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July 26, 1950 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1950-07-26

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ted tl
, thro
ary b
ne of

Congressional Immunity
VGTON-Senators are very proud perience in this investigation indicates that
jealous of the rights and privileges this privilege should not become a license
hem as members of what has be- for the character assassination of Ameri-
ough guarding of those rights and can citizens. It is believed that from such
one of the world's great parlia- a study it may be possible to evolve leg-
odies. islation which is designed to preserve this
'these is the immunity they en- immunity ... and, at the same time, in-
ig with members of the House, sure that it does not become a shield to
tihey say on the floors of Con- perpetrate injustice and fraud."

,s. This exempts them from prosecu-
R for libel within those limits.
is, therefore, significant when three
ibers of the Senate all imbued with jeal-
concern for its rights and prestige, and
able lawyers, recommend a study to see
ther this privilege of immunity should
in some way circumscribed so that "it
hot become a shield to perpetrate in-
ice and fraud."
IS RECOMMENDATION was in the re-
port of the three Democratic members
he special Foreign Relations Subcom-
ee-Senators Tydings (of Maryland),
m (of Rhode Island), and McMahon (of
necticut)-that investigated the charges
Senator Joe McCarthy (Republican of
onsin), about Communism in the State
srtnent. It reflected their deep sense of
age over the way in which the Wiscon-
Senator had slandered innocent persons
nd. his cloak of immunity.
ze recommendation has been overlooked
awhat in emphasis on other parts of the
thy report that bore directly on the
arthy episode, and the political debate
followed its presentation to the Senate,
he immunity privilege the majority re-
[t is recommended that a Joint Corn-
tee of House and Senate be appointed
make a careful study of the immunity
n civil suit extended to Members of
ngress, by reason of statements made
them on the floor of either house and
ore Congressional committees. Our ex-

The privilege is imbedded in the Consti-
tution, in Section 6 of the first Article,
which, defines privileges of members, among
them-"for any speech or debate in either
-House they shall not be questioned in any
oter place."
The aim would be to define this Consti-
tutional provision by legislation, so as to
prevent such abuse of it as that by Senator
McCarthy. This, admittedly, might be diffi-
cult to do in a way that would meet the legal
test of the courts. None of the three sena-
tors has any solution ready at hand, ex-
plaining that careful study would be re-
* * *
BECAUSE OF tradition it probably would
be hard to move Congress to restrict
this Constitutional privilege, unless some
similar abuse should follow quickly. But, by
raising the issue in their report, the three
senators pointed up forcefully how far their
Wisconsin colleague went, to exploit a
privilege of his office, which is a privilege
that also carries with it a solemn responsi-
bility. Furthermore, they gave notice to the
American people of the danger of unbridled
license which may hit innocents among
them unless is is curbed, either by volun-
tary observance of the proprieties by mem-
bers of Congress, or by some sort of res-
traint imposed by members on themselves.
It has not been forgotten by Senator
McCarthy's colleagues that when he first
presented his general charges in a Sen-
ate speech on February 20 he said: "I
will not say anything on the Senate floor
which I will not say off the Senate floor;"
and added, "on that day when I take ad-
vantage of the security we have on the
Senate floor, on that day I will resign
from the Senate."
He has not fulfilled his pledge-on either
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature Syndicate) Inc.)


rials published in The Michigan Daily
riten by members of The Daily staff
epresent the views of the writers only.




