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July 11, 1952 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1952-07-11

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EDITOR'S NOTE
See Page 2

Latest Deadline in the State

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X000

FAIR AND WARMER

VOL. LXII, No. 183 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 11, 1952

FOUR PAGES

GOP Convention
Adopts Platform
} Republicans Blast Administration
For Corruption, Socialist Trend
CONVENTION HALL, CHICAGO-)-The Republican National
Convention yesterday adopted a 1952 Platform bristling with denun-
ciation of the Truman Administration-and in its words-charting
v a road for free men to "march into a new day."
A 6,000-word campaign document-which will become the text-
book for GOP campaign orators in the months ahead-accused the
Democratic Administration with losing the peace abroad and with
trying to set up a socialistic state at home.
4'* * 4
AN ANTICIPATED battle over the platform stand on the touchy

Desperate
To Bl(

Taft

Forces

Rally
Victory

)ck

Early

Ike

issue of civil rights failed to deve
Frisbie Out
As Warden
At Jackson
By The Associated Press
A "get tough" policy was order-
ed at riot-wracked Southern Mi-
chigan Prison yesterday with the
firing of Warden Julian N. Fris-
bie and the naming of William H.
Bannan to succeed him.
Bannan, 52-year-old Deputy
Warden at the Ionia Reformatory
for the past 14 years, is generally
recognized as a "tough" penolo-
gist. He was instructed to take ov-
er at the Jackson Institution, the
world's largest walled prison, im-
mediately as provisional warden.
* *
FRISBIE, 60, a retired Marine
General who ran the prison
through two inmate uprisings in
the past three months, was accus-
ed of failing to get the situation
under control after the disastrous
April riot and mutiny. He had
been placed on probationary sta-
tus at that time.
State corrections commissioner
Earnest C. rooks, who anounce
the shakeup after a conference
with Gov. Williams, said of Ban-
nan's appointment
"He has been instructed to
bring that institution under
control, re-establish discipline
and get the State Police out of
Jackson."
Bannan, who came here from
Ionia and then went directly to
Jackson, said his first move would
pbe to investigate last Sunday
night's disturbance, when prison-
ers ran rampant in one cellblock
and held two guards until their
demands for restoration of privi-
leges were met.
In Jackson, Frisbie said last
night he was displeased at his
"summary" dismissal, and af-
firmed that he had done the
best he could "with the means
at my disposal."
Meanwhile, a study of Michi-
gan's prison setup by the Osborne
Association has been authorized
by the special committee named
by Gov. Williams to look into the
prison problem.
John Barker Waite, Professor
Emeritus of the University Law
School, will study the state's crim-
inal code for the association.
Truman Signs
46.6 Bilon
Defense Bill
WASHINGTON- (VP) -A bill
providing $46,600,000,000 in de-
fense funds for the next 12 months
was signed by President Truman
yesterday.
It furnishes the cash to estab-
lish a powerful 143-wing air force
by the middle of 1955.
THE EFFECTIVE strength of
the Ar Force now is about 90
wings. A wing ranges from about
18 heavy bombers to 75 fighters,
with administrative and mainten-
ance personnel.
Although the bill gives the
Army, Navy and Air Force five
billion dollars less than the
President requested, it does not
carry the 46 billion ceiling on
military spending voted by the
House.
ml.. mll 11~ ... tnn d . nn

