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June 27, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-06-27

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EDITOR'S NOTE
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

CLOUDY AND SHOWERS

777

- LXI,'NO. 1-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 27, 1951

EIGHT PAGES

*5 N

Daily Issues Call
For Staff Tryouts
Members for Editorial, Sports,
Business Crews Needed Now
Novelists, foreign correspondents, governors, editors, advertising
magnates and distinguished photographers will assemble at 4 p.m-
tomorrow in the Student Publications Building to try out for The
Daily.
You won't recognize any notables among the group that gathers
for this first meeting, but they'll be there, for certain. A file in the
editorial office of The Daily proves it.
THE FILE runs back to 1890, the first year of publication. It
contains the names of some 250 former staff members. And it in-
cludes some of the most successful men and women in nearly every
kind of work.
They all worked up from The Bottom, whose headquarters
you will find at 420 Maynard St., one block west of Angell Hall.
There's Frank Gilbreth, author of the best-selling book "Cheaper
by the Dozen." He was managing editor of The Daily in the early
r '30's.
There's H. C. L. Jackson,, noted Detroit columnist, who served as
Daily city editor back in days of Yost.
There's Denis Flanagan, editor of the magazine Scientific Ameri-
can. He is another former city editor of late '30's vintage.
* * * *
A CHICAGO TRIBUNE advertising manager worked for The
Daily. So did the advertising manager of a large automobile manu-
facturer, the news editor of a radio station, editors of weekly news-
papers, screen writers, and editors of technical publications-
And reporters-they're a dime a dozen in the files of Daily
alumni. You can find former Daily workers writing for news-
papers from Maine to California.
Thomas E. Dewey, governor of New York, was a telegraph editor
for The Daily.
* * * *
RIGHT NOW The Daily has positions open on the business, sports
and editorial staffs. And opportunities on The Daily during the sum-
mer session are even greater than in the regular terms.
There is a place for everyone, from the first semester fresh-
men exercising newly-won eligibility, to graduate students.
Tryouts for the editorial staff will learn the arts of proof-reading
and headline writing first, and will then be assigned 'beats' for prac-
tice in news coverage.
Photographers who are familiar with the intricacies of a
speed graphic, and who have had darkroom experience will be
more than welcomed4,
Business staffers will be enlightened about techniques of sales-
manship, circulation and advertising management and accounting.
With a smaller staff there is more experience for everyone. There
are those who insist that Dewey would have been President now if he
had started on The Daily in the summer.

'U Summer
Enrollment
TakesDrop
Total Degrees
Issued Decline
Enrollment in the University's
58th Summer Session took a slight
dip from last year's registration
total as University officials report-
ed 7,648 enrollees.
However, late registration and
enrollment at the University's
eight summer camps were expect-
ed to boost attendance to 8,800.
Last year, 8,262 attended the open-
ing day of summer classes while
the final figure stood at 9,445.
LATE REGISTRATION is per-
mitted during the summer because
a large number of teachers, mostly
enrolling in the education graduate
school, instruct in schools still op-
erating at the beginning of the
Summer Session.
The ratio of men to women
remained substantially the same
as last summer as the women's
percentage took its annual up-
ward swing. Of those attending
classes this week, 5,157 were men
and 2,491 women, compared to
5,661 men and 2,601 women last
summer.
Despite the wholesale depletion
of GI Bills, veteran attendance
dropped less than a thousand. Vet-
erans already registered totaled
3,129 as compared to last summer's
3,943.
* * *
ANOTHER INDICATION of a
general decline in enrollment was
seen in the smaller number of de-
grees issued by the University in
the past year.
Degrees were granted to 3,562
at the 107th commencement on
June 16, Secretary Herbert G.
Watkins reported. The final
count was achieved after the
faculty's reports on final grades
for those who were candidates
for degrees had been completed.
The June figure brought to 6,393
the total number of degrees grant-
ed during the year by the Univer-
sity. This figure is below the re-
cord-breaking number for last year
when 7,048 degrees were granted.
The degrees granted in June in-
cluded 913 from the College of Lit-
erature, Science and the Arts; 835
from the School of Graduate Stud-
ies; 415 from the College of Engi-
neering; and, 365 from the School
of Business Administration.
End Service
To Veterans
Vocational Guidance
Center Will Close
The Vocational Guidance Cen-
ter of the Veterans Administra-
tion, in operation at the Univer-
sity since May, 1945, will close its
doors June 30, a VA spokesman
said yesterday.
The decision of the VA to close
the center has been protested by
Ted Woodruff, president of the
Washtenaw County Veterans
Council.
Woodruff cited the fact that
about 3,500 veterans will be at-
tendingathelUniversity next fall
and that all those here under
Public Law 16 (disabled veterans)
are requirpd to take the vocational
tests by law.
Disabled veterans attending the
University next fall will have to
journey to Michigan State College

