THESi CI R=NDAILY
FrMDAY, AUGUST 4; 1950
I ___________________________________________________________________________ I
Franco Loan -- 'Realism
UNDER PRESSURE of the Korean situa-
tion the Senate has yielded to a long-
time temptation in voting for a loan to
Franco Spain a sizeable "friendly" gesture
that will cost the United States $100,000,000.
Senator Tydings (Dem.-Md.), chairman
of the Senate Armed Forces Committee,
declared it would be only "sheer realism" to
bring Spain into the orbit of western Euro-
pean countries combined with the United
States. He and 64 of his colleagues appar-
ently believe it is fanciful to shun an alli-
ance with totalitarianism on the right
while the whole nation is gearing itself
toward war with totalitarianism on the
They couldn't be more wrong.
As a practical consideration, Spain only
last year was termed a poor security risk
by the Export-Import Bank, out of which
the loan would come. Secretary of State
Acheson, who opposes the loan, has noted
several barriers under the control of the
Spanish government which would impede
economic justification of the loan. These
include such obstacles as a complex system
of export and import controls, lack of stand-
ardized money rates and restriction limiting
foreign investors to only 25 per cent parti-
cipation in any project.
Secondly, a loan to Spain could very pos-
sibly prove the death blow to all hopes of
overthrowing the Franco regime and estab-
lishing a democratic government. It is ap-
parent that no democratic movement can
gain success in Spain under the dictator.
Recent State Department efforts in that di-
rection have been in vain, Acheson has re-
ported. And yet a loan would only solidify
Franco's position and undo any effects that
four years of non-recognitior may have
Senator Tydings might also consider how
realistic the United States would be in is-
suing a government loan to Spain without
consulting other members of the United
Nations. In 1946 the General Assembly
deemed Spain ineligible for membership in
the UN and adopted a resolution calling
upon its members to act in accordance with
the letter and spirit of that stand. If the
United States extends Franco a loan, she will
again be pulling that disastrous trick of as-
suming she IS the UN.
Obviously impelled by war in Korea and
augmented fear of Russia, the loan is ex-
pected to gain the United States air bases
and some strategic metals. Senator Morse
(Rep.-Ore.), one of the four Republicans
and 11 Democrats who opposed the loan,
called it "bribing" Franco to become our al-
ly. The most unrealistic point about the
loan is that we feel it necessary to offer
such a bribe. In a possible war Franco has
little choice. The enemy of the United States
would not be the foreign government that
put him in power, as in the last war, but an
unfriendly Stalin, for whom anti-Communist
Franco has no liking.
Finally, and basically the real argu-
ment against granting aid to Spain, the.
United States should consider if it is rea-
listic to support one totalitarian govern-
ment for the sake of defeating another.
"It is vital for Americans to keep in mind
that the enemy in our century is totali-
tarianism, no matter what its form," the
New York Times reminded its readers.
The real hope of the United States lies
not merely in standing against Communism
but in holding out a positive gain - democ-
racy. A purely negative anti-Communist
force such as Nationalist China can only
Perhaps there are some real "realists" in
THOMAS L. STOKES:
Long-Run Aims in Korea
WASHINGTON-One high-placed official
who is in the process of mobilizing our
resources observed that the people are ahead
of both Congress and the administration
in sensing what we are in for in Korea.
This is not surprising. It has happened
before, as in the tense and critical period at
the start of the second World War in Europe
when a majority of our people instinctively
felt the meaning of the Nazi menace before
many members of Congress did. It has hap-
pened since the war in the way our people
have been ahead of the administration and
Congress in the matter of strengthening
the United Nations.
THISPUBLIC ATTITUDE explains the
present activity of Congress which, after
only brief questioning about the extent of
things necessary to do, is leaping ahead of
the administration under goading from the
It is refreshing and encouraging. For
it indicates a maturity of purpose among
our people, a recognition of our nation's
new role in the world and a realization
of our responsibility to assume leadership
wholeheartedly and energetically in organ-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: LARRY ROTHMAN t
izing other free nations to resist aggres-
sion and preserve peace. Much has hap-
pened to our people and much has hap-
pened to Congress since those days back
in 1940 when there was confusion of pur-
pose and hesitation in the face of the Nazi
aggression. At that time, it may be recalled,
the Draft Act was extended only by the
spare grace of a single vote in the House.