WASHINGTON-The only woman ambas-
sador in the Washington diplomatic
corps is Madame Pandit Nehru, the sister of
the prime minister of Iiadia. She is a lady
of frail figure, great dignity, and a sort of
austere beauty.
Wearing the traditional white veil and
flowing robes of India, Madame Nehru went
to the State Department the other day to
hand Secretary of State Acheson a note
written by her prime minister brother, ask-
ing the United States and Russia for peace
in Korea.
'Madame Nehru," Acheson said, after
carefully considering the Indian peace ap-
peal, "I sympathize with your views, but
we cannot be appeasers."
'Appeasers!" the bird-like Indian am-
bassadress almost leaped from her chair.
"Appeasers! You call us appeasers! We
in India, who know what it is to spend
years in jail for a cause in which we be-
lieve! You call us appeasers!"
"When we lacked the arms to fight," she
continued, "we developed our own weapons
-nonresistance. Never did we appease: We
in India know what it is to fight and to
"But you don't understand the Russians,"
countered the Secretary of State.
"You forget, Mr. Acheson, that I serv-
ed as Ambassador to Russia," shot back
Madame Nehru. "I know the Russians
well. And I think also you forget your
geography. India has a border with Com-
munist Russia on one side and Commun-
ist China on the other. We know them
perhaps better than you.
"But I am here pleading with you for
your own good, Mr. Secretary. For the Uni-
ted States must not lose India. We can be
and are your best friends, your best ambas-
sadors in the East. You must not lose India,
Indo-China, and Indonesia. Unless you show
them a way to peace, however, you will."
Secretary Acheson agreed that the United
States certainly could not afford to lose
this vital part of the world, and promised a
sympathetic study of the whole problem.
* * * .
W HAT MOST PEOPLE in this country
don't realize is that the Communist
radio pours a daily stream of propaganda
into the villages of China, Northern Indo-
China, and as much of the Orient as pos-
sible, telling how the imperialistic United
States has invaded Korea. Naturally, noth-
ing is said about Russia's part in the North
Korean invasion, or that the United Nations
sanctioned the American resistance.
And, since radio in the village square is
the chief means of communicating with a
large part of Asia, a lot of Orientals have
come to believe this.
That's why it is so important to send
Philippine Gen. Carlos Romulo, president
of the UN Assembly, to Korea to show
Asiatics that other Asiatics are emphati-
cally behind the United States. This has
been proposed at Lake Success, but fear
of treading on General MacArthur's toes
as supreme commander has caused hesi-
tation in Washington.
That's also why thfb action of Senators
Byrd, George, et al, who voted to cut Am-
erican propaganda, is so short-sighted.
has a clumsy way of winning new allies
for the U.S.A. in the Korean war.
Louis Foy, American correspondent for
the Paris Presse, one of the largest French
papers and vigorously anti-Communist,
recently sought to attend the Defense
Department briefing on the Korean war
which is given to newspapermen every
day. He was told by the office of Lee Har-
gus, chief of the Pentagon Press branch,

that it would take 24 hours to get per-
Foy, who had to return to New York,
cpuntered that it had taken only 30 min-
utes to get permission to attend a White
House conference held by the President of
the United States; that he is already ac-
credited to the State Department, also to
the United Nations; and that he has been a
newsman in this country for 13 years.
Later, when the Frenchman turned up at
the Army briefing, he was stopped at the
"This is a United Nations war," Foy
protested, "and France has been fighting
in the Far East for several years. I can
talk to President Truman, but I can't
listen to some General give out informa-
tion that is going to appear in the papers
next day!"
Nevertheless, he was barred. Also barred
at first was Swedish newsman Rolf Lam-
born of the "Stockholm Tidningen," though
later both were told they could attend.
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)


"Any Statement?"
Cl tprE :
U s
*,,..Rij4 cs






The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which arse signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any rason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the

