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VOL. LXI, No. 27-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 3, 1951
Ike Free To Run,
President Asserts Eisenhower's
European Duties Won't Interfere
WASHINGTON-(M)--President Truman said yesterday that he
doesn't think -Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's European duties will
interfere if the General is in a political frame of mind in 1952.
A restrained and indirect discussion of the possibility that Eisen-
hower might be a 1952 Presidential candidate-something the General
won't comment on himself-dominated the weekly White House news
EISENHOWER is doing a magnificent job in Europe as head of
the North Atlantic Defense Forcese, Truman said, and he thought he
would continue there as long as necessary.
The President declined to speculate on how long that might
be. He said that under any conditions, Eisenhower would put
duty to the country first.
Bernard Baruch, longtime adviser of presidents, said in New York
By EVA SIMON
The West must make its ideals
clear to the peopleofkAsia if it is
to win in the struggle against
communism, Edwin0. Reischauer,
professor of Far Eastern Langu-
ages at Harvard University, de-
clared last night.
Concluding the Summer Ses-
sion series, "The United States in
the World Crisis," Prof. Reischau-
er, who has served as special as-
sistant to the director of the Of -
fise of Far Eastern Affairs in the
State Department, warned that so
far Russia is winning the ideclo"-
gical war in Asia.
"THE RUSSIANS have got
mnost of the people of Asia on
their side," he asserted. " Many
of She so-called 'neutral' countries,
such as India, are thinking in
Russian, not in Western terms.
"The Communist model is on
the whole much more impressive
to Asiatics than that .of the de-
mocracies. Though they are ba-I
sically opposed to the idea of
slavery which is part of the Com-
munist system, many Asiatic
leaders feel that the only way
they can make rapid changes is
to put power in the hands of a
The Chinese Communists, he
added, are idealistic men, forf
whom force is a temporary
means to an end. But he point-
ed out that the means oftn
determines 'the end, and that
in the case of China, it will be
likely to result in a totalitarian
Reds Seen Ready
On Buffer Region
Lengthy Session Brings New Hope;
Schedule Next Meeting for Today
U.N. ADVANCE HEADQUARTERS, Korea-(P)-Allied and Com-
munist negotiators adjourned talks today on the tough issue of a
Korean armistice buffer zone amid indications the Reds might be
ready to compromise.
The delegates scheluled another meeting tomorrow at 11 a.m.
(8 p.m. EST today).
TODAY'S SESSION lasted more than two hours and was the
longest in several days. This gave hope that some progress might
have been made in eight days of deadlock over the issue.
The delegates met at 11 a.m. and recessed two hours and
fifteen minutes later. They held a second short session about 20
minutes later and called the final adjournment at 1:50 p.m.
The eighth meeting on the deadlocked issue of where to establish
a demilitarized zone opened after a high United Nations source
expressed belief the Reds might be -
WASHINGTON - (R) - Hede
h Massing, a Viennese who said she
worked in Washington as a Com-
munist spy, told Senate investi-
gators yesterday that she enlisted
two State Department aides in
her organization in 1933 and 1934.
She identified the men as Noel
Field and Lawrence Duggan.
Field has disappeared behind the
Iron Curtain, while Duggan
a plunged to his death from the
16th floor of a New York office
building in 1948.
AT THE TIME Field consented
to enter her "apparatus," Mrs.
Massing testified, she believed he
was employed in the State De-
partment's Western European di-
Duggan was connected with the
Department's Latin American di-
vision, she said.
Mrs. Massing was called be-
fore the Senate's Internal Se-
curity subcommittee, which is
trying to ascertain whether
subversive influences at home
have affected United States
policy in the Far East.
Chairman McCarran (D-Nev.)
described the witness as an ex-
Communist who "operated on the
higher level and who was in the
AFTER DUGGAN'S death, the
Justice Department said an FBI
investigation showed he was a
"loyal employe" of the Govern-
Senator Nixon (R-Calif.), then
a representative, reported the
House Un - American Activities
Committee also had given Duggan
a clean bill of health,
Mrs. Massing said it was clear to
the pair that she was engaged in
espionage and wanted to obtain
information "relative to the So-
Not military information, she
explained; that . was not her
Mrs. Massing is the former wife
of Gerhardt Eisler, once describe
by the Un-American Committee
as the No. 1 Communist in the
Facing charges of passport
fraud and contempt of Congress,
Eisler fled the country in 1949
and turned up as propaganda
chief of the Soviet-controlled Est
In New York
NEW YORK - (P) - A handful
of unruly pickets cornered a Rus-
sian or. Park Avenue last night
crowding and thumping him un-
til Police came to the rescue.
