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July 25, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-07-25

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Y L

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ADMIRAL SHERMAN
See Page 4

Dahtii~

-.-4

Latest Deadline in the State

FAIR AND WARMER

VOL. LXI, No. 20-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1951

EIGHT PAGES

EIGHT PAGES

V

Allies, Reds

Meet for

9th

Time in Showdown

Marshall Outlines
Peace Conditions
Withdrawal of Troops To Await
Final Korean Peace Agreement
WASHINGTON--P-Secretary of Defense Marshall yesterday
outlined four "basic conditions" for a Korean armistice, but said
withdrawal of troops must await a satisfactory peace settlement.
Continued presence and readiness of United Nations forces in
Korea "constitute the only assurance we have of meeting the threat
of a renewed aggression if the peace talks should break down,"
Marshall said in a news conference statement.
* '
RED PROPAGANDA outlets were still insisting on withdrawal of
foreign troops as a condition for final peace a§ United Nations and
- __- - --Communist negotiators prepared

-Daily-James Butt
RAPIDLY VANISHING AMERICAN-Laurence Hobey, '52L, and before being discharged in 1946. ie has been on the campus for
family return home after the day's activities: Hobey, from the three years now, will get his law degree next June. His wife
classroom; his wife Betty, from a shopping expedition; and Jack teacI-s school in the city. Ilobey's kind are walking out of the
and Jill, from play. Hobey is typical of the 25,000 veterans who American college scene in ever increasing numbers, as the dead-
have studied at the University under the G.I. Bill. The war in- line passed today for beginning educational training under the
terrupted his undergraduate schooling at Toledo University in bill which cost American taxpayers 14 billion dollars and gave
1943. He served more than three years in the Army Air Force eight million former G.I.'s educational and occupational training.
* * * * * '
End ofan Era -GI Bi Dadline

By DAVE THOMAS
Daily Managing ,Editor
Today marks the beginning of
the end to a period in American
education which, educators agree,
has been one of the most chal-
lenging, stimulating and beneficial
in the history of higher learning.
After today no veteran will be
eligible to begin training under
the G. I. Education Bill, which al-
ready has provided for 8,170,000
former servicemen an educational
and occupational training program
that has cost the Government 14
billion dollars to. date.
* * s s
OF THE MORE than eight mil-
lion receiving training under the
bill, 2,350,000 veterans attended
colleges and universities, and ap-
proximately 500,000 of these are
still in school. But the number is
declining rapidly and will prob-
ably be negligible by the time the
bill completely expires in 1956.
Here at the University, a to-
tal of 25,000 veterans have re-
ceived traniing under the bill
since its passage in 1944. Next
semester, only 1,800 are expected
to enroll.
University educators and ad-
ministrators joined other educa-

tors across the nation in acclaim-
ing the benefits of the Bill as the
G. I. Era in U. S. education neared
its end.
The veterans first came to the
University in large numbers in the
fall of 1946. They swelled enroll-
ment front a post war high of 12,-
000 to more than 21,000 in 1947,
. the peak year. They crowded class-
rooms and dormitories.
A temporary defense housing
project, Willow Village, became a
haven for thousands of married
and single students. Returning
athletes brought national titles to
the football, swinuning and other
teams and Coach Fritz Crisler in-
augurated the platoon system in
order to use the best of his foot-
ball players.
STUDENT government made its
biggest advances here during the
? teran era. The University
launched the biggest physical ex-
pansion in its history to cope with
the increased student body. Co-
eds found G.I. students more seri-
ous in their romantic pursuits and
many married and finished school
with their husbands.
The local chapters of the Vet-
erans of Foreign Wars and the
American Legion ran out of
membership cards as thirsty
students who had fought at
Guadalcanal and Anzio rushed
to avail themselves of bar pri-
viliges. Both organizations build
new buildings to accomodate the
new members.
Book stores enjoyed a period of
record prosperity as veterans wav-
ing Government purchase chits
insisted on new books and plenty
of them. An acute housing short-
age developed and political activ-
ity on the campus became so mili-
tant that the Administration felt
called upon to step in every so
often.

