THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, JULY 13, 1950
HOMAS L. STOKES:
W ASHINGTON-Mere words often take on
meaning far beyond their original sense
and become disturbing facts in the minds
of men. Much evil can flow from that-even
It is about time now to look at a couple of
phrases composed of ordinary Anglo-Saxon
words from the standpoint of semantics.
There is first "iron curtain." Winston
Churchill coined it in his Fulton, Mo., speech
five years ago and thus lowered a barrier
figuratively across Eastern Europe. Cartoon-
ists illustrated it for us so we could see it.
All of us on this side of it became righteous
folks and all on the other side became un-
That was the first division of one world
into two worlds-by semantics. We long
have accepted the phrase and it has be-
come an ominous fact. It has affected our
behavior in ways of which we are not
Then along came another-"cold war."
That, too, hp, affected our thinking arid
behavior. It has created a state of mind, a
rather grim one. Unfortunate and unhealthf
Is the constant repetition of the word "war.,,
TF YOU TRAVELED eastward across Eur-
ope, you would not see an "iron curtain,"
of course. What would you see? You'd see
people working in the fields, trying to raise
something to eat and something over to
sell, and the country and the people would
look about the way they do in Iowa or Ne-
braska, and if you could speak the language
you'd find their daily problems about the
same as those of folks over here.
You'd travel also through cities like Des
Moines and Lincoln or bigger ones like
Pittsburgh and Cleveland, and you'd find
people there going about their jobs, just
as we do here, trying to make a living and
'make ends meet.
In city and on farms, also, you'd find them
worrying about another war-they know
what it's like, too-just as we worry.
'VERY PROPERLY President Truman re-
buked Russia for her "willfull flouting"
of the UN in current walkouts, and at the
same time emphasized the "common sense
attitude" of the UN in the face of this dis-
play, "of proceeding with its business as
usual." Emphasizing that the power of UN
is "that of moral face," he said:
"No nation, member or non-member, at-
tending or non-attending, can avoid ac-
countability before the United Nations for
actions affecting the peace. The aroused
opinion of mankind, when brought to
sharp and immediate focus as it often is
in the United Nations, is not lightly to be
dismissed, even by a nation that has strong
Through making the UN work we can get
rid of our semantic troubles-"iron curtain"
and "cold war."
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
end represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: NANCY BYLAN
ARTS AND SOCIETY. Carl Maas will
speak at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in Architecture
ANTIGONE ANIt THE TYRANT, second
production in the speech department's sum-
mer series, at 8 p.m. today through Saturday
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. The play,
written by Jean Anouilh, is based upon the
ancient Greek tragic legend. See review on
this page tomorrow.
LOUISIANA STORY, by Robert Flaherty,
at 7:30 and 9 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Audi-
torium. This film classic is being shown in
collaboration with the contemporary arts
and society program. Admission is free. See
review on this page tomorrow.
THE SKIPPER SURPRISED HIS WIFE,
starring Joan Leslie and Robert Walker, to-
morrow at the Michigan. -
* * *
STORY OF MOLLY X, with June Havoc
tomorrow and Saturday at the State.
* * '
ANNIE GET YOUR GUN, including a
number of Irving Berlin songs from the
Broadway musical, starring Betty Hutton as
the cowgirl. Saturday at the Michigan.
RECENT OCCURRENCES in regard to the motivation of the Communist Party it-
nation-wide Communist hunt are com- self-i.e., the justification of ignoble means
forting to those who have been appalled by by noble ends. It was such a doctrine
the overt infringement of Constitutional which played havoc among many anti-
rights by self-styled patriots. Decisions of Shit disyers in US y an
Stalinist dissenters in the U.S.S.R. and led
the Supreme Court and the Justice Depart- to the infamous Trotsky trials of 1936-38.
ment are a blunt answer to the careless Un- Of course, not all U.S. courts accepted
American Committee, the malicious Mc- such evidence, but a large number of them
Carthy, and those who, when their vitriolic operated on this principle and welcomed
charges fail to reach the crux of the matter, "any" evidence with open arms.
turn to wire-tapping.
Three months ago, the Supreme Court
upheld the validity of New York laws
which permit wire-tapping, however with
one exception-that it be done under ju-
dicial supervision. This in itself signifies
a tendency to put an expedient check up-
on police power and to preserve a basic
civil right-freedom from irrational
searches and seizures.