IN SPITE OF an over-zealous audience
which grasped every opportunity, strange-
ly enough even the depressingly tragic, to
release exuberant laughter, the Speech De-
partment production of "The Time of Your
Life" Saturday night was a pleasant ex-
.4rience, theatrically more convincing than
the opening night performance.
General restraint by almost the entire
cast provided the transformation from. a
bad to a good production. Chief criticism
of the opening night presentation was
gross overacting by a majority of the per-
formers. - .~~
Ted Heusel (Joe), though he still failed
to achieve the, brilliance attained in pre-
vious departmental productions; exhibited a
vast improvement over the initial perfor-
mance. No longer in evidence was the
sprawling intonation which seriously mar-
red the play's opening.
Gone, too, was the dreamy unreality of
his actions -granted that a certain lofti-
ness was desired of .the part, but, opening
night it was taken to extremes - lucidly
demonstrated at the point in the first act
when Joe knocked the hat from Tom's
head. In the first performance, the blow
was graceful and fragile, far too tender even
for Joe.
Several of the protagonists, including Kit-
ty Duval (played by Frances Ann Harring-
ton), McCarthy "(William M. Taylor), Kit
Carson (Dan Mullin) and Mary L. (Cyrene
Bell) were commendable Wednesday; night;
with one exception, that of the loquacious
Kit Carson, the players concluded the run
with the same skill that gave credulity to
their roles at the outset. Carson, however,
partially lost the breathless urgency which
had supplemented his other unusual, but
attractive, traits.
Miss Harrington and Taylor accounted
for the two outstanding examples of act-
ing, both on Wednesday and Saturday
nights. The fascinating combination of
intellectual and physical strength which
Taylor displayed as the idealistic long-
shoreman was brilliantly handled; his
sucess was complete with statement, "I'm
a man with too much brawn to be an
intellectual, exclusively!"
Miss Harrington was masterfully indig-
nant, suspicious, amenable, appreciative,
melancholy and frightened, with her major
triumphs coming in the bedroom sequence
which, not incidentally, was artistically
staged, and in the last act when Blick
vulgarly bares the "toe-nails on his fingers"
and attempts to assert his official "right-
The ability of Larry Johnson, who play-
ed Nick, the harshly tender, cynical,
,proprieter of the Pacific Street honky-

reviewer has, some reluctance to accept Sa-
royan's hulking, childishly grinning stereo-
Myron Wahls, in his first appearance on
the Mendelssohn stage, was more at ease
Satuirday night - his piano renditions were
superbly created both nights.
Sarah Sharp, again too much a stereotype
as the hard-up, bespectacled Lorene Smith,
provided a comic touch as she, nasally, "only
wanted to be of some help;" comic, that is,
if a stereotyped character in a stereotyped
situation can be amusing.
Jeanette Grandstaff was eloquent as the
Italian-speaking mother of Nick. (She had
several lines, though the written version
called for one - presumably because of her
uncanny linguistic ability!)
Though the production Saturday night was
infinitely superior to the opening night per-
formance, the reviewer maintains his posi-
tion in respect to the play itself:
Regardless of Saroyan's motives, there
can be little artistic appreciation of ster-
eotyped characters ,especially when they
are used to express an obscure sentimen-
tality which indicates that the author is
an irrational "philosopher" who is appa-
rently uncertain of his message's validity.
Just as serious, too much of the play is
found in the author's running commen-
tary: a substantial part of the dramatic
content can not be adequately staged.
Tomorrow nigit; the Oxford players pre-
sent Ben Jonson's "The Alchemist" at the
Mendelssohn; and Friday night, the same
group will be seen in "King Lear:" this week
promises to be auspicious, dramatically. .
-B. Sheldon Browne
Incredible .Error
A CANDIDATE for governor in Texas
was found campaigning on Arkansas
territory. It slins incredible. Texas has
always seemed too big and too different
from ordinary states to permit a mistake
of that kind - especially on the part of a
-St. Louis Star-Times

