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July 15, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-07-15

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WILLOW RUN
RESEARCH STUDY
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Latest Deadline in the State THUNDERSHOWERS

VOL. LXIII, No. 17-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 15, 1953

FOURIIPAGES
FOUR PAGES

West German Mayor
Distributes Food
East Berliners Defy Red Police;
Storm Markets for Free Produce
BERLIN - (A') -- A go-getter Western mayor cut red tape and fed
thousands of hungry East Germans yesterday in a heart-warming
demonstration of practical food relief on Berlin's Iron Curtain border.
Communist propagandists let out a- roar of rage at the act. The Soviet
Zone news agency ADN denounced it as "an American propaganda
trick."
WHILE THE UNITED STATES and 'the Bonn Republic were still

discussing ways and means of gett

High Reds
,To Confer
This Month
LONDON - (R) - Russia's Su-
preme Soviet Parliament, whic
last met four months ago to con.
firm Georgi M. Malenkov as Pre.
mier, is to meet again July 28
the Moscow radio announced last
night.
The call was issued by Marsha
Klementi Voroshilov, chairman o:
the Supreme Soviet's Presidium
and Nikolai Pegov, secretary o:
the Presidium, without disclosing
the topics that will be considered
THE LIKELIHOOD, however, i
that the session will be concerne
primarily with two things:
1. The Malenkov regime's firs
budget.
2. Rubber-stamping of the re-
moval of Lavrenty P. Beria as in-
prnal affairs minister and his
xeplacement by Sergei Kruglov
The Supreme Soviet, the elect-
ed legislative body of the Soviet
Union, has only nominal power.
Its job Is to approve whatever
actions are passed on to it by
the Communist party and the
Council f Ministers (Cabinet).
The legislators constitutionally
should meet twice a year, but for
some time they have been meet-
ink only once a year-around bud-
get time. The Russian budget
usually Is presented in the spring
The presentation was postponed
this year, presumably because 01
Joseph Stalin's death and the gov-
ernmental changes which followed
* * *
THE CALL for the July 28 meet-
ing came as Kremlin propagan-
dists stepped up the hate campaig
against Beria; former No. 2 man
of the Malenkov - Beria - Molotov
triumvirate, who is now under ar-
rest on a charge of plotting against
the Communist party and serving
t' the cause of Western imperialism
The Moscow radio reported
Communist chieftains in the So-
viet Republic of Georgia, Beria's
birthplace, have exposed serious
perversions in local rule and
blamed them on "the cunning
machinations of the bourgeois-na-
tionalist Beria."
Senate Group
Votes To Pass
Excess Profits
WASHINGTON-(A')-In sharp
contrast to its House counterpart,
the Senate Finance Committee ap-
proved quickly and without change
a House-passed bill to continue
the excess profits tax for the re-
mainder of this year yesterday.
The House Ways and Means
Committee had delayed action for
months on the extension requested
' by President Eisenhower. It sent
the measure along to the House
for passage last week only after
the administration had threaten-
ed to by-pass - the tax-writing
group. The Senate committee act-
ed after a 21/-hour closed-door
session.
Chairman Millikin (R-Colo.)
said the committee approved the
bill "by a comfortable vote," and
he predicted the Senate would send
the measure direct to the White
House without change, possibly
later this week.
Committee approval of the bill