lop. Northern proponents of com-
pulsory federal action to end ra-
cial discrimination in employment
of workers interpreted a "middle-
of-the-road" plank as favoring
their position.
Adoption of the platform
came on a unanimous voice vote
after Sen. Eugene D. Millikin of
Colorado, chairman of the Con-
vention's Resolution's Commit-
tee, had read the lengthy docu-
ment to the delegates.
In bitter tones of denunciation,
the Platform charged that the
party in power has been fostering
class strife for political purposes
and hampering domestic progress
by "unnecessary and crushing
taxation."
It said that freedom and liberty
at home had been lost, and prom-
ised to re-establish them.
S * * *
Here, in brief, are the major
planks of the GOP Platform:
FOREIGN POLICY - Promises
to win peace through collective
security measures on a global ba-
sis and to "restore" American pres-
tige abroad. Charges that Tru-
man policy swings between "timid
appeasement" and "reckless blus-
ter."
NATIONAL DEFENSE -Prom-
ises to remedy the "disgracefully
lagging" defense program with
utmost speed -- particularly air
power.
COMMUNISM -- Carges the
Democratic administration with
appeasement of Communism at
home and abroad, and promises
to clear the disloyal out of gov-
ernment.
TAXATION--Would cut govern-
ment spending, balance the budget
and reduce taxes.
AGRICULTURE-Promises a
farm program free of "socialis-
tic controls." Favors pariy pric-
es at the market place.
LABOR -Favors retaining the
Taft-Hartley Law, with modifica-
tions.
'U' To Move
Into Angell
Hall Addition
The University is scheduled to
move into the new $4,700,000 An-
gell Hall addition next week, Vice-
President Wilbur K. Pierpont an-
nounced yesterday.
According to Pierpont, the func-
tional, three-unit addition will be
completely furnished by the end
of August, slightly ahead of sched-
ule.
Classrooms, office and audi-
torium units have been named
Mason Hall, Haven Hall, and
Angell Hall Auditoriums res-
pectively.
Mason Hall, one of the first
University buildings, was long a
campus landmark.
Haven Hall first housed the Law
School and later held literary col-
lege classes until it was spectac-
ularly burned to the ground in
June 1950.

Taft Forces
Still Sure
Of Victory
CHICAGO-(P)-Sen. Robert A.
Taft's battered forces piled back
into the fight for the Republi-
can Presidential Nomination yes-
terday and claimed gains in a
comeback from Wednesday night's
reverses at the hands of the Con-
vention.
The bitter make-or-break vote
tests with Gen. Dwight D. Eisen-
hower's troops are due to start
this morning.
CHALLENGING the Eisenhower
camp's claims that victory for the
General is in the bag, Taft told
a news conference "I expect to be
nominated." He denied persistent
rumors that he might quit the race
and throw his support for the pres-
idential bid to Gov. Earl Warren
of California, as a means to block
out Eisenhower.
"I have no plans to throw
my Convention votes to anyone
if I could, and I don't think I
could," Taft declared. Aides had
said the same thing earlier about
recurring rumors that he might
bow out and support Gen. Doug-
las MacArthur against Eisen-
hower.
Taft said he had talked by tele-
phone with MacArthur during the
day, but declined to discuss de-
tails of their talk. He declared cat-
egorically, however, that the Vice
Presidency was not even mention-
ed in the conversation. MacAr-
thur has been one of his coun-
sellors on military policy problems,
and supports him for the nomi-
nation.
Taft drove back into the fight
declaring he saw no signs of any
significant desertions from his
ranks as a result of ranking de-
feats which Wednesday night
blocked the seating of heavily
pro-Taft delegations to the Na-
tional Convention from Georgia
and Texas.
The upsets cost him valuable
Convention votes, but the Sena-
tor insisted he is gathering re-
placements. He predicted the first
ballot on nominations will give
him between 530 and 535 votes,
some 80 short of the 604 required
to nominate but enough to mean
the upper hand over Eisenhower.
* * *
IN EISENHOWER headquarters,
an obvious air of confidenc pre-
vailed yesterday, fanned by vic-
tory in key GOP Convention test
votes and by a swelling stream of
callers.
There was increasing talk of a
quick nomination.
The visiting well-wishers in-
cluded Gov. Theodore R. Mc-
Keldin of Maryland, who pre-
dicted that Eisenhower would
win the party Presidential prize
on the initial ballot.
"He may very well be right,"
said Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
of Massachusetts, Eisenhower's
campaign manager.
Lodge added, however, that he
had never made such a claim him-
self.

* * 4

* * *

PART OF MICHIGAN'S DELEGATION CAUCUSES WHILE ELSEWHERE IN THE HALL IKE DELEGATES STAGE A PARADE

* * *

* *

Austerity
LONDON -(UP) --A shocked
House of Commons heard a
left wing Laborite proposeWed-
nesday that financially hard-
pressed Queen Elizabeth turn
Buckingham Palace into an
apartment house to help make
ends meet.
But the house defeated by
overwhelming majorities that
suggestion by Emrys Hughes
and others aimed at cutting
the Queen's wages.

