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July 30, 1952 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1952-07-30

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Y

CONVENTION REPORT
See rage 2

Latest Deadline in the State

:43 a 11 tIly

CLOUDY, SLIGHTLY WARMER

VOL. LXII, No. 196

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN. WEDNESDAY, JULY 30, 1952

FOUR PAGES

i

FOUR PAGES

Demand U.S.
Withdrawal
From Iran
Parliament Told
Help Not Needed
TEHRAN, Iran-(P)-Demands
for the withdrawal of U.S. mili-
tary missions erupted in Parlia-
ment yesterday and the National-
ist newspaper Asr said Premie
Mohammed Mossadegh's govern-
ment has decided to end the mis-
sions' services.
The newspaper, which occasion-
ally gets tips from sources close
to the government, said Iraniar
officials reasoned they did no
need a strengthened army since
they "have no intention of attack-
ing anybody."
* * *
MAJ. GEN. Wayne Zimmerman
head of the Army Mission, callec
on Mossadegh yesterday and U.S
-"Ambassador Loy W. Hienderso
made his second visit to the Pre-
mier in three days.
Zimmerman said in an inter-
view he did not discuss current
anti - American manifestations
with Mossadegh, but "paid my
respects to him as Minister of
S National Defense and told him
the Army Mission was ready to
give any assistance necessary to
the Ministry of Defense."
The Army Mission trains th
Iranian Army. A Gendarmarie
Mission trains and advises th
gaudily-uniformed National Police
A Military Assistance Advisory
Group advises and supplies th
Army.
IT COULD NOT be determined
what the Ambassador and the
Premier discussed, but a usually
reliable source said it had nothing
to do with the situation of Ameri-
cans in Iran.
Demands for the expulsion o
the missions undoubtedly result in
part from a fear of provoking Rus-
sia, a 1 ig neighbor to the north
Russia contends that Iran's ac-
ceptance of U. S. military aid vio-
lates the 1921 Russian-Iranian
Friendship Treaty.
Tremors Still
Cause Damage
In California
BAKERSFIELD, Calif.--Sharp
jolts continued to rock this quake-
weary city yesterday after early-
hour tremors caused considerable
minor damage and drove hundreds
of families from their homes.
A severe shock at 3:52 a.m. (Ann
Arbor time) forced abandonment
of Kern County courthouse. Su-
perior Judge Robert Lambert mov-
ed a criminal trial to a vacant lot.
County Clerk Vera Gibson set up
her stand in a parking lot.
EIGHT DAYS of quakes have
jarred loose a section of concrete
and brick facing 60 by seven feet
on a wall of the three-story court-
house. Engineers feared the sec-
tion might give way.
Heavy jolts also occurred yes-
terday at 12:05 a.m., 1:02 a.m.,
8:49 and 10:37 am. They were
the sharpest since the big one of
July 21 which cost 13 lives and
seriously damaged the towns of
Tehachapi and Arvin.
Seismologists said the after-
quakes will continue for some

time. Several hundred, mostly
minor, have occurred since July 21.
* * *
YESTERDAY'S were felt as far
as the Los Angeles area, 120 miles
south.
However, damage was confined
to Bakersfield.
Hundreds of jittery residents
spent the night in their yards.
Magnitude of the first big
shocks yesterday were 61/2 and
5%, compared with 7'/ July 21.
Announce New
Wage Controls
WASHINGTON--()-Roger L.
Putnam, Economic Stabilization
Director, issued an order yester-
day putting nine categories of
small business enterprises under
wragpnntms

