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August 08, 1951 - Image 2

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4

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1951

PAGE TWO

TTE MICIGAN DAITY

' "" - - 1111.% Ali 11w 11181 n1 Ln

:4 1

MATTER OF FACT
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP

DORIS FLEESON:
Visiting British Royalty

Argentine Politfeal Convention

EISENHOWER: ONE LITTLE WORD
WASHINGTON-The leaders of the Re-
publican Draft-Eisenhower movement
have now settled on a plan for popping the
question. The plan is very precise both as
to time and place. The time is the turn of
the year-late December, 1951, or early Jan-
uary, 1952. The place is Paris.
According to this plan, a delegation of
leading Republicans will wait on Gen. Eisen-
hower in Paris at this time. Such a delega-
tion might include men like Gov. Thomas E.
Dewey, Sen. James Duff, and former Sen.
Harry Darby. The Republican delegation
will appeal publicly to Eisenhower's sense.
of patriotism and duty. They will tell him
that even more than his services as NATO
commander are needed, the country and the
world need his services as President.
They will then, in effect, ask him the
vital question-if nominated as the Re-
publican, candidate, will he accept the no-
mination? At this point, Eisenhower need
only speak a single word. The word, of
course, is "yes."
This plan is designed to surmount the
dilemma which confronts thesEisenhower
backers. The nature of this dilemma is very
obvious. As Supreme Commander of the
NATO forces, Eisenhower is of course stop-
ped from taking on his own initiative any
part whatsoever in domestic politics. But as
Sen. Arthur Vandenberg used to point out,
and as Eisenhower's supporters are fully
aware, the "draft" in which the candidate
takes no part at all is politically a myth.
The device of the visiting delegation will,
it is argued, untie Eisenhower's hands and
the hands of his supporters. It will make
it possible for Eisenhower gracefully and
honorably to signify his willingness to take
the nomination if offered, without putting
him in the position of seeming to seek it.
Finally, appealed to on grounds of simple
patriotism, his supporters believe that Eis-
enhower could hardly speak any other word
but yes."
Given .the speaking of this crucial word,
the Eisenhower men profess to see the fu-
ture very clearly. Eisenhower of course could
not remain simultaneously as NATO com-
mander and an acknowledged candidate for
the Republican nomination. Therefore the
Eisenhower backers see the General return-
ing to this country by the end of next Jan-
uary at the latest. He would simply state his
position on a number of vital issues in a
few speeches. The rest would be up to the
powerful coalition of Eisenhower Republi-
cans already formed behind the General.
THE EISENHOWER backers' bold cam-
paign strategy would be to invade the
strongholds of Sen. Robert A. Taft in the
Middle West and South. The East is con-
sidered already strong for Eisenhower, and
in the West Gov. Earl Warren is expected
to swing behind Eisenhower in a showdown.
Initially, therefore, the key states are seen
as Kansas, even'now accounted a sure Eis-
enhower state, and Texas, where Eisenhow-
er already has the potent backing of such
oilmen as Jack Porter and H. R. Cullen.
As the Eisenhower men see the future, the
Eisenhower boom will spread from Kansas
and Texas into the heart of the Taft coun-
try; Eisenhower's immense hold on the vot-
ers will be demonstrated in the primaries;
and he will be nominated on the first ballot.
But of course this whole vision of the future
is predicated on Eisenhower's speaking the
vital word in Paris at the turn of the year.
And the plan for the Paris delegation is
significant, if only because it involves an
important change in timing.
Previously, the Eisenhower backers believ-
ed that there would be time enough to or-
ganize an Eisenhower draft if Eisenhower
resigned his NATO command by March or
April of next year, as originally planned.
They now believe that Eisenhower must
signify his willingness to accept the nomi-
nation, and must return to this country by
next January, at the latest.

