THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAT, -nU K-D9;-35
BIG-TIME bookmakers in New York, and
the rest of the country, for that matter,
had better watch their step. For New York
District Attorney Frank S. Hogan, with the
conviction of Frank Erickson under his belt,
is out to nab other notorious bookmakers.
To prove to the public that he is in
earnest, Hogan has revealed that his of-
fice has come up with a new method which
will be of great aid in striving to eliminate,
or at least curtail, the activities of book-
makers. This new technique consists of
the use of testimony by bettors and bookie
employes, and cancelled vouchers. It was
due to the presentation of this type of in-
formation to a grand jury that Erickson
All this sounds very encouraging, of
course. If a few more cities with hard-work-
ing prosecuters such as Hogan were to fol-
low his example, one might be led to believe
that it would not be long before the country
would rid itself of a part of the biggest rack-
et in history. That is, at first glance it tp -
pears that way.
But actually, if the sentence of two years
and a fine of $30,000 is any indication of
what the ballyhooed Senate investigation of
national gambling will be like, there is little
reason for Hogan to swell with pride over
his accomplishment. For the sentence met-
ed out to Erickson is small indeed, con-
sidering his rank in the underworld. By
minding his p's and 4's while he is on "vaca-
tion," Erickson could be released in 16
months, for good behavior. The maximum
prison sentence Erickson could have receiv-
ed is 60 years.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR : PAULMARX
Very likely the smaller operators, in co:-
sidering the punishment of a man who Ho-
gan told the court "is the biggest and r:ost
notorious bookmaker in the United States"
will, instead of becoming frightened, become
ven before Erickson pleaded guilty to each
of 60 counts, it was predicted that he would
do just that, for if he did not, it would mean
involving countless numbers of other rac-
keteers, and the respectable business-men
who had done their betting through Erick-
son. This would have been highly embarras-
sing, to say the least. So Erickson, with a
shrug of the shoulders and a straight face
- which does not seem like the kind of
reaction a man facing a possible 60 years
in jail would make - confessed, and awaited
the worst. In this case, though, the worst
was none too bad, considering all who were
Just how the rest of the investigation
of gambling in, this country will turn out
remains to be seen. But if it follows the
pattern set by the Erickson case, the re-
sult will be ludicrous. It will not take long
for the people to realize once and for all
that gambling is here to stay, and they
will continue, as they have in the past,
to do little and care less about what the
law says it will do to an industry that
yearly robs the peole themselves of mil-
lions of dollars.
If gambling is the racket that the records
say it is, and the special committee appoint-
ed by the Senate to investigate the matter
lends even more authenticity to the records,
then let us doaway with it. However, if the
people themselves do not want gambling
crushed, or the government is afraid to take
action severe enough to amount to anything
because of political pressures, then Congress
could spend its time more profitably in other
MSC News' Editorial
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following editorial is
quoted from the student newspaper at Michi-
gan State College. When published there it
brought vigorous protests from the American
Legion. It also led the College authorities to
suspend the MSC News for the summer. The
editorial isreprinted here solely in order to
contribute to our readers' understanding of
AN interesting experiment has been going
on under the guise of American educa-
tion for the past week; an experiment shot
with narrow principles, bald-face fascism,
and militaristic ideas.
This experiment has been taking place
under our very noses in Quonset Village.
The experiment has been called "Wolverine
Boys' State, Inc." The Boys' State is an an-
nual affair sponsored by the American Le-
gion. About 1,000 boys have come to MSC
for each of the past 13 years to learn Amer-
ican government by setting up a mock state.
Now, obviously much good can come out
of a clearly beneficial idea. But what has
happened in Quonset Village during the
past week has not been beneficial to
America, or to the world.
This past week, the 1,000 Michigan youths
enrolled in Boys' State have had many seeds
dropped into their minds. There has been
much marching to and from assemblies.
Full army trappings prevailed, starting with
reveille in the morning, continuing with re-
treat in the afternoon and closing with
taps at night. The boys have been required
to attend nearly all formations including
church services, with gigs and work details
being spread liberally when a gold brick
has been found.
But the payoff came Monday evening
when a mock trial was set up to teach the
boys all about famous American methods
of "free trial." The whole trial was rigged
around a defendant accused of having per-
jured himself while under oath. This crime
of perjury was legitimate enough; but the
man supposedly has committed perjury by
answering "no" to the question "Are you
now or have you ever been a Communist?"