-Daily-Bill Hampton
"ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENON, HA"
* * * *
Radar Reveals Flying
'Whatzits' Over Capital
WASHINGTON-(P)-Radar screens showed flying "whatzits"
over the nation's capital for five hours early yesterday, but Air Force
experts said they appeared to be mere layers of cold air.
Maj. Gen. John A. Samford, Director of Air Force Intelligence,
discounted any theory that the Washington area is being menaced
by unknown aerial vehicles from abroad or from other worlds.
EXPERIENCED radar operators at the Civil Aeronautics Admin-
istration Traffic Control Center reported scores of unidentified objects

e flitted about the capital sky fro
e 1 *
y Flying Object
Observations
PeteringOut
Y
By MIKE WOLFF
Local "flying saucer" excitement
appears to have temporarily sub-
f sided.
No flying object observations
- were reported by the Washtenaw
. County Sheriff's Office or the Fire
- Department last night.
* * *
GEORGE P. SMITH, liason of-
officer in the county's Civil De-
fense Department, also reported
that his plane spotters had not
seen any of the strange objects
which have recently plagued resi-
dents across the nation. Some of
the local weekend saucer reports
could, he felt, be traced to a flight
of B-36's over Ann Arbor Sunday
morning.
Universityaastronomers were
? inclined to take rumors of in-
ter-planetary visitors with a
grain of salt.
Prof. Leo Goldberg, chairman of
the :astronomy department, said
persons who actually did see some-
thing probably witnessed an "at-
mospheric phenomenon." But he
was inclined to chalk up about 90
per cent of the stories to "just im-
agination."
* * *
"THERE IS NO shred of evi-
dence that these things come frpm
another planet," Prof. Goldberg
said.
Stanley P. Wyatt, Jr., of the
astronomy department, was in-
clined to believe that the report-
ed objects were of a purely ter-
restrial nature. /
Citing the case against men
from other worlds, Wyatt pointed
out that the chances of intelligent
beings developing the ability to
fly at precisely the time we have
become interested in it is practi-
cally zero.
* * +
HE ALSO FELT it Improbable
that people from other worlds
would never have landed here aft-
er watching us for thousands of
years as some observers have spec-
ulated.
There is a University student,
however, who is not so sure that
he imagined his experience with
"flying saucers."
Bill Sullivan, '52, claims to have
seen a V-shaped formationof
about nine glowing objects mov-
ing "faster than a jet plane" one
night last year.
Sullivan said they were in per-
fect formation when he first ob-
served them about 35 degrees
above the southeastern horizon.
They then darted rapidly in sev-
eral directions, he added.
LONE EXILE:
King Farouk
r ' a W -

a 1:30 a.m. to 5 a.m. ,
> It was the third time in 10
days that radar--an electronic
device which tracks only, physi-
cal objects, not imagination-
picked up signs of something
unknown packing through pre-
dawn black skies.
On the two earlier occasions,
sightings were confirmed by more
than one radar set, and veteran
pilots, asked to investigate, said
they saw mysterious lights zoom-
ing hither and yon. All that led
to one of the biggest flying saucer
mysteries yet.
** *
BUT YESTERDAY'S sightings
-little spots on a fluorescent ra-
dar screen-were unconfirmed by
other radar sets in the area or by
visual sky watchers.
And the Air Force threw lots
of cold water on any chilling
speculation about men or mis-
sils from Mars-or enemy na-
tions.
Samford and fellow Air Force
officers told a news conference,
called especially to answer ques-
tions about the recent goings-on,
that they are personally satisfied
there was a natural cause.
* * 4
THEIR EXPLANATION:
In hot, humid weather-such as
Washington and other Eastern
areas have been having-layers of
cold air are likely to get sandwich-
ed between layers of warm air.
These layers produce strong
reactions on radar screens, the
officers said.
They didn't add any specific ex-
planation of the reported moving
lights, but presumably the cold air
layers could reflect searchlights or
other lights from the earth below.
The Air Force chiefs conceded
that of about 2,000 reports on fly-
ing saucers, about 400 have not
yet been explained satisfactorily.
The Air Force is giving these re-
ports an "adequate but not fran-
tic" check, they said.
Late Scores
AMERICAN LEAGUE
Philadelphia 5-8 Detroit 0-10
Cleveland 4 Boston 1
St. Louis 7 Washington 3
NATIONAL LEAGUE
Philadelphia 6, Cincinnati 1
Pittsburgh 7 Brooklyn 1
St. Louis 6 Boston 5

