THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, JULY 15, 198
Projects in Process
Doing away with rain puddles
in front of Angell Hall and re-
moving excess odors and. fumes
from the laboratories of the
Chemistry building are among
University improvement projects
In addition students may have
noticed the appearance of two lit-
Survival of the secondary
schools depends on being able to
meet the needs of American youth,
declared Prof. Earl C. Kelley of
Wayne University yesterday at the
Comparing the secondary school
with the pre-historic animal,
Brontosaurus who "got along un-
til conditions became difficult,"
Kelley asserted that the youth
must be provided for. "Secondary
schools are the greatest institu-
tion we ever created," he said. If
the schools don't provide for the
needs, someone else will, he con-
Kelley proclaimed the most ser-
ious problem of secondary schools
is the "drop-outs"-50 per cent of
all that enter leave before com-
pletion of high school. And not
all the drop-outs leave school, he
said. Some even go on to college
but are the "socially and educa-
"No institution can survive if it
loses half of its customers," Kel-
ley continued. The schools must
operate in such a way that they
don't lose customers. In order to
keep students, "we must democra-
tise our methods, make them feel
needed and wanted in school," he
The conference highlight today
will be a panel discussion on "Art
in the Curriculum" at 10 a.m. in
Schorling Auditorium. At 9 a.m.
there will be a special conference
on school-district reorganization
in Rm. 268, Bus. Ad., and at 2
p.m. a Physical Education Con-
ference in Rm. 1022 University
High. School. Elmer D. Mitchell,
professor of physical education
will serve as chairman.
*F'ourier Transformations and
X-Ray Diffraction by Crystals"
will be discussed by P. P. Ewald
of Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute
at 94.m. today in 1400 Chemistry
There will be a linguistic
luncheon meeting at which Prof.
Aurelio M. Espinosa, Jr. of Stan-
ford University will discuss
"Seseo, Ceceo and Andalusian
Spanish" at 12:10 p.m. today in
the dinin* room of the League.
WALTER BAADE of Mt. Wil-
son and Palomar Obseraatories will
discuss "Galaxies: Their Compo-
sition and Structure" at 2 p.m. to-
day in 1400 Chemistry Bldg.
"Voice Operated Devices" will
be discussed by Gordon E. Pe-
terson of Bell Telephone Labo-
ratory before the Speech Assem-
bly at 3 p.m. today in Rackham
* * *
SPONSORED by the Depart-
ment of Civil Engineering, Prof.
N. M. Newmark of the University
of Illinois will discuss "The Pres-
ent Status of Blast Resistant
Structural Design" at 4 p.m. to-
day in Rm. 311, West Engineering
tle pent houses on the top of the
Natural Science Building, and
workmen hacking away at the
front facade of Hill Auditorium.
The largest of the construction
jobs is being undertaken in the
Natural Science Building where
the pent houses have been put up
to accomodate two new elevators,
a new one and a replacement for
the old freight elevator which has
been servicing the building since
its construction 40 years ago.
In the interior the Natural Sci-
ence Auditorium is 'being over-
hauled. The many levels of the
old ceiling have been replaced
with one overhead level, and the
amphitheater shaped auditorium,
which will be ready for use in the
fall, will also have a new lighting
system and movie projection box.
Construction in the Natural Sci-
ence Building has had its affect on
other spots on campus as can be
witnessed by the appending of Na-
tural Science Library books to An-
gell Hall Study Hall while the li-
brary itself gets a face lifting.,
In front of Angell Hall the ce-
ment walk is being built on an in-
cline to prevent the formation of
rain puddles at the foot of the
The field of landscape architec-
ture has not been ignored in the
general overhauling. The recently
completed decoration in the court-
yard between Angell and Mason
Halls presents a prospect of trees,
grass and flowers which students
can admire, but must not touch.
The curious hole in the south-
east corner of Hill Auditorium will
develop within the next few weeks
into a private entrance to the lec-
ture series office, which will be
moved there from Angell Hall in
The problem of removing chem-
ically caused fumes and odors from
the older half of the Chemistry
Building is being handled by re-
placing the old fashioned chimney
like fume hoods which were in-
stalled when' the building was
built in 1909, with a modern forced
air and exhaust system.
The women's physical education
department will run its second
summer golf clinic at 7 p.m. to-
Techniques in getting out of
sandtraps and up-hill and down-
hill lies will be demonstrated .
The group will meet at the Wom-
en's Athletic Building and go out
to Palmer Field for the golf ses-
Participants are to furnish their
own balls and if possible their
own clubs for the clinic, which is
open to all women students, ac-
cording to Miss Steward, assistant
Iglehart Gives Talk
On Child Inventor
"If the mind is not creative it
may never live at all," Robert
Iglehart, Chairman of the De-
partment of Art Education, New
York University said at an Ar-
chitecture and Design lecture yes-
Today we "have invented a
child who is himself inventive,"
Iglehart said describing the mo-
dern child. "There is no world he
can merely find. Therefore the
central task of education must be
shifted," he emphasized. "We must
develop children able to create
worlds of their own."
