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July 06, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-07-06

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PERENNIAL NEMESIS
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXI, No. 7-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 6, 1951

FAIR
SIX PAGES

War Heroes
R Decorated
By President
Red Conviction
Of Oatis Decried
WASHINGTON-(A')-President
Truman decorated four American
Army infantrymen with the Medal
of Honor yesterday in a solemn
ceremony in the White House rose
garden.
He told the Korean War heroes
they are the kind of men who will
make iti possible for the United
States and its Allies to "win the
Cold War" and insure a peaceful
world.
* * s
THE FOUR wounded veterans
are among the few who lived to
receive the highest military decor-
ation in person. Only three others,
out of 27 Army men who have won
the awards in Korea, survived
their wounds.
The President called it a proud
moment for himself as he hung
the blue-ribboned gold medal
around the necks of Corp. Einar H.
Ingman of Tomahawk, Wis.; Mas-
ter Sgt. Stanley T. Adams, of Ola-
the, Kan.; Capt. Raymond Har-
vey, of Pasadena, Calif.; and Capt.
Lewis L. Millett, of South Dart-
mouth, Mass.
Wives and parents stood in a
breeze-tempered July sun during
the 13-minute ceremony. High
ranking officers stood at atten-
tion.
Truman reiterated to the med-
al winners that he would rather
have such a decoration than be
President.
The President also joined yester-
day in the denunciations of Com-
munist Czechoslovakia for impri-
soning Associated Press correspon-
dent William N. Oatis.
Truman told his news confer-
ence he endorsed a State Depart-
ment statement, which said the
conviction of Oatis on spy charges
was a travesty on justice.
Meanwhile, Senator McMahon
(D-Conn.) introduced a resolution
expressing "profound indignatiin,"
newspapers of the Western world
published editorials criticizing the
Czech Communist regime, and the
Voice of America called Czech
President Klement Gottwald a
"peace criminal" and boot-licker
of Stalin.
NAM Leader

Congress Begins
Controls Debate
Administration Pleads for Strong
Wage, Price, Rent Extension Bill
WASHINGTON-(/P)-The Administration said yesterday that if
Congress passes a "weak" controls law, it may hit every American fam-
ily with a $1-a-day boost in the cost of living.
Eric Johnston, Economic Stabilization Chief, said it could mean
an "economic Pearl Harbor."
JOHNSTON'S WARNING-and a new plea by President Truman
for a strong controls law to combat inflation-came as the House

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Dewey Calls
For Strong
Freeworld
TOKYO-(IP)-Gov. Thomas E.
Dewey called today for a world
peace based on a buildup of
strength by free nations and "not a
mere peace of surrender or ap-
peasement."
The twice-defeated Republican
presidential nominee declared that
because of its vast industrial might
the United States was not afraid
of the "continuing threat of war-
like Communist aggression."
* * *
HE SAID THAT through unity
and a buildup of "overwhelming
strength" the free world may look
forward to the "gradual exhaustion
and disintegration of the Com-
munist forces of slavery and ag-
gression."
In a speech prepared for deliv-
ery before the America-Japan so-
ciety and for broadcast to the Uni-
ted States. Dewey asserted that
the U.S. "will never be the one
to start a war in any conceivable
set of circumstances."
"The people of America and
of thge free world," he said, "are
building their strength for the
sole and exclusive purpose of
preventing war.
"The United States will never
attempt to use other-nations for
purpose of aggression. All these
contemptible methods we leave to
the imperialist aggressors.
"'We co not believe war is in-
evitable.
"We are dedicated to the high
purpose of making peace inevi-
table.
"It must be a peace of strength
-not a mere peace of surrender or
appeasement."
Dewey's speech was his first
on his six-week 29,000-mile tour
of nine countries of the Far
East for a first-hand survey of
problems of the Pacific nations.
His immediate audience were
prominent Americans in Japan and
Japanese business and government
leaders who make up the America-
Japan society.
He told them his visit was
"solely as a private citizen."
He finished the final draft of
his speech late Thursday after
conferring much of the day with
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, Su-
preme Allied Commander, and U.
S. Ambassador William J. Sebald.