without change gave strength to
the administration's drive to get

ing 15 million dollars worth of free
American food to the stricken So-
viet Zone, Willy Kressmann went
into action yesterday morning.
As Mayor of the American sec-
tor borough of Kreuzberg, he
opened a relief market at 9 a.m.
in Oranienplatz, facing the police-
guarded frontier of Soviet East
Berlin.
By collecting private donations
and drawing on borough charitable
funds, he stocked the market with
milk and fruits for sale to East
Germans at less than a fifth their
normal price.
Five thousand East Germans
swarmed past the Communist po-
lice posts to gather up 1,820 quarts
of milk, 2,200 pounds of cherries
and 11,200 oranges before the mar-
ket closed at 7 p.m.
Kressmann announced it would
reopen today with potatoes fea-
tured.
The East Germans' depreciated
currency was accepted at par with
the West mark at Oranienplatz.
In regular exchange the rate is
5.8 to 1. So the food was far cheap-
er than East Germans had ever
been able to buy it at home in
eight years of Communist rule.
The trek of hungry East Ger-
mans made a mockery of Com-
munist claims that state chain
stores were again bulging with
supplies. ADN tried to parry the
psychological blow by charging
that most of the visitors to Oran-
ienplatz were "jobless West Ber-
liners."
Regent Press
Ban Still Open
To Discussion
Opening the doors of Regents'
meeting to the press is still an
open matter as far as the Re-
gents are concerned, a University
spokesman said yesterday.
Arthur L. Brandon, director of
University Relations commented
on the formation of a "freedom
of information" committee of
Michigan newsmen yesterday in
Lansing whose goal is on-the-spot
coverage of Regent meetings.
* * *
THE REGENTS have met twice
with a former MPA committee but
no final decision was reached, ac-
cording to Brandon.
"On several occasions the Re-
gents have expressed willing-
ness to continue discussions" but
have not been approached by the
press representatives, he said.
Contacted in Detroit last night,
Brewster Cambell, executive city
editor of the Detroit Free Press
and chairman of the MPA group
expressed the committee's deter-
mination for open Regent's ses-
sions.

Promotions
A nnounced
By Hatcher
Promotions for 121 facutly mem-
bers at the University were an-
nounced yesterday by President
Harlan Hatcher.
The promotions become effec-
tive with the 1953-54 year, be-
ginning immediately for those
whose appointments are for a 12-
month period in each year and
with the opening of the Fall Se-
mester for those whose appoint-
ments cover only the fall and
spring semesters.
* *
THERE WERE 30 promotions
to full professorships, 49 to the
rank of associate professor and 46
to the rank of assistant professor.
Four members of the faculty,
Phillip Sanford Jones, Paul Al-
fred Hunsicker, Harold Richard
Blackwell and Dr. Fred M. Dav-
enport, received promotions in two
units of the University, bringing
the total promotions to 125.
In addition to the promo-
tions, President Hatcher an-
nounced the appointment of
two College of Engineering fac-
ulty members to serve as chair-
men of their departments for
five-year terms. Stephen Stan-
ley Attwood will head the De-
partment of Electrical Engi-
neering, and Russell Alger
Dodge the Department of En-
gineering Drawing. The present
chairmen of these departments,
Alfred H. Lovell and Henry W.
Miller, are beginning their re-
tirement furloughs.
Dr. James W. Rae Jr., who hays
been acting chairman of the Med-
ical School's Department of Phy-
sical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
has been named chairman. Dr. Rae
also was promoted to an associate
professor.
The following were promoted to
the rank of professor:
Literary College: Clyde Hamil-
ton Coombs (Psychology), Frank
Olin Copley (Latin), Claude Wil-
lard Hibbard (Geology), Joseph
Ernest Kallenbach (Political Sci-
ence), Lionel H. Laing (Political
Science), Herbert Penzl (German),
Earl David Rainville (Mathemat-
ics), Alfred Henry Stockard (Zool-
ogy), Wolfgang Friedrich Stolper
(Economics), Josselyn Van Tyne
(Zoology), Carlton Frank Wells
(English), Benjamin Webb Whee-
ler (History), Joseph Koshimi
Yamagiwa (Japanese).
College of Engineering: Henry
Carter Adams II (Naval Architec-
ture and Marine Engineering),
Richard Aloysius Flinn (Metallur-
gical Engineering and Production
Engineering), Gunnar Hok (Elec-
trical Engineering), Lawrence Lee
Rauch (Aeronautical Engineering),
Julius David Schetzer (Aeronaut-
ical Engineering).
Medical School: Dr. A. James
French (Pathology), Dr. John
Floyd Holt (Radiology).
School of Dentistry: Dr. Doro-
thy Gerald Hard (Dental Hygiene).
School of Education: Laurie Es-
telle Campbell (Physical Education
for Women), Claude Andrew Eg-
gertsen (Education).
Law School: Charles Wycliffe
Joiner, Marcus Leo Plant, John
Wesley Reed, Allan Frederick
Smith, Lafayette Hart Wright.
School of Music: Louise E. Cuy-
ler.
College of Pharmacy: Albert Mc-
Lean Mattocks.
* * *
Promoted to the rank of as-
sociate professor were:
Literary College: H. Richard
Blackwell (Psychology), Gerald

