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VOL. LXH, No. 178 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 3, 1952
WASHINGTON - (/P) - A Senate subcommittee accused Owen
Lattimore yesterday of intentionally serving Communist purposes and
of lying to the committee on at least five points.
The group recommended perjury action against Lattimore and.
against John P. Davies, Jr., a State Department official whom the
report also accused of giving untrue testimony.
* *4 * *
DAVIES, now Deputy Director of Political Affairs for the' U.S.
High Commission at Bonn, said in Germany that "I certainly deny
allegations of perjury." The subcommittee said he falsely denied
that he recommended persons with Communist connections for intel-
Lattimore withheld comment pending issuance of a formal
statement through his attorney. The points on which he is ac-
cused of lying range from his testimony that Outer -Mongolia
was independent of the Soviets up to World War II, to the
question whether Lattimore arranged to have a student report a
committee hearing for him.
The Internal Security Subcommittee made the charges in a
formal report to the Judiciary Committee on its longinquiry into
the Institute of Pacific Relations. Under the leadership of Sen. Mc-
Carran (D-Nev.), who also heads the full committee, the group spent
more than a year searching for evidence of Communist influence on
American policy in the far east. It centered its study on the IPR.
YESTERDAY'S REPORT asserted that he has been "a conscious
articulate instrument of the Soviet conspiracy" and declared at an-
other point that throughout its hearings his "connections and asso-
ciation with the Communist international organization" were shown
to be pronounced.
Lattimore, in a formal statement through an attorney late
yesterday, said the call for perjury action is "fantastic."
He added that it is "inane as the recent report that I was trying
to leave the country without a passport." The State Department
apologized to him last week for a stop order to prevent him from
leaving on any trip behind the Iron Curtain. The tip on which that
t order was based turned out to be a hoax.
"Untrue and supported by no credible evidence," Lattimore said
of the accusation that he was a "conscious instrument" of the Reds.
Calling the 1952 Republican nomination fight a close "horse race,"
Prof. Samuel J. Eldersveld of the political science department refused
to make any predictions as to its possible outcome.
Speaking~ yesterday to an overflow, Speech Assembly audience in
the Rackham Amphitheatre, Prof. Eldersveld discussed the method
and significance of the colorful convention system which selects
presidential candidates every four years.
Into Soviet Zone
BERLIN - (P) - Three touring
American priests and their Ger-
man woman driver were snatched
up on the Berlin border by rifle-
waving Communist police yester-
day and rushed into Russian cap-
The three young priests, from
the Chicago diocese, were wear-
ing their clerical collars when
they strayed a few feet over the
line into the .Soviet zone and
pointed a camera at a Russian of-
* * *
HE IMMEDIATELY ordered a
black-booted Communist police
detachment into action and they
forced the priests' car behind a
Soviet checkpoint barrier. The
car was confiscated.
The United States immediate-
ly demanded the release of the
The United States provost mar-
shal first listed all four as repre-
sentatives of Cralog (Catholic Re-
lief Agencies Operating in Ger-
But J. J. J. Norris, of Elizabeth,
N.J., European director for the
National Catholic Welfare Confer-
ence at Frankfurt, said the priests
were not connected with Crolog or
Norris said the three priests "all
in their 30's," attended the World
Eucharistic Congress in Barcelona
and were touring Germany while
on leave from their diocese.
It was believed the captives were
being held last night at Karls-
horst, Russian headquarters, al-
though Soviet authorities had not
acknowledged that the priests were
being held in their zone.
HOUSTON, Tex. - (P), - Twenty-three Republican Governors
voiced yesterday a powerful demand to bar contested delegates from
voting on the admission of disputed colleagues to the Republican
In a surprise move that was regarded here as a heavy blow at
-the presidential nomination hopes of Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio,
the Governors said in a statement any other course would put the
party "under a serious moral cloud."
* * *. *
BOTH SUPPORTERS of Taft and Gen. Dwight. D. Eisenhower,
Ohioan's chief rival for the nomination, joined in the statement.
