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August 02, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-08-02

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SPANISH ALLIANCE
See Page 2

Latest Deadline in the State

FAIR

FOUR PAGES

VOL. TLXI.JNo. 26-

ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN. THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 1951

FOUR PAGES

YVL LAly AEI V. !yV-P -' "'^"-' '

Republicans
Hit Truman
On Controls
Chrysler Seeks
Auto Price Hike
t WASHINGTON - (kP) - Michi-
gan's Senator Homer Ferguson
(R) accused the Administration
yesterday of a "political double
deal" on prices, and Rep. Halleck
(R-Ind.) said President Truman
has shown he would rather play
politics than enforce the law.
Those statements from the two
sides of the capitol set the pitch
for comebacks at Mr. Truman's
assertion Tuesday that the new
Controls Law does "damage" to
American families. Both the Re-
publicans said the President "has
power to hold down prices if he1
wants to do it.
MR. TRUMAN signed the act
but said it is up to Congress to
make "repairs" so Americans can
be protected against inflation.
Democratic supporters of the
President's position had their say
too, but didn't make a big thing
of it. There was so little from
that sector, that the effect if not
the intent was to give center stage
to a development along the lines
of Mr. Truman's forecast of rising
prices.
That was a move by the
Chrysler Corporation to get a
9% percent price boost on pas-
senger autos. Many officials in
the mobilization set-up tsaw it
as the start of a price rise par-
ade under the new law, less
than 24 hours after it took
effect.
Industry sources have said most
other car makers will apply for
increases of around 10 per cent.
Some OPS men said most or all
of the petitions apparently must
be granted under an amendment
to the Controls' Law.
* * *
THAT PROVISION, one of Mr.
Truman's special targets Tuesday,
is the amendment by Senator
Capehart (R-Ind.) requiring price
ceilings to reflect rises in business
costs, overhead and such up to
July 26.
Mr. Truman said it is "like
a bulldozer, crashing aimlessly
through existing price formulas,
leaving havoc in its wake."
An OPS spokesman said Chrys-
ler did not file a formal applica-
tion for the increase but con-
ferred with officials of the agency
unofficially and "made it known
that it feels it is entitled to-
and wants to get-the 91/2 percent
increase."

Chinese Students llies,
Retirn to Odent

Reds

at

Stalemate

By DAVE THOMAS
Daily Managing Editor
Yesterday afternoon a young Chinese, a June graduate of the
University, stepped out of the cool shadows of the old brick railroad
station down on Depot street, bid farewell to a group of friends and
climbed onto a train.
Thus began a lengthy journey which will take him across a con-
tinent to San Francisco and across an ocean to Hong Kong on his way
back to the land of his birth, now$
ruled by Communists. ly intended for Nationalist China
but not used were earmarked for

1

1ver

Korean

uff er

ALREADY scores of American-
educated Chinese have made this
same journey and in the next year
or so, additional numbers of the
several thousand Chinese students
now in this country will do like-
wise.
They will return for a variety
of reasons: a few undoubtedly
because of a sympathy for the Red
regime; some because of a desire
to be with their families; and more
because they are being black-
mailed.
Reports from the Far East in-
dicate that Communist China
hopes to gain much scientific,
technical and engineering skillR
at the expense of American tax-
payers by forcing students to re-
turn to China through threats
to their families.
These gains will be partially at
the expense of the American peo-
ple since 2,817 of the approximately'
3,500 Chinese students now at-
tending a total of 530 different3
American educational institutions
are being supported by State De-
partment funds which were orig-
inally earmarked for the rehabi-
litation of Nationalist China.
Already back in Asia are 365
students. How many went to Com-
munist China, how many went to
Formosa and how many stayed in
Hong Kong, the State Department
does not know. One group of 27,
including two who identified
themselves as former University
students, was recently escorted
through Communist lines by Brit-
ish police. They declared that
they were going to "serve the peo-
ple" of Communist China.
* * *
NOTIFIED of the names of the
supposed University students by
Far Eastern newsmen, University
officials were unable to find any
conclusive record of them.
In addition Esson M. Gale, dir-
ector of the University Interna-
tional Center was quick to point
out that statements of this type
made at the point of entry into
Red China should be taken with
a grain of salt.
He said that while some of
the 200 Chinese students who
attended the University in the
last several years have undoubt-
edly returned to China, but that
he has no knowledge of any
University graduate who is co-
operating with the Red regime
in an official capacity.
Gale said that about 60 Chi-
nese students were enrolled this
summer and of that number he
expected relatively few to return
to China.
"Only a trickle are going back,"
he said.
* * *
CHINESE students who wish to
return to China have their ex-
penses paid by the State Depart-
ment as part of the Emergency
Aid to Chinese Students Act which
Congress passed in 1950 to aid
Chinese students whose source of
income was cut off by the Red
victory in China. In all, about
$10,500,000 of ECA funds original-