DESPITE THE crowding and
the confusion; the strain upon an
over-worked faculty and the jam-
ming of laboratory and classroom
facilities, University authorities
are unanimous in their praise of
the G. I. era. The more mature,
serious approach of veterans to
the academic life extended in a
beneficial manner into both the
scholastic realm and the area of
extra-curricular activity, it was
agreed.
The over-all University grade
point average hit record heights
and professors found themselves
being pressed to do their best
teaching by questioning G. I.
minds.
Professors and administrators
alike agreed that the G. I. Bill has
already paid off on the campus
in the terms of a more mature,
serious minded student body and
will pay off in the future in terms
of more highly trained citizens,
businessmen and professional peo-
ple.
Citing the veteran's role in cam-
pus extra-curricular life, Associ-
ate Dean of Students Walter B.
Rea, declared that the impact of
the G. I. has caused a new inter-
pretation of the student's role in
University affairs.
"Veterans who were aided by
the Government provided a suc-
cession of outstanding student
leaders whose campus contribu-
tions and influence will remain
with the University long after
the bill has expired," Dean Rea
said.
DEANS OF THE various Uni-
versity colleges from engineering
to education lauded the bill. Most
of them favored the extension of
G. I. benefits to veterans of the
Korean war, and a few saw the
nation's successful experience with

veterans' education as a forward
scholarship system which would
to a Federally-financed selective
scholarship system make higher
education available to every de-
serving student in the country.
Dean Hayward Keniston of
the College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts, declared that
such a nation-wide scholarship
system seemed to be the natural
outgrowth of the G. I. Bill. He
said thatthrough its experience
with veteran's education, the
nation will see the advantages
of paying part of the expenses
of students who show promise
but would be unable to attend
college without some form of
financial help.I
Dean James B. Edmonson of the
education school and Dean Russell
A. Stevenson of the business ad-
ministration school also favored
some sort of Federal scholarship
extension of the G. I. Bill philoso-
phy.
Dean Ralph A. Sawyer of the
graduate school was in favor of a
more limited program of Federal
aid for students in crucial fields of
study.
Today's deadline applies to the
vast majority of World War II
veterans-those discharged before
July 25, 1947. Veterans discharged
after that date may begin their
G.I. training within four years
from the time they left the ser-
vice.
A veteran must be actually in
training by today if he wants to
continue his studies under the bill
which provides him with 75 to
120 dollars a month subsistence,
depending op his dependents, tui-
tion, free textbooks and other
materials. Henceforth, once a vet-
eran completes or discontinues his
program of study he may not be-
gin another.

Bargain Day
Specials To
Start Today
Today and tomorrow are Bar-
gain Days.
More than 30,000 Washtenaw
County residents are expected to
stream into the Ann Arbor shop-
ping area to take advantage of the
annual cut-rate festivities.
Sponsored by the Chamber of
Commerce and the Ann Arbor Re-
tail Merchants Association, the
event features gala street decora-
tions, special window displays,
free balloons for the children-
and-low prices.
Virtually all of the local mer-
chants cooperate in the summer
attraction which draws shoppers
to the city from a 30 mile radius,
according to Chamber of Com-
merce officialw.
Price mark-downs and jammed
stockrooms h a v e traditionally
proved a boon for both stores and
buyers in the 23-year history of
the famous affair, officials say.
Inaugurated in 1924, Bargain
Days have yearly drawn crowns
ranging up to 50,000, except dur-
ing the war years when the spe-
cial sales were suspended.
The 1924 version, which drew
about 30,000 shoppers, featured
fireworks, a parade, bands from
Ann Arbor and nearby Saline and
six matinee and evening vaude-
ville acts.
Prices then: butter, 40 cents;
hamburg steak, two pounds for 25
cents5 pot roast, 121'2 cents; leg of
lamb, 30 cents; cooking stove, $2;
night shirts, 95 cents; union suits,
89 cents.
Although prices today may' not
match the bargains of yesteryear,
one spokesman says savings should
be "fabulous."