Peace Appeal. .
To the Editor:
NOT ALL of those who cry
"peace" in these days mean
what they say. There are some,
however, who do not cry "peace"
as a strategy, but proclaim peace
as a principle. It would be lament-
able if in our proper revulsion
from those who cry "peace" where
there is none, we closed our ears
to those who direct us to where
peace may be found. In this con-
nection, therefore, I would like to
draw the attention of your readers
to the following statement issued
by the Ann Arbor Meeting of the
Religious Society of Friends
"We wish at this time to re-
affirm our belief that all war, no
matter how apparently good the
cause, is contrary to the spirit of
Divine Love as seen in Jesus, and
that to those who seek to live
wholly in this spirit, and have
felt its life and power, war is ut-
terly denied. We believe that in
these days especially war is not
even an effective method of na-
tional defense, and that those na-
tions, our own being no exception,
which rely on it will perish by it.
We conceive it to be our duty,
therefore, both as lovers of Christ
and 'of our Country, to urge all
men to listen as never before to
that spirit of Divine Love which
is present in every heart, and to
consider whether it does not com-
mand them to abstain, at what-
ever personal cost from partici-
pating in this evil and disastrous
"We are humble before the spir-
it of Truth, and we do not pre-
sume to limit that spirit as it
moves the heartshand minds of
men in ways that are not ours.
But we invite all men, whether
of our persuasion or not, to ask
of themselves the following ques-
"1--Do we believe that all men
are equally Children of God, and
that He cares equally for all,
whether Americans, Russians, or
"2-In our conflicts, do we real-
ly care about the people with-
whom we are contending?
"3-Are we fighting for our
enemies as well as against them,
that they may come into a fuller
life and knowledge of truth?
"4-Are we lighting merely be-
cause our national pride is at
statke, and is this a motive worthy
of lChildren of God?
"America has sought to create
a world at which she can live at
peace. But she has tried to do this
oy rimng men afraid of her wea-
pons of destruction. In so doing
she has become herself the victim
of fear and has lost all freedom
cf action. A handful of men i',
shall we say, Moscow. or Korea,
or Berlin, can pull the strings that
jerk us into action, can impel u,
to submit our young men to mili-
tary enslavement through con-
scription, can impel us to destroy
by our own hand our religious and
political liberties. And all this be-
cause of our reliance on force anO
fear. But there is a Spirit and
tYere is a Powei that liberates
from this fear. It is the Spirit of
Truth that makes us free, of the
Love that casts out fear. This
Spirit we have known in our own
lives in measure sufficient for our
needs. To it we call you all."
This statement represents a
point 'of view with which perhaps
not many of your readers will
agree. Nevertheless I believe it de-
,rarvC r c enciripreti

bursting at the seams, Saroyan
cannot be accepted today."
Why not? -Isn't the time of
world chaos the opportune mo-
ment for people to realize the
good that exists, the good that is
in every one of us, the good that if
experienced correctly will insure
a world of peace? War is attained
through the efforts of people who
pursue negative ideas, by people
who try to change the law of na-
ture through corruption. Saro-
yan's people, too, have been guil-
ty of evil or sin at one time or
another, but it's "Joe's" duty as
the author's interpreter,, to guide
people in acknowledging the good
and in obtaining positive results.
Life, or living, ,is the enjoyment
and appreciation of beauty, love,
peace, harmony and happiness.
Those in the world who promote
disorder are not really living-
getting the best from their stay
on earth.
All good springs from evil. Sar-
oyan knew this, and, in order to
have his message seem more real
to the masses, he has presented
his characters with sordid back-
grounds, obstacles on all sides,
and then the recognition of love,
beauty, peace, harmony and hap-
piness which come to each are the
result which we all may expect
if we would only admit these emo-
tions into our everyday experi-
ences. "All that the Lord has, so
has his children," said Jesus. God,
which is good, knows only good
and offers it to all his children if
they would but recognize their
divine potential and use it wisely.
Saroyan can and must be ac-
cepted today, if only as a stepping
stone to personal and world peace.
*-Lyn Mendell
To the Editor:
WAS passing through town the
other day and dropped in on
the Speech Department's produc-
tion of "The Time of Your Life."
TIhe ending of the play bothered
me. Why should this production
end with the wounding of the old
Westerner when in Saroyan's ori-
ginal work he was hale and hear-
Perhaps the people who were
responsible for the production
could enlighten me.
-Al Blumrosen
, * * *
Marriage in Iraq..*.
To the Editor:
AM NOT a reader of The Michi-
gan Daily, but so many peo-
ple have asked me about what ap-
peared in it about Iraq, my own
country, on July 13, that I was
curious enough to buy an old copy
of it and see for myself.
I think that Mr. AI-Khafaji was
either misquoted or misunder-
It is a great insult to our girls
to say that they are like goods
and have nothing to say about
their mates. Yes, marriage has to
be agreed upon by the parents of
the bride and the parents of the
groom, and the boy and girl have
to know each other and like each
other; that is what you principal-
ly have in this country.
It is wrong to say that the girl
is unable to refuse the terms that
the two fathers agree upon, be-
cause no agreement is discussed
unless the girl's opinion is taken
into consideration in the first
It is a sin to say that marriage
in Iraq is based upon money be-
cause the money that the couple
get from the bride's father and
the groom's father is spent on fur-