Gate-crashers Barge in on Convention

By MIKE SCHERER
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO - Convention Hall
was packed to the rafters Wed-
nesday night for the crucial ses-
sion which saw General Eisenhow-
er jump into the lead for the GOP
presidential nomination.
Gate-crashers. already having a
field day at the Convention, were
in their glory. Many succeeded in
entering, but more were caught
and turned away.

Kefauver, Russell, Harriman
Fight on for Democratic Nod
By The Associated Press
Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, who hopes to succeed President
Truman in the White House, accused the Republican National Con-
vention yesterday of having made the American worker "the for-
gotten man."
Kefauver, front-running candidate for the Democratic presiden-
tial nomination, said the newly unveiled G.O.P. platform had given the
waste-basket treatment" to labor proposals, and he declared:
"In its eagerness to serve the Wall Street wing, the Republican
party once again has turned its back on 16 million trade unionists."
______________________________*___*___*_(

SEVERAL SYSTEMS of effec-
tive gate-crashing have been em-
ployed. Demonstration mobs often
used sheer force to push their way
into the hall. Bribes to doorkeep-
ers, ushers and sergeants-at-arms
were frequently tried by single
Convention fans.
But the method which has
worked most effectively to date
is one requiring teamwork and
at least one ticket. The first
partner gains entrance with his
ticket, then sends the ticket out
to his cohort via a page.
However, once the gate-crasher
is sitting with a delegation in the
midst of things, he finds he would
Allies Plan
Big Four Meet
WASHINGTON - () - The
Western powers planned today to
offer to meet with Russia for the
specific purpose of cerating an
"impartial" commission to deter-
mine whether free elections can
be held throughout divided Ger-
many.
The proposal might mean a
break in the long East-West de-
bate over German unification, but
it was hinged on conditions which
some diplomats doubted Moscow
would accept.
The United States, Britain and
France, in new identical notes,
gave notice that Russia must agree
in advance to genuinely free elec-
tions in the Soviet Zone, and to
participation of a free German
government in negotiation of a
peace treaty.
Russia, which has been press-
ing for a Big Four conference on
Germany for the past four months,
thus far has failed to make a
commitment on these points.

know more about what is going
on if he had stayed home and
watched television. Although the
excitement is certainly greater,
the vastness of the whole affair
makes it difficult to follow.
Few delegates seem to know
what is going on in crucial meet-
ings outside of Convention Hall.
It took more than an hour for re-
sults of the Louisiana delegate
quarrel in Credentials Committee
hearings to get to parts of the
convention floor.
BOREDOM WAS the keynote of
Wednesday afternoon's session,
which had to stall until the Cre-
dentials Committee report was
ready. It was rather disconcerting
to watch Convention speakers giv-
ing their all on the platform, while
practically no one listened.
But as the long-awaited re-
port came yesterday,the at-
mosphere changed to one of
electric excitement.
The declaration of an uncom-
mitted state always creates a tense
moment in roll calls, and yester-
day was no exception.
After individual roll calls of the
huge New York and Pennsylvania
delegations, the Hall broke into
gales of pent up laughter over a
10 minute argument between Con-
vention officials and a Puerto Ri-
can delegate who wanted a poll of
his three man delegation.
He got his request and delivered
an extra vote to Eisenhower forces.
Late Scores
AMERICAN LEAGUE
Philadelphia 11, Cleveland 0
New York 10, St. Louis 2
Chicago 2-4, Washington 0-2
NATIONAL LEAGUE
Pittsburgh 6, New York 4
St. Louis 10, Philadelphia 3

