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VOL. LXIII, No. 25-S
ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN. SATTTRDAY. TLY 25.1 953
u'r . PK AXLV
UNEXPECTED INTRUDERS-French paratroops land in Lang-
son area this week during a 5,000-paratroop raid on Communist
rebel Vietminh base in Indochina. The base, only six miles from
the Red China border, held some 5,000 tons of Red supplies built
up during, three months of deliveries from Red China. Troops
took rebels by surprise and during the 12-hour raid destroyed
everything that could not be carted off. Then they made a forced
march through the jungle and linked up, after 48 hours, with a.
relief column sent out from the Hanoi defense area.
ON LABOR RACKETS:
House Group Restores
Hoff man's Probe Rights
WASHINGTON - (R) - Peppery, 77-year-old Congressman
Clare Hoffman won almost a complete victory yesterday over rebels
on his House government operations committee.
The group voted unanimously to restore to the Michigan Repub-
lican all his rights to conduct inquiries into labor racketeering in De-
troit and Kansas City.,
N. Korean Fires
TOKYO-(OP)-South Korean intelligence sources said last night
that Red North Korea's Red dictator, Kim Il Sung, is firing Cabinet
ministers who are pro-Russian in favor of men who are pro-Chinese.
These unofficial reports, sifting through the Iron Curtain of Com-
munist secrecy, supplanted earlier ones which said that Kim himself
was being purged.
* * *4 *
LATER REPORTS said Kim still had the advantage in a tug of
war between North Korean.Reds trained by the Chinese at Yenan and
others trained in Moscow.
Reports explained these things have happened so far:
Kim's arch rival, Vice-Premier Hu Ka Week, trained by Mos-
cow to act behind the scenes as
the actual North Korean ruler, has
been kicked out.
Foreign Minister Park Hun
Yung, a renegade South Korean,
has been jailed and his job given
A s ~er- an to Lee Tong Kun, also a South Ko-
rean but trained at Yenan.
Kim Too Bong, a Yenan-
Polic H ead trained Korean who already held
an important chairmanship in
Kim's inner government, has
BERLIN - (P) - Gestapo Boss gained even more stature.
Wilhlem Zaisser was relieved as Choo Yung Ha, North Korea's
Communist East Germany's min- ambassador to Russia, has been
ister of state security last night fired, So has Justice Minister Lee
and his 100,000 police agents were Sung Yup.
placed under control of the Inter- Yenan-trained Vice Premiers
ior Ministry. Hong Myung Hi, Jung Il Young,
Eastern informants immediately Park Yi Won and Choi Yong Kum
commented that Zaisser-despite have been moved up into more in-
close ties with Lavrentv P Beria fluential roles.
Rhee Stili Looms
As Chief Threat
U.S. Marine Units Alerted In Case
Armistice Negotiations Break Down
By The Associated Press
Reliable sources in Seoul and Washington said yesterday they,
expect a Korean true to be signed Saturday night or Sunday night.
Allied liaison officers were called to a meeting at 7 p.m. last
night at Panmunjom.
The liaison officers adjourned after one hour and 20 minutes.
UN and the liaison groups scheduled another meeting for mid-
Although there was no official confirmation, all signs pointed
sharply to the near approach of the signing and the end of two years
THE CHIEF uncertainty was South Korean President Syngman
Rhee. An unflinching opponent of an armistice that would leave
Korea divided, he bluntly said yes-Q * * *
REPUBLICAN LEADERS MEET-President Eisenhower yesterday
appointed Herbert Hoover to serve with James A. Farley, former
chairman of the Democratic National Committee, on the new gov-
ernment reorganization committee.
x " x
THESE WERE the same powers which were stripped from Hoff-
man last week by his fellow committee members, some of whom ob-
jected to his orders to curtail their,
s * own investigative work.
nti-Soviet" A unanimous vote in. Hoff.
man's favor was taken at a clos-
ed session of the committee to-
S Aday. Newsmen were in the room
at the beginning of the meeting,
but Republican members of the
Troo al~l committee voted to exclude the
The committee attached only
one string to their vote-they set
BERLIN - (P) - Eight thou- a limit of 60 ;days on Hoffman's
sand anti-Communist partisans are renewed inquiry.
active in Poland and their chief The 60-day clause irritated Hoff-
attacks are against Soviet mili- man, who first told newsmen, "You
tary trains hauling troops and can't do much in that time."