or Highland Park Junior College
to take their examinations.
Elmer Darling, chief of the VA
rehabilitation division at Detroit,
declared that the University had
been notified of the move 90 days
prior to the shut-down order, but
refused to continue the service
under an alternate plan proposed
by the VA.
The University, according to
Darling, later reconsidered and
requested the testing service a
week ago, but was informed it
had acted too late.
Art Loan Print
Selections Due
Today is the last day in which
Atudents can choose and sign up
for prints to be rented from the
Art Loan Prints Collection to or-
nament their rooms this summer,

Reds

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Labels New
Russian Peace
Move 'Sincere'
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.-(iP)-
Trygve Lie said yesterday he thinks
the latest Russian peace move is
sincere and must be taken serious-
ly.
The U.S. State Department
showed ' its skepticism, but said
withdrawal of Communist forces
behind the 38th Parallel could
mean the war is won.
LIE, SECRETARY-General of
the UN, was flying here from Nor-
way. Just before leaving London,
he said he was hopeful but it would
be a week or two before final judg-
ment could be passed on Jacob
Malik's proposal for the belliger-
ents to discuss a cease-fire and
mutual withdrawal from the 38th.
He observed:
"I am convinced Mr. Malik's
statement was sincere and was

TIME ON THEIR HANDS-As talk of peace fills the chambers of the UN, fighting in Korea still
yields Chinese prisoners, who must wait like these for transportation to prisoner-of-war camps.
Their comrades who are still fighting have shown no let-up in their intensity to drive the Yanks
from Korea.

FOUR-DAY MEET:

Banquet To. Climax Law
School Taxation Confab

s *

By JOHN BRILEY
The Law School's summer insti-
tute on the "Taxation of Business
Enterprise" wil be climaxed by a
banquet at 7 p.m. today in the
Union which will feature a discus-
sion of "A Tax Policy to meet the
Present Emergency."
Harley L. Lutz, tax consultant
for the National Association of
Manufacturers, and Randolph E.
Paul will present opposing views
on meeting the current tax prob-
lem. Gilbert H. Montague, New
York lawyer, who will preside at
the banquet, will plead a general
discussion of the topic from the
floor.
ALSO INCLUDED on today's
program of the institute will be
a discussion of the Excess Profits
Tax of 1950 at 9 a.m. and a de-
bate on general relief provisions at
2 p.m. Both sessions will be held
in Rm. 100 of Hutchins Hall and
are open to the public.
Yesterdiy's program featured
a debate between Richard Slitor,
tax advisor for the Treasury,
and Beardsley Ruml, past chair-
man of the board of Macy's in
New York and professor emeri-
tus of the University of Chicago.
A large crowd heard Ruml tear
into the Administration's tax poli-
cy in general and the excess prof-
its tax in particular. Slitor de-
fended government policy on the
basis of need for revenue and con-
fusion in economic theory about
its actual effects.
Ruml hit especially at the "dou-
ble-tax" that results from taxing
both corporations and stockhold-
ers as individuals.
* *F *
SLITOR HAD previously argued
that much of the burden of cor-
porate taxation was shifted to cus-
tomers or employees so that the
problem of "double-taxing" stock-
holders was not as great as it

British Cruiser
Dispatched In
Iranian 1ow
LONDON-(W)-The Royal Navy
ordered the Cruiser Mauritius to
Abadan yesterday to protect Brit-
ish lives in the Iranian oil row.
At the same time the British-
owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Com-
pany whose oil fields and refinery
at Abadan are threatened with
seizure under Premier Mohammed
Mossadegh's nationalization law,
ordered all its tankers to pull out
of the Iranian refinery port at
once-presumably to avoid being
involved in any trouble.
* * *
A DISPATCH from Tehran, the
Iranian capital, said the news of
the cruiser's movement caused
deep concern among Iranian poli-
tical circles. An informed source
said a special meeting of the Iran-
ian cabinet probably will be called
today.
Ten of the 27 tankers report-
ed at Abadan and vicinity were
loaded and they were instructed
to dump their thousands of tons
of oil if necessary in order to
get Iranian clearance papers.
Foreign Secretary Herbert Mor-
rison. declared the situation was
"very serious" as he announced in
the House of Commons that these
actions had been taken "with the
full agreement" of the govern-
ment.
Spelled out, they meant that
Britain is not knuckling down to
Iran's attempt to win recognition
of her ownership of the property
by holding up oil shipments.
In Washington, Secretary of
State Dean Acheson said "there
is every indication the situation is
moving rapidly along the road to
disaster."

