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July 31, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-07-31

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FROZEN PRINCIPLES
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93

Red Aerial
Violations
Seen by AF
Communists Hit
UN Infringemen
By The Associated Press
The 5th Air Force spotted larg
numbers of Red planes flying int
North Korea after Monday's 14
t p.m. time limit in violation of the
armistice, but no Allied protes
was on record yesterday.
" The Communists, on the othe
hand, have filed protests charging
ten Allied violations of the now de
serted buffer zone which sepa
rates the United Nations Command
and Red armies.
* * *
IT WAS POSSIBLE that th
matter of the mass flight of plane
-presumably MIG jets which nev
er dared to base in North Korea
during the war-might come up to-
day.
The joint Military Armistice
Commission, which enforces the
truce, met at 8 p.m. yesterday at
Panmunjom
United Nations and Communis
officers were also meeting in the
battle-seared demilitarized strip at
1 p.m. yesterday in the first con-
tract of joint observer teams which
will patrol the zone. Their job is
to see that both sides observe ar-
mistice terms along the 150-mile
front.
* * *.
IN THE MEANTIME Allied and
Communist armies quit the Korean
Front yesterday and took up new
fortified positions 2% miles apart,
alert for any sign of truce viola-
tion.
The last Allied soldier with-
drew ten minutes before the 10
p.m, deadline set by the armis-
tice agreement. Peiping said the
last Communist soldier pulled
out by the deadline.
With a minimum of discussion,
the Senate yesterday voted 200
million dollars for rebuilding war-
ravaged. South Korea and Sen.
Humphrey (D-Minn.) proposed a
like amount for North Korea.
"Let's make a quick bid for
the friendship of the North Ko-
rean people while the armistice
is being celebrated there," Hum-
phrey said.
Hmphrey conditioned his pro-
posal, however, on the "conclusion
of a satisfactory peace," "permit-
ing Korea's freedom and unifica-
tion."
The 200 million relief and reha-
bilitation fund for South Korea
will be taken out of military ap-
propriations already voted. The re-
lief money was requested by Pres-
ident Eisenhower.
RED CROSS workers from the
United Nations; North Korea and
Red China planned to hold their
second session today in prepara-
tion for the prisoners of war ex-
change which begins Aug. 5.
In a report delayed by censors,
the Air Force said American ra-
dar on Cho Island, secret Allied
base off Northwest Korea, spot-
ted large numbers of Red planes
speeding southward from Man-
churia Monday after the 10 p.m.
deadline.
KF Head Tells

Stock Situation
WASHINGTON - (A') - Edgar
Kaiser said yesterday a stock pros-
pectus and registration statement
issued by the Kaiser-Frazer Corp.
in early 1948 truly reflected the
auto manufacturing firm's finan-
cial conditions.
Kaiser, son of Henry Kaiser and
then general manager of K-F,
testified before a Securities and
Exchange Commission examiner in
an investigation of a stock offer-
ing that never came off.
THE INVESTIGATION was or-
dered 'in March after the Fed-
eral Appeals Court in New York
held that a summary of earnings
in the prospectus and registration
statement was misleading.
Edgar Kaiser now is president of
Kaiser Motors Corp., the firm's
new name.
"The corporation was going
along all right." he stated. "Sates

Taft in Coma,
'Failing Rapidly
Ohio Senator On Critical List;
Reportedly Dying of Blood Cancer
NEW YORK- W)-Sen. Taft is in a coma and is failing rapidly,
New York Hospital reported late last night.
A 10 p.m. hospital bulletin gave no further details. Three of the
Senator's sons were at the hospital, where their father earlier in the
evening was reported critically ill.
ONLY YESTERDAY morning the Ohio Republican party stal-
wart had sat up on his bed and chatted with callers. At 2:30 p.m.
he took his first turn for the