Steel Mills
Stage Quick
Comeback
Output To Reach
CapacityShortly
PITTSBURGH-(A)-The speed
with which the country's steel in-
dustry is staging a comeback af-
ter the 55-day long steel strike
promised yesterday to salve the
hurts caused by steel shortages.
But some new layoffs were re-
ported. Some steel companies still
hadn't swung into the back-to-
work parade.
* * *
THE AMERICAN Iron and Steel
Institute, the industry's fact-as-
sembly agency, reported in New
York that steel mill operations
this week will reach 45.4 per cent
of capacity. That represents 943,-
000 tons of production.
Few steel sources foresaw such
speed in regaining momentum at
the time the steel strike was
settled in the White House last
Thursday. Last week's rate was
only 15.3 per cent.
Since an estimated 20 million
tons of steel were lost during the
strike and most available supplies
were used up during the walkout,
steel shortages are found to plague
the nation for weeks to come.
SOME TROUBLE spots still re-
main despite the settlement reach-
ed by big producers and the strik-
ing CIO United Steelworkers.
In New York, Benjamin F.
Fairless, chairman of United
States Steel Corp., said his com-
pany's operating rate will be
back to normal in about two
weeks.
A cheerful note was sounded in
the iron ore industry. The Lake
Carriers Association at Cleveland
said the current high level of the
Great Lakes allows boats to be
loaded more heavily.
The Association said higher
load limits will permit about 600,-
000 more tons or ore to be shipped
in the next two months.
Army Diary
Used by Reds
Convicts Grow
FT. MEADE, Md.-O')-An Ar-
my court martial yesterday con-
victed Maj. Gen. Robert W. Grow
of improperly jotting down mili-
tary secrets in his personal diary
and failing to safeguard classified
data.
The diary was stolen by Soviet
agents last year. Russian propa-
gandists promptly exploited it to
bolster their war - mongering
charges against the United States.
"I* *
PUBLISHED excerpts from the
dairy quoted Gen. Grow as saying
"War! As soon as possible!
Now!"
Another alleged entry, dated
March 29, 1951, read:
"The time is ripe for a blow
this year."
* * *
A COURT of eight high-rank-
ing generals sentenced Grow to a
formal reprimand-a black mark

against future promotion-and
suspension from command for six
months.
The court's decision came after
a secrecy-shrouded trial that be-
gan a week ago in a closely guard-
ed courtroom. Newsmen were bar-
red from approaching members of
the court.

By The Associated Press
Consternation gripped the
French government yesterday in
the wake of a United States note
turning down a plea for more
arms aid.
Defense Minister Rene Pleven
Heusel Made
University's
Security Head
Albert Heusel, who retired July
15 as detective captain in the Ann
Arbor Police Department, has been
appointed University plant de-
partment security officer, accord-
ing to Walter M. Roth, superin-
tendent of the department.
He will take over the new post
Aug. 1. The appointment is a move
on the part of the University to
improve security regulations cov-
ering its property in Ann Arbor,
Roth said.
*. * * . .
HEUSEL will be active in two
main areas. First, he will supervise
the night watchmen force ofaap-
proximately 18 men who patrol
buildings to guard against fire or
illegal entry. This will relieve the
present supervisor and give him
more time to devote to his many
other duties.
He will also serve as the chief
contact man between the Ann
Arbor Police Department and
the University. This is expected
to centralize responsibility for
keeping the police informed
about University events in which
they may be interested as well
as to simplify the exchange of
information by both sides when-
ever necessary.
Heusal's duties may be further
expanded in the future, but no
definite decision has been made
concerning that.
ROTH EMPHASIZED that the
appointment of a security officer
did not mean the University was
moving towards the establishment
of a separate police force.
"It is hoped that the pattern of
co-operation with the Ann Arbor
Police Department already in ef-
fect in the matter of enforcement
of parking regulations in the cam-
pus areas will be continued and
expanded, he pointed out.
"The appointment is merely a
move on the part of the Universi-
ty to centralize responsibility for
maintaining close contact with the
Ann Arbor Police," Roth said.