I"

SEVERE PUNISHMENT : to be taken seriously."
U.S. skepticism toward the pro-
-ro posal was evident in Tokyo. A State
G roesz aDepartment commentary distribut-
ed at Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway's
headquarters questioned whether
the Malik proposal Saturday was
St" og" I not merely a Russian political
----__ move with the possible aim of
(Editor's Note: Associated Press . . improving the military situation
coverage of the Groesz trial comes man Catholicleader mnHungary of the North Koreans and Chinese
from a Hungarian correspondent in and, according to his long oral Communists.
Budapest. He telephones his dis- confession in court last Friday, * * *
patches to London, which relays them took over as head of a pro-Haps- "THERE IS ALWAYS the dang-
to the United states by radio and burg plot to overthrow the Co- er of a counter attack and the
but he is subject to Hungarian laws. munist government with help from breaking of an armistice," the
the United States and the Vatican. memorandum said.
BUDAPEST, Hungary - - The others likewise confessed to , owever, the State Depart-
Archbishop Joszef Groesz express- related charges ranging from ment in Washington described
ed repentance in a final statement black-marketeering to mufder. this as only an informative mes-
at his treason trial yesterday after
hearng clml a poseutio de } osage to U.S. representatives
hearing calmly a prosecuio de-abroad, and not necessarily the
mandtha he nd is ightco- C&Ller1, a1u~ U.S. official position.
defendants be given "the severest
-wih oldma Secretary of State Acheson, who
punishment"-Jhic cold eancommented in remarks published
"I repent and regret what I did," Sunday that the Russians talk
he told the five-man court ,of peace while they plan for war,
he da . discussed the 38th Parallel situa-

Allies Attack
Buildup Area
At Kumgson
TOKYO-(AP)-Allied forces bat-
tled forward up to four miles yes-
terday in rugged central Korea
in a day-long fight with Reds
stubbornly defending a buildup
area at Kumsong, 29 miles north
of Parallel 38.
Planes attacked the Reds at
low-level as they grudgingly yield-
ed heights south of Kumsong
which they had won in bloody
bayonet fighting two days prev-
iously.
THE HILL MASS was secured
by noon yesterday. At 1:30 a.m.
today, the regrouped Reds coun-
ter attacked east of these heights,
The outcome still was not re-
ported.
Vicious hand-to-hand fighting
broke out last night at two
other points north of Parallel
38 where the Reds have been
reported massing for a possible
offensive.
The inconclusive clashes flared
on the western front northwest
of Yonchon and the east-central
front northeast of Yanggu.
The most serious Red buildup
was near Yonchon more than 35
miles north of Seoul in a sector
which has been a traditional in-
vasion route.
* * *
REDS THERE stalled an Allied
advance yesterday for the second
straight day and appeared ready
to uncork a big counterattack.
Allied planes and artillery raked
an estimated Red regiment reliev-
ed to be screening a larger Com-
munist force.
The mounting Red ground
resistance and continued show
of fight by Red planes contrast-
ed with talk in UN circles of a
possible ceasefire.
Red planes made four attacks,
yesterday on Allied fighters and,
bombers over northwest Korea
and one Russian-built MIG jet
was shot down.
* * *
IN WASHINGTON, Air Secre-
tary Thomas Finletter said a
1,000-plane Chinese Red air force
"may be thrown into the battle."
There was no evidence of a lull
-preparatory to a cease-fire-cl
any sector of the 100-mile front.
On the contrary, an Allied fron
line officer in the west reported:
Indications are the Chinese
are preparing for an offensive."
Much the same story was re-
peated by briefing officers on the
east-central front.
FIGHTING WAS bitter an
tough during the day, particu-
larly in central Korea, northwest
of Hwachon. The Reds held out
there in fortified bunkers, ap-
parently to protect their Kumsong
buildup area.
Kumsong is 29 miles north of
the 38th Parallel and now a
major assembly and supply cen-
ter since the Allies collapsed
the Chorwon-Kumhwa-Pyong-
gang triangle.
General Matthew B. Ridgeway
paid a flying visit to the front
during the day and then called
on South Korea's President Syng-
man Rhee at Pusan.
AP correspondent Tom Brad-
shaw said there was speculation
in the temporary South Korean
capital that the Supreme Allied
Commander had gone to suggest
that Rhee play a less outspoken
role in the unofficial cease-fire
' drama nnw heing weighed in

