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Michigan Daily, 1952-08-03

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mo

ELECTION DAY
See Page 2

Latest Deadline in the State

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VOL. LXII, No. 200

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, AUGUST 3, 1952

FOUR PAGES

I K

;irma

Stevenson,
Ike Camps
OpenFire
Headquarters
Exchange Blasts
By The Associated Press
Preliminary shots were exchang-
ed last night between the camps
of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhow~er and
Gov. Adlai Stevenson, the Repub-
lican and Democratic presidential
n ominees.
In a statement issued from the
executive mansion in Springfield,
Ill., Stevenson said he wondered
if Eisenhowre's "crusade" is not
"more for office than principle."
* * *
"MY DISTINGUISHED oppon-
ent says that he will support 'to
the limit' Republican party win-
ners, whoever they may be, and
attach them firmly to his 'cru-
sade' Stevenson stated.
"Apparently any Republican
primary winner automatically
becomes a commissioned officer
in this 'crusade' no matter how
much his views may differ from
those of the commander in
chief."
Eisenhower's campaign mana-
ger; Arthur E. Summerfield, let off
a fusillade of his own from the
General's temporary headquart-
ers in Denver.
Stevenson, he said in a prepared
statement, would "out-Truman the
Truman regime in leading the na-
tion down the road to complete
socialism."
SUMMERFIELD contended that
when the Illinois governor ap-
pointed Wilson W. Wyatt as his
personal campaign manager Fri-
day it meant that "the ultra-left
wingers-not the Democratic Par"
ty-will have complete charge of
his campaign." Wilson has long
been an exponent of the Roosevelt
New Deal and the Truman Fair
Deal.
President Truman said In
Kansas City yesterday heis
awaiting the word to start out
on a bare-knuckle campaign tour
in behalf of Stevenson.
But the word must come 'from
Stevenson, the President told
James Arrington, former Demo-
cratic chairman in Oklahoma. "I'm
just a private in the rear ranks
now," Arrington quoted Truman
as saying.
An Associated Press survey of
the 13 state in the "solid South"
indicated yesterday that Eisen-
hower has a better chance of win-
ning electoral votes in November
than any GOP presidential nomi-
nee since Herbert Hoover in 1928.
IN WASHINGTON there was
speculation that Sen. Robert A.
Taft of Ohio, who lost the Repub-
lican nomination to Eisenhower,
may face a fight next January to
retain his key post as chairman of
the Senate GOP Policy Commit-
tee.
Taft has held the job since 1944,
but his leadership has been chal-
lenged from time to time by a
group of young Senators, including
several influential backers of Eis-
enhower.
Flood Threat
Temporarily
Eased at Soo
By The Associated Press

Army engineers decided yester-
day to close the spigots on Lake
Superior and ease temporarily at
least flood threats in the lower
St. Marys River.
The announcement from the
Army district engineer's office in
Detroit was good news to residents
of the Sault Ste. Marie area.
* * *
THEY claimed the Army with-
out warning on Thursday turned
loose a flood by opening 15 of the
16 gates in a compensating dam
. between Lakes Superior and
Huron.
Shore residents along the St.
Marys demanded immediate ac-
tion to stop the water from
flooding their properties.
Lt. Col. John D. Bristor, army
district engineer, said part ofthe
compensating gates will be closed
today "for approximately two
days." He said this was being done
to nermit the Chinnewa county

-Daily-Jack Bergstroi
ERIC HASS, SOCIALIST LABOR PARTY CANDIDATE
*. , * *
Socialist labor Leader
Predicts National Crisis

