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July 07, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-07-07

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DRAFT DEFERMENTS
See Page 4,

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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXIII, No. 115 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 7, 1953

PARTLY CLOUDY
FOUR PAGES

Rumanians,
Bulgars Riot
AgainstReds
Other Satellites

Front Line First Aid

Also Disorderly
The sea of unrest overwhelming
Soviet satellites from Berlin to
the Balkans swelled yesterday
with reparts of trouble in Ru-
mania and Bulgaria, the United
Press reports said.
According to the London Daily
Express, Rumanians who fled to
Yugoslavia said peasants had
stormed the depots of 25 collec-
tive farms near Bucharest and
seized food.

'New Proposal'
Or No Agreement
High Korean Says
By The Associated Press
A high Korean source said yesterday there could be no break in
the critical deadlock on American-South Korean conferences con-
cerning an armistice unless the U.S. offers "a new proposal."
The source, who declined to be named, told AP Correspondent
Bill Shinn the U.S. must offer "a new proposal satisfactory to Presi-
dent Rhee" and one that contains "concrete assurances" of Korean
unification.
* * , *
RHEE HAS SAID South Korea would never accept the truce ne-
gotiated at Panmunjom between the UN Command and the Commu-
nists after nearly two years of hard" *' * *
bargaining. He insists on a guaran-
tee unifying Korea. N~enru UCals
The South Korean source said
Rhee is holding out for a guar- "
antee that the United State. ROK Actions
will resume the war if a post-ar--
mistice political conference fails
in 90 days to make progress to-
The source said Rhee has re-
jected a U.S. compromise calling

STANLEY QUARTET will play at 8:30 p.m. today in Rackham
Lecture Hall. Their program includes the Fourth Quartet of Bela
Bartok, Beethoven's quartet in A major, Opus 18, No. 5, and the
Quintet in G minor of Mozart with David Ireland, violist, assist-
ing. The concert is open to the public without charge.
Red Probe To0 Oen
ro V
Oct. 26 Detroit
A return performance of Communist activities investigations cov-
ering the fields of education and labor will get under way Oct. 26 in
Detroit and probably will continue for a week.
The investigation will be conducted by the House Un-American
Activities Committee and run by Rep. Kit Clardy (R-Mich.), a com-
mittee member.
Commenting on Clardy's announcement yesterday that the group
will delve into the field of education, President Harlan H. Hatcher

World News
Roundup,
By The Associated Press
BERLIN-The Western Allies
fired off a new note to the Rus-
sians last night demanding they
lift at once martial law restrictions
which have clamped a partial
blockade on this four-power city.
FT. WORTH-A civil defense
expert said yesterday government
officials believe Russia has enough
atomic bombs to drop two on about
67 areas in the United States.
+* *s#
WASHINGTON - The State
Department told the Philippine
charge d'affairs yesterday the
United States will follow a
strictly hands off policy in the
Philippine election campaign.
TOKYO-Peiping Red radio
said yesterday Britain and Red
China signed an 84 million dollar
import-export trade agreement in
Peiping Sunday.
The broadcast, said Britain will
sell China metal and metal pro-
ducts, machines, electrical appli-
ances, chemical materials, tools,
instruments and other products.
* *.*
SAN FRANCISCO - Active
duty orders for college Air Force
ROTC graduates have been held
up temporarily pending a review
of a manpower problem, a
Fourth Air Force spokesman at
Hamilton AF base said yester-
day.
NEW YORK-Chairman Velde
(R-Ill.) of the House Un-Ameri-
can Activities Committee an-
nounced yesterday the committee
was turning its attention to "sub-
version in the field of labor."
MOSCOW-The Soviet govern-
ment newspaper Izvestia declared
yesterday the Communist party
has "crushed" all members who
tried to sow dissension and sub-
vert the unity of the party.
A lead editorial also warned that
"life will sooner or later rid it-
self" of any Soviet leader who
neglects Communist theory.
Youths Confess
To 90 Car Thefts
Three 22-year-old boys were
questioned by Ann Arbor police
yesterday after one of them said
that he had gotten the idea for
stealing cars while fighting in
Korea.
Local police said twins Herbert
and Hubert Foubare of Jackson
and James Palmer of Detroit con-
fessed to stealing 90 cars in eight
counties.
Herbert said he had concocted