RIGHT. OF WAY ARGUMENT OCCURS AT CROSSING WITHOUT STOP SIGN
* ** , . * * * *
Unmarked Intersections Annoy Drivers
While road crews busily widen
Ann Arbor streets to step up the
flow of traffic, local drivers stil
face the hazard of several un-
marked intersections throughout
A spot check yesterday disclosed
five intersections at which there
was no traffic control sign or
THE MOST neglected street is
Tappan which lacks any controls
at both the Monroe and Oakland
Other intersections without
traffic signs are Detroit and N.
Fifth, E. Jefferson and T]homp-
son, and Catharine and Thayer.
The spot check was made as a
result of several complaints of
near accidents which reached The
Daily during the past week.
Drivers reported that they did
not realize cars approaching from
other directions could also enter
the intersection without stopping.
By the time two driverA saw one
another, they said, the cars were
close to collision.
Local automotists familiar with
Ann Arbor streets habituallyg low
down when approaching these in-
According to police there are no
plans at present to install any
more stop signs in Ann ArboA.
Meanwhile two stop signs are
sitting idly on the corner of S.
Division and E. Auron where the
traffic is controlled by lights.
Nyaradi Describes Russian Methods
S * 4s
A Russian periodical agency has
turned thumbs down on a request
by Gargoyle (editors to exchange
issues of the University humor
magazine with the Soviet publi-
The refusal came two months
after Gargoyle editors made the
request "just to see what would
happen." Nothing much did, be-
yond the receipt of a sample copy
The writer of the letter, a rep-
resentative of the Export De-
partment of the Soviet Periodi-
cals agency, said that a copy of
the request had been sent to the
State Lenin Library dealing with
the exchange of books "as ex-
change is beyond the competence
of (this agency)." He advised
them to subscrib# to "Soviet Un-
ion" through a New York per-
With only two more days to reg-
ister for the presendential pri-
mary, voter registrations are about
equal to the 18,619 total in the
September, 1948 election, accord-
ing to City Clerk Fred J. Looker.
Looker said the city's voter reg-
istration total stood at 17,585 for
the April 7 election. He estimated
that "about 1,000 more residents
had registered since."
City Hal will be closed on Fri-
day, July 4, because of the legal
holiday. However, the clerk's of-
fice will remain open until 8 p.m.
Monday for last minute registra-
IN AN ANALYSIS of the dele-
gate strength of major candidates,
he pointed out that Taft needs an
additional 120 votes to achieve the
604 required for nomination, while
Eisenhower is 197 delegates away
According to Prof. Eldersveld,
these votes are to be found in
four places: 1) 70 votes are
tied up in Southern or contested
delegations, 2) five crucial states
control an additional 180 dele-
gates, 3) 18 states have between
them 40 undecided delegates in
blocks of one or two per state,
and 4) seven states have an ad-
ditional 40 uncommitted dele-
gates in blocks of six or seven.
He concluded that each indi-
vidual delegate will be tremen-
dously important because Taft
strength in one group will be off-
set by Eisenhower gains in an-
Discussing the public's attitude
towarda politics, he characterized
Americans as "ignorant of factors
of politics and cynical of conven-
* * *
"CONVENTIONS will receive
more public attention this year
than any time before," Prof El-
dersveld continued. In 1944 only
400,000 television sets were in use,
but this year 18,000,000 TV sets
are in American homes, he said.
Reviewing criticisms of the con-
vention system, Prof. Eldersveld
stressed that the 1206 Republican
and 1230 Demiocratic delegates
cannot be a deliberative body "if
you operate on the assungtion
that real decisions are made on
the convention floor."
He pointed out, however, that
these decisions are usually made
in delegate caucuses or meet-
ings of party leaders.
Conceding that the convention
organization permits manuevering
and manipulation, he told the aud-
ience that they must remember
the convention's chief function:
nomination of candidates who all
diverse elements of the party can
By HARRY LUNN
Warning that the adage "know
your enemy" is truer today than
ever before, Nicholas Nyaradi, an
exile from Russian tryanny, out-
lined Communist methods of psy-
chological control of their sub-
jects, and territorial seizure.