East German reparations, intelli- Later, the Michigan Republican
gence experts said last night. added, "We can't go into St.
Soviet and Polish divisions are Louis as we were asked to do, and
on maneuvers at present in Silesia we can't go into Chicago as we
and sounds of artillery fire gave were asked to' do-by civic groups
rise to rumors from the Neisse Riv- in both places."
er frontier this week that open Hoffman said grand juries are
battles with partisans are in prog- already looking into alleged labor
ress, these sources said. The racketeering in Detroit and Kan-
sources dismissed the rumors as sas City. He said he would hold off
baseless. on resumption of his Congression-
B H n s al hearings in those cities to give
BY THEIR account of Polish de- the grand juries more time to make
velopments: their own investigations.
Marshal Konstantin Rokos- Shortly before the committee
sovsky staged his big army and voted yesterday, Rep. Charles'
air force review Wednesday in Brownson' (R-Ind.) said he and
Stalinogrod, Silesian steel cen- other members were "being put
ter, to intimidate discontented in the light of aiding and abetting
workers. . racketeering" by their action of
last week in curbing Hoffman's
Silesia is "full of undercover solo powers.
wrest against the regime, but very "I'm tired of getting beat over
itle overt resistance." the head editorially," Brownson
The Polish partisans are inade- added.
-has "good chances" of bouncing
back into power as new interior
minister, replacing Willi Stoph.
* * *
THIS WOULD put Zaisser in
command of both East Germany's
police and 125,000-man people's
army. There have been rumors
that Stoph is in a shaky position
with the Russians, though he is
a member of the East German
Communist Central Committee.
Premier Otto Grotewohl an-
nounced the changes. He ap-
pointed Ernst Wollweber, state
secretary for shipping, as direc-
tor of the state secretariat for
state security in the Interior
Ministry-a new title and new
Zaisser is a hard-jowled steely-
eyed man who became notorious as
a commander of international bri-
gades in the Spanish Civil War.
He spent World War II in Rus-
sia and was given the honorary
rank of general in the Soviet Ar-
my. Zaisser has boasted in recent
years that he had a direct phone
line to Beria.
Zaisser took most of the Com-
munists' whispered blame for the
fiasco of state forces in combat-
ting the June 17 rebellion, which
finally was suppressed by 15 Soviet
-The Interior Ministry has been
in effect a defense ministry, run-
ning the recruiting, training and
supply of armed forces totaling
125,000 men. Its major depart-
ments have been headed by gen-
THE INTELLIGENCE reports
said that Foreign Minister Park
fell from power shortly after Rus-
sia's secret police chief, Lavrenti
Beria, was ousted.
South Korean sources did not
know whether Kim had any close
connection with Beria although it
was reported that he met Beria
during the four years Kim was in
training in Moscow.
If the current reports are true,
they suggest that Kim has been
weaned away from his Moscow
teachings and now leans toward
Red China's Mao Tze-tung.
OK's Food Aid
ate Agriculture Committee voted
yesterday to give President Eisen-
hower a free hand in the distribu-
tion of 100 million dollars worth
of surplus farm products to friend-
ly nations or peoples.
Chairman Aiken (R-Vt.) said
the change meant that food and
other products could be sent be-
hind the Iron Curtain if it helped
the cold war against Communism.
Aiken predicted quick passage
of the bill by the Senate.