Eisenhower,

s Congressmen

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National

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SMilitaryTrio
eCalled Real
s
Red Power
LONDON- (AP) -The London
Evening News last night said "the
real power in Russia has passed to
a military triumvirate led by the
t famous wartime hero Marshal
Georgi K. Zhukov."
"This dramatic development,"
said the News, "has taken place-
according to reports toPrime Min-
ister Sir Winston Churchill dur-
ing the past few days-because
Premie- Georgi Malenkov, still
faced with the opposition of strong
pro-Beria elements has had to
turn to professional marshals as
the only force in Russia capable
of maintaining his regime."
THE ARTICLE was signed by
the paper's diplomatic correspond-
ent, C. F. Melville.
Melville said the two other
members of the reported military
triumvirate were Marshals A. M.
Vasilevsky and Vassily D. So-
kolvsky.
The three marshals, he said, are
"the power behind the throne" and
are strongly in favor of peace with
the West, because they "believe
Russia is not in a position to risk
conflict."
There was no confirmation of
the Evening News story from any
source here. The Foreign Office1
declined comment.1
Zhukov, one of the most decor-
ated military men in the world,t
was the captor of Berlin and heroi
to Russian millions.I
New Bills Create
More Judgeships
WASHINGTON -- (R) - TheJ
House passed by voice vote andt
sent to the Senate yesterday a bill
creating 26 new federal judgeships.
A similar bill, to create 39 new
seats, has been passed by the Sen-c
ate.
The two measures will go to aI
Senate-House Conference commit-l
tee for adjustment of differences.e
Attempts to amend the House
bill to make it conform to the Sen-a
ate measure were defeated.-
Both bills would add one dis-r
trict judge in western Michigan. 1

worse. Then at 5:15 p.m. the hos-
pital said Sen. Taft's condition
suddenly had taken a turn for
the worse.
The Ohio Republican was said
to be "breathing with marked
difficulty."
The 5:15 p.m. report was the
first to refer to the Senator's case
in grave terms.
It followed a report by an Ariz-
ona newspaper publisher that the
Ohio Republican "is dying of can-
cer of the blood."
The hospital consistently has re-
fused to disclose the nature of
Taft's illness. It first became ap-
parent weeks ago with a lesion of
the hip,
Publisher William R. Mathews
of the Arizona Daily Star of Tuc-
son, writing from Washington, said
in a dispatch to his paper. "Where-
as originally he was expected to
live for six months to a year, he
is not expected to live for more
than weeks at the most, and pos-
sibly days.
"The fact is generally known in
Washington," he explained.
Mathews did not reval the source
of his information.
President Eisenhower, concern-
ed about Taft's condition, sent his
personal physician flying here dur-
ing the day to the bedside of the
ailing senator.
Snyder talked with Taft and
later described him as "an ill
man."
He .refused, however, to be
drawn into any discussion of the
nature of Taft's illness.
The White House physician told
reporters before returning to
Washington: "I came here simply
to convey the personal greetings of
the President to Sen. Taft."'
The hospital had viewed the
Ohio senator's condition in opti-
mistic terms until Tuesday, when
he also took a turn for the worse.
But he rallied somewhat Wednes-
day and his condition earlier yes-,
terday had been reported un-
changed.
Earlier in his illness, Taft sur-
rendered his duties as Senate ma-
jority leader to Sen. Knowland (R-
Calif.).
The Ohiosenator, son of the
27th President of the United
States underwent anrexploratory
operation at New York Hospital
July 8. Originally it was expected
he would return to Washington
Wednesday. However, on Monday
his return was deferred indefinit-
ely.
Three of Taft's four sons were
at the hospital throughout the day,
including William Howard Taft
III, American ambassador to Ire-
and. c

Soviets Say
B-50 Flies
Over Siberia
By The Associated Press
The Soviet government charged
yesterday that an American B-50
flew over Siberia near Vladivostock
and fired on a Soviet fighter plane
which rose to intercept it.
A note delivered to the Ameri-
can embassy in Moscow strongly
protested an alleged violation of
Soviet territory by the American
plane.
* * *
THE NOTE claimed that the
American plane-a four-engined
B-50--violatedthe Soviet frontier
in the region of Vladivostock.
It said two Soviet fighters
rose to intercept it and the
American plane then opened
fire.,
It said the Soviet fighters then
returned the American plane's fire
and the American B-50 disap-
peared in the direction of the sea.
THE SOVIET note demanded
that the "guilty fliers" be called
to account and demanded that
the U. S. government see to it that
such violations of the Soviet fron-
tier do not occur in the future.
The incident is alleged to have
taken place on July 29. Pravda
and Izvestia headlined the So-
viet note.
In Tokyo the Air Force yester-
day abandoned search for 16 of 17
crewmen of a huge B-50 bomber
which Russia charged had ex-
changed shots with two Soviet
fighters Wednesday and then dis-
appeared over the sea of Japan off
Siberia.
THE CO-PILOT, 1st Lt. John
Rohe, was plucked yesterday by
,the U. S. destroyer picking from
waters "within sight of the moun-
tains of Siberia," Pacific fleet
headquarters said at Pearl Har-
bor.

