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July 23, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-07-23

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IN THIS CORNER
See Page 2

as
La test Deadline in the State

Da3 i4

PARTLY CLOUDY

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 23, 1950

FOUR PA

nTalT T V N. 2 0-S

V VL. Leh 1VU F.V-7 < - -
i

I

Communists
Shell Island
Of Quemoy
Nationalists Set
For Red Invasion
T A I P E I, Formosa-(P)-The
Chinese Nationalist reported the
Chinese Communists began shell-
ing the Nationalist island of Que-
moy (Chinemen) last night in evi-
dent preparation for an attack.
Quemoy is a 50-square-mile is-
land 100 miles east of Formosa
and just off the Chinese mainland.
It blocks entry to the Communist
port of Amoy.
* * *
THE NATIONALIST Defense
Ministry, announcing the shelling,
said more than 1,300 Communist
small craft were massed around
Amoy in seeming readiness to at-
tack Quemoy.
Nationalist official quarters
v said eary today they had noti-
fied American authorities both
In Washington and Taipei of
theQuemoy situation.
They would not say whether
theyhad requested lifting of Pres-
ident Truman's ban against Na-
tionalist air" and sea operations
against the Communist mainland.
* * *
DESISTING from such attacks
was requested by President Tru-
man when he ordered the Ameri-
can Navy last month to protect
Formosa from a Communist in-
vasion.
One high Nationalist source
said Communist conquest of
Quemoy could be a prelude to an
invasion of Formosa.
"Or," he added, "they may'in-
tend to bypass Quemoy altogether
and attack us here in Formosa.
How do 'we know?"
This source, said that in the
past the Nationalists had been able
to break up such Communist con-
centrations by air and sea at-
tacks but that now Washington
had the say. .
(Whereabouts of the U. S. Se-
venth Fleet, which is patrolling the
Formosa straits, is not known.
The fleet apparently, however,
has kept well clear of the Com-
munist mainland.)
Shivers Leads
Texas Election
BULLETIN
DALLAS-(A)-Texas Democra-
tic primary, 11:30 p.m. returns
from 139 of 254 counties, four
complete2:
Gov.-Shivers 209,121, March
52,688.
Lt. Gov.-Brooks 57,379; Ram-
sey 42,758.
DALLAS--(I)-Handsome Gov.
Allan Shivers grabbed a wide lead
last night in the first report of
Democratic primary returns from
the Texas election bureau.
The tabulation in the race for
Governor - with only six counties
represented - gave Shivers 13,-
685 votes, to 3,778 for Caso March,
former BZaylor University lawyer.
The five other gubernatorial
candidates trailed far behind.
Leopold's Return
Leads to Riots

BRUSSELS--(P)-The return of
King Leopold III from six years
in exile set off militant demonstra-
tions by his foes in downtown
Brussels last night.
Windows of the pro-King Cath-
olic newspaper Libre Belgique were
smashed.
IN MARTYR'S SQUARE, Socia-
lists vowed, with upraised arms
and clenched fists, to drive Leo-
pold from the throne.
Leopold supporters heckled
the demonstrators, led by ex-
premier Paul Henri Spaak, and
were chased down a side street.
Communists paraded in down-
twon boulevards.
The Socialist-controlled Belgian
Trade Unien Federation ordered
the labor movement to open re-
sistance against Leopold "at the
opportune moment."
YPs To Sponsor

'Worker' Off Most
Detroit Newstands
Council Delays Enforcing Ban
So Vet Takes Action To End Sales
By DON McNEIL and AL BLUMROSEN
Special to The Daily
DETROIT-The Daily Worker, Communist newspaper, is fast
becoming a collector's item as far as Detroit newsstands are con-
cerned.
A City Council resolution, signed by Mayor Albert J. Cobo, for-
bidding the sale of "subversive" publications on Detroit's streets, went
into effect at 4:30 p.m. Friday.
Many newsstands, however, stopped, selling the Worker before
the ban went into effect.
FOR SEVERAL REASONS, stands still selling the Worker were
still in busin'ess:
1. City officials have agreed not to close down any stands
which continue selling "subversivg" papers until the legality of