Indeed, in the past the nation's highest
tribunal held a narrow viewpoint towards
these rights. In one case, for example, (Olm-
stead vs. U.S., 1928) the Court openly sanc-
tioned wire-tapping and also the admission
of evidence in court secured through such
stealthy means. In the words of the chief
justice: "The common law rule is that the
admissibility of evidence is not affected by
the illegality of the means by which it was
One cannot help but notice the similar-
ity of that statement to the doctrine of
W ASHINGTON - Serious-minded Senator
Estes Kefauver of Tennessee today
opens up a big probe of Florida gambling,
including the third of a million dollars
pumped into the political kitty of Fuller
Warren to elect him governor of Florida.
Warren is a Democrat and so is Kefauver,
but the senator isn't letting that hamper
So far this year more big money
pumped into senatorial primaries
most any other year in history,
Democrats and Republicans.
* * *
WHO ELECTS GOVERNORSi
DOWN IN MIAMI, Senator Kefauver's in-
vestigation, beginning today, goes to the
root of how the 'gambling rackets have be-
come political rackets. I haven't talked to
Kefauver's investigators, but I have made
a study of Florida gambling and here is the
general picture he will find:
Gambling in the lush winter sporting-
land around Florida has been divided
among three gangs:
1-The old Capone mob under William
H. Johnston ofaChicago and Jacksonville
controls the dog races of the entire state.
2-The S. and G. Syndicate, a group of
local businessmen, control. the bookmaking
in Miami and Miami Beach.
3-The New York mob, under Meyer Lan-
sky, an associate of Frankie Costello, oper-
ates in Broward County, north of Miami
In order to preserve the millions in pro-
fits raked in from these areas, the gangs
subsidize the sheriffs of their local count-
ies and even the governor of Florida him-
In fact, when the Chicago gang told the
S. and G. Syndicate to move over and let
them in on part of the Miami bookmaking,
the S. and G. Syndicate immediately ap-
pealed to the man it had helped elect to
office, Dade County Sheriff Jimmy Sulli-
*, * *
DOG-RACER ELECTED GOVERNOR
WHEREUPON, the Chicago gang also fell
back on the man it had helped elect'
to office, Gov. Fuller Warren. Dog-racer
William Johnston, it developed, had con-
tributed the amazing amount of $154,000 to
Warren's primary campaign, despite the fact
that it was against the law at that time
to contribute more than $5,000 per person.
After Warren was elected to office, of course,
he got the law changed.
Another $154,000 was given and loaned
to Warren by Louis E. Wolfson of Jack-
sonville, also in violation of the $5,000
Governor Warren has now found himself
betwixt and between in the war of gamblers,
and the Kefauver crime committee wants
to find out what the gamblers get in return
for their stupendous campaign gifts.
* * *
PENNSYLVANIANS NO PIKERS
MEANWHILE, in another part of the
U.S., other sizable campaign gifts have
been revealed in the good old Republican
state of Pennsylvania. This time gamblers
were not the contributors, but big manu-
Joe Grundy, the famed GOP high-tariff
advocate, contributed $94,000 to the Jay
Cooke-John Kunkel campaign in Pennsyl-
vania to defeat Governor Jim Duff, also
Republican. Mason Owlett put up $52,000;
loaned another 45,000, while his wife gave
$3,000. W. T. Wright also loaned $156,135
Another heartening report is the Justice
Depaitment's behavior in the celebrated
Amerasia case. Less than a month ago, the
Republicans were shouting blatant accusa-
tions and demanding that those involved in
the Amerasia mystery be prosecuted, even
though nearly all the incriminating evi-
dence against the editor of the magazine and
his associates had been procured through
wire-tapping and illegal search. New York
grand jury machinery was set into motion;
but the Justice Department remained silent,
seemingly proposing, "prosecute, if you must,
but make sure your evidence is legal." Since
then, the jury ended its investigation by
deciding that the government's prosecution
of the case had been above reproach.