said he had heard no word from
the committee concerning an in-
vestigation of the University.
President Hatcher explained
however that the University
would take the same stand on
this year's investigations as on
the Detroit hearings last spring.
In a telegram to the Velde com-
mittee last year, President Hatcher
assured willingness to cooperate
with the group "to the fullest
>extent."
s * *
THE HOUSE Committee, ac-
cording to Clardy, "intends to
paint a broad picture to show the
people of Michigan just how wide
and deep and effective the Com-
munist Party's work really is."
He said the Detroit hearings
will be available to radio and
television outlets, adding: "there
will be no interference with
publicity and blackouts such as
happened last time when the
House speaker banned radio, tel-
evision and motion pictures."
"I feel the public should know
about the Communists and see
how the committee operates so'
people will know that we are not
witch-hunters as we sometimes are
made out," he added.
Last appearance of the com-
mittee in Detroit was in 1952,
when hundreds of persons were
identified as Communists or
Communist sympathizers and
49 year old grandmother, Mrs.
Bereniece "Toby" Baldwin, re-
vealed the existence of three
Red cells in Ann Arbor.
Mrs. Baldwin will be one of the
principle witnesses in the Octobera
hearing.
Clardy said investigators al-
ready have been in Michigan this
year and will be sent back to thef
Detroit area soon.
"We expect to name people
prominent in the Communist
movement who have not beenj
mentioned before," he added. x

THE MANCHESTER Guardian
reported trouble flared in a Bul-
garian tobacco factory after So-
viet-style work methods were in-
troduced.
Workers' meetings got out of
hand and about 5,004 workers
stormed through the streets of
Plovdiv shouting anti-Commun-
ist slogans, the Guardian stated.
Reports had reached London
that workers' demonstrations forc-
ed the Bulgarian government to
repeal speed-up orders it had tried
to enforce in tobacco factories,
according to the Guardian.
AGERPRESS, Communist Ru-
manian news agency, announced
an increase in food rations. Usual-
ly such generosity behind the Iron
Curtain is viewed as a concession
by Red authorities to head off pos-
sible rebellion.
In East Germany anti-Com-
munists have promised "blood
for blood" to avenge workers
who fell before Russian and
Communist guns in the revolt
against the Red rulers of the
Soviet-occupied zone, under-
ground sources reported yester-
day.
Threats of new uprisings came
as thousands of workers were re-
ported to be continuing defiance
of Red Army tanks and combat
troops with strikes and other anti-
Communist demonstrations.
THE INFORMATION Bureau
West, a private intelligence or-
ganization based in West Berlin,
said that the walls of public build-
ings throughout East Germany
have been plastered with such
signs as "Blood for Blood" and
"We Will Rise Again.''
Flash strikes over the week end
shut down the vast Carl Zeiss op-
tical factory in Jena, as well asa
many other plants throughout
Red Germany, according to the
bureau.
Information Head
Johnson Resigns
WASHINGTON - (P) - Rob-
ert . L. Johnson has resigned as
head of the embattred U.S. in-
formation service, telling President
Eisenhower his health is breaking
under the strain of the job.
The President accepted the res-
ignation yesterday and expressed
hope that Johnson would be able
to carry on until a sweeping reor-
ganization of the information
service is put into effect early next
month.
Johnson has been in the middle
of the "book burning" controversy
which developed after Sen. McCar-
thy (R-Wis.) called for a purge of
some 30,000 books by Communists
and fellow-travelers which he said
were on the shelves of the infor-
mation libraries abroad.

Full-Scale
Mobitizing
Policy Cited,

THEY PAID-Four ROK soldiers who were wounded in recent fighting on the east central front in
Korea receive attention from a medic (left) as they sit in a jeep awaiting transportation to an aid
station a short distance from the front.

