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August 01, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-08-01

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EDITOR'SaNOTE
See Page 2

....... ................ . ............. . . IN -

Latest Deadline in the State

PARTLY CLOUDY AND COOLER

VOL. LXI, No. 25-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1951

FOUR PAGES

Russia Told
West Wants
World Peace
Morrison Speaks
ThroughPravda
LONDON-(P)--British Foreigi
Secretary Herbert. Morrison tol
the Russian people througha
Moscow newspaper yesterday tha
if they were really free they woul
know the West wants peace an
Soviet leaders are sowing the seed
of war.
Morrison's plain-spoken, 1,500
* word statement was published i
the Communist Party newspape
Pravda. In a speech at a Britisi
Press Association luncheon Jun
13, Morrison had challenged Pravy
da to print fully a statemen
from either him or Prime Ministe:
Attlee.
PRAVDA ACCEPTED the chal
lenge. It also published a 2,600
word rebuttal. The texts of bot
the message and the rebuttal wer
made public in Ilondon at th
hour of Pravda's press run.
At the same time Russia's nev
English magazine, the News an
nounced it would give space t
both United. States and Russia
journalists in its columns "fo
the expression of ideas designed t
promote friendly relations be
tween our country and America.
Morrison's statement to the
Russians said:
"You are told that we are war
mongers, that in alliance with th
other countries of West Europ
and the United States of Americ
'Y we are arming to the teeth to at
tack the Soviet Union; that w
are engaging in an arms race
that we are preparing for a ne
war. This is not true, None of i
is true."
MORRISON SAID that in Rus
sia there is "no freedom of speec
and free access to knowledge o
how the rest of the world live
and thinks, which is essential t
international understanding.
"This ignorance creates, fear
and suspicion of the motive of
other peoples," Morrison said.
Morrisn said e v e n Britis
broadcasts to Russia are "artifi
cially and intentionally jamme
by your government."
* * *
"I WONDER why?" asked Mor.
rison. "What has your governmen
to fear? I wish it would follow ou
practice - broadcasts in Englisi
from the Soviet Union can bi
freely listened to and the Britis
Communist .Daily paper Pravda
itself can be bought.
Pravda wrote in reply:
"In the U.S.S.R. freedom o:
speech, freedom of the press
freedom of organizations does no
exist for enemies of the people, fo
the landlords and capitalists over.
thrown by the Revolution. No
does it exist for incorrigible thiev-
es, for subversive agents, terrorists
and assassins sent in by foreig
secret services, for the criminal
who shot at Lenin....
'U' Summer
Orchestra Will
Play Tonight
Under the direction of Wayne
Dunlap, the University Summe
Session Orchestra will present a

concert of "summer music" at
8:30 p.m. today in Hill Audito-
rium.
Highlighting the concert will be
the first performance of Clyde
Thompson's "A Summer Over-
ture," and the soprano solo by
Mrs. Carol Nielson Wilder in Bar-
ber's "Knoxville: Summer of 1915,
Op. 24."
The program will start with a
suite offering all the major instru-
mental sections from the opera
"Orfeo" by Monteverdi. This work
has been edited and orchestrated
by Hans I'. David, resident lectur-
er in music.
Concluding the first half of the
program will be the popular "Sym-
phony No. 6 in F Major" (Pastor-
al) by Beethoven.
Prokofiev's "Summer's Day
Suite" will be the next number on
the program.
Spotlighting soprano soloist Mrs.

