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August 01, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-08-01

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I..

TAFT'S DEATH
See Page 2

Latest Deadline in the State

:4)att

SHOWERS, CLOUDY

VOL. LXIII, No. 30-S

r

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 1, 1953

FOUR PAGES

wmmmmmlm

Nation

Mourns

Death

of

Sen.

Robert

Taft

* *

C.'

Russian Protests
ejecte by US
State Dept. Says Plane Incident
Occurred South of Combat Border
By The Associated Press
The State Department said yesterday the United States will reject
a Russian protest about the shooting down of a Soviet passenger
plane near the Chinese-Korean border-on the ground that the plane
actually was south of the border in the Korean combat area.
Moscow announced last night a note hadbeen sent to the United
* States asserting that U. S. fighter planes. attacked a Soviet aircraft
with 21 passengers and crew aboard when it was near the town of

Communist
Police Seize

Relief Food

BERLIN - () - Communist
police, seized 100 tons of U.S.-fi-
nanced food from needy East Ger-
mans heading home from West
Berlin and distributed it yester-
day to Soviet zone welfare insti-
tutions as "Soviet aid."
The seizures, the first mass con-
fiscation of the week, were con-
centrated in six Soviet zone sub-
urbs around Berlin.
* * *
EAST BERLIN police sent con-
fiscated American food packages
to 'a warehouse on Gustav Adolf
Strasse, in Weissensee borough.
There police trucks loaded up the
food again and took it to old peo-
ple's homes and orphanages.
Red cloth banners on the
trucks identified the food as
Soviet. The Kremlin has an
agreement with Premier Otto
Grotwohi's Communist govern-
ment to sell East Germany 57,
million dollars worth of food-
stuffs during the remainder of
the year in return for strategic
industrial goods.
The confiscations began after a
campaign of threats and propa-
ganda failed to keep hungry in-
habitants of the Soviet zone from
streaming to the Allied sectors of
Berlin to get for $1.19 a package
of 'precious flour, fats and other
food worth much more. Germans
pass out the food to Germans. But
all know the United States is foot-
ing the 15 million dollar bill. The
total of the packages delivered
rose Friday to about 850,000.
* * *
HANS Hirschfeld, press officer
for West Berlin Lord Mayor Ernst
Reuter, said the program will be
extended to all of the 18 million
Germans under Soviet occupation
if the Communist police do not
effecvetively seal off West Berlin.
West Berlin welfare officials pre-
pared to supply a record-breaking
throng of East German workers
over the weekend.
In nearly every industrial plant
where anti-Communist strikes and
riots flared last June 17, defiant
workers were organizing expedi-
tions to West Berlin. Premier Otto
Grotewohl has admitted that the
revolt engulfed 272 East German
towns and at least 300,000 em-
ployes in nationalized plants. Ac-
tually, at least two million East
Germans took part in the up-
rising.
Twenty, Die
In Bus Crash
MORRISBURG, Ont.-(Al)-A
Montreal-bound bus crashed into
the rear of a stalled panel truck
yesterday and plunged with its
sleeping passengers into the Wil-
liamsburg canal.
Twenty drowned. Seventeen oth-
er passengers and the drivers of
both vehicles survived.
Screaming men and women
smashed through windows and

Huadian, 66 miles from the Chi-
nese-Korean frontier.
* * *
THE PROTEST was relayed
immediately by Ambassador Char-
les E. Bohlen to Washington-
even while Washington and Mos-
cow are exchanging complaints
ovar the incident of an American
B50 bomber being shot down near
Vladivostock.
The incident referred to in
last night's Moscow announce-
ment occurred last Monday af-
ter the Korean armistice was
signed but before it became ef-
fective.
When news of the protest ar-
rived here, State and Defense De-
partment officials, being informed
on the incident, were prepared to
deal with the newest Soviet note in
speedy fashion.
* * *~ *
THE State Department, spokes-
man said last night .that "the in-
formation we have is that it oc-
curred well south of the Yalu Riv-
er in the Korean combat zone."
"We will reJect the protest,"
he said. This indicated that the
Soviet Foreign Office would get
a very quick response from Am-
bassador Bohlen.
Capt. John Ernest Roche, sole
confirmed survivor of a B50 shot
down in the Sea of Japan Wed-
nesday, said yesterday that one
and possibly two Russian MIG jet
fighters attacked "without pro-
vocation" when the big American
bomber was definitely no closer
than 40 miles from Siberia..
Roche said at a news confer-
ence that he did not see any Rus-
sian ships in the area or anything
to indicate that any of the 16
other American crewmen had been
rescued by the Russians.