vopened debate on a price-wage-
rent control bill to replace the old
law which expired last Saturday.
A temporary 31-day extension
still keeps the federal controls
program in operation, but bars
any price rollbacks.
House leaders were barely able
to muster the required majority
to begin the debate. Post-holiday
absenteeism spotted the chamber
with vacant seats.
* * *
ADMINISTRATION Lieutenants,
openly worried over the apparent
lack of interest, expressed fears
that the prospect for peace in the
Korean War may touch off a drive
to junk controls entirely.
Truman and his top mobilization
officials also reflected grave con-
cern over that possibility. The
President said in a Fourth of July
address Wednesday that even if
the fighting in Korea is halted,
the nation's military build-up
must go on. And he said a tight
rein must be kept on the economy
to prevent runaway inflation.
At his news conference today,
President Truman again prodded
Congress for controls legislation
along the lines he has recommend-
ed.
Natural Gas
Aliotments
M"ay B e Cut
WASHINGTON -The Govern-
ment's Petroleum Administration
for Defense (PAD) disclosed yes-
terday it may bar the use of nat-
ural gas for heating houses and
other buildings that do not now
use this fuel.
Deputy PAD Administrator
Bruce K. Brown issued a state-
ment saying a nation-wide order
is under tentative consideration.
It is not sure to be issued, he said,
but "something of this sort ap-
pears necessary." He blamed "an
extremely tight situation in natur-
al gas supplies."
C. P. Rather, assistant deputy
administrator of PAD, said the
amount of line pipe allotted to
the gas industry for the third
quarter of 1951 was not enough
to complete necessary projects.
Possibly indicating that the De-
fense Production Authority (DPA)
holds the key to the situation,
Rather added:
"We can only hope that suffi-
cient steel will eventually be made
available by the DPA to correct
the basic situation."

Iran Re'ects
International
Court Plan
Refuses Hague's
Oil PeaceRuling
THE HAGUE, Netherlands--P)
--The International Court of Jus-
tice urged Britain and Iran yes-
terday to agree on an interim plan
for keeping Iranian oil flowing un-
til the Court can reach a decision
in the bitter dispute.
Iran quickly rejected the Court
proposals.
** *

Asks Tax Hike
WASHINGTON-(0)--A Nation-
al Association of Manufacturers
(NAM) spokesman got a cool re-
ception from Senators yesterday
when he proposed to balance the
Federal budget with a "consump-
tion tax" of as much as $18,000,-
000,000.
The reaction indicated the plan
will get nowhere. Both Republi-
cans and Democrats on the Sen-
ate Finance Committee spoke up
against it.
The idea was offered by Charles
R. Sligh, Jr., a Holland, Mich.,
furniture manufacturer who heads
the NAM's taxation committee. He
was a witness in the committee
study of a new taxraising bill
pegged largely on corporation and
personal income taxes.
Sligh proposed an excise tax at
the manufacturers' level-he call-
ed it a "broad consumption tax"-
on everything manufactured ex-
cept food and food products.I Un-
der questioning, he said excises
should yield as much as the gov-
ernment now gets from individua:.
incomentaxes, or about $22,000,-
000,000 a year. Since he would
leave the present liquor and to-
bacco excises alone (these yield
about $4,000,000,000) this would
mean $18,000,000,000 from the
manufacturers excise.

