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July 04, 1953 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1953-07-04

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See Page 2


Latest Deadline in the State

D43a 11





iw i i iu i

Rhee Stand
In Speech
U.~S. Envoy Still
Tries fo6r Accord
SEOUL-(P)-President , Syng-
man Rhee vowed yesterday his
nation "will never abandon half-
way" the struggle against Com-
munist aggression even though
the U. S. made it clear it could
not guarantee to resume the Ko-
rean War if post-war peace ef-
forts fail.
Despite this impasse, President
Eisenhower's special envoy, Wal-
ter S. Robertson, continued ef-
forts to gain Rhee's support for
an immediate cease-fire with the
Reds on terms already agreed at
Panmunjom. Rhee has rejected
those terms as a "death warrant"
to his country.
* * *
AN EIGHTH meeting between
the two probably will be held some-
time today but the hour was not
There were indications from
some South Korean sources that
Rhee was almost convinced that
Eisenhower could not guarantee
U. S. resumption of the war, aft-
er 90 days of a post-armistice
political conference. These Kor-
ean squrces indicated Rhee may
eventually give in on the de-
But these reports were at de-
cided variance with other truce
sources who said Rhee was stub-
bornly insisted he must have such
a guarantee if he is to accept to
an armistice.
to negotiate with Rhee it appeared
the U. S. was Tunning out of pa-
tience with the adamant stand of
the Korean leader. The envoy was
due to return to Washington
shortly although a Seoul source
said no departure plans "have yet
been made."
There were growing indica-
tions in Seoul that the UN Cor-
mand may continue to seek
Rhee's adherence to a truce only
until the Communists agree to
set the date for an armistice
Thus far there has been no for-
mal Red reply to a proposal by
Gen. Mark Clark, UN commander,
Jlast Monday that a date be set
for signing the truce.
It seemed almost certain that if
the Red high command should' de-
cide to set a signing date, the U. S.
would tell Rhee the time had come
when he must decide to join in the
cease-fire or go it alone.
Rhee said in, an impassioned
Fourth of July message to the
American people that his nation
"will never abandon the struggle
halfway." He called upon the U. S.
to stay with him in fighting the
Communists to final victory and
said his ROKs Republic of Korea
troops "will keep fighting and
* * *
Chinese Reds
Win Several
Key Positions

SEOUL - (AP) - Chinese Reds
shattered South Korean bunkers
on Lookout Mountain with a dev-
astating, U. S. style artillery bar-
rage yesterday, then seized the
key Eastdrn Front once more.
Only 12 hours earlier, the Re-
public of Korea 3rd Division had
stormed and captured the 1,600-
foot height, which dominates the
valleys to the south where sup-"
plies are fed into Allied lines.
THEY NEVER succeeded, how-!
ever, in driving the Chinese from!
the north slope. As dusk came'
on, the big Communist guns began
to open up, blasting the bunkers
on the ridge line.

Labor Boss
Policies Hit
Detroit Record
Cood: Ferguson
By The Associated Press
Congressional investigator Rep.
Hoffman (R-Mich.) charged yes-
terday "the ruthless drive for pow-
er" of a Kansas City teamsters'
boss had slowed down defense pro-
duction and imperiled the lives of
soldiers fighting in Korea.
Meanwhile Sen. Homer Fergu-
son (R-Mich.), home on a holiday, k
said that the Detroit area had the
lowest delinquency rating tardi-
ness in filling contracts of any
major defense producing section.
* * * T









NEW CHIEF-Gen. Nathan Twining (left) laughs with his prede-
cessor as air chief of staff, Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg (center) and
Air Secretary Harold B. Talbot after he was sworn into office in
a capitol ceremony at Washington. Vandenberg was retired in a
full dress ceremony earlier in the day at Bolling Field.