Speaking on "Man and State in
Communist Countries," the form-
er Hungarian finance minister
gave the fourth lecture in the
summer series "Modern Views on
Man and Society" yesterday.
IN ANALYZING the psychology
which keeps Iron Curtain people
in subjection to their masters, he
emphasized that "Stalin has a
great amount of support from his
own people, not because they are
happy or like him, but because
they do notknow how downtrod-
den they are in comparison to
citizens in other nations."
The Voict of America is an
ineffectual "propaganda device,
because only a trusted one per
cent of the people own radios
and news reaches all other Rus-
sians via controlled newspapers
or loud speaker systems run by
the state, he explained.
"There is a treasure chest in
the Russian population--a hoard
of discontented people," he said.
"The best way to reach them
sia avoids Asiatic prejudice against
"Genocide by education'is the
chief Russian method of con-
trol in the bordering Iron Cur-
tain countries, he pointed out.
While the older generation re-
tains their Western sympathies,
he emphasized, children are be-
ing indoctrinated in the belief
that "Lenin is God and Stalin
Teachers call the Christian God
an invention of American capital-
istic warmongers he added.
Striking at the misconception
that Communism is a mass move-
ment, the exiled Hungarian re-
lated that the Communist party is
actually a relatively small group
of people who form the leadership
for revolution and later govern the
large ignorant masses.
He outlined three steps in
Communist acquisition of a
country: 1) Formation of a new
aristocracy to rule over the whole
of society, 2) Neutralization of
the great masses either by ter-
rorization and confusion or by
their consent, and 3) Destruc-
tion of every enemy or potential
In conclusionNyaradi warned
that the Communists are a fa-
natical and determined clique who
are sure of their ultimate victory.
WASHINGTON - OP) -- A jet
fighter entirely without guns-but
bristling with rockets - was an-
nounced by the Air Force yester-
The new plane, the Lockheed
F-94C Starfire, has been made so
nearly automatic through the use
of radar and mechanical brains
that it spots the enemy miles
away, locks onto the target, tracks,
closes, aims and opens fire-all by
The pilot and radar operator
do little more than take the plane
off, bring it to the general target
area and then switch on the
"electronic crew." The pilot also
must land the plane, but elec-
tronics do the rest.
The air force says that the Star-
fire is the first air force fighting
plane ever to have all-rocket arm-
ament. It has 24 "mighty mouse"
2.75-inch rockets in a ring of firing
tubes aroundthenose, and can
carry more rockets in new-type
armament pods on the wings.
Philadelphia 4-2, Brooklyn 3-1
Chicago 8-3, Pittsburgh 3-4
Boston 2, New York 1
Philadelphia 4, Washington 1
Cleveland 3, St. Louis 2
Chicago 3, Detroit 2
Up 17 Votes
By The Associated Press
Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio
grabbed 17 Georgia votes yester-
day and set his sights on a first
ballot victory in the National Con-
vention that meets here Monday
to pick a Republican presidential
"There may not pe a second bal-
lot," the Ohio Senator told a
* * *
ROOTERS for Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower refused to let their
man be counted out that easily or
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge pub-
licly gave up hope of winning an
important victory from the Re-
publican National Committee but
predicted better treatment on the
Eisenhower followers set up a
howl about "steamroller tactics,"
"steal," and "doublecross." They
promised to appeal the Georgia
decision to the Convention Cre-
dentials Committee and, if nec-
essary, stage a floor fight to
seat the rival Georgia delega-
tion that has 14 votes committed
to Eisenhower, two to Taft and
one on the fence.
Eisenhower forces, in fact, took
their worst shellacking and Taft
supporters racked up their great-
est victory of the pre-convention
He bluntly warned the South
that it's welfare is "wrapped up
in the Democratic Party" and pre-
dicted "there will be no bolt."