WASHINGTON - (P) -- The "And this is Sir Win
Eisenhower administration yester- abom ano erio
day announced, as its long-await- It urned out to be
ed mobilization policy, a program dent, calling to than
of industrial development-in be- dnrcisptofth
ing, or on blueprints-to support for his support ofith
time cale. ~ ~ ar istration's excess profit
military operations on full war- sition.
Homer says he was
Issued by the Office of Defense rassed."
Mobilization after clearance by
the Cabinet, the program seemed
generally to reaffirm the "broad HARDLY WET:

ston, how
n dollars,
the Presi-
k Homer,
e admin-,
ts tax po-
"embar-

Embarrassed
WASHINGTON - (P) - Rep.
Homer (R-Calif.) tells this one
on himself:
He answered the telephone
Saturday and heard a voice say
-"this is President Eisenhow-
er."

mobilization base" policy
Truman administration.
* * *

of the

IT CALLED for the plugging of
any prospective gaps in machin-
ery, tools, equipment and power,
and for the "systematic mainte-
nance" of idle plants and machines
which would be needed if an M-
Day comes.
The goal, as summarized by
ODM Director Arthur S. Flem-
ming, is: "An industrial position,
or plans for it, from which we
could move rapidly to maximum-
rates of balanced output of war
and war-supporting goods."
The statement has been expect-
ed for weeks. During the delay, in-
dustry's interest grew because of
the disclosure that Secretary of
Defense Wilson preferred a "nar-
rower" industrial base for military
production than the Truman plans
envisaged.
UNANSWERED yesterday was
the question of how ODM's new
policy declaration squares with
such curtailments as the Air
Force cancellation of contracts for
seven huge hydraulic presses, and
the anounced elimination of Hen-
ry J. Kaiser's Willow Run plant
from the C119 Flying Boxcar
transport program.
The government hopes to rely
mainly on the' normal expansion
of industry to increase the nation's
war potential, ODM said.

City Remains
Quiet over 4th
Ann Arbor police and fire de-
partment officials said the holi-
day weekend was very "quiet" and
reported no serious accidents or
fires to mar the city record.
Firecracker offenders were at a
minimum and injuries were minor
in the city.
Rain held off until late Sunday
afternoon to give Ann Arborites
pleasant weather and a peaceful'
Fourth of July.
County reports however, were
not so pleasant. Two traffic fa-
talities were added to Washte-
naw County's 1953 toll of high-
way deaths running the total
to 29. The pace this year exceeds
one death a week on county
roads.
The nation's death toll reached
434 over the holiday.
Throughout the state, death tolls
were high also. Record number of
motorists crowded highways ac-
cording to State police, with 19
fatilities reported in traffic acci-
dents.
Nine persons were drowning vic-
tims in the hot July weekend; and
at a freak accident in Marquette
a man was thrown from a carnival
thrill ride and died of a broken
neck.

Soapy Cool
To AF Head
AsSenator
LANSING - (P) - Gov. Wil-
hams was non-commitally cool
yesterday to recurrent suggestions
that Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg, re-
tired Air Force chief, might be a
candidate for U.S. senator from
Michigan in 1954.
The most recent discussion was
by Drew Pearson, nationally syn-
dicated political columnist. Pear-
son said that former President
Truman had agreed to discuss
Vadenberg's possible candidacy
with Williams.
1' * *
U.S. SENATOR Homer Ferguson
(R-Mich.) faces reelection next
year.
Williams, who has been
strongly mentioned as a candi-
date for the post himself, told
a press conference "I am in-
clined to think the Democrats
will have one or more candidates
who will take care of Mr. Fer-
guson quite amlly in 1954. Of-
course, there are some ungra-
cious enough to think Fergu-
son will take care of himself be-
fore that comes about."
The Governor said "I am sure
there are many Democrats and Re-
publicans who agree with Mr. Tru-
man that Hoyt Vandenberg is a
very excellent person, one who has
served his country well and who
has had rather summary shrift
from the present administration."
"I think," Williams said under
further questioning, "that many
would welcome Hoyt Vandenberg
in the Democratic party, but
whether as senator or as secre-
tary of state is another question."
Noting that Vandenberg had
established residence in Colorado
Springs, Colo., a reporter asked
Williams about the political pros-
pects of seeking office in another
state within a year of an election.
The governor said "electability
depends at least in part on the
close connection with a constitu-
ency.

