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July 16, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-07-16

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ART CINEMA LEAGUE
See Page 2

E'Y

Latest Deadline in the State

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CLOUDY, SHOWERS

VOL. LX, No. 15-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 16, 1950

FOUR PAGES

Americans

Repulse

Latest

Kum

Crossing

} l v/

Stalin Sends
Answer to
Nehru Note
Believe USSR
Seeks Asia Talks
MOSCOW-(P)-Prime Minister
Stalin made his first statement on
the Korean fighting yesterday in
a personal message to Indian Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
Contents of the note were not
disclosed. Nehru, who has an-
nounced his willingness to serve
as a mediator in the Korean con-
fict, sent a personal note to Stalin
Thursday. The reply was handed
to Dr. S. Radakrishman, Indian
Ambassador to Moscow, by Soviet
Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A.
Gromyko.
* * *
THE INDIAN EMBASSY issued
a statement yesterday saying:
"The Indian Ambassador was re-
quested to call at the Ministry of
-t Foreign Affairs at 3:30 p.m. yes-
terday. Gromyko delivered to him
a letter from Generalissimo Stalin
to thePrime Minister of India."
A personal message from
Nehru also went to U.S. Secre-
tary of State Dean Acheson
Thursday. As in the case of
Moscow, contents of the note
were not disclosed, and Acheson
is still considering it.
Before the Indian Embassy is-
sued'its statement, there had been
a growing belief in foreign circles
here that the Soviet Union would
like to discuss the entire Far East-
ern question. This would include
Korea, Formosa, and Indochina.
DURING THE WEEK foreign
diplomats had expressed the opin-
ion that the Soviet Union wants
to see a peaceful settlement of the
Korean conflict. At that time they
Y said Russia's price for such a set-
lement probably would be the
withdrawal of American troops
and any other foreign troops from
the Korean peninsula. The Soviets
also were said to want general
elections in both North and South
Korea to pick a single government
for the whole peninsula.
Lincoln White, press officer
for the State Department, said
Friday in Washington that the
minimum condition for a solu-
tion of the Korean Crisis is for
the North Koreans to stop fight-
ing and withdraw to their own
territory.
White also said that the "prop-
er forum" for trying to settle the
crisis is the United Nations, adding
that the matter is not one for
direct negotiations between. Mos-
cow and Washington.
Jets Have Top
Korean Score
TOKYO-(R)-The Air Force's
F-80 shooting star jet planes have
"accounted for 85 percent of North
korean vehicle and materiel loss-
es," the Far East Air Forces com-
T mander said yesterday.
Lt. Gen. George E. Stratemeyer
praised the speedy fighters in a
statement following battlefield re-
ports that the jets were too fast
for ground strafing or coping with
the Russian-made Yak fighters
used by Communist North Korean
forces.
"Rockets and machinegun fire
from F-80s has blown up more
tanks, trucks and other equipment
than all other types of air attack

combined," Stratemeyer said.

-Courtesy United States Fish and Wild Life Service
DELIRIUM NIGHTMARE?--This isn't "a fiendish pre-historic
beast, but a sea lamprey, fast killing off Great Lakes trout and
other fish. The lamprey's worst enemy is now the U.S. Fish and
Wild Life Service, bent on total destruction of the eel-like pre-
dator.

* * *

*

Wild Life, War on Sea
L am preyProgressing
By PETER HOTTON
(Daily City Editor)
If you like fish, especially lake trout, you can thank the U.S. Fish
and Wild Life Service for attempting to save this fish from extinction
by its bitter but progressing war against the sea lamprey, scourge of
the Great Lakes.
Like an eel in appearance, the lamprey preys on its favorite food,
the lake trout and other fine-scaled fish by attaching its round,
sucker-like mouth, and rasping out the flesh with its horny teeth.
* * *
FISHERMAN HAVE dubbed the beast "nine-eyes," because of
the long row of gills on each side of the head.
The Wild Life Service has been warring on the lampreys for
several years, though its all-out battle didn't start until the first