* * r
IN 1945 one Frank Blieaski, through means
of wire-tapping and unwarranted search
under the auspices of the OSS, succeeded in
obtaining evidence of espionage against the
government by Philip Jaffe, the editor, and
others. The Justice department immediately
rushed to the aid of the suspects and pigeon-
holed the evidence secured by Bielaski. Con-
sequently, the defendants got off with minor
It was obvious that the Justice Depart-
ment was sacrificing pragmatic results for
democratic principles. Besides, the De-
partment knew that any evidence oitained
by such methods would not be admissible
Bielaski himself is a notorious profession-
al wire-tapper. According to Drew Pearson,
who tracedBielaski'sssneaky escapades, he
tapped several phones under the sponsor-
ship of thegovernor of Rhode Island in 1940
and offered the conversations as evidence.
to an investigating grand jury. The grand
jury brusquely rebuffed the wire-tapper with
these memorable words: "We condemn most
emphatically the surreptitious practices, the
unethical methods and highly un-American
actions of Bielaski . . . who would emulate
the vicious Gestapo of Germany and the ab-
horrent GPU (political police) of Russia."
We can only say Bravo to these recent
developments and hope that in the near
future the U.S. Supreme Court will recog-
nize more strongly the words of that
Rhode Island grand jury in 1940.
Indeed, a far-sighted policy appears to
have been adopted, a policy which recognizes
the fact that such practices in the long run
would tend to drive the CP underground, a
situation which would be highly undesirable.
Actually, even Governor Dewey (or shall we
say, Attorney Dewey) can comprehend the
latent danger of an underground CP.
What has recently happened indicates an
inclination on the part of both Court and
Administration to protect the people from
irreasonable and unwarranted search an
IN AN EXACTING PROGRAM the Stanley
Quartet gave eloquent evidence Tuesday
of the mature musical understanding which
goes beyond technical proficiency and inter-
pretive competence. Indeed, no musical
event in Ann Arbor has pleased us so much
since the visit of the Budapest Quartet.
The high point of the evening was the
Beethoven Quartet, Opus 59, No. 1: this
difficult and moving music was played
with such sympathy, warmth, and know-
ledge that one overlooked Mr. Ross's wiry
tone and Mr. Raab's reticience to assert
his second fiddle. Particularly well-played
were the scherzo and adagio of the Bee-
thoven: the scherzo appropriately rough
and sharp; the adagio with deep feeling,
although somewhat sentimentalized. Less
well played was the Mozart Quartet K-V
575. Here the first violin dominated be-
yond the requirements of the music -
even in those passages when another in-
strument carried the principle part and
the first violin played accompanying fig-
ures. The quartet itself is an amazing
composition, especially the finale with its
brilliant concertante opening and its ef-
fortlessly contrived contrapuntal effects.
Mr. Finney's Quartet in A Minor pleased
us as little the second time we heard it as
it did the first. This music is conceived in
the shriek-and-thud school of modern quar-
tet writing : a nervous rhythmic drive, and
a lot of insistent fiddle beating culminating
in unison climaxes. There is violence with-
out heat; dissonance and clash without real
conflict. Derived from Schoenbergand Bar-
tok, this music lacks the fierce intellectual-
ity of the former and the genuine barbarism
of the latter. From Schoenberg there are
the wide-spaced distortions of romantic
melody; from Bartok the primitive (but so
academic) rhythmic effects. There is also
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Summer Session, Room 3510 Admin-
istration Building, by 3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (11:00
THURSDAY, JULY 13, 1950
VOL. LX, No. 11-S
Graduate Students expecting to
receive the master's degree in Au-
gust, 1950, must file a diploma ap-
plication with the Recorder of the
Graduate School by Friday, July
14. A student will not be recom-
mended for a degree unless he has
filed formal application in the
office of the Graduate School.
The S. S. Kresge Company will
be interviewing students interest-
ed in their management training
program at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments on Tuesday, July 18th.
Application blanks and booklets
may be attained at the Bureau.
Please call at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration
Building, to make appointments.
Veterans who are now enrolled
under the G.I. Bill, or who have
been enrolled under the Bill, are
reminded to make application for
a supplemental Certificate of Eli-
gibility for their next registration
if: (1) any change of training in-
stitution is planned; (2) any
change of course is planned, al-
though, the veteran remains in
this University; (3) any degree is
received at the end of Summer
Session. Application for a supple-
mental Certificate of Eligibility is
made through the Veterans Service
Bureau, 555 Administration Build-
Regents' Meeting: S a t u rday,
August 19, at 10 a.m. Communica-
tions for consideration at this
meeting must be in the President's
hands not later than August 10.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary
"Law School Admission Test:
Application blanks for the August
12, 1950 Law School Admission
Test are now available at Room
110 Rackham Building. Applica-
tion blanks are due in Princeton,
N. J. not later than August 2,
Michigan Sailing Club: There
will not be a meeting this week.
