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July 11, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-07-11

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See Page 2

:Yl r e

Sir ujau
Latest Deadline in the State




VOL. LXIII, No. 15-S



Possible Rhee, Robertson Agreement Due








Signs Show
Korean Head
Joint Statement
PANMUNJOM-(1P)-Allied and
Communist truce negotiators met
twice here today and signs were
that President Eisenhower's spec-
ial envoy had induced stubborn
South Korean President Syng-
man Rhee to abandon his opposi-
tion to an armistice.
In Seoul, Eisenhower's envoy,
Walter Robertson told correspond-
ents that he and Rhee "hope to
issue a joint statement this after-
ROBERTSON made his com-
ment as he emerged from a 20-
minute meeting with Rhee at the
presidential mansion. It bore out
earlier Washington reports that
the two were very near accord on
an armistice with the Reds.
Communist Correspondent Al-
an Winnington of the London
Daily Worker told Allied corres-
pondents during the session, "I
don't believe there is any ob-
stacle to a truce that cannot be
overcome providing America
takesa responsible attitude to-
ward the truce and gives evi-
dence they are able to control
But in Seoul a South Korean,
who is close to Rhee's side in the
talks with Robertson, said "I be-
lieve it would be correct to say
there has been some progress but
no agreement."
* * *
SUCH A cautious statement has
been the tenor of the scanty pub-
lie announcements made by Rob-
ertson or Rhee's men since the
talks started June 25.
The U. S. Embassy at Seoul
contacted shortly after mid-
night on the Washington re-
port, refused to comment on
progress of the talks.
In Washington, some U. S. offi-
cials said the Rhee-Robertson un-
derstanding amounted to an
agreement. But others, pointing
to Rhee's past changes of mind
on the issue of truce co-operation,
said only a signing would make
it conclusive.
. . S
ROBERTSON and Rhee met
Thursday but held no session yes-
Peiping radio, broadcasting an
editorial from the People's Daily,
the Communist party mouthpiece,
continued its demands that the,
UN put hobbles on Rhee If thex
Allies want an armistice soon.
This is believed to, have been the Y
line taken by Red negotiators at
yesterday's truce meeting.
Williams Asks
Executive Aid
On Contracts
LANSING - () - Governor
Williams wired President Eisen-
hower yesterday in an effort to
find out something about the gov-
ernment's future policy toward de-t
fense contracts for the Detroita
The Executive office said Wil-a
liams contacted the President aft-3
er Secretary of Defense Charles E. V
Wilson "brushed off" his requestf
Sof a week ago for a conference on-
the matter.

KANSAS CITY - (R) - For-
mer President Harry S. Truman
admitted yesterday he had done
what many others have-car-
ried away the keys to his hotel
After a news conference yes-
terday morning, he walked into
the office of Miss Rose Conway,
his secretary, dug down in his
coat pocket and fished out two




U. S.



"Mail these
a smile.

back to the Wal-
he directed with

-Daily-Chuck Ritz
. .. a great metaphor
* * *A *
HNew Criticism' A uthority
Cherishes Ikons, Organs
When his disciples trek to the "chapel" of Prof. Austin Warren
of the English department, they are ushered into a virtual gallery of
Japanese prints, modern andMedieval ikons and endless rows of
One side of the far wall is devoted entirely to woman saints;
the Virgin Mary, St. Barbara and "sometimes Eleanor Roosevelt
hangs there." The other half of the wall, more heavily populated,
is dedicated to male saints, Christ and St. Nicholas, while a portrait
of King Charles I illustrates Prof. Warren's Tory Socialism.
"IDEAL MONARCHY may even be possible in our time. We all
crave royalty-real royalty-not the bourgeois royaly like the house
of Windsor," he said.
An abstract drawing of a penicillin machine serves as a
scientific ikon in the living room, another of a "piston or valve
or something" serves as a "cell" Y-