U.S. To Hang
On in Korea
CollinsSays
Truman To Ask
Mobilizing Power
WASHINGTON - (P) - The Ar-
my's Chief of JStaff said yesterday
U.S. ground forces will hang on in
Korea until they get enough rein-
forcements to hurl back the Com-
munist invaders.
Gen. J. Lawton Collins discount-
ed all talk that the American Army
might eventually be pushed into
the sea by the North Korean
Forces.
* * *
TO HELP DO the job, the Army
Chief of Staff said new weapons
and ammunition, inclucing tanks,
are being moved into Korea.
Collins, just back from a trip
to the battle area with Gen.
Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Air Force
Chief of Staff, told a news con-
ference: "It isn't going to be an
easy task. But I haven't the
slightest doubt in the world we
will hold an extensive area in
Korea."
He said weapons and ammuni-
tion-including tanks-are being
sent to the Americans on the bat-
tle line.
* * *
LATER IN the daydhigh admin-
istration officials said that Presi-
dent Truman wil send Congress a
special message by mid-week ask-
ing funds and authority to carry
through a partial mobilization
program.
The program, covering both
men and production of war ma-
teriel, will be adequate to meet
the Korean crisis and the broad-
er Western-Russian emergency,
it was said, but will not put the
country on a full war footing.
Final decisions on the precise
steps to be taken will be made
by Pres. Truman at the latest,
some responsible informants said,
and the message to Congress will
go forward immediately there-
after. It will be the President's
first such pronouncement on the
crisis which broke upon the world
three weeks ago.
REP. VAN ZANDT (R-Pa.) had
told a Veterans of Foreign Wars
convention at Harrisburg, Pa. earl-
ier in the day that he believed U.S.
troops might have to evacuate
Korea within 72 hours.
Gen. Collins asserted that even
with the equipment they've had,
the relatively untried U.S. forces,
fresh from occupation duty in Ja-
pan, had done an exceptionally
fine job. Vandenberg reported that
he too was completely satisfied
with the performance and morale
of the Americans in Korea.
Fire Defense
Splits 'U', City
The University and the City
Council don't see eye to eye on
fire protection, according to the
report of Alderman John S. Dob-
son.
Dobson, who represents the
Council in talks between the city
and the University, said nego-
tiations with Vice-President Rob-
ert P. Briggs are proceeding "very,
very slowly" over the question of
University aid in building up the
city Fire Department.
* * *

DOBSON WAS authorized by
the Council to conduct talks with
Briggs after the Haven Hall dis-
aster. The University does not
now pay anything to the city for
fire protection.

GIs DUCK ON KOREAN PATROL-United States soldiers crouch for shelter when a burst of small
arms fire in the distance interrupted their patrol in area around Chonan, since fallen to invading
North Korean troops. Carl Mydans of Life Magazine risked his neck to get the shot. The North
Koreans are now fighting a hard battle to get over the Kum River, northwest of Taejon, in the face
of heavy United States artillery fire.

Democratic Opposition
Hits War-time Controls
WASHINGTON-WP)-Democratic opposition arose in Congress
yesterday against any action to clamp wartime price-wage and ra-
tioning controls on the country as a result of the Korean fighting.
Senator George (D-Ga), who heads the Senate Finance Com-
mittee, told a reporter he believes it would be "a very serious error"
for the Administration to seek either to impose sweeping controls now
or to ask for standby authority to put them into effect later.
SENATOR CONNALLY (Dem.-Tex.), who heads the Senate Finance
Committee, said he doesn't believe such controls are necessary now.

e'e
Tito Regime
May Be Next
On Soviet List
Slosson Suspicious t
Of Balkin Friction
The recent border clashes in-
volving Yugoslavia and the troop
movements within the Russiani
satellites surrounding that nations
may be just another war scare ort
might conceivably be the forerun-s
ners of a Moscow-directed attack
against Yugoslavia, Prof. Preston
Slosson of the history depart-
ment said yesterday.
Prof. Slosson said that oorder
clashes in the Balkans are noth-
ing new.
* . *
HOWEVER, Prof. Slosson as-
serted that he has suspected thatr
the Communist aggression in Kor-s
ea may be a cover-up for more im-c
portant action in Berlin, Iran or
Yugoslavia.F
Moscow would want to sub-t
jugate Yugoslavia as a lesson toc
the other countries within herr
realm who may have ideas oft
Titoism, Prof. Slosson said. t
He declared that if the Com-
munists were bent on further ag-t
gression, Yugoslavia would be ae
very inviting target because ofc
her position in world affairs. Yugo-1
slavia is on the fence between
West and East. She is both Coin-
munist and anti-Russian.c

