G&S WORKING LIFE
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXHII, No. 31-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1953
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GOP Leadership Set
WASHINGTON-(P)-A test of strength among Senate
Republicans appeared last night to have assured Sen. William F.
Knowland of California the post of majority leader left vacant
by the death of Sen. Taft of Ohio.
At the same time, it was learned that Sen. Homer Ferguson
of Michigan is in line to succeed Knowland as chairman of the
GOP Senate Policy Committee.
This slate emerged from an unsuccessful effort by a small
group of Republicans led by Sens. Bridges of New Hampshire
to delay election of new leaders slated for today.
Knowland, who has been acting leader, did not vote and
Bridges was absent, as the policy committee unanimously upheld
previous plans for the election by all Republican Senators today.
AMBULANCES AND TROOP CARRIERS LINE UP AT MUNSAN FOR OPERATION BIG SWITCH
* * * * * *son*
POWs on Freedom Road
' By The Associated Press
Allied Red Cross workers wen
behind the "Bamboo Curtain,
yesterday to comfort United Na-
tions prisoners of war assembling
for the massive POW exchang
which opens today.
First stop for the 30-membe
mercy team bearing "comfori
packages" on its tour of POW
camps was Kaesong, northwest o
a the exchange point of Panmun-
* * *
MEANWHILE reports from
Seoul said Secretary of State
Dulles' arrival in Korea for five
days of important post-armistice
conferences with President Syng-
man Rhee was delayed more than
12 hours yesterday.
The delay in the flight by the
Aleutian route apparently was
caused by bad weather.
The top armistice ruling body,
the joint Military Armistice Com-
mission, called its seventh confer-
ence las night.
The organization has been
striving since the guns ceased
firing to get the full truce ma-
chinery into operation,
Dulles and Rhee will talk over
plans for joint action at the
post-armistice political conference,
which is scheduled to start no
later than Oct. 26. They also will
talk over details of a security pact
similar to one in effect between
the United States and the Philip-
THE Red Cross workers started
out from Panmunjom in Russian
For the Allied team it was the
first noncombat glimpse of North
Korea since the outbreak of the
Korean War three years ago.
The teams is to distribute pack-
ages to the 12,763 Allied prisoners
to be exchanged, including 3,313
IN PANMUNJOM, Communist
4 Correspondent Wilfored Burchett
said the first group of Allied pris-
oners reached Kaesong from far,
northwest Korea Sunday and that
they included "a goodly number
Presumably, those prisoners,
who will be the first to reach
freedom today are wounded and '
sick. The armistice terms pro-
vide that ailing POWs will be
the first exchanged.
The Communist Red Cross work-
ers, dressed in light grey uniforms
flew from Panmunjom to Seoul,
where they boarded larger trans-
port planes for the flight to far
South Korea. There they will visit1
74,000 Red Korean and Chinese
prisoners in Allied stockades.
TWENTY truckloads of supplies,
totaling 52,000 pounds, rolled up
t past Panmunjom for transfer to
Communist trucks.'These Red
Cross boxes will be transported by
the Reds to Allied prisoner camps.
The Communists sent down
Flares in Laosa
HANOI, Indochina-French of-
ficials reported yesterday serious
fighting had broken out again in
the Indohina Kingdom of Laos,
which was invaded last spring by
French warplanes roared into
Laos, attacking Vietninh centers
near the town of Ban Ban, ac-
truckloads of supplies for their
.* * *
A PACIFIC typhoon was boiling
near Iwa Jima on a northward
path toward Japan. Stormy weath-
er gripped much of-the North Pa-
The Far East Air Forces in To-
kyo announced that the plane car-
rying Dulles and other high offi-
cials had left Shemya Island in
the Aleutians at 5:47 p.m.
The announcement followed an
extensive check after concern had
mounted because the Dulles' plane
was overdue at Seoul and no word
had been received of the delay.
Meanwhile in Washington the
White House said late yesterday
"there is no intention whatever of
using American combat units as
labor troops in Korea."
The White House statement fol-
lowed published reports that Pres-
ident Eisenhower had approved a
plan to rebuild war wrecked South
Korea into a show window of the
free world by using American
troops in the work of rehabilita-
The White House said the re-
building aid would be technical
Ike on Radio
WASHINGTON - OP) - Pres-
ident Eisenhower will address
the nation by radio between
8:30 and 9 p.m. Thursday.