Big 3 Agree
Beria Purge
May Bode Ill
Meetings Start
Yesterday in D.C.
Western Big Three foreign minis-
ters reportedly agreed yesterday
that the Kremlin purge of Lavren-
ty Beria might herald a tougher
Russian policy towards the West.
The three foreign policy chiefs
reached this tentative conclusion,
informed officials said, at their
first meeting yesterday.
AT THE three-hour session,
Secretary of State Dulles, acting
British Foreign Secretary Lord
Salisbury and French Foreign
Minister Georges Bidault focused
their attenion on the reason be-
hind Beria's sudden ouster from
his post as deputy premier.
Responsible informants who
attended the conference told
reporters all three agreed the
development may foreshadow a
reversal of Russia's recent soft.
er policy.
Despite his job as secret police
chief, Beria was believed to favor
a conciliatory approach toward
the West and the satellite peo-
ples, officials said.
THE FOREIGN ministers' meet-
ing, the first of seven sessions
scheduled in the next five days,
got under way with Secretary
Dulles publicly noting the Beria
"A new convulsion is under
way," he said. "Within Russia
itself, Beria, the leader and sym-
bol of a police state is himself
put under arrest."
In opening the conference,
Dulles said "we meet at a time of
great opportunity.''
Dulles asserted that Beria's sud-
den elimination shows "inherent
weakness" within Russia even
though Communist rule may re-
main and "continue to threaten"
the Western world.
* * *
DULLES spoke out a few hours
after summoning the American
ambassador to Moscow, Charles E.
"Chip" Bohlen, home for urgent
consultation on the situation in
Bohlen "foresaw and reported
the probable elimination of Ber-
ia," according to a State De-
parment announcement. In
view of this, Dulles has ordered
him to fly from Paris where he'
has been since July 8.'
State Department officials said
Bohlen left Moscow July 6 and
headed for Paris in order to be
ready for a quick flight home ift
Beria was purged, as he expected.

Offers E.Germany
Emergenc Food
WASHINGTON-(A)-President Eisenhower last night challenged
Russia to accept American food to help feed the hungry, rebellious
people of Soviet-controlled East Germany.
In a dramatic stroke-designed to seize the initiative at a time
when- Russia is torn by strife in the Kremlin itself and facing -bitter
unrest in the satellite countries-the President laid the offer directly
on Moscow's doorstep.
If Russia accepts, the whole world will note that it took American
food to help feed a Communist-run country. If the Soviets refuse,
the hungry East Germans and other Moscow-dominated peoples may
wonder at the humanitarianism of the Kremlin.
* '. * *
THE PRESIDENT said in a note to Moscow that the United
States is offering 15 million dollars worth of food to the East Ger-
mans and is ready to start deliv- 9

-Daily-Chuck Ritz
* *
New Display Techni que
Featured at Exhibition
In order to give the impression of continuity and at the same
time, variety, Prof. Francesco Della Sala of the architecture college
has devised a unique system of metal tubing and wallboard panels
for an exhibit in the Museum of Art."
The exhibition on Popular Visual Arts is on view until Aug. 7.
Set in a transparent arrangement of structural steel tubing,
panels of the exhibit hang in hexagonal niches. With a basic design,
the tubing is arranged in various forms by three shapes of connections.
* * e *n
SPACE AND LIGHTNESS in the setting for the show have been

"I wasn't sure which side was
up, but there was printed matter
on the back and I went by that,"
Prof. Warren said.
In the midst of his ikons, Prof.
Warren, author of what has be-
come the bible of the "New Critics"
can be found working on five new
books, a very natural way of writ-
ing, according to the professor.
I work according to my mood, time
available and the amount of
strength," he explained.
"A GRADUATE student once
asked if I ever got mixed up. My
mind is so clear, I can't become
confused; it's not like a student's
notebook with a dozen little tags
sticking out," he added.
Pacing the floor, Prof. Warren
pointed to one of the few re-
maining chairs in the "Taj Ma-
hal" -and elaborated on his sit-
ting down philosophy. "I keep
moving the chairs out," he said.
"I love space. I admire Hindu
ladies who sit cross legged on
floor - perfectly straight - up-
right, yet not rigid, not maso-
chistic. Sitting thus calls for
physical and spiritual disci-
Having thus disposed of seden-
tary subjects, Prof. Warren donned
a slate grey Japanese robe and ex-
plained that one of his books, an
autobiography up to the age of
30, has one chapter written around
the organ as a central metaphor
for the whole of life.
"I'VE WRITTEN of the organ

Aging Issue
Panel Says
The discussion of the problems
of the man who doesn't want to
sit back at the proverbial retire-
ment age of 65 years and wait for
his pension checks to roll in came
to a close yesterday with the final
session of the conference on Ag-
Herbert R. Harper, retired rep-
resentative of the Department of
Health Welfare and Education,
told the group he felt the day of
statistic compiling was giving way
to one of constructive action.
DUBBING this old age question
"the greatest social problem of the
next 50 years, second only to the
prevention of war," Harper em-
phasized his feeling that real pro-
gress was beginning to replace dis-
His reference was to such
groups as the Fifty Plus Club
which has been formed in Lan-
sing with the aim of getting old-
er people together to put their
skills to productive use.

