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August 02, 1950 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1950-08-02

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,.

OUTLAWING
COMMUNISTS
See i~v ge 2

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

Da ii4g

PARTLY CLOUDY

_

SIX PA

VOL. LX, No. 25-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1950

SIX FA

11

I

I

Senate Votes
$100 Million
Franco Loan
Measure Needs
House Approval
WASHINGTON-(A)-The Sen-
ate yesterday voted to let Spain
have a $100,000,000 loan.
It was one of the fe official
Y friendly gestures that nation has
had from the U.S. in several years.
* * *
SENATOR O'MAHONEY (D-
Wyo.) proposed the loan, as an
y. amendment to the giant $35,000,-
0000,000 appropriations bill. The
Senate agreed, 65 to 15. The money
would come from the government's
export-import bank.
Chairman Tydings (Dem.-
Md.) of the Senate Armed Forces
Committee said Spain is neces-
sary to the defense of the U.S
"in sheer realism, in sheer de-
fense," Tydings said, "we should
bring Spain into the orbit of the
.western European countries con-
bined with us."
SENATOR MORSE (Rep.-Ore.)
said the Senate was being urged
to support a loan to Spain because
this country might want air bases
there.
He said he looked upon this
as an attempted bribe of Fran-
Co.
"I don't feel that we're going to
win this war around the world if
we support totalitarianism, be it
Communistic or Fascist," Morse
said.
The U.S. withdrew its ambassa-
dor from Madrid in 146 as a sign
of disapproval of Gen. Franco.
Court Rules
CommUnist
VerdictValid
NEW YORK-(P)-A Federal
Appeals Court yesterday upheld
the Smith Act and the conviction
under it of the nation's 11 top
Communist leaders.
The unanimous opinion of three
judges was tuned to the times,
citing the Korean war and Presi-
dent Truman's latest warning
against subversives.
JUDGE. HARRIE. B.. CHASE
praised Congress for its foresight
in enacting the Smith act 10 years
ago. He called American Commu-
nists allies, if not tools of Soviet
Russia.
* Chase said the act does not
outlaw the Communist party
and does not outlaw revolution-
ary thought. Under it, he added,
a person may urge the abolition
of Congress and the Courts, an
end to freedom of speech and
press and other changes in ba-
sic American rights.
"What it does prohibit," Judge
Chase wrote, "is the urging of ac-
tion to accomplish such changes
as these by forcible means."
THE 11 COMMUNIST leaders
were convicted last Autumn of
conspiring to advocate the violent
overthrow of the United States
government. That is a violation of
the Smith Act.

At the time of their convic-
tions, they publicly vowed to
cary their appeals to the U.S.
Supreme Court. The Circuit
Court of Appeals is the last
stop before the high court.
The convicted leaders are Eu-
gene Dennis, John B. Williamson,
Jacob Stachel, Robert G. Thomp-
son, Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., Henry
Winston, John Gates, Irving Pot-
ash, Gilbert Green, Carl Winter
and Gus Hall.
* * r4'

* *

*

* *

GI's

Start

Be lgian Socialsts
Call Halt to Strik4
Cheer News of Conditional Vic
Leopold Capitulates in Compr
BRUSSELS, Belgium-(IP)-Militant Socialist leaders
with ,a conditional victory over King Leopold III, called
Leopoldist strikes last night and started the near-prostrat
back toward normalcy.
Thousainds of Socialist workers gathered at party hea
to cheer the news that the king was prepared to hand his
reassumed regal powers to his 19-year-old son, Crown Pri
douin, with the implication that Boudouin would become kin
when he reaches the age of 21 Sept. 7, 1951.