(Continued from Page 1)
Freedman (Sociology), Morris
Greenhut (English), Roger Wil-
liam Heyns (Psychology), Morris
Janowitz (Sociology), Phillip San-
ford Jones (Mathematics), Wil-
liam George Merhab (Romance
Languages), Daniel Robert Miller
(Psychology), William Charles
Parkinson (Physics), Robert Wal-
lace Pidd (Physics), George Piran-
ian (Mathematics), Hide Shohara
(Japanese), Peter Alan Somer-
vail Smith (Chemistry), Albert
Clanton Spaulding (Anthropol-
ogy), Morgan Thomas (Political
College of Engineering: Maurice
Barkley Eichelberger (Engineering
Drawing), Henry Jacob Gomberg
(Electrical Engineering), Paul
Mansour Naghdi (Engineering
Mechanics), Wilfred Minnich
Medical School: H. Richard
Blackwell (Physiological. Optics),
Dr. Fred M. Davenport (Internal
Medicine), Dr. Arthur Leslie Drew
Jr. (Neurology), Dr. Ivan Francis
Duff (Internal Medicine), Dr. Do-
rin Lee Hinerman (Pathology),
Dr. Muriel C. Meyers (Internal
Medicine), Lila Miller (Biological
Chemistry), Edward Carl Pliske
(Anatomy), Dr. James Weaver Rae
Jr., (Physical Medicine and Reha-
bilitation), Dr. Herbert Elias Sloan
Jr. (Surgery), Dr. Martha Rosalie
Westerberg (Neurology), Dr. Laur-
en Albert Woods (Pharmacology),
College of Architecture and De-
sign: Aarre Kotivalo Lahti (De-
School of Business Administra-
tion: Eugene Carroll Yehle (Sta-
School of Dentistry: Mary 'Cath-
School of Education: Paul Al-
fred Hunsicker (Physical Educa-
tion) Phillip Sanford Jones
Law School: William James
School of Music: Allen Perdue
Britton (Music Education), Rob-
ert Courte (Viola and Chamber
Music), William Harold Stubbins
School of Natural Resources:
Stephen Boylan Preston (Wood
School of Nursing: Edith Galt
School of Public Health: Dr.
Fred M. Davenport (Epidemiolo-
gy), Dr. Robert John Munroe
School of Social Work: Kath-
erine R. Reebel, Dorothy C. W.
Department of Physical Educa-
tion and Athletics: Paul Alfred
Also included in the list are the
following promotions to assistant
Literary College: Louis Isaac
Briggs Jr. (Geology), Donald
Francis Drummond (History),
Marvin Julius Eisenberg (Fine
Arts), Donald Arthur Glaser
(Physics), Frank Harary (Math-
ematics), Donald Louis Hill (Eng-
lish), John Edgar Milholland
(Psychology), Loren LaMont Okey
(Speech), Anthony Michael Pas-
quariello (Spanish and Italian),
Ross N. Pearson .(Geography),
Erich Ernst Steiner (Botany), Al-
fred Sheppard Sussman (Botany),,
Philip B. Taylor, Jr. (Political
Science), Robert Cooper Taylor
(Chemistry), John Francis Wei-
College of Engineering: Richard
Kemp Brown (Electrical Engineer-
ing), Edward Lupton Page (In-
Medical School: Dr. Murray
Richardson Abell (Pathology), Dr.
samuel John Behrman (Obtetrics
and Gynecology), Leonard Hubert
Elwell (Physiology), Dr. Melvin
Morgan Figley (Radiology), Dr.
Everett Richard Harrell Jr. (Der-
matology and Syphilology), Dr.
Willard James Hendrickson (Psy-
chiatry), Dr. Robert Cowgill Hen-
drix (Pathology), John Franklin
Kent (Anatomy), Dr. Robert Gib-
son Lovell (Internal Medicine),
Dr. Aaron Milton Stern (Pediatrics
and Communicable Diseases).
College of Architecture and De-
sign: Philip Charles Davis (De-
sign), Francesco Della Sala (Ar-
chitecture), Paul Haller Jones
(Drawing and Painting), Glenn
Gunnette Mastin (Architecture),
Edward Victor Olencki (Architec-
ture), Richard Henry Wilt (Draw-
ing and Painting).
School of Dentistry: Dr. Robert
Edward Doerr, Dr. Aloys Charles
Metty, Victoria Euphemia Ton-
School of Music: Homer T. Kel-
ler (Composition), James Brevard
Wallace (Music Literature).
School of Natural Resources:
- * -s
* - w
AIR RAID DEFENSE-Front view of the setup used by the Center to test the ability of controllers
to direct defense against air raids.
U Scientists Aid
In Vital Research
By MIKE WOLFF
Elaborate investigations into methods of protecting the U. S.
from attack are currently being conducted at the sprawling Willow Run
The Center's 600 scientists, technicians and administrators are
working practically around-the-clock on more than a dozen contracts
for the vital defense project.
Time is such an important factor +n the work that usual long-
range development methods have been modified by the introduction
of a speedier system known as simulation, according to the Center's
director,. Harry H. Goode.