Now Congress - both Democrats and Re-
publicans - is pushing ahead not only with
enlarged appropriations for our own mili-
tary establishment and those of members of
the North Atlantic pact. It also is seeking
to enlarge the scope of the administration's
projected control program for the civilian
economy by providing stand-by peace and
* * *
W HAT IS HAPPENING in Congress is ex-
plained by a representative check of
mail coming into members' offices which
carries demands -and asks some pointed
questions. There are many complaints that
we are not going far enough. There is a
veritable flood of demands for price controls,
reflecting the anxiety over rises on the es-
sentials of living, some of it before Bernard
M. Baruch's recommendations for broad
mobilization with freezing of wages and
prices, more of it since.
People also are asking such questions
as what has happened with all the billions
appropriated for defense in the years since
the war, and why more United Nations
members have not sent ground troops to
fight with ours in Korea.
Translating the general reaction in broad
terms, some members of Congress who are
astute in analyzing public opinion say that
the people are ready to do all that is neces-
sary to prepare us not only to protect our
own security, but to take the leadership in
enlisting other nations within the UN to
organize that agency so that it is strong
enough to stop aggression and preserve
IN THE MAIL there is overwhelming en-
dorsement of President Trumah's prompt
action in asking the UN to assume its or-
dained role under the Charter and in im-
mediately providing military forces for an
emergency international police force. The
people are aware of the UN's role and want
it implemented in every way possible. They
would support bold action at Lake Success.
For they are looking beyond Korea to
the whole picture of the future.
Some in Congress, conscious of the whole
picture and of this public attitude, conse-
quently say that it is not enough to consider
the immediate Korean problem. The Presi-
dent, they add, should enunciate, and press
for, the long-term objective of organizing
the free nations and the UN for peace. The
soldiers who are fighting in Korea and those
who are leaving their homes here daily for
military camps want to be sure this time
that their sacrifice is a sacrifice for'a peace-
ful world order.
This aim should be stressed and kept
constantly before all of us. For it is pre-
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
WASHINGTON.-A new super-tank will
soon be ready for Korean action, that
is the fastest, deadliest, and best-armored
in the world.
Military leaders say it represents as
great an advance in ground attack as the
jet plane in the air. They also predict
it will be vastly superior to the massive
Russian tanks being used by the North
This information was given to a closed-
door meeing of the House Armed Services
Committee by Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army
Chief of Staff.
General Collins testified that the tank,
already in production, will outspeed and out-
maneuver any enemy tank it comes up
against. Furthermore, it will not only be
equipped with weapons capable of "destroy-
ing ahy other tank," including the Russian
Goliath, Collins told the committee ,but it
will have better armor to resist enemy fire.
REPUBLICANS WAKE UP
MEMBER of the palace guard chiefly res-
ponsible for holding President Truman
back on all-out war controls is affable, take-
it-easy, nice-as-an-old-shoe Secretary of the
Treasury John Snyder. He is also the man
who is likely to let the Republicans steal
the show when it comes to protecting the
public on price-gouging.
Astute Sen. Joe O'Mahoney, Wyoming
Democrat, put his finger on this when
he called Secretary Snyder on the phone
"I'm having a meeting of brain-trusters
from here and there to talk over an excess-
profits tax," O'Mahoriey told- the man who
is supposed to advise on and help originate
"I'd be glad to invite you to sit in with us,
John, but I'm not," the Wyoming Senator
continued. "For, somehow or other, I dont't
think you'd be much help on an excess-
What O'Mahoney knew was the Secre-
tary Snyder has been pulling against any
excess-profits tax, despite the fact that
this proved the most efficient means of
both holding down prices and financing
the last war. It is also one of the main
planks in the control platform of wise
old Bernard Baruch whose advice has
helped guide the nation through two wars.
Jumping on Baruch's platform the other
day, Congressman Kunkel of Pennsylvania,
who recently ran for governor on the GOP
ticket but lost in the primary, proposed
complete adoption of Baruch's all-out price-
tax-wage-and-inflation controls. Catching
the Democrats off guard, the Republicans
voted solidly in the House Banking and
Currency Committee for the Baruch plan
and lost by only one vote.