The word Communist mentioned several
times at the mock trial generally brought
boos and hisses from the youthful Michi-
ganders. When the defendant himself took
the stand there were many boos and cat
calls. It was quite obvious; the American
Legion was again blandly passing out their
"American" bill of goods which constantly
reads as follows: "Preserve Americanism.
Preserve militarism. Stamp out Communism
because it threatens Americanism. Stamp
it out by any means available - fast, slow,
fair, foul - but stamp it out."
The American Legion has been passing
out this line for a long time now and it has
gotten just a little sickening. But not, ap-
parently, to the impressionable youth of
Michigan. They seemed to have swallowed
it whole, as they did at this trial, and the
end result is that the word "Communist"
can now bring a mass reaction behind which
there is little or no thought.
Communism itself may be good or bad;
that isn't the point. The point is that
there is now little room left in this coun-
try for the other point of view. And the
fact that the jury became hung in the
case decided above does not add to the
Legion's point of view. Actually, both the
prosecution and the defense in the trial
were arguing against Communism, and
the jury became hung only because they
couldn't decide which side was arguing
To the American Legion we say this: if
Communism is your special target, then face
it - but not with cat calls, hisses, and
closed eyes. Give it open thinking and show
some guts by nothiding behind the mass re-
action of the crowd. And keep Boys' State.
In itself it is a good idea. It justs needs fu-
THOMAS L. STOKES:
WASHINGTON-The conflict within the
Republican Party over McCarthyism and
its emphasis in the Congressional election
campaign has become intensified with de-
velopments of the last few days.
The party's national chairman, Guy
George Gabrielson, evidently plans to ex-
ploit it to the limit, judging from state-
ments at Atlantic City preliminary to the
weekend regional conference of Republi-
can leaders from the Eastern seaboard.
Taking in a lot of territory, and taking a
lot for granted, he saw the American peo-
ple as generally endorsing the "objectives"
of Senator McCarthy in his Communists-
in-government campaign and, as for meth
ods, the party chairman did not seem to
think they mattered very much.
This, it is presumed, is by way of reply to
other leaders in the party, elected officials,
who recently have publicly deplored the Mc-
Carthy wholesale indictment methods which
have injured innocent persons, though they
are as much against Communists in gov-
ernment as is Mr. Gabrielson. This counter
movement in the party against the Wiscon-
sin Senator began with a group of his Sen-
ate Republican colleagues who joined in the
"Declaration of Conscience" sponsored by
Mrs. Margaret Chase Smith, Senator from
Maine, and was carried forward by hree
prominent Republican governors who con-
demned the McCarthy tactics in press inter-
views at the annual governors conference at
White Sulpher Springs, W. Va.,-Governors
James H. Duff of Pennsylvania; Alfred E.
Driscoll of New Jersey, and Earl Warren of
* * *
AS THE SENATORS and governors stress-
ed so correctly, methods in this instance
are of fundamental importance in preser-
vation of our American traditions. For that
reason, some of the observations made by the
party chairman at Atlantic City are some-
what surprising-for example:
"I don't think that the average person
is close enough to knowor care about the
Perhaps the average person is not "close
enough," but that assumption of not know-
ing or caring is an indictment of the Ameri-
can people in its casual and crass way that
most of us will refuse to accept. Mr. Gabriel-
son surely spoke without a proper recogni-
tion of his responsibility as a party official.
T WOULD BE bad enough if the people
didn't know, for an informed electorate is
the very essence of democracy. If they didn't.
care, then we would, indeed, be unfortunate,
for that would intimate that our people have
lost an instinct that has made us a :great,
free nation and, furthermore, were dupes
who could be bamboozled by any passing
That, of course, isn't true, and evidence
of that came from the three Republican
governors who not only are leaders of a
great cross-section of our people, but re-
presentative of them. Two of them have
just won overwhelming primary triumphs
-Governors Duff and Warren-and are
facing the voters again in November. In
his re-election last year, Governor Driscoll
marked up the only important Republican
victory in 1949 off-year local elections.