North I
Coastal

(oreans

Recapture

Town

of

Yangdo

7-

Shady Trails
To Dedicate
New Plaque
The Kresge Foundation's gift
of Shady Trails, speech, improve-
ment camp, to the University will
be acknowledged tomorrow by the
unveiling of bronze plaque at the
camp, near Northport, Mich.
University representatives who
will be present at the ceremony
include Vice-President Robert P.
Briggs; Prof. G. E. Densm'ore,
chairman of the speech depart-
ment; Prof. Harlan H. Bloomer,
director of the Speech Clinic; and
Dr. James Maxwell, professor of
otolaryngology in the Medical
School. All are members of the
advisory committee for the camp.
STANLEY KRESGE is expected
to represent the Foundation.
The unveiling, scheduled for
11:30 a.m., will be followed by
a luncheon in the camp dining
room.
Previously under private owner-
ship, Shady Trails was given to
the University by the Foundation
in March, 1949. This transaction
enabled large scale research in
speech correction which private
funds could not support.
* * *
THE CAMP was founded in 1932
by John Clancy, now director of
the camp and assistant to the di-
rector of the Speech Clinic.
From an initial enrollment of
four, attendance at the camp
has increased to its present ca-
pacity of 92 boys, representing
26 states.
Most of the cases at the camp
are those resulting from stutter-
ing, spastic conditions, cleft pa-
late, hearing difficulties and ar-
ticulatory problems.
THE 32 MEMBERS of the camp
staff represent several speech cli-
nics throughout the country.
Most of the actual speech im-
provement is incorporated into
the every-day activities of sum-
mer camp life. Clancy believes this
helps the students in carrying over
their newly-learned speech habits
into every-day life.
Shady Trails became affiliated
with the University over a per-
iod of years. In 1942 the con-
nection was officially recogni-
zed by an act of the Board of
Regents.
The Kresge Fund was interested
in the camp and wanted tp make
a donation, but it could not con-
tribute to a -privately owned con-
cern.
An arrangement was finally,
made, however, whereby an ad-
vance was given to the Fund by
the University, which resulted in
its present acquisition of the camp.

the ban has been tested in court.
Acting Mayor Louis C. Mariapi
is doubtful of the legality of
declaring publications "subver-
sive."
2. A specific resolution of the
Council that the Daily Worker
is subversive has not yet been
passed.
Butwhile police delayed enforc-
ing, the ban, Edward Rendzio, a
former GI and anti-Communist,
interpreted the ban in his own+
way. -
PASSING A newsstand at Mich-
igan and Griswold in downtown
Detroit, where Worker sympathiz-
ers were gathered to protest the
ban by buying copies of the paper,
Rendzio went into action.
He began a one-man cam-
paign to get the paper off the
stand, by buying up copies and
ripping them in half. The papers
then ended up unceremoniously
in a trash can.
A crowd of shoppers, office work-
ers and professional men soon
gathered to support him. They
cheeredhhim on at his work, and
when he ran out of money con-
tributed nickels, dimes and dol-
lars to the campaign.
THIS WENT on for more than
an hour, while a Worker sympa-I
thizer, taken by surprise, counter-i
ed by buying cQpies and selling
them to members of the protest
group.
Action on both sides ceased
when police cars arrived.
Members of the police clean-up
squad bought copies of the Work-
er, a magazine called "Soviet Rus-
sia Today," and the Weekly Re-
port (a socialist newspaper) in
preparation for a test case.
KF Production
To StartAgain
Kaiser-Frazer auto plant will
resume production tomorrow after
a wildcat strike by 10,000 workers
ended late Friday night.
But officials of UAW-CIO Local
142 have scheduled a strike vote
for next Thursday, at the same
time maintaining that Friday's
walkout was "unauthorized." They
said the strike, if voted for, would
be authorized by national union
officials.
* * *
SEVERAL minor squabbles flar-
ed up during the strike. Sheriff
John Osborn said that tension
mounted between the pickets and
workmen who wanted to enter
the plant.
Osborn said that he did not
expect any future trouble at the
plant, when K-F shifts start re-
porting for work again at mid-
night today.
A union spokesman said Local
142's executive board is conduct-
ing an investigation of the inci-
dent in which an afternoon shift
union chairman was suspended by
the corporation.

