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July 06, 1950 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1950-07-06

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KOREA: A POLICY
AT LAST
See Page 2

Le

Latest Deadline in the State

il

FAIR., WARMER

-- - - I

VOL. LX, No. 7-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 6, 1950

SIX PA

North
Sen. Thomas A
Faces Run-off s
In Oklahoma
4g Monroney Leads
In Late Returns
OKLAHOMA CITY-(P)-Sen- the
ator Elmer Thomas (D-Okla) Ach
trailed Rep. Mike Monroney for star
reelection yesterday and faced the
first run-off in his political career apa
as he bid for a fifth U.S. Senate per
term. with
Monroney, fifth district con-
gressman for six terms, held a
14,075-vote lead over Thomas mitt
with only 102 of the state's 3,786
precincts unreported. re
* * *
RETURNS FROM 3,684 pre- inr
cincts gave Monroney 201,338 en
votes to 187,243 for Thomas. Pr
Both candidates immediately T
pledged a hard campaign for cons
the July 25 run-off. The sec- tor
ond election is necessary be- vast
cause the other five Democratic ca"I
candidates drew sufficient votes rge1
to keep Monroney away from a senh
clear majority. A
Johnston Murray rolled up the prop
most primary votes in state his- idea
tory in seeking the DemocraticA
nomination for governor. Murray, A(
son of colorful former Gov. Wil- in
liam H. (Alfalfa Bill) Murray, read
faced a run-off but will have a thai
comfortable lead of more than viet
85,000 votes, sectc

Koreans

Break

Through

Defensei

*

4

4

Lcheson Denounces
-1-®
oviet Assertions
Plans Truth Campaign To Oppose
Russian Propaganda Against U.S.
WASHINGTON-()-Russian claims that South Korea started
present fighting were denounced today by Secretary of State
eson as on a par with the Nazi charge that aggression by Poland
ted World War II.
At a news conference, Acheson hit back with the assertion that
rt from the Soviet government leaders nobody in Russia has been
mitted to know that the United Nations has had anything to do
h the Korean crisis.
* * * *
IN TESTIMONY BEFORE a Senate Foreign Relations subcom-
tee, Acheson also said his department has drafted plans for "a
at campaign of truth" to counter Moscow-directed broadsides of
paganda against the U.S.

WITH VOTES counted in 3,-
733 precincts, Murray had 233,-
223 to 147,491 for William 0. Coe,
Oklahoma City attorney, his near-
est foe.
The Rev. Bill Alexander, pastor-
Politician, won the Republican
senate nomination by lapping the
field in a four-man race. With
two-thirds of the precincts re-
porting, Alexander had 30,054
votes to 12,289 for Raymond H.
Fields, Guthrie newspaperman, the
second high.
Labor Korean
Stand Backed
In Commons
LONDON-The Labor Govern-
ment won overwhelming spport
from the House of Commons last
night on its decision to help the
United States throw back the
Communist invasion of South
Korea.
The sentiment of the house was
so solidly behind the government
that it did not even bother to
vote on a government motion ask-
ing for backing of its decision.
* * *
BRITAIN has made her naval
forces in Japanese waters avail-
able to the United States in the
effort to help South Korea repel
the Communist troops from Rus-
sian-recognized North Korea.
The government motion was
meant to show the rest of the
world that, despite minor rum-
blings, members of all parties
in Commons were behind the
move. These include the major
opposition, Winston Churchill's
Conservatives.
The House was thrown into an
uproar briefly when a number of
pamphlets headed "hands off Kor-
ea" were showered upon the legis-'
lators from the public gallery.
The British Press Association
said the pamphlets bore the im-
print of the British Communist
party.
SL Plans for
NSA Confab
Plans for the National Student
Association Congress to be held
here in August were discussed at
the first meeting of the Summer
SL last night.
It was decided that delegates to
the conference would be presented

qua
and
witl
disp
the
nor
co'
So
in
dej
A
rep
to f
son
Stal
mor
hig]
the,
ed.
T
Ger
193
Sov
ean
ean
exp
thr(
the
th
ha
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sol
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of
aft
ac
gre;

