to be heard next
Thursday, possibly behind closed
doors. He recently became pastor
of a church at Upper Lake, Calif.
* *, *
McMICHAELS NAME was
brought into Tuesday's spectacu-
lar hearing of Methodist Bishop
G. Bromley Oxnam. Committee
Counsel Robert L. Kunzig read
parts of testimony he said a sub-
committee received in New York
recently in which former Com-
munists identified McMichael and
} Dr. Harry F. Ward, former theolog-
ical professor, as having been Com-
munists.
The witnesses said they had
known McMichael and Ward as
fellow Reds back in the 130s.
Both men were described as for-
mer officials of the Methodist Fed-
eration of Social .Service, which
later became the Methodist Fed-
eration of Social Action.
OXNAM testified he had been a
member and then an "official of
the federation for a number of
years before getting' out of it in
1947. McMichael was executive
secretary of the federation from
1945 until earlier this year,
At Upper Lake, McMichael told
reporters Wednesday he was not
a member of the Communist par-
ty or affiliated with any politi-
cal group.
Akzin Speaks
Of Israel, U.S.
Relationship
In an informal gathering, at
Hillel Foundation, yesterday, Prof.
Benjamin Akzin of the Hebrew
University of Jerusalem, Israel dis-
cussed the United States' relation
to Israel and precisely the rela-
tioriship on the American Jewish
community to Israel-
Following his talk, Prof.. Azkin
answered a number of questions
concerning the present condition
in Israel. Of the multiplicity of
political parties, he said, "I am not
convinced 'that the situation will
cause chaos or that the American
two party system would be better
for Israel than the present multi-
party system."
l Prof. Akzin also enumerated the
factors necessary before Israel
would be able to achieve its com-
plete economic independence, cit-

The Summer Session's assist-
ant director, Allan K. Campbell,
speaking in place of Prof. Elliot
who is in Washington, claimed
that since the paper is partially
subsidized "we wouldn't want
the views of the Summer Crim-
son taken as the opinions of the
summer school itself. The sum-
mer school obviously doesn't
have any opinions."
The order put a damper on the
publication of an editorial attack-
ing the Harvard Corporation for
the suspension with pay of Prof.
Helen Deane Markham, who re-
fused to answer congressional in-
vestigators of Communism.
HOWEVER, Harvard spokesmen
maintained thatt the nature of the
editorials had nothing to 'do with
the suspension of the rights.
Worried Crimson newsmen,
contacted yesterday by phone,
insistently refused to comment
on the situation.
The Summer Crimson is com-
posed both of members of the staff
of the regular Crimson and of
other summer school students. Edi-
torials appearing in the paper are
considered the opinion of the en-
tire staff. The editorial policy is
decided at weekly meetings of the
staff in the same manner as the
regular Crimson.
* * *s
BOSTON papers quoted Univer-
sity spokesmen as saying that the
paper's function is to print news
of the summer session for the sum-
mer school students and not to
speak for-them.
Until the Eisenhower blast, the
paper had printed many contro-
versial editorials without interfer-
ence from the University.
A Crimson staffer reported that
some sort of negotiation had been
started between the paper and the
University but that there was no
information yet as to the pro-
ceedings.
League Slates
Beach Ball
Beach Ball, the League's biggest
dance of the Summer Session, will
feature Al Townsend and his or-
chestra in a seashore-like atmos-
phere of umbrella top tables, palm
trees, and life preservers from 9
p.m. to 1 a.m. tomorrow in the
League Ballroom.
Tickets, for the only late per-
mission dance of the summer, will
be on sale in the undergraduate
office of the League from 1:30 to
5 p.m. today and at the door of
the dance. Admission will be $.75
per person and $1.50 per couple.