Soviet Supply Line
Cut Off by Poles
BERLIN--(")-Polish partisans have cut a Soviet supply line and
alarmed Russian authorities are rushing tanks from East Germany to
Poland, reports reaching West Berlin early today said.
The West Berlin newspaper Telegraf said demonstrations have
broken out in Poland and that several persons have been killed in
clashes with Soviet troops.
THE TELEGRAF also said several Soviet troop units have been
pulled out of East Germany because they proved unreliable in conflicts
with German rioters and have been replaced by new units rushed
from the Soviet Union.
Accumulating reports trickling through the Iron Curtain indi-
cated that the bloody revolt which swept East Germany June 17
may have spread to Russia's neighboring satellite.
*> * *
The Northwest German radio
broadcast accounts from refug eesI VuA- . Ann i 'mw nu u w

Potter Joins in Attack
WASHINGTON--M)-Sen. Potter (R-Mich.) said yesterday that,
on the basis of information he now has, he thinks J. B. Matthews
should not be retained as staff director of the Senate investigations-
A controversy within the sub-committee, headed by Sen. Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis.), was touched off Thursday when the three Demo-
cratic members accused Matthews of "a shocking and unwarranted
attack against the American clergy."
* * * *
THEY CITED an articles Matthews wrote for the July issue of the
American Mercury magazine asserting that "the largest single group
Jsupporting the Communist appar-
atus in the United States today is
composed of Protestant clergy-



REP. HOFFMAN said he intend-
ed to ask national AFL officials,
"to end this gangsterism" or if
they fail to act would demand Con-
gressional intervention.w
Hoffman made his charges in
a statement read before a special'
Congressional subcommittee in-
vestigating labor strife in the -Daily-Chuck Ritz
He pointed the finger at Orville * * *
L. Ring, president of teamsters lo-
cal 541 as being responsible for O k e nTL e in S treet
a strike which has halted con-

escaping to this Weslern outpostj E aJ1
that 12 Soviet trains carrying war
reparations from East Germany-
to Russia had been halted atSs
Frankfurt-on-Oder at the Polish
* * *ed
POLISH rail authorities ex-
plained that Polish partisans had
cut rail lines to Brest-Litovsk and BERLIN-OP)--An East German
that the reparations trains must Communist leader admitted pub-
wait for rerouting via Stettin, the licly last night that his people are
bioadcast said.
fed up over being bombarded con-
The U. S. State Department's stantly with Red propaganda.
German language paper Neue He demanded that East German
Zeitung reported last night that newspaeranadio Esationsgiv
the same Soviet tanks which the people a little real news and
rumbled into East Berlin June entertainment for a change.
t1 t at rn t~ at /a

. .. lectures Monday
* * *
To ive Talk
On Grammar
"Common sense grammar," a
highly controversial topic among
English teaching circles will be
discussed by Joseph C. Blumen-
thal, Head of the English Depart-
ment of Mackenzie High School

McCarthy promptly pointed
out that the article also declared
"it hardly needs to be said that
the vast majority of American
Protestant clergymen are loyal
to the free institutions of this
The three Democratic senators
on the subcommittee, McClelland
of Arkansas, Symington of Mis-
souri and Jackson of Washington,
asked that the group be called to-
gether as soon as possible "to con-
sider appropriate action." McCar-
thy said a meeting probably will
be held Tuesday.
* * *
POTTER, ONE of the four GOP
members of the investigating unit,
went a step beyond the Demo-
crats in saying that "my personal
opinion, with the facts I now have,
is that Matthews should not re-
main on the committee staff."
He said he had not read the en-
tire article but had seen news ac-
counts of it.
11MW .Fund
Ruled Taxable

struction in this area for almost
two months. He said Ring's policy
was "rule or ruin" in his attempt
to control other unions in his drive
for power.
SENATOR Ferguson in Detroit
said that in talks he has had with
Air Secretary Talbott and Deputy
Defense Secretary Kyes, they in-
formed him that they knew of no1
further contract cancellations. I
The ordnance rating for De- .
troit and area was 1.5 per cent.
The air force rating was 8.3.
Both were low as compared with
factual, not paper, schedules
"Talbott told me that they in-
tend to let the subcontracts run
as they are and he knew of no
other pending cuts," said Fergu-
"The facts will come out at
Thursday's conference," he added,
referring to a conference in Wash-
ington between labor, government
and Air Secretary Talbott, that he
and Michigan junior senator Pot-
ter had arranged.
Ferguson quoted ordnance and
air force figures showing that the
j influx of defense contracts into
the Detroit area had not stopped.
Delay Willow
Run Rent HikeI
The Public Housing Adminis-
tration in Washington announced
yesterday that a rent raise for fed-
eral housing units in Willow Run
Village has been postponed until
Nov. 1.
Previously set for Sept. 1, PHA
officials granted at least a 60-day
delay because of protests from
laid-off Kaiser Motors Corp. em-j
Rents now ranging from $25.50
to $34 per month will receive a
flat $3 per month increase in the
3,000 units in the Village.