emphasized, according to Prof. De
English Talk
To Be Given
By ACDEditor
The author of the popularly used
"American College Dictionary"
will be the featured speaker at
the fourth meeting of the Confer-
ence of English Teachers on Mon-
day in Angell Hall, Auditorium C.
Editor Clarence L. Barnhart will
give an illustrated public lecture
on his specialty "The Dictionary
as a High School English Text."
Important questions deciding
the fate of the high school stu-
dent's English career will be dis-
cussed, among them the role play-
ed by the dictionary in his educa-
Barnhart will also express his
views on the standards for judg-
ing high school level dictionaries
and the various types of diction-
aries available - today.
He will enumerate the skills.
needed to use a high school dic-
tionary effectively and the ques-
tions most commonly referred by
confused students to the infallible
The final item discussed will be
the part that the dictionary
should playtin the high school
English class.
Besides having edited the Amer-
ican College Dictionary Barnhart
is also the editor of the Thorn-I
dike-Barnhart dictionaries.
Ile Wins Battle
On Profits Tax
House yesterday overwhelmingly
passed President Eisenhower's long
embattled proposal to extend the
excess profits tax-handing the
P~i'd..nt hiq hio-oestf iptorv vet .

lta Sala, "because the viewer must
be drawn to the content and not
the design of the exhibit."
Currently drawing up diagrams
of the system, Prof. Della Sala
will apply for a patent, since to
his knowledge no structure like
it has yet been designed.
ORIGINALS and reproductions
of famous magazine and book il-
lustrators, cartoonists, photogra-
phers and advertising designers
are shown as "the art of the peo-
ple, who don't feel comfortable in
the surroundings of a convention-
al art museum," according to Prof.
Donald Gooch of the architecture
Cartoons, ranging in antiquity
from "The Yellow Kid" to "Pogo,"
line the many-colored panels of
the exhibit. A page from a 12th
century Biblical manuscript on
exhibit established the strip form
of continuity for comics of the
modern day.
Science fiction designs, art from
the pages of children's books and
George Cruikshank's illustrations
for Dickens' novels represent the
extent to which an artist can
make a living by illustrating in
the' modern sense, catching the
eye of prospective readers.

ering it "immediately."
The food would be chiefly
grain, sugar, lard, soybean oil
and some other commodities
needed in the hunger-pinched
East zone of occupied Germany.
Eisenhower's move capped
mounting suggestions in Congress
for "positive action" to wrest the
initiative from Russia in the East-
West cold war,particularly now
that the Soviet hierarchy has
been shaken by the firing of Rus-
sia's No. 2 man in the Kremlin,
Lavrenty P. Peria, head of the
Soviet secret police.
called his election campaign pledge
last year to work by every peace-
ful means for the liberation of the
captive peoples behind the Iron
It was also a step in line with
his repeated declarations of hope
for re-uniting Germany, split
into two hostile zones since the
end of World War II.
Presumably the food offer was
made directly to Moscow'because
the United States has never recog-
nized the new East German Com-
munist government. It still deals
with Soviet occupation authorities
on questions affecting East Ger-
HOWEVER, in this instance,
Eisenhower chose to put the matter
directly to the Kremlin, which now
must decide whether to accept
help from a nation its propaganda
vilifies around the clock, or to let
the East Germans go hungry.
A White House statement issued
late yesterday under the Presi-
dent's name, while the Chief Exe-
cutive himself was in Texas, said
he had instructed the American
charge d'affaires in Moscow to
make the food offer.
The President directed Secre-
tary of State Dulles and Mutual
Security Administrator ^tassen to
"take steps to see that this food
is made available in Germany
without delay."