PRESUMABLY satisfied with
the terms of a compromise reach-
ed after a confusing 36 hours of
on-again, off-again bargaining,
the Socialist-led Belgian Trade
Union Federation directed strik-
ers to return to work today and
end their demonstrations. Socia-
list leaders have reported 500,000
workers - about one-fourth of
Belgium's labor force - were on
strike against the monarch, who
returned only 10 days ago after
six years in exile.
Leopold's expected capitula-
tion - abdication was implied
only in the king's promissory
note conditionally due-dated
Sept. 7, 1951 - was regarded as
a triumph for the Socialist-,
worker group. In addition, the
Socialists jubilantly claimed.
three concessions from the pro-f
Leopold Social Christian (Cath-
olic) government. These were:
1-The release of all persons
arrested in the disorders of the
past few days.
2-No punitive action to be tak-
en against public officials and
civil servants who refused to carry
out orders detrimental to the
strikers.
3-A call for a national labor
conference in Brussels Aug. 7-8,
during which representatives of
labor, employers, and the gov-
ernment will discuss wage and
hour demands.
Joint Committee
OK's AgeBenefits
WASHINGTON-(P)-A House-
Senate Committee gave its final
approval yesterday to a comprom-
ise bill blanketing 10,000,000 more
workers under old age insurance,
boosting benefits up to 100 per-
cent, and more than doubling se-
curity payroll taxes in the next
20 years.
Chairman George (Dem.-Ga.)
of the Senate Finance Committee
said the measure, after 18 months'
study in Congress, probably will
be put on President Truman's desk
next Monday, with final approval
of the House and Senate.

'Allison Lir
In Missou
Senate R
By The Associated Pi
Missouri and Kansa
picked Senate nominees
mary elections yesterday
ident Truman's influenc
his home state Democra
ed its first trial run of
In Virginia and West
primaries candidates for
six house seats respecti
named.
* * *
Missouri.
AFTER EDGING into
first returns, State Senat
W. Allison, backed by t
dent, trailed former U.
Thomas C. Hennings, J
Louis in 1,948 of the sta
precincts.
The vote gave Henni
643, Allison.82,869. Thr
candidates were far bi
yesterday's balloting.
Kansas .. .
GOV. FRANK CARLS
ing the state's Senator
ination, led his lone4
Harry W. Colmery, for
tional commander of th
can Legion.
Returns from 258 of
2,793 precincts gave
5725 votes for the full
4414 for Colmery.
. * * *
Virginia and
West Virginia
THE ONLY three D
house members who wer
won renomination.
They were Reps. Ho
Smith, Dean of the sta
g a t i o n, eighth dist
Vaughan Gary, third;
Robeson, first.
RUSH D. HOLT, baby]
tic Senator of the 193(
into an early lead in N
ginia for nomination to
House as a Republican

A rmored
New Troops
Rush to Arear
Near Pusan
*tr
Ito 0More B-29's To
)mise Join Fight 'Soon'
flushed
off anti- By The Associated Press'
American troops yesterday laun-
te nation ched a counter attack with armor
in an effort to retake high ground
dquarters northeast of Chinju, 55 miles west
recently of the main supply port of Pusan.
nce Bau- The high ground was lost to
g in fact the North Korean Communists in
the fighting Sunday.
* * *
MEANWHILE a flanking force '.
s of Red troops had moved around ,
the Americans holding the Hyop e, -
chan-Taegu road. This action was
r on the eastern front about 25
[ miles north of Chinu.
Army troops fresh from the
U.S. rushed to the front west of
ice Pusan where the Communists
had driven to within 40 air
miles of the vital supply port.-
tess It was in this area that field
s voters dispatches said an American WOOD
in pri- counterattack had begun. deep is
as Pres- There was no indication as to the spe
e among what units participated in the Campb
ts receiv- counterattack, or their strength. Fairy,:
1950. The dispatch said only that Amer-
Virginia icans with armor had begun an
nine and attempt to recapture high ground'
vely were northeast of Chinju, 55 miles west
of Pusan.
(The Defense Department in1
Washington disclosed that ele-
ments of the First Marine Division
a lead on have arrived in Korea along with
or Emery elements of the Army's Second B
he Presi- Infantry Division and the Fifth "Hanse
S. Rep. Regimental combat team. "El- "Babes i
r., of St. ments" means none of the units music by
ate's 4676 is at full strength, a spokesman us ofa
said. A Navy spokesman said de- cookies w
ings 83,- signation of the Marines strength at 8 p.m.
ee other as a brigade - normally about sohn Th
ehind in 6,000 men - would not be "too The gi
far off.") "dirty" m
* * . ae'
IN SPOKANE, the Air Force tales w
base announced yesterday that children
ON, seek- more of its B-29 bombers will be they com
ial nom- leaving to join the Far Eastern Air gerbread
opponent, Force "in the next few days." HANS
rmer na- Already in action against the this me
ie Ameri- Korean Communists is the 92nd _
Bomb Group made up of the
Kansas' B-29 Superforts. The first unit GOP
Carlson of that group left the Spokane
term to base July 4.Kore
General MacArthur located the
battle lines yesterday as one mile
south of Yongdok, seven miles WASH
northwest of Andong, five miles publican
. * . southeast of Yechon, thence to a manded
emocratic point ten miles southwest of Sang- the Kor
,eoposedju where American troops of the Rep. S:
e opposed See GI's, Page 2 eral Mac