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BRITISH officials hailed the
proposals as "very welcome to us."
They said Britain would try to
follow the recommendations set
down in the 3,500-word decision
if Iran would agree. The British
indicated that if Iran kept on re-
fusing to agree, Britain might put
the oil case before the UN Secur-
ity Council.
But Iran clung to her uncom-
promising determination to seize
full control of the huge Anglo-
Iranian Oil Company's wells
and refineries on the Persian
Gulf.
Hossein Navab, Iranian minister
to The Hague, declared: "We did
not recognize the competence of
the Court, and neither do we re-
cognize the Court's decision of
today. We consider the Court's
decision null and void."
BRITAIN HAD asked the Court1
to propose interim measures as a,
matter of greatest urgency to stave
off the threatened complete shut-1
down of 'her Iranian oil opera-
tions.
Britain also accused Iran of vio-
lating International Law in na-
tionalizing the British-owned com-
pany and asked for an injunction
against its seizure by the Iranian1
government. The Court apparent-l
ly will decide on the charges and
the request for an injunction aftert
it determines whether it has jur-
isdiction in the case.
U' Hospital
Fire Draws
Three'Alarms
Ann Arbor firemen were called
to the Neuropsychiatric Institute1
of the University Hospital early3
yesterday evening in response tot
a fire reportedly set by a patient
of the Institute.
Two pumpers, a high-pressure
fog truck, and the aerial-ladder
truck answered the alarm which
was turned in at 7:26 p.m. Fire-
men found that the blaze, con-1
fined to the contents of one room,
had been extinguished by Univer-I
sity employes.
Upon returning to the Fire Sta-
tion, the firemen received a sec- t
ond call, this time from the main
building of the hospital. They
found that smoke had seeped into
the main building from the earlier
fire and caused a nurse to sound
an alarm.
While on their way back to the
fire station forthe second time,'
the engines received a radio-tele-t
phone message that a third alarm1
had been turned in from the hos-t
pital. Once again it proved to be
caused by smoke from the original_
small fire.
Firemen reported that employes
of the Neuropsychiatric Institute-
said the fire was started in some
papers by a youthful patient with
pyromanic tendencies. When ask-
ed to verify this later last night,
Ralph Johnson, night administra-
ive assistant at the hospital, said
only that the fire was "very min-
or" and that an investigations
would be launched immediatelyI
by University officials.-

Hungary
Expels U.S.
Diplomats.
BUDAPEST-(R') -Two Ameri-
can diplomats were ordered ex-
pelled from Hungary yesterday by
the Red government .
The Communist regime used the
diplomatic device of holding that
they were persona non grata (un-
welcome) after the U. S. govern-
ment rejected a Hungarian claim
that they should be withdrawn be-
cause of alleged connection with
a spy plot.
* * *
THERE IS NO recourse when a
foreign diplomat is declared un-
welcome. Now the two must cross
the frontier into Austria within 24
hours-by 1 p.m. today.
They are Legation Secretary Al-
bert W. Sherer, Jr., who has a
wife, Carol, and two small children
with him, and Ruth Tryon, head
of the U. S. Information Service
here.
The U.S.I.S. closed its infor-
mation and music library and
documentary film theater here
Tuesday on demands of the
Hungarian government and vol-
Untarily quit issuing its news
bulletin.
The note concerning Sherer and
Miss Tryon was delivered at 1 p.m.
yesterday to the American Lega-
tion.
THE DIPLOMATIC clash grew4
out of the recent spy trail of
Archbishop Jozsef Groesz, who was
convicted and now is in prison.
The Red regime charged the trial
had "proved that they (the three
Americans) have carried out spy-
ing and diversoionist activities."
The United States vigorously de-
ned the three were involved in
spying.
Sen. Moody Warns
Against Relaxation
LANSING -(W) -- There should
be no relaxation in the mobiliza-
tion ecort even if the cease-fire inj
Korea becomes an actuality, Sena-
tor Blair Moody (D-Mich.) de-
clared here yesterday.

NEW YORK - ) - Frederick
Vanderbilt Field, millionaire left-
ist, was found in contempt of court
and sentenced to 90 days yester-
day for refusing to tell who pro-
vided $80,000 bond for four bail-
jumping Communist leaders.
Federal Judge Sylvester J. Ryan
imposed sentence on the scion of
one of America's wealthiest famil-
ies, but ordered it stayed until to-
day so the defendant could appeal.
MEANWHLIE, IN Washington,
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover
called on citizens to aid in a na-
tion-wide search for the four bail
Flier Freed;
Refuses Red
Information
FRANKFURT, Germany-()-
Czechoslovak Communists tried in
vain to pry military information
out of a United States jet flier
forced down on Czech soil, the
pilot reported yesterday.
The pilot is Lt. Luther G. Ro-
land, 25 years old. Picked up by
Czech guards, he was not per-
mitted to sleep during 34 hours
questioning about his flight and
other matters.
ROLAND IS one of two pilots
' who landed near Prague June 8
when their planes strayed from
their course. He and his com-
panion, Bjoern Johansen of Nor-
way, were released Wednesday.
"That's one Fourth of July I'll
never forget," Roland s a i d,
grinning after he told this story:
He and Johansen on a training
flight, suddenly realized they were
off course. They were running
short of fuel.
They spotted a field and headed
for it. When the planes wheeled
to a stop they were surrounded by
uniformed men, and learned they
were in Prague. The two pilots
were led away and kept separated.
The Czechs took Roland to a
downtown building, and questioned
him thoroughly on all aspects of
the flight.