for top-level American-South Ko-
rean diplomatic discussions to uni-
fy Korea if the political confer-
ence fails.
HE ADDED that Rhee feels the
proposal is meaningless since U.S.
Senate approval of such a plan is
not definite "and thus not concrete
assurance."
Earlier there was fresh spec-
ulation as to just how far Rhee
might carry his truce-blocking
views.
There were even unconfirmed re-
ports that when Gen. Maxwell D.
Taylor, the UN field commander,
met Sunday with U.S. advisers to
the South Korean Army they dis-
cussed what to do should Rhee
pull out his 16 divisions from Tay-
lor's command and fight on alone.
The talks were top secret.
* * *
NEGOTIATIONS between Rhee
and Walter Robertson, President
Eisenhower's special truce envoy,
were continuing for the 12th day
but no time was set for the next
meeting.
A general officer at UN Far
East Command headquarters in
Tokyo said the 78-year-old
South Korean President "is so
fanatic about unifying Korea
before he dies that Rhee is
ready to pull down everything
that we have built if he doesn't
get what he wants." The gen-
eral was not identified.
The report of the new U. S.
compromise offer came from a
South Korean source close to the
current negotiations.
But a U. S. Embassy spokes-
man in Seoul denied such an
offer had been made.
From out along the rain-drench-
ed battle line AP Correspondent
John Randolph said checks with
South Korean fighting men indi-
cated most of them would follow
orders should Rhee decide on go-
ing it alone if a truce was signed
which he opposed.
*' * *
MEANWHILE heavy fighting
broke out on rain-soaked Central
and Western Korean fronts yes-
terday as Chinese Reds swarmed
to the attack in ankle-deep mud
to end a two-day lull in the war,
Both sides threw fresh troops in-
to the battle yesterday morning.
Word from Pusan said the 14,-
000-ton American freighter Corn-
husker Mariner with 45 crew mem-
bers aboard went aground outside
the Pusan breakwater early yes-
terday and was reported in dan-
ger of breaking up.

AGRA, India - () - Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru said
yesterday that South Korea's at-
titude on an armistice culd sprea
the fighting into a world war.
Nehru addressed an audience of
15,000 at the opening of a two-day
policy conference of a 404-member
committee of his governing Con-
gress party.
s * s
THE CONFERENCE followed by
one day a demand by the party's
Executive Committee for an early
meeting of the United Nations
General Assembly and a big power
conference to take up the Korean
question. Conference delegats
Monday unanimously approved
the Executive Committee's Korean
resolution.
Simultaneously In London,
Britain served notice it also fa-
vors recalling the General As-
sembly Into session If South
Korean President Syngman Rhee
rejects terms of a Korean truce.
At UN headquarters in Ne
York, U.S. spokesman restated
their opposition to an early As-
sembly session. They said they
feel that President Eisenhower's
special envoy, Walter Robertson
and Rhee should have full oppor.
tunity to work out an agreement.
* * s
NEHRU TOLD his party audi-
ence that in the event of a world
war, India will keep aloof and try
her best to restore peace. However,
he added, no country could remain
unaffected by a general war.
Eleven days before his party
Executive Committee took its
stand on the Korean question,
Nehru himself called for the UN
Assembly to reconvene to take up
the matter.
The Indian Prime Minister said
yesterday that Rhee's release of
Korean War prisoners had "made
the prospects of peace more re-
mote. However, Nehru empressed
the hope that "in spite of what
South Korea has done, peace will
eventually come to that devastated
country."
Bright Peace
Hopes Seen
By Stevenson
ROME - () - Adlai Stevenson,
nearing the end of a world tour,
expressed conviction last night
that there are "brighter prospects
of peace than the war."
The 1952 Democratic presiden-
tial candidate said that as the re-
sult of a basicly correct postwar
foreign policy of "assistance and
persistance . .. it seems to me we
are reaping a harvest from pa-
tience, firmness and sacrifice,"
Smiling and cheerful despite
months of arduous travel in dis-
tant lands, Stevenson, in a news
conference took a verbal slap at
Scn. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis.
and hinted he would have more
to say on the subject when he
returns to the U. S.
Aides said Stevenson is serious-
ly considering devoting one of his
nation-wide television addresses
back home to McCarthy's influ-
ence on U. S. diplomacy and her
foreign allies.
An Italian reporter asked Stev-
enson his opinion of the Italian
population in his home state of
Illinois.
Said Stevenson: "They're won-
derful-all Demncrats"

Youth Unimpressed A fter First Session with Weed

::
,

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