* * * *
ORDINARY development methods make use of laboratory tests
and pilot plans to predict the final behavior of a product before it
goes into production. In their attempt to design a defense system,
however, Center technicians have amassed an impressive array of
mathematicians and mechanical "brains" to indicate whether their
inventions will work before they go into the many years of costly
pilot plant testing.
"In the design of these extraordinary complex systems, we
have to know beforehand that a device has a high .probability of
functioning properly-there is no time for constructing, testing,
discarding, and starting over," Goode said.
Center research covers a wide variety of defense problems-most
of it "classified." Willow Run' officials revealed, however, that work
was being done on radar, subsonic and supersonic aerodynamics,
rocket propulsion and new fields such as operations analysis and
"Practically nothing is being done with the atomic bomb,"
Goode said in response to a question, "although we naturally take it
into account in our defense planning."
WORKERS at the Center, which is located at Willow Run Airport
some nine miles east of Ann Arbor, are surrounded by an elaborate
Visitors are given badges and must sign in at the main
entrance, located in the southwest corner of the terminal. After
being checked for American citizenship and absence of cameras
they are ushered in through a door with a red "Restricted Area"
sign. The door is operated electrically by an armed guard.
From there on it is all guards, "Restricted" warnings and close
KEY FACTOR in the Center's simulation work is the battery of
high-speed electronic computers that permit solving the extraordinary
complex mathematical problems that occur in deciding whether a
system will work before actually building it.
To solve such problems by the best methods available a few
years ago would require thousands of man-years of computation.
The Center's analog and digital computors give the answers in a
matter of hours.
Actually the Center has become one of the world's leaders in the
computer field, with over one million dollars invested in these "elec-
* * 9 *
ITS ANALOG COMPUTER is one of the two or three largest in
the world. The giant device has nearly 5,000 electron tubes and 400
computing amplifiers-many of which were built by the University.
Problem-solving with this machine, which frequently operates
24 hours a day, involves planning a "road-map" showing the
sequence of simple mathematical operations into which the com-
plex problem must be broken down.
This plan is then translated into an electrical ciruit showing
the interconnections of the various panels and the dial settings to ibe
placed on the computer. Although this process may take a few months
until the circuit is correctly established, thousands of answers can
then be obtained for various combinations of input conditions in a
EVEN MORE impressive are the Center's two large-scale elec-
tronic digital computers, scheduled for completion in a few weeks.
MIDAC (Michigan Digital Automatic Computer) types out
answers to defense problems after the information is fed into it
on paper tape. Designed and built at the Center, MIDAC utilizes
a highly refined memory for storage of numbers and instructions.
Although no final decision has been reached as yet, it is probable
that time on it will be available for pure and applied research pro-
vided a method of paying operating costs can be devised.
A second digital computer is also near completion, but definite
information is being withheld for security reasons.
BACK VIEW-Center scientists work among the maze of wires and electrical connections in back
of the test panel shown above.
In 'U' Life
Willow Run Research
plays an important role
University's academic life.
The Center offers part-time em-
ployment to graduate students
while many of its full-time em-
ployes also attend courses on the
Ann Arbor campus. Some Uni-
versity courses actually meet at
Willow Run where they are at-
tended almost exclusively by Cen-
BECAUSE of its top-flight work
in the electronic computer field,
the Center has recently begun to
furnish the University with ad-
visory and instructional facilities
in this vital area of study.
Also, the Center's facilities
and personnel are 'being used
in the instruction not only of
the ROTC, but also in the large-
scale program of post-graduate
technical instruction of Air
Force officers at the University.
University faculty members are
frequently called into consultation
on Center projects. Some engage
in supporting basic research.
Willow Run is an integral part
of the Engineering Research In-
stitute and receives is contracts
from ERI after they have been
arranged between the military
and the University Board of Re-
When the Center develops a
patentable device, it must either
allow the government to apply
for the patent, or patent the in-
vention and give the government
a royalty-free license. Industrial
firms may then bid for the gov-
ernment contract after obtaining
ELECTRONIC COMPUTER-Results of the computations by this
part of the Center's electronic analog computing facility are
drawn by automatic pens on the two plotting tables in the center.
0 SUMMER and SPRING APPAREL
AS DIRECTOR of the Willow
Run Research Cener, Harry
H. Goode is responsible for all the
technical and administrative de-
tails of the Center's work.
Goode, who took over the direc-
torship last year, served as a re-
search associate at Tufts College
during World War II where he
worked chiefly in probability ap-
plied to war problems. After the
war Goode served as a staff mem-
ber in the Office of Naval Re-
There he took part in computer
research, simulation, aircraft in-
strumentation and control design,
training, anti-submarine warfare
and weapon system design. An
NYU graduate, Goode received his
M.A. degree in mathematics from
Columbia University in 1945.
MECHANICAL 'BRAIN'-This part of the Center's automatic
digital computer is used for classified purposes. Although some
twenty to thirty times as fast as MIDAC, it is somewhat less
flexible. On the desk at the left is the magnetic drum, used for
low-speed storage of large quantities of information.
1/4 O A POFR
- I I I III
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