Widening, Resurfacing
Students attending the Summer Session may have noticed a bar-
ren look last week in the three block area on S. University between
E. University and Washtenaw Ave.
The reason was that workmen were well underway with a $40,000
street widening and resurfacing project. Trees had been removed,
the land surveyed and the groundwork was done.
* * * * .
TODAY, workmen are busy setting the curb back four and one
half feet on the south side and three and one half feet on the north
side from their original positions. Purpose of the project is to elim-
inate the prevalent congestion. Completion date has been set for
September 10.
While this widening project is being completed another will
take place on Washtenaw Ave. Between Forest and Tuomy Rd.
Within 10 days residents along Washtenaw Ave. will find the State
Highway Department tree-cutters at work. The road will be 38


RUSSIAN troops stationed on
the German side of the border
crossed the river frontier to quell
the riots, these reports said. The
broadcast said the rioters plun-
dered Communist food stores and
stormed a cinema showing a Rus-
sian film.
There were no late reports to
indicate whether the riots were
still on.

Analyzing the reasons for the
East German revolt, Ebert as-
sailed the press and radio for
contributing to this unrest.
"When the people work all day
in the heat and come home at
night," he said, "they want light
music and good entertainment-
not an entire evening of political
speeches on the radio."
Ebert's speech obviously was part
of the Communists' new campaign
to convince rebellious East Ger-
mans that the party has reformed.

17 to eat down the Last Ger-
man revolt were being rushed
t9 the Polish border. THIS AMAZING departure from
the Communist party line was
Refugee reports broadcast by voiced by Friedrich Ebert, mayor
the Northwest German radio said of East Berlin. His address to 800
the riots flared in the Polish see- miners at Gera-one of the trouble
tion of Frankfurt-on-Oder and in centers in the June 17 riots-was
Kuestrin and several other Polish reported in detail by the Com
border towns last week end. munist news agency ADN.

feet wide at the completion of the
Judge Gives.
Hall Others
Prison, Fines
HONOLULU - (P) - Federalj
Judge Jon Wiig yesterday sen-
tenced longshore leader Jack Hall;
and five co-defendants to five
years in prison and fined each $5,-j
000 in the Hawaii Communist con- I
spiracy case.

e project in November.
After months of debating in theI
City Council, a compromise withk
cf f rrc-n r trof vnl -n h r

None of

the reports could be
officially. But Allied
said they had reliablel

iti Detroit before the Conference WASHINGTON - (P) - Incomej
of English Teachers Monday in earned by investments from the
Auditorium C, Angell Hall. United Mine Workers' 90 million
A good part of Blumenthal's dollar welfare fund has been ruled
speech will be devoted to develop- taxable, it was reported yester-
ing what he considers "a sensible day.
and realistic attitude on the part dy
of the teacher toward the teaching The ruling, by the Internal Rev-
of grammar and usage, including enue Bureau, was reported also to
as many practical and specific sug- have reaffirmed previous policy
gestions as possible." that pensions and other benefits

state en~gineers waslillailY ieacleU information that a group of Soviet
in May to widen the avenue four tanks left East Berlin Thursday I
feet. The State had proposed an an headed "in a northeasterly!W eatherm en
eight feet project, requiring thediaind ."ianotesee n n
removal of 160 trees. Citizens be-I Some of 321 refugees reachingnPro nosticate
gan a "save the trees project" Woes Beli y2eteyso seaidg TO R S 0
whichwresultedmineaneagreement toig
whavh alleuted0 in tnegreemen. Russian tanks headed toward the
save all but 30 of the trees. Polish border, 50 miles away. H ot Fourth
THE COST of-the widening will If they were sent to Poland,
be $193,000 and will be divided by there' must be menacing trouble
the city and the state. Ann Ar- there. An old-fashioned hoteFourth
bor's share is 22/2 per cent or Ever since East Germany erupt- July has been predicted by
about $43,000. ed in strikes and riots 16 days ago, weather bureau for today
In order to expedite traffic in rumors have trickled into West Generally warmer with temp(
other sections of the city as well Berlin of similar disorders in Po- atures ranging into the high 8
as on Washtenaw, plans have been land and Czechoslovakia. and no showers is today's foreca
formulated to widen E. Huron and (A United Press Berlin dispatch Tomorrow's weather will be pa
N. Main. Tree-conscious citizens said that Polish soldiers and civil- ly cloudy with early showers j
once again protested the plans to ians were reported to have clashed in time to catch weekend travel
remove some of the trees but to with Russian troops in the strip returning home.
no avail, as 23 trees will be re- of East Germany handed over to * * *
moved on Huron. Poland after the war.) CITY police predicted a qu
day in Ann Arbor, broken only
d-11T'W TTTrrTf"Tf 1 T A ATU r a few noisy firecrackers, since