THEY LIKE THIS RETREAT-United States Marines clamber aboard a truck on the. Western
front in Korea to move to new positions from th e demilitarization zone under terms of the Korean
armistice. They are retreating, but this time with grins.

E. Germans
Defy Reds
For Food
BERLIN - (A') - Communist
billboard warnings of death were
defied yesterday by 200,000 East
Germans swarming to West Ber-
lin for U.S.-financed food relief.
Two thousand volunteer German
welfare workers, already swamped
by the flood of the needy, were or-
dered to prepare to feed at least a
half million tomorrow and Sun-
day.
* , *
ALL OVER East Germany, fac-
tory workers were reported plan-
ning to set out for West Berlin
on their weekend holiday time.
Red police struck back at hun-
dreds of 'East Germans return-
ing with Western fats, flour,
canned milk and dried vegeta-
bles.

World News Roundup

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A compro-
mise $6,652,422,390 foreign aid bill
was worked out late yesterday by
a Senate-House Conference Com-
mittee.
The total, including $4,530,457,-
999 in new cash and $2,121,964,391
in unobligated funds left over from
previous appropriations for mili-
tary and economic aid program,
is $669,315,866 less than President
Eisenhower asked.
CAIRO, Egypt - A Russian-
Egyptian trade agreement in-
volving a million pounds ($2,-
8800,000) has been initiated, re-
liable sources said yesterday.
Informants said the pact calls
for an exchange of Egyptian
cotton for Russian wheat.
*, * ,
WASHINGTON - Capt. Hyman
G. Rickover, the navy's atomic
submarine expert who had been
passed over twice for promotion,
was nominated by President Ei-
senhower yesterday to be a rear
admiral.
There had been vigorous com-
plaints in Congress that the coun-
try faced the loss of a most valu-
able officer. He would have had to
retire, lacking specific action to
keep him on duty, because navy
selection boards twice had failed
to recommend his promotion.
WASHINGTON -The Senate
last night passed and sent to
the White House a bill authoriz-
ing development of mineral re-.

sources in the submerged lands
of the outer continental shelf.
The vote was 45-43.
The chamber adopted a com-
promise Senate-House measure
which lacks a provision ear-
marking all federal revenues
from oil, gas and sulphur for
education.
* * S
PHILADELPHIA -- Lacking
$175,000 in bail, six men identified
by the FBI as among the top lead-
ership of the Communist party
here were held in Moyamensing
Prison yesterday on charges of
conspiring to teach or advocate
the overthrow of the U.S. govern-
ment.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Theodore C.
Streibert, New York radio ex-
ecutive, was chosen by President,
Eisenhower yesterday to head the
reorganized overseas information
agency.
In announcing his nomination,
Eisenhower said he was charging
Streibert with the job of "clearly
and factually" presenting U.S. pol-
icies and objectives to the world.
* * *
O'NEILL, Neb. - Six persons,
one of them a noted German scien-
tist, died yesterday when a big Air
Force helicopter plunged to earth
and burned near here.
The scientist was Dr. Guenter
Loeser, one of the directors of
the Air Force lower atmosphere re-
search project.
The others aboard were military
personnel.