of the year, when the invasion
of the predators became alarm-
ing, and was given aid by the
federal government.
Since that time, the Service has
captured and killed 40,000 lam-
preys, but this is only a drop in
the bucket compared to the mil-
lions of dollars lost annually by
commercial fishermen, according
to James Moffett, chief of the
Great Lakes Fishery Investigation,
which is dedicated to the destruc-
tion of the eel-like parasite.
* * *
THE UNIVERSITY has aided
in the war by providing office
space for headquarters in Ann Ar-
bor, and the Service itself has had
students studying here.
The lamprey first appeared in
the lower Great Lakes in 1921,
having made its way inland from
the Atlantic Ocean through the
St. Lawrence River and the
Welland Canal, which bypasses
Niagara Falls.
If a fish survives a lamprey at-
tack long enough to be caught, its
sale value is almost nil, because
people won't buy fish with large
scars on them, thinking they are
diseased, Moffett explained.
The lake trout fishing in Lake
Huron is just about non-existent,
because of the lamprey, he de-
clared. From 1932 to 1949 the an-
nual catch dropped from more
than two million pounds to less
than 1,000, he added.
* * *
THE SITUATION is not much
better in Lake Michigan - an
estimated 500,000 pounds were
caught last year, another drastic
plunge from earlier years.
Another reason the lamprey is
so dangerous is that it has over-
crowded Lake Michigan fishing
areas with fishermen forced from
the other lakes.
How does the Fish and Wild
Life Service tackle the problem?
* * *
THREE METHODS are used:
1. Building traps at the mouths
of streams along the lakes, cap-
turing the adults when they at-
tempt to run up these streamsato
spawn. The dams of the traps are
low enough for a fish to jump, but
too high for lampreys to get over.
"Early reports on these bar-
rier dams are highly encoura-
ging," Moffett said.
2. American eels, which have op-

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - New attempts
to slash further into Marshall
Plan spending neared a Senate
showdown yesterday with both
sides using national defense rea-
sons to support their argument.
Urging another cut in the funds
now ticketed at $2,668,000,000 in
the Senate's General Appropriation
Bill, Senator Ferguson (R-Mich.)
said the program would give Eur-
ope many commodities now needed
for the Korean war.
Majority Leader Lucas (D-Ill.),
rallying Administration forces to
ward off another cut in funds for
the Economic Cooperation Admin-
istration which runs the program,
said such an action would give
"further aid and comfort to the
Kremlin."
* * *
SOUTH SALEM, N.Y.-Henry
A. Wallace yesterday declared
his support of the United States
and the United Nations in the
Korean conflict.
QUITO, Ecuador - A revolt
against President Galo Plaza Las-
so's government broke out at
Guayaquil yesterday, but the lead-
ers were quickly arrested. Gov-
ernment reports said the capital
and other cities were quiet last
night.
WASHINGTON - (P) - The
House Un - American Activities
Committee said yesterday con-
tempt citations will be sought.
against six persons-one a Brook-
lyn professor linked by the Com-
mittee with Russian atomic spying.
Chairman Wood (D-Ga.) said
the Committee will recommend
that the House vote the citations
because the six persons refused to
answer questions about Commun-
ist activities on ground of self-
incrimination.

"If we need them later, I as-
sume that we will put them on,"
he said in an interview.
Senator Taft (Rep.-Ohio) al-
ready has announced his opposi-
tion to granting the President
sandby powers. The attitude of the
Democratic senators made it ap-
parent that the Administration
will have to move slowly on the
subject of mandatory controls or
face a possible Congressional set-
back.
As a matter ofrfact, President
Truman has expressed the view
that no food rationing will be ne-
cessary. Administration leaders
have indicated privately that the
President now is thinking in terms
of possibly voluntary agreements
on the allocation of steel and other
war-vital materials.
SRA Seminars
The Student Religious Asso-
ciation is presenting a series of
seminars at 4 p.m. on Monday and
Tuesday in Lane Hall Library.
The topic will be "Living Alter-
natives to Christian Faith."
Chancellor T. R. Milford will
conduct the seminars.

M'Arthur Lifts
Ban on Korea
Up, APMen
By The Associated Press
TOKYO-(IP)-The Army bar-
red two U.S. correspondents from
the South Korean front yesterday
but General MacArthur lifted the
ban today.
MacArthur told Tom Lambert
of the Associated Press and Peter
Kalischer of the United Press to
go back to the war, adding that
he had full confidence in their
judgment on future war coverage.
MacARTHUR said also he was
lifting the ban because both were
old friends of his.
Yesterday, U.S. military officials
abruptly notified Lambert and
Kalischer that they could not re-
turn to Korea.
SHORTLY AFTERWARD, an
officer high in General MacAr-
thur's headquarters said Lt. Gen.
Walton H. Walker, Commander of
the Allied Forces in Korea, has
been given authority to apply mili-
tary censorship over correspon-
dents in the war area.
MacArthur told the four cor-
respondents, however, that he
believed censorship was not the
proper means of insuring sound
war reporting. He felt sound
reporting rested on the almost
intuitive judgment of trained
newspapermen.
Many correspondents have re-
quested formal censorship as a
means of helping clear away the
confusion attendant on trying to
report the Korean campaign.