TO BE REPATRIATED-Chinese prisoners of war are shown de-
barking at Inchon, Korea. They are part of the first group of
2,400 North Korean and Chinese POWs to be transported towards
repatriation from Cheju-Do and Koje Island.
Americans A-mong First
PO . s To Be Exchanged
MUNSAN-(P)-A "good number" of Americans will be among
sick and wounded Allied prisoners of war who are to be the first to
come back when the exchange of captives starts Wednesday, the
Peiping radio said yesterday.
The broadcast, monitored at Tokyo, shed some light on Red
plans for the prisoner exchange as developed in meetings with Allied

House Votes
Immigration
Compromise
Senate To Act
On Proposed Bill
WASHINGTON - () - The
House last night voted approval of
a compromise emergency immigra-
tion bill to admit 214,000 refugees
and aliens over the next three
years.
The bill, which grew out of a
request from President Eisenhow-
er, was whipped through in exact-
ly three minutes by an unrecorded
vote of 190 to 44.
ONLY SENATE approval is still
necessary to send the measure to
the President for his signature.
The compromise bill was ap-
proved earlier in the day by a
Senate-House committee named
to reconcile differing versions of
the measure passed by the two
chambers.
The final version fulfills in part
a request made by Eisenhower
April 22.
The President asked that 240,-
000 refugees and other special quo-
ta immigrants be admitted to this
country in the next two years.
* * *
HE SAID "countless thousands"
of refugees had been left homeless
in Europe, their numbers increased
in recent months "by the steady
flow of escapees who have braved
death to escape from behind the
Iron Curtain.'
Under the legislation, those
admitted will be largely refugees,
mostly from behind the Iron
Curtain, but a limited number
of Italians, Greeks and Dutch
who have relatives in this coun-
try also will be able to seek en-
trance.
The bill also makes provision
for a small number of Asiatics and
Arabs and permits 4,000 orphans
from any part of the world to be
admitted.
Sen. McCarran (D-Nev.), chief
Senate foe of the measure, told
newsmen that despite admittedly
tight security screening provisions
written into the bill some Commu-
nist agents from behind the Iron
Curtain were bound to slip through.
Dying Mother
ViewsBaby
TULSA, Okla.-- () -A young
mother, said by medical experts
to be incurably ill of cancer, yes-
terday saw her 2-day-old baby for
the first time.
"Oh! It's a girl," Mrs. Colleen
Alford exclaimed when she first
glimpsed her daughter. She was
told Thursday it was a girl, but
her husband, Huey, said she was-
n't fully conscious at the time.

truce groups at Panmunjom.
MEANWHILE, another meeting
of the Korean Military Armistice
Commission, the Allied-Red group
which is overseeing the policing
of the front-line truce zone, was
set for 9 p.m. today, CST.
The Peiping radio broadcast
said the first group of returned
Allied prisoners would be "non-
Korean sick and wounded." It
added that besides the Ameri-
cans and British there would be
French, Turkish, Columbian,
Filipino, Australian and Greek
prisoners.
The Reds have said that they
hold about 500 sick and wounded
prisoners of all nationalities. They
have promised to send back 12,763
Allied prisoners including 3,313
Americans.

WASHINGTON ROUNDUP:
Congress Rushes Bills
As Dadlie A pproaches
House Okays Debt Hike . ..
WASHINGTON-(A)-The House last night gave the Eisenhower
administration a swift first-round victory in the battle over a 15-bil-
lion dollar hike in the federal debt limit, but storm signals were
flying in the Senate.
On a roll-call vote the chamber passed a measure to comply with
the President's request.
The vote on final passage was 239-158.
EARLIER, the Republican-controlled chamber slapped down all
efforts to delay action or amend the bill lifting the debt ceiling from
275 billion to 29.0 billion dollars.
Passage followed warnings by Republican leaders that failure
to raise the lid would prevent the government from borrowing
enough money to pay its bills and might "create panic."
Democrats protested bitterly that the eleventh hour request,
coming as Congress was rushing toward adjournment, was not nec-
essary. Some of them demanded drastic action ,now to trim govern-
ment spending and halt red-ink financing.
Senators Drop Korea Plans . .
WASHINGTON-(o)-Four Senate leaders yesterday gave up any
hope for adjournment of Congress this weekend, and dropped plans
to go to Korea with Secretary of State Dulles.
* * * *
Food for Needy Bill Passed,...
WASHINGTON-(I')--The House quickly approved last night a
Senate-House compromise bill giving President Eisenhower authority
to send 100 million dollars of surplus U. S. 'food to needy friendly
peoples abroad.
Passed by 143-15 standing vote, the compromise must still be
approved by the Senate.
* * * * teblomsa