The Russian retreated into the
Soviet Union's United Nations
building, whence he had come a
He was one of three who
stepped to the curb to enter a
car. The' other two drove away.
None was identified.
A womn-not. identifid-who
today that it would be "a greatg
disservice to Gen.'Eisenhower to
put him into the political arena."~
Truman had no comment on
Baruch's "disservice" references.r
ON OTHER matters, Trumans
He plans to fly to San Francisco
for the opening of the conferencet
called for signing the Japaneset
Peace Treaty, September 4. r
Asked whether this would pre-
clude any Presidential "whistles
stop" campaigning across ther
country this fall, the President1
replied it would at this particulart
He found some humor in thef
suggestion by former President
Herbert Hoover that the Repub-
licans next year carry on a cam-
paign to "expose, oppose and pro-
pose." He liked that last wordr
"propose," Truman said, but add-
ed thatathe Republicans haven't
done that yet.
He said he was trying to find
out the facts in the case of
Democratic National Chairman
William M. Boyle, Jr., accused
by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch
of havig received fees in con-
nection with an RFC loan to a1
St. Louis corporation.
A reporter asked Truman about
the proposal of Senator Mundt
(R-S.D.) for a coalition of those
Southern Democrats and North-
ern Republicans who think alike.
Truman replied that was out of}
his sphere, that it was a matter
for Mundt and the Dixiecrats, as
he called them.
Asked about Senator Connally's
(D-Te.) criticism of the way the
overseas aid programs are being,
conducted, Truman replied simply
that he was very sorry Connally;
took that position.
tion Director Charles E. Wilson
yesterday called for draft defer-
ments and wage increases, if nec-
essary to help the machine tool
industry crack its manpower bot-
His policy statement, addressed
to military and civilian Federal
agencies, was accompanied by a
broad new directive making labor
supply a major consideration in
picking places where defense work
will be done.
One. wholly new policy was
laid down: A city is not a "la-
bor shortage area" for purposes
of defense expansion, unless a
substantial part of its labor
force is-or is expected to be-
engaged on defense orders.
This means, among other things,
that the Armed Forces will not
withhold contracts from a city
simply because it doesn't have
many unemployed. The Govern-
ment will expect plants to take
1 thendefense orders and displace
workers from civilian jobs.
The machine tool action was
the first of its kind. The indus-
try is lagging so far behind
eschedule that major munitions
programs are threatened.
Yesterday Wilson formally call-
ed on Selective Service, to alert
.ocal draft boards to the require-
ments of the industry so as to
minimize inductions of men skilled
in this industry.
CLASSROOM EXODUS-With the promise of continued sunshine, these students in Prof, Carlos
Lopez's painting class moved out onto the lawn yesterday to acquire a sun tan while they dabbled
in oils. The only disadvantages they reportedd were bugs, wandering Business Administration
students and the unusual effects caused by the sun's rays melting their oil paint.
FACE LIFTING SLATED:
The campus' oldest building is
being groomed to receive the new-
est additions to the University's
Plant department workmen have
already erected scaffolding and
are preparing to apply a coat of
s'g s an s paint to the peeling exterior of the
Russia's greatest advantages in 110-year-old presidential mansion
Asia are the poverty and illiteracy in the heart of the campus.
of the people, Prof. Reischauer
"The class cleavage between the WALTER ROTH, plant depart-
leaders-those who have had to ment superintendent, expects that
the opportunity to learn-and the the complete inside and outside
followers makes an easy breeding redecoration job will be completed
grind for the ideas of Commun-
in time for theF
Harlan H. Hatchera
to move in before t
the fall semester, S
arrive on the camp
begin his duties.1
is expected earlier#
a color scheme for
been decorated in so
said, and a comple
ing the installation
the guest room will
Tio Be Renovated
President-elect RETIRING President and Mrs.
and his family Ruthven who have been spending
he opening of much of their summer time in
ept. 24. their northern Michigan cottage,
intend to move out of the campus
er is due to home within the next week or so.
Mrs. Hatcher The interior of the presiden-
to consult on tial home is familiar to many
th cinterior thousands of students who at-
the I tended the regular Ruthven
student teas during the school
house hasn't year at which University women
me time, Roth act as hostesses.
to job, inclu The Hatchers have indicated
of a bath for that $pey will continue the cus-
tom, so more than one campus
dUaU Wltill hae to revis "b pru"mid-
E R p Hitchiking Redhead Caught
THE WESTERN position is not
hopeless, however, ReischauerA I
continued, since we have several P using as NAF Lieutenant
fundamental advantages. - _ .