The reason for this change in the time-
table is obvious. The grip of the old guard
Republican professionals on the national
R ep u bliican organization is growing
stronger with every day that passes. And
their unanimous choice for candidate is
Robert A. Taft.
This change of timing, moreover, made
necessary by Taft's growing strength, im-
mensely complicates the problem facing the
Eisenhower backers. They have never had a
really firm commitment from the General;
there was never any real assurance that he
would return to this country even in the
Spring. And obviously Eisenhower will be
deeply reluctant to abandon as early as next
January the task to which he is so passion-
ately dedicated.
Yet, the Eisenhower backers argue, the
General must know that the nomination of
Taft, with his isolationist background,
would send a shiver of fear throughout Wes-
tern Europe; and that the alliance Eisen-
hower has worked so hard to build might
then be wrecked. It is for these reasons that

TASHINGTON - Whatever the division
that may exist at other times, a bi-
partisan foreign policy will be firmly estab-
lished here for a few days in October.
Complete unanimity can be expected of
the United States Congress with respect to
its Democratic prerogatives of representing
the people at the social functions planned
to honor Princess Elizabeth and Prince
Philip. For Congressional wives, that goes
double.
War correspondents pant as a rule to get
back to the front of any new war that
breaks out. But veterans of the battle of
the British Embassy garden party in honor
of Queen Elizabeth and King George are
quietly planning to take their vacations in
October. After all, one can stand only a
certain amount of human nature rampant
in one lifetime.
It is quite true that the Washington
handling of the first Royal visit forever
exploded the legend that British diplo-
mats are a crafty lot, unsurpassed in
guile and social cunning. It was a na-
tive son of Uvalde, Texas, Cactus Jack
Garner, then Vice President, who finally
had to straighten out the late British
Ambassador, Sir Roland Lindsay, on the
manner in which politics and society are
inextricably interwined in this Capital.
It was also rumored at the time that he
pointed out to the Ambassador thathpara-
graph in the Constitution which empowers
the Senate to advise on and consent to
treaties. Now, of course, the Congressional
power is even greater since so much foreign

policy seems to consist of appropriations
for the common defense.
IR Oliver Franks, the present Ambassa-
dor, is a former Oxford professor who
probably needs no such reminder. In any
case, a certain democratic leaven has been
extremely noticeable at the once starchy
embassy affairs since the Labor Party came
to power in Britain.
The ability to send American heads spin-
ning seems confined at least here to British
royalty. Washington takes its other dis-
tinguished visitors in stride. In fact, it is
often a problem for the State Department
to arrange matters so that the cheering
populace will be on hand in sufficient num-
bers at parades and similar shows.
It takes a certain amount of tact and
discretion to convey to the blase Wash-
ington public that they must do their part
to cement friendly relations with loud
huzzas for notables whose names escape
them. It has been a big help that the
President has been able to send his pri-
vate plane for many of his visitors: in
that manner it can be arranged for them
to arrive when either the lunch hour or
home-going crowds are on the streets.
If the past is any guide, however, the Brit-
ish Prince and Princess *ill be the ones in
need of encouragement, vitamines and
stamina. Nor do they need to fear that
if a change of administration should occur
at the next election their admirers will have
vanished from the scene. The urge to shake
the hand of British royalty cuts across akl
party lines.
(Copyright, 1951, by The Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

ON THE
Washington Merry-Go-Round
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-This week the Un-American Activities Committee
will unfold the story of a Communist spy ring in Japan which
sent the innermost secrets of the Tokyo high command back to
Moscow.
This is an important story and the public needs to know about it.,
However, it's also important that the public realize that a lot of
the current Communist spy news, now making headlines, is extremely
old and warmed-over hash. The story about the spy ring in Japan,
for instance, was told in this column almost three years ago-Dec. 21,
1948.
Incidentally, one reason the story was never officially released
by the U.S. government was because Gen. MacArthur would not
authorize it. In December 1948, the late Secretary of Defense
Forrestal cabled MacArthur asking for a release, but it was
not given.
However, here is the vitally important story, as told in this
column on Dec. 21, 1948, and about to be repeated tomorrow before
the Un-American Activities Committee:

AI

etter4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

V

CRREiti'sIT

MAOVES

i

At The Stae.,.
TAKE CARE OF MY LITTLE GIRL,
with Jeanne Crain, Dale Robertson and
other Hollywood college types.
H"OLLYWD producers, we are told,
have been concerning themselves with
social problems more and more these days
and so it is not at all surprising that one of
them has at last turned his attention to col-
lege sororities as material for a good money-
making film. What is surprising about this
"keyhole view of sorority life," however, is
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Russia's
Terms
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
Associated Press News Analyst
ONE sentence in the letter from President
Shvernik of Russia. accurately sets forth
Russia's terms for world peace.
It was nothing to do with Five-Power
conferences, atomic agreements, etc., about
which Russia talks so much as a smoke
screen for her real objective.
World diplomats were quick to recognize
that on these topics the new communication
adds nothing to a propaganda line which
was established long ago. Russia likes to
talk in broad general terms about peace set-
tlements, disarmament and the atom. Then
she hedges the approaches with such un-
acceptable demands that nothing can be
accomplished.
But what Russia really looks forward
to, in Shvernik's words, is a time when
"the peoples take into their own hands
preservation of peace and defend it to the
end, unmasking the attempts of those
forces which have interests in war and
which are trying to draw the people into
another war."
Sounds high-minded enough, doesn't it?
Almost like Woodrow Wilson.
The trouble lies in the dialect. In Shver-
nik's dialect, the only true constituents of
"peoples" are Communists. The "forces
which have interests in war" are those who
oppose the spread of communism in its
modern guise of Russian imperialism. "Take
into their own hands" means revolution,
which Lenin-Stalinism teaches can be ac-
complished only by violence.
* * *
o, using the Communist lexicon for
translation, Shvernik says peace will
come when the Communists have staged
their revolutions in the countries of the
world.
The other things-arguments about
peace settlements, arms and atoms-are
merely part of the Russian tactical ap-
proach.
Moscow would like a Five-Power con-
ference for the purpose of bringing another
Communist voice-Red China's-into some
world councils as a sort of backdoor recog-
nition which Peiping cannot now obtain in
the United Nations. Talk about disarma-
ment and a ban on A-bombs is cheap in
connection with the Kremlin's worldwide
"peace offensive" to make Western peoples
doubt the need for reaermament.

that it turns out
effort.

to be a fairly respectable

The film scenario was adapted from a
novel by one Peggy Goodin, '45, a Hopwood
winner and former member of a sorority
on this campus. The novel was one of the
worst literary efforts published during 1950,
or any year for that matter, and it is a lit-
tle surprising to find that Hollywood has
been able to make something presentable
out of Miss Goodin's cardboard-cutout tale
of sorority life.
In the movie Miss Goodin's impossible
character stereotypes have been toned
down and made plausible, her tiresome
efforts to underline a message have been
edited and her high-schoolish dialogue
rewritten so that it could conceivably
have been uttered by college students.
The test of any movie of this sort is in
the reaction of an intelligent audience
which is particularly close to the material
of the plot. A false note rings particularly
flat under such conditions. The fraternity
man in "Take Care of My Little Girl" wore
burberry tweed instead of racoon and the
performance as a whole received a minimum
of derisive hoots.
Sorority women will find it difficult to
dispute the validity of much of what the
film has to say. All the sloppy sentimen-
tality, hypocrisy, snobbishness and encour-
agement of false values which belong to
the sorority system are there, and many a
coed watching the screen must have felt
that she was reliving her freshman year.
On the other hand, "Take Care of my
Little Girl" cannot claim to be a complete
picture of sorority life. In these days of
skyscraper dormitories, living in small
groups which are less easily dominated by
the small-minded tyranny of a university
administration has definite advantages.
Things were just a bit too idyllic in the dorm
at "Midwestern U".
Nevertheless, as an artistic report of what
can happen when a little girl comes to col-
lege, "Take Care of my Little Girl" comes
creditably close to the mark.
-Dave Thomas