National Debt
Limit Foolish,
To Musgrave
By LEAH MARKS-
"The practice of Congress set-
ting a debt limit makes little
sense," said Prof. Richard Mus-
grave of the economics depart-
ment, discussing the proposed leg-
islative measure to raise the limit.
"Congress legislates taxes and
appropriations, thus implying the
debt requirement," he added in ex-
planation. "Voting a debt limit is
merely repetitious," Prof. Mus-
grave said, pointing out the sup-
posed issue of a higher debt ceil-
ing is largely nuisance matter.
ACCORDING to Prof. Musgrave
the administration has gotten it-
self into this difficult situation by
raising expectations of early tax
reductions during the campaign.
"The important thing," he declar-
ed, "is to have the amount of
taxes needed to check inflation,
and not whether to increase or re-
duce the debt as such."
Believing higher taxes are a
better means of solving the na-
tion's financial problems at this
time than hiking the debt, Prof.,
Musgrave said, "Nevertheless,
the national debt must be in-
creased if tax receipts do not
suffice to meet requirements for
defense, foreign aid, and sim-
ilarly important measures."
Pointing out that raising the
debt is not in itself very signifi-
cant, he said, "The national debt
has by now become an integral
part of the country's liquidity
structure."
Banks, insurance companies and
other investors will continue put-
ting their money in government
securities as a safe and desirable
means of investment, he noted.
"Therefore, the debt is not some-
thing that has to be paid off, and
so is not as important as many
seem to think."
August To Be
Cooler Here
'WASHINGTON - (AP) - The
weather bureau said yesterday its
30-day outlook for August calls for
temperatures to average below nor-
mal in the northern half of the
nation except for near normal in
the lower lakes, middle Atlantic
states, and northwest coast.
A he-nvrynm a ia mnP'I ato i v n. r

SEN. ROBERT A. TAFT
. .. Ohioan dies
* 1
Capital Sees
ITaft's Death
Great Loss
WASHINGTON- (A) --Politics
were set aside in the Senate yes-
terday for a great eulogy to Sen.
Robert A. Taft of Ohio.
President Eisenhower, members
of Congress and many of Taft's
political foes joined in praising
him as an outstanding American
patriot and statesman.
* * *
THE SENATE majority leader
-"Mr. Republican" to millions of
Americans-died in New York yes-
terday of cancer.
His death was announced to
a hushedSenate bygSen. Bricker
{R-Ohio who said In a barely
audible voice:
"The sad news has just arrived
over the wires of the death of my
colleague, the floor leader of this
body."
. Then came an outpouring of
grief and paise which established
eloquently the place Taft held in
the hearts of the country's leaders.
"THE SENATE has lost one of its
leading members of all time,"
President Eisenhower said.
"The American people have
lost a truly great citizen and I
have lost a wise counselor and
valued friend."
Deeply moved, the Democratic
leader in the Senate, Sen. Lyndon
Johnson of Texas, said "Bob Taft
was one of our truly great men."
FROM ONE of Taft's greatest
antagonists, John L. Lewis, presi-
dent of the United Mine Workers,
came this comment:
"Honest difference of opinion
is what makes America a great
nation and it is what made Sen.
Taft a great statesman and a
great American. His sincere con-
servatism was an ingredient of
our way of life."
Flags in Washington and on all
federal buildings in 'Ohio were
lowered to half staff when news
of the senator's death became
known.

GOP Leader Dies
In Cancer Coma
NEW YORK--(P)-Senator Robert Alphonso Taft, who guided the
Republican Party for years but never won its command, died quietly
yesterday, victim of relentless cancer that ravaged like wildfire.
He was 63 years old.
New York Hospital said he wasn't even aware of any illness until
three months ago when his legs began to bother him. Death was due
to "widespread, highly malignant, rapidly growing tumors," the hos-
pital said.
* * * *,

TAFT'S FOUR SONS were by1
a.m. The veteran senator from Oh
for about 13 hours. The hospital s
Taft's Episcopal pastor fro'
Tucker, prayed for the senator
Old friends from Taft's four
vain campaigns for the Republican
presidential nomination also kept
final vigil at the hospital.
MRS. MARTHA TAFT, the sen-
ator's wife, remained in Washing-
ton. Confined to a wheelchair
since 4stroke, she was flown to
New.,York Tuesday when Taft first
took a turn for the worse. She re-
turned to the capital the next day.
President Eisenhower called
Taft's death a "tragic loss to
America."
Members of Congress-both po-
litical friends and foes-and lead-
ers throughout the nation paid
tribute to Taft's character.
No funeral plans were an-
nounced immediately for the sen-
ator, except that the body will be
taken first to Washington and
then to Cincinnati for burial.
TAFT WAS THE son of the 27th
President of the UnitedStates,
William Howard Taft, and his
own consuming ambition was to.
TAFT'S BIOGRAPHY
See Page 2
return to the White House as
President in his own right.
Four times over a period of 16
years, he sought the Republican
presidential nomination. He final-
ly gave up a year ago after Presi-
dent Eisenhower defeated himon
the first convention ballot.
Taft was three times senator
from his native Ohio, and he
was one of the sponsors of the
controversial Taft-Hartley La-
bor Law.
His greatest area of influence
was in the Senate, where six
months ago he became majority
leader under the first Republican
President in 20 years.
His illness forced him to turn
over the duties several weeks ago
to Senator Knowland (R-Calif.),
who now is acting majority leader.
Taft had been counted on to
guide President Eisenhower's pro-
gram through a Senate where the
margin of GOP control was never
more than one vote.
* * * '
HE WAS counted on to help
keep a precarious balance in a
Republican Party that, but for
Taft's own sense of party loyalty,
might have been split asunder by
Eisenhower's 1952 nomination.