President Gives
O.K.on Controls
Truman Says Provisions ini Law
Will Force High Prices, Hurt U.S.
WASHINGTON-(kP)-President Truman reluctantly signed the
new controls law last night with a blast at provisions which he said
would "damage" Americans and force prices to "heights which we
cannot yet foresee."
The new law, which permits some price rollbacks and some in-
creases, and eases consumer credit curbs, continues basic economic
controls from last midnight through next June 30.
HE PROMISED a fight for powers which were denied or curtailed,
saying the nation's families cannot have protection against inflation
until "Congress repairs the dam-
age done by this new act."
Senate Hears He said the section of the law
covering inflation curbs is so bad
dhe would have used a veto had it
Fuie not been tied to essential powers
to encourage production, channel
materials to essential users, aid
business and control rents. He
As called those latter provisions "re-
latively adequate."
We will not be able to hold
Barmine Blasts down rising prices under this
act, and I am going to ask the
Owen Lattinore Congress to amend it to give us
adequate controls," Mr. Truman
said in a formal statement.
WASHINGTON - (R) - A fugi- He said the new law will force
tive Russian general told Senate the government "to permit rea-
spy hunters yesterday that in 1934 sonable adjustments in wages" to
or 1935 the Chief of Soviet Mili- fit cost of living increases. Work-
tary Intelligence regarded two ing people, he went on, cannot
Americans, Owen Lattimore and foot the bill for "the higher pro-
Joseph Barnes, as "our men." fits this act provides."
The story came from Alexander k.
Barmine, who served the Soviet MR. TRUMAN'S statement was
Union as a soldier and diplomat a vigorous reply to those Republi-
until 1937, when he said hebroke cans and other critics who have
with the Communists and fled said this is a good bill, and one
from the Russian authority to es- that could control inflation-if
cape "liquidation." properly administered.
* * * He aimed some of his hardest
BARMINE NOW works for the blows at the section of the law
State Department's "Voice of Am- which prohibits the setting of
erica" overseas broadcast pro- quotas on livestock slaughter,
grams. saying it amounts to "encourag-
He said he was offered the ing the return of black markets."
services of Lattimore and Barnes He was no less severe in his in-
while, as a Soviet Intelligence dictment of the price ceiling pro-
Officer, he was engaged in sup- visions. Two big ones require that
plying arms to a western Chinese ceilings reflect new costs incurred
province friendly to the Com- before last Thursday and that re-

Two
Fo

Compromises

r

Seen
Block

Peace

Talks

1

Largest oil
Refinery of
World Closes
Iranians Await
Talks' Outcome
ABADAN, Iran -- ()- The
world's largest refinery shut off
the gas yesterday to await the
outcome of hopeful new negotia-
tions between Britain and Iran in
their long dispute over Iran's oil
nationalization law.
The production stoppage at the
Anglo - Iranian Oil Company's
(AIOC) plant here was. followed
within hours by word from Teh-
ran, the capital, that the new
talks may begin there this week-
end.
* *,. *
OPTIMISM was the keynote of
American Special Enjoy W. Aver-
ell Harriman and the Iranian gov-
ernment. Less than ten hours
after Harriman's return from a
flying weekend visit to the Lon-
don government, the last barriers'
to the talks were reported cleared
away in Tehran.
Harriman had got Iran's deci-
sion to receive a British cab-
inet mission and Britain's agree-
ment to send one headed by
Richard Stokes, Lord Privy Seal.
Harriman's return brought on a
special meeting of Iran's cabinet
and oil board. Afterward, Deputy
Premier Hussein Fatemi predicted
the British mission would arrive
in Tehran by Saturday.
* * *
PREMIER Mohammed Mossa-
degh dined with Harriman to go
over final arrangements.
Fatemi said: "We are very op-
timistic. The Iranian government
has accepted Stokes as head of
the British negotiation delegation.
Harriman's sincere and friendly
efforts have brought results that
surpassed the most optimistic ex-
pectations."
The conferees are expected to
try for reconciliation on a basis of
British recognition that Iran
owns the oil production and in-
stallations of the AIOC under
Iran's Oil Nationalization Act, but
they should continue to be run
with British Know-how and sales-
manship.
The partnership before nation-
alization had been on a basis of
royalties for Iran from the Brit-
ish-controlled company.
Couzens Hall
Has Prowler
Police failed to locate a prowler
reported to have broken into Cou-
zens Hall early yesterday morning.
According to police reports, Hil-
da J. Appleton, night clerk of the
nurses' dormitory, said she heard
someone in the basement and dis-
covered that the rear door ap-
peared to have been forced, as the
lock had been sprung and splint-
ered wood lay around the floor.
Police investigation however un-
covered no traces of the prowler,
while the nurses slept peacefully,
through the disturbance.j