announced he would meet with
Gen. Pierre Koenig, head of the
National Defense Committee, to
consider the consequences.
THE PRESS and public too,
were shocked. Afternoon newspap-
ers declared France would now be
unable to equip and raise 10 new
divisions. They said some French
armament factories would have to
close and at least 25,000 persons
would be thrown out of work.
The United States turned
down their urgent plea for some
439 million dollars additional aid
to enable French factories to
step up arms production.
Diplomatic authorities said yes-
terday that the note delivered at
Paris July 25 promised only ap-
proximately 186 million dollars to-
ward a 625 million dollar three-
year production program.
* * *
THE UNITED STATES, author-
ities said, expressed willingness to
finance the production of a late
model of the new French-designed
Mystere fighter plane and some
artillery shell output. But because
of the cut in aid funds made by
the recent congress and existing
priority arrangements, this gov-
ernment turned thumbs down on
any heavier commitments at this
time.
The newly-pledged 186 million
is in addition to the commitment
of some 600 million dollars which
the U.S. undertook at this year's
Lisbon conference of the North At-
lantic Treaty Organization to un-
derwrite for France.
Evita's Body
Lies in State
BUENOS AIRES - (P) - Presi-
dent Juan D. Peron announced last
night that the body of his wife,
Eva, would continue to lie in state
for one or two months if necessary
to give all mourners a chance to
see it.
Grieving Argentines have been
pouring into the city by thousands
to pay last respects to their be-
loved "Evita."
The announcement was design-
ed to slow the rush of people into
the lines jamming the Labor min-
istry where lies the flower-laden
bier holding Mrs. Peron's glass-
topped white mahogany casket.
Since Sunday lines of mourners'
at least a mile long day and night
have waited their turn, unmindful
of rains and cold.

BRITISH ROCKET-Flames pour from booster motors attached
to rear shaft as Britain's high flying guided rocket, with a speed
rating "well over" 2,000 miles an hour, takes off from a launching
platform on a performance test. The new rocket is claimed to
have five times th~e maneuverability of a fighter plane.
United States Turns Down
French Plea for Arms Aid

Panmunjon
By The Associated Press
MUNSAN, Wednesday, July 30
-Allied and Communist staff of-
ficers return to Panmunjom today
for what-is expected to be another
dreary discussion on the wording
of the proposed Korean truce pact.
The meeting was scheduled for
11 a.m. (9 p.m. yesterday Ann Ar-
bor time).
THE OFFICERS -are not dis-
cussing the major remaining bar-
rier to an armistice-exchange of
war prisoners.
Meanwhile, three small but
lengthy fights erupted in drench-
ing rains along the western
Korean front yesterday.
Counterattacking Allied infan-
trymen engaged Reds in a battle
lasting more than five hours on
the front between Yonchon and
the truce conference site of Pan-
munjom. The Reds touched off
the battle in a company attack
before midnight.
TO THE NORTH Chinese slog-
ged down from the crest of Old
Baldy in a futile. attempt to shove
U.S. Second Division infantrymen
off the southeastern slope of the
strategic hill west of Chorwon.
The Reds were beaten back in a
two hour fight. ,
Elsewhere along the muddy 155
mile front only a few small patrol
fights were reported.
O'Dwyer Will
Remain Citizen
MEXICO CITY-(P)-U. S. Am-
bassador William O'Dwyer angrily
denied yesterday he is considering
becoming a Mexican citizen and
ordered an American correspon-
dent, who had speculated in a
news story on such a possibility,
to leave an Embassy news confer-
ence.
The former mayor of New-York
City called in correspondents after
learning that the story was being
published in the United States.