Administration Democrats were scared
stiff. It was their first realization that the
country, as usual, isahead of Washington.
And this time the Republicans seem to have
awakened to the fact first.
* * *
BLETTING ODDS on Capitol Hill are that
the federal grand jury now probing
police-state methods and the wiretapping
inspired by Senator Brewster of Maine will
end in a whitewash.
Despite the efforts of conscientious
James McInerny, chief of the Justice De-
partment's Criminal Division, alibis are
arranged to get Senator Brewster and his
friends, Pan American Airways, off the
In the first place, the Justice Department
held the wiretapping report for almost a year
and only fished it out of the files after the
facts had been exposed in the press. As a
result, the statute of limitations is about
to expire, and but one scant week remains
- seven days from today - in which the
grand jury can act.
Second, the chief parties concerned have
careful stories claiming "no divulgement."
In other words, Lieut. Joseph Shimon, the
District of Columbia cop who directed the
tapping of Howard Hughes' telephone
wires, claims that he divulged no informa-
tion from Hughes' 4apped wire to Senator
Brewster or anyone else.
As long as he divulged no information to
others, the Justice Department contends he
did not violate the law against wiretapping.
FEARED FOR HIS LIFE
MEANWHILE SENATOR Brewster's story
is that his life was in danger and he
called in the Washington police. While they
may have tapped some wires in protecting
him, he had no knowledge of what they were
doing and received no information from
Significantly, other policemen who tap-
ped Howard Hughes' wire under Lieuten-
ant Shimon's direction had instructions to
listen especially for conversations pertain-
ing to the airplane industry and to Hughes'
Trans World Airlines.
This seems a long way from protecting
Senator Brewster's life. It also fits in with
the evidence during Senator Brewster's
probe that unless Hughes consolidated his
TWA with Pan American, he would be in-
vestigated by Brewster.
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
To the Editor:
SEVERAL FRIENDS have point-
ed out to me that I am listed
as one of the sponsors of the
Stockholm Peace Appeal.
I would like to call to the atten-
tion of all and sundry that this
listing is incorrect. Neither I nor
the religious group that is listed
with my name has indicated any
desire to sponsor the Appeal.
-J. M. Morris
Peace Appeal.. .
To the Editor:
COUNTERACT the Com-
munist - inspired and false
"World Peace Appeal," we can and
should sponsor an impressive "Ap-
peal for A True Peace." It is,
therefore, requested that the fol-
lowing petition be signed:
"The war in Korea and threats
of other attacks are a danger to
the peace of all peoples.
"We believe that the Korean
war can be stopped and that peace
can be more nearly secured if the
North Korean forces will obey the
United Nations and, go back to
their starting point.
"We believe that the govern-
ments and the peoples of the
world can persuade them to do
"We believe that the govern-
ments and individuals who pro-
claim theirddevotion to peacecan
prove that devotion by using their
influence to stop the Korean war
in this way to avoid threats of at-
"We invite all friends of peace
to sign this statement."
Your readers can readily make a
copy of this petition. If they will
then circulate, promptly forward
the executed petitions to me, we
shall prove that we are not misled
by false propaganda but can
steadfastly proceed with honesty
A copy of this letter is being
sent to every daily in the U.S.A. I
propose to submit the signed peti-
tions to the State Department, the
"Voice of America," and the Uni-
ted Nations, and hope that they
will constitute an effective reply
to the phony "World Peace Ap-
This is one American's contribu-
tion to common understanding
and the cause of peace.
4620 47th Street, N.W.
Washington 16, D.C.
A^ 5L.... a ...
Xe t teP TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and -will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in ood taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous fetters, and letters which for any eason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Peace Progress On The Home Front
* * *
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Somet 'Master Plan'
By WES GALLAGHER
AP Bureau Chief
FRANKFURT-(-(-Are the masters of the Kremlin power drunk,
blunderers or subtle political geniuses?
Since the huge territorial expansion of Communism in the East
it has become the fashion to envision Russia's Politburo as a super
Western pundits examine the simplest Soviet acts, the most
ridiculous Communist propaganda statements, for hidden booby
traps and secret meanings.