Fifteenth Session
nds in Deadlock
UN ADVANCE HEADQUARTERS, Korea-(A')-As usual, there
was no report on the outcome of yesterday's cease-fire talks which
lasted for two hours and 25 minutes.
Before the meeting Communist and United Nations negotiators
appeared ready to attempt a compromise on where to set up a buffer
zone or admit that Korean truce talks have reached a deadlock.
* * R u
FOR THE FIFTH straight day the Communist delegation insisted

RESIDENTS PROTEST-Headed by men carrying UN flags and
banners, residents of Seoul, South Korea, parade through the
streets in protest of the Red,-proposed armistice. line at the 38th
parallel. UN negotiators are holding out for the present battle
line.
A-BOMB REPORT:
AECas More Sites,
Storage Spac Needed

munist cause.
Asked whether Berzin identified
Lattimore and Barnes as Soviet In-
telligence Agents, Barmine replied
that Berzin "spoke of them as our
men."
* * *0
LATTIMORE, now a Johns Hop-
kins University professor special-
izing in Far Eastern affairs, was a
key figure in last year's Senate in-
vestigation of charges -by Senator
McCarthy (R-Wis.) that the State
Department harbored Red sym-
pathizers.
In Baltimore, Lattimore told a
reporter that any suggestion that
he was ever "their man" is "pure
poppycock."
"In 1933 I had no contact what-
ever with Russia," Lattimore said.
He added that at that time he was
writing a book called "Mongols in
Manchuria," which he said was
"savagely criticized" by the Rus-
sions later as showing ignorance.
BARNES, COMMITTEE records
show, is a former correspondent of
the New York Herald Tribune.
From 1931 to 1934, these files show,
he was secretary of the American
Council of the Institute of Pacific
Relations.
In New York, where Barnes now
works for a book publishing firm,
he issued this comment on Bar-
mine's testimony:
"I have never been a Commun-
ist, a sympathizer with Com-
munism, an agent for the Soviet
Union, or a willing participant
in the kind of political warfare
through personal denunciation
in which Communists and ex-
Communists and ambitious poli-
ticians are now engaged."

tailers and wholesalers get their
customary perecentage margin
over costs.
Mr. Truman declared the price
provisions would cause a rise in
"ceiling prices for the manufac-'
turer, the wholesaler and the re-
tailer." He hit specifically at the
prohibition against planned addi-
tional rollbacks on live beef.
He said it "makes effective roll-
backs on other vital cost-of-living
commodities practically impos-
sible."
0 0 *
Pr rce CeilingUs
ordered for
Durable Goods
WASHINGTON-(IP) - The Of-
fice of Price Stabilization late yes-
terday ordered into effect new
price regulations for thousands of
manufactured consumer g o ods,
machinery, textiles and clothing.
They will mean price rollbacks for
rsome and roll-forwards for others.
The orders were among a score
rushed out by OPS in line with the
new defense production bill passed
by Congress.
The agency had suspended all
pending price cutbacks and ad-
vances while Congress debated
controls legislation during July.
Among the products affected by
the new orders are radio and tele-
vision sets, refrigerators, house-
hold appliances, shoes, clothes,
many building materials, chemicals
and rubber products, cotton tex-
tiles, wool yarns and fabrics and
machinery.