this purpose.
Those Chinese who decide to
return to the homeland do so
under their own volition. Since
April, Chinese students who
have completed their educations
have been allowed to stay in
this country if they can secure
jobs.
Local Chinese students are re-
luctant to talk much about the
situation since most of them have
relatives or friends in China whose
safety they are in fear of jeopar-
dizing, but most of them who were
available for comment said that
they did not intend to return as
things stood now.
SPEAKING from more than 25
years' experience as a govern-
mental official in China and as
director of the International Cen-
ter, Gale said "Even those who do
go back may pay lip service to
the regime because of political and
social pressure, but they definitely
will retain their esteem for the
American way of life."
Gale added that he thought that
"the only hope of restoring our
former relations with China lies
in the thousands of American-
trained Chinese who are now in*
China. It is only a question of
time when their -influence will be-
come extremely potent in swing-
ing China back into the Western
orbit," he said.E
"The present leaders of China
have disappointed the Chinese peo-
ple. They have not made good on
their promises and furthermore,
they never can. China needs sci-
entific development, not political
slogans," Gale emphasized.
New'% Naval
Chief Named
By Truman
WASHINGTON-(.l)-President
Truman yesterday selected a salty
seaman, Adm. William M. Fechte-
ler, as his new Chief of Naval
Operations.
Fechteler's nomination was sent
to the Senate with a request that
he be confirmed as successor to
Adm. Forrest P. Sherman. who
died July 22 in Italy, where he
was on a special mission.

HoIVNOW.
The Delta Gamma sorority
house took on the appearance
of a barnyard early yesterday
morning with the visit of a dis-
contented co*.
The women, awakened by a
rural "moo," rushed downstairs
to find a heifer calf wandering
from room to room.
:." When police arrived to re-
move the unwelcome intruder,
the beast ran through an open
rear door and disappeared.

.,

Line at 38th
Unacceptable
Says Acheson
N. Koreans Veto
UN Compromise
UN ADVANCE HEADQUART-
ERS, Korea-(P)-The United Na-
tions and Communist delegates
adjourned their critical talks on a
Korean armistice buffer zone to-
day and announced another meet-
ing would be held tomorrow.
The 17th meeting lasted one
hour and 20 minutes. The dele-
gates scheduled their next meet
at 11 a.m. Friday (2 p.m., EST
Thursday).

POLIO VICTIM-Richard Brink, eight years old, who has been in a University Hospital respirator
for a year, gets a visit from some of the top men of the new polio research center. Standing
(left to right) are Dr. David G. Dickinson, full-time director of the center, Dr. Kenneth S. Lan-
dauer of the National Infantile Paralysis Foun latien and Dr. James L. Wilson, who will have
overall supervision of the center.