His address will be carried
over the four major radio net-
works and portions will be
filmed for television and news-
The White House said the
President will discuss the rec-
ord of the Administration and
the accomplishments of the
Earlier yesterday the White
House announced that Ike had
decided not to make his recom-
mendations for changes in the
Taft-Hartley Labor Law at this
session of Congress.
SEATTLE -- (P) -- President
Eisenhower and top White House
aides arrived here in Seattle last
night on a flying visit to the 45th,
annual Governors Conference.
Today Eisenhower is scheduledI
to make an informal speech to the
governors at a roundtable discus-
sion on natural resources, then fly
back to the nation's capitol.
Addressing the conference last
night, Secretary of the Treasury
Humphrey defended what he
called the Republican adminis-
tration's "honest dollar" policy.
Democrats had another phrase
for it. In the words of Michigan's
Gov. G. Mennen Williams, they
called it a "hard-to-get-money"
policy and hinted broadly it might
lead to an economic depression.
Stoddard, ousted as .president of
the University of Illinois, says the
school may find a period of peace
but it "could be a peace of the
Stoddard struck back at his crit-
ics yesterday in a nine-page state-
ment terming the ouster of Pro-
£vost Coleman R. Griffith "brutal."
* * *
HERE IS Stoddard's comment
on matters presumed as having
contributed to the trustees' lack of
confidence in the University's ad-
ministration: 1) That the late
Bishop James A. Griffin of Spring-
field, a Roman Catholic prelate,
charged Stoddard's writings show-
ed him to be "godless."
Stoddard said "Mr. Livingston
and the other trustees supported
me in this conflict, and finally
the late bishop appeared to be
2) The University depended up-
on "flunking out" many students
each year to keep the student body
to a manageable size, "completely
false," he said.
3) Rep. Ora Dillavou charged
there were "50 reds, pinks and so-
cialists" on the University staff
in 1949. Stoddard asserted Dilla-
you "could not find' one."
4) Stoddard had a "feud" with
State Sen. Peter Miller over a
$617,000 bill which Roy Warner, at
Chicago contractor and friend of
Miller charged was owed him for1
building a women's dormitory. i
Stoddard said his challenges(
of Warners' charges resulted in
a saving of $328,000.
5) The dispute over the contro-i
versial cancer drug, krepiozen,<
which esulted in a rift with Dr.X
Andrew Ivy, University vice-pres-1
By The Associated Press
Protest strikes blazed up in East
Germany's largest industries yes-
terday as 225,000 Communist Ger-
man troops and police held ofr the
hungry nation at gunpoint f rom
free American food.
Enraged workers, beater back
with clubs and rifle bAts from
Berlin-bound trains Fanday, went
on sitdowns and Slowdowns yes-
terday in big psits producing gas-
oline, rubhbr, steel, and chemicals
for the Soviet war economy.
* * *
THE RUSSIAN zone boiled with
unrest, apparently needing only a
spark to explode into another June
The Soviet Army, 300,000
strong, continued on a riot alert
that had never been relaxed even1
after martial law was lifted July
11. Tank forces were redeployed
during the week *of July 12-18
so as-to-beready to-seize control
of key German cities on a mo-
A confidential Allied summary
of Sunday's widespread disturb-
ances estimated 50,000 East Ger-
mans demonstrated against the
Red blockade of American food re-
AT LEAST 600 arrests were
made. Many men and women were
beaten by police.
But in West Berlin, the vast
giveaway of American food con-
tinued yesterday with 150,000
East Berliners getting food par-
cels. Only 5,000 Soviet zone resi-
dents were able to filter through
the Communist armed ring
around the city.
In eight days, 1,350,000 parcels
have been distributed, furnished
by a 15 million dollar gift from the
Unless the Communist blockade
is dropped, however, the relief pro-
gram may never reach millions of
the hungriest Germans in Soviet
MEANWHILE two Poles who
fled into West Germany yester-
day said the Russians had to take
military action this summer
against the Polish resistance.
ers of Premier Mohammed Mossa-
degh, reinforced by members of
the outlawed Communist (Tudeh)
Party, swamped the opposition yes-
terday in a plebiscite he called to
determine the fate of Iran's rump
An official announcement said
incomplete returns showed a vote
f 142,341 favoring Mossadegh's
proposal to dissolve the Majis,1
ower house of. parliament, in con-
trast with only 67 opposed.