WASHINGTON-(AP)-The Ato-
mic Energy Commission (AEC)
may be making bombs so fast that
the new storage space is needed.
This developed today out of a
brief reference in a semi-annual
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Wage
Stabilization Board yesterday ex-
tended indefinitely its allowance
of cost-of-living wage increases
hitched to the government price
index.
* * *
WASHINGTON-Gen. J. Law-
ton Collins told senators yester-
day that the United States will
have about 344,000 troops in
Europe one year from now.
This is 56,000 less than the
estimate made last week by Sec-
retary of Defense Marshall.
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. - A
United Nations subcommittee re-
commended last night the crea-
tion of permanent machinery to
plan and direct economic war
against future aggressors.
* * *
PARIS-Sweden and Portugal
have joined Britain and Ireland
in renouncing further Marshall
Plan dollar aid, William C. Fos-
ter, European economic aid ad-
ministrator, disclosed yesterday.
MILAN, Italy-A Roman Catho-
lic priest declared solemnly last
night that he would marry the
young American girl who followed
him to Italy determined to be-
come his wife.
Until then, Luciano Negrini, a
43-year-old former Italian mis-
sionary to China, had held that
his priestly vows would not permit
him to marry tall, blonde Claire
Young of Chicago.
Phoenix Given
$2,500_Grant
T h e University's Memorial-
Phoenix Project announced yes-

"DEVELOPMENT of new facilities
for weapons purposes proceedeOi,
and announcements were made of
some of the sites," said the report.
AEC Chairman Gordon Dean
was asked by reporters at a news
conference to what sites the re-
port referred, in addition to an-
nounced new production projects
such as the Savannah River Proj-
ect in Georgia.
Indicating that this reference
in the report wasn't confined to
production and test sites, Dean
added that "for instance, we don't
announce where we store our
bombs."
So far as is known, all finished
weapons have been stored at se-
cret places in the United States
since the first three bombs were
produced in 1945.
The progress not only in produc-
tion but in continued improvement
also was pointed up by the state-
ment of AEC officials that tests
of new weapons will be "much
more frequent" - weapons which
the officials described as having
a "bigger bang."
The report said, in a conserva-
tive tone, that they are "several
times more powerful than the Hi-
roshima and Nagasaki weapons."
This, it was explained, was one
of the reasons for having more
than a single proving ground, with
one opened last winter at French-
man's Flat, Neb., and the other test
area at Eniwetok Atoll in the Cen-
tral Pacific.

report to
gress.

the President and Con:-
* * *

U. S. Breaks
Trade with
CzechReds
WASHINGTON-(R)-The Uni-
ted States served notice last night
that it is breaking off contract
trade relations with Communist
Czechoslovakia, where Associated
Press Correspondent William N.
Oatis was recently sent to prison
for ten years.
The action will end American
tariff concessions for Czech goods
and Czech concessions on Ameri-
can exports.
State Department officials said,
a proclamation by President Tru-
man would formally end the con-
cession arrangements at a date yet
to be speciied.
The State Department, announc-
ing that this government "has'
determined to withdraw" trade
benefits from Czechoslovakia, also
disclosed the United States has
asked nations belonging to a world
wide "General Agreement on Tar-
iffs and Trade" (GATT) to ap-
prove termination of all obliga-
tions existing between the United+
States and Czechoslovakia under
that agreement.
These steps will not bar trade
between the two countries but will'
deny to Czechoslovakia the com-
petitive advantages it has enjoyed
in American markets through tar-'
iff concessions and the trade prac-
tices required by GATT.
One Third Fail
Draft Exams
WASHINGTON -(JP)- Selective
Service reported today that 38
per cent of the college students
who took the first draft aptitude
test flunked it.
But 40 per cent of the poorer
students who would not have rat-
ed consideration for draft defer-
ment on the basis of their show-
ing in the classroom got by the
test with scores of 70 or better.
In the upper portions of classes,
the percentage of passing grades
was 75.
* * *