Ike's Plan
For Defense
Budget Ok'd
WASHINGTON-(P)--The Sen-
ate last night gave President Eisen-
hower a major victory in approv-
ing his trimmed-down defense
budget of 341/ billion diollars and
rejecting a Democratic-led move
to bolster the Air Force's atomic
punching power.
Passage of the big military mon-
ey bill-a total of five billion less{
than former President Truman
recommended--came after two
days of debate.
* * *
IT WENT through on a shouted
voice vote with Sen. Douglas (D-
Ill.) protesting he had no chance
to present several amendments.
Sen. Payne (R-Maine), presid-
ing, ruled that the Senate had
signified its approval before Doug-
las cried out his protest.
The House passed a similar
measure three weeks ago. The
bill now goes to a Senate-House
conference to iron out differ-
ences in the separately passed
versions.
Last-ditch efforts of Democrats
to restore at least part of the Air
Force's funds ran into a stonewallf
of virtually solid Republican1
strength despite assertions that
Soviet rulers might trigger a new1
war that would find the United
States lagging in air strength.
* , ,*

I

I

DIRECT HIT-An Army truck and its contents smoke after a direct hit on a mortar position on
the east central Korean front. GI's can be seen directly behind the truck still manning their mortar
despite the hit on the position. Tires have already burned off the vehicle whose chief value now is
for salvage.
E. German Parliament Called over Riots

IT WAS THE fourth and final
test of the decision by Secretary
of Defense Wilson, with Eisenhow-
er's public backing, to lop more
than five billion dollars from new
funds for the Air Force and lower
the immediate goal from 143 to
120 wings. A wing has from 30
to 75 aircraft.
Earlier victories had been scored
in the House Appropriations Com-
mittee, the House and the Senate
purse-string group.
President Eisenhower and other
administration leaders have said
repeatedly that the 34%/2 billion is
all that can be spent wisely in the
next 12 months. They have also
contended that better defense can
be provided for less money by step-
ping up efficiency and planning.
Before final passage, the Sen-
ate voted 53-38 to reject an
amendment sponsored by Sen.
Maybank (D-SC) and eight
other Democrats to give the Air
Force 400 million dollars more
than the administration request-
ed.
That was the big test, and once
it was beaten down the Senate
pushed on rapidly through a series
of other amendments to pass the
over-all bill.
The biggest Senate battle, other
than about the Air Force, was over
a rider that knocks out a recent
policy of awarding part of the de-
fense contracts to unemployment
areas certified by the Labor De-
partment.
Late Baseball
AMERICAN LEAGUE
Piiiladelphia 7, St. Louis 4

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By The Associated Press
East Germany's Communist gov-
ernment, fighting a billowing si-
lent resistance movement, yester-
day called the Volkskammer par-
liament to meet July 29-30.
The Volkskammer will "accept
a government declaration and en-
gage in discussions afterward," the
official announcement said. It did
not specify what the leaders had
in mind, but the government has
been concentrating on efforts to
crush what it calls "the Fascist un-
derground," the resistance which
the Soviet Army itself failed to
kill when it suppressed the June
17 rebellion.

Ilse Requests
Senate To Up
ForeignAid
WASHINGTON - (A) - Presi-
dent Eisenhower, declaring the
country's safety is directly in-
volved, carried to the Senate yes-
terday his thus far losing fight
against major money slashes in his
foreign aid program.
In a letter to Chairman Bridges
(R-N.H.) of the Senate Appropri-
ations Committee, Eisenhower ex-
pressed a conviction that "grave
consequences" would follow from
a major cut in the $5,138,922,227
he requested for foreign military
and economic aid.
The House, ignoring a late-hour
plea from the President, voted 288-
115 Wednesday night to cut the
program by $1,100,000,000, includ-
ing $414,806,298 in leftover funds
from previous appropriations.
The bill now is before the Sen-
ate committee, which may or may
not restore some of the cuts which
Eisenhower told a news conference
Wednesday were too heavy for
America's own security.