Air Attacks
Batter North
Korean Lines
Navy Planes To
Defend Formosa
TOKYO, Sunday-(P)-General
MacArthur's Headquarters -said
today U.S. counterattacks had
smashed at least two Communist
attempted crossings of the Kum
River, inflicting "heavy casualties."
His communique, timed at 2:45
p.m., Japan Daylight Time, said
elements of two American infantry
regiments had beaten back Com-
munist forces in counter attacks
on Friday and Saturday.
* -* *
MacARTHUR said the 34th In-
fantry Regiment in a counter-
thrust drove -Communist forces
back across the Kum during Fri-
day night.
The battle site was near Samgyo,
about 8 or 10 miles southwest of
Kongju. MacArthur's Saturday
communique said a bridgehead of
undetermined size had been es-
tablished there on Saturday morn-
ing.
The second counterattack, un-
leashed by the 19th U.S. Infantry
Regiment, prevented an attempted
crossing early on Saturday morn-
ing. This was farther upsteam
near Sohang village, about siX
miles east of Samgyo and about 18
miles northwest of Taejon, the
former provisional capital of South
Korea.
The crossing northwest of Tae-
jon came as around-the-clock Al-
lied air attacks helped the Amer-
icans hold their defense lines along
the twisting river through last
night and early Sunday.
The North Koreans were ack-
nowledged earlier to have enlarged
their bridgehead on the s uth baz
of the Kum about 20 miles north-
west of Taej on. Field dispatches
indicatedthe nCommunists have
advanced five miles from this river
and are about 15 miles west of
Taejon.
INTENSE aerial assaults were
believed to have disrupted enemy
attempts to bolster the bridge-
head. Another front dispatch said
U.S. air strikes on targets along
the north bank had touched off
18 fires. One flamed 100 feet into
the air. It was believed to have
been a supply dump.
A brief announcement from
Gen. MacArthur said U.S. Sev-
enth Fleet planes had been sent
aloft to assist in preventing a
Chinese Communist attack on
Formosa.
It said the aerial operations also
were to prevent any air or sea
operations by the Nationalists
against the Communist mainland.
The naval patrols "have been
issued strict instructions to remain
outside Chinese territorial waters.
THE SOUTH KOREANS above
the Kum north of Taejon are
fighting doggedly, and so far have
kept the invaders from reaching
the river. A break across the river
here might put the Communists
in the rear of the American posi-
tions north and west of Taejon.
North of the Kum to the west
to Taejon, however, Communist
troops were reported moving
southward unopposed. Their num-
bers were not known.
Volunteer UN

Armies May
Be Established
LAKE SUCCESS - (P) - Top-
ranking United Nations officials
are considering seriously forma-
tion of a volunteer international
legion to throw into the Korean
fighting in support of Gen. Mac-
Arthur, it was learned last night.
The disclosure came as the UN
waited for concrete offers of aid
from non-Communist members in
answer to UN Secretary-General
Trygve Lie's urgent appeal for
help sent out to 52 nations.

Pig on Lamb Converted Into
Pork Chops by Hit-Run Driver

Once there was a pig who didn't
want to go to Lansing.
Of course, D. E. Johnson didn't
realize that when he purchased
the pig Friday from an Ann Arbor
township farm to take back to
Lansing with him..
* * *
BEFORE GOING home, Johnson
stopped for dinner at the home
of his brother-in-law, Alfred Ill-
ing, 718 : W. Jefferson St., where
his young niece eagerly awaited a
glimpse of the animal.
But to and behold the pig was
gone. He had run away!'
While Mrs. Illing phoned the
police, her husband and brother
drove back over the route in
search.

THEN THE dreadful news was
discovered: the pig had collided
with a hit-and-run driver on Sta-
dium Blvd., with fatal results-
for the pig.
Meanwhile, an Ann Arbor po-
liceman had found the animal,
but no owner, and took it to the
butcher.
Before long, however, the right-
ful owner and the police mutually
found each other, and Johnson
claimed all pork chop rights. The
pig was returned to him, skinned
but with insides intact. Johnson
bravely finished the cleaning.
And the moral of the story is:
never wash behind your ears.

DUNGAREED DANGER:
Watermelon Munchers
Cause Traffic Accident

TOMORROW MAY BE PIECEFUL:
Another Stunter To Barrel Over Niagara Falls

Many a harassed motorist would
have burst a blood vessel as well as
smashed a bumper late Friday
night on Maynard St. between
Williams and E. Liberty.
A .1.15 n mfm.r i' iac

skidded to a stop inches from
the watermelon picnickers.
The irate driver got out and
talked to the girls, who thought
the whole thing was no more than
amusing. Then he drove off and

By DAVE WEAVER
Special to The Daily
NIAGARA FALLS, N.Y.-It's a
1 nr-,ra -t- -na w that Mai o

be willing to do it again but would
have to have a much larger rub-
ber ball a second time in order
to bound off the huge rocks at

It is actually a double barrel, with
an inner cylinder suspended in-
side the outer barrel and about
a three-inch clearance between.

a lure to daredevils, but only two
persons besides Lussier have ever
gone over the falls and lived.
Anna Edson Taylor 4nade the

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