that a 121/2 mile wide buffer zone
be centered along the 38th paral-
lel. The U.N. delegation again
sought to establish a 20-mile de-
militarized zone along the present,
battle line, from 20 to 35 miles
farther north.
The commander of Red Chi-
na's forces in Korea, Gen. Penk
Teh-Huai, warned that U.N.
troops would be at a disadvant-
age if armistice talks were bro-
ken off.
Peng's. statement followed a
speech by Gen. Chu Teh, Com-
mander in Chief of Chinese Red
armies, who expressed "constant
hope" for peace in Korea but
charged "imperialist countries do
not want peace."
* * *
AFTER Tuesday's meeting Brig.
Gen. William Nuckols, Chief U.N.
spokesman, told correspondents the
"area of disagreement has neither
broadened nor narrowed," since
last Thursday when the buffer
zone issue was first considered.
Two compromise possibilites
have been speculated upon at gd-
vance headquarters.
One was for Communist ac-
ceptance of the Allied position
provided there was an immed-
iate cease-fire a! ead of agree-
ment on all terms of an arm-
istice.
The other was that the Allies
could draw back to a defensible
line which would run two to 10
miles south of the 38th parallel in
the west but six to eight miles
north of that old political boun-
dary in central and eastern Korea.
Even if an agreement should be
finally worked out on the buffer
zone, tough bargaining still lay
ahead for the negotiators.
The third agenda item on th
conference calls for designation of
a supervisory international body
to see that rules of the cease-fire
are being observed. It could turn
into even more of a stumbling
block than the buffer zone issue.
Israel Election
Show Labor
Party Return
TEL AVIV, Israel- ()- Latest
official tabulations from Israel's
general elections showed last night
that the Labor Party Mapai, led by
Premier David Ben-Gurion, will re-
turn with approximately the same
number of deputies in the second
Hebrew parliament as it had in
the first-46.
The total number in the parlia-
ment is 120.
A second big party emerged for
the first time-the right-wing gen-
eral Zionist party led by former
Trade Minister Perez Bernstein.
The general Zionists will enter the
new parliament with about 20
deputies against seven i the old
body.
With returns lacking from only
20 of the country's 1,500 precincts,
Ben-Gurion's goal of forming a
stable left-to-center government
seems unlikely to be reached be-
cause the Mapai, with other left-
to-center groups, will be unable to
muster the necessary 51 per cent
of the Knesset (parliament).
Driver's License
Returned to Prince

SO WHO CARES?
Unconcern Registered
By Campus Draft-bait

EIGHTY-SIX PERCENT RIGHT:
Weatherman Speaks A uthoritatively

By RON GOLDSTEIN
In today's world one doesn't
have to be an authority to talk
about the weather, but it helps.
The man most qualified to talk
about the weather around here is
Ernest Williams. He can predict
anything up to a tornado, with an
amazing.86 percent accuracy.
* * *
WILLIAMS HANDLES the job
of nhif ffii a la Wi n _

it is safe to hang their clothes out
to dry. Others want to know if it
is all right for them to go on a
picnic. Still others give out with
a five-minute dissertation on the
faults of the weather bureau.
The bureau in Willow Run,
which is open 24 hours a day, com-
prises seven employes. It can be
reached by dialing 3YP and ask-
ing the operator for 2632. There

In regard to the qualifications of
a weatherman, Williams said, "He
should have 2 years of college edu-
cation which includes mathema-
tics and physics." Since the wea-
therman is paid by the govern-
ment, a civil service examination
has to be taken.
The past weekend was high-
lighted by a visit of President
Truman's pilot to chieck the fly-

Although a third of the nation's
draft eligible students flunked the
first Selective Service Aptitude
Test, University students didn't
seem much concerned over the
whole business.
Many reported that they had
not even bothered to check on
the results of their scores. Bob
Lewis, '52, expressed the passive
attitude of several men when he
said, "If I passed it, I passed it.
If I didn't, I didn't! Guess I was
too lazy to write a letter to my
draft board and inquire."
* ' * *

concentrate in order to answer
105 correctly and score a passing
grade of 70 or over.
Art Donkin, '52, complained
that while he had passed the
exam, his draftboard had classi-
fied him 1-A, and, although he
had spoken to them about it,
he had still not been reclassi-
fied.
Complaints like this about some
draft boards showing prejudice
against college students have been
received by the American Coun-
cil on Education.
* * *

terday that
Company of

the Central Paper
Muskegon, Michigan

t A 7WA TnlPTri'V of tin- infn-

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