The program was drawn up
response to recent orders giv-
the State Department by
esident Truman. The latter
now considering the plan.
[he subcommittee, which is
sidering a resolution by Sena-
Benton (Dem., Conn.) for a
tly expanded "Voice of Ameri-
program, also heard Gen. Geo-
C. Marshall, Gen. Dwight Ei-
hower and John Foster Dulles.
11 strongly endorsed Benton's
posal for a "Marshall Plan of,
s . ' '
CIIESON ALSO asserted that
Berlin the Western Allies are
dy to deal with any situation
t may arise as a result of So-
pressure against thehWestern
ors. Western Berlin had ade-
te power and water, he said,
he predicted a settlement
hn a reasonable time of the,
ute over rates which prompted
East German regime to cut off
mal supplies.
The Secretary at his news
nference also praised the
uth Koreans for the manner
which they have stood up un-
r the Communist invasion.
ithough press dispatches have
orted some troops have failed
ight with determination, Ache-
declared that reports to the
te Department are that the
rale of the population is very
h. There was no defections, no
rrilla activities, no panic ad
y are behaving well, he declar-
* *.*
IE COMPARISON with Nazi
man propaganda claims in
9 was prompted by efforts of
iet leaders to picture the Kor-
crisis as due to South Kor-
"aggression" supported and
loited by the United States
ough the United Nations.
"All the reliable witnesses on
e scene at the time, including
e United Nations Commission,
ve established that the North
orean forces were the aggres-
rs," Acheson said in a terse
rmal statement.
The Security Council of the
ted Nations acted in support
the Republic of Korea only
er it was satisfied that it was
ase of utterly unprovoked ag -
ssion.

U.S. Bishop
Orde red out
Of Romania
LONDON-(P)-Romania an-
nounced yesterday that she has
ordered American bishop Gerald
P. O'Hara, 56, last Vatican diplo-
mat in an Iron Curtain country,
and his twochief aides to leave
in three days.
The Soviet satellite cha:ged that
the nunciature, thewVatican's aip-
lomatic mission, was a center cf
"Anglo-American e s p i o n a g e"
against Romania, Hungary and
Czechoslovakia.
THE ACTION was no surprise to
the Vatican. A Romanian source
at Vatican City said a week ago
that Romanian authorities had
been trying to get rid of the bi-
shop - a native of Scranton, Pa
for months and that the outbreak
in Korea "probably persuaded the
regime to make an end of his
case."
The Romanian news agency,
Agerpress said in the broadcast
the Romanian foreign office
told Bishop O'Hara yesterday
he must quite the country by
tomorrow.
The Romanian foregin office
based its spying charges on the
treason trial of seven persons who
were sentenced only Tuesday
night.'
Wailer of AEC To
Talk HereToday
Fletcher Waller, director of or-
ganization and personnel of the
U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
will lecture on "Administering the
Atomic Energy Program" at 3 p.m.
today in the East Conference
Room of the Rackham Building.
The lecture is being held in con-
junction with the University's spe-
cial proseminar on public policy
and atomic energy.

Holid, c
Fatality Toll
Highest in
U.S. History
War Conpared
As 'School Picnic'
By The Associated Press
The long, slam-bang Fourth ofk
July celebration was the bloodiestr
holiday period in the nation's
peacetime history.
It brought sudden and violent
death to at least 793 persons-on?
the highways, in homes, or at
beaches, swimming pools, picnic
grounds and other recreational
spots.
* * *
THE PRESIDENT of the Na-
tional Safety Council, Ned H.
Dearborn, said it makes America's
part in the Korean War during the
same period "look like a Sundaj
school picnic."-
The previous high holiday ac- L
cident fatality record of 761 was-
set during the three-day Christ-
mas week end in 1936. That
weekend however, still holds the
record for an average daily holi-
day~ toll.
An Associated Press survey of
violent deaths directly or indir-
ectly attributable to the four day
holiday celebration showed: tr
* * *v
TRAFFIC ACIDENTS killed 491, de
a new post war high and exceeded cI
only by the 555 traffic deaths dur- C
ing the 1936 Christmas seasor ,,-
Drownings took 179 lives. a]
Fireworks killed only one-a ci
55 year old South Dakota farm-
er in charge of igniting a public
display.
Other types of accidents u)
brought death to 122. tr
The deaths occurred between 6 p<

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Deaths

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p.m. local time
day midnight.

Commuists
Force Back
U.S. Troops
Drive Continues
Beyond Suwon
TOKYO -(,P)- North KorE
armor yesterday broke throe
South Korean, defenses south
Suwon as the Far East war
velopments continued to go agar
the defenders.
An American advance elem
was cut off but there were in
cations most of its men had bi
able to pull back to new lines.
* * *

Friday and Tues-1

* * *

INFORMED
the AP survey,
by-state spot
said:

OF the results of
made on a state-
check, Dearborn

a
1

FIRST IN LECTURE SERIES:
Expert To Speak Today
On U.S. Social Security

"There is no rhyme or reason'
to this buicnery and it couldn't
happen if the people once made
up their minds it must not hap-
pen. Years ago fireworks took a
terrific toll every Fourth of July
until public opinion demanded
that it stop. Now traffic is tak-
ing an even more hideous toll
but so far public opinion seems
to say 'nothing can be done
about it'."
He added that such deaths will
come down in a hurry only when
the average American decides he is
"going to stop his part in this
slaughter."
* * *
THE COUNCIL had forecast a
highway death toll of only 385.
The fatalities ran far ahead of
expectations and of comparisons
with other periods. On an ordin-
ary non-holiday week end in early
June, an AP survey showed 455
violent deaths, including 270 traf-
fic. During the independence cele-
bration last year - a three day
period-410 violent deaths were re-
ported.
Point 4 Dealt
Crippling Blow
WASHINGTON-(P)-President
Truman's "Point Four" program
for helping backward areas of the
world was reported yesterday t.
nave been dealt a severe if not
crippling blow by the Senate Ap-
propriations Committee.
According to this rep,)t, the
Committee voted only $10,000,000
for the work.
* * ,*
PRESIDENT TRUMAN, who
proposed the program in his in-
aiugural address last year had
asked for $45,000,000. Congress re.-

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t

FIRST MARINE DIVISION PREPARES-Marines of the First Division drill to the blaring of a t
band in California. They are under secret emergency orders, but do not know for sure their des-
tination. Speculation has them preparing for battle in Korea. They will probably be brought to
Japan by ship and flown to Korea.,
ILIENTHAL CHANGES MIND: U.S. Planes
Atomic Energy SwitchBomb, Strafe
To Private Firms AskedNotKre
O Twae TMSS eforth Korea
NEW YORK-()P)-Immediate for the planes which carry the TOKYOt-)-Americanland-
ansfer of atomic energy to pri- bombs. based planes yesterday inflicted
ate industry was proposed to- * * * "heavy damage" at the North
ay by David E. Lilienthal, former HE SAID that almost to a man Korean capital of Pyongyang, its
hairman of the Atomic Energy scores of industrial leaders be- port of Chinnampo, and at Haeju
ommission. lieve atomic energy cannot be ful- just above the 38th parallel on the1
His proposal was made in an ly developed under present gov- supply route to the South.1
rticle in Collier's. He said he has emient dominated conditions. Ad
hanged his mind. He would make four immediate A MacArthur headquarters con-
* * changes in the McMahon act, the munique at midnight announced
"I WAS among those," he said, atomic energy law. t * * *
who, back in 1945 and 1946, were * * *t
nable to see any alternative to FIRST, WRITE into the law NORTHERN targets were still
he course of government mono- a statement that the industrial rocking from two daA bing
oly. On the basis of experience atom' be developed by American and strafing from American and
re did not have in 1946, and in cmeiin British carrier planes. It was their
ed o h n , as ecompetition. first attack in the Korean war.
ew of such new facts as the Second, a reasonable hance
ussian bomb, I am convinced to profit from atomic enter- The Air Force bombers made
hat our monopoly course is no prises, and completely, revise 16 sorties just below the North-
rgerijustified and shi ould be the present patent restrictions. South border at railway tracks
rastically changed." by which all atomic patents go northwest of Munan. Good re-
The biggest gold brick in his- to the government, sults were reported.
tory, he said, is the notion that Third, kill the provision of law
the United States has a se- which places a political veto over Fighters made 158 sorties, re-
cret formula. scientific and industrial advance. porting a 12-car train set on fire,
Liienthal said military secrecy Fourth, consider how o give al-otive damaged, and tracks
bout atomic weapons should lowances to private in dstry - uen and bridges rocketed and strafed,
ontinue, but that this secrecy it risks millions on an atomic en- the communique said.
hould be no different than that terprise. H T d
_________________________________________________ WHILE IT reported the North-
erners were still getting troops and
material across the Han River, in-
dicating "preparation for further
aggressive action," it said the U.S.
Army "continued to move supplies
and munitions and personnel by
LAKE SUCCESS - A proposal permitting appointment of Gen. air and sea from Japan to Korea."
)ouglas MacArthur as commander of United Nations forces fighting The first carrier planes in the
ommunist North Korea was reported last night being completed for Korean war came from the U.S.
ecurity Council action tomorrow. carrier Valley Forge and the
* * British carrier, H.M.S. Triumph.
WASHINGTON - Seven American airlines will help ferry Monday and Tuesday they hurl-
U.S. fighting men and supplies to the Far Pacific war zone, the ed fierce attacks at Pyongyang
Department of Defense announced yesterday. and heavily damaged its airfield,
reported to be the base for most of
BOSTON - Admiral Louis E. Denfeld, ousted chief of naval the North's air operations.
perations, last night announced his candidacy for the Republican * * *
iomination for Governor of Massachusetts. THEY BOMBED and machine-
gunned a river bridge nearby, then
WASHINGTON - Secretary of the Treasury Snyder advised struck at Sariwon, 40 miles south
Congress yesterday to proceed now with a multi-million-dollar of Pyongyang. Jet fighters de-
slash in excise imposts. But he served notice that higher - not stroyed 12 locomotives, damaged
lower - taxes may be asked in the future, if costs of the fight on one and left a tank car flaming.
Communist aggression mount. Pilots said one of two rail bridges
they hit was seen to collapse.
LONDON - Sir Stafford Cripps announced yesterday the sterling Direct hits were made on the
area's gold and dollar reserves have jumped $438,000,000 in the last Taedong river bridge and its ap-
hree months to $2,422,000,000. proaches.