Peace Appeal
COPENHAGEN - () - Den-
mark's biggest newspaper, Ber-
lingske Tidende, reported yes-
terday that 12,000 Danes have
asked that their signatures be
withdrawn from the Commun-
ist-inspired Stockholm peace
petition.
Withdrawals includedescores
from children, Tidende said,
some of them under 10 years
old.
The paper published a notice
a week ago that anyone who
regretted his signature on the
petition which calls for outlaw-
ing the atom bomb should tell
Berlingske Tidende so.
West Europe
Defense Move
Set byU.S.
Ambassador To
Attend Pact Meet
WASHINGTON--()-A new ef-
fort to add German resources to
the defense of Western Europe
has been decided upon by the
American government.
It will be launched at a session
of the North Atlantic Treaty coun-
cil beginning in London Tuesday.
AMBASSADOR C h a r l e s M.
Spofford, special American envoy
setting out for London yesterday,
was to determine how far and how
fast Atlantic Fwt nations are
willing to go in pressing more
of Western Europe's industrial
production and manpower into
military service.
Spofford carried instructions
from President Truman and
Secretary of State Acheson to
get new Atlantic Treaty machin-
ery into high gear fast and be-
gin planning how to increase
the speed and scope of rearma-
ment throughout the Atlantic
defense area.
Meanwhile it was learned that
this government will prompty sup-
ply arms to independently Com-
munist Yugoslavia if Soviet satel-
lite countries attack it.
All indications are, however,
that no American military aid will
be given in advance, partly be-
cause Tito's forces are considered
adequately equipped and partly
because such action now might be
considered provocative.
Yugoslav ambassador Vladimir
Popovic has been pressuring Amer-
ican government and Internation-
al Bank officials for a new dollar
loan but so far has no assurance
of early action. However, the State
Department has decided as a mat-
ter of policy that Tito must get
the basic financial assistance he
needs to keep going.
Census Totals
Show Raise.
Of 19_Million
WASHINGTON-(A)-The Cen-
sus Bureau yesterday estimated
the 1950 population of the United
States at 150,520,000 men, women
and children.
Michigan showed a 20.5 per cent
increase to 6,334,172 in 1950 from
the 1940 figure of 5,256,106.
THE U.S. TOTAL is almost 19,-
000,000 higher than the 1940 total
of 131,699,275.

At the same time, the Bureau
announced preliminary totals for
all of the states and the Mtrict
of Columbia.
The figures, when carefully
checked and revised where neces-
sary, will be used by Congress to
help determine how many Repre-
sentatives each state will be en-
titled to in the house.
* * *
THAT INFORMATION was not
immediately available, and census
officials said it probably would not

BOMBERS HIT PORT-Superforts from the Twentieth Air Force score a direct hit on an indus-
trial area at a port in Northern Korea in campaign to cripple invader's supply routes.
____ ___ ___ ____ ___ ___ ____ ___ ___K,,* * *

* * *

* * *

Pressure Up
In Hamchan~
Front Sector
Armor, Infantry
Build New Thrusi
By The Associated Press
TOKYO, Sunday - North Ko
rean troops have recaptured Yong
donk on the east Korean coast
General MacArthur announced
today as American and Commu
nist patrols probed along th
Western front.
Yongdok, destroyed by Allied
naval gunfire and taken by U. &
and South Korean forces Friday
was lost Saturday before a Red
attack in regimental strength,
MacArthur said in a Sunday corh-
munique.
* * *
THE TOWN is 26 air miles nort]
of Pohang where the First Caval
ry Division (infantry) landed
Tuesdayiin the first American am
phibous operation of the war.
It is an important point on
the Reds southern thrust dwn
the East coast toward the vital
supply port of Pusan. It also
controls a highway through the
high coastal mountains to the
central front around Yeehon.
MacArthur also reported "in
creased" Red pressure in the arec
of Hamchang, 15 miles southwes
of Yechon which was taken b
American forces Friday.
Field dispatches reported Re
armor and infantry building u
for assault on new American pe
sitions South and East of falle:
Taejon where first cavalry el&
ments have gone in as reinforce
ments.