*ot*
Ot er

AttackBlames U. S.
A tC For Korean

LAND SCENE-A curious group from the opera Hansel and Gretel survey an improbable area
the Black Forest which was created for the opera by Alex Wycoff, guest scene designer for
eech department this summer, from Guild O'Craft in New York. From left to right are Ruth
ell as Gretel, Reid Shelton as the father, Joan Zapf as Hansel and Alice Hepburn as the Slede
in costumes designed by Lucy Barton, sumnmur costumiere, of the University of Texas.
* * * * 4

Aggression
Protests Counci
Action as 'lIlega
LAKE SUCCESS -(P)- Russ
Jakob A. Malik walked back i
the security council yesterday, f:
ed again to oust Nationalist Chi
and then accused the Uni
States of aggression in Korea.
He demanded that the U.S. s
"flagrant and unjustified aggi
ion' 'against the people of Koi
He said the Soviet Union is t
lowing a policy of peace. Itv
his first speech here since he
gan his boycott last January 10
* * *
MALIK CHARGED that
United States is trying "every'1
to broaden the warfare, not c
against the people of Korea
also against the people of V
nam, China and Indochina."
"The United States aims
seizing Korea," Malik argu
"The ruling circles are not at
concerned with ending hosti
ties."
The council voted 8 to 3 aga
Malik's ruling as August presid
that T.F. Tsiang, of Nations
China, is an "usurper" and "
resents nobody."
4' * *
THE UNITED STATES, Brit
France, Nationalist China, C
Equador, Egypt and Norway v
against Malik's expected ru.
that Tsiang was not a membe
the Council. Britain and Nor
have recognized Red China
spokesmen for those countries
said they would not use parlian
tary "tricks" to settle the qaest
The Soviet Union, Yugosla
and India voted In favor
Malik's ruling.
The decision was taken be:
the largest/ crowd in council 1
tory, including Margaret Trun
daughter of the President. H
delegates found only stan
room as bitter words flashed :
and forth across the table, ma
between Malik and Warren R.
tin, chief United States dele
* * *
MALIK PROTESTED that
"ouncil action on China was ill
but the vote was against him. E
eral times it appeared he
nearing a second boycott but
sat through the avlanche of V
against him and went on to
tack the U.S. policy in Korea.
The Council had before i
three-point work-sheet, call
the agenda. The first point
adoption of that agenda. T
second was the Chinese qU
tion and the third was one si
mitted by Malik-"peacefuli
tlement of the Korean questio
Austin demanded that Mali,
arrange the agenda to put at
top an American proposal
demning North Korean autl
ties for continued defiance of
U.N. and calling on all coun
to refrain from assisting or
couraging the North- Korean
thorities.

Ane rtl Open Today at Lydia

y WENDY OWEN
el and Gretel," a colorful,
n the Wood" opera with'
Humperdinck and a chor-
angels and gingerbread
ill open a four-night '-un
today in Lydia Mendels-
eater.
ngerbread cookies are the
work of one of the folk-
itches who bakes small
in her fiery oven until
ne out toasty brown gin-
. * * *
EL AND GRETEL meet
nace when they get lost

tryin gto .find strawberries in
wood near their home.

a

ward W.
ate dele-
trict; J.
and E.J.
Democra-
O's, edged
West Vir-
the U.S.

SOCIAL SECURITY:
Harry1 Becker, of U.AW
Wi ll Speak Here Today
* * *
;,Hary Becker, director of the
UAW-CIO social security depart-
- ment, will speak on "Organized
Labor and Social Security" at 4:15
p.m. today in Rackham Amphi-
theatre.