(continued from Page 3)
pointments, 3528 Administration
Preliminary Examinations in
(1) General Linguistics, Friday,
August 11, 2-5.
(2) Comparative Grammar, Sat-
urday, August 12, 9-12.
(3) English, Chinese, etc., Sat-
urday, August 12, 2-5.
Candidates should notify Prof.
H. Kurath of their intentions by
August 1.
The Counseling Division of the
.Bureau of Psychological Services
will be located beginning Thurs-
day morning, July 27, on the sec-
ond floor of the old ROTC Build-
ing, on State Street between the
Michigan Union and the Adminis-
tration Building. The former ad-
dress was 1027 East Huron.
Approved Student Sponsored so-
cial events for the coming week-
July 28, 1950
Graduate Student Council.
Omega Psi Phi.
July 29, 1950
Lloyd Hall.
Phi Delta Phi.
Deutsches Hans. No "Open
House" will be held this week,
Thursday, July 27, because of con-
flict with Oxford Players.
Geometry Seminar: 3001 Angell
Hall, 3 p.m., Wed., July 26. Dr.
Leisenring will discuss "Polar Vec-
tor Algebra."
Conference of Summer Educa-
tion Staff. Topic: "A Recent Im-
portant Development or a Signifi-
cant Trend in Education in States
and Universities Represented by
Visiting Staff Members." Wednes-
day, July 26, 7:30 p.m. Rackham
Assembly Hall.
Pol. Scl. 279, Public Policy and
Atomic Energy, Seminar meeting
open to the public on Thursday,
July 27, at 3 p.m. in the East Con-
ference Room of the Rackham
Building. Lyman Moore, City Man-
ager of Portland, Maine, will
speak on "Management of Atoiic
Seminar in Applied 1Mathema-
tics will meet Thursday, July 27
at 4 p.m. in Room 247 West Engi-
neering Building. Mr. Paul T.
Nims ofathe Chrysler Corporation
will speak on "The vibration of
aircraft engines."
Chemistry Lecture Series, Chem-
istry Bldg., Rm.1300, Wednesday,
July 26, 4 p.m. Dr. Charles Kittel,
Bell Telephone Laboratories, will
talk on "Microwave Experiments
in Organic Free Radical Com-
Seminar: Thursday,' July 27 at
7:45 p.m. East Council Room,
Rackham Building. Speaker: Dr.
S. Chandrasekhar, subject: Illum-
ination and Polarikation of the
Sun lit Sky.
Guidance Workshop: Delmont K.
Byrn, Supervisor, Guidance Ser-
vices, State Department of Educa-
tion, Jefferson City, Missouri, will
be the guest lecturer and consult-
ant at the Guidance Workshop,
Rm. 267, Bus. Ad. Bldg., Tuesday
through Friday of this week. His
topic will be "Follow-Up in Guid-
Linguistic Institute. "Morpho-
phonemics of Standard Colloquial
Japanese." Dr. Samuel E. Martin,
Yale University. 1 p.m. today, Mi-
chigan Union.

Speech Assembly. "Time and Il-
lusion." Alexander Wyckoff, Scene
Designer, Guild O'Crafts, New
York City, 3 p.m. today, Rackham
The Quest for Social Security.
"Health Insurance-Public or Pri-
vate?"' Paul R. Hawley, M.D., Di-
rector of the American College of
Surgeons. 4:15 p.m. today, Rack-
ham Amphitheater.
Michigan Memorial - Phoenix
Project.'Lecture. "Modern Arms
and Free Men." Arthur N. Hol-
combe, Harvard University. 8:15
p.m. today, Rackham Amphithea-
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Har-
ry Levin, Psychology; thesis:
"Personal Influence and Opinion
Change in Conferences," Wednes-
day, July 26, 3121 Natural Science
Bldg., at 10 a.m. Chairman, D. G.
Doctoral Examination for Ar-
nold Fieldsteel, Bacteriology; the-
sis: "The Effect of Thyroxin, Thi-
ouracil and 2,4-Dinitrophenol on
the Susceptibility of Albino Mice