According to Blumenthal this
realistic attitude consists of a posi-
tive rather than a negative ap-
proach to the English language,
the abolition of diagramming as
an instrument of teaching gram-
mar, and the de-emphasis of the
value of grammatically identifying
and classifying words.

paid out of the fund to nearly a
million coal miners and their fam-
ilies are subject to income taxes.
More than 500 million dollarsj
has been paid out in benefits since
the fund was set up in 1948, but
the new ruling was reported to
be aimed chiefly at income earned
by the fund.

A seventh defendant, Mrs. Ei-
leen Jujimoto, the only woman in
the case, was given a lesser sen-
tence of three years imprisonment
and a fine of $2,000. Judge Wiig
doubled the bail of each defend-
ant from $7,500 to $15,000.
They vere convicted June 19 of
conspiring to teach and advocate!

1 of

MIN y r;zv ulv PLAIN N :

Oil Tycoon Works on Golden Rule

violent overthrow of the United
States government.
Before the sentences were im-
posed each defendant denied any
guilt. Hall, regional director of the
International Longshoremen~'s and
Warehousemen's"Union,told the
"I have no sense of guilt. I knowE
that I am not guilty of such a
charge. The prosecution well
knows that I was not a member
of the Communist party when they
got their indictment and they
know that I am not now."
G d


NEA Urges Teachers
A nswier Investigators

"Any progress I ever made in
business was forced on me by my
cmmnauipfbibc 1avnlairiAiT y l.


competitors,- explained Hmarry B.
U. S. advisers with the ROKs Earhart, former Chairmarn of the
said they believed the Red gun- Board of Directors of White Star
ners unleashed at least two Refining Co.
deadly time-on-target barrages, The octogenarian, now living on
a technique worked out by U. S. Geddes Road, recalled his days
frtll~rv by hich all th fh .lk Iifn the oil hbusiness."With the kid-

THIS WAS in 1910, the time1
when the large oil companies were
still powerful and conducted their
business almost unchecked. The
White Star Co. struggled along
with two employes during that
first year. There was a man in
the factory, a stenographer, and
Earhart who acted in the mul-

was that if and when any White
Star man reached an impasse that,
with the kidding cut out, he was
unable to solve, the White Star
group would give him any aid nec-
essary to solve the problem."
* * *

tional Education Association called
upon school teachers yesterday to
testify "fully and frankly" when-
ever they are summoned before
legislative investigative bodies.
A resolution adopted unanimous-
ly at the convention of the 520,-
000-member NEA said investiga-
tions should always be conducted
with safeguards for constitutional
rights of individual citizens.
But it urged educators to an-
swer all questions put to them.

Other resolutions adopted:
1-Recommended minimum sal-
ary scales for teachers ranging
from $3,600 to $8,200.
2-Urged raising the compul-
sory school attendance age to 18.
3-Proposed voting rights for
4-Declared that the Federal
Government "has a shared re-
sponsibility with state and local
communities to assure adequate4
educational opportunities for all."
5-Urged development of educa-

official festivities have been plan-
Top feature in a parade sched-
uled to begin at 11 a.m. today in
Ypsilanti is a huge American
flag, 80 feet long and 39 feet
wide, carried by 40 boys and
girls from recreational centers
in Ypsilanti.
The three and one half mile
long parade, sponsored by the
American Legion, will march down
Congress St., directed and coordi-
nated along the way by six trans-
mission receiver units.
Michigan Secretary of State
Owen J. Cleary will serve as pa-
rade marshall.
Included in the 59 unit parade
are antiquated automobiles from
all over the country, an ultra-
futuramic plastic car, 13 floats,

EARHART, a first cousin oncefD e
removed of Amilia Earhart, spent l
his earlv life in Krns C'itv. a.




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