' Information concerning the ef-
fect of the new AFROTC cutback
on University students is not ex-
pected until later this week, a
campus Air Force Spokesman said
Direct result of the recent Air
Force budget slash, the cut will
strike at Air Force Trainees who
cannot qualify for flight training.
body was flown home yesterday,
and will be buried today in a new
It will be the first to be com-
mitted to the new grounds at the
Indian Hill Church, just outside
An Army military plane flew the
body into this city following serv-
ices. held in Washington.
Several hundred persons were
at Greater Cincinnati airport to
meet the plane.
Robert A. Taft Jr., and his wife,
along with Lloyd B. Taft, another
son, and his wife, emerged from
the plane and entered private au-
Jack Martin, long-time execu-
tive to the senator, then came
out and the group went to down-
town Cincinnati. There the cas-
ket was, placed on view, with
the lid still sealed, as it had been
It was Cincinnati's last chance
to give respect to "Mr. Republican"
and a crowd was waiting when the
body arrived from the airport.
Today a private funeral service
will be held.
STUDENTS WHO have com-
pleted their second and third years
of training are expected to be hit
hardest, an announcement by As-
sistant Secretary of Defense in
charge of manpower, John A.
Hannah said last week.
The spokesman offered no es-
timate as to the number of Uni-
versity candidates that will be
effected, but local speculation
put the total at 30 or:40 seniors
to be dropped from 116 seniors,
Trainees released from the AF-
ROTC will have a good chance of
retaining their deferred draft
status if a recommendation made
by Hannah to that effect is adopt-
ed by the Selective Service.
AFROTC official pointed out
there is no law preventing the
transfer of men to the Army or
Navy ROTC, but this could be
done only if there is need. At pres-
ent, both branches have "pretty
full quotas," he said.
* * *
ON THE national level, the re-
duction may eliminate nearly half
the 13,000 students who would
have been eligible for commis-
says that in all the fuss over
his shortened skirts an import-
ant subject has been overlooked.
He's done away with corsets.
"Fore the first time I have done
away with corsets even for
dance, dresses," he said in an.
article for the Paris Press.
"I have often heard men com-
plain, that in dancing, they
couldn't feel a living form under
REP. ROBERT SECREST THOMAS BURKE MICHAEL
... one of these men may replace Taft as Senator from Ohio
NO 'DESK HEROES' WANTED:
sions as second
Schools will b
shortly after t
process will begin
pected to go fir'
will rate consider
gineers will be i
Local student o
the cutback was
said "this is a ji
view of the wast
going on in the go
will help the net
I am for it."
by the cut said
"wasted a lot of tir
ing I will never u
"The only decer
is that I can get
without being dr
ing to be a desk3
Dean E. Blythe
Law School has be
a consultant to the
ference on admini
to determine the
ing these rules as
by Judge E. Barre
the U. S. Court of
District of Columb
was appointed on
dation of Judge F
Tax Revision Bill
Sent to President
Congress completed its first ses-
sion and went home last night.
The House had quit at 10:07
p.m. The Senate followed, suit at
11:39 p.m. after a speech by Sen.
Morse (Ind.-Ore.) had threaten-
ed to prolong the proceedings.
THE OFFICIAL windup time for
a f; the Senate was 11 p.m.
The Senate actually quit at
DISALLE 12:39 a.m., daylight time, but
under the adjournment resolu-
tion could not run beyond 12
midnight daylight time.
The clerks, therefore, moved the
clock hands back so that they did
not run past midnight.
THE SPEECH by Morse attack-
ing the Eisenhower administra-
lieutenants next teon's power policy delayed ad-
nournment for more than an hour
after all legislative business had
e notified, and been transacted.
he weeding-out He had a 41-page prepared
n. Priority is ex- address, but cut it short, putting
st to pilots and big sections of it in the Con-
lying specialists gressional Record without read-
ration next. En- ing them.
ncluded in this Many of the senators left as
Morse began to talk.
adi Only about a dozen were on
pinion egardg handfor the final gavel. The Sen-
varied. One man ate does not require a prescribed
ustified move in number for adjournment.
e that has been * *
vernment. If this MORSE SAID that a group of
N administration senators had planned to keep the
Senate in session all night with a
t, likely to be hit series of speeches criticizing the
he felt he had new Republican administration.
me getting train- He was to make the leadoff
se. speech, Morse said, with others
nt thing about it to follow and "dramatize the is-
through school sues."
afted-or learn- Before he could get the floor,
hero." Morse said, he discovered that
most of his senatorial colleagues
had already put their speeches in
N a ?ied the record or left the city.