Great Bri tain
joins Atomic
Arms Race
LONI30N-(P)-Britain is now
building atom bombs, a supply
ministry spokesman disclosed yes-
terday.
This nation thus enters a field
heretofore monopolized by the
United States and Soviet Russia.
Britain and Canada helped the
United States develop the bomb in
World War II.
* s
"THERE IS NO doubt at all we
are proceeding with the develop-
ment of all atomic weapons," the
Supply Ministry said.
The ministry is in charge of
both atomic development and the'
procurement of military weapons.
Asked whether any bombs
have been completed, the
spokesman said "I don't know-
and I couldn't tell you if I did
know."
The London Daily Telegraph re-
ported a British test bomb soon
will be explored experimentally at

UI' Hospital To Establish
oio esearch Center

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- Senator Ful-
bright (D-Ark.) proposed yester-
day that Congress investigate a
$565,000 RFC loan made to the
American Lithofold Corp., of St.
Louis in 1949.
PEARL HARBOR-Five U.S.
destroyers returning from Kor-
ean war duty were in Pearl Har-
bor yesterday.#
NEW YORK-Paul Q Soffman,
Director of the Ford Foundation,
said yesterday he will lead a Foun-
dation party on a three-week trip
to Europe and Asia in connection
with a $5,000,000 program of over-
seas aid.
DRIGGS, Idaho - Five girls
were killed and several others
critically injured yesterday when
a lightning bolt exploded amidst
a group of church camp hikers.
WASHINGTON - Most Federal
workers would get a pay raise of
$400 a year under legislation ap-
proved yesterday by the House
Post Office and Civil Service Com-
mittee.
All Civil Service workers, leg-
islative employes, foreign service
.: personnel, medical and surgical
department employes of the vet-
erans administration and employ-
es of the judiciary would get the
raise, effective July 1.
A - :Tw c y

* r * the huge Woomera Rocket Range
A HALE AND hearty man of in the central Australian desert.
55, Fechteler has spent most of The Supply Ministry declined to
his life at sea. At present he is confirm this report. The spokes-
Commander in Chief of the At- man said if any such test is made,
lantic Fleet. Before his apoint- it will be announced to the House

Establishment of a respiratory1
center at University Hospital to,
provide facilities for polio re-
search within a month was an-
nounced yesterday by University
otficiais.
The Notional Foundation for In-
fantile Faralysis, joir.tly sponsor-
in; tl'e center with the hospital,
has pimcnted a checi for $27,380
U.S. to alt
Red Tariff
WASHINGTON-(P) - Suspen-
sion of trade concessions to 13
Communist lands, effective August
31, was ordered yesterday by
President Truman.
Red China is included among
the areas to be denied reduced
tariffs on their exports to the Uni-
ted States.
ACTING AT the direction of
Congress, the Chief Executive is-
sued a basic proclamation author-
izing denial of low tariff benefits
to the Soviet Union or any country
under its domination.
At the same time he sent a let-
ter to Secretary of the Treasury
Snyder directing that at the close
of business August 31, all such
benefits should actually be sus-
pended for Albania, Red China,
Estonia, Soviet controlled Ger-
many, areas of Indo-China under
Red rule, Communist Korea, the
Kurile Islands, Latvia, Lithuania,
Outer Mongolia, Romania, South-
ern Sakhalin and Tanna Tuva.
The proclamation paves the
way for future action against
Russia and its Eastern European
satellites, including Czechoslo-
vakia.
State Department officials said
that in 1950 American exports to
the countries involved in yester-
day's list amounted to $45,000,000
and imports from those lands to-
taled about $150,000,000. A much
smaller volume of trade has been
going on between those areas and
the United States this year.