"The ideas which are attract- AUSTIN, Tex.-(AP)-An attractive redhead who has been riding
ing Asia-equality, freedom,l and '
a better life for the common in- military aircraft around the country was in jail today on charges of
dividual-are ours: the Russians impersonating an officer.
only pay them lip service," he as- Col. Ben Lichty, Commander of Bergstrom Air Force Base here,
sertedc. As soon as the people said it was "very embarrassing" that pretty Medalo Frances Evi ns,
of Asia discover for themselves 26 years old, had been able to spend four days at the jet fighter train-
what Communism really stands ing base as a WAF officer.
for, they will turn to the West,
he predicted. HE ALSO WAS embarrassed because she was able to get a tem-
He recalled that in Korea, the porary identification card without proving she was an officer. A
fsth, onlythe prAllies rtied puheBergstrom AFB information spokesman explained:
eans fled with them. The second "She got the card from a corporal in the pass section. There are
time, "every Korean who could -- two factors to consider: she is an
walk," he said, followed the Allied o e attractive woman, and she was
retreat. BI n ree e posing as a lieutenant. There's
Prof. Reischauer pointed to the cots of. difference between the
rising spirit of nationalism in rank of corporal and the rank
Asia as another Western trump 0 Arm1 ast of lieutenant, and like I said, she
coec WillauU u1Clt guu
ed tour" spiel in order to be in
harmony with the new color
All but one of the University's
seven previous presidents made
their homes in the white stucco
preparing to accept the line pro-
posed by the Allies.
THERE WAS NO immdeiate in-
dication of how the talks were
The U.N. source's view was bas-
ed on Peiping and Pyongyang ra-
dio broadcasts which distorted the
allied attitude. These broadcasts
made it appear the U.N. was de-
manding a line deeper in North
Korea than the present fighting
j Thus, the U.N. source theor-
ized, the Communists would be
able to accept the fighting front'
as the cease-fire line and still
foster the impression they had
wrung concessions from the Al-
The very fact that the talks
have not broken down, despite
seven fruitless meetings, appeared
significant to most observers at
this headquarters. Both sides still
seemed willing to keep trying for
* * *
THE COMMUNIST radio at
Peiping last night announced that
Lt. Gen. Nam Il, senior Red dele-
gate at Kaesong, had "repudiated"
the U.N. buffer "deep across the
A later Peiping broadcast quot-
ed Nam as saying ". . . demands
which attempt to push the mili-
tary demarcation line deep into
the positions of our side . . . are
The news in that announce-
ment seemed to be the Com-
munist choice of the word
"deep." It would indicate the
Communists might agree to a
buffer zone that was not too
"deep" inside North Korea.
The Allies insist on the line be-
ing along the present front, south
of 38 in the west but 20 to 35 miles
north of the Parallel in the center
The Reds have held out for a
buffer zone centered on the 38th
Parallel-the old political boun-
dary between North and South
Korea which has proved impos-
sible to lefend.
Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy,
chief U.N. delegate, has rejected
that proposal. He has insisted
on a line that could be defend-
ed "in the event of an armistice
violation by the other side."
Meantime, Allied attacks in the
center of the battleline near Kum-
song advanced the front more
than two nmiles north in that ,sec-
tor yesterday, adding some ur-
gency to the Red need for a de-
cision on the buffer zone issue.
Size of the Allied movement on
the front south-southeast of Kum-
song was not disclosed by an
eighth Army communique, but it
referred to "patrols ranging f or-
ward by attacking forces."
Only platoon-sized Red ele-
ments were found, with contact
TEHRAN, Iran -- The Na-
tional Front newspaper Bakhter
Emruz reported yesterday that
Iranian coast guards fired on a
small Soviet vessel in the Caspian
Sea Wednesday night, according to
an Associated Press dispatch.
The Iranian war ministry said
it had no such report and official§
connected with the northern bord-
er defense said the report "seem-
* * *
THE NEWSPAPER said its in-
formation came from its corres-
pondent at Astara, a tiny port on
the southwest corner of the Cas-
pian Sea, which is half Soviet and
half Iranian. His report said the
Soviet vessel entered Iranian wa
ers and during the night focused
a spotlight on the Iranian shore.
The coast guard opened fire and
the Soviet ship turned off its light
and withdrew, the report said.