Saul Blum (Psychology), Marc
Denkinger (French), Ronald'
See PROMOTIONS, Page 4

Frosty Cold
DETROIT - (') - Michi-
gan's first native-born Wolver-
ine is dead-apparently because
his constitution couldn't take
the environment of the Wol-
verine State.
Frank G. McInnis, director of
the Detroit zoo, sadly an-
nounced the death of Frosty,
the three and a half month-old
wolverine who made his debut
to the public only two weeks
ago.
Frosty, born March 23 to a
wolverine that had been cap-
tured in Alaska, died of a bowel
infection, McInnis said. He ex-
plained it is an ailment that
frequently hits zoo-born ani-
mals when they are weaned, ap-
parently because of elements
lacking in the unaccustomed
food.
Just why Michigan was nam-
ed the Wolverine State no one
seems quite certain, but Mc-
Innis said Frosty was the first
young wolverine ever born with-
in its limits.
Big Three
Maps Long
Range Plans
WASHINGTON - () - The Big
Three foreign ministers proposed
yesterday a meeting "in the early
autumn" with Russia's Foreign
Minister V. M. Molotov.
Ending their five-day confer-
ence, they issued a final commun-
ilue saying the meeting with Rus-
sia should consider "directly the
first steps which should lead to a
satisfactory solution of the Ger-
man problem" and conclusion of
an overdue Austrian peace settle-
ment.
IN AN EARLIER statement on
Far Eastern affairs, they joined in
warning Red China that their gov-
ernments would fight once more if
Communist forces "should renew
their aggression in Korea after an
armistice."
The United States, British and
French leaders also declared they
would support existing common
policies indefinitely toward Com-
munist China even after a Kor-
ean cease fire.
An American spokesman said
this means continued opposition
to admission of Communist China
into the UN and tight controls on
strategic shipments to the Com-
munist mainland until these moves
are changed through consultation.
THE THREE-power statement,
outlining their Far East decisions,
also warned the Chinese Commu-
nist government against launch-
ing any new aggression "in any
other part of Asia" after a Korea
cease-fire.
The communique also pledged
strong support to the United Na-
tions truce efforts in Korea and
promised to work for reunifica-
tion of this divided country by
peaceful means afterward.
Speaking for their governments,
the foreign ministers promised to
maintain "the common policies"
of the three powers toward Com-
munist China, "pending further
consultation."
AN AMERICAN spokesman ex-
plained that this means:
1. Existing restrictions against
shipment of strategic materials to
the Compmunists will continue. Sec-
retary Dulles has said such bans
should continue, to safeguard anti-
Communist forces in Indochina
after a Korean armistice.

2. Communist China is not to
be admitted to membership in the
United Nations.

Chinese Offensive Rages;
Truce Prospects Clouded

Ike Special
Aide Hopeful
Of Armistice
Reds Still Ask
Prisoner Return
PANMUNJOM -(PA)- The Reds
clouded truce prospects today with
protests, demands and heavy fight-
ing but President Eisenhower's
homewardbound special envoy re-
iterated confidence that the South
Korean roadblock to an armistice
agreement has been cleared.
Sent to Korea to get President
Syngman Rhee back in line, the
special envoy, Walter S. Robert-
son, said before departing Tokyo:
"Nothing agreed upon with Rhee
is inconsistent with an immediate
implementation of the truce and
the long-announced -objectives of
the United Nations, the United
States and the Republic of Korea
for an independent, unified Korea
and a just and lasting peace in
the Far East."
IN WASHINGTON, President
Eisenhower was described after a
White House session- with con-
gressional leaders as optimistic
over chances for a cease-fire.
Red and UN truce teams were
to meet again today.
The only concrete word to
come out of yesterday's 39-min-
ute session was that the Reds
lodged another protest. They
charged that an Allied shell
landed Sunday in the Panmun-
jom neutral zone.
At Monday's session, the Reds
also lodged a protest, charging
that Allied planes had bombed
and strafed a prisoner of war
camp north of Pyongyang.
THE UN COMMAND has not
commented on either charge.
The Red radio at Pyongyang
broadcast renewed demands that
the UN Command recapture "im-
mediately" the more than 27,000
anti-Red North Korean prisoners
released last month on orders of
South Korea's President Syngman
Rhee.
The broadcast heard in Tokyo
last night brushed aside the
contention of Gen. Mark Clark,
UN Far East commander, that
the Red demand was impossible
to meet because the prisoners
had melted away into the civil-
ian population.
THE DELEGATE, Maj. Gen.
Choi Duk Shin, has stayed away
from the truce table since May 25
when Rhee first began to solidify
his opposition to any armistice
that would leave Korea divided.'
Although the talks remained
secret, there were surface indi-
cations that the Red delegates
were pressing for more assur-
ances that Rhee can be kept in
line. Red correspondents out-
side the conference hut said the
negotiations were "getting no-
where."
There has been no public an-
nouncement of the specific agree-
ment with Rhee that Robertson is
carrying back to Washington.