jumpers and four other fugitive
Communist leaders.
Hoover also issued a warning
against harboring or assisting
the Reds in their flight from the
law.
The FBI chief said in a state-
ment the agency is "requesting the
assistance of alert citizens and law
enforcement agencies in locating"
the eight fugitives.
The statment continued: "Any
one having information on the
whereabouts of the eight Com-
munist leaders is urged by Mr.
Hoover to contact the nearest of-
fice of the FBI."
THE FOUR WHO jumped bail
are Henry Winston, the Party's
National Chairman; Gus Hall, Na-
tional Secretary; Robert Thomp-
son, New York State Chairman;
and Gilbert Green, Illinois Chair-
man.
The other four the FBI are
hunting are Fred Fine, William
Marron, Sidney Steinberg and Jo-
seph Jackson, Jr. They are want-
ed for "evading arrest" since their
indictment June 20 in New York
on charges of advocating the vio-
lent overthrow of the Government.
This is the same charge on which
the first four were convicted.
The 46-year-old Field is Secre-
tary of the Civil Rights Congress
bail fund which posted $260,000
bond for 11 American Communist
leaders convicted of conspiring to
advocate violent overthrow of the
United States Government. The
United States Attorney General's
office lists the organization as sub-
versive.
RYAN EARLY this week ordered
the fund to forfeit $80,000 bail of
four of the leaders who failed to
appear with their seven comrades
to start serving their prison terms.
The FBI is waging a nation-wide
manhunt for them.
Ryan ordered a bail inquiry,
contending identities of those
who put up the $80,000 were
needed to help trace the fugi-
tives. -
Field is a great grandson of the
famed Commodore Cornelius Van-
derbilt, who founded the family
fortune with the Staten Island
ferry and railroad investments.

-AP News Photo
WHERE KOREAN WAR STARTED, AND MAY END-A lone U.S. soldier stands guard near a sign
on the 38th Parallel in Korea which calls attention to where the war started a year and 11 days ago
when the North Korean Communist Army swept across the imaginary line into South Korea. A
cease-fire would probably result in both sides in the conflict retiring from the parallel.

Millonaire Field Sentenced;
F.B.I. Asks Aid in Red Hunt

UN Envoys'
Safe Travel
Guaranteed
Formal Meeting
Set for Tuesday
TOKYO-(IP)-The Communists
and Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway
yesterday agreed on final terms for
a preliminary armistice meeting
Sunday and Ridgway promised
Red liaison officers immunity from
air attack.
Earlier in the day the Commun-
ists announced they would guar-
antee safe conduct for Allied liai-
sons officers proceeding to the
meeting site at Kaesong, three
miles south of parallel 38 and 30
air miles northwest of Seoul.
THE SUPREME Allied Com-
mander, in reply to this message,
guaranteed immunity for the Com-
munist party all the way from
Pyongyang, the North Korean cap-
ital, to Kaesong. Ridgway also
said a five-mile radius aroun
Kaesong would be a neutral zone
from the time the Red emissaries
arrive.
This meeting will lay the
groundwork for the formal con-
ference, which will begin at Kae-
song Tuesday.
The Chinese in their message
had suggested the Allies travel by
jeep instead of helicopter to "cut
down the possibility of misunder..
standing."
However, Ridgway's broadcas
reply said, "My delegates will pro-
ceed by helicopter or jeep as dic-
tated by the weather." He added
they would cross the Imjn River
on the Seoul-Kaesong road at 9
a.m. Tokyo time Sunday (6 p.m.
EST Saturday) regardless of how
they traveled.
* . *
THE COMMUNISTS said their
liaison group would leave Pyong-
yang at 5 a.m. Saturday (2 p.m.
EST Friday) in five jeeps and five
motor transports carrying white
flags.
Ridgway yesterday requested
that the Communists guarantee
the safety of his delegates to the
preliminary conference.
A Chinese language message to
Ridgway was broadcast from Pei-
ping at 4 p.m. yesterday (EST).
It said the Communists agreed to
Rdgway's requests made Wednes-
day. These Included the safe con-
duct guarantee and permission to
send two interpreters with the Al-
lied emissaries.
It also said the Chinese and
North Korean delegations would go
to Kaesong by jeep and truck on
the road south from Pyongyang.
* * *
WHILE GROUND action in Ko-
rea tapered off to light patrol ac-
tion, Allied air and sea forces
pounded away at enemy supply
lines and front positions.
Superforts plastered Red front
positions with 500-pound bombs.
United Nations Navy units pound-
ed enemy East Coast positions.
AP correspondent Nate Polowet-
zky reported from Eighth Army
Headquarters that a reliable source
said Ridgway had named three
colonels to the UN liaison unit.
These were reported to be a Uni-
ted States Marine, an Air Force
officer and a South Korean Army
officer. The source said an Army
major would act as coordinator
but it was not clear whether he
would go to Kaesong, the Reds'
chosen meeting place about 35 road
miles northwest of Seoul.