Arm y Acts
To Step Up:
acted yesterday to replace about
700,000 soldiers who will complete
their service terms in the coming
In simultaneous announcements
the Army forecast stepped-up
draft quotas beginning in October
and ordered all units in the Unit-
ed States to produce trained en-
listed men to take the place of
The moves were prompted by
the necessity to maintain" the
authorized manpower total and
the number of combat divisions
and units during the 'government
year which started July 1,
The issue of whether contest-
ed delegations-seated tempor-
arily in the convention by ac-
tion of the Taft-controlled GOP
National Committee-can vote
on the admission of themselves
and other disputed groups may
influence the final decision for
the party nomination.
There are now 72 delegates In
the dispute from seven states in
the battle between Taft and Eis-
enhower for the nomination.
Taft controls the machinery of
the convention, opening Monday
in Chicago. One of the Taft dele-
gates, Walter " Hallanan of West
Virginia, is in a position as tem-
porary chairman to rule on wheth-
er the temporarily-seated delega-
tions can vote, on contests. His
ruling can be appealed to the con-
IN A TELEGRAM addressed to
Guy G. Gabrielson, National
Chairman, convention officials
and all the candidates, the 23 Re-
publican Governors said that the
good name of the party can only
be upheld "if no contested dele-.
gation is permitted to vote on the
question of seating any contested
"Any other course would per-
mit some contested delegates ts
sit as accused, judge and jury,",
which would be wholly allen to
every American concept of fair-
ness, justice and equity," the
"We believe that if the contest-
ed delegations are permitted to
vote on the seating of other con-
tested state delegations the Re-
publican Party-no matter who
ultimately may become the Re-
publican, nominee-will enter a
vital and difficult campaign un-
der a serious moral cloud.
These strong words of the Gov-
ernors were regarded as likely to
have a telling impact on the con-
vention officials," especially since
they were subscribed to by Gov.
Earl Warren of California, himself
a candidate for the nomination.
munist truce negotiators late
last night made a new proposal
to settle the prisoner of war ex-
change issue and urged that it
be considered today in secret
The United Nations command
quickly called for adjournment
to study the Red proposal.
By The Associated Press
Allied raiders blasted and burn-
ed Communist troops from hillside.
.bunkers yesterday near the Pan-
munjom truce site in Western
Meanwhile Gen. James A. Van
Fleet said yesterday that much
heavier air' blows could force the
Communists into signing a Kor-
can armistice. He called for more'
air pdwer to do the job.
Four state political leaders will
participate in a political panel
discussion at 4:15 p.m. Wednes-
day, Aug. 6 in the Rackham Le-
ture Hall, it was announced yes-
... Hungarian exile
and to dispel the prejudices of
other Russians is to send balloons
with cheap American mass pro-
ducts over their cities," he sug-
THIS IGNORANCE of American
ways is the chief psychological
device used by the Russians in-
side their own country, he indi-
cated. In China they have taken
the role of "agrarian reformers"
and stood as a silent partner be-
hind Mao-Tse Tung, he added.
Thus Chinese seldom or never
hear about Communism, and Rus-
GOTHIC FILM SOCIETY PROGRAM:
Second Summer Production Schedule Chosen
# # # * *
By VIRGINIA VOSS
For its second consecutive sum-
mer program, the Gothic Film So-
ciety will present six movie clas-
sics chosen to supplement the Uni-
versity's "Modern Views of Man
and Society" series.
Beginning with a German sound
film, "Kameradschaf.t" on Mon-
day, July 7, Gothic Film's pro-
gram includes both sound and si-
lent motion pictures produced
rm_ 1019 t ,Q'
mand," the story of a discred-
ited Russian aristocrat.
Besides representing a survey of
the development of >film tech-
niques, the six pictures reflect in-
fluential political and social con-
ditions in Europe and the United
THE STORY of a mine disaster
in the 1931 German picture "Kam-
eradschaft" projects the director's
ideas of the possibilities of inter-
edy'" which reflected the bewild-
erment of the 20's.
A REVOLUTIONARY film with
a symbolic social purpose, D. W.
Griffith's "Intolerance" impressed
Russia's Lenin so much that he
invited Griffith to lead the new
Soviet film industry.
King Vidor's "The Big Par-
ade" attempts to put across the
feeling of a vast country being
1.,,.- 4 ... T .n .,1-4