A FOOD shortage is a prime fac-
tor in the East German unrest.
U.S. High Commissioner James
B. Conant appealed to the Rus-
sians yesterday "not to place
any obstacles in the way" of the
delivery of free American. food
by West German authorities to
hungry East Germans.
In a mild letter to Soviet High
Commissioner Vladimir Semyenov,
Conant described the proposed
handling of 15 million dollars
worth of food from the United
States as a distribution "by Ger-
mans to Germans." He said Sem-
yenov was completely misin-
formed when he charged Wednes-
day that American food gifts were
being used to incite "Fascist hire-
lings and criminal elements" to
stage another revolt in East Ger-
many.
* * *
VIRTUALLY all food shipments
inside East Germany now are
decked with Red banners identify-
ing them as "Soviet help." This
is done for German domestic prod-
ucts in bulk as well as for the
trainloads of grain and fats which
actually come from Russia.
A Communist appeal was is-
sued in all East German cities
and towns last night for "every
hand" to volunteer for agricul-
ture harvest work next weekend.
Crops are endangered by a grave
shortage of farm labor.
A tabulation of reports published
in Communist-edited newspapers
of five provinces showed 250,000
workers in 97 industrial enterprises
were staging sitdown and slow-
down strikes against the Red dic-
tatorship. And these reports did
not cover the whole field.
* *F *j
MEANWHILE, new riots in the
Soviet-run uranium mines were
reported yesterday as a fresh wave
of arrests by Communist police
spread over the rebelious Russian
zone.

The U.S. High Commission
newspaper Neue Zeitung said
troops of the East German "peo-
ples army" have been rushed into
the Erz Gebirge uranium min-
ing area along the Czech bor-
der to put down the miner's
new uprising.
The paper said 200 miners have
been arrested this week for "open
rioting." They were demanding re-
lease of 1,200 comrades arrested
in the big anti-Communist revolt
of June 17.
* , . *
SCHWARZENBERG and Johan-
ngeorgenstadt, two mining towns
between Aue and the Czech bor-
der, were named as the main
trouble centers. This area pro-
duces rich uranium ore used by
Russia to make atom bombs.
Immigra ion
Bill Approved
WASHINGTON-(P)--One more
barrier against an administration-
sponsored special immigration bill
was removed yesterday when the
House Judiciary Committee ap-
proved a measure substantially
along the lines President Eisen-
hower wants.
Legislation to admit 240,000
special quota immigrants to the
United States during the next two
years is one of two goals which
Eisenhower leaders say must be
achieved before Congress adjourns.
Secretary of State Dulles, in a
letter made public yesterday, cited
recent uprisings behind the Iron
Curtain and said passage of the
immigration bill at this time would
be "giving the lie to Soviet propa-
ganda which maintains that there
is no real asylum in the free world
for those who choose to defect and
escape from Communist tyranny."

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FAIR AND COOL
FOUR PAGES
mistice
aringEnd
Red Radio Hints
*Signingin 3Days
Rhee Cites Impossibility of Allied
Pledges To Fulfill ROK Demands
BULLETIN
SEOUL - W) - President Syngman Rhee said early today
that Allied pledges to the Communists at Panmunjom "render
impossible a fulfillment" of some of South Korea's basi under -
standings with the United States.
Rhee's newest stand in the troubled armistice talks was made
in a statement.
South Korea has boycotted the talks since mid-May.
Last month Rhee threw the truce talks into a new crisis almost
on the verge of armistice when he ordered the release of 27,000
North Korean prisoners of war.
* * . *
By The Associated Press ,
The Korean armistice appears imminent today-possibly within
three days.
This was based on. persistant reports, bolstered by a Red broad-
cast intimating the final document was ready.
* * * *
THE REPORTS of a quick signing date lacked official confirmas.
tion from either side, but the North Korean radio said:
"It appears that preparations for a truce signing at Pan-
munjom have been virtually completed."
The broadcast cited evidence to indicate that all-or nearly all-.
the preliminaries had been taken care of. However, it coupled thi
with a warning against possible further South Korean opposition.
ALIED SOURCES were more chary Aurthoritive sources in the
Allied truce camp at Munsan said one or two minor points remained
to be settled and one or two more
meetings of staff officers at Pan-
munjom conference site might be Ike s Ex erts
required E.e t
These sources conceded, how- To Examine
ever, that the remaining matters
would be quickly decided. There
was strong unconfirmed specu- UM T Question
lation that a tentative signing
date already had been mention- WASHINGTON -- (i - Presi.
ed in the secret Panmunjom ses- dent Eisenhower yesterday direct-
sions yesterday. ed his manpower' experts to re.
The North Korean radio, in a examine the question of univer-
broadcast last night saidstaff of- sal military training to see if it
ficers apparently had completed is feasible and desirable.
drawing the buffer zone. He said in a statement le was
The Red announcer noted that anxious to correct "inequities
officers yesterday appeared to have which have long characterized our
taken up final discussions, indi- military manpower policies."
cating they might be through. * * *
* * * UNDER the present system, the
THE NORTH Korean broadcast- President said, the only effective
er said: "As long as the United military reserve is made up of
States does not deliberately inter- men who have already served the
fere with the truce effort, there is nation in the Korean War, World
no mistake about the establish- War II,' or both.