By HARRY LUNN
A crisis in this country which
will result in the overthrow of the
present social and political system
is "coming with frightening velo-
city," according to Eric Hass, pre-
sidential candidate of the Social-
ist Labor Party.
The crisis may be caused by in-
flation, reversals in foreign affairs
or a number of other factors oc-
curing at the same time, Hass be-
lieves. When this great debacle
NY Railroad
Strike Off
Temporarily
NEW YORK-(P)-A threaten-
ed strike on the New York Central
railroad lines east of Buffalo is
off at least temporarily and a com-
pany-union conference aimed at
settling the dispute was set last
.night for tomorrow.
Railroad and Union officials
reached agreement on the confer-
ence several hours after union of-
ficials had called off, at least until
tomorrow, the threatened strike.
THE UNIONS meanwhile sched-
uled a meeting of their own for
the same day in Cleveland.
Tomorrow's conference was
announced by Lawrence W.
Horning, vice president in charge
of personnel and public rela-
tions for the New York Central.
It followed by several hours a
joint statement by officials of two
rail unions saying there was "no
truth" in Friday's report that the
strike would start today.
The threatened strike, by an es-
timated 1,500 operating employes,
reportedlyhad been authorized
for any time after 6 a.m. (EST)
today.
UNDER DISPUTE, it was said,
were working rules and grievances
covering more than 300 issues dat-
ing back to 1950.
Services Plan
Commissions
WASHINGTON-(1P)-The army
and Air Force are completing plans
to offer commissions of indefin-
ite length to reserve officers, and
to release those who decline.
The action is called for under
recently passed Armed Forces Re-
serve Act. Plans are the same for
Army and AirForce Reserve Of-
ficers. A similar plan already is in
effect for Navy and Marine Corps
reserves.
ARMY spokesman said the in-
definite appointment plan pro-
vides these main advantages:
1. Elimination of the commis-
sion renewal. resulting in dollar

happens Hass and his co-workers
stand ready to offer a program
that will establish control of in-
dustry under the workers.
THE 47-YEAR-OLD presiden-
tial candidate was in Ann Arbor
yesterday to give a radio broad-
cast and meet with local party
workers. Then he went to Detroit
where he also appeared on a radio
program.
Besides acting as the party's
standard bearer, Hass edits the
weekly Socialist Labor newspa-
per which originates in the par-
ty's New York headquarters. He
also has charge of publishing
the numerous pamphlets and
books which are distributed
throughout the country.
The presidential campaign will
be carried by Hass throughout the
country beginning in September.
At present, the vice-presidential
candidate, Stephen Emery, is on
a speaking tour and will probably
stop in Ann Arbor during the cam-
paign.
* * *
THE SOCIALIST Labor Party
believes in the Marxist interpre-
tation of history which stresses the
role of economic factors in shap-
ing the world's history. "The ma-
terialistic conception of history to-
gether with the class struggle ex-
plains the evolution of society,"
Hass explained.
T h o u g h it is commonly
thought that Marxists believe in
violent overthrow of govern-
ment by the working classes,
Hass pointed out that Marx be-
lieved that the worker's state
could be achieved by peaceful
means in such countries as the
United States or England.
Thus the SLP advocates over-
throw by ballot, not by force. Al-
though the party has been in ex-
istence since 1892, it has never at-
tracted too many followers, and
only rolled up 40,000 votes in the
last presidential election.
However, the members it does
have are loyal and confident
workers. They believe history is on
their side and feel the party will
eventually triumph.
!?Just because workers have re-
jected our program and responded
irrationally.is no reason why they
will not see how well the program
fits into their industrial system
and use the ballot to vote it in,"
Hass said.
See HASS, Page 4