Ay M hThe Associated Press
As Michigan pondered its bingo-
and-lottery problem yesterday,
counsel for oneraffected group de-
The expression came from Ed-
ward N. Barnard, counsel for the
Detroit firemen's benefit fund
which has been forbidden from
raffling automobiles for the fire-
men's field day.
* * *
POLICE HAVE put a halt to all
bingo games and raffles in the
light of Attorney General Frank
Millard's order for enforcement of
all anti-gambling laws.
Attorney Barnard, appearing
before the firemen's commis-
sion, took a crack at the anti-
raffle order. This came from De-
troit Police Commissioner Don-
ald S. Leonard.
"It seems strange," Barnard
said "that after 30 years of raffling
cars without the slightest sugges-
tion of illegality suddenly they're
told they're violating the law."
* * *
THE FIREMEN'S group met
in an effort to decide what to do
about 100,000 raffle tickets which
have been sold at 50 cents each to
WASHINGTON - (P) - The
Agency has a plan for, a highly
secret operation which it calls
That, and the fact it "re-
quires the use of radio construc-
tion funds," was about all Un-
der Secretary of State Walter
Bedell Smith would tell the
Senate .Appropriations .Com-
mittee about it at a public ses-
Smith was asking the sena-
tors to approve funds for the
project-something the House
did not do.
He did not say how much it
would cost, but explained,
"while not an expensive project
it is a vital one."
He added that the National
Security Council has approved
KANSAS CITY - (.P) - Arthur
Eisenhower, oldest brother of the
President, yesterday confirmed his
description of Sen. McCarthy (R-
Wis.) as "the most dangerous men-
ace to America."
It was in Nevada Thursday that
Eisenhower told the Las Vegas
Sun "when I think of McCarthy
I automatically think of Hitler."
The President's brother, a Kansas
City banker, said he was surprised
and embarrassed by the wide-
spread interest shown in his in-
terview with Sean Flannelly of the
"I have nothing personally
against Sen. McCarthy," Eisen-
hower added, "but I deplore his
"It's too bad we have such a
man in public life," Eisenhower
said in a brief interview between
plane flights. He added that Mc-
Carthy makes "deplorable attacks
on people and gives people no
chance to answer charges."
The speech department's cur-
rent production, "Country Girl"
will terminate its run at 8 p.m.
today in Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
Tickets for the Clifford Odets
drama are on sale at the Mendel-
ssohn boxoffice for $1.20, 90 cents
and 60 cents. ,
terday that some of the Allied
agreements with the Communists
"can not be allowed to happen."
The 78 year old Republic of
Korea President in effect ac-
cused the United States of giv-
ing him one ket of promises
while giving just the opposite to
the Communists at Panmunjom.
Units from two Marine divisions
in the United States have been
alerted for rapid movement to Ko-
rea should truce arrangements
break down completely or an arm-
istice be violated after it is sign-
ed, officials said yesterday.
One source, described the ac-
tion as purely precautionary. He
said that if an armistice is com-
pleted without further hitches
within the next few days the 2nd
and 3rd Marine Divisions, will
remain at their locations, except
for such individuals who are
sent to Korea as replacements.
Washington sources said Pres-
ident Eisenhower had given Gen.
Mark W. Clark final authority as
United Nations commander in Ko-
rea to sign a trace agreement with
the Reds. The purpose of the
authorization was to enable Clark
to act quickly after details were
* * *
EMERGING FROM a White
House conference yesterday Sec-
retary of State John Foster Dulles
said "I'd like a little enlighten-
ment myself" when newsmen ask-
ed him if he could enlighten them
on prospects of a truce signing
over the weekend.
Dulles said he was "neither
optimistic nor pessimistic" on
Plans for exchanging war pris-
oners appeared to be the last order
of business. The two sides already
may have exchanged lists of near-
ly 100,000 men they hold.