Beria's Fall
Tells World.
Of RedSplit
STOCKHOLM, Sweden - (R) -
Unless the formula has been
changed, Laventry P. Beria, high.
chieftain of the Soviet secret po-
lice, sat in one of his own cells in
Lubianka Prison last night, an ex-
ample of how the Communist par-
ty devours its own.
A few days ago he was the first
deputy chairman of the Council
of ministers, a member of the all-
powerful party Politburo, minister
of security and down in the par-
ty's books as one of Joseph Stal-
in's closest comrades in arms.
Who helped do him in?
* *. *
Kruglov, a big lumbering police-
man, as his successor is intrigu-
ing. Kruglov was a friend of So-
viet Foreign Minister V. M. Molo-
tov. Perhaps Molotov has now
wedged deeper into the powerhouse
Is anyone else next?
Premier Georgi M. Malenkov
has won the first round, but any.
thing can happen In Russia. In
the power vacuum that followed
the death of Stalin the first
round may not be the final one.
In the ruthless grasping for
power that was going on in the
Kremlin, the German uprising,
coming on top of the disclosure
that the Moscow "doctor's plot"
was a frameup, gave MalenkoV
the chance to reach for his gun
* * *
BERIA is being denounced in
Moscow, among other things, for
trying to put the police before the
party and government. If this can
be believed it means he was try-
ing to arrest some of his colleagues,
possibly Malenkov himself.
Is Beria going to confess? If
not are we going to see a new
sort of Soviet trial? That is
possible but not probable.
The Moscow announcement does.
not say he has been arrested. But.
he has-been turned over to the
Supreme Court, and that prob-
ably means he will get the works.
The Beria affair is utterly fan-
tastic and made up of many puz-
But it is as clear as the face
on the Kremlin clock that
throughout the Communist world
now party members from the
highest to the lowest feel the ter-
rible hand of political horror
clutching at their necks. The enor-
mity of Beria's disgrace is an in-
escapable reminder that but for
fate they might be sitting where
he is.


as Isaac W aton wrote of nsing,"
WILLIAMS was quoted as wir- he explained. "One can analyze
ing the President: the human mind, body and theol- Dt
"Recent stories that the defense ogy using the organ as metaphor."
department intends to by-pass De- Since his organ is too large to
troit in future defense contracts be moved into the "chapel,"C
have not been satisfactorily ex- Prof. Warren must content him- C r i itel t P o es
plained. The vague denials which self with a piano, but by his ges-
have come from the Pentagon have tures, it seems that he actually
not sufficed to dispel public con- expects organ strains to emerge. WASHINGTON-(P)en. Jos- and subversion have touched off
cern. "I should like to play with three eph McCarthy (R-Wis.) made repeated controversies.
"This concern is sharpened hands and five legs. I don't even news on two fronts yesterday; the "I will accept the resignations,"
by the current announcement of mind using my nose," he said. first concerning resignations from McCarthy told reporters. "If they
a general cutback of defense "The whole body becomes a sacra- his Senate subcommittee and the don't want to take part in un-
production. At best, this will ment in playing the organ, as in second over the son-in-law of for- covering the graft and corrup-
mean lay-offs in Detroit. But a Hindu dance." mer Secretary of State Dean Ach- tion of the old Truman-Acheson
if these cut-backs should be car- More than a decade later, while eson. administration, they are, of
ried out in a discriminatory teaching at the University of Democrats angrily resigned in a course, entitled to refuse."
manner we are going to face Iowa, Prof. Warren teamed up body from the Senate Investiga- Certainly, he said, the subcom-
serious economic dislocation in with a close friend, Rene Wellek, tions subcommittee because Chair- mittee will continue to function
41. i1 +...+ .....-...a«-i....., __- *n+-_ ----r- man McTrhithy ~hadben given <r ~ e+-,_+;+1ne ~.7an


Russian Power Struggle
Predicted by Europeans


LONDON - (P) - West Euro-
pean diplomats speculated last
night that the purge of police
boss L. P. Beria had opened a na-
ked struggle for power in the
Kremlin but had not changed Rus-
sia's softer-looking foreign poli-
Most observers in the chancel-
leries of Britain and the continent
were chary of commenting on the
fall of the chilly-eyed police czar,
who presumably is doomed to be
shot as a traitor. But the first re-
actions were along these lines:
Premier Georgi Malenkov and

ciliatory gestures in foreign affairs.
What has become known as their
"peace offensive" has continued in
the last two weeks even though
Beria may have been in eclipse all
that time.
THE BOSS of the Kremlin prob-
ably will go on trying to destroy
the god-myth of Stalin. The liqui-
dation of Beria and his cronies will
be used by Malenkov to disassoci-
ate his regime from the odium of
forced labor camps and police ter-
Basile Orenkhoff. preide~nt of

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