West Berlin
Prepared for
Red Youth
Communist Rally
Threatens Cay>
BERLIN-- (0) -West Berliners
look for trouble today.
Police riot, squads have been
alerted to repel a threatened at-
tack on the Western part of the
city by fanatical Communist street
fighters.
ThesCommunists have ordered
their blue-shirted Free German
Youth (FDJ) to demonstrate on
the border between the Soviet-
ruled and allied sectors in behalf
of made-in-Moscow proposals for
world peace and German unity.
* * *
WESTERN police squads, armed
with clubs and pistols and backed
by powerful mobile water pumps,
will be on special duty from early
this morning.
For two weeks, the Communist
press has been drumming up a
big "peace rally" in a public
park, the Jungfernheide, in the
British sector. Local German
authorities banned the rally, but
the organizers say they will go
ahead and 10,000 persons will be
there. The FJD was ordered to
mass at four points on the bor-
der in support of the rally.
"Nobody can stop us from sing-
ing, dancing and playing," a Com-
munist East Berlin newspaper
complained.
The Communist challenge came
as West-East tension was high ov-
er the kidnapping of several West
Germans by Red agents this week
and an ominous accusation by the
Russians that the West had brok-
en the agreement that ended the
Berlin blockade of 1948-49 by re-
stricting West German trade with
East Germany.
WESTERN ALLIED officials in
Germany will meet in Bonn next
week to consider a reply to the So-
viet charge. They declined com-
ment until experts have studied
the demands made by Gen. Vas-
sily Chuikov. Soviet control com-
mission chairman.
Although the aim of the Rus-
sian move was not immediately
apparent, observers construed it
significant in view of the ten-
sion in this re-encircled city. It
could foreshadow another block-
ade if the Soviets are looking for
an excuse for such a maneuver.
Shortly after the Soviet licensed
news agency ADN reported the
protest, West German official an-
nounced that East and West Ger-
many had concluded a new trade
agreement calling for the ex-
change of 200 million marks (47
million dollars) worth of goods to
run until Dec. 31.
The Communist press has egged
on the Red Free German Youth
(FDJ) to rush to West Berlin to-
morrow to "demonstrate we are
for peace." In whipping up en-
thusiasm, the Communists have
recalled the bloody street fights on
the boundaries a year ago inwhich
more than 300 persons were injur-
ed.
Acheson Resumes
Flight to Honolulu
SAN FRANCISCO-(RP)-Secre-
tary of State Dean Acheson land-
ed here last night on a twice-

delayed flight to Honolulu for
talks to implement the ANZUS de-
fense treaty between the United
States, Australia and New Zea-
land.
The secretary's military air
transport service Constellation
touched down at San Francisco
International Airport at 9:38 p.m.
Ann Arbor time after an unsched-
uled stopover in Denver on a
flight from Washington.

In Olympic Tests
Victories iii Basketball, Swimming,
Boxing Puts Yanks out of Red Reach
By TED SMITS
HELSINKI-(/P)-United States athletes, their position as the
world's best in jeopardy, grabbed 111 points yesterday to- hurl back
the challenge of the Russians and win the unofficial team title of
the 1952 Olympics, 610 to 5531/2.
Nothing the Russians can do in today's equestrian events, which
will bring an end to competition in these games, can alter the outcome.
FOR 12 DAYS the Soviets, appearing in their first Olympic games,
were in the lead. They started yesterday with an edge of 241/2 tallies,
523%/ to 499.
But the U.S. basketball team won the title to cut into the
margin, Ford Konno shortened it even further by winning the
1,500 meter swim and then a trio of Uncle Sam's nieces swept the
women's platform diving to pass the Russians.

RUINED CROP-A Fayetteville, Ga. farmer and his son unhap-
ily survey their sun-baked nine-acre tract of stunted corn, from
which they expect to harvest only 15 bushels. Rain fell last night
on parched New England fields, but Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky,
Mississippi and South Carolina continued on the list of "disaster
states."
* * * *
Eastern Drought Ends;
Disaster Grows in South
BOSTON-0)-Rain fell like manna from heaven last night over
drought-stricken New England farms and forests.
The weatherman forecast at least half an inch of rain, "possibly
more" to end one of the longest, hottest, driest, most disastrous weath-
er spells ever to blanket New England. During all of July, only a little
more than half an inch fell in Boston.
S * * .*
"THE WEATHER pattern of the past month has been broken
and no hot weather is in sight," the weather bureau said. Rain will
continue through today and possibly into tomorrow, it added.