Races will start at 2 o'clock Sun-
Jay. All those desiring to race in
Wisconsin Regatta should compete.
Lecture. "Individual Behavior
and Classroom Learning." W. Ro-
bert Dixon, Assistant Professor of
Education and Co-ordinator of
Directed Teaching in Secondary
Education. 3:00 p.m., Auditorium,
University High School.
Public Policy and Atomic Ener-
gy. Lecture, "The Industrial Uses
of Atomic Energy." Burke Fry,
New York Office, United States
Atomic Energy Commission. 3:00-
5:00 p.m., East Conference Room,
Contemporary Arts and Society
Program. Panel Discussion, "In-
terrelation of the Arts." Partici-
pants: Professor Henry Aiken
(Harvard University), John Ciardi
(Harvard University), Ross Finney
(University of Michigan), Edward
W. Rannells (University of Ken-
tucky), and Charles Stevenson
(University of Michigan) ; and
Carl Maas (Design Consultant,
Standard Oil Company of New
Jersey). 4:15 p.m., Rackham Lec-
Symposium on Physiology and
Chemistry of the Cell. Lecture,
"Metabolism of Acetates." M. D.
Kamen, Associate Professor of
Chemistry, Washington University.
4:15 p.m., Rackham Lecture Hall.
Linguistic Institute. "The Aims
of the Survey of the German Spok-
en in Wisconsin." Professor Lester
Seifert, University of Wisconsin.
7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphitheater.
Doctoral Examination for Eve-
lyn Pease Tyner, Biological Chem-
istry; thesis: "The Antilipotropic
Activity of Cystine," Friday, July
14, 317 West Medical Bldg., at 1:30
p.m. Chairman, H. B. Lewis.
Doctoral Examination for Ver-
non S. Sprague, Education; thesis:
"Performances C o n t r a s t e d to
Measures as Precise Estimators of
Strength in Physical Develop-
ment", Friday, July 14, West Al-
cove, Assembly Hall, Rackham
Bldg., at 10:00 a.m. Chairman, B.
Student Recital: Colette Jab-
lonski, pupil of Joseph Brinkman,
will be heard in a piano recital at
8:30 p.m. Thursday July 13, in
the Rackham Assembly Hall. Pre-
sented in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the Master
of Music degree, it will include
compositions by Ravel, Hinde-
mith and Chopin, and will be open
to the public.
Carillon Recital: 7:15 p.m.
Thursday July 13, by Percival
Price, University Carillonneur. Se-
lections from Grieg's Peer Gynt
Suite I, five German folk songs,
four Latin-American airs, and
Strauss' Blue Danube Waltzes.
General Library, main lobby
cases. Contemporary literature
and art (June 26-July 26)
Rackham Galleries: "Contem-
porary Visual Arts" and "Ameri-
can Painting Since the War,"
Museum of Archaeology. From
Tombs and Towns of Ancient
Museums Building. Rotunda
exhibit, American Indian stimu-
lants. Exhibition halls, "Trees
Past and Present." Fridays, 7:00-
Law Library. History of Law
School (basement); classics for
collectors (reading room).
Michigan Historical Collections.
160 Rackham Building. Tourists
in Michigan, yesterday and today.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memor-
Korea & U. S. Economy
By STERLING F. GREEN
WASHINGTON-()-The shooting war in Korea, as it draws closer
to American farms and factories, finds them better able than
ever before to feed, arm and fuel a fighting machine.
Relying on its ability to turn the peacetime boom into war
strength in a hurry, if necessary, the government for the moment
is riding this unspoken policy:
To save Korea's freedom, if possible, without using the wartime
controls which would deprive American housewives, workers and
businessmen of some of their own freedom.
* * * *
OFFICIALS VOW they have no present intention to order "freezes,"
rationing, price ceilings, or plant conversions. So far, they report,
there has been no wave of speculation or panic-buying which would
make controls necessary.