to Dr Albert Kerlik.)wske, director;
of tb hospital.
the cFr'ter will be under the;
supervision of Dr. James L. Wilson,
chairman of the oe". atrics and
commrincable disease department
of the medical school Dr. David
G. Dickinson wil De the full-time
director.
THIRD OF ITS kind in the coun-
try the center will have a three-
fold purpose, in addition to pro-
viding facilities for the complete
car- ofsa limited number of polio
patients who require iron lungs.
1. The center will study the ef-
fects of polio on a victim's physio-
logy and ways to remove these
patients fiom respirators as soon
as kosshile
2. It will provide teaching faci-
ities for physicians, nurses an i
physical therapists and extensive
training for resident doctors and
medical students.
3. It will study tne value of new
respiraio- equipment for locating
polio patients and will attempt to
establish a more rational basis for
the use of these aids to breathing
especially in the early stages of
breathing difficulty.
M m *
SIMILAR CENTERS financed by
Vie National Found ition were op
ened last year at Children's Hospi-
ta, of Eoston .at Wellesley Hills,
Mass., kad at Jefferson Davis Hos-
pital in Houston.
The National Foundation has
placed ircreased emphasis upon
the r-roblem of respiratory polio
recently because of increased inzi-
dence of the disease in the last
yhree ye s.
Britain Asks Egypt
To Lift Canal Ban
NEW YORK-(P)-Britain told
Egypt yesterday either to lift her
restrictions against Suez Canal
shipping or face possible action
by the United Nations Security
Council.
Britain's views were outlined
by Sir Gladwyn Jebb after Egypt's
Mahmoud Fawzi Bey again sought
to justify his country's policies as
necessary to prevent Isreal from
building military strength for use
against Egypt.

U.S. AirForce
Chief Asks
'udg~et Hike
WASHINGTON-()-Gen. Hoyt
S. Vandenberg said, in testimony,
made public yesterday, that the
United States must match Russia's
growing aerial might or reconcile
itself to Soviet domination of the
world's air.
The Air Force Chief of Staff
said that "in a few short years"
Russia not only has come into pos-
session of the atomic bomb but
has developed an air force larger
than this country's-and one that
is steadily improving.
* * - .
FURTHER, RUSSIA is develop-
ing "the techniques of long-range
air power," Vandenberg told the
H o u s e Military Appropriations
Subcommittee on July 12, right
after his return from a European
trip.
Portions of Vandenberg's testi-
mony were made public yesterday
by the subcommittee which has
been holding hearings of the 1952
budget. But Chairman Maron
(D-Tex.) declined for "security
reasons" to release a detailed out-
line of Russian strength by Secre-
tary of the Air Force Finletter
earlier in the hearings.
The U. S. Air Force under its
1952 budget proposed to spend $4,-
957,000,000 to finish financing
3,052 planes now on order and to
place orders for 5,604 new ones.
It seeks nearly as much-$4,197,-
000,000-for spare parts.
Another witness before the sub-
committee, Vice Adm. John H.
Cassidy, testified that the Navy
wants $4,497,869,000 for the next
big phase of its aviation buildup.
Cassidy is head of the Naval Air
Force.
Vandenberg bluntly told the sun.~-
committee "the choice we face is
plain enough. Either we match
him (Russia) in the air or we
must reconcile ourselves to his
spreadnig air dominance over the
globe."
October Draft
Set at_41,000
WASHINGTON -(P- The De-
fense Department issued a draft
call yesterday for 41,000 men in
October, the largest monthly quo-
ta since March.
Thirty-six thousand will be in-
ducted into the Army and 5,000
into the Marine Corps.
The Marines resorted to the
draft in August for the first time
since the outbreak of fighting in
Korea. By the end of October
they expect to get 18,180 men in
this manner.
Next ononth the Army is to get
28,000 men through the draft and
the Marines 6,180. The figure last
March was 80,000, all entering the
Army.

