THE MTIMIGAN 1DAILY~
PROF. ALAN GOWANS
... ex-expert on Quebec church architecture
"Professor Gowans Gives
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"SOME THEORIES of Meaning
in Linguistics" will be advanced by
Prof. Robert B. Lees of the Uni-
versity of Chicago at 7:30 p.m.
today in the Rackham Amphi-
theater before the linguistics
PROF. BENJAMIN AKZIN of
Hebrew University in Jerusalem,
Israel, will be at Hillel at 8:30
p.m. today to lecture on "Present
Conditions in Israel."
Sponsored jointly by Hillel
Foundation and the Beth Israel
Community Center, Prof. Akzin's
talk will be followed by an in-
formal discussion and coffee hour.
"STATEHOOD FOR HAWAII"
will be discussed by Hawaiian stu-
dents at 7 p.m. today in the main
lounge of Alice Lloyd Hall.
All graduate women and stu-
dents from Hawaii have been in-
vited by the sponsor, Hinsdale
Fifty orchids will be distributed
to anyone who asks a question
about Hawaiian statehood.
DR. HSI-YEN LIU, instructor in
pediatrics and communicable di-
seases, will address the Junior
Group of the American Associa-
tion of University Women at 8
p.m. today at the home of Mrs.
William Jewell, 2600 Geddes Rd.
THE INTERNATIONAL CEN-
TER will resume its summer pro-
gram of outdoor garden parties
from 4:30 to 5:30 p.m. today on
the lawn of the Madelon Pound
House, 1024 Hill Street.
James Thurber's comic com-
ment on tradition and the role of
academic freedom in the life of
a university professor will be
shown on the Student Legisla-
ture Cinema Guild screen at 7
and 9:15 p.m. today and tomor-
Featuring Henry Fonda, Olivia
DeHaviland and Jack Carson, the
film takes an unusual turn of
events when brain triumphs over
Also on the bill is a three fea-
ture cartoon festival.
At 7 and 9:30 p.m. Saturday
and at 8 p.m. Sunday, seven Acad-
emy Award winner "All About
Eve" will return to the Cinema
Guild screen. This movie features
Bette Davis, George Sanders, Anne
Baxter and Celeste Holm.
A thundering climax to the
Fifth Annual National Band Con-
ductors Workshop will be pro-
vided by the combined University
Summer Session Band and Choir,
directed by Prof. William D. Re-
velli, at their first concert of the
season, at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill
The Choir, which this summer
is being conducted by Prof. Alex-
ander Zimmerman, will assist the
Band in two numbers, Bennett's
"The Spirit of Music," and Moore's
"America." They will also be heard
in two unaccompanied pieces, "O
Sing Your Songs" by Cain and
"Emitte Spiritus Tuum" by Schu-
IN HONOR of the appearance
of W. C. Handy as guest speaker
for the Popular Arts Symposium,
the Band will play his "St. Louis
Prof. Revelli has also pro-
grammed Handel's "Song of Jup-
iter," Gershwin's "Summertime"
with Allan Townsend as soloist,
Reed's "La. Fiesta Mexicana,"
and Hoist's Second Suite for
Admission is open to the public
without charge. ,
Woodwinds will be highlighted
in today's daytime events on the
Workshop. At 9:00 a.m. Nelson
Hauenstein, flutist, will discuss
"Common Teaching Faults and
AT 10:00 a.m. Glen Smith, trom-
bonist, will speak on the topic
"Preparing the Young Trombon-
ist for the Contest" and at 3:00
p.m. Clifford Lillya, cornetist, will
lead a discussion of "Materials
for the Cornet Student."
Rounding out the emphasis on
woodwinds will be a Woodwind
Demonstration Clinic under the
direction of Joseph Erskine.-
20% Movie Tax
ate Finance Committee, in a sur-
prise action, yesterday approved
a House-passed bill repealing the
20 per cent tax on movie theater
The measure, which would cost
an estimated net loss of 100 mil-
lions a year in federal revenues,.
has been opposed by the Eisen-
The theater people have said
they need relief, particularly in
view of television competition.
MOWPOPULATIONS OF VARIOUS WORLD AREAS ARE IA'REASI'G6
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UNE Foo Agnc Reot1olaieCniin
By BECKY CONRAD
Beginning his career as a lead-
ing authority on church archi-
tecture in the province of Quebec,
Prof. Alan Gowans of the fine arts
department of Rutgers University
quickly exhausted that rather lim-
ited subject and went into the
study of primitivism.
Prof. Cowans currently teaches
a summer course at the University
on the history of the popular arts.
PRIMITIVISM he said relates
the fields of modern and ancient
art. It is a "way of looking at art
and has nothing to do with intelli-
gence as the name might indi-
Prof. Gowans explained that
the primitivist doesn't look at
art visually. "It is not his busi-
ness to put down what he sees,
but instead to express an ob-
Ject as he remembers it," he
Sometimes this concept is dom-
inant, as in ancient times, he re-
marked, citing the stylized figures
of Egypt where a head in profile,
attached to a front view body and
legs, remained in side view.