ADLAI AFTER BRUSH WITH SOVIETS-Adlai Stevenson shakes
hands with refugee youngsters at a camp in Spennserstrasse, in
British sector of Berlin. A few days before he was held at gun-
point by an East Berlin policeman and told not to move under
threat of being shot. Pictures which Stevenson and his party had
taken were confiscated and all were permitted to return to the
West Berlin sector.
I _
NoMcCarthy Showdowvn
Seen by Local Experts
By FRAN SHELDON
Senator McCarthy is not at present strong enough to openly,
oppose President Eisenhower, campus political scientists said yes-
terday.
Agreeing that the current Central Intelligence Agency-William
Bundy controversy is excellent material for a White House-McCarthy
showdown it is the opinion of these experts that such a showdown
will not be forthcoming.
** * *
PROF. PHILIP B. TAYLOR of the political science department
said that at the present time McCarthy was not strong enough to at-

tempt an open disagreement. He'
pointed out that before he could
follow such a policy it would be
necessary to first "maneuver Ike
into a position" that would be fa
vorable to attack.
"Until now," Prof. Taylor said,
"Ike has been giving ground, and
if this is the issue on which he
will stand firm, it must be given
time to develop."
Citing as proof that McCarthy is
"not yet prepared to stand firm
against Ike" the fact that ,he
yielded to the White House on the
Matthews issue, Prof. Taylor dub-
bed this move a "tactical" one.
CLAIMING that the Democratic
senators have of late "come out
more openly in opposition" to the
committee, he pointed out that
they were merely performing theirI
,duty as the opposition party.
"It would not be in their in-
terests to oppose McCarthy
against Eisenhower for any oth-
er reason," he said.
By their opposition in this is-
sue, the Democrats "can gain only
partisan advantage, and realizing
this they will use this power with
some restraint," he pointed out.
*I *~ *
PROF. FRANK GRACE also of
the political science department,

agrees with Prof. Taylor that Mc-
Carthy is not at present "capable
of attacking the President, and be-
cause- he has political sense if no
other kind he would not do so un-
less he were entirely sure of him-
self."
Pointing to the CIA investi
gation as one in which the sen-
ator "has no real case" Prof.
Grace said that "there is no
group in the government which
is more thoroughly screened."
For this reason he feels that the
Bundy case might "smack of spite"
both toward the President and to-
ward Dean Acheson, Bundy's fa-
ther-in-law.
Pointing out that the Protestant
clergy case earlier'this week was
the first time that the southern
senators had been openly anti-
McCarthy, Prof. Grace said that
the White House apparently had
been awaiting something really
solid before taking a stand.
The Central Intelligence Agen-
cy investigations may provide this
solid base, he concluded.
* * *
Data on Bundy
Given to CIA
By McCarthy
Senator McCarthy (R-Wis.)
said yesterday he will give the
Central Intelligence Agency "de-
rogatory" information on CIA of-
ficial William P. Bundy.
According to the United Press,
McCarthy and CIA Chief Allen W.
Dulles agreed to work out a for-
mula for a Congressional investi-
gation of CIA employes without
giving away super-secret CIA data.
McCarthy said his subcommittee
will turn over to the CIA "all in-
formation" it has on Bundy, son-
in-law of former Secretary of
State Dean Acheson. His state-
ment said:
"Mr..Dulles pointed out that it
wa h istanrN.r,,nr,+et ra ofCn-