FESTIVE BARGAINS:
AA Will BDust Out With
Super Sales This Week
By PETER HOTTON
Daily City Editcr
Ann Arbor will become just like any other United States town
Wednesday and Thursday.
It will be the scene of two fabulous "Bargain Days," during
which some 125 stores will slash their prices-to compare favorably
with other towns.

J
I
1
I
9
t
i
1

* * *

*

ALL THE MEMBER STORES of the Retail Merchants' Associa-
tion are getting into the spirit of the day, plus other general-mer-
chandise stores.
Even campus town stores will reduce prices on many of their
goods, with an eye to student trade.

Louis Crispman, executive sec-

Eight National
Guard Units
Set for Action
By The Associated Press
The prospect of a call to duty
hung yesterday over at least eight
units of the Michigan National
Guard, with all units reported
"ready."
The Army announced Friday it
is calling non-divisional guard
units into active federal duty, but
that divisional units are not be-
ing considered for call "at this
time."
WHETHER ANY of the 1,067
Michigan men in non-divisional'
outfits will be included in the call
is not known.
Meanwhile the 1,416 men in
the state's Air National Guard
began an intensive two-week
summer training session. Some
are at Romulus Air Base, some
at Grayling and some at Sel-
fridge Field.
The 7,956 ground troops in the
Guard's 46th Infantry Division
also went full speed ahead for their
annual training encampment at
Grayling starting Aug. 12. But
there has been no indication that
the 46th division men will be call-
ed soon.
Tannous Will
Speak Tuesday

Williams Asks
More Bonuses
LANSING-(P)-Governor Wil-
liams yesterday suggested that
Michigan men fighting in Korea
be made eligible for the Michigan
Veterans' Bonus.
The "possibility" of extending
the bonus to the Korean fighters,{
"should be immediately explored,"
he told the State Amvets conven-
tion here.
* * *
"I AM informed," he said, "that
some $10,000,000 remains unex-
pended in the bonus fund."
Before this money could be
used, he added, "there are Con-
stitutional problems w h i c h
would have to be overcome."

retary of the local Chamber of
Commerce, warned that inexper-
ienced shoppers well-being might
be endangered by the host of
house-wives that swoop down upon
the town and go methodically from
store to store snatching up pro-
digious amounts of clothes and
accessories for the whole family.
* * *
HOURS WILL BE from 9 a.m. tot
5:30 p.m. both days. Crispman
suggested the morning of the first
day as the best time to get the
biggest bargains.1
Originating in the 1930's, the1
special sale days were called
dollar days before the war, but
since the dollar isn't worth any-
thing any more the event was
changed to Bargain Day.
Ann Arbor has become notor-
ious for special bargains during
these days, and shoppers come
from all over the state, some as
far as Jackson, Battle Creek and
Grand Rapids.
One Grand Rapids housewife
wrote the Chamber of Commerce
that she wants to spend her vaca-
tion here-next week so she can
take advantage of the low prices.
So if you're afraid of govern-
ment restrictions and hoarders,
here's your chance to stock up on
these fabulous bargains-if you
have fabulous amounts of lucre.
Finally Suspended
The State Liquor Control Com-
mission has finally gotten around
to suspending the license of a ta-
vern charged of selling beer to a
minor - last November.
The tavern, on 112 W. Liberty
St., was also fined $100 and order-
ed to have its license suspended
for an additional 20 days if the
fine is not paid, on top of its 15-
days suspension.