Police Race
To Bordeaux
Prison Fires
MONTREAL, Que.-(P)-Police
reinforcements and firemen raced
to riot-torn Bordeaux jail again
yesterday when 700 rebellious pris-
oners set new fires to back up
their shouted demands for better
food.
The fires apparently were not
serious and police appeared to be
in control of the six "winged in-
stitution ten miles from downtown
Montreal.
*g *x *s
THE PRISONERS set 17 fires
last night, smashed cell block
locks and fought 200' police in a
two-hour battle. A dozen or more
convicts were injured.
This was the second series of
riots at Bordeaux over food since
last May. Provincial police re-
ported this morning that order
had been restored after Friday's
violent outbreak. Screaming- in-
mates touched off the fresh fires
a few hours later.
Guards had been unable to con-
fine the prisoners in their cell
blocks because of the smashed
locks. The prisoners roamed the
main corridor and adjacent corri-
dors at will. Outside the prison
walls, yelling could be plainly
heard.
Word from within was that yes-
terday's fires were minor and fire-
men who rushed in with fire hoses
were able to put them out without
too much trouble. Ten police squad
cars sped to the scene wheni the
alarm was sounded to join heavily-
armed squads who had been on
guard since Friday.

All during July the sun beat
with merciless fury upon New
England and except. for, scat-
tered sections the only relief
was brief, violent thunderstorms
that wrecked crops, blew down
buildings and trees and destroy-
ed lives.
By the end of July the federal
government had declared Maine
and Massachusetts "disaster areas"
eligible for special relief and state
governments and farmers were
making preparations to produce
mad-made rain.
The drought has pushed fruit
and vegetable prices to record
highs in some sections for this
time of year.
EVEN AS RAIN beat down on
Boston two forest fires in Central
Maine were reported ragingun-
checked and weary fire fighters
were barely able to hold in check
a third blaze.
But in Atlanta, parched fields
and shriveled crops offer mute
but terrible testimony to "one of
the most serious economic dis-
asters .the . country . has .ever
seen."
This grave summation came
from Knox Hutchinson, assistant-
secretary of agriculture. He headed
a group of farm experts which met
at Nashville, Tenn., Friday to seek'
means of relieving millions of
farmers who face ruin because of
the rainless plague.
Mounting damage estimates
have soared past the $500,000
mark.
FARM EXPERTS in the dis-
tressed South say that conditions
are so bad that at least ;three full
days of steady, soaking rains will
be required to save the remaining
crops.
Georgia, South Carolina, Ala-
bama, Kentucky, *Mississippi and
Tennessee are disaster states along
with 27 counties in Arkansas and
some in Missouri. '

Disaster Area

U.S. Tops

Russia

Truman
Ratif ies West.
German Pact;
KANSAS CITY-(AP)-President
Truman yesterday completed
American ratification of the peace
pact with West Germany and the
companion agreement to take that
fraction of a nation into the west's
lineup against Communist aggres-
sion.
The new arrangement is aimed
at giving the Bonn government
practically full soveriegnty, ending
military occupation of its territory
and making it a partner of the
free world. Its actual operation,
however, awaits approval from
the other signaotry nations in-
cluding West Germany itself.
* * *
THE PRESIDENT signed instru-
ments ratifying:
1. The peace contract, which
is the closest approach to a
peace treaty the Western nations
felt they could make while Ger-
many is divided by continuing
Soviet occupation of the eastern
zone.
2. A protocol to the North At-
lantic Treaty Organization (NA-
TO) pact extending its mutual
military guarantees to Western
Germany, but not actually mak-
ing the Germans NATO mem-
bers.
Truman's action made the Unit-
ed States the first nation to fin-
ish the last formalities.
Britain's House of Commons ap-
proved both agreements Friday,
following up earlier action by the
House of Lords, but there remain-
ed the legal gesture of having the
contract "laid on the table" in both
houses.
* * *
FRANCE, however, has yet to
take ratification action and there
is no assurance such action will
come without a fight. There are
still French forces which are re-
luctant to see Germany climb back
toward a place of equality among
the nations.
And ratification by West Ger-
many's own parliament isthe
subject of a hot fight. German
Communists want no part of
such a deal, and there is strong
opposition to the rearmament
phases of the arrangement.
In both France and Germany a
considerable part of the criticism
centers on a companion agreement
in which the United States has no
part, to bring West Germany into
the European defense community
pact. That agreement would bind
Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, the
Netherlands, Luxembourg and
West Germany together for mutual
defense in event of attack.
Truman, on a working vacation
at his home in Independence, Mo.,
near here, signed the papers in his
temporary executive offices at
Kansas City's Hotel Muehlebach.
The President issued a statement
emphasizing the importance of the
agreements for relations with Ger-
many and for the security of the
West. The statement also gave
some attention to an "interpreta-
tion" which the Senate attached
when it approved the contract 77
to 5 and the NATO agreement 71
to 5.