Rain, ROKs
Check Reds'
East Front
100,000 Troops
Engage in Battle
SEOUL-(P)-Rain, ROKs and
roaring big guns checked the rag-
ing Chinese offensive on the Ko-
rean east-central front -early to-
day after it had smashed miles in-
side allied territory.
It was apparent at U. S. Eighth
Army headquarters that the Com-
munist drive on the 20-milesector
had stalled-at least for the mo-
ment.
* * *
TWO INCHES of steady rain
last night, a sturdy defense by
four Republic of Korea (ROK)
divisions and a curtain of Allied
artillery fire had up to that time
prevented a breakthrough in the
Reds' biggest attack since May,
1951.
AP Correspondent Forrest Ed-
wards reported from the front
that the Chinese apparently did
not press their attack during the
night.
The U. S. Fifth Air Force said
38 B26 twin-engined bombers
blasted the Communist attack-
ers during the night with' 190,-
000 pounds of explosives.
More allied war planes took off
for the battle zone this morning
but the heavy rains sharply .cur-.
tailed air support of frontline
troops.
The Chinese had poured fresh
troops from eight divisions--more
than 80,000 men-into the big
drive Monday and yesterday.
* * *
FOUR HARD-HIT South Ko-
rean divisions and attached Amer-
ican artillery and advisory units
reeled back for miles under the
Red hammer blows.
More than 100,000 Chinese
and South Korean soldiers were
locked for a second day in the
biggest Korean battle in two
years.
Bad weather hindered Allied air
support at a time when it was
needed most urgently.
The outcome of the feverish
fighting was still not clear. Red
spearheads knifed at least four
miles into the flanks of Allied lines
along the Kumsong Bulge.
* * *
ONE U. S. battalion, assigned to
long-range harrassing fire, sud-
denly found itself firing directly
at Chinese storming down a slope
just in front of it.
Destroying its weapons, the
battalion was forced to flee to
the hills but later was re-equip-
ped and firing again late yese
terday.
The entire northward bulge of
the Allied line between Kumhwa
and the winding Pukhan River was
endangered by the Communist
penetrations on the flanks, front
reports said.
Soldiers of the Republic of Ko-
rea's Capital 6th, 8th and 3rd Di-
visions fought valiently to stem
the Red tide. All were battle test-
ed, but even the best could not
stand against the Red "huran
sea" attacks.
Frontline officers estimated the
Chinese had eight full divisions in
the fight, with more than four of
them committed the first day and
others steadily funnelling in re-
inforcements. Estimates of Red

troops actually in the battle rang-
ed between 60,000 and 70,000 men.
Name New Cief
Of Council Board
Earl H. Cress, president of the
Ann Arbor Trust Co., was named
chairman of the University Devel-
opment Council Board of Directors
yesterday.

"WHEREVER there is a lack of
information, we will go into the
fight," he said.
Brewster expresses dissatisfac-
tion with the opening of the
Michigan State Agriculture
Board to the Press and the re-
sulting closed executive sessions
as "only a short step in the
right direction."
He stressed the fact he was a
new appointee to the group and
had not yet consulted with his
committee but felt certain he
spoke for himself as well as the
majority of the board.
ONE BOARD member contacted,
however, expressed dissent with
the group in practice, though not
in theory.
. Opening the Regents' meeting
fn the mrP.r wmid nsnleave

RADIO, TV, STAGE:

ti

Three Versions of 'Night Club' To Be Given Tonight

By BECKY CONRAD
The curtain will theoretically
rise three times today in Lydia'
Mendelssohn Theatre when the
English and speech departments
combine talents in radio, stage
and television versions of Kather-
ine Brush's short story "Night
Club."
Part of the current summer
symposium on "Popular Arts in
America," the program will begin'
at 8 p.m. with a reading of the
original story by Prof. Claribel
Baird nf the sneech department.

demonstrate changes necessary
for a television showing.
AUDIENCE participation in a
general discussion of the program
will conclude the evening's events.
There will be no admission charge
for the program, but two tickets
are available for each patron at
the Lydia Mendelssohn box office,
open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. today.
Students taking part in the
radio show include Lila Beck,
Grad., Zelda Benowitz, Grad.,

m ~* w,

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