The McCarthyism issue sets off this group
and the senators of the "Declaration of Con-
science"-broadly from the East, New Eng-
land and the Pacific coast-from the ele-
ment of the party which is backing Senator
McCarthy and largely concentrated in the
Middle West and well entrenched in the
party's leadership in Congress. This latter
element looks to Senator Taft of Ohio for
leadership, and Mr. Gabrielson is aligned
* * *
AS FOR Senator McCarthy's "objectives,"
of which the chairman speaks, there are
those around here who have followed this
episode closely who have their questions
about that, knowing how he stumbled into
his campaign. Having some speaking engage.
ments, he was advised that Communism was
a good subject, was provided with some in-
formation that long ago had been combed
over by Congressional committees, made
some very reckless charges about Commun-
ists in the State Department-the number
varying from city to city-and, when the
State Department called him to account,
started to flailing wildly and so became a
national issue, much to his surprise. He has
not yet turned up a single Communist in the
Elections have been won occasionally on
such issues. The price now might be high.
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
elections on May 30, and on that date his
Possibly the prospect of a new, strong
government which would clean up internal
Communism was another reason for the
Communist attack on South Korea at this
* * *
T HE CONVENTION of senate wives is
sometimes more revealing than the
speeches of their husbands. Mrs. Eugene
Millikin, wife of the witty and conservative
Colorado Republican, recently confided: "I
would prefer that Gene not come back this
/eQte/ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, andgletters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
To the Editor:
PRESIDENT TRUMAN has com-
mitted United States military
forces to direct and immediate in-
tervention on behalf of the gov-
ernment of South Korea and in
defense of Nationalistic Formosa.
A Russian boycotted UN Security
Council has commanded that the
Korean war cease at once. The
people of the world are listening
to their radios with the fear that
the news they hear is of the be-
ginning of World War III.
Not one fact has been produced
to substantiate the underlying as-
sumption of the crisis that inva-
sion of Southern Korea is an act
of "Soviet" aggression. The prop-
aganda which is being dished out
by our government attempts to
completely ignore thefact that,
like the Chinese war, the Korean
war is a "civil" war - it is a
(revolution. As such neither the
UN nor the US has any justifica-
tion for military intervention un-
til it can be proven that Soviet
military forces are directly aiding
the Northern Korean forces.
Truman's order for military in-
tervention is not a new policy in
the Cold War, e.g. China and
Greece. But until now it was in-
direct, it did not involve active
fighting on the part of U.S. per-
sonnel. Our present policy finds
its best parallel in our sorry inter-
vention in the Russian Civil War.
Contradictions abound in any
justification of Truman's action
from the standpoint that we are
defending the interests of the
"free" world. Why did we not
similarly move against the Dutch
war on the Indonesians, or the
present French war against Viet
Nam? Quite to the contrary in
both these wars Marshall Plan ma-
terials have been used to suppress
the freedom of colonial peoples.
If then Truman is not particu-
larly interested in protecting other
people's freedom he must have in
mind purely American interests.
But what are these interests? I
suggest that the only American
interests which find it consistent
to support fascism in Greece, co-
lonialism in Indonesia, and to op-
pose the unification of Korea are
not the interests of the freedom
of the American people, but the
interests of the imperialism of the
big American capitalists.
If our army and navy intervenes
in Korea the USSR will be justi-
fied in using her armed forces in
the interest of the Korean revolu-
tion. That would of course mean
the beginning of World War III.
Are we, the American people, to
depend upon the good will of the
Soviets to prevent this conflagra-
tion or are we going to take steps
to make our government act in
our interests rather than those of
'" . . " O s rpww asvV~'
"We Now iave New And Important Evidence"
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Reaction to Korea Crisis
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
THE REACTION of the non-Communist world to American inter-
vention in Korea is that the United States has stood up to be
counted among the men, and that other and less strong men may
now face forward confidently under her wing.
The only word from the Communist bloc, aside from its
technical arguments about legality and its expected effort to clas-
sify the U.S. action as imperialism, indicates that Russia is react-
ing cautiously. It strengthens the belief that the prompt U.S.
action tends to diminish, rather than increase, the chances of
World War III.
Pravda's initial editorial on the subject contains much of the
usual line, and asks whether the U.S. may have gone too far, but is
noticeably free of any threatening tone. It makes much of a conten
tion that the U.S. is acting without UN authorization. It either was
written before Tuesday night's resolution was passed, or chooses to
ignore any Security Council action taken without Russian partici-
At any rate, first reaction in Washington was that President
Truman's decision was actually accomplishing its purpose of
"cooling" any Russian intention for further outbreaks this summer.