BEFORE LEAVING for the ses-
sion in Kaesong, Vice Adm. C.
Turner Joy, Chief UN delegate,
was informed of a statement made
in Washington by Secretary of
State Acheson in which he said
the Communist ciemand for a cease
fire along the 38th parallel was
not acceptable.
The official Army announce-
ment on today's session gave no
indication whether any progress
had been made toward settling the
explosive issue.
The North Korean official
radio angrily rejected the Al-
lied proposal that the buffer
zone be along the present bat-
tleline which is mostly in North
Korea. North Korea wrould never
accept that, the radio s6l.
Eleven UN delegates and staff
aides arrived in Kaesong by heli-
copter at 10:35 a.m. for the 17th
meeting. It began 25 minutes lat-
er.
Both sides were fully aware that
continued controversy on the buf-
fer zone could break up the talks,
or a continued deadlock might
bring another recess.
.* * *'
THE PYONGYANG radio claim-
ed the UN truce team received
"orders from above" to set the
demarcation line inside Red ter-
ritory. It asserted that if the talks
broke up it would be "their (Amer-
ica's) responsibility."
At Wednesday's 16th meeting
Vice Adm. Joy made a "patient"
analysis of Communist arguments
and told why the Allies could
not accept them.
Joy has held out for a 20-mile
wide buffer which would give
both sides a line that could be
defended.
While the precise location of
such a line has not been offici-
ally announced it was believed to
approximate present battle posi-
tions.
Pyongyang radio said the line
proposed by Joy would run from
Kosong on the east coast to the
eastern tip of the Ongjin Penin-
sula on the west coast. Kosong is
27 miles north of the 38th paral-
lel.
THE CHIEF UN spokesman at
the truce talks, Brig. Gen. William
P. Nuckols, quoted Joy as telling
the Communists Wednesday:
"Since this is a military ar-
mistice conference we are inter-
ested only in military realities."
Communist Lt. Gen. Nam II
apparently had argued that any-
one who really desired an ar-
mistice had no need for a de-
fense line,
After the meeting Wednesday,
the UN command communique re-
ported "the basic views (of both
delegations) remained unchang-
ed."
While the talks were on, Chin-
ese-built log rafts with protruding
spikes floated down the rain swol-
len Injin river and knocked out a
pontoon bridge used by the UN
convoy on its daily trips to Kae-
song. It was not known whether
this was deliberate or an accident.
A helicopter airlift was required
to return personnel to the Allied
advance base, and will be used un-
til thm h+irgP i retnd

,

ment as the Navy's senior officer
he was slated to become Supreme
Commander of all Allied Naval
Forces in the North Atlantic.
The White House announced
Fechteler's appointment immed-
iately after he had called on Mr.
Truman with Dan Kimball, the
new Secretary of the Navy.

i
t
t

'OUR ASIATIC POLICY':
Reischauer Will Close
world Crisis Lectures

of Commons ahead of time by
Prime Minister Attlee.
'Cut Proposed
'In Foreign Aid
WASHINGTON-(A)-Chairman
Richards (D-S.C.) of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee moved
yesterday to cut $700,000,000 out
of the Administration's $8,500,-
000,000 foreign aid program.
As his committee began closed-
door consideration of the big bill,
Richards introduced analternate
measure limiting to $7,800,000,000
American economic and military
aid to Allied nations during the
next 12 months.
* * 'I
RICHARDS said he would resist
any attempts to trim the program
below $7,800,000,000.
"Everybody knows we are going
to Europe to fight," he told re-
porters. "The Atlantic Pact and
everything else screams that we
are going.
"We can get more dollar by
dollar defense out of this bill than
out of our defense bill. You can
train a division abroad cheaper
than in this country." he said.

* 0'

Prof. Edwin O. Reischauer, pro-
fessor of Far Eastern Language atI
Harvard University will speak on
"Rethinking Our Asiatic Policy,"
at 8:15 p.m. tonight in the Rack-
ha'n Lture Hall as the concuct-
ing lecturer in the Summer Se -
si-n series, "The United States in
the W(rcl Crisis."
Prof. Reischauer, who was born
in Trcyo of missionary parents,
received an AB degree from Ober-
lin College in 1931 and a MA from
Harvaid University t 1932. He
completrea the requirements for q
Tnnt.- r Pnnnhv aripg' row

SOME STILL MISSING:
Jewels Returned to Hesse Royalty

>>

FRANKFURT, Germany-(P)-I

When the war en! v the castle

All wtmbers of the ziesa. fare-

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