7 Wrd News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO - The threat of
flood damage rose in Kansas yes-
terday as rains continued in
southern Kansas and Arkansas
and the lower Missouri valley.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The United
States yesterday notifed the gov-
ernment of Iran it is willing
to lend funds for development
of productive capacity and to
raise Iranian living standards.
* * *
PRAGUE - Herbert Lass, of
New York, director of the Ameri-
can Relief Agency CARE,, was re-
ported by the Prague radio last
night to have quit his post with
a denunciation -of U. S. fighting
in Korea.
IOWA CITY-L. Dale Faunce,
39, of Michigan State College,
East Lansing, has been named

authority
any time
patchesf
In a s
tor Bridg
the Uni
sorshipc
the fight
Roths
stancesv
censorsh
vaders 1h
of value
Maj. C
Informal
MacArthi
stitutec
chooses.

sters Demand
a Censorship
INGTON-(P)-Two Re-
lawmakers yesterday de-
censorship of news from
ean war zone.
hafer (R-Mich) said Gen-
Arthur ought to be given
y to invoke censorship at
e on news and radio dis-
from Korea.
eparate statement, Sena-
ges (R-NH) proposed that
ted Nations clamp cen-
on troop movements in
ting area.
said there have been in-
where, because of lack of
ip, the North Korean in-
have received information
Gen. Floyd Parks, Army
tion Chief, has said that
ur has authority to in-
censorship any time he

The rest of theirhadventures
including the delightful inter-
lude when the two try to sleep
on the moist, cold forest ground
is purely . Humperdinck's crea-
tion, and departs from the orig-
inal children's story.
Humperdinck's music for the
fairy fantasy has become a great
favorite of American audiences,
especially his Children's Prayer
which can be heard every Sunday
evening over the radio.
* * * ,
THE OPERA, fourth summer
drama offering will be presented
by the speech department in con-
junction with the music school.
Prof. Valentine Windt of the
speech department is the director,
and Prof. Wayne Dunlap of the
music school, the musical director.
The cast will include Joan
Zapf as Hansel, Ruth Campbell
as Gretel, Reid Shelton as the
father, Edith Buggas the mother,
with Joyce Edgar portraying the
wicked witch, andrAlice Hep-
burn and Eugenia Dells as the
two kindly fairies.
The singing cast is made up of
students in the music school, while
the dancers and the chorus of
angels and gingerbread cookies
are recruited from both music
school and the speech department.
Tickets for all performances are
one sale at the Lydia Mendelssohn
box office, open daily from 10
a.m. to 8 p.m. on the nights of
performance. All performances
begin at 8 p.m.

SA C Clari fies.
Regulationst on
TU' Recognitiont
Membership lists filed by stu-
dent organizations in order to ob-
tain University recognition must
be complete, but upon request will
be kept confidential by the Of-
fice of Student Affairs, the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee decided
yesterday.
In its last regular meeting of
the summer session, the Commit-
tee voted that the membership
lists, which .are regularly required
of student organizations, must
name all members.
* * * ,
PREVIOUSLY, a few student or-
ganizations had named only 30
of their members in order to com-
ply with a rule which requires
that number for University recog-
nition.
Under the new rule, the head
of each organization must cer-
tify that its membership list is
complete as of the date of filing
with the Office of Student Af-
fairs.
If the list is not complete, the
organization will not receive Uni-
versity recognition.
Upon request of a recognized
sudent organization, the Office of
Student Affairs will treat its mem-
bership list as confidential infor-
mation - to be released only tc
government agencies charged with
the national security.
Previously, the only student
groups which could have confi-
dential membership were political
clubs - Young Republicans,
Young Democrats, and Young
Progressives.

AUSTIN SAID the U.S. felt
highly inappropriate for the CC
cil to deal with the Chinese qt
tion now and that the cou
should establish the firm print
See RUSSIA, Page 2
Draft Boards
Get Overeal1
LANSING - (R) - The call
2,838 men for September in4
tion, to fill a quota of 2,365, v
out yesterday to Michigan d
boards.
The overcall, said Col. Glen
,Arnold, State Selective Ser
Director, is to provide for last r
ute deferments and other en
gencies.
OF THE 2,838 men called
induction, he said, Wayne Cot
will provide 1,127 and the res

'COMMON SECURITY':
Trman Says A rms May Save Peace

Becker, who will speak in the
summer lecture series on "The
Quest for Social Security," has

WASHINGTON - ('P) - Presi-
dent Truman said yesterday that
the best way to prevent future out-
breaks against the pe'ace of the
world is to see that our allies are

But he gave this breakdown on
the areas to be helped:
North Atlantic .. $3,504,000,000
Greece, Turkey, Iran 193,000,000
Philippines, Asia .. 303,000,000
As r2_1-1 _rauhA fin-

Mr. Truman disclosed Monday
that he intended to request the
additional billions. Yesterday his
letter to House Speaker Rayburn
(Dem.-Tex.) gave .some of his
reasons for making the request.

* ''mmaw U

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