to resume cease-fire talks in Kae-
song last night after a three-day
recess.
Secretary Marshall officially
for the first time laid down
these conditions for an armis-
tice agreement:
1-Agreement on "a military
line which will be defensible in
the event of any renewal of hos-
tilities." (Military authorities do
not consider the 38th parallel a
good line from the defense stand-
point. The present line, which
mostly is north of the 38th, is
much more defensible.)
2-Agreement "not to reinforce
the troops now in Korea."
3-Provision for "adequate su-
pervision and actual inspection"
by both sides to insure against any
preparations for a surprise attack
and a continuing evidence of
good faith.
4-Satisfactory agreement re-
garding prisoners of war.
Marshall said withdrawal of for-
eign troops from Korea will natur-
ally follow a satisfactory peace
settlement.-
Rent Board
Receives No
Complalits
No complaints have been 're-
ceived by the newly appointed
"watch-dog" rental committee,
Ald. Russell A. Smith, chairman
of the group, said yesterday.
However, he added, the commit-
tee, designed to hear complaints
resulting from the decontrol of
rents and to study the rental situ-
ation, will meet this week. At this
time they will decide whether to
include members of the home own-
ers and tenant groups on the com-
mittee.
" "There wil be no formalized
procedure for this committee," Ald.
Smith said. "Nor will there be any
regular open meetings, but we will
always be ready to be of any as-
sistance," he concluded.
Council President Cecil 0. Creal,
named seven men to this commit-
tee at the council meeting on July
16.

DEAN ACHESON
* * * -
Detroit Told
Danger Near
By Acheson
By VERNON EMERSON
Special to The Daily
DETROIT-The cream of birth-
day-happy Detroit listened to Sec-
retary of State Dean Achcgon warn
the nation last night that the free
world's defenses must be fully
maintained or the West will face
"war or surrender."
Speaking at a three-hour din-
ner program commemorating the
250th anniversary of the founding
of the Motor City, Acheson de-
clared that it will take "several
years" more of stepped-up defense
building to effect an adequate bar-
ri* against the 9,000,000 armed
Communist troops.
"The prospect may be hard and
long. It may mean many more
sacrifices for us, more shortages,
higher taxes. But there is no eas-
ier way through the dangers of
the present," Acheson said.
A. * *
OTHER speakers at the event
were the French, British and Ca-
nadian ambassadors; Detroit May-
or Albert Cobo; and versesmith
Edgar Guest, master of ceremonies.
Guests-of-honor were United
Nations Trusteeship Council
Chief Ralph Bunche and Joseph
Dodge, Detroit banker.
A handful of Detroiters not in-
vited to the festivities took time
off from celebrating to catch a
glimpse of Acheson as he entered
the dining room in the city's new
Veterans' Memorial Building.
Saturday, a huge parade will
end the climactic week. The five-
hour festival will feature every-
thing from a speech by President
Truman to Miss America perched
high on an historical float.
Tri-color pennants and official
birthday flags fly from passing
autos and nearly every business
establishment in town. Main
streets are specially lighted and
a huge birthday cake has been set
up in a downtown park.

LTalks
Withdrawal
Of Troops
Still Issue
Await Answer to
Agenda Demands
U.N. ADVANCE HEADQUAR-
TERS, Korea-MP)-Allied and Red
cease-fire negotiators held morn-
ing and afternoon sessions at Kae-
song today in the ninth and show-
down meeting over the issue of
withdrawing foreign troops from
Korea.
They held their first face-to-
face meeting since Saturday from
11 to 11:53 a.m., Both sides then
agreed to a recess. They recon-
vened at 2 pm. (10 p.m., CST,
yesterday).
The morning parley lasted only
long enough for each side to have
read a prepared statement on the
single issue still in dispute-whe-
ther to include troop withdrawals
on a cease-fire agenda.
* * *
THE ONLY remaining issue is
foreign troops withdrawals. The
Reds want it on the agenda for
the peace talks. United Nations
delegates say it is a political mat-
ter and should not be discussed
in these military talks.
In the face of the firm Allied
stand, the Reds last Saturday
asked a four day recess.
The five Allied delegates had
arrived 14 minutes earlier by heli-
copter. The Red delegates arrived
by jeep only two minutes before
they entered the room.
A motor convoy, including war
c o r r espondents, communication
and service men, left in advance at
8:05 a.m.
RADIO MOSCOW joined other
Red propaganda outlets in ham-
mering hard on the Communi
demands that any cease-fire agen-
da include the subject of foreign
troop withdrawals from Korea.
Out of this critical ninth
meeting-gun-toting American
GI's look upon number nine as
a lucky symbol-may come the
answer to the question of peace
or further bloodshed in Korea.
Only a few hours before the
meeting, Moscow radio broadcast
the text of the Korean Central
News Agency report which said in
part:
"The withdrawal of foreign
troops is a practical condition for
the peaceful settlement of the
Korean question .
Rep. Shelley
Asks Inquiry
Into Arsenal
DETROIT-(P)-A Congressman
yesterday proposed an FBI and
Treasury Department investiga-
tion of the Army's Detroit arsenal
and tank-automobile center.
The Congressman is Rep. Shel-
ley (D-Calif.), member of a House
sub-committee which has been
probing reports of gifts and fa-
vors by defense contractors to fed-
eral employes at the arsenal and
center.