* * *
"BASICALLY, today, most peo-
ple's taste still runs to Renais-
sance. People like a cow to look
7 ike a cow," he said.
However, as the influence of
modern art and-comics increas-
es, primitivism illustrated in
these media parallels their
growth, the professor indicated.
The Toronto-born professor
feels comics are the folk art of
the future, since they represent
"the genuine cultural document
of an age."
*According to Prof. Gowans' the-
ory, artists like Grandma Moses
are "anachronistic," because they
-r - Tape i Wire
Since MOR R IL L'S Phone
1908 314 S. State 7177
UNTIL 5 P.M.
are naive and do not reflect the
sophistication of contemporary so-
* * *
"FOLK ART," he said, "is the
art for, of, and by the people."
Because comics deal with folk
imagery in a folk style, they form
"the lowest common denominator
of popular taste--ideas which
people understand inherently, as
Popeye, the strong man, protects
his weaker friends."
After receiving his bachelor's
and master's degrees in fine arts
at the University of Toronto, Prof.
Gowans traveled on to Princeton
University for a PhD. in the his-
tory of art.
The professor hasn't picked up
a brush since 1946, but instead
has spent his energies teaching,
writing, carrying on research and
lecturing. After all, father of two
children Prof. Gowans says,
"When baby needs a new pair of
shoes . .11
Play To Continue
The speech department drama,
"Country Girl" will continue its
run at 8 p.m. today in the Lydia
Tickets are on sale in the Men-
delssohn box office. They are
priced at $1.20, $.90 and $.60.
By A. I. GOLDBERG
Associated Press staff Writer
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.-
Thirty million people more in the
world every year . . . 80,000 new
mouths to be fed every day .. .
food production still lagging .
more than half the world even
The Food and Agriculture Or-
ganization (FAO) voices new alarm
about the world food problem and
the population race. It was of some
concern before the war; it has
been critical since.
The specter of world famine
shows through in all documents
of the U.N. specialized agency-
its reports to the Economic and
Social Council meeting in Geneva
during July, its FAO council meet-
ing in Rome in mid-June, its stu-
dies for the FAO world conference
next November, in the formal
statements of its officials.
FAO WAS organized to deal with
governments not only in the grow-
ing of food products but with cot-
ton, wool, jute, rubber and forest
products, as well as fishery devel-
. But Norris E. Dodd, director-
general of FAO, says in his sum-
mer report "80 per cent of the
work now being undertaken is
intended to improve food pro-
duction and distribution."
The FAO has been sounding
warnings for two years that at
least a two per cent increase in
world food production was neces-
sary to avert shortages, even fam-
ine. A one per cent increase thus
far recorded has been just barely'
able to keep pace.
* * *
FAO STRESSES technical and
economic aspects of its work in
its one optimistic finding that the
problem is not insoluble.
The agency has been trying to
develop some kind of plan to
stockpile either food or funds to
buy food to meet famine emer-
genciesn the world. The latest
experts' scheme is to build up a
combination money-food bank. It
promises hot arguments at FAO
sessions late this year.
The population increase is not
due entirely to a bigger birth
rate. People, young and old,
who would have been killed off
by malaria, tuberculosis, mal-
nutrition and other diseases that
UN agencies are now attacking
the world, now keep on living.
The better the food situation
gets, the more people are kept
The FAO council's last report,
drawn up last Decenber, says
there are now more than 300 mil-
lion more mouths to feed than be-
fore the war, an increase almost
twice the total population of the
THE REPORT cites Ceylon to
argue that in the future the spread
of preventive medicine and im-
proving nutrition will speed up
the rate of increase.
"In the last 20 years the death
rate in Ceylon has been halved
and with no appreciable change in
the birth rate the population has
increased by 46 per cent,
"The improvement in health
already evident in Ceylon is ex-
tending to other under-develop-
ed countries. To produce the ad-
ditional food required for its
new inhabitants, and something
above that to improve the piti-
fully inadequate diets on which
the larger part of its people still
subsist, is becoming the world's
In holding that the problem is
not insoluble, Dodd says modern
agricultural measures can step up
food production. Besides modern
technics of irrigation, growing, in-
sect, disease and weed control,
brought to the land by a small
army of FAO experts all over the
world, FAO points to some eco-
nomic factors that can help.
These include, the FAO report
says, the fact that farmers must
feel they have security in their
work, that they should have easy
credit to develop farms and that
they should be assured a living
HERE IS DODD'S latest word
on the food-population race, to be
debated by the summer meeting
of the economic and social coun-
cil, and by the UN General As-
sembly next autumn:
"The significance to world
food supplies of the rapid popu-
lation increases taking place in
the two Americas, Africa and
Oceania will have marked ef-
fects on food requirements and
supplies during the next few
"A recent assessment of the
trend of food requirements was
made by FAQ on the basis of pop-;
ulation estimates supplied!by the
population division of the UN" for
countries other than the U.S..R.,
eastern Europe and China.