West Point . . .
To the Editor:
BOTH the Army and the game
of football have been hailed as
marvelous agencies for "making
a man" out of individual youths.
Men have waxed lyrical over the
character building they thought
they saw in the game and in the
armed forces. This misapprehen-
sion might rise from the fact that
the period in which a youth ma-
tures coincides in the main with
the period in which he plays foot-
ball or serves in the army. The
man develops without or in spite
of football playing or soldiering.
Last week the news broke of the
pending discharge of ninety West
Point cadets, including the vast
majority of the football players:
counted on for the coming season.
These last mentioned players
have failed to be made men by
both the supposed character
molding forces believed in by the
idealists in their fairy tales. The
captain of the West Point team
has displayed his moral bank-
ruptcy by indicating thathe saw
nothing wrong in cribbing and
others have been screaming about
the raw deal they got since there
were some two hundred that
weren't caught. Of course the
cribbing alone is more than
enough reason for their discharge
but the attitude of some cadets
that since they put so much time
on the practice field it would be
all right to cheat is amazing. For
sentiment's sake I hoped that
Coach Blaik's son was not in-
volved but apparently he is.
Cheating is not confined to
West Point. I myself saw two
football heroes cheat on a final
exam some years ago. Many oth-
er students have cheated so ath-
letes are not the only offenders.
I don't advocate doing away
with football, which has its place,
but the emphasis must be re-
turned to producing honorable of-
ficers at West Point and truly
educated adults elsewhere. The
times are too serious for false or
trivial values.
-Ralph L. Christensen
Vaughan House .. .
To the Editor:
YESTERDAY, I received the
good news that the men of
Vaughan House will be trans-
ferred to a house in South Quad-
rangle this fall, and I wuld like
to congratulate the University of-
ficials on their decision to do this.
Realizing that we were only a
handful of students out of 20,000
on campus and realizing that the
summer months found all of us
scattered in different .spots
BARNABY

throughout the country, I must
admit that I was skeptical at first
of the results that we might be
able to achieve by pleading our
cause.
However, the few of us who did
finally manage to get together
felt that we of Vaughan House
had much to be proud of and con-
cluded that if we stated our case
in convincing and reasonable
terms, the University might yet
see our side of the story. We were
right. The sympathetic and sin-
cere attitude on the part of the
Residence H a 11 Management
towards our group was apparent
in all meetings with these men.
Their decision to keep us. toge-
ther I know is thoroughly appre-
ciated by all the men of Vaughan.
As for the future, I am sure
that we, as a group, will continue
to "live, work, and plan together"
as we have in the past. We wiR
try to our fullest extent in our
new house, as we did in our old,
to fulfill completely the ideals of
the Michigan House Plan.
-Eugene D. Mossner, '52
Vice Pres. Vaughan House
M 4- - _ _ _

JUST AS THE RUSSIANS planted key men inside the U.S. Govern-
ment, so they also began long before the war to plant key spies
inside Japan. They began operating about 1934 and continued to
1941-two months before Pearl Harbor.
Two Germans were involved, two Japs educated in the United
States, two Americans, and one German-British newspaperman. One
of the Americans was Agnes Smedley (now deceased) who lived 20
years in the Orient.
The other American was Tycho Lilliestrom, U.S. Vice Consul
at Harbin, Manchuria. Born in Finland, Lilliestrom served 21
years in the consular service, and died in 1943. It was in his
home in Harbin that the Communist spies assembled a powerful
radio set later smuggled into Japan.
** * *
WHAT RUSSIA LEARNED
SO SUCCESSFUL was the Russian spy ring in penetrating inner-
most Japanese government circles that some of the war lords'
most vital secrets were transmitted by shortwave radio to Moscow.
The spies learned among other things that:
1. The Jap war lords would definitely attack the United States.
This information went to Moscow two months before Pearl Harbor.
2. Japan would not join an alliance against Russia. This was
learned in 1937, and caused Stalin, shortly thereafter, to sign the-
Nazi-Russian alliance, which in turn left Hitler free to' wage war
against France and England. Undoubtedly this piece of information
alone swayed the tides of history.
3. Japan would not attack Russia. This information, sent to
Moscow in 1941, caused Stalin to pull all his reserves out of Siberia
and concentrate them in front of Moscow. Without this intelligence
information, Moscow might have fallen.
Head of the Communist spy ring was Richard Sorge. Born
in Baku, a soldier in the German Army, he carefully prepared for
his work by taking a special espionage course in Moscow and then
becoming Far Eastern correspondent for several German news-
papers.
In Shanghai he met Agnes Smedley, who put him in touch with
Japanese Communists. In Tokyo, posing always as a German news-
man, he became press attache to the German embassy and close
friend of the German ambassador. All the secrets of the embassy
passed through his hands.
x 4 L*ED
LOS ANGELES JAPS INVOLVED
ORGE'S CO-CONSPIRATORS were a Los Angeles Japanese woman
named Tomo Kitabayani; a Japanese artist from the United States
named Totika Miyago; a German businessman and radio operator
named Max Klausen; and most important of all, Hozunt Ozaki, a Jap
Communist who became an editor of the Tokyo Asahi and a close
adviser to the prime minister of Japan.
Ozaki had access to some of the highest Japanese govern-
ment secret, which were transmitted to Moscow via Sorge and
Klausen's shortwave radio.
Klausen sent his messages by going out in a boat, dressed as a
fisherman, and operating his radio as far as possible from shore. Al-
though the Japs intercepted the messages and tried hard to find the
transmitter, they were never able to do so. Nor were they ever able
to decipher the code until shortly before Pearl Harbor, when, througb
an accident, they caught one of the spies, Ritzu Ito, formerly'of Los
Angeles.
He talked.
After that all were caught, tried, and the two top men-Sorge
and Ozaki-beheaded. Klausen gave the Japs the secret code used
to transmit the radio messages, whereupon all the back messages
were translated.
When Gen. MacArthur granted amnesty, to Japanese political
prisoners after V-J Day in 1945, he discovered the remnants of the
Communist spy ring still in prison and turned them loose. From the
Japanese court records, his chief intelligence officer, Gen. Charles
Willoughby, pieced together this amazing story of Communist intrigue.
Note-Some of the Japanese spy leaders now head Japanese labor
unions, and one of them, Ritzu Ito, is a leading Communist.
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
TWO NEWSPAPERS have now tried the experiment of asking
Americans to sign a petition containing nothing but the Declara-
tion of Independence and the original Amendments of the U.S. Con-
stitution. First was the Capital Times of Madison, Wis., which had
111 out of 112 people refuse to sign. Second was the New Orleans Item
which had 24 out of 36 refuse to sign.
The New Orleans petition was circulated after both President
Truman and this commentator had publicized the shocking 111 to 1
Y refusal in Wisconsin. Nevertheless its results showed how many of the
n American people either have forgotten the inspiring precepts of the
r Founding Fathers or else become afraid of the expression of liberal
ideas.