ZAeiin
Makes Pleas
Despite Tries
At 'Economy
Humphrey Fears
Financial 'Panic'
WASHINGTON-(AP)--President
Eisenhower asked Congress yes-
terday for a 15 bllion dollar hike
in the federal debt limit in view
of red ink figures which he said
have piled up despite "vigorous ef-
forts to reduce expenditures."
The present limit, fied by Con-
gress In June, 1946, is 27 billion
dollars. The debt is 272%/ billions.
SHORTLY before Eisenhowe
sent the formal request to Con-
gress, Secretary of the Treasuiy
Humphrey told newsmen that if,
the government failed to pay it
bills and meet federal payro1l-
under restrictions of the present
debt limit-it might catse "nea?
panic."
Eisenhower's 11th hour re-
quest threw congressional plans.
to adjourn this weekend into ain
uproar. There were some fore-
casts that adjournment plans
would be delayed at least a week.
Grumbles of protest-both at
the prospect of canceling vacation
plans. and at raising the, debt lid
to a point only 10 bilion dollars
below the World War II peak--
arose from Democrats and Repu-
licans alike on Capitol Hill,
* * -*
WHILE many Republicans, have
said the present fiscal situation is
a heritage from the Roq@q
Truman regimes, Democrats -
terday raised a cry of "waste" and
accused the Eisenhower adminis-
tration of staging a "political ma-
neuver" by waiting almost until
the eve of adjournment to spring
its proposal.
With adjournment plans still
up in the air, heads of key Sen-
ate and House committees call-
ed for committee sessions today
to consider the President's pro-
posal.
Chairman Millikin .(R-C'olo.)
called the Senate Finance Com-
mittee to tackle the issue behind
closed doors at 12:30 p.m.
* * *
MILLIKIN said he expected
Secretary Humphrey or Budget
Director Joseph M. Dodge to pre-
sent the administration's case seek-
ing to justify a ceiling increase..
In a special messge to Con-
gress, Eisenhower declared:
"The administration in co-
operation with the Congress has
moved promptly and vigorously
to reduce earlier recommenda-
tions for appropriations for the
fiscal year 1953-54 by about 13
billion dollars and to reduce the
prospective deficit by about: one
half."
However, Eisenhower said, the
government is now saddled with a
deficit of $9,400,000,00 for the
fiscal year which ended June 30
and the administration is faced
with spending 81 billion dollars
authorized by Congress.
"TO MEET necessary expendi-
tures and to maintain a safe work-
ing balance of funds, it will be
necessary to borrow more money
before the next session of the Con-,

gress," Eisenhower continued.
"This will carry the debt above
the present legal limit of 275 bil-
lion dollars
"I must, therefore, request of
the Congress legislation raising the
statutory debt limit. It is my'rec-
ommendation that the limit should
be increased to 290 billion dollars."
* * *
COUNTERING Democratic as-
sertions that the White House
pulled a fast one on, Congress .by
waiting until just before adjourn-
ment to make its request, Sen.
Knowland (R-Calif.), acting Sen-
ate majority leader, said adminis-
tration leaders held back in the
hope they would not have to ask
for the increase.
Knowland said apparently
data on congressional appropria-
tencirm se a~ni~trn9n

mic Energy Group
for H-Bomb Test
[INGTON-(V)-The Atomic Energy Commission, entering
production of material for hydrogen bombs, is getting
3 new series of test blasts at the mid-Pacific proving grounds
rshall Islands.
was hinted yesterday in the commission's semi-annual re-
i said results of the spring tests in Nevada were so good it
be necessary to conduct a fall series at the mainland
ound.
* * . * * ,
MEANS the nuclear weaponeers are free to concentrate
ng for experiments at Eniwetok or Bikini atolls, or both.
" There has been speculation that
the next Marshall Island tests will
include detonation of a large-
scale hydrogen device.

IN HOUSE HEARING:
Methodist Minister
Calls Accusers Liars

Down by the Station

This would produce the great-
est man-made explosion yet.
There has been no official an-
nouncement so far as to whether
the Pacific tests will be in the
fall or the spring.
The commission's report, ex-
pressing satisfaction with the 11
experiments in Nevada from
March through June, the longest
series so far held, mentioned la-
conically that some "very profit-
able avenues to new and improved
weapons" have been discovered
which will lead to "substantially
greater atomic weapons capabil-
ity for the United States."
Testing of standard atomic
fission explosions needed for fir-
ing a hydrogen bomb presum-
ably had been included in the
Nevada experiments.
In another field of the applica-
tion of atomic energy to military

WASHINGTON-()-A Metho-
dist minister tangled angrily with
the House Un-American Activities
Committee yesterday and swore
that two men who accused him of
having been a Communist are
"liars and perjurers."
Rev. Jack Richard McMichael,
46 year old pastor of a church at
,, * *

HE PROTESTED bitterly that
the committee had circulated
"false charges" against him with-
out giving him an opportunity to
be heard first.
McMichael did say that in
1941 he was chairman of the
American Youth Congress--an
organization cited as a Com-
munist front by the House com-
mittee, several state committees
and two attorneys general.
But he insisted: "This organiza-
tion was not Communist dominat-
ed and I can prove it."
It was an uproarous, gavel-
pounding session. Tempers were
whetted to a fine edge. Everyone
talked at once-and sometimes
shouted.

COMMITTEE Counsel Robert L.'
Kunzig produced testimony he said
the committee got in New York
earlier in the month from two

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