ment of an armistice in Korea:" At the same time there.are
Despite frequent previous slip- thousands of fit young men who
ups and renewed rumblings of Iive not yet assumed any mill-
South Korean opposition, allied tary obligations at all, he point-
officials appeared to be proceed- ed out-
ig on the assumption that Pres- Eisenhower noted that in the
ident Rhee would abide by his past he had expressed doubt that
pledge of non-obstruction. there was enough manpower in the
Rhee - said Wednesday that country to supply the needs of
South Korea would be forced to Selective Service and at the same
select her own course if Chinese time allow for an effective program
Red troops were still in Korea six of Universal Military Training.
months after an armistice began. * * *
While 'this cast some doubt on BUT HE SAID he had reviewed
his non-obstruction promise, it the manpower problem in the light
was noted here that Rhee had of the recent reduction in the size
spelled out no open threat to an of standing forces and was hope--
armistice. ful that a remedy might be found
* * * for the inequities.
MEANWHILE, an advance par- The National Security Training
ty of four Swiss and four Swedes, Commission gave Congress a blue-
who will serve on the neutral sup- print for universal military train-
ervisory commission for an armis- ing in 1952, but it died in the
tice, reached Munsan by air from House.
Tokyo. Polish and Czech delegates
were said by the Reds to be in:Bi To
Peiping, awaiting word on the s
South Korean underground ri s L os
sources hint that Red North
Korea's dictator, Kim 11 Sung,nOut in House
may have been fired.
Reports sifting across the 38th ----
parallel say that if the 42-year- WASHINGTON - (P) - The
old Communist leader has not House, backing the Eisenhower
been axed he at least is in con- administration, last night killed a
siderable trouble and his cabinet bill to increase tariff protection
has been shaken up. for American industries against
* * * competition from foreign goods,
IN ACTIVE battle, Chinese Reds A 242-161 roll call vote slapped
smashed South Koreans off three down a determined drive, led
hills and three outposts in Central by insurgent House Republicans,
Korea yesterday in bloody hand- against the administration's policy
t-hand fighting and attacked two of promoting freer world trade..
)utposts in the west. In the showdown, after four
Radar-equipped Allied bomb- hours of hot debate, Democrats
ers roamed the battle line last supplied most of the votes against

SEA GER FROWNS ON LEGAL MEANS:
Experts Clash over Censorship of Literature
* * * * * e
By BECKY CONRAD
Widely-diverse opinions sparked a many-sided debate on "Cen-
sorship and Popular Literature" yesterday.
Given in conjunction with the symposium on Popular Arts in
America, the five-man panel discussion centered around principles,
legislation and enforcement of literkry censorship.
PROF. ALLAN SEAGER of the English department and Michi-
}k gan State Press editor Lyle Blair came out strongly in favor of placing
responsibility on the shoulders of the people to educate their children
instead of using legal means to stamp out obscenity.
"Professional writes of obscene material use the mails for
_____________________________distributioe h dio ad "and federal government is perfectly
' ~ able to take care of that."
A ~~-.---~~Prof. Seager noted that the "serious novelists of the country
fhave largely been concerned with, moral issues. Even authors who

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