d

. :

4.

'4

v

a

eg-a: - ...
Sixty-First Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications
Editorial Stafff
Dave Thomas ........ Managing Editor
George Flint ............ Sports Editor
Jo Ketelhut ........... Women's Editor
Business Staff
Milt Goetz ...... ...Business Manager
Eva Stern ...... , Advertising Manager
Harvey Gordon......Finance Manager
Allan Weinstein . Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1

..
4

MUSIC

EL 'U
LAST NIGHT, in Rackham Lecture Hall,
the Stanley Quartet premiered the
Quartet in E, No. 6, of Ross Lee Finney.
This work is well balanced and integrated.
The recurring idea extracted from the
Andante tranquillo unified the composition
and set in strong contrast the other move-
ments.
In the Andante, a warm and moving mus-
ical expression, was achieved a phenomena
which rarely occurs in this idiom which is
atonaly inclined. Also realized in this move-
ment were a mastery of melodic and rhyth-
mic motion and richness of texture and
color.
The first movement, the allegro, and
the allegretto of the fourth movement
were less rewarding, for they placed too
much of their demand upon the intellect.
The scherzando, because of'weak rhyth-
mic motion, failed to achieve impact.
The program opened with the Quartet in
G minor. On. '74. No. 3. of Haydn in which

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All rights of republication of all other
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Entered at the Post Office at Ani
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Subscription during regular schoo
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.

n
31
1

Maybe Sen. Joe McCarthy, who has circulated thousands of copies
of his speeches through the mails at the taxpayers' expense, should
circulate free copies of the Declaration of Independence instead. It
might counteract some of the fear he has instilled in people's minds.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

a.

ti

T

Hippity hop went the grasshopper-
We want barnaby's Fairy
a Ghost Godfather said
story-- a Ghost would
be here! And-
C -
a
----- -*"'---*- ''- 5

Imaginary. creatures don't really exist! Now, let's sing "The
There aren't any Ghosts in this woods! Farmer in the Oell"-

4.
,c

I

*)~des' want to wrangle.S ~

ii

We'll get Gus the Ghost
here. He can argue with
her, if he wants. Come--
Can WE go?

.4
/
4

go

.

Oh,

Hey, how much farther is it?MIIT-

f

those campfire jamborees 1

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