THE MrCHIGArN DAILY
SUNDAY, JLY S, 191
On Military Tour
America's defense chiefs have
warned against any let-down in
the military build-up program in
case of a Korean cease-fire, ac-
cording to University Regent Al-
fred B. Connable, Jr.
Regent Connable recently re-
turned from the Defense Depart-
ment's Joint Civilian Orientation
Conference which included lec-
tures by top defense officials and
a flying tour of military bases in
the United States.
FIRST SPEAKER at the Penta-
gon proceedings was Secretary of
Defense George C. Marshall.
"There may be a let-down in our
defense build-up soon as there was
* * *
Cut in Library Hours
Michigan is not the only university smarting under a cut in li-
At the University of Washington, a storm of protest greeted the
announcement that beginning today, library doors would be shut tight
ONE AROUSED teaching fellow asserted, "Close the library doors
and you might as well close classes. Faculty and students should get
together and fight this move."
A senior in history bemoaned the hardship which the economy-
motivated move was causing students who work part time.
"The number of us who must study on weekends is not large,
but we fancy ourselves constructive citizens of this academic com-
munity," a writer to the student newspaper ventured.
The change in hours, unlike that at the University of. Michigan,
was called "permanent" by univer-
C sity officials. It was caused by a
Claim SR$2,213,000 slash in the university's
1951-2 appropriation by the
Washington State legislature.
after our victories in Africa and
Sicily in the last war," Sec. Mar-
But he maintained the United
States must keep building up its
reserves and trained leadership.
"In Korea, the United Nations
has the most efficient military
force in history," Sec. Marshall
said. He called this "amazing" in
view of the diversity of national-
ities but he said unity was shown
by the confidence of the fighting
men in their leaders and the oth-
ar armed force branches.
* * *
SECOND ON the slate of
Pentagon speakers was Gen. Omar
N. Bradley, Chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff. With the aid of a
map, Gen. Bradley explained to
the conference the hot-spots on
the Russian periphery.
"If it hadn't been Korea, an
outbreak would have occurred
somewhere else," Gen. Bradley
said. He added that the UN
stand in Korea delayed the Red
world-wide time table.
Also speaking at the session was
Brig. Gen. Robert A. Ginsburgh of
the defense staff. He gave an ex-
tensive talk on the Korean cam-
"The enemy is courageous and
clever, especially at night," Gen.
Ginsburgh said. But he added that
the U.S. Eighth Army in Korea
is "the best army the United
States has ever had."
"Although Chinese manpower is
virtually inexhaustible, the num-
ber of trained soldiers is not," the
general commented. He attributed
the 15-1 casualty ratio over the
Chinese Reds to a difference in
firepower, equipment and training.
HARVARD PROF. William Y. El-
iot, assistant to Defense Mobili-
zer Charles E. Wilson, told the
conference of the need for con-
trols against inflation.
"Although 10% of the national
output is being devoted to the war
effort now, by next year it will be
up to 20%," Elliot explained. And
despite prices dropping after Ma-
lik's truce suggestion, they will
soon be up again, Elliot said.
Among other speakers on the
star-studded slate were: Secre-
tary of the Army Frank Pace;
Army Chief of Staff Gen. J.
Lawton Collins; Deputy Secre-
tary of Defense Robert A. Lo-
vett; Secretary of the Air Force
Thomas K. Finletter; and Ato-
mic Energy Commissioner Sum-
Invited to the conference were
75 prominent American leaders in
the field of education, business,
religion and publications. The trip
to inspect domestic military fa-
cilities included observation of
mock wars at Army, Marine and
Air Force bases and a task force
operation in the Atlantic Ocean.
Regent Connable said he was
By EVA SIMON
The threat to university relig-
ious programs represented by the
court order forbidding the Univer-
sity of Minnesota from aiding re-
ligious groups would be unlikely
to have any effect here, according
to Dewitt C. Baldwin, director of
"The University of Michigan has
planned more wisely than any
other state university to protect
itself from such an attack," Bald-
*, * *
THE CASE against Minnesota's
religious program, which will come
up for a court hearing Tuesday, is
based on the university's policy of
issuing religious census cards, pro-
viding a coordinator of religious
activities, and allowing religious
groups to use university facilities.
It is generally viewed as a test
case on the principle of separa-
tion of church and state in edu-
At the University of Michigan,
a sharp division is made between
the intellectual and the functional
or practical facets of religion,
ON THE intellectual side, he
said, the University teaches cours-
es in "Knowledge Concerning Re-
ligion," which do not propagate
the ideas of any sect. Religion is
treated as a part of regular aca-
demic departments, such as phil-
osophy or psychology.
The director of Lane Hall,
representing the functional as-
pect of religion, is not permitted
to teach courses at the Univer-
This Baldwin contrasted with
the situation at the University of
Minnesota, where the coordinator
of religion is also an associate pro-
fessor of philosophy, thus leaving
himself open to questions on his
objectivity as a scholar.