But many admit that inflation again is a looming hazard.
That manpower could become a scarce commodity. That some
basic industries are hard put, right now, to take care of booming
In many a government office you will be told privately that, if
the Korean fighting becomes prolonged and costly, some home-front
"mobilization" is inevitable. Obviously, it will be if the conflict flares
into full-scale war with mightier enemies.
* * * *
ON THE MANPOWER FRONT, President Truman broke the line
recently. He called for recruits, and authorized the drafting of as
many additional men as may be needed to drive the Communist in-
vaders from South Korea.
Under the present law, the limit on "authorized strength"
of the armed forces, set at 2,00'5,882 men, would permit the taking
of not more than 547,482 more.
Some 2,250,000 national guardsmen and reservists are subject
to call from their jobs and farms. Military spokesmen say they
presently plan no compulsory callup of reservists, but will welcome
If military setbacks occur later, or if the warfare spreads
beyond the borders of Korea, Congress could increase the "auth-
Nevertheless, Mr. Truman said last week that the country's
mobilization plans are ready if needed. The planning is always kept
up to date, he told his news conference.
JUST HOW MUCH MORE military buying can the country stand
without adopting controls to prevent bottlenecks, shortages, hoard-
ing and runaway inflation?
Some increase is inevitable. The draft announcement alone,
means paying, feeding, equipping, training and transporting more
men than the budget now provides, and hiring new draft clerks
to induct them.
The administration hopes that the increase will be moderate. It
so, it can be absorbed without undue strain in a national production
which, this month, probably is hitting an all-time peak rate of $270,-
000,000,000 a year.
Industry is vastly better prepared for war than it was when,
war broke out in Europe. Steel capacity is almost one-fourth
larger. Aluminum plants can turn out four times as much.
Electric power output is half again as large.
The business let-down which some economists predicted for
second-half 1950 now is discounted. High economic activity is fore-
seen into 1951; military spending will help keep the boom alive.
* * * *
AS FOR FOOD, American agriculture has so vastly improved its
equipment and technique in ten years that it could, by official esti-
mate, supply a population twice as great as today's 150,000,000. It is
now producing 40 per cent more food and fiber than in prewar years.
Furthermore, the surpluses of cotton, corn, wheat, butter and
other products which now embarrass the Agriculture Department
would become a military asset.
IN A NUMBER of important fields, therefore, the impact of all-out
war would be cushioned by the nation's unparalleled growth in
productivity during the past decade.
That's one reason officials feel they can afford to watch and
wait a while before even starting to turn the civilian economy into a
ial Hall: Modern Graphic Art;
Oriental Ceramics; through July
30; weekdays 9-5, Sundays 2-5.
The public is invited.
Clements Library. One Hundred
Michigan Rarities (June 26-July
French Club: Bastille Day will
be celebrated today at 8 p.m. in
the Michigan League. A special
program will be offered. Miss
Grace Hampton will sing. A spec-
ial invitation is extended to all
Community Center, Willow Run
Village: Thursday, July 13, 8 p.m.,
The Seminar in Applied Mathe-
matics will meet Thursday, July
13 at 4 p.m. in Room 247 West
Engineering Bldg. Professor Paul
F. Chenea of the Engineering Me-
chanics Department will speak on
"Numerical Methods in the Solu-
tion of Shells of Revolution."
Deutches Haus 1101 Church St.
will hold open house Thursday,
July 13, 7:30-10 p.m. There will
be games and singing, and re-
freshments will be served. Every-
one is cordially invited.
Seminar to be held in East Con-
ference Room of the Rackham
Building-Thursday, July 13, at
7:30 p.m. Dr. J. W. Linnett of
Queen's College - Oxford. "Force
Constants of Chemical Bonds."
Classical Studies Coffee Hour:
Thursday, July 13, at 4 p.m. in
the West Conference Room of the
R a c k ha m Building. Professor
Clark Hopkins will talk informally
on the early migrations in Greece,
and Italy. Anyone interested in
Classical Studies is invited to at-
The University Museums will
have a program on next Friday
(Continued on Page 3)
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ART. Showcases of the general library.
CONTEMPORARY VISUAL ARTS. In the
AMERICAN PAINTING SINCE THE WAR.
Also in the Rackham Galleries.
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