Last night the U.S. boxers won
five championships to put the
team title beyond the reach of the
Russians. That is the most indi-
vidual ring championships eve'
won by one country in a single
Olympic tourney.
THE U.S. champions are Nate
Brooks, of Cleveland, flyweight;
Charlie Adkins, Gary, Ind., light
welterweight; Floyd Patterson,
New York, middleweight; Norvel
Lee, Washington, D.C., light hea-
vyweight; and Eddie Sanders, Los
Angeles, heavyweight.
In the only fistic encounter in
the finals between an American
and a Russian, Adkins took a
split decision over Viktor Med-
nov. Patterson was the only
winner by a knockout. He flat-
tened Vasile Tita of Romania in
twenty seconds of the first
round.
Mrs. Pat McCormick, a blonde
California housewife, led the
American sweep in diving.
* * *
TODAY the great white Olympic
flag with the five interlocking cr-
les will be hauled down and the
called issued for the youth of the
world to re-assemble at Melbourne,
Australia, in 1956.
Back of the United States and
Russia in the team battle came
Hungary, always an Olympic
power, with 308. Other leaders
were: 4. Sweden, 267; 5. Ger-
many, 165 ; 6. Finland, 162;
7. Italy, 1584; 8. France, 146;
9. Czechoslovakia, 113%; 10.
Great Britain, 105.
Ever since Russia piled up a
flock of points in men's and wom-
en's gymnastics, the United States
team had trailed despite its vir-
tual sweep of men's track and
field. There a record 14 first places
were won.
ONE OF THE biggest surprises
of these brilliant games was pro-
duced by little Ford Konno, of
Ohio State. This tiny Honolulan
suffered from a sinus condition
all spring but yesterday he swam
as he never swam before, and his
amazing time of 18:30 set an
Olympic record for the 1500 meter
free-style.
The sweep of women's high
diving was expected. Mrs. Mc-
Cormick previously won the
platform dive and thus became
one of the few double cham-
pions of the games.
Second was 17-year-old Paula
Jean Myers of Covina, Calif., and
third was Mrs. Juno Stover Irwin,
23, of Los Angeles.
See DAVIES, Page 3
Truce Talks
AdjournAgain
MUNSAN, Sunday, Aug. 3-(A-
Top-level Korean armistice nego-
tiators met for only 32 minutes to-
day, then adjourned until Aug. 11.
It was their first session in a
week, following a recess called by
the United Nations Command.
THERE WAS NO immediate an-
nouncement of the reason for the
recess called today.
After the brief meeting, staff
officers resumed their discussions
on the wording of the draft agree-
ment.
Agreement was confirmed dur-
ing the week on the wording of all

MICHIGAN ELECTION ROUNDUP:
Politicos Work To Stir Voters for Aug. 5 Primary

Local politicians are among the'
1,000 candidates for public office
in Michigan working to stir the
voter from his mid-summer leth-
argy in time for the Tuesday pri-
mary election.
In Washtenaw County, the elec-
+in "rav" + f -- nnfo E io' i

* * *

* * *

Numerous Republican con-
tests, though, were provoking
all-out, name-calling campaign
48 hours before the election
deadline.
Election officials estimated that
a quarter of the registered voters

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