* * *
LIKE THE University of Minne-
sota, the University of Michigan
holds a religious census of stu-
dents at registration time, al-
though the statement of religious
preference here is not compulsory.
"We have been very scrupu-
lous in seeing that this infor-
mation is not used for the' ad-
vantage of any one group,"
The Student Religious Associa-
tion's sections of the "railroad
:zards," he explained, are sent dir-
ectly to Lane Hall after registra-
tion. Religious groups are permit-
ted to see only the cards of stu-
dents of their own sects, he con-
The main purpose of the census
cards, according to Baldwin, is to
make hospital visitations to ser-
iously ill students possible. Every
day the University Hospital and
Health Service phone the names
of new patients in to Lane Hall.
The census cards are used to refer
these names to the proper religious
THE STUDENT Religious Asso-
ciation, like other non-academic
departments of the University, is
controlled by a Board of Gover-
nors appointed by the Board of
Regents upon recommendation of
The director of Lane Hall is
appointed by the Regents. The
rest of the staff, during Provost
Adams' term of office, has been
appointed by him upon the recom-
mendation of the director.
SRA's budget is handled dom-
pletely by the University, which
contributes, Baldwin said, about
$25,000 annually to the organiza-
However, the Lane Hall itself1
was donated to the Regents by
the YMCA in 1937, for the pur-
pose of setting up a religious
center at the University. The
building used by the religious
association at the University of
Minnesota was built by the uni-
"The University justifies its
PARADOXICALLY, a s t u d y
made by University of Utah offi-
cials shows that legislative appor-
tionments to state universities are
generally increasing throughout
Out of 39 university presidents
reached, 37 reported increased
grants from their legislatures.
* * .*
A NEW TWIST in the library
hours theme was introduced at
Western Washington College of
Education, students there are be-
ing locked out of the library every
time an art lecture or concert is
given on campus.
The latest loyalty oath law
affecting university employees
has been passed as a rider to
the Texas State appropriations
The rider, to become effective
September 1, provides that no
state salaries or compensation
shall be paid to any person who
has not signed an oath stating:
1. He has never been a Com-
munist Party member.
2. He "is not, and for a period
of at least ten years has not been"
a member of any organization la-
beled subversive by the United
States Attorney General.
3. He has not for ten years been
a member of ay communist poli-
tical front organization registered
under the Federal Internal Secur-
ity Act of 1950.
A LOOK AHEAD:
GI Bill for
By The World Staff of The Associated
WASHINGTON - Congress al-
most certainly will write a GI Bill
for Korean veterans-but it will
wait for a report on abuses and
waste in the Veterans Administra-
tion's present educational pro-
This report is due to be issued
in about two months by a House
Investigating Committee under
Rep. Teague (D-Tex.). A com-
mittee spokesman says a new GI
Bill is almost inevitable but prob-
ably won't look much like the old
one since the average age of
Korean serviceman is much lower
than that of World War II GIs
and their average service will be
ice headquarters estimates about
2,000,000 registrants under 26 will
be subject to draft for another
nine years-until they're 35-un-
der a provision of the new draft
They are the men with defer-
ments but not outright exemp-
tions. They won't get a class 5-A
exemption as over-age until they
reach 35. Their numbers will in-
crease as deferments are given
other registrants, like the nearly
300,000 college students likely to
get 2-A (S) classifications this
There are about 7,500,000 under-
26 registrants in all.
WASHINGTON-The U. S. ex-
pects to pay virtually the entire
expense of keeping occupation
forces in Japan the next 12
Up to now a large part of this
has been levied against the Japan-
The new procedure is a further
U. S. effort to assist Japan to be-
come self-supporting. Offsetting
it is the storage of outright eco-
nomic relief, about $225,000,000 the
ARMY AIR FIGHTERS
are preparing to take over a little
of the Air Force's close air sup-
port mission after all-a step the
Air Force has long dreaded and
the Army has long denied it
LOADING UP FOR DAY'S WORK-Daisy;
tobacco-chewing horse, gets a "chaw" from master, Andy O'Shea,
on his farm near Salina. Kas. O'Shea says tobacco conditions horse.
R I N G S O.N T H E I R F I N G E R S -Soviet women drill with hoops at a regional physi.
cal culture and sports parade in which 25,000 participated at the Dynamo Stadium in Lwow.
C H E C K 1 N C T H E R E COR.D-.-Erwin Veres, a two-
year-old Hungarian D.P., is interested in the U. S. Customs man's
notations upon his arrival with his parents in New York City,
A R A R E B I R D -- This baby cahow, hitherto believed to have been extinct since 1619, was
hatched from an egg found by scientists in Bermuda. It resembles a blue-gray powder puff.
A B U S S F O R B A B Y--"Lightning," mamma sea lion,
gives baby, "Sparks," kiss to get into water at New Orleans' Audu-
bon Park Zoo. Sea lions have to be taught swimming by mothers.
AT WORK IN THE RUSSIAN UNDERGROUND-Workmenlaborun-
der electric lights building the tunnel to the Byelorusskaya station in the Moscow subway system.
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