The same thing was done with Hitler. His simplest move was
looked upon as part of a master plan. But captured records revealed
Hitler as a vain, misinformed man who would not listen to advisors
and who conducted his affairs by intuition and improvisation.
Today Stalin and his politburo are looked upon as the schem-
ers with the master plan.
When the record is revealed, will it be any different than Hitler's?
Let us take a look at what Russia might have had if she had fol-
lowed a more subtle program of political expansion in the past five
IN 1945, the Red Army was sprawled across Europe from the Adriatic
to the Baltic.
Russia had a veto voice in all the affairs of Germany including
the vital Ruhr through the Allied Control Council.
Communists were in the governments of France, Italy and spread
through the vitals of every labor union in Europe.
Great Britain and the United States were preoccupied with de-
mobilization and tearing down their war machines.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
At Lydia Mendelssohn . .
HANSEL AND GRETEL, by Engelbert
Humperdinck, presented by the Depart-
ment of Speech in conjunction with the
School of Music.
SPEECH AND MUSIC students combined
beautifully to present an entertaining and
polished performance of Humperdinck's
Special plaudits go to Joan Zapf for her
portrayal of Hansel. Her somewhat gawky
mannerism, arms-akimbo style of acting and
resonant soprano filled the bill beautifully
as the protective brother. She successfully
bridged the difficult gap of establishing
herself as a boy in the minds of her audience.
Creditable performances were made by
Ruth Campbell and Edith Bugg as Gretel
and Mother respectively, though Miss Camp-
bell's voice tended to squeak on the high
notes, and her deep gasps for breath, which
reached back to the fifteenth row, made one
wonder if she could last out three more
Reid Shelton, as Father, managed to con-
vey both joviality and menace in the only
male role in the show. He so aptly voiced
the terrors of the wood witch that even
the grotesque gyrations that he made atop
a broomstick could not destroy the mood of
terror which -he created.
Joyce Edgar as the witch, a marvel of
make-up and costuming, thrilled an audi-
ence packed with small children, but Miss
E1dzar's voice which trembled and lacked
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Summer Session, Room 3510 Admin-
istration Building, by 3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (11:00
FRIDAY, AUGUST 4, 1950
VOL. LX ,No. 27-S
Notice: The Office of the Sum-
mer Session is holding an Air Mail
letter for Miss Julia Allen from
the Young Women's Christian As-
sociation of the United States of
America National Board. Will
you please call for it at 3510 Ad-
ministration Building. It will be
held until Friday, August 4 be-
fore being returned to sender.
Contemporary Arts and Society:
After Friday, August 11, all papers
handed in for this course will be
marked down; in somescases, an
'E' may be given for the course.
Next week there will be an an-
nouncement in The Daily stating
where papers already turned in
may be picked up.
A representative of the General
Motors Corporation will be at the
Bureau of Appointments on Wed-
nesday, August 9, to interview
Atgust graduates who expect de-
grees in Electrical Engineering.
They are interested in men who
are taking degrees in either power
or electronics. For further, infor-
mation and appointments for in-
terviews call the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, Ext. 371.
A representative of the A. C.
Spark Plug Division of the Gener-
al Motors Corporation of Milwau-
kee, Wisconsin will be at the Bu-
reau of Appointments on Thurs-
day, August 10, to interview Aug*
gust graduates of the Electrical
and Mechanical Engineering
schools. They are interested in
electronics majors in Electrical
Engineering and in Mechanical
Engineers interested in production
of electronic equipment. For fur-
ther information and appoint-
ments for interviews call the Bu-
reau of Appointments, Ext. 371.'
Astronomical Colloquium: Sat-
urday, August 5, 2 p.m. at the Mc-
Math-Hulbert Observatory, Pon-
tiac, Michigan. Speaker: Dr. G. C.
McVittie, Professor of Mkathema-
tics, Queen Mary College, London,
England. Subject: Two-Color In-
dices and General Relativity.
Student Recital: Elaine Brovan,
pianist, will be heard at 8:30 Fri-
day evening, August 4, in the Ar-
chitecture Auditorium, playing
compositions by Bach, Hindemith,
Mozart, and Schubert. Presented
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Ba-
chelor of Music, the recital will be
open to the public. Miss Brovan is
a pupil of Marian Owen.