Shelley said he believed disclo-
sures warrant removal of Brig.-
Gen. David J. Crawford as com-
mander of both the arsenal and
center.
Crawford admitted in testimony
Monday that he shipped trees to
his Maryland home via Army
truck, used salvage materials to
build personal boats, and used the
hotel suite on a firm to which
he let contracts.
In Washington, meanwhile, Sec-
retary of the Army Pace promised
"appropriate disciplinary action"
for any "shortcomings" developed
in hearings by the investigating
group, a subcommittee of the

State Street
Stores Sold
Calkins-Fletcher D r u g Co.,
owner of the first store built on
State St., was purchased by a
Dearborn man yesterday.
Ownership transfer of the two
stores, located at 324 S. State and
at 818 S. State, became final yes-
terday. The new owner is James
R. Edwards who purchased the
stores from Gilbert W. Fletcher,
the principal stockholder, E. P.
Mack who is in charge of the pho-
tographic department and Mrs.
Janet Eberts of Grand Rapids.
Edwards said that the stores will
retain their present firm name.
He said he plans no changes in
personnel or policy and that he
x. intends to retain the "independ-
ent" status of the stores.
No expansion or physical alter-
ation are planned in the new fu-
ture according to Edwards. Mack
will continue to operate the pho-
tographic department.
Eleazer E. Calkins, who died in
1946 established the business in
1886, two years after he graduated

I.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
MANILA-The Philippine army
reported yesterday it had uncov-
ered plans by the Communist Huk
guerrillas for a series of "hit run"
raids aimed at disrupting the is-
lands' economy.
WASHINGTON-A top offi-
cial of the Petroleum Adminis-
tration for Defense discounted
yesterday any likelihood of the
rationing of oil products this
winter.
S * *4
JUNEAU, Alaska - Clearing
skies and vanishing fog brought
new hope yesterday to the search
for a Korean airlift plane miss-
ing since Saturday with 38 aboard.
WASHINGTON - Republican
leaders yesterday called a grand
strategy meeting of all GOP
house members today in advance
of a showdown attempt to oust
Secretary of State Acheson from
the federal payroll.
The heralded GOP attack
seems almost certain to touch

GAIN OF 2,000,000:
Churches Draw Highest
Membership in History

WORLD CRISIS SERIES:
Taylor To Speak at Fourth Lecture

NEW YORK - (P) - American
church membership in 1950 rose
to 85,705,280 - an unparalleled
55.9 per cent of the population,
an annual survey showed yester-
day.
The new figure represents a
membership gain of 2,950,987.
The report, compiled by the
Christian Herald Magazine which
makes the only comprehensive
regular survey of church mem-
bership in the United States, dis-
closed these counts for the major
faiths:

tal, while Jewish congregations ac-
count for 5.8 per cent,
Other groups make up the re-
maining 2.5 per cent.
* * *
ALTOGETHER, memberships of
the various faiths climbed 3.56
per cent last year, while popula-
tion grew only 1.67 per cent-thus
putting church membership at an
all-time record of 55.9 per cent
of the nation.
At present, 44.1 per cent do
not belong to any church. Fifty
years ago, 65.3 per cent were in

The banding together of 21'
American republics for military,
economic and cultural reasons will
be the topic for the fourth lec-
ture in the University Summer
Session series on "The United
States in the World Crisis."
Amos E. Tavlor, director of the

ics and finance and was on the
Northwestern University faculty'
during the summer of 1930.
Taylor has been executive sec-
retary of the Inter-American Eco-
nomic and Social Council since
1947 and is now a representative

MEsse 2 issmas:sssmas:

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