* '*

*

DESPITE MURKY weather,
American tactical air forces straf-
ed the Reds in Taejon yesterday.
Superfortress bombers carried
the brunt of the air war against
the enemy as bad weather dras-
tically limited activity, Far East
Air Force Headquarters an-
nounced today.
The big Boeings of the Far East
Bomber Command ranged north
of the 38th parallel, dropping more
than 100 tons of high explosives,
a communique said.
In 18 days of grim battling for
time, the 24th Division - outnum-
bered at times 20-to-1 - had
yielded 70 miles in five major re-
treats. The last and bloodiest re-
treat was from Taejon, where the
24th held for three days. Orders
called for a two-day stand if pos-
sible.

Mackenzie King
Dies at Kingsmere

y

OTTAWA- (') - William Lyon
Mackenzie King, 75, former Prime
Minister of Canada and a veteran
of British Commonwealth and
world political affairs, died last
night at Kingsmere, his summer
home 20 miles from Ottawa.
King's physician said his death
was caused by "hypostatic pneu-
monia, preceded by an attack of
acute pulmonary edema" (accumu-
lation of body fluid).
Air Fair Here
DETROIT-(P)-Four new ac-
cess roads to Willow Run Airport
are being built to handle the
crowds expected to attend the In-
ternational Air Fair August 11-13.

The Institute on the Near East
will present Afif Tannous lec-
turing at 4:15 p.m. Tuesday in
the Rackham Amphitheatre on
"Land Tenure Reform - The Key
to Near East Stability and De-
velopment."
Tannous is a specialist in the
agricultural community organiza-
tion and agricultural development
of the Near East. His studies of
social and economical problems
of Near Eastern village life have
been of high competence.
IN ADDITION to being an in-
structor of social science at the
University of Beorut from 1931 to
1937, Tannous was a member of
the American Mission for Aid to
Greece and Turkey as agricultural
coordinator in 1946.
He is advisory editor for the
Middle East Journal in addition
to being a member of the UN
Economic Survey Mission to the
Near East in 1949.

COMMAND PERFORMANCE:
Stanley Quartet Will
Premiere Special Work

THE FIGHTING commander of
the 24th Division in Korea, Maj.
Gen. William F. Dean,. was offi-
cially listed as missing in action
and possibly wounded.
MEANWHILE, in Washington,
a $7,000,000,000 "indusrtial reserve
of nearly 460 war plants and po-
tential munitions factories stand
ready to produce for all-out war
on short notice.
Fourteen Michigan plants, in-
cluding Willow Run, are eligible
for quick conversion to defense
production.
Skipper Sights
Russian Sub
ST. JOHN'S, Nfld.-(;P)-The
captain of a foreign fishing traw-
ler has reported sighting a sub-
marine which appeared to be Rus-
sian off Newfoundland July 12.
His story was told today by a
weekly newspaper. The Canadian
Navy at Ottawa said its Intelli-
gence Branch also received the
report several days ago and that
it is investigating.
* * *
THE SKIPPER, who left tlree
days ago after taking on supplies,
was reported to have told naval
authorities the submarine sur-
faced in the early morning fog less

CRUICKSHANK TO SPEAK:
Health Insurance To Be Discussed

The Stanley Quartet will offer
the world premiere of Quincy Por-
ter's "Quartet No. 8", a work com-
missioned by the University and
dedicated to the Quartet, at their
second summer concert, 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday in the Rackham Lecture
Hall.
Porter, a professor of music at

en with Mozart's "Divertimento
in E-flat, K. 563, for Violin, Vi-
ola and Cello" played by Gil-
bert Ross, Emil Raab, Paul Dok-
tor and Oliver Edel of the music
school.
Alfred Einstein, eminent music-
ologist, said the work was "intend-
ed to offer the hearer something

* * *

The issues involved in adoption
of a National Health Insurance
Plan will be discussed by three au-
thorities next week as part of
the summer series on "The Quest
for Social Security."

the Federal Advisory Council on
Social Security to the Senate Fi-
nance Committee. The labor eco-
nomist has also been a member
of the U.S. Commission to the
United Nations Educational, Scien-

_ _:::-; _ :__:::_;:_i _:;;
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