In Washington, total United
States battle casualties in Korea
were placed at 78,110 yesterday,
an increase of 1,361 since last
week's report.
Based on notifications to rela-
tives through last Friday, it listed
11,564 killed, 54,302 wounded and
12,244 missing by the latest count.
In broadcasts yesterday, the Pei-
ping Radio said Communist China
mm+, s -n+m n , 4a,--- -

BIAS CLAUSE BATTLE:
Obscured IFC Action
Threatens Fraternities

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
July Fourth traffic fatalities to-
taled only 105-held below the 130
the National Safety Council fore-
cast "unless extra caution were
taken."
* * *
WASHINGTON-C ou mn i s t
Drew Pearson said yesterday 12
cases of Army Signal Corps secret
files on radar developments have
disappeared, but the Army quickly
denied lknowledge of anvsuch dis-

i

At least one campus fraternity
faces suspension by the Inter-
fraternity Council if a discrimina-
tory clause in its constitution is
not dsicussed at its national con-
vention in September.
The fraternity, Sigma Alpha Mi,
scheduled to convene with other
chapters Sept. 6 to 9 at Atlantic
City, N. J., is required by an IFC
resolution to "present written evi-
dence that the question was
3rought up at its national conven-
tion."
* * *
IN THE CONTROVERSY which
raged over retiring President Alex-
ander G. Ruthven's veto of a Stu-
dent Affairs Committee move to
eliminate bias clauses from cam-
pus groups' constitutions, the IFC
resnhitinn wsee nbsnnreA ?

petitioned their national fraternity
to call a national convention for
the purpose of acting upon their
discriminatory clauses."
A letter explaining the resolution
was mailed in May to nine frater-
nities on campus having restric-
tive constitutional clauses regard-
ing membership by Stan Goodwin,
'53, .IFC Human Relations Com-
mittee Chairman.
Goodwin said yesterday the
IFC will stand by the regulation
in case of violations.
The SAC action had called for
the removal of bias clauses by 1956
recognition of the chapters. In his
or the withdrawal of University
veto message, President Ruthven
said the SAC ruling supported a
theorv o nf inh rpnt rinh+ +tom-

U.S. IN WORLD CRISIS:
Fisher Calls for Strategy of Freedom

i
i
(

By JOHN BRILEY
"The practice of freedom itself
is the most effective tactic in the
strategy of freedom," Prof. Harold
H. Fisher, chairman of the Hoover
Institute and Library at 'Stanford
TTniversitv told an audience in

Russian plans are not secret,1
Prof. Fisher said: The Commun-
ists have told us many times
that they are after a world sys-
tem of Communism.
nirthermore their gtrategv rins

munist can neutralize the power of
a country to the point where a
disciplined minority can seize con-
trol, he contended.
In our own country they have
made young people fearful of join-
in ~ ~rrn - o - -nnio fn ~rnn

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