IN ADJOURNING until next
onfab Jan. 6, the House acted on an
agreement with the Senate on a
resolution for a sine die adjourn-
Stason of the ment-that is, adjournment when
en appointed by it had completed its legislative
Eisenhower as business.
president's con- Its last act was to accept a
istrative proced- Senate amendment to an omni-
bus tax revision bill and send
was established the measure to the White House.
e feasibility of The bill contains a section de-
rules for federal signed to close a loophole used by
ncies and draft- some movie stars and others -to
far as is feas- escape income taxes.
THE HOUSE broke into song
will be chaired while standing by for Senate ad-
tt. Prettyman of journment earlier in the evening.
Appeals in the It had a half-hour session of high-
ia. Dean Stason spirited solos and choruses.
the recommen- AIn a final sweep to close Con-
Prettyman. gressional books for the year the
lawmakers completed action on
a series of "must" bills and sent
them to the White House for the
The list included:
m1. Senate passage, by voice vote,
111of a trimmed-down version of the
Already approved by the House,
dollars of the the measure now goes to the White
c Energy Com- House.
nstruction pro- The new money is some 3 bil-
ons and priori- lion less than former President
h modifications, f Truman requested and about
sts for military 900 million less than President
fleet of tankers Eisenhower called the "honest
minimum" needed to combat the
ogram designed spread of communism.
gdaprodeigned 2. Senate approval of a House-
nd appropriated passed bill providing $1,086,000;000
program. for operation of the State, Com-
Dr reconstruc- merce and Justice Departments in
ssion of Com- the current fiscal year.
he Reciprocal 3. Senate passage, by voice vote,
for additional of a 1-year extension of the Re-
will b held
ISEEDS OF BATTLE LIE IN SHUNTED-OFF ISSUES:
Lawmakers Rebuff Ike in Finale of Congressional Sessii
WASHINGTON - P) - The Republican-controlled 83rd Con-'
gress, first to serve under a GOP president in more than 20 years,
adjourned its first session last night with a final rebuff to President
The lawmakers' rejection of the President's belated request for
a boost in the national debt limit may force them to reconvene in the
fall. Otherwise they won't meet again until next Jan. 6.
* * * *
CONGRESSIONAL leaders didn't rule out the possibility of a
special session, but they considered it a remote one.
Although the Congress accomplished much in its seven months
of sessions, the seeds of major battles lie in many of the legisla-
tive proposals shunted off until next year.
These include statehood for Hawaii and Alaska, revisions of the
excess profits tax due to have expired on June 30 of this year.
Took no action on a bill to reduce individual income taxes effective
July .1, 1953. Passed and sent to the President a bill ending the
federal tax on admission to movies.
FINANCE GENERALLY: The House passed, at the President's re-
quest, a bill to raise the national debt limit from 275 billion dollars
to 290 billions; the Senate Finance Committe killed the bill. The
House Post Office Committee shelved a bill, requested by thhe Presi-
dent, to increase post al rates; there was no Senate action.
* * * .*
NATIONAL DEFENSE: Appropriated 34% billion
Defense Department and one billions to the Atomi<
mission. Authorized a new military public works co
gram. Extended the President's power to fix allocati
ties and to expedite defense contracts. Extended, witl
the law permitting the drafting of doctors and denti
service. Passed bills designed to build up a reserve2
and a larger merchant marine.
INTERNATIONAL: Extended the foreign-aid pr(
to help non-Communist nations resist communism ai
6 billion dollars in new funds to pay the cost of the
Authorized the President to spend 200 million fo
tion in South Korea. Unanimously voted against admi
munist China to the United Nations. Extended t
Trade Agreement Act for one year. Defeated a bill f
SOCIAL SECURITY: Put off until next year action on a presiden-
tial request, repeated at the session's end, for broadening of social
security coverage. Took no action to prevent a scheduled increase of
% of 1 per cent in social security payments of individuals and em-
ployers starting next Jan. 1.