* * *
PRESIDENT Rhee in his state-
ment yesterday criticizing the
United States and United Nations,
disclosed some details of his re-
cent secret talks with Assistant,
U. S. Secretary of State Walter S.
He said his agreement with
Robertson provided that "no
troops from Indian or any other
foreign nation will be landed in
South Korea to guard prisoners
Rhee cited Communist claims
that UN chief negotiator Gen. Wil-
liam K. Harrison "has agreed that
such troops will land in South
Korea and that they will be grant-
ed police protection by the UN
"I can only say that the Korean
people will not permit this to hap-
pen," Rhee declared.
SEOUL, Korea - (P) - Chinese
Reds, supported by Russian-style
rockets, battled hand to hand with
Allied troops yesterday for three
outposts northeast of Panmun-
jom-the town where a truce Is
reported about to be signed.
The Army identified the U. S.
1st Marine Division as the unit
now holding hard-hit Outpost
Esther and two nearby hills north-
east of Panmunjom under heavy
CHINESE Reds, firing Russian-
style Katusha rockets, stormed the
three Western Front hills yester-
day and battled hand-to-hand
with the Marines.
Associated Press Correspond-
ent Forrest Edwards reported
that the fighting must be "very
The Marines cleared the hills of
attackers in hand-to-hand fight-
Reds continued attacks in the
area after that, however.
EXACT LOCATION of the three
outpost hills was not permitted by
censorship. But artillery dueling in
the area could be heard plainly in
the truce village of Panmunjom
where a truce agreement was re-
ported as imminent.
Edwards said the trenches on
the hills were shattered, rubbled
little gullies after 10 hours of
Drizzling rain through the night
and heavy overcast at dawn made
immediate Allied air support of
the Marines out of the question,
AP Correspondent John Ran-
dolph reported from the central
front that the Reds also used
rockets in renewing attacks north-
west of Kumhwa, a key road hub.
A 300-man attack hit South Kor-
eans early yesterday and was turn-
ed back in short order.
Aid to Korea
Asked by Ike
WASHINGTON - (A - Presi-
dent Eisenhower asked congres-
sional leaders yesterday for an in-
itial fund of 200 million dollars to
help restore Korea after the armis-
At the same time Eisenhower
was reported to have given flnal
authority to Gen. Mark Clark as
United Nations commander in Ko-
rea to sign a truce agreement with
Congressional leaders told of the
quately armed, although they oc-
casionally obtain additional weap-
ons when Soviet troop trains are
derailed or military freight hi-
The partisans long have been
harassing the Russians in East
Prussia, which was split between
the Soviet Union and Poland in
1945, and in eastern Poland.
A. To Purge
WASHINGTON - (OP) - Under
Secretary of State Walter Bedell
Smith said yesterday the govern-
ment's new International Infor-
mation Agency will be under or-
ders to remove immediately all
Communist propaganda from its
He made the statement at a
Senate Appropriations Committee
Buitlding A Palm Tree
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The government is allowing an atomic medical
substance to be sent from Oak Ridge, Tenn., to Yugoslavia to treat
ailing Roman Catholic Cardinal Stepinac, officials said last night.
Two American medical experts left New York by air yesterday
with a shipment of radioactive phosphorus, used to treat a blood dis-
ease called polycythemia. It causes an overproduction of red cells.
* * * *
WASHINGTON-The House Government Operations Committee
yesterday approved a bill by Rep. Coudert (R-NY) to limit govern-
ment spending in any year to federal income except in emergency.
LANSING-Representatives of the State Conservation Department
will testify here Aug. 11 before a House committee investigating re-
cent gasoline price increases in Michigan.
WASHINGTON-The Veterans Administration said yesterday that
some four million veterans with GI term insurance will no longer have
to apply for renewal of their policies for another five-year term be-
fore the policies expire.
The new procedure became effective Thursday with the sign-
ing by President Eisenhower of a bill providing automatic renewal
of the term policies if they have,
* * *
GRAND RAPIDS - Names
of one non-existent bishop and
one bishop long dead are includ-
GAMMA GLOBULIN SHOTS:
Operation Lollipop Hailed Effective