Council Rm., Rackham Bldg., at
7 p.m. Chairman, F. D. Curtis.
Student Recital: William Stan-
ley, tuba, will be heard at 8:30
Wednesday evening, July 26, in
the Rackham Assembly Hall, in a
program presented in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music. He
will be assisted by Michael Polo-
vitz, clarinet, and Mary Crawford,
piano. The general public is in-
vited. Mr. Stanley is a pupil of
Harold Ferguson.
Chicago Symphony Woodwind
Quintet, Ralph Johnson, flute,
Robert Mayer, oboe, Jerome Sto-
well, clarinet, Wilbur Simpson,
bassoon, and Philip Farkus, French
horn, will be heard in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall at 8:30, Wednes-
day evening, July 26. The pro-
gram is being played as a part
of the Second Annual Band Con-
ductors Conference Workshop be-
ing held in Ann Arbor, July 24-29.
It will include compositions by
Somis, Klughardt, Milhaud, D-
Lamarter, and Hindemith. The
general public is invited.
Student Recital: Marilyn Mitt-
ler, soprano, will present a pro-
gram in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Bachelor of
Music degree at 8:30 Wednesday
evening, July 26, in the Architec-
ture Auditorium. Miss Mittler, a,
pupil of Thelma Lewis, plans to
sing works by Handel, Gluck, Cam-
pra, Blech, Wolf, Szulc, Ravel, Du-
parc, and a group of four English
songs. The general public is in-
Carillon Recital, 7:15 p.m., to-
morrow, by Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur. It will include
Largo, from the "New World"
Symphony by Dvorak, four Amer-
icancairs, a group of compositions
for -carillon by Menotti, and se-
lections from the Mikado.
Student Recital: Tait Sanford,
Pianist, will present her program
in partial fulfillment of the re
quirements for the Master of Mu-
sic degree at 8:30 p.m, in the
Rackham Assembly Hall. A pupil
of Marian Owen, Miss Sanford will
play works by Bach, Beethoven,
Brahms and Debussy. The recital
will be open to the public.
Student Recital: Donald Morris,
Violin student with Gilbert Ross,
will be heard at 4:15 tomorrow in
the Rackham Assembly Hall, in a
program of compositions by Vitali,
Mendelssohn, and Beethoven. Pre-
sented in partial<fulfillment of the
requirements for the Master of
Music degree, the recital will be
open to the public.
General Library, main lobby
cases. Contemporary literature
and art (June 26-July 26).
Museum of Archaeology. Fron
Tombs and Towns of Ancient
Museums Building. R o tunda
exhibit, Fossil Flora of the Mi-
chigan Coal Basin. Exhibition
halls, "Some Indian Cultures of
North and South America."
Law Library. History of Law
School (basement); classics for
collectors (reading room).
Museum of Art. Oriental cera-
mics (June 26-August 18). Mo-
dern graphic art (July 2-30).
Clements Library. American
Colonial Culture. (July 5-August

Events Today
Band Conductors Workshop. 8
a.m.-6 p.m., Michigan Union.
(Continued on Page 5)



t i



At The


Calhern, Sterling Hayden, and Sam Jaffe
phalt Jungle." Director John Huston's

accenting the next-door neighbor char-
Sterling Hayden, always a sailor and nev-
er an actor, conceals his acting blunders
under the guise of a gawky farmhand turn-
ed hoodlum. Sam Jaffe as the second, but
soft-spoken, hoodlum captures with his ap-

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and- managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Philip Dawson......Managing Editor
Peter Hotton.............City Editor
Marvin Epstein........Sports Editor
Pat Brownson.........women's Editor
Business Staff

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