There has been much speculation that Indo-China and Yugoslavia
might also have been on the Russian list for action.
* * * *
ALL: DEVELOPMENTS such as those of the last few days produce
a series of disjointed but not unrelated impressions among ob-
servers. Here are some of mine:
That the United States has been very adroit in its approach
through the United Nations, and that the UN itself has taken an
historic step toward accomplishing the functions for which it was
That President Truman, willing to reverse himself to meet
changing situations in such matters as the defense of Formosa,
stands a great deal taller.
That the similarity of the Korean and German situations is too
close to escape notice, and that American failure to leave an army
behind its evucaating occupation forces in South Korea contains a
lesson for the future-perhaps even for the present-in a Germany
wherethe Russians are doing in their zone just what they did in their
zone of Korea.
That Russia's "peace-loving" propaganda looks pretty green
around the gills as the first armed aggression of the postwar period
comes from within the highly-touted "peace bloc." And that it will
be interesting to see how many signatures the Communists get now
on the "peace offensive" resolution they are now circulating here.
That it was smart of the U.S. to ask Russia's aid in stopping
the new war, rather than to waste breath accusing her of starting
it. -That Russia is on the spot inside her sphere if she accedes
while the Communists are still advancing, and in the eyes of the
rest of the world if she does not.
That lack of American firmness heretofore was threatening thy-
entire democratic position in the Orient, and now things are improved,
although a little more enthusiasm from India would be welcome.
That Russia is among the United Nations members who have
been called upon to go to South Korea's assistance, and that she
will "cooperate"' in her usual fashion with the organization which
she thinks would be so wonderful if it would just do as she says
all the time.
The list of impressions could go on indefinitely. But one is out-
standing: that the world-wide line of Communist containment which
President Truman first drew along the northern borders of Greece
and Turkey now in truth extends completely around the world, that
if Russia has been probing around to find out whether she can go
any farther with her postwar expansion without meeting American
armed resistance, she has found her answer. It is Nyet."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WITH DREW PEARSON
:ASHINGTON.-Though the State De-
partment ..has been getting all the
brickbats re past Far Eastern Failures, the
inside story of what happened in Korea
makes the diplomats look a lot better than
the U.S. military.
Though Secretary of Defense Johnson
and General Bradley were in Tokyo just
a few days before the Korean attack,
they received no word from General Mac-
Arthur that there was any danger.
In fact, MacArthur seemed completely ob-
sessed with trouble in Japan and the idea
of keeping Formosa. For the latter island
MacArthur seems to have a sentimental at-
tachment, perhaps because it was the Jap
jumping-off spot for the Philippine invasion.
Not only is Korea only about 30 miles
from Japan and completely in MacArthur's
military jurisdiction, but millions of dollars
are spent annually for counterespionage to
see what the prospective enemy is doing.
It is exactly for the purpose of preventing
surprises such as that which has now oc-
curred in Korea that the U.S. Army and
Central Intelligence have been allotted huge
(Continued from Page 3)
These pictures are now on exhibit
in the North and South Galleries,
Museum of Art. Students may se-
lect and sign for their prints Mon-
day through Wednesday, June 26-
28, at the North Gallery of the
Museum. The assigned prints will
be distributed to the students on
Friday, June 30. Students are re-
minded to bring current Univer-
sity identification and the rental
fee of 35 cents with them when
signing for a picture.
Sports Instruction. Instruction
in the following activities is be-
ing offered to both men and
women students: Square Dance,
Modern Dance, Riding, Tennis.
Classes for women only are of-
fered in Golf, Swimming, Posture,
Figure and Carriage. Register at
Barbour Gymnasium, Office 15,
Recreational Swimming, Women
Students: There will be recrea-
tional swimming at the Union
Pool every Tuesday and Thurs-
day evening at 8:15 p.m.
Student Organizations planning
to be active during the summer
session must register in the Of-
fice of Student Affairs not later
than July 7. Forms for regis-
tration are available in the Of-
fice of Student Affairs, Room
1020 Administration Building.
Eligibility. Officers of student
organizations and staff members
got a shipment of heavy artillery, capable
of stopping Soviet tanks.
This artillery was actually on the high
seas and due in Korea this week-when sud-
denly Moscow attacked.