ASSOCIATED PRESS corre
pondent Tom Lambert, at oz
time feared captured by tl
North Koreans, got out of t7
battle zone and reported fro
Taejon that 40 Russian-ma
North Korean tanks overran t
American outpost, forcing f
American withdrawal and leavi
behind an unknown number
wounded. Larbert quoted reliab
sources that the Americans hf
knocked out seven tanks but t
Communists were continuing t
drive southward. Communist i
fantry followed the Commun
tanks.
The Americans suffered cas
ualties in the battle that pre
ceded the !break-through bu
Lambert said they were believe
moderate.
Lambert also reported that t:
positions to which the Ame
cans withdrew are now believ,
threatened by the fast-movi
Northerners.

Arthur J. Altmeyer, commission-
er of social security for the Feder-
al Security- Agency will speak on
"The American Approach to So-
cial Security" at 4:15 p.m. today
in Rackham Amphitheatre.
His lecture will be the first pub-
lic talk of the summer symposium
k * *

* * *
LAMBERT SAID that at one
time during the break-through
American artillerymen threw open
their gun sights and fired point
blank at the Communist tanks,
sighting down the gunbarrels, so
close was the fighting. They later
immobilized their guns and with-
drew when Northern armor over-
ran the positions.
The fighting preceding the
break-through began at 8 a.m.
yesterday and the GI infantry-
men began running low on am-
munition at 3 p.m. at that time
survivors were ordered to evacu-
ate. Some Americans had to
evacuate through a town in
which three parked Communist
tanks kept them under fire.
Others pulled back through a.
less hazardous route.
Meanwhile at advance Ameri-
can headquarters in South Korea
it. was officially announced that
the situation was "a little better
this morning than it was last
night (south of Suwon) because
American reinforcements are be-
ing pushed forward. The move-
ment continued all night long."

on "The Quest for Social Security."
ALTMEYER IS more experienc-
ed with the Social Security pro-
gram in the United States than
any other individual, according to
Prof. William Haber of the eco-
nomics department, director of the
summer lecture series.
Research for the President's
Committee on Economic Secur-
ity in 1934 was conducted by
Altmeyer. T h i s Committee's
work led to enactment of the
Social Security Act in '35.
The visiting lecturer has been
commissioner of the program ever
since that time.
Altmeyer has also served as
United States Representative on

THE SAME spokesman said
South Korean troops had offered
only slight resistance to the in-
vaders south of Suwon but had
done better on the front near
Wongju. Lambert reported that
the South Koreans broke and
rushed down from the hills, head-
ing south away from the front,
during the break-through fight.
Lambert said they broke be-
fore an attack by an estimated
40,000 invaders who drove south
despite rain and the fire of
American artillery.
The formalhannouncement of
the fall of Inchon, Seoul port, fin-
ally was made at advance Ameri-
can headquarters. Naval facili-
ties were withdrawn first.
* * *
COMMANDING General Wil-
liam F. Dean made a tour of the
battle sector this morning.
Advance headquarters specu-
lated that North Koreans might
bring 40 to 50 more tanks into
the fighting zone but might ex-
perience difficulty supplying
them with gas and ammunition.
Northern supply lines, while
they would not seem troublesome-
ly long yet, may prove extended
because of the rough terrain and
high rivers due to recent rains.
* * *
GENERAL MacAthur's com-
munique announced that the Nor-
therners also were attacking on
the East end of the front in a

- - --

CIARDI HITS STUFFINESS:

Tavern, Not Class, Place for Poetry

A local tavern in mid-afternoon 1
is the only proper setting for the
teaching of poetry, poet-Prof.
John Ciardi of Harvard Univer-
sity English department, declared I
in a Daily interview yesterday. I

is the significance of poetry," he
added.
* * *
TO MAKE THINGS stuffier,
universities place too much em-
phasis on the historical approach
tonoewtrv. Ciard1i admnshed.

al sense of a mouse running up
and down a clock."
Of course, Prof. Ciardi admit-
ted, as the child grows older
and more emotionally mature,
a poem can arouse more areas

............
N W RkMIN 11 WE - WRIM,

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