"THE RATE of increase for the
whole of this area, which in 1951
had a population of 1,672 mil-e
lions, for the period 1948-51
amounted to 1.4 per cent a year.
"On the basis of the above and
of the best available estimates of
the population trend in the other
areas for which detailed statistics
are not available, the annual in-
crease in world population is about
30 millions==an additional 80,000
new mouths to be fed every day,"
Russia claims that it has plenty
of food for its people, has cut out
rationing and reduced prices. But
statistics inside Russia are impos-
sible to check. And Czechoslovakia,
once a sugar beet exporting coun-
try lavish with its own meat and
fruit, now has to depend on food
imports from Russia and still has
to curtail its people's food allow-
ance. The food situation in Poland
is also reported not good.
Mainland China, another tradi-
tional famine area, still has fam-
ine spots, it is reported. But the
reports cannot be verified.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2).
Law Library. Elizabeth II and her em-
Architecture Building. Michigan Chil-
dren's Art Exhibition.
This evening at 8 p.m. in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre the Department
of Speech presents Clifford Odets' wide-
ly acclaimed Broadway success, The
Country Girl. Tickets are available at
the box office from 10 a.m. until 8
"Hinsdale House in Alice Lloyd Hall
has extended an invitation to three
of thexHawaiian students to lead a
discussion on the subject: Statehood
for Hawaii in the Main Lounge of Alice
Lloyd Hall, this evening, at 7 o'clock.
All Graduate women on campus this
summer and all students (Men and
Women) of Hawaii, are most cordially
invited to join us. There will be 50
orchids awarded to those asking the
most pertinent questions relating to
the subject announced."
Hillel Foundation. "Music Calling"
Classical Music played on high fidelity
system, this evening at 8 o'clock. Every-
one welcome. Refreshments served.
Summer Session French Club: Meet-
ing today at 8:00 p.m. in the Michigan
League. Professor Robert Niess, of the
Department of Romance Languages,
will give an informal talk entitled:
"Le dadaisme." French songs. Games.
All students and Faculty members in-
terested are cordially invited.
Classical Studies Coffee Hour; 4 p.m.
in the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. All students in the.
department and all others who are in-
terested in the classics are cordially
International Center Weekly Tea.
Held at Madelon Pound House, 1024
Hill Street, from 4:30 to 5:30.
Sociedad Hispanica. Every Tuesday
and Thursday, under the auspices of
the Sociedad Hispanica, a group of stu-
dents and faculty members interested
in speaking and hearing the Spanish
language meets from 2 to 3:30 p.m. in
the wing of the North Room, Tap Room,
Michigan Union. All those interested in
practicing the spoken language are
Hillel Foundation. A reception will be
given for Professor B. Akzin, Dean of
the Law School of the University of
Jerusalem and guest lecturer at the
University of Michigan, by Hillel in
conjunction with Beth Israel Com-
munity Center. The reception will be
held at 8:00 p.m. on Thursday, July 23
at the Hillel Building 1429 Hill Street.
Michigan Christian Fellowship Bible
Study. The New Testament description
of salvation. 7:30 p.m. Lane Hall.
SL Cinema Guild Summer Program.
Henry Fonda, Olivia DeHavilland in
James Thurber's "The Male Animal."
Also technicolor show: "Bugs Bunny
Rides Again." "Hippity Hopper," "Stu-
por Salesman," "Curtain Razor." Show-
ings at 7 and 9 p.m. Architecture Audi-
Next Week, Wednesday through Sat-
urday, in the Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre at 8:00 p.m. the Departmenthof
Speech will present G. B. Shaw's hil-
arious comedy, Pygmalion. This Shavian
Cinderella story will be staged by
William P. Halstead with sets by Jack
E. Bender and costumes by Phyllis
The Fresh Air Camp Clinic will be
held Friday, July 24. Dr. Ralph Rabi-
novitch will be the psychiatrist. Stu-
dents with a professional interest are
welcome to attend. Main Lodge, Uni-
versity of Michigan Fresh Air Camp,
Patterson Lake, Eight o'clock.
On Friday, July 24 at 8:30 p.m. there
will be another informal meeting to
discuss things of interest; sponsored
by the Unitarian student group. Plwce,
Unitarian Church, 1917 Washtenaw. For
transport from campus, meet at south
entrance of League at 8:15 p.m. Re-
The second graduate mixer of the
summer, a record dance. will be held
tomorrow evening in the Assembly Hall
of Rackham Building at 9:00 p.m. Ad-
mission will be fifty cents. Refresh-
ments will be served.
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