THE SAME demand for "sever- WASHINGTON - (AP) - Seven
est punishment" was made by the witnesses, including actor J. Ed-
same prosecutor, Gyula Alapi, at ward Bromberg, refused yesterday
the treason trial of Cardinal Mind- to answer questions posed by the
szenty, the Roman Catholic Pri- House Un-American Activities in-
mate sentenced in 1949 to life im- vestigating Communism.
prisonment. A subcommittee recommended
Alapi said the purported plot that two of the seven be cited for
was part of a plan to bring the contempt.
whole world under the yoke of the All said they feared self-incrim-
United States.i nation if they answered questions
The court of two judges and posed by the committeemen.
three laymen is to sentence the Bromberg, 48-year-old native
Archbishop and his companions of Hungary, perspired freely and
tomorrow. The presiding judge resorted to a pill as he invoked
is Vilmos Olti, who sentenced his Constitutional right and de-
Cardinal Mindszenty. clined to say whether he is or,
(The U. S. State Department ever was a Communist. Nor would
described the trial Saturday as he say whether he would fight for
persecution in a familiar Com- the' United States in a war with
munist pattern, aimed to "sup- the Communists.
press all human rights and liber- The actor, who says he has a
ties in Hungary" and to destroy rheumatic heart, maintained that
Church influences.) the committee was "witch-hunt-
Archbishop Groesz, 64, supceeded ing," and that it should spend its
Cardinal Mindszenty as the Ro- time running down "subversive

RANDOLPH E. PAUL
. * . banquet speaker

i
l
I

supply of "cheap" dollars to use
for expansion and risk ventures.
Corporations operating above the
excess profit level are indirectly
subsidized 77 cents on the dollar,
Ruml asserted.
* * *
IN DEFENDING the present Ad-
ministration tax policy, Slitor cited
the difficulties in finding accept-
able substitutes for raising reven-
ue. He pointed out the numerous
difficulties in tracing the exact
effects of a tax in the present
formative state of economic the-
ory.
Prof. Lawrence H. Seltzer of
Wayne University in a commen-
tary on the debate explained
the difficulties in changing tax
policy now in light of all the
pressures from various groups
on Congress. He felt that labor
would protest any relaxation of
corporate tax. He fears that
management itself would object
to an undistributed profits tax.

tion before a congressional com-
mittee in Washington yesterday.
He was asked if withdrawal of
Communist forces behind the 38th
could be considered a successful
end to the Korean fighting, orig-
inally aimed at unifying Korea.
* *
"YES, SIR," Acheson responded.
"I would say we would have had a
successful end to the conflict."
In UN quarters thetendency
was to go slow. Delegates wanted
to iron out disputed matters in
private talks before calling the
General Assembly back into ses-
sion.
Iran's Nasrollah Entezam, As-
sembly President, held in abeyance
his plans to talk with Malik, .who
was reported ill with a recurring
heart trouble.
~' * . *
MALIK DID NOT attend an As-
sembly session held yesterday to
pay tribute to President Galo Plaza
Lasso of Ecuador, a visitor to the
United States. Plaza told the As-
sembly the Russian proposal must
be examined thoroughly. Entezam
responded that he agreed new
paths toward peace have been
opened. He added:
"It is our duty to follow along
those paths in the hope that we
shall attain the consummation
of all we seek-to put an end to
the war in Korea and establish
there a just and lasting peace."
Plaza told reporters he did not
think stopping at the 38th Parallel
was the final solution but "to con-
verse with an adversary, to nego-i
tiate peace, is not appeasement."
* * *
BRITISH OFFICIALS conferred
with Lie in London and let it be
known Britain was starting talls

World News

By The Associated Press
BUENOS AIRES-Federal Judge
Juan Carlos Ojam Gache levied
an attachment of 2,677,664 pesos
($192,000) against the newspaper
La Prensa, on the grounds that its
owners had evaded tax payments
from 1945 to 1950.
La Prensa has been closed since
Jan. 26 and the Argentine Con-
gress ordered its expropriation.
* * *
NEW YORK-One group of
striking CIO marine engineers

EAST LANSING - America
faces an alarming shortage of
engineers, the top men in the.
profession warned today.
Dr. John H. Lux, laboratory
manager of General Electric,
said, in four years the nation
will need 80,000 chemical en-
gineers and will have only 60,000.
** *
WASHINGTON-The State De-
partment announced yesterday
the United States has filed a new
demand for the release of two jet

groups." That, said Chairman
Wood (D-Ga.) in effect, is just
what the committee is doing.
Bromberg was at the center of
a controversy in Ann Arbor when
the committee subpoenaed him
here while he was in the cast of
a drama season play this spring.
Prince Mahmoud Pahlavi, Grad.,
brother of the Shah of Iran, will
be arraigned tomorrow in munici-
pal court on a charge of driving
with a revoked license.
Although Pahlavi was freed of

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