Ohio Senator
Must Face
BallotToday
Rowdiest GOP
Convention Ever
BULLSEIN
As The Daily went to press at
1 a.m. today, the Eisenhower
forces were staging their whoop-
ing demonstration and all four
candidates had reputedly reach-
ed an agreement to adjourn aft-
er the nominating speeches. Un-
der this agreement the firstbal-
lot was scheduled for 10:30 a.m.
today.
CONVENTION HALL, Chicago
-(P)--Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhow-
er's victory-scenting forces built
their strategy last night on clinch-
ing the GOP Presidential Nomi-
nation on an early ballot before
harried ranks of Sen. Robert A.
Taft could regroup effectively for
a desperate never-give-up fight.
However, Taft forces did get a
breather. The balloting on a nom-
inee was put off unil today be-
cause of a series of "the-man-who"
nominating speeches which lasted
into the early morning hours to-
day at the 25th Republican Na-
tional Convention. Even with that
delay on a showdown, the Eisen-
hower camp was talking more and
more of a first ballot blitz.
YET FAVORITE son candidates
on whom Eisenhower depends to
flock to his standard-Gov. Earl
Warren of California and former
Gov. Harold E. Stassen of Min-
nesota-still held to hopes of a
deadlock that would give them a
chance.
So the whole outcome of the
roughest, rowdiest Republican
Convention battle in years re-
mained in doubt.
Eisenhower, nevertheless, was
clearly out front at last and run-
ning hard. His leaders attempted
at every turn to make capital of
two key test vote victories on the
convention floor that gave the
General the bulk of the disputed
Georgia and Texas delegations in
the early morning hours yesterday.
Late yesterday Eisenhower had
lined up nine more delegates,
whereas Taft had picked up only
one.
THE Associated Press tally of
delegates stood like this:-
Eisenhower 523.
Taft 487.
Others 110.
Uncommitted 86.
Needed to nominate 604.
In Convention Hall last night
and this morning the various party
orators turned out their best ef-
forts' for their respective candi-
dates.
Sen. Robert A. Taft was placed
in nomination by Sen. Everett M.
Dirksen of Illinois, who said "Taft
has the courage to do the un-
popular thing when principle de-
mands it."
Taft's name was the first of the
expected contenders to be placed
before the convention.
Then Sen. William F. Know-
land of California put California
Gov. Earl Warren in nomina-
tion as "a candidate who can
give the leadership the nation
now so desperately needs."

Next in line to be nominated
was Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower
-who was hailed as the man to
unite his party and drive "the
stench and stigma" from Wash-
ington.
Gov. Theodore Roosevelt Mc-
Keldin of Maryland, in a formal
nominating speech, entered Eis-
enhowe's.. a efnin the bitter

Snubbed Spy
Goes to Jail

LONDON-(1P)-Spindly, pasty-
faced William Marshall, a foreign
office radio operator who said
snubs of his countrymen turned his
head toward Moscow, was sen-
tenced yesterday to five years in
prison for jotting down British
secrets and handing some to the
Russians.
Marshall, 24, declared "I am still
innocent" as the Judge, Sir Pat-
rick Barry, pronounced the com-
paritively light sentence in his-
toric old Bailey

KEFAUVER, campaigning in Ill-
inois, said he expects to win the
Democratic nomination on the
fifth or sixth ballot at the Chicago
Convention starting July 21.
In Washington, D.C., Russell
put a high rating on his own
chances.
Emerging from a White House
talk with President Truman, Rus-
sell told newsmen:
"I would not exchange places
this morning with any other
candidate for the Democratic
nomination."
Meanwhile in Detroit another
candidate, Averell Harriman, de-
scribed the 1952 Republican Plat-
form last night as "one of the
most unconvincing documents of
all time."

NATIONALIZATION CONTROVERS Y DIMINISHES:
British Parties Nearing Accord on Domestic Policy

(EDIToR'S NOTE: This is the second in a series of interpretive articles
dealing with impressions of Europe today. The author, next year's Daily
City Editor, is working in Europe during the summer as a free-lance
writer.)
By BARNES CONNABLE
Special to The Daily

I

* * * *

i

been poorly implemented in some areas, on the surface has done little
harm and considerable good.

l

, , ,

I

LONDON-Major differences between the Labour and Conser-
vative parties here seem to be pretty much non-existent.
British businessmen we've talked with have cited opposing stands
on international economic policies. A few have indicated a cleavage
haA.CorI nn +ni ntit n sn fn+tonalinzation

FOR INSTANCE, in medicine, a jealously-guarded profession in
America, rates and service have apparently remained on a fairly
stable level.
We must look behind the figures for another significance of
Labour reforms. The evils are reflected in the pub talks, the ban-
alities of cocktail circles and the jokes of cabaret singers.
This is the cradle-to-grave nhilosonhv. the constant awareness of

~.. ~'-1~.'

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