Dixiecrats May
Back Eisenhower
Southern State Conventions Might
Not Concur with National Choice
By The Associated Press
Flashes of Southern static blurred the Democratic harmony
picture yesterday amid talk that some Dixie segments might bolt
and throw their support to the Republican candidacy of Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower.
Rumblings of revolt came loudest from South Carolina, Virginia,
Louisiana and Mississippi.
STILL ANGRY over the call for a party loyalty pledge at the
Democratic National Convention
in Chicago last week, some Dixie
Democrats said there was consid-
eace Terable uncertainty in the South
about Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Ill-
ft eseinois, the Democratic standard
ma bearer.

A possible straw in the wind
turned up when the Richmond,
Va., News Leader came out for
the Eisenhower-Nixon ticket-
marking the first time since
1896 that a Richmond newspa-
per has supported a Republican
Presidential candidate.
The News Leader said the Re-
publicans offer "one vital thing:
change. New faces. A fresh ap-
proach."
IN SOUTH Carolina, the Demo-
cratic state convention will be re-
convened Aug. 6 to decide whether
to go along with the national par-
ty in the November election.
In Virginia, Gov. John Battle
refused to comment on the ques-
tion of a possible bolt until the
democratic state central com-
mittee meets. The committee
has authority to reconvene-the
State Convention.
In Louisiana, Gov. Kennon said
the State Central Committee
should decide whether the Louisi-
ana party would support the na-
tional ticket. Kennon would not
comment on the possibility that
Eisenhower's name might be
placed before the committee.
IN MISSISSIPPI, former Lt.
Gov. Sam Lumpkin announced
Eisenhower's name will be placed
before the state convention when
it reconvenes next month. How-
ever, Gov. Hugh White has pledg-
ed support to the Democratic
ticket.

In Georgia, the State Demo-
cratic Committee will meet
Monday. It is pledged to the
national ticket. Gov. Herman
Talmadge expressed complete
-approvalof Stevenson, but said
he is dissatisfied with several
points in the platform involv-
ing civil rights.
On a broader scale, the threat
of a dixie revolt raised a puzzling
question for both major parties:
How to woo the South and yet win
the big Northern cities?
Meanwhile, Stevenson and his
Vice-Presidential running mate,
Sen. John J. Sparkman of Ala-
bama, pledged a fighting cam-
paign to extend the Democratic
rule in the White House over an-
other four-year span.

University To Establish.
Institute in_.PhilipInes
Relations between the United States and the Philippine Islands
will be strengthened this summer when an Institute of Public Ad-
ministration is established at the University of the Philippines in
Manila.
The new University overseas branch will provide training pro-
grams in administrative techniques and methods which will be given
Filipino government workers and students, according to President
Harlan H. Hatcher.

l
L

r
4
4
1

to

SECRET REPORT MADE PUBLIC:

,* * * *
THE MUTUAL Security Agency will finance the project planned
eventually offer instruction to officials and students from other
-- Southeast Asian countries, he
stated.
I * s s

I

FBI Claims Stalin Favors Force in U.S.

WASHINGTON - (M) - A long-
secret FBI report says that Rus-
sian Premier Stalin has decided
Communists can climb to power in
the United States only by "forc-
ible destruction" of the govern-
ment-never by peaceful means.

changed and only force aiid vio-
lence can achieve the Communist
goal, the FBI said.
The report quotes the Russian
premier as writing in 1939:
"T, R, TRAm * r -C-

* * .

scribed is at a monograph "based
primarily on the writings of Com-
munist leaders" compiled by his
office and until now classified as
confidential material.
McCarran in a prepared state-

v-4

tion of the United States Govern-
ment by force and violence."
*' * *
AS DOCUMENTARY proof it
quotes from writings of William
Z. Foster, chairman of the Com-
munist Party in this country, some

PROF. JOHN LEDERLE, direc-
tor of the University Institute of
Public Administration, has gone
to Manila to begin organizing the
program, About 11 public admin-
istration professors and assistants
will staff the Institute on a two-
year contract between the univer-
sities and MSA. Many of the in-
structors will come from other
educational institutions.
Ground work for the new In-
stitute was laid early this year

' V . . .., ....

I

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