* * *
STUBBORN RHEE A PHOBLEM
One of the U.S.A.'s problems in bolstering
Korea was a likable, well.meaning stubborn
Korean who long lived in exile in Washing-
ton, 80-year-old President Syngman Rhee.
Rhee came to the United States as a student,
studied under Woodrow Wilson when he was
a professor at Princeton, was so close to
Wilson that he attended his wedding.
Later, as the Jap war lords tightened their
grip on Korea, Rhee found it unwise to go
home, and set up a government-in-exile in
Washingtono. At one time Cordell Hull inter-
vened on his behalf when Rhee wanted to
marry an Austrian woman but could not get
a passport visa. Learning of this, Secretary
Hull told his passport officials to expedite
the visa, thus Rhee got married.
After V-J Day Syngman Rhee seemed
a natural to become president of Korea,
of student publications should se-
cure immediately a Certificate of
Eligibility. Certificates will be is-
sued to qualified students in Room
1020 Administration Building. Ap-
plicants will be required to show
Women Students: A few vacan-
cies still remain for the extremely
low cost rooming and boarding
or boarding alone in cooperatives.
Contact Nina Kessler, 1102 Oak-
land, 2-4914 (preferably by mail).
University Choir will meet at 4
p.m., Monday through Thursday,
in the Choral Room, 2nd floor
Ann Arbor High School, State
and Huron Streets; open to all
qualified students in University.
Conducted by Henry Veld.
Graduate Student Council meet-
ing, Thurs., June 29, West Lecture,
Rackham Bldg. 7:30 p.m. Dr.
Hootkins will discuss language re-
The Inter-Arts Union invites all
students interested in participat-
ing in a student festival to attend
a meeting tonight, 7:30, Michigan
League. See bulletin board for
Judiciary Council announces the
following closing hours for under-
graduate women in the Summer
Sunday through Thursday, 11:00
Friday and Saturday, 12:30 a.m.
For special permissions, see the
pamphlet, "House Rules and Reg-
ulations," published by the Judici,
ary Council and available at the
League and Dean of Women's Of-
Graduate women need to make
special arrangements with their
residence directors to be out of
their houses after the following
Sunday through Thursday, 12
Friday and Saturday, 12:30 a.m.
Dr. Samuel Hartwell, Michigan
Department of Mental Hygiene
will be our psychiatrist consult-
ant at the case clinic Friday,
June 30 at the Fresh Air Camp;
Institute on Living in the La-
ter Years. Topic: Medical Aspects
of an Aging Population. Sessions
at 9:30 a.m., 2:00 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheater; 7:15 p.m., Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
Linguistic Institute. Typology
of Languages, Professor Paul
Menzerath, University of Bonn
(Germany). 7:30 p.m., Rackham
Institute on the Law and Labor-
Management Relations. Subject:
The Government and Critical Dis-
putes. Sessions at 9:00 a.m., 1:30
p.m., 4:00 p.m., and 8:00 p.m.,
100 Hutchins Hall.
Mathematic Seminars: The
following Seminars in Mathema-
tics will meet luring the Summer
Statistics, Tuesday, 3-5 pm.,
3201 Angell Hall.
Topology, Tuesday, 3 p.m., 3011
Analysis, Wednesday, 3 p.m.,
3201 Angell Hall.
Number Theory, Wednesday, 3
p.m., 3011 Angell Hall.
Algebra, Thursday, 3 p.m., 3201
Elliptic Partial Differential
Equations, Thursday, 3 p.m., 247
Geometry, Thursday, 4 p.m.,
3001 Angell Hall.
Applied Mathematiks, Thurs-
day, 4 p.m., 247 West Engineering.
Carillon Recital by Percival
Price, University Carillonneur, 7:15
Thursday evening, June 29, Baird
Carillon in Burton Memorial Tow-
er. Program: Three harpsichord
pieces by Couperin, Sonata for 47
(Continued on Page 5)
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Philip Dawson......Managing Editor
Marvin Epstein ......... Sports Editor
Pat Brownson.......Women's Editor
Roger Wellington.... Business Manager
Walter Shapero... Assoc. Business Mgr.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matterseherein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
Can you picture our lovely neighborhood
if they put that highway through here-
We'll make our highway
a thing of beauty, Barnaby.
The highway is eleven hundred
miles long- With roses every