Last month unconfirmed re-
ports in Tehran said Soviet
troops were being massed on the
Soviet border inland from As-
tara. At that time, rumors also
said that a Soviet warship was
in the Caspian Sea off that
Before the Soviet ship incident
was reported, a National Front
deputy hinted that British naval
maneuvers staged by the British
cruiser Euryalus off the southern
coast might encourage Russia to
MEANWHILE, in London, the
Associated Press reported that
Britain delayed the departure of
a plane carrying the cabinet mis-
sion assigned to new talks with
Iran on the oil crisis so that the
mission would not arrive in Teh-
ran until after the Moslem Sab-
The Moslems observe Friday as
their Holy Day and day of rest.
Britain's quick appreciation of
such a point was considered by ob-
servers as striking a new note in
the long dispute over the future of
the $1,400,000,000 Anglo-Iranian
card. "Asian nationalism can fit
nicely into a free world of inter- LONDON - (R) - The Western
national equals, but in the long Big Three were reported yesterday
run there is no room for it in in-
ternational communism," he said. to have agreed on quick action to
plug two wide gaps in their At-
State Induction lantic Defense System-the Mid-
dle East and Germany.
Sla~tedr for 2361 Official sources said the United
States, Britain and France have
called for two meetings of At-
LANSING-(P)-Michigan draft lantic Pact Foreign and Defense
boards will send 2,361 men for Ministers in the next 70 days to:
induction into military service in Consider and probably approve
September, Col. Glenn B. Arnold, Turkish and Greek claims for
Rt nt R l tiva Rprvica Diretor_ membership of the North Atlantic
As an attractive woman."
The 120-pound redhead called
on Col. Lichty Monday to ask
that he help obtain a waiver
of college credit so that she
could become a WAF off icer-
something she already was pre-
tending to be.
The Colonel was impressed un-
til she mentioned casually that
she had flown in Monday from
Biggs Air Force Base, El Paso,
where her husband is stationed.
YSTAD, Sweden -(p)- Sixteen
mutineers locked up their officers
at pistol point aboard a Polish
minesweeper yesterday and took
the ship to this south Swedish
Twelve of the 16, with the per-
mission of Swedish police, went
ashore to plead with higher Swe-
dish authorities for asylum.
The four others sailed back
across the Baltic to face whatever
fate might await them in Poland.
Home port of the vessel, the
Hedregfariczon, was given as Kol-
berg, in Polish Pomerania, only
100 miles south of Ystad.
A Swedish police official sal
the minesweeper's officers had
insisted on taking the vessel
back to Poland immediately.
This was the first mutiny aboard
a Communist man-o'-war in the
Baltic since the Russian revolu-
Sweden has turned down a re-
quest by Rear Adm. Konstantin
Rodionov, Soviet Ambassador, that
the 12 Lithuanians be returned to
Non-military personnel don't fly
oJaee ae ±Vc e ; in e ,1military aircraft without offi-
reported yesterday- Treaty Organization.ialca c
The State's actual call for the Set up a brand new Middle East c c e drn y Tue ig
month is 1,889 -but the boards will defense board under British com- was arrest.
supply an overcall of 472 men to mand to be linked with NATO. At Biggs AFB today, it was dis-
take care of last minute defer- Approve a military role for Ger- I closed she reached there also
ments and other emergencies. many in Western defense. aboard a military aircraft.
AMERICAN-EDUCA TED STUDENTS:
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The House de-
bated yesterday whether diplomacy
or "tough" action is the best way
to get William N. Oatis, American
newsman, released from a Czech
A decision was put off for a
man has nominated Rear Adm.
James Fife, Jr., to be Deputy Chief
of Naval Operations with the grade
of Vice Admiral.
Fife would succeed Adm. Donald
B. Duncan who was nominated to
be Vice Chief of Naval Operations.
* * *
WASHINGTON-The House was
urged to investigate differences
between the Armed Services over
close air support of ground troops
Limited U.S. Job Opportunities Plague Chinese
By DAVE THOMAS sional act in April, Chinese stu- uation, as far as America is con-
Daily Managing Editor dents have been given their choice cerned, is particularly limited.
Inability on the part of highly- of returning to China at Govern-* *
trained Chinese to secure satis- ment expense, or of staying in U.S. EMPLOYMENT Service of-
factory jobs in this country is this country providing they can ficials in Detroit admit that there
probably another factor which is find a job and keep authorities are relatively few technical open-
find little actual discrimination
in the matter of occupational
opportunity but numerous prac-
tical considerations, such as
Government clearance, work to
make the employment situation
stitute in America are doing
what they can to see that the
great mass of Chinese who ap-
parently are deciding to stay,
are aided in finding jobs.
One factor which slows down