Stanley Quartet, with Benning
Dexter, pianist, will present its
final concert of the summer at
8:30 p.m. Tuesday in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. The program
will include Mozart's Quartet in D
minor, K. 421, Quintet for piano
and string quartet by Alvin Etler,
and Beethoven's Quartet in C ma-
jor, Ap. 59, No. 3. The general pub-
lic will be admitted without charge.
Student Recital: Paul Janeck,
student of piano with John Kol-
len, will present a program at 8:30
p.m. Saturday, in the Architecture
Auditorium. Played in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for
the degree of Bachelor of Music, it
will include compositions by Bach,
Beethoven, Schubert and Debussy.
The general public is invited.
Student Recital: Ruth Oberholt-
zer, organist, will play a recital at
8:30 p.m. Sunday in Hill Auditor-
ium, in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Master of Music. It will include
compositions by Buxt ehud e,
Strungk, Couperin, Bach, and
Reubke, and will be open to the
public. Miss Oberholtzer is a pupil
of Josef Schnelker.
University Symphony Orchestra:
Wayne Dunlap, Conductor, will be
heard in its annual summer con-
cert at 8:30 p.m. Monday in Hill
Auditorium. The program will in-
,lude Folk Overture by Peter Men-
nin, Three Ballads from the Cats-
kills by Norman Cazden, member
of the School of Music faculty,
with David Ireland, solo violist,
George Webber, cellist, and An-
drew Lisko, violinist; Concerto for
Piano and Orchestra composed by
School of Music faculty member
Homer Keller, with Robert Hen-
derson, pianist. Following inter-
mission, the orchestra will play
David Diamond's Overture to "The
Tempest," Samuel Barber's Essay
for Orchestra, and Knoxville:
Summer in 1915, with Leslie Eit-
)en, soprano; Jubilation Overture
by Robert Ward. The general pub-
BY SAYING "YES" instead of "NO" a few times in the Allied Con-
trol Council of Germany, by allowing their Communist stooges to
cooperate instead of obstruct, Soviet gains would have been enormous.
Russia would have had a voice in the conduct of all of Ger-
many and life and death power over the Ruhr which they covet
Russia's controlled Communists, by a few gestures of cooperation,
would still be in the French government.
The greatest blow to Communist hopes was dealt by the European
Recovery Program, which eliminated much of the misery on which
Russia missed its chance to wreck ERP when the then Foreign
Minister Molotov walked out of the founding Paris meeting.
It cannot be looked upon as anything but a major political blun-
der from the Soviet point of view.
When Soviet friendship turned to violent propaganda tirades,
the reservoir of good will disappeared and Great Britain and the
United States started putting back together their war machines.
Communist acts aroused and united French opposition into a
Another major Soviet blunder, the "Blockade of Berlin," aroused
the West to unite against Russian pressure. Western prestige was
raised enormously when the blockade was broken.
SOVIET SUCCESSES have been in two places: 1-Where the Red
Army was on hand to enforce its decisions such as in Eastern
Europe; 2-Where Communism has 'fed on economic misery and weak
and corrupt regimes as in the Far East.
It is felt by some that the Soviets made a master move by
entangling the United States forces in fighting a Communist
satellite in Korea.
But does it make good reading in the Kremlin that as a direct
result of the fighting in Korea the United States will spend ten bil-
lions more on arms and partly mobilize?
Is it good reading that the Korea fighting is spurring Western
Was it a wise move that the Soviets walked out of the Security
Council instead of being present to exercise their veto on Korea?,
Were all these moves by the Soviet Union over the past five
years part of a super engineered master plan?
Or were these the result of applying force without scruple hap-
hazardly by power-mad and badly informed men?
What in the Russian record of European blunders in the past
five years points to wisdom and restraint?
lic will be admitted without
General Library, main lobby
cases. "Trochiledae, Family of
(Continued on Page 3)
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Sanity in California
This isa catastrophe, Barnaby!
f . 2 . . _ _ -
All that work....My glorious
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A GOOD THING?I
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Can't convince Pop y
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