Appointment
Political Key
COLUMBUS, Ohio - () - Gov.
Frank J. Lausche's plan for his
own political future appeared yes-
terday to be the key to appoint-
ment of a successor to Sen. Robert
A. Taft.
Ohio's Democratic governor,
whose four terms have been mark-
ed by independence of attitude and
unpredictable decisions, refused
even to discuss the subject.
* .k *
BUT BUCKEYE politicians fig-
ured it this way:
If Gov. Lausche decides he
would like to run for the Senate
in 1954, he will name a com-
parative unknown, who will bow
out gracefully after the interim
or who would make only a minor
opponent if he ran.
If Lausche decides he doesn't
want to be senator, he will ap-
point a big-name successor, ona
who figures to run strongly in
1954.
* * *
IF GOV. Lausche can't make up
his mind at once, he will name an
unknown.
In any case, it looked like a
cinch Gov. Lausche would name
a member of his own party. That
would shift the balance of power
in the U. S. Senate by giving
Democrats a plurality.
Foremost among the names of
strong candidates if Lausche givet
up senatorial ambitions was that
of Michael V. DiSalle of Toledo,
Other Democrats of the "strong
rating were Thomas A. Burke,
mayor of Cleveland, and Rep. Rob-
ert T. Secrest, the Senecaville
Democrat who is in his eighth
term in a nominally Republican
district.
Minister Flatly
Denies Charge
Of Accusers
WASHINGTON-(P)--A Meth-
odist preacher accused of Com..
munist connections was confronte(;
with three accusers yesterday an(
swore he didn't know them.
Seated in the witness chair be,
fore the House Un-American Ac.
tivities Committee, the Rev. Jack
R. McMichael stared stonily at
Manning Johnson, a New Yorker
who has testified that he knew
the minister as a Red back in the
1930s.
* *

his side when death came at 10:30
hio had been in a coma and dying
aid death was quiet and peaceful.
m Cincinnati, the Rev. Luther
in a near-by hospital chapel.
Taft Vacanc

r

PUSHKIN, PIROSHKI MONDAY:

Russian Cii'
An original Russian style folk
dance and a satire on a play by
Aleksandr Pushkin will highlight
the final meeting of the summer
session Russian Circle, at 8 p.m.
Monday in the International Cen-
ter.
The folk dance has been choreo-
graphed and will be danced by
Sonja Ivanovna Shewchin, '55, and
Mary Ann Chacarestos, '54.
* * *
A POEM about Russian aristo-
cracy in the nineteenth century,
"Evgeny Onegen," written in play
form, is the basis of the take-off
on Pushkin.
The group, however, plans to
set their aristocrat in a modern
setting..
Vic Gladstone, Grad., and Chuck
LaDue will take part in the play,
along with Miss Shewchin and Miss
Chacarestos.
* * *
FOR THE BENEFIT of the aud-
ience, most of whom are students
ofm~ R ei s he".A..r,rt of

ele To Give Dance, Satire

F

* * * *

"I DON'T know him," McMich.
ael said loudly.
He gave the same answer when
confronted with Mr. and Mrs.
John J. Edmiston, a Waynes-
ville, O., couple who have said
in an affidavit that they saw
McMichael at Communist-dom-
inated meetings while they were
z undercover agents for the FBI
in 1940 and 1941.
When the session ended Chair.
man Velde (R-Ill.) issued a state-
ment saying There can be no
question in anyone's mind con-
cerning the fact that there is con-
e siderable evidence that perjury
- A hahbeenrcommittedr nin Lh

AS WORKED OUT by Senate-House conferees,
House provision which would have limited the total
any one nation to 20 million dollars.
Although Eisenhower asked authority for two
